The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on February 25, 1891 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, February 25, 1891
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Page 8
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larnd Stock- JAMES WILSON, _(I.deaa are solicited from our farmsriroaSars. ''3« e i wln '> e answered. Address to the«rt- <, Itor, Jjungs Wilson, Traer, lowaj IOWA, FEB. 25, 1 891. lere ' tlu ' cB . way ? ln wlllch "".lions : *e- by comiuert, wMdh 4s •"kK.' 1 , l y comiue, wd 4s .-.robbery, second.by commerce, which is iwti- :*«My swindHnK, third, by apfrteulture, whitfbJs ' P, ril \? tp!l ! source of national ui , .'-Benjamln Franklin. Weihear it said often that the male is krom Iowa to the best tnarketa is The legklaturesof several States «re ef- 4er th^ people who cut horses' tails. 'The Canadian experiment farm is -wintering a hoise on silnge that keeps i : et, a ho&Kiakes out to live. 'The farm^ssues in Great Britain j-uet tnow is to pay tithes or not to established •churches. It looks queer from our stand- ipolnt. Full many a iHan )i;w mistaken a poor dijres- *lou for a good. .religion.— Bennett. the heartburn for sound philosophy. &ml the want of appetite for temperance at dinner time. Bp«f,Bimmc.l, of Ames, wants all the rare>,pJants of the Slate especially weeds that.onnoy the former. Send samples to IWB, .including wild forage plants. His study-of the whole will be of practical benefit te the State. half the herd. Remember that as far as results-are concerned tie may be the poor erhalf. The male la.no more prepotent than the female unless he has a stronger strain of blood inherited from a uniform line of ancestry. If .you breed a crossbred beast or grade upon a straight bred animal, the progeny <will follow the straight bred whether male or female. The male will impress..» herd either one way or acother. If he is a superior animal from a lino of ancestors whose characteristic have been l«ng fixed, he will impress himself upon progeny with females irregularly bred. M he is irregularly bred,; a cress on a grade bred upon females of a fixed type, the progeny will follow the&ams. It is easier to improve with the male, as he is ImJff the herd for good or evil. Continual improvement can only be created by wing males of fixed types -upon females. . Grades upon grades and crosses upon crises result in ativistn, or bleeding back, no one can tell :to what. Long periods of improvement are lost by one hesitating step of this kind. Money, can be saved, in a, little way, by keeping; farm tools well painted. Heat and moisture so -accessary to growing crops, imin.exposed wood work. Paint frequency. It prevents the heat making openings for the moiaUire. Technical knowledge of the farm can only be had on the farm by actual work. Schools eutble the fanner to study farther, but tlie moment ho ceases to be in contact witk the work of tlie farm, his learning goes in unpractical directions as far as the fawn is concerned. Teach chemistry, but have the student handle the milk. A man who owns a, cow that gives over two pounds of butter a day asks Hoard's Dairyman what to do with her, as she is a Shorthorn. Hoard says: "Breed her to a Jersey bull." Hoard says in sub stance, to begin with (litre is no milking Shorthorn, but if there is, breed her t» a Jersey. Then we uau avoid the dossibiiity of a common purposa cow. No manure equals barn yard manure, because what is taken from the soil is mostly returned by it, but the liquid manures should be returned also, and cisterns are being constructed for this purpose on many farms where the land is refusing to Yield as formerly. This is all retained by pasturing, and is a prime reason why .pasturing enriches laud. The Illinois legislature propases investigating•, the Cfcicago stock yards. It is high tjme. The commissioner, extorted, the prices for feed exacted, the,.combina- ik>ns formed.anil the understandings between buyers,au£ agents are theocandals of commerce. It is a question whether there is. virtue, enough in the legislature to resist the .blandishments of those inter estod. The ' t Unit«d States senate tried and failed. This, work is of muefc,more importance, than electing a senator from that ctate. It is one of the dark spots in our eiVi!ization-^o robber's den defying all interference by aethority of any bind, state »r national. -.\^c remember wihen the hiKg plague bill.wtis under discussion those fellows hired an .attorney and sent him to Washington to .stop legislation.' They failed in this, but tfee same set sel dom fail. They batten aad batten and! bump and elbow their w&y among legislators and generally preveat all imterfer- encc, That will be thek effort now. The western states will look for vigor enough in tfce investigation to mean something and result in some modification of charges mid customs. The whole west is depending on the legislation of Illinois at this juncture. so much like freight from dairies elsewhere that *he difference is very little. It costs about as much to send butter to Liverpool from <he center of Great Britain as from Chica «o to Liverpool, so really we have too much said and written on this corn question that is not edifying or profitable. If cows were scarce or dear, there might be an excuse for selling corn to people who have them cheap and plenty. The Iowa udifer is the cheapest thing going while stoe carries about with her inflnate possibilities regarding the sale of corn. >0ur neighbors in northern states are fairly carried away with the cow. They dcnow wtot to do with their corn and part of OUK. No contention up there about a cotm market- It goes to the cow. The cow»answers back properly; big prices for corn .result. They smile at our dilemma about a corn market, and talk cow for tuek-ttnarket. So it is as you go cast. Thetaowgets the corn. So it is beyond the seas. Their cow gels our corn. They pocket our profits and smile at our eaono mies. (Let us market at the dairy aad do some laughing- ourselves. STKAWY PUBl'OSJSS. The farmer who holds a steady hand} in his affairs, who has his farm departments poqperly balanced, who consumes all the food produced on his fields and sells only condensed products, is periodically annoyed by erratic, unstable, changeable, speculative neighbors. If every farm was managed as independent witnin itself, -depending as little as possi ble upon outeide producers for stock nni rnals or food for them, it would be much easier to deteraaine for the whole what the trend of the markets must be. Such on poor The good farmers that live soils have gutters from the stables to" cis terns that catch the liquid manure. They pump it over the solid manure before they haul it out to the fields, thereby re turning to the land manures of all kinds. Others go a step farther and pump the liquid manure into a cart and distribute it over the pasture. Still others pump it through pipes into the fields by steam power. We have an element of crop raising power untouched In liquid manure. The Minnesota experiment station has n «t work wjtU beets, They lind from ten to twenty pel 1 cent, of sugar in beets grown up there. They advise planting the last of May, which we think too late, and theirs did not sprout well. They think the beet gets most of its nutriment from ten to twelve inches below the surface, which is questionable, but deep plowing the fall previous is no doubt good, They advise against successive crops from the same land. It takes twenty pounds of seed to sow an acre The United States made 10,000 pounds of beet sugar last year, wich was about five per cent, of all the sugar made in the country. There will be more made the coming year. PLOWING- .SHALLOW Oil WHKP. We are soon to plow. It has long been in dispute whether we should plow shallow or deep. We were a deep plower for many years, following Horace Greeley's advice. We plow shallow now in spring, because Iowa soils arc mostly heavy and our spring is often late, so that the soil does not become warm very promptly if it is plowed deep in the spring. Summer fallowing is done on the theory that the soil gets strength from the atmosphere by laying idle all summer. Soils brought to the surface from eight to ten inches deep in tuo spring where corn is to be raised do not become warm soon enough for that season's growth. Our soils are most Iy porous and do not require to be loos ened as stiff clays require. It is held by many that deep plowing enables land to resist drouth better than shallow plowing. We think thorough after cultivation has more to do in enabling land to resist drouth than deep spring plowing. A mulch is formed by frequent stirring of the soil that protects it from intense heat and drouth and keeps the soil beneath moist as a straw mulch would. We sug gest to farmers that they try plowing at different depths and cultivate thoroughly and see tho difference. Our cousins across the Atlantic have a knack of suiting philanthropy to profit. They do not want our fat catttle just now, and are greatly concerned about the inconvenience the animals suffer in cross ing the ocean. !Not a word is heard, however, about the hardships of the high- priced stock we buy there and bring here. A. fellow named Plimsoll is appealing to the native islanders concerning their imported cattle, but silent as death about their exported high-priced, pedigreed stock. You see the British fanner wants to sell very much indeed, but does not want to have our stock compete at all. "Except your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees etc." The season is at hand when pigs come for early maturity and sale before winter. There is far more work with them than with May or June pigs. Nice judgment is required to keep the sows in perfect health and condition to give milk. If the cellar has spare roots of any kind they are very useful in inducing milk to come, and without mother's milk pigs do no good. Nothing induces a sow to give milk like feeding her milk consequently the cow should come in about the same time and help the sow along with her brood. A large litter will gain a pound each a day if fairly well fed, so it is evident the sow must be well fed if she does fier duty. There is trouble with sows tkat break down after attaining full size, danger of easily fatted breeds overlaying the pigs, great danger from feeding too saucb. core or oats. 11KD TOP (iUAS.S AX« HAY". Testimony against red top is universal. Few tell us why. It is shunned by stock; that is enough. It grows up among other grasses with the top bitten off, showing stock relish it when young. The maturi ty of the plant comes and stock will not touch it. Neither will stock eat seeded blue grass, but the blue grass plant sends out leaves that are always juicy, while the red top does not. The cow is the best jud^e. Red top, if cut in blossom, makes very fine hay, and Director Speer and Prof. Patrick found it more nutritious than most, grosses. Palatability comes in, however. You can't reason with a cow. She cats what she likes and no doubt she has intuitive ideas about what is good for her—what she can digest. The fact that the cow refuses dry red top only proves one thing. She would also refuse dry corn husks among green husks. Cut the corn when green and the cow will eat the fodder. Cut the red top green and the cow will eat the hay. But in pasture we must save it up in times of plenty for times of drouth. The red top will not keep like other grasses. It might serve well in a closely eaten pasture, but close pasturing is bad farming. Red top as hay has yet to be tried in the west. It may not get a tail trial owing to its bad behavior in the abundant pasture. We advise farmers who have it to try its hay value and to cut it early. KAISING COltN. Whatever conclusion Iowa people come to about corn raising for sale, there is no dispute about the profitable raising of corn for the cow. Raise all the cow wants to make butter from, all her calf requires Lo make beef from, all you want to give the pig as an auxiliary to the cow. The Iowa cow will account for every bushel of :orn at as good rates as any market in he woild will, and at as good prices as raised in any other country. This s our one great vantage ground. The jound of prime butter or cheese wade in !owa is worth as much as the pound of jutter or cheese of the same grade made n any other country. Freight on butter is not the case =fit present. We have too many farmers who have infinite faith in their own speculative ability, who imagine they can liv<e off their neighbors by smart trading, buy stockers and make money feeding them, buy grain and make .money feeding it Prosperous farmers thrive by depending ae much as possible on their own crops and animals, who uwike the most of all they produce themselves, and avoid as much as possible the dickering business, who take pains to grow good crops and take pain^to have good animals to feed them to, who study to have good pastures and animals to graze them that respond to good keeping. It is a work of years to build up a hen) that is certain to respond in U>,e dairy oi feed yard. If the farmer sells "out his milking cows every time dairy products arslowand buys again when they arc high, he neves has a reliable herd. If ln- sells off his breeding cows when beef is depressed and buys again when it is up in price, he never gets into the class thai produces export steers regularly and eco nomically. There are certain character istios belonging to animals that become familiar to observing owners. Those that are profitable can be multiplied, aud those that are objectionable can be eliminated. It is noticeable that farmers who have pursued for years a steady course of man agement with animals of their own breed ing make the most money. Take the present situation for example. The great corn crop of 1889 induced excessive breeding of hogs to consume it. As soon as these hogs began to be marketed the price went down. A short crop in 1890 caused a panic and hogs have been sacri ticed. If farmers would hold a steady hand in the years of abundance and store up surplus grains until times of scarcity arrive as they are sure to do, one would balance the other. If farmers would be slow to increase any kind 'of stock unduly, to the detriment of the proper balance of farm animals, we would see less fluctuation iu prices. This is entirely practical. Let each farmer estimate what stock his farm will profitably sustain of the different kinds that Iowa farms must have. There will not tbeu be room for unusual multiplicity of & B y One kind. Let Lhe f arfflei'8 go on improving flocks and cfol>S and herds, and look for more pi'oftt in greater excellence, and the ups and downs of markets will affect them little. In fact there would be less ups and downs. Farmers can sell a little closer the articles that are "clear and hold a little longer to those that are cheap. It trolled In the east, and t ates are arranged to help the eastern factory. The In- crese of capital through, the wealth of western soils and the growth of intelligence through western education we gradually build up the western factory if the trusts that now destroy all efforts in these directions did not operate. A revolution in trade is surely coming from reciprocity, and one hesitates to grasp all the meaning of it. The factory and adjacent farms, the carriers and commercial classes will, without doubt, profit immedi ately Scorn the new movement. Never before-in the world's history since parliaments and congresses wrested legislative powers'from absolute rulers, has a step been taken that replaces such power in the hands of a nation's chief executive Heretofore the President and Cabinet enforced the laws made by Congress relating to foreign commerce. Now they make trade relations as far-reaching as the famed McKinley bill itself, inasmuch as they suspend its operations wherever they see fit. They have seen fit to open up substantially free trade with Southern Republics. They have not seen fit to use influences equally at hand to open trade with European countries that discrimi nate against western farm products. This will call direct and immediate atten tion to the necessity of an interest in the coming Presidents and Cabinets. Elaine deserves well of New England manufacturers and farmers. He has done great things for them. Western desire will grow fast to have such a friend at court. For example, Rtask tries to make a path forour meats abroad. Were he in the state department this would have been done first, perhap*. It is no more than neighborly to congratulate New England and other factory localities on their luck. The west will no doubt work to mend its luck in future. Products of South Amer ican farming countries will come here free in exchange for fine markets for the manufactories and increased activity on are making expenses, the editors who talk Estherville Kepttbliean: Perhaps the editors who howl about the lack of profits In farming might learn wisdom by looking more closely into their own business affairs, If the same test be applied to the newspaper business that the calamity- itesuse in their farm estimates (interest on capital invested, salary for owner wear and tear of material, etc.) it will show that not a dozen newspapers in Iowa *a all probability loudest about the woes of the farmer are pinching at every corner to pay interest on borrowed capital and current running expenses. And in numerous cases it will be found that the interest is paid to men who earned the money loaned by farming. A comparison of the amounts loaned by farmers on printing offices and amounts loaned by owners of printing offices to farmers would bo interesting to the calamity editors. Vour cough will^ot tosTaFwinten You wi not be kept awake at night; You will get immediate relief it You will use DeWitt's cough and con- mimption cure. Sold by Drjbeet". Administrator's Notice of Final Report. fn the matter of the estate of Jose (Ifloi'Mpri T/I oil ti.<, heirs c" --- •• Ordinance No. 8. for tho compensation of the city * the ' follows, and may be paid BK0.2. _.„ satipn a salar addition for a JfAron. OITV MARSHAL. crar CMCIHC. SKC. 4. offlff such CITfTKKAsUBBH. CITY SOLICITOR. You are hereby notified that on or before said cjeriTofTor before" the'nrw day of »id term of «n. 1f i ,„„,* which w ,,, eonvmKW on approved- and said' ulmnu^o'r 6 ^''' >V " 1 ' aud his bonds released. 10-21 Admfu'ist'rator. commerce. The directions of such movements in the future will be subject to keen discussions when 'power is delegat- those who control them. When people have taken breath and fully comprehend ed the revolution brought about, the query will be, "where next?" Certain interests have had their axes ground by this new power, whose turn comes next? We want foreign powers that discrimi nate against western products to be brought up with a sound turn. It would not be fair to make a bargain next time with Canada to feed the east for farther dicker in factory goods. Who is to bene fit by the next swap? Citation to Administrator. In the District Court of Iowa, in and for Kos- sutb county, March term, iwi. f Ule estate ° f Charles STBBET COMMI8IONKU. COUWCIM1KN. SEC. 8. Each Councilman shall do a} 1 for every regular and spools ,,,- • y — .....wuw f.iiy one year's service. POLICE. SKC. 9. The compensation of , for one To H, A. Latta, Administrator of said estate • Girtre h'Sffl £{'1ft "?""ed that John F. Mc- Mi"it ho u?a , ii! s ' 3e V tio , n '" sal(1 C01lr| ; stating hit ?n in^ c 16 ^ 110 . 1 ' o£ SiM estate and that lie las an interest therein, and praying that the letters of administration issued to you on tlie 21st day of September, 1889, be revoked, and t«rJ?% c ?^ t( M' sof adininistration on said estate of said deceased issue to some other ner- h°«" a » dta |-es"lent of Kossuth conntv, lowS, to !?,«. s S le . cte , (l D V the Court. And you are Hereby required to appear and be before , outhe 3d day of March, 1891, at 2 tition." ° y and answel ' said pe- Witness my hand this Oth day of Feb., 1831. (^ K o. H, GARB, Disc. Court of Kossuth Co. la. TO BE SUEE ! WE HAVE ON HAND Warranty Deed blanks P «Vnn Quitclaim Deed blanks... S J S?, Leaseblanks ••": •• }™ i oo 00 1 00 1 Notice for Tax Deed. To K. g. Owin and M. Richardson You are hereby notHied that on the cth dav °'»' b ,^ 'A 80 .' .."^Treasurer of. KoVrtif We sell more of De Witt's Little Early Kisers than any other pills their action is do not gripe or cause pain, are the is noticeable that something always pays. There is entire safety in such management. There is safety in no other. The farmer can not be u speculator, nor can he afford to change his purpose with the whims of the markets. OUB CtUBUING 1IST. The REPUBLICAN and any one of the journals named below will be sent to any address for one year at the following reduced rates: Des Moincs Register so nn Iowa Capital „... "o no Iowa Homtistead " ~> IK •<ioux City Journal 5 MO Keokuk Gate City 5 o 0 MarshiUltown Times-Republican.'.'.'.'.'."!'! 2 10 Omaha Bee 7, if, Chicago Journal .' S'm Chicago Intcr-Oceau 095 I'rairie Farmer ~, 9.-, Western Kimvi ; ." Sg Orange Jiidd Farmer " <> *>K Housekeeper ' " S T r , National Tribune ' '"940 A merican Economist •" ^5 Scientific American " "405 Uppinoott's Magaxlne " 4 os Demorest's Magazine " -i n-, Harper's Weekly .....'"" 4 75 Kaxiir 4 75 ;; Magazine '.'!':.'.'.'.' 4 OS Young People •[ 05 Oodey's Lady's Book j ,5 Home Market Bulletin '....'.'.'.'.. 1 75 These rates are given for a limited period and will be subject to revision from time to time. This is only a partial list. Subscribe now. Those new wide Henrietta silk dress joocU iu all colors are very fine, at Gal- •I t*« I i K'n jraith's. KKCIPltOCITY. The reciprocity treaty with the Southern Republics will be of great benefit to New Eeugland farmers and raanufactur ers. The reduction of duties on goods going into those countries will give our manufacturers lively demand for their goods. Tho New England factory town will grow and increase the market for everything the factory people want. Now that Canadian vegetables, dairy products and the like are shut out, we see better times ahead for the New England farmer. There will be more demand for products peculiarly local. They will have increased demand for fire wood, of which that part of the country has an abund ance. Fresh butter is coming into repute, and nearness to market is a necessary prerequisite iu making fresh butter. Western makers of first class creamerv brands will share in that trade. Vegeta bles from the garden, to the table direct we can not compete with, and New England will becoma still more a market garden. As the factory towns grow we can sell them more meats and grains, but the great benefit will go to the farmers in the vicinity of the factory. There are influences at work that promise more facior ies to the west, but they operate very slowly. Railways are ewaed and 0 r friends should give De Witt's cough and consumption cure a trial. No disappointment follows the use of this reliable medicine, and it merits the praise received from all who use it. Sold by Sheetz. A Cough Syrup Tliut Onn tta Rolled Upon. Beggs'Cherry Cough Syrup gives won- dtrful satisfaction wherever it is tried. It allays irritation of the throat and bronchial tubes, makes expectoration easy, and relieves all soreness of the lungs and chest. Every bottle is warranted to give satisfaction. Price 25c, 50c, and $1 per bottle. The large bottles are cheapest. Sold by F. W. Dingley. 10 28 Sheetz issues regular Go's guarantee to cure all ailments with Kidd's Germ Erad. «, , A' at ! > tax Nale lleld !lt the Com House in Algona in said county, sold the fol- rnn!&t BI « ri V e & real estate ^nated In Bifid 5?eraon v£'. J Th*" 80 ",? 0 , 1 ', 11 !, 6 delinquent taxes H,O ,^!Vi i ln , e . ""divided one-seventh of the north one-half of the south west quarter of s « c t'°" S1 * township 97 north of range 27 west signed who is the . wneru hlde 2™.™*- An( j «>at the right of redemption will _ W. C. DANSON. Teachers Contract blanks......... « Teacher's Report blanks \ ™ '--'-""""" *j v» uiuo u t i 11 <tl u I Illl K S Kf\ Probate of Will blanks .'.'. £? Tax Sale Notice blanks .' 5™ Petition blanks , ?£ A few District Township blanks '.'.'.'.'.'.'.' 25® &» Notes (bound in books) each 50 order. We also do ail Address, THE REPUBLICAN, Algona, Iowa. $1,000 Address : Can be made in 6 months selling Xuniaon's Atlases, Charts and Wall Maps. Particulars free. H. C TUNISON, Chicago, HIS. We Had a Fire! BUT ABE am at Old Stand WITH A Is Montana, Oregon and f asMngton, The remarkable growth iu population of tlie region occupied by the states of Montana, Oregon and Washington is only surprising to those wiio are unacquainted with the unusual natural resources of this section. Mining, lumbering, grazing, fruit growing and agriculture are here carded on with a degree of success unknown in auy other section of N. America, .The states of Montana and Washington are now the scene of a large amount of railroad building, but the principal and most important line in these two states, and in fact the only one traversing them from east to west and reaching all important sections is the Northern Pacific railrood. This road is the shortest line to Helena aud Butte City, Mont., Spokane Falls Wash., all Puget Sound puiuts. and Is the only all rail line to Tacoma and Seattle. The Northern Paeilie railroad offers special inducements to home seekers by allowing holders of second class North Pacific Coast, tickets the privilege ot stopping ten days at Spokane Falls, Wasn., and all points west of there. Passengers are thus given an opportunity of examining all sections of this great state at a saving of from $5 to 8)5 as against any other line. Iu the matter of accommodations the Northern Facillc railroad ranks Mist. Through daily trans-continental trains carry Free Colonist Bleeping Oars, First and Second Class Day Coaches, Pullman First class Sleepers and Dining Cars. Through train service of Pullman First Class and Tourist Sleeping Cars is ru'i via Wiseonsin Central and Northern Pacific lines and handsome First Glass Sleeping Oars via Chicago, Milwatike & St. Paul By. and Fortli- era Facillc, from Chicago to North Dakota, Montana aud Pacific Coast points. Inquire of your nearest Mcket agent, any authorized agent of the Northern Pacific By., or CHAS, 8. FKB, General Passenger and Ticket Agent, St. Paul, M un., lor rates, maps, time tables w spejcial tofwmatioju as to aey partle- w of the Nortbwest. &•« And better bargains than ever. Everything in the Hardware line. Come and see us. IML Woolen Goods at Cost Price THIS AND NEXT MONTH. OVERCOATING. On Winter Overcoating a reduction of from $3 to $5. Spring Overcoating will be sold cheaper than they ever have been sold in Algona. WINTER SUITING Will be sold at from $2 to $4 cheaper than ever. SPRING SUITINGS Are now in stock. I especially wish to call your attention to a certain grade of ENGLISH GOODS-SUIT $35.00 This month they will be sold at $32.00, and Prince Albert coat at that. This Price has Never Been Offered Before in Algona, 1 can give you a good bargain in Pantings. O. L, Foss.

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