Page 8 article text (OCR)
lan'and Steek-lwL cJA!VlK,S WILSON, Kilitor. (Ideas are.^oliclted from mir.fnrmeri-rwttlers •Queries willShe answered. Address to the Ed- ntor, Jam-es Wilson, Truer, Iowa,) IOWA, Fun. <i,:186EL R'three ways In whicl) nations an- wealth. Flr.st. by conquest, wlitcii If 'robbery, .secmxl, by commerce, which is •usually swinrtHuE, third..by MRrisiilture, which i8 (Dim true and principal source of national wealth.—Henj&mlu Franklin. •Russia's.greatest grain crop is rye, 8 000; 000 cwt. (Prof. Patrick, of Ames, is .experimenting with l.hc-«fft'ct of dilierewt feeds OR •milk. T4ie opinion <is genera! among the .Eastern-farm writats that the natiordl limit of grain.production on new, wild land has been .'reached. Wihfit the farmer particularly needs is the-right kind of>n wife, aud if te is the right-land of a mr.n ho probably ibas her. —Beorrett iu llural Life. It is said Mrs. MeCormick refused to let lier money go into the harvest trust. Good for Mrs. MoCormick. She should have the right to wote, nnd'all other g,ood women. The finest and healthiest straw should be harvested in the be«t manner to be fed in its entire state—without threshing— either whole or chaffed in the cutting box.—Gabrilson in Rural Lil'e, The farmer used to give a pound of butter for a pound of sugar. Now a good pound of butter will buy five pounds of sugar. Improved butter, making and extending commerce have done this. There is widespread demand for institutes in Iowa counties. Localities want one outside helper and are willing to pay to tret help. Pify they could not get more than is possible to get under present circumstances. The force of Iowa farm writers is DOW stronger than ever before. The number of farmers who can tell what they know about the farm is enlarging. The amount of waste ou a farm was never scanned so closely. Farm reading was never in such .-demand. Fool idea? never had less countenance in Iowa. The HoniL'stead concludes that shipping thin stock is bad economy. It fiurls a general saving of nearly one-half in feeding. It finds a surplus to begin the feeding operations of this season with of 4<52,000,GG,'j bushels more than in 1888,and the logic of its conclusions is that the surplus of old corn and the saving of the new mp.y bring down prices. If beef docs not rise fast to anise free demand for corn, it will suli for less. Germany has lifted tbc prohibition on pork from all countries but oui'S. Suppose our President looks a little into this, or suppose some Congressman offer a resolution of inquiry into the whys and wherefores of the situation. That's •what they are there 1'or. We once knew Senator Conkliu to take an active interest in his constituents who dealt in old junk. Has our hog no friends? Ninety per cent, of our oil cake goes abroad to keep good foreign soils. Nothing speaks so loudly against our intelligence as the selling of our llax seed meal. It is the one thing needed to make finished cattle, and finished cattle arc the one thing that pays just now. It is not generally understood how valuable oil meal is in a manure heap, for if it were nobody could buy n pound of it from us. The steer-feeder long ago discovered that he could not afford to husk corn. The meet maker feeds stalks and ear together, the dairyman feeds stalk and ear together. Conclusions are being arrived at. The meat maker of course relies on the hog to clean up undigested kernels. It is not settled whether the ear softened by 140 degrees of heat in the silo is all digested, but it is supposed to be nearly sumers #>ay' Just as if fawners ..got ful values. Longer feeding ^would hav brought the pigs to a full matured hog' rate, wMch is still below barreled porl rates. Time will bring the^ive hog and barreledjpork together also. The problems of feeding require prac tical demonstration. The scientist has not yet/devised ways to tflll what th animal •wiU like best nor just how na ture's labratory will report on differen feeds. Bat the scientist helps t-the practi cal farmersand actual results ;give him intutive knowledge that the scientist can pot have. J3oth working together reach conclusions/that .economise in feeding Many practical farmers become expert in their lines and make money, but their knowledge dies with them, because they do not or can not or will notttell the world what they know. The Illinois legislature will try to limit the charges at the Chicago stock yards. We hope it will succeed, but it hasibeen (tried often before and never anything [Came of it for tho fleeced shippers. What came of it for the legislators is not on record. There will bo a crying need-of reform until public sentiment compels public servants to stop such outrageous practices as obtaki there. People who wander what ails tbe farmers might find an answ.cr for themselves in any one of a dozen Chicago stealages. There will be uo peace until they stop. The resort of patriotic talk will not excuse the thief. Many people wonder how eastern farmers on poorer soils aud with higher land values and dearer grains can at all compete with us in the west, with better, cheaper soil and cheaper grass and grains. They do it by keeping a step ahead of us. All the corn is used for milk or meat making, either as corn fodder or in the shape of silage. That gives them a great leverage. Those of them who will not so economise must quit. Farmers in Iowa ivho use all economic experiments make nore money than eastern farmers do. The distance detwceu farmers' profits is very great. General information will jring incomes closer together as practices mprove and become more uniform. Assessors are now being instructed by he various boards of supervisors to value the different classes of property at about one-half their value. This is general—an mwritten law that is enforced in defiance of the statutes of the state that require j.roperty to be assessed at its actual value. This is generally conceded to be very wrong and to work mischief in many cases, but until more law is given by the tale the practice can not be stopped safe- y, because the limits set by the statutes or different levies are based on the theo- •y of half values. If all the property of he state was listed at full value, many of our taxing boards would assess still at full limit, and double taxation will be the result. If reform is to come in this' regard, the legislature must first cut the limit down one half, and then value must be at full ratio to realize enough money to conduct affairs. ical ft*fl naturM. The vice of t ie age 1 com tnercial vice, its remedies nust b aggressive virtue enlightened. Qui e negative virtue may get to Heaven, bu it cannot battle with the giants The farmer does not intend th tion of anarchy, but peaceful tion. He has not set out to cu but to gag and :bind organized Privilege is to vanish as canniba Man eats man through educated of vice revolu 'eforma throats mnditti s*a 1ms aste fo blood money. He*is to be taiight tin second moral preeept. What 6ode we setup? Not of Itwj as in th<j reign o Charles II, not of conquest |as in<the reign of Napoleon I, snot of science as in that Elizabeth, nor of bigotry tis in tha of James II, of England, but the people groan under privileges, favor, franchise, enjoyed by the few at the expense of the many. Our day witnesses wholesale com mercial thieving for want of sentiment to make and enforce law to stop it. It has become a burden. The people cry out. The remedy wHi only come through the education of man, in the rights of man will only coino from the common people straining in their fetters, learning lessons, learning to cope with the thieves of commerce. OTJKSTIOKS AJfSWKHEI). WIIKN TO STAY HElFESfl. AUIKGDON, IOWA, Jan. 20.—When is the proper time spay heifers and who is competent of performing the operation 'I We have written on this "subject repeat e<My, but as it is a vital matter to many farmers will still repeat the points. Spay n the spring between hay and grass time -in May. Get a competent specialist or skilled veterinarian and follow his instructions afterward. Keep the heifers out of storms, and exercise a little. Avoid 'xciting before _or after the operation, and have them twelve hours off ried. AVIiKN TO INV33ST. I The Pacific coast people are booming utili/.ed. The com crop is a fast learnin"'. economic disposal of a n'ne art that fanners are The new experiment force at the agricultural college has a man to deal with animal disease, one to study insects that Htmoy the fanners, one to study the parasites that annoy crops, one to study horti culture as applied to Iowa, one to anulyxe all Iowa foods for animals and their effect on milk production, and several to experiment with growing crops and feeding animals. Wo hear of many farmers who uow propose to send their children there to be educated. The discipline will l, c thorough.. The British people have been increasing their sheep stock, in the past two years, some 2,000,000. The people over there like good mutton and pay well for it. They look closely julo our markets and send us whatever they can nro duce cheapest. We can make mutton cheaper than they can, and when the press ent movement toward sheep, supplies the home demand, there is plenty of demand abroad, as few countries in Europe can make first-rate mutton as cheaply as we can. It will pay us to study foreign as well us home markets, as the best pro ductsof all kinds go to the best markets at home and abroad. It has beeu said that farmers who sold off young pigs at low rates made money by saving the feed. A bushel of corn makes ten pounds of pork under ordinary circumstances, and corn at 35 cents would make the cost price $3.00. The pig price lias been much less, and consequently has been sold nt a loss. Besides, the rush to sell depressed prices, barreled pork is above live pork prices, and coo-1 The British census shows that one-sixth of the arable land of that country is in wheat. This is suggestive to our farmers who contemplate rotation so as to keep the land good. It also shows that 233,000 acres are in vetches. This is a small grey pea. It is cut green for siloing, or in door feeding. It is often sown with oats, and cau be nut repeatedly on rich land. Corn is used by. our dairymen for feeding in dry Seasons, but vetches can be sown a month before corn can be planted, and used sooner. A small patch yields great amounts of green feed. The British census also shows a great decrease in the hay crop, 400,000 being cut last year. A careful watch on our farm movements will discover the same change. Our pastures need supplementing. The hay lot should be turned into pasture to a great extent. Iowa stocks would do much better if they had more grass. In fact, thousands wait for grass to grow when no growth takes place. It is much better for our soils of nil kinds to be well covered with grass. Hay cutting takes away from the soil; gra/ing improves it, although some dispute it. Nobody doubts it after plowiugovera good grass pasture for corn. Prof. Wylie, of the department of agriculture at Washiugton, lectured at Davenport, lately, on (lie sugar beet. He differs radically from what we have been reading on that subject in only one respect. He says the beets can be grown on most of the lands of our country, and we believe it. He calls timely attention to the new feature of farm work. Beet? require a good deal of hand work. He advises the soaking of the seeds in warm water twenty-four hours before planting, and also advises thick sowing. This we know from past experience in handling such crops. They must he thinned by hand, or partly so. A hoe can be used to some extent. Weeds must be kept down, but this should be anticipated by previous preparing of the land. Repeated plow- ings and harrowing* in the fall and spring will pay. Barnyard manure is said to be best, but as the beets must not be grown too large, care must be taken here. We think the best results will be had from pasture sod thoroughly pulverized. Hog manure, hen manure, ashes and bones are, we think, preferable to most ma uures. Avoid coarse manures if any is used, for we have drouths in Iowa that will dry out the plants on rough manures. The farmers' movement has given impulse to education. The spirits wko control are not the wild meu of-the-woods that some represent them to be. But the education partakes of toe spirit of the age, and is to be practical. Tfafo is log- igain. An inquiry into the worth of a boom may be of interest, that is '.o have jermanent value. The new lands, unset- led, have uo value except in the pj-ospec- ive. Iowa lands sold for $1.25 Jin acre hirty years ago. They settled u|», rail ways were built to reach markets *nd the ame lands now return interest on &30 an acre independent of houses or fences. Boomed localities in the extreme west lave just what value they will pa| inter- on when settled up and railways are built on them- Iowa people makemoney ind seek investment for it. iLar imounts seek the west, as western] iunds mvebeen paying property. The] good, eacly farming lands are taken up by set lers, and past experience shows thai poor, ry lands do not pay. The boomer has ailed attention to town lots, and much louey goes west to buy lots. Consider lie growth of our best Iowa townp, and hose that have not grown. Some corner nd business lots sell high, but how cau he investor of to day tell what lots on the Pacific coast will sell high thirty years heuce? Every Iowa farmer who invests in boomed town lots may depend on dis- apointment. Wo doubi if all the money in Iowa town lots has paid five per cent. The wisest and safest investment for the Iowa farmer who has saved something in a life time is the Iowa farm security. These are held mostly in the east by wise meu who know their vtlue. If you can not use your capital in your old age, buy Iowa lands or their security. Never enter a boom. and iflfluence. Debates still go on. A federal fudge there ia trying to punish the givers of rebates. There, Is law to do it by. ,1s there public sentiment to enforce ike law? Short-sighted people wonder why farmers revolt and join alliances and <voto independently. They have only g«en the begining of the kick- Ing that tn«st come If these stealings are not stopped*y the powers that be. The United Statas Senate languidly glanced at the villiany, and turned over to something more ipleasant. They got facts enough, butdid nothing. Now, one after another is being kicked out and the process will continue. The outraged producers who must sell to the Big Four, and the robbed consumers who must buy of them, have trusted this party man and that, to be disappointed by all. Ballots are dangerous things in men's hands who -sco their profits and livings go to such robbers and no efforts being made to stop it. Every year the screws get another turn. Every month we hear of another combine to farther squeeze the produces' who buys machinery, and consumer who buys' commoditities. If the lawmakers and judges keep their -ears closed much longer while scoundre)e>piUflge the people, notl«ng need surprise that happens. "Oppression makes wiseunen mad." The luiet, God-fearing, mad-loving formers all over the land are incensed and may be Hcpectccl to show it wherever it will tell. The brigands about Damascus arc petty Sieves compared with our highway rob- >ers at Chicago who manipulate railways mil farm products. The only history of these years that is worth writing is that vhich tells of great combinations to rob ndustry. Everybody who reads knows t and if our natural leaders and trained public men neglect to stop the thieves, knglo Saxon blood has still its old-time virility. Those who suffer most are least ble to stand it—poor producers and poor onsumers. They can not be expected to levise effective technical Jegal remedies, iut they may be depended upon to ag- tatc, to organize, to revolutionize pres- nt methods until they get remedies, ook about and see if you can sec, any igns. SOME LIVE STOCK MAN WHO CHANTS THE PRAISES OF THE CLEVELAND SAY. Only PMM Breed of Coach Howes la the World—The Oldest Breed In Eog. land Except the Thoroughbred—Alwayj Bay, with Black JPolntg—A Groan. Of all known breeds Cleveland bays combine more ^ good points and good characteristics in a manner to constitute a symmetrical and perfect whole than any other. They are the oldest race of horses in England except the thoroughbred, having beeen distinctly bred since the yeat 1600, consequently they are thoroughly established. Proof lies in their powei to reproduce themselves nearly every time, regardless of the color of the mare. They are the purest bred of the coacli horses—in fact, they are the only pure breed of coach horses in the world. They are always bays with black points, with little or no white. Their ability tc reproduce their color and characteristics makes them the most desirable of all the coach breeds for crossing with our na- itive mares, making beautiful matched pairs an easy thing to accomplish. Their docility makes them the fann- ers' general purpose horse, suited tc all Idnda of general farm work, driving and light saddle work. I know a Cleveland stallion that has beea owned by the same party for sis TOWN AND COUNTHY. We see comments upoa the decrease of population in many run! neighborhoods iu this and other states. Natural causes bring this about. An lovn township was settled by men who intend to make the farm their home for life and leave it to their children. At the same time settlers came from city vocations who only desire to make money by a rise ki land, sell out and move on. The real firmers stuck to their holdings and as theyprospered they bought out those that wisled to sell. As stock farming progressed it was entirely practical for one to manage two original farms. Again, many farmers' wives were town bred, and us soon as they could induce the good man to nove to town it was done, renting frequency to adjoining neighbors. Besides, the inprovernent of farm machinery enables cne man to do the work of several. Addid to this was the boom inducements <f the farther west that induced them t> sell out and move on. Natural causes vill tend to increase the population of ihe country in the future. Our farmers tre being educated, and educated farmec make livings on less land. The large 'arms will be divided among the children of old men as they lay aside the dutits of time and enter upon the glories of eternity. It was easy enough to add fltld to field at $10 an acre, but it is not s< easy for one heir of au estate to buy GUI the others at $40 au acre. And still, the townf must grow faster than the couitry, lecause diversified industry that is coming attaches to the town on the railvay for convenience. It is better for the faun that the town grows ahead of it. We sfill buy much that can be made in on- nii(|st. WHY m.SCONTK2-T? , The result of building up a fev great packers iu Chicago by railway reljates in the past and at present lias resulted in taking most of the stock of the Vest to that city. It is laid down in yuid where one bid is all the owner nets. Th profits of a do/.cn States go into the pootets of a few men who are making millidas that the millions should divide. T never saw such subserviency slaves or free people to the gtee tere. It is the one fell baleful OUK The REPUBLICAN and any one of the ournals named below will be sent to any ddress for one year at the following re- uccd rates: es MoincsRegister ... Iowa Capita) T9\va Homestead .Sioux City Journal Keokuk Uute city MarsIialHown Times-liei ubllean.'..'.' Oinalui Hue .' Chicago Journal Ghleago Inter-Ocean.... Prairie Farmer Western Kurol Orange.I mid Fanner.... Housekeeper National Tribune American Kcommii.st Scientific American. ... l.ilM'incott's Majja/.iiu . Demorest's Muua/ine ... Harper's Weekly " Haznr " Magazine " Yonns People Oocley's Lady's Book Home Market Bulletin.. . l?2 00 . 2 00 . '2 40 . 2 ,'!0 . 2 80 . '2 in . 2 ;« . 2 no 2 '2r> . 2 a". . 2 8/i . 2 25 . 2 1C . 2 40 . 2 55 . 4 03 . 4 (15 . 3 05 . 4 75 . 4 75 . 4 55 . .3 05 I! 05 1 75 These rates are given for a limited period and will be subject to revision from *!,«/> tr, ti,v, n Ti,i n j s only a partial list. time. This Subscribe now. Organs. L. Lessiug has several styles of organs which he will sell at low figures. Also sewing machines on good terms and cheap. 47-tf I'niuily Medicines. These medicines are daily gaining greater popularity, and the steadily increasing demand for them can only be accounted for by their true merit. They arn prepared with the utmost care,aud each medicine is put up for a particular disease. Every bottle is guaranteed to do all that is claimed for it on the label,so that no one who buys a bottle of Bcggs' Family Medi- nines can be de disappointed. Sold by F. W- Dingley. 10 23 Fancy Honey Table Syrup at 30c a Gal. at W. F. Carter's. Our friends should give DeWitt's cough aud consumption cure a trial. No disappointment follows the use of this reliable medicine, aud it merits the praise received from all who use it. Sold by Shectz. Remnants cheap, at Galbraith's. l-'OHTUNATK TUE LONDON TIMES says— and all lawyers know it to be true— that the more than half a billion dollars of unclaimed fortunes in England Ireland Scotland aud Wales belong to people in America whose forefathers emigrated from the old country. There are also large fortunes of the same class in Germany and other European countries. We. have gained a number of such claims and have several in hand now which we expect to gain. If your ancestors came from across the sea write us all you know about it and inclose 25c for a reply. We charge nothing for investigating and if you have a good claim we will attend to it on very reasonable terms. E. Ross, EuitopjiAN CLAIMS AGKNCV, 13 19 59 Pearl St., New York, N. Y. Milwaukee Brick Parmason Fine Apple and Full Cream Cheese at \V. F. Carter's. We sell more of DeWitt's Little Early Risers than any other pills their action is easy, do not gripe or cause pain, are the best regulator of the liver, stomach and Dowels.— L. A. Sheetz. years and only failed to produce a bay colt once. The Cleveland bays are 10 to 10} hands high, weighing from 1,300 to 1.50C pounds. They have fine heads, full, bright eyes, long, arched necks, oblique shoulders, deep chests, short backs, long quarters, strong, cordy legs almost devoid of hair, and havo good feet. They are possessed of grand, lofty carriage and superb action, with heads well carried, and every appearance denotes activity and strength combined in a manner not found in other breeds. The origin of the Cleveland bay is involved in a cloud of obscurity, but history tells us they originated in Cleveland, Yorkshire, England. Various theorists tell us they are a progressive admixture of blood of the racehorse bred upon the native mares of the district ol Cleveland, while others say they are a remnant of the old Roman war horse. For generations the Cleveland bay has been looked upon as pure bred. The Cleveland bay, crossed on our native Black Morgan, or trotting bred mares, is the most desirable of our native crosses for raising carriage or coach horses. We have known them crossed on Hambletonian mares that could trot in 2:45. At present, when almost every one is raising some kind of heavy draft horse or other, there ia a big opening for general purpose and coach horses, and well mated good coach or carriage teams outsell all others.—E. V. K. Hopkins in Western Agriculturist. The Emlvloii Goose. During the Christinas holidays is the best time to market geese. These fowls can be made very profitable by the farmer who lias some poor land that he can afford to spare for a goose pasture. One thing in favor of the goose is that it can A «oocl 5Oc. Tea marked down to 4Oc. at W. F. Carter's. A Couyli Syrup That Can JJe UelJfil Upon. Beggs'Cherry Cough Syrup gives won dtrful satisfaction wherever it is tried. It allays irritation of the throat and bronchial tubes, makes expectoration easy, and relieves all soreness of the luugs aud :hest. Every bottle is warranted to give latisfaction. Price 25c, 50c, and $1 per jottle. The large bottles are cheapest. Sold by F. W. Diugley. 10 38 Fine quality Oolong Tea only 50c. at W. P. Carter's. Vour cough will not last all winter: You will not be kept awake " ~ ! ~ l grows world either f IBSf- uueuci' j power' jwwpttojB cure, •^&&M Sold by Df- E1IBDEN GOOSE. be reared with perfect success out ot water as well as in. Plenty of water to drink, with or without a pond to dabble in, will be sufficient for them. The farmer of course cannot go in for fancy fowl breeding. He will, therefore, select the kind of goose that will bring in most profit as a meat and feather producer. Two breeds will be found useful for these purposes, the Toulouse and theEmbden. The Toulouse is the larger, a pair sometimes weighing sixty pounds, while fifty-four pounds is as large a record as a pair of Enibden geese often make. I. K. Felch is of opinion, however, that the Embden goose is rather hardier and will stand rougher usage than the Toulouse, while the Toulouse will repay high feeding aud careful treatment with greater growth. Certain it is that the Einbden goose is at present both popular and profitable. Embdens are always pure woite in color. The downy feathers next the skin have a lemon color when the birds are fat and in good condition. This comes from their oily skins. Geese do not reach maturity under a year old, but if they have a good grazing field they will need little other feed till time to fatten them for Christmas. Three weeks before marketing shut the geese up to fatten in a place dimly lighted. Give them water to drink, and beef scraps, corn aud corn meal, barley meal and chopped celery for food, all they will eat. The celery permeates the meat with sm exquisite flavor. After they have been fed thua in confinement for three weeks let them have access to a pond outdoors for a day or two. Then, says Felch, "return them to their clejui quarters, feed them on barley meal and milk and chopped celery two or three days, letting them go without food twenty-four hours before killing. and you will have a goose fit for % Do not do anything with your stock that involves «a outlay of you uan see direct result^ j liv« FOWL FAIRY STORIES. Prom Typewriting and Invatfdlam *• Chicken Raising and ttentth. In its fowl reports of the fat stock show in that city The Tribune, of Chicago, tells the following fairy stories: Another plucky girl was a typewritet in New York until her health broka down and her nerves refused any longer * to bear the clatter of her machine. She was not of the kind who despair, and so promptly exchanged her "Remington" for an incubator—there are usually people who have incubators and want typewriters instead ready waiting for the people who, having typewriters, long for incubators—hired a • sandy patch of a farm out on Long Island, and went to work at all the different branches of the "chicken business." It is far better, if one can do so, to choose one of those paths and keep to it, but she had little capital and was obliged at first to earn money in any way that offered itself. She bought eggs which she knew were fresh from less canny fanners in her neighborhood, scoured them, stamped them with the name of her farm and sold them in New York at Christmas f or CO cents a dozen, and all the year for prices which well rewarded her. She bought scraggy young chickens at 15 cents and sold them, "fat and fair," for 75. She raised Pekin ducks, which are profitable creatures. She raised pug puppies, too, keeping them and her brooders of chicklings and ducklings all in the same big warm room, where the latter were protected by wire "rims" from being devoured by the former. As time went on she gave her attention more especially to the clucks, sending "green peas" ducklings to the insatiable New York restaurants. They were the drollest little things during their short lives, coming into the world on a broad grin, and keeping it up through infancy, as if laughing at the thought of bow queerly they mice were rolled up in their shells like so many balls of tape. That farmer forgot her nerves, and grew rosy and serene at her work, which, though bard enough, she found full of interest. Incubators are almost essential to chicken farmers nowadays. Even if one is not going to do anything on a grand scale, it is a much simpler way to start one's machine at its winter work than to wait impatiently till willful "biddies" decide to sit, and then to induce them to take the nests one has made ready for them, and then, too, too often to weep over the precious eggs which they have deserted. Still, though better than bens, incubators are "kittle cattle." The number of dreadful things that may happen to- them is amazing. The thermometers in most of them are marked across the degree at which the temperature must be kept, and the damage that will be done by a rise or fall depends on how far the mercury wanders from that magical mark. "Self regulators" only regulate- themselves when everything is made easy for them. Unless the machinery is- in perfect order the ventilators will not act, and then the eggs are chilled or- baked, as the case may be. That is bad. enough if they have been lately put in, but is more deeply depressing if they have been "tested" — that is, looked, through, and bave been found to contain, living embryos, various compounds of spider and cuttlefisb, waving hideous, arms as they dance about in the egg. A business man in town who took delight in caring for the chickens on his. country place went to his train one morning, leaving COO eggs in an incubator in his cellar. It was the, day they were due to hatch, and most of the shells, were "starred." That technical term means chipped in a star shape, and that is a sign of a small beak having broken, through as the chick uncoils itself. AU day that business man had dreams of hundreds of dear little puff balls which, ho would see at niyht. But his cook took, a fancy to sweep the cellar that morning. Her apron string "caught on a jigger," she said, "and it slipped off another jigger." In short, the thermostutic bar was disconnected from the ventilating valves, Abe thermometer rose to unknown heights, and the puffballs never appeared. A poultry fanner whom the writer knows in the most intimate way had, once upon a time, a clumsy old incubator. There was a reel on it, which was to be wound with a great deal of sewing Bilk every alternate day. It is easy to forget what is only to be done every other day, and one morning that farmer found the reel all unwound, its leaden weight lying on the floor and the thermometer not quite 200 degs. And the cooked eggs in the machine were all Houdan eggs, not only from pure bred Houdans, but from the biggest crested, the darkest, the most fashionable Hou- dans of all she had. Points of Interest. Note from The Montana Farming and Live Stock Journal: Col. Pitts, the renowned broncho buster, has gone to Chicago, says the Gleudive paper, in charge of a train load of cattle. On his way back he will stop iu Bismarck and break 100 colts for Capt. Cotton, and when the grass is green again we will see the colonel's smiling countenance on the hurricane deck of the wild and woolly broncho, The disease called "blackleg" has attacked the cuttle in Eldredge township, Ills. A number of fine animals have died, and it is feared the disease will spread. At tv stock conference held in Melbourne, Australia, i\ resolution was adopted requesting the different governments to quarantine for two weeks all horses imported into the colonies. This resolution is intended to guard against the introduction of equine diseases. South Australia and Tasmania havp already taken government action ia accordance with this resolution, and other colonies will follow. At the agricultural station of Massachusetts experiments have been conducted to test the profit in feeding laiubg winter rations, it w*» found that "tha t is i.u close mfete to the v(4qe tf Aitio& 9lewwtoi*til»wvam" *• * A - ~&t&*f*. ;4*'