The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on January 28, 1891 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 28, 1891
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Fan and Stock-Yard. .T.VMKS WILSON, Killtor. (Irtoas are soUHtml from our fsvnmir venders, [tileries will tin iiiiswciTtl. Address to the Kit- itov, tliiiuos Wilson, Tr.'iiT, Io\v:i.) , IOWA, Jan. 28, 1891. TlMTe ;iie Uiree WMV-: in uiiif!) nutiens nn- (iiii'o \ve;i!lii. I'"i]'si. l>y conquest, uliich is robbery. sfccniil. bv I'dinnn'rcc, which is usii- iilly swini'liim, thinl. by iifrrKMiltiivf', wliii'li is tin 1 true ami iii'iiiripid snuri'c wealth,— -I !en.|;i nilii Km nl; 1 1 ii. of national 1'rof. Snow, of Kansas, puts diseased chin l/. bugs among healthy ones and spreads the disease. Tli" farmers of Jnwa eueeeed admirably in doing their own insurance business. Oilier d.-isse- 1 u™. preparing lo do likewise, and point In tho farmers' example. Prices follow the volume of crops, other thin ITS not interfering. The great corn crop ISs'i' caused more hogs to bo bred, and the i-liori crop of U ; :M) caused unusual selling. _ Final siniisties from the, department of agriculture for the your I.S!!0 makes the shortage in wheat about equal to our previous y ears' export, and makes our corn ab nil ;; 1 ivo thirds crop. So i !,o iiiirvesler combine could not sell its cer'i'lcaicis ivc.'iiiM 1 of Ihe antitrust hiwK I f the hi 1 - 1 .- in tliis ease is not a. school master to bring rascals to sal vation. it thunders'oiul e:n: them I'mm robbing Ihe farmers. to terrify Eastern men. that in cireulniiori and I drive i'!l the uohl true, Western men m more; attentively i'M.'Ve of silver (ilies- !• :!;i1hered in the Kt. slop'.' \\'e read ihiit. (>.">.000 miles of r.-.ih If tin: from -.' won].! ure. trusts or awl gainst cheese Ih- 1 !, t'ie Y/iseonsin ex .--laticn \viil t>'st tliii matter this i"'i?v ll.'i 1 Mtor! '''nurse in :M;"ri<'i;It- 'A h'-re help for ir.ilkin:; 1 is scarce, put, two e.'iives on the t::>ore.-'t milk; rs and -live he good mt i e :;v froai good sires that ii. This is |:r;ic:iciii on farms rass is abui-.daiit, and hel;> scarce. iCCfi '. Wh'.Tl \\"e while food pro-lii."',- 1 . ;,!),! v, r buv so mi'.ch of her sheep products. Wo are on ]>l;iii;o's side, Whilo wo e;:re !e,s about the seals thiit the upper ten, tiian we _• eat Ilia;, would eiiisses, if (iiero were Late maturity of stock is justifiable where rough, cheap feed is to he consumed. A little grain and cheap hay or corn stalks, where they are not cut green or where they are ripe before cutting, will winter our stock and bring them to grass in growing condition. This utilizes everything, and stock matures cheaply and returns some profit. Early maturity re- yuires different m/iiiiigcmcnt. The breeding must be iirst rate, tho keeping must be choice, growth must be continuous and good, and the top prices hn.d. Farmers are situated differently. As pastures improve, curly maturily will be possible at less expense. Good shelter helps early maturity. Well saved clover hay assists il, and continuous use of good sires grades up toward it. It, is not. practical to attempt early maturity wilh native f.tock and poor surroundings. We can all work toward it and graduate into the higher grades of fanning. We all know that better crops will grow after clover than anything else, but it is no!, decided whether clover gets its nitrogen from the air or manufactures it, by its own chemical labralory, or by combi nation of hoih. Good culture assures good crops, and we have no doubt that the good farmer gets from the iJr what hi.-; less industrious or intelligent neigh bor lels go \ititii him. Corn that, is ctilli vaieil eaily grows much fesier than corn over the fence that, is not cultivated fill a later date. Grass grows better in a pasture not, eaten bare than in one closely cropped. Orops of all kinds llourish on well drained land, while they do not thrive on saturated la::<l. Tin; elements in the air are (roe to a!i, but not uiilix.cil alike by all. Our planet loses nothing by tho changes brought, aliout by crop grow ing. but the careless fail loget their share. Tho properly managed farm grows richer, and those badly managed grow poorer. .Naiine provides crude materials in plenty and if wo get, our shave we must study her moods. She is capricious and exacting, and smiles on tho fanner \\-Jio courts Wo must, give more attention to tho ma mire pili'. Fertility comes from ii. A largo per cesit. of the grains fed go to it, and grains make the best, manure. Feeders lose much in the manure 1 pile that is not applied to Ihe land before it, loaches and heats. There is some dispute about, ho'.v i.o best, apply manure. Plowing il combines to time that get rebates, biff milage for private cars, and oilier exclusive favors. The courts, tho grand juries, the inter-state commission and the people can go direct to this combination and learn its ways and methods. We have no wish to see railways rendered unprofitable, but practices prevalent that have built up trusts must stop. It would bo well for (his power, if it wants peace, to be very prompt in dealing out exact justice lo all shippers and shut off all favors to great concerns like the beef trust, omnipotent because il, gets such mileage for its private car« as to defy competition. Every student of trans porlation knows that, great combinations reduce expenses in carrying as well as manufacturing or producing. We arc not opposed lo economy in carrying. Il, is also well known that greal,'Combinations usually exact and appress. We have been looking for just what has come, and do not dread it now, as (he people never were so alert regarding their interests. The men at the head of this far-reaching railway mileage, are the ablest managers in tin; world. It will greatly become the ablest lawyers in the land, place upon ; .the case the eyes of the continent, and 1 .justice will come, if it.so must, like pull- i ing a cat across tho carpet by the tail. r T-VTTI Lil\ & fHT TTM AT UULUMIY. THE NEWSPAPER ARTIST'S IDEAL OF A FINE FAT HOG. Animals Exhibited at the Chicago Fat Stool: Show — Berkshire That Wore Tubs of t,im1—Hereforils, JKivoiiH and Hot sto lii-Frles! mis. A corjs'ruy Ai,r Much is heard of alliances, but perhaps \ it may be interesting to some of our read ers to hear of the manner in which country alliances are conducted. The farmers live away from town and hold meetings in the farm houses. They meet aliout j The Chicago fat stock show was very ten o'clock in winter, men, women and ', successful this season, drawing large enough children to put, everybody in a crowds of visitors. Some of the animals smiling humor at once. The house is exhibited wero so fat as to be !i.pi«in-'n(:1y thrown open and the families Hoop in', nothing bnt masses of tallow, in case of ,, .. , 1,1 tho hogs "pig's tallow," as onr Britmh U roe tings are exchanged, turns taken friendsVvill it near the stove till all are wormed up, dur ing which time tho folks are inquired after. Formal business is transacted un- littlo pug noso has almost disappeared til noon, a good time had by the men in may bo seen from the accompanying il- groups, and the women in groups, with the children marching at will. The din i ner is ready—a fanners' feast that would ' do credit to city caterers, is spread—the i girls helping the good wife of tho house, j and a jolly good time is had. The wily and humorists give play to their peculi Tho Berkshire was u favorite hog. How ho looks when he is F;O fat that hia Oonr.-ress to look sharply after them. | nrities during the dinner. This over, the The eommitlee on railways, of Congress, should regularly call before them the superintendent, and gel, a full account of all operation® otherwise! suspicion will attach, human nal.urc will be the same as it lias been in great combinations, and ex- president calls the alliance to order. The subject for discussion is slated, order is had, and the speakers selected at, the previous meeting take the iloor in turn. Essays are read by men and women bear ing upon the subject, under discussion, ael and commotion wiil follow, If the | fl - li;| s are slated, Jaw rehearsed, prcced wise tiiey will run ents and history rclerrod to bunriny upon PAT JIOCIS. lustration, which v/o copy from the Chicago Tribune. It represents v/cll the average newspaper artist's idea, of i'.it swine. Thc , u . !;ii . t h , u , ev i,- u .i,tiy let his imn- manager; roads by general rules that, will bear ! fl 'o question, whatever it is. Those who nation run to poo!rv here. evenly on all, and be content, with fair get their estimates of the intelligence of. Thc Berkshire was uuo of the favorite returns. Otherwise they will have trouble. Gould is not, Caesar's wife. A project is on foot in Philadelphia to build 11 beef packing house of large dimensions to buy extensively and supply .Eastern cities. It is well known that handling meats is the most profitable business in America. 'The profits of a million producers and the, exactions from teii times as many consumers make the greatest fortunes amassed in the Republic every year. If no steps are taken to stop rebates on railroads, the project will fail. ft, will be pressed out of profitable work or sell to the present monopoly or combine. Judge Oresham has taken the iirst step toward relief in his court in Chicago. The usual resort of refusing to answer lest, the testimony criminate the witness the Iowa farmers from the jokes about breeds at the 1 fat nixick show. Others old hay seed grangers that they Jind in the funny columns of newspapers, would change their opinions if they would at, lend one of the country alliances. The were represented by pens of Poland IS THERE A HONEY PLANT? average Iowa, farmer isja well read man. tor White, Yorkr~hj.ro, Tamworth and Victoria hogs. Qneen Victoria may feel honored to Ir'.vo a brood of hogs named iiftor her exhibited in America, Tho He takes a dozen newspapers, a nmga. premium barrow between «:•:and twelve y.ine, has a library of standard books, and months was.a Chester White, is well informed on all public questions.. Among fat beeves tho preference in Tho alliance is taming down men who are breeds ran to Horefords and Devous. too radical, and waking up those, who are Somo Holstein-Friesians wero also too heedless. Sentiment is directed, and opinions formed on a basis of justices to all classes. Taxation, transportation, social economy, banking and currency, the trend of public affairs, the behavior of public men, and farming in all its de shown. Tho method adopted for deciding on the premium animals wa.3 that known as the single expert ;j ndga system. Fuluro Prospects for Truttors. There is much solicitude abont tho fnrmer has time j has been taken. The federal staluies Busv if, is p/'rii•!]>.-; as good as any way. il out ai'te corn planting and ::hp]y it to (he. parture;-. Tin; iige of lr- :i ns and stables has come and i; can he spri ter. rine r,. mils come from winter ma- nuring. The old phiji of milking a ma protect a witness against the use of his testimony given under such eircumslan- ee.s and lying will be I lie ne.\l resort. There is absolutely no hope of relief piirl.mcnts are discussed. The farmer who future prices of tho (rotter. Hitherto it expects the alliance slicks up the farm, ™ obvious that tho prices of trotting lakes a pride in his home, his farm and stoclc have been out of ^proportion to its his stock, has his soul enlarged by his neighbors' visit, and the solitude of farm isolation is broken up. Tho alliance one of the safeguards, of society. fill way to apply ^-.aiiuro. Horse manure will -poil itseli if iri't to heat. Coarse manure wiil d in the spring, prevent its decomposition. Yv'e would rather spread coarse manure over a pas ture th.-.!i i'lppiy il. 10 plowed hind in the .t'eetiing for the .- ake of having s no! a prominent question It will be. Profits are to com.-; i'rom the extra good crops, and weil :.'iire (hem.. Of course ;• much of his lYrai in manure, but lie can :!.-: and keep tlrj farm wo give the hay lots .'ol fodders from Ihe and carefully applly i'. over pastures in \viii |-,. OIU ,j ;e t . x:! , ; t j ol;s o f the meat combines if the law is not enforced against ;d! favoritism on the highways of commerce. V.'en: it clearly understood ilia! no re- hates dare be given, that owners of pvi v;;ln cars gut only si:ch rates for (heir use as put them on absolute equality with competitors, competition in the meat business would spring up in a month. There i.-> plenty <:f money and skill and enterprise i:i (he country to reach for part, of the profits of meat handling, and give ;i share to the producer ;:nd be more moderate with ilie consumer. This outrageous feature of our commerce reaches two classes that are indignant at neglect just now, the producer?! ami consumers. They see the fruit?, of their labor go to enrich a few grasping middlemen that come between them. They 'feel the wei.'rht of taxation direct- and indirect, u; !>eii< ;• Mian m;.uy are now pavinv. 1 . The sale of ;:r;iin will lie controlled by il-, I'alue, ;;., manure when led on ihe iV.rin, and we will !n.-,ital;- to make, richer other maiiiire heaps bv selliiur them or not, than lo push development, few of tin; benefits of which reach them, ll'fiov. Doles had | [|'^^ 1UU1 ; !<!d llu: ^*\>™* heifer to struck a telling blow in this regard for ' ' lc "'''' • l " M ' 1 ' 1 llu 1 ; people lie. .-poke for on UK; occasion that has given rise lo so much criticisJii, every lial.in Iowa would hi.vc been Ihrowfi up for him. We need men at Hie head ip)ie(! maIMI;•(•>: y-. iur;iU'i' can cov any one yar \viti) teru is well men are desert. how cau the {here 1 .' \\ilh Salman ei-.use of Thi-- bein established (.'oii.iaieu; m::.-!. !<" ".nservee iliat '-pi-end by germs, :eriii, -c-.irlcl fever, iind niii:.'t (iuar;i;itii)e ami :.lia insini.ee', waen eeo::;e iis r.'il'O US the in a;:neu meets the They have also established a.short course without examination tition, while, rebales iiorli | fac.t:; regiin.liiig them, he attentioii of Stut and i;;ilio:;a! ulli- eh-elic.il oi' anci-s mus.t be called 1.:) tli-i-,, committees, Ii- j-:,'t *'S to ;;:/ I'i l ].,XI!J,IMI1 MKT11ODS. U : e have the following note i'rom an English gentleman: FAUI.KV, IO\VA, January 7.—I send you an English newspaper so (hat, you can sec how they do tilings over I here as re gards beef. You will see the heifers are at the front for beef, and good welhert earning capacity upon the track. These prices have- been largely regulated by tho demand for breeding purposes. is Stallions havo brought largo prices because they could command largo service fees, and thus enable their owners to obtain good returns 0:1 their investment. Brood mares have been i-jld for good prices because their produce by good horses would bring remunerative prices for breading yurpo:-^. li i;.: ;i~ plain proposition that this condition of affairs cannot last always. When the breeding farms of the for mutton, and not, so much hog. More i ; country are fully stocked, and this is m-iimum.aminoiso mucu nog. More i on] ,, Ho]1 of time, ti-ottin-f horses uieep and less hog would be belter --n -, • L -, ,, . ,-, • 'or this country, I think. I agree with ! ^iil tlepreclatouiiless tbero is something •on that heifer beef is far bettor, snared I beallies the demand tor brooding stock pound spare steers. The ^ OL 'P them tip. Tho increasing popn- English markets prove this to-day. I ! larity of trotting races in foreign c think your talk to the: farmers of Iowa j tries, and tho demand necessarily Tiiy fniher, when I was a baby sixty years ago, had all his heifers for graxers spayed, fatted and sold at top prices. i Respectfully, WILLIAM HATCH. This note has peculiar value. It,shows that spaying heifer:; designed for beef has been followed for many years and that such beef sells at the top whore il. has been practiced. Our people, can fol- of ail'iurs of his ability to eull the courts lo a reckoning, to 'point, out. whore they ("All protect labor in lield and shop. Agitation has extorted law from the legis la'iiirc, but if the courts fivil us the Big Four (,;;n go on Jixnig the j.irices i'or the ia Agriculture for the heiielil of farmers producers and COIIMIUHTS, defying compe favor.-; and big mileage i'or private car,-; continue. If the courts falter t.nd fail us now, our chains <;t i: ,";,!. ;.;:: xi, «,• ST. Tho Ri-:rn:i,irAX and any one of the journals named be-low will ho sent to any address i'or one year at the following reduced rates: iov.'a CiipiliU .'. .. Xaiional .. until tin- people tuke Auier:i'.:,u KI-..I ai (Iliiiiliii lire radical action than we have languidly v.'eut. to sleep cploro radical i-'armers do not. \Vt-eI-'!'.'. . i;;i/.:il-.'.. MiUii.-.ili': Viiliii: 1 . 1 i'i eu- suiiig for breeding stock in these- countries, will servo to keep prices up for some li:.:'.o tii't'er the hojiiamr.rl^c'l; is fully supplied. Brit even, tho foreign doni-rud will noce&iU'ily have a limit. — New YorkEe.iT.ld. ____ Tho Slieoji :» Crei'.ifor. It has boon said by KOIUO writer that the sheep never die:; iu doibt to its OAVII- er. This is truo tho world over. The wool upon it.-i b;ick v.'iTl p;iy tho o:-:p:.sist} of keeping th;; nheop. Tho EOiirc;. 1 -; of profit't'.re. greater Hum in any other la:;d of .stock, iu that -it yield:! its oik-pring, wool and il. •-:li. As a gleaner and c-radi- cator of noxious woods th".t gvov, r upon almost every farm it has no equal. Tlicru aro many weeds no other animal will touch that are eagerly sought by the sheep. This pauper does not got tho praise, and attention it is entitled to by our farmers, as the many farms will attest where tho sluvn ;;ro not found. When wo look at tho value of thy wool i:;iporti} into America wo slumld readily d;:-Lvri! that the- sheep is Kadly needed to supply a home demand for their product. Wo predict that tho now census will disclose tho fact that tho number of .sheep has decreased, iu tho United State.-;, and in.sti-ad of the- !)•"}. 1)00, u!;i> in Iti'Ji) that will probably bo lo:- 1 -:-;. Wo hops? there may bo lO'O.OOO.UOO; there should bo, and when thero is that mimbor there v. ill o]ieu j iippi-inled to get facts, bring suit, employ Subscribe, now. ail liie good families in ' Vsn ;)(•<:•••:., Tlies.- rates are given for a limited po- liod and will be subject to revision from time lo time. This [•• only u partial list. will bo greater prosperity among f armor;'. — Field and Farm. tho it, ('. !Jhvckrovd, arc i;io- iiy J.iili- iilX- o;; -. hut l:, It. l!, V.'Ollhl I 1 .: chv - w..)i:ld w!::;t l!.e couu;i low wi.'i .-•!/.'.' ;; fotil'.il :: i 1 !'; ed < when ohl ;-ge Migge--!-- Tliis class of farmer.:,' i ed for their life work. no fathers' farm to manage wiil lie iltied i I'or work in many directions, that coin j mand goo;! ,-ahries. ^ A dairy school will 1 lie established \viih acompeleiil instuctor i a.-; ?oui) as a bii'jiiing </aU be cixcled. | Kxperiiiienl:.; ;it. iho --'.atinn will lie cou- j dueled for fanners '.•.•,•. uer;il!y, aiiil i'or the ! cduciitioa of the -,!;:.i'.-nts ill, Oii'r-.-hM's—Anihroi-.c A.-l'.i!l, ]>. II. ilutchins, .1. €. jiluc-Ufuril, V.'iu. Iv. !;. U iiii-luiis, i'iiilit) Iltirwi Her, .'.. If. i'hiri.r. M. Z. GROVE. LIVERY, FEED, AND SAL.I JOHN GROVE QT )( J :-;f o] t'Loi'Hcx filtd \Vc.-i <ii TlKinnytua iiun.se. < - t.'ibiisi.a.'eiit of ;:. dairy :-,eiiou! ; 'icul I i:i';il e.'!ie;'i; \\ill give ncv,' ii i!;iiry bu. in...-••! in the Htute. 'i'! '.('•••0 pound.-, of Ir.ilter r,i:id>j in [,•:: al! be lil'st rate, but while /nine - :i pouii:!, ivuu h i.!' il will result i:: J--V i. home, in more \> /is, i'.ioro alli.ni 101 all', lo t!r.- piislure ;-"),"o;) miles .if ral'.vay iti'o iu one C'.MII- iiti'in liii'ectcd ii\ one iiiiiid-—sub.-.-ta:i- lly half tin.- ciirrying forec of Ihe Ke- •)/ i if' V. a | li:!' rest will l,e ia the mine coiniiinul ion. • ..!' j'"I i:is hiniplilii.-:i niutier.-. Kales ;ire to' )' i 1 unil't.'im for freight.: i'.ml [ia~.-ei):j;er<. an -v, :• | Miould be. The pui-!ic will Imve an in- uii! j tc-J-c.-jl ill What ihe Kite.; \vill Ije. This is '.-) I ilio g-roiiles 1 . combination the world ever knew. If the rules go up, contention will fodder liek's, to general pru^pfriiy, lo a j begin at once. The roads have been pay- people vho etui make butter and chee-.e ing well, and a general increase will not cheaper aud better than others can. j be tolerated. We sec a way to bring the IV1. Z. GROVE, MANAGER. i ID AV von t t (ft Y~ i'i 'f; vl It U ,*' --TO GALL AT 1 IF YOU ARE IN NEED OF FT. .e:i,jn-y i:i Poultry. Fanaor.-; overywiieiv ureuwukeimig to tho fact that raising poultry is ;i branch of' farming that pays, bat has '.von aog- loctnil. Othi i- bran'.-iio:; nro paying so poorly that they Beo ihe- noce.vihy e>f doing .something to increase thc/ir iv-venue. They will liiui poultry ;uid eggs a 'branch that always L.-iug.s ready monoy. Tho popiilatioii oi; our country i;j increasing at such a rapid r;;tothat the demand for eggs alui'i- eainiui; IK; ^applied by homo proch'.e'iio'i, ;.,;L'.i i.uiilic;:;; have- lo l>o brought I: 1 *., a i'oi'.;igu countries. C.j,i:-e- inu-nily ih.-.'v v,-i!l jjhvay.s b« ;: (K-m.-uid ! or i'.ll \w ..-:i!i iii - udiu:u, wild t:;.i.;.; \viio h.iYo .: ...];e;- i d their Iv-u.-i t-h,iuld give thi 1 ;.:. : r .- -'iie'- i.:h,a:^!it airl t i'ti'ii iiieii' J.''ir!d "j r>-"i~' s Oi "r 1 / v'ooju in tiiu future. t-; at a vu- is Over-So is High Prices for Stoves 1 have a full line of Cooks and lie...-M, among which Is the celebrated ROUND OAK, standing at the head of the soft coal burners. 1 shall meet all competition, meal i.-; e two i'ood may bij ton Ji)e-:;l. col selling at bottom prices. Take oue. G. M. HOWA11P, .j]i a.'.l to a ration of any other .'.uii , but u cheaper ration jiirouundod of ailugo and cot- Tiii- 1 , slla^ 1 ,-;, cotton hulls and l is the bust. Dry conj AxiJi-r i:s not as good as tikigo. Corn and hay alone- i,-j nn.,ro cofctly and slower in f at- toning than cotton seed and tillage. Tho wasto from cattle fed hay, corn, silage uud raw cotton is more than from silage, cottonseed nieal aud bulls,— Trying to I? in ft Ono at t,l»o Michigan Agricultural IlVxporlinciit 8(,al;ion, Professor A. J. Cook has boon experimenting vvith tbreo RO called honey plants, in tho hope that ho might find something 1 that conhl bo relied on year after year to furnish boo nectar. Tho threo plants wero tho Cleomo integrifo- lia, of Rocky mountain honey plant, the Echinops spheroccph;iliia or Chapman honey plant, and a foreign mint of tho genus Melissa.. Tho boo;; visited tho echinopif freely and obtained considerable honey, just at; i'lio timo of year when other blossom;-; \voro i;carco. But tho plant does not bloom until tho second year, imd.sood nv-st-. bo planed every year. Even this \votild not bo HO dis- !'d l:'::y l';iil j;o ger- i-.idii) I'-Mvon fail- it %>iiii l.ho echi- i 'il. 't'lio cloomo must; bo planted in fuuuuin. .Professor (.look obtained .souio of ife fresh from Colorado and planted it;, Ho found it conrng'ing, but tlto ;•• minato at any 1ii:'. n ure. So tho cxpori.: did- come up well in Michi- v/as jjiaut- other upon Cook says: 'vVe planted; tfc ('lid well, \ i.-iu;d very 'I'ONV;-; \Voil Oil other t all n. So gan, tliou;;!). fioaio of it od upon sandy soil nnd clay ground. Again, tho ilowen-i did not i;ocvoto nectar, and tho bo;jtj worked on them only occasionally. Tho cloomo also was a disappointment. Of tho uft'lissa Profes/ov Tho iueliss;i is an ann 1 ;;; 1 ,!. it for two ;-:t".e'co; ; ;;;ivo j-v::".-;. blossomod tre-oly and v, 1 ;;:; y.sioi'ally by tho boos. I!; j both , l -;a2id and clay, ;r.:d by fkr.ving early will couimonco to blooiii o;iviy in July md continue to bloom i'or n month or ;uoro. I regret to way that it will not self seed, and must bo planted annually. This in expensive, and it is doubtful if it will pay. It ia to be said, howcvoi 1 , that melissu, in common with tho mints, seems to attract tho bees times of bloom, whatever tho-isoas J. am of tho opinion that if any T^MIL" will pay exclusively as a honey plant ic will bo some mint. Many of those avo perennial. As tho throe acres of iMoiissa last season was singing with bee's all through the time of blossoming, and .as our bees swarmed, in early August, a thing un- pivccdented in Michigan, it givo.j reason to hope that with a largo average we might secure a honey crop each your despite tho season. Tims I believe our cxperimenta indicate that special planting for honey nlone is of doubtful practicability; that echinops and cloomo, at least, are not tho plants for such special planting if it is ever to bo a success, and that whilo molissa or boo balm is not profitable, as it is an annual, it is possiblo that the perennial mints aro tho plants, if any such there be, that will pay ir-5 to grow exclusively as honey plants. Unless cleomo will seed itself it is not the plant even for waysido planting. I think -we must look to soiuo of the persistent mints, or moro probably to some plant valuable for other purposes even to plant on the roadside and in waste places. I hope next to try mclilot or sweet clover, not so much to Iind whether it is a valuable honey plant, us we know that now, but rather to find if this luxuriant and vigorous clover may not have other important uses; possibly for silage. I shall also hope to plant small bods of promising mints, iu hopes for hints of some plant that will pay just for nectar and nothing else. in a. lot i o;;d it wau to .wing pigs '.i.'!-i: first ii, tho swc- •.>!.... didly, '.e -i to a ,\.i t!io av- ;•;• neither How to Food il Ho;; 1 . The Wisconsin Agricultural station ii;is been m,".ldny; some careful experiments on tho value of bone and phosphate food for hogs, with tho result that v.-iit-ii a hog is fed on phosphate foods mixed, in with its- other rations a saving of nearly 2S pur cent, i-l' corn is effected, :n';l tho animal';-; b'.r.;;> :;l.r;-ugfcli is doubled. Tho experiments wero mado .is folio 1 ,. 1 :;: Th'.: plan of the eiv.Krmii food c '>r:i to F.ovoval lots of gi Idirion Iu wat'-r and s.'ilt. •••..•oived nuihm.g .'i-MiHo: w;'..-i f.-dalitt'!.'' givjiv.i'.l tho third v.-jis allowed f roe trough of hardwood ashes, erago of tho thr; o trials: v,-l; ashiKs nor bono Jiu-al v/;:; ft.-J K'i jn.'ii^ids of corn meal wero reinure i i•> i^'uduce 100 pound;; of gain with the pigs. Whoro ashes wore fed •'!)! pounds only wore required. Vvhoro bono meal was fed -1S7 pound-i of bono meal wero re<;ii.ired t.i prodnc-o 100 poii.nds of ;f lin. When-;.! no i; ,hes or bono meal \vcro fed tho boiK.Vi of I }m pigs \vcra (juiio sreal-:. Tho thigh bo-io.- 1 . cut out from tho hams wero broken in two by an average pressure of iSOl pounds whore no nshos or ,bono meal wero fed. 'Where a:. ; ho.i went fed, .081 pounds of pressure wen- re'juiivd, whilo tho b;>:ioj from llio bono iao;il fed pig.i iv;mir(?d 0^0 pounds presirji'o tu broa.k' each bom:. Thc; thigh bones of tho pigs wero then burned, iind tho.so receiving i\o l;ony iii'.ril en 1 ashes contained 107 grams of mi;r/.'al matter; those from ibo heig 1 .-! g'et'Ung a. lie-s gave 150 granii.-;; those ;.-'• tiing \rjii'-, :::•.•;;! ga\ r o ir>;> grain:-;. 1 Points of liiU'iv.sl. DJ\ W. P. Rotli writes to Thy American Poultry Yard, that tin.: iiie.u \vlio says dovcr. is a Viiluablo food for pi ml cry bo- caii..oit contains so much lime is away i ill. A clwinical analysis of clovor shows no carbonate of limo at all. A por.Mvy hotisa should ahvays have a tinii'oughly dry collar ua-h-riK-a'ch for hatohin.g. It should bo light. Don't tVoil a dry cow through tho winter. Tho country i:j becoming more and moro crowded up and conditions of lifo become hiii-dor. Tiiu famior and stock rai.sor v.'I: 1 ) ;;ucc 'td mn.-it calcuLito closely their iv-.as, and look more and moro sharply after markets and economic methods. Ahvays chuugu your farming and stock I'iiisinr.; methods to keep up with the time. 1 . Mr. Hill, of Valverde farm, in Colorado, has a young St. Lambert cow which ho expects will yield thi^e pounds of butter a day by tUe tJJ»e she ia 3 years old.

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