The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on January 21, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 21, 1891
Page 3
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THE REPUBLICAN. * If A.f.T,OfJK, Pnbllihert. •• i IOWA. ALGONA. THE STRANGER ON THE SILL. .'Between broad ilekls of wheat and corn Is the lowly homo where I was born— 'The peach-troe loans against the wall, -And the woodbine wanders over all; 'Thoro Is tlio slind •(! ij-ior-way still, But a strnngcr'B .oa lias crossed the sill! There is the burn—and, as of yore, I can smell the hay from the open door, And see the busy swallows thronp, .And hear the pcwco's mournful song; But the strungov comes—O, painful proof! Ills sheaves arc piled to the heated roof. There is the orchard—the very trees Where my childhood knew long hours of ease, And watched the shadowy momenta run •Till my life imbibed more shudo than sun; The swlnj; from the bough stlH sweeps the air. •But the stranger's children aro swinging thero! There bubbles the shncly spring below, "With Its bulrush brook where the hazels grow; •Twiis there I found the calamus root, And watched the minnows poise and shoot, .And heard the robin lave Its wing, But the stranger's bucket is at the spring. •O ye who daily cross the sill, •Stop lightly, for I love It still; And when you crowd the old barn eaves, Then think what countless harvest sheaves .Have passed within that scented door 'To gladden eyes that aro no more. -Deal kindly with these orchard trees, And when your children crowd their knees, 'Their sweetest fruit they shall impart, As if old memories stirred their heart. "To youthful sport still leave the swing. .And In swcel reverence hold the spring! "The barn, the trees, the brook, the t-wuo, The meadows with their lowing herds, 'The woodbine on the cottage wall— .My heart still lingers with them ull Ye strangers on my native sill, '.Step lightly, lor I love it still 1 —Thomas Buchanan Read, in Grocers 1 and Canners' Gazette. JOB DUBUQTJE'S ESCAPE. .Aided by a Woman lie Easily Eluded the Officers. Once upon a time Joe Dubuque was ''hold in. jail. Dubuque was a daring 1 •robber whose line was picking 1 pockets. He ranked hig-h in his profession and •was looked up to and had high rever- •encc from other members of the "family." liis incarceration brought shoals •of his dark and devious friends around. He was charged with a robbery of considerable moment — $11,000—and this ;and his standing as a thief were such as "to insure him a lomr term if convicted. Money was wasted like water in his de- •fense. The best legal talent was "brought to his succor. A great trial •took place, some great lies were told, aind the affair was conducted with all the accessories of a high-priced legal tableau. "If," said Prosecutor DeWolf, "the ihonest men of a community would -come to each other's assistance when beset with half the heart these outlaws betray business disaster would become •obsolete as a phrase, finding no basis." But Dubuque was convicted and sentenced to ten years in the penitentiary. 'Those industrious and sanguine vandals, however, who had stood by him through all still held their hopes high. It was .•a long road yet to the penitentiary. Many things might happen. The case •was on error to the Supreme Court. This would give them three months .yet, as Dubuque was to be detained in jail until final decision. Why did they not go the prisoner's bond? Because it •was fixed at $25,000, and no man with real estate could be procured unless he was barricaded from harm with a deposit of the full amount and a thousand or two extra for the trouble. Thieves •are very good business men. It was resolved to have Dubuque out even if it took the $37,000, but other methods would be tried first. "It would be a sight cheaper," said the renowned Mollie Matches, "if we could break Joe out." There was a woman who ' passed for Dubuque's wife. She was very pretty and very brave and went to see Dubuque every day. "I will cling to you, Joe, until the penitentiary doors pinch my fingers," ehe said, and all who have ever seen this sort of woman with this sort of man know she told the truth. They have the dog's heart and are faithful through all. Dubuque was a good prisoner and behaved well. The officers liked him, and he was granted many liberties. They watched him narrowly, however, and when he took his exercises each day his •cell was searched. The sheriff felt that some effort would be made to liberate his captive. He knew that dozens of •daring and ingenious men were on the outside with no present purpose but to eet Dubuque free. He knew that money was no object because he had been slyly offered several thousand to turn Dubuque into the street. He laughed at the offer, which came to him through an ex-detective, but it helped him to realize the outlaws' anxiety for Dubuque. "We'll try every other plan," said Matches, "and if they fail we'll put up the bail monej'- and take him out that •way." Meanwhile dark and hidden preparations were afloat to release Dubuque by the rather extraordinary method of breaking into the jail. There was no effort to supply Dubuque with tools or weapons, as he knew his cell was daily ransacked and so informed them. So the outside scheme was evolved and set in execution The sheriff, however, became vaguely impressed with s sense of danger. One day he secretly resolved to take Dubuque to the penitentiary to await the high court's finding. He did uot even tell his depxxties or turnkeys. He would start the next afternoon at t<vo o'clock. When Dubuque's pretty wife came that day to see .him—the day before the proposed start for the State's prison—th» sheriff, who was kindly and felt some degree of sympathy for the faithful creature, asked her whether she meant to Dub«vju<! Uie next day. "Certainly," she said. The officer reflected a moment, while- the girl watched bun, ke£$ 3* The sheriff should never have spoken to her at all. She knew in an instant some move was: afoot. At last he said: "Come as early as 11:45 and take dinner with Joe. I'm going to give him a good dinner to-morrow." "Very well, I'll come," said the girl, and went in to Dubuque and straightway told the whole conversation. ''Wants you to be here to dinner," said Dubuque, reflectively. "You generally come at three in tiie afternoon." Then the rascal knitted his brows and thought hard while the girl waited. "This sheriff is onto something," said Dubuque at last, "and is going to make me safe somewhere. .Let me look at this paper a minute," and he picked up one of the several with which his cell was furnished. "That's it," ho said, after a moment's reading. "He's planning to take me to the pen. The train starts at two p. m." "I think so, too," said the girl. "Now what will we do? Shall I notify Matches and the men?" "No," said Dubuque. "I'll tell you how xvc'll fix this. I have never attempted any thing, so far, and just let the boys work, but I've been thinking all the time and I've got a plan that I believe will work. I know a way out of this jail and a place to hide within fifty yards of it. That is, I think I do; it won't cost much to test it anyhow." Here the catcran went on and told the girl his plans. They were very simple and were to be acted upon at once. That afternoon she made a second visit to Dubuque and gave him a thin cloth cap without being detected, and also a round bar of india-rubber about a foot long and an inch and a half in diameter. "I coiild knock a cow down with that," said Dubuque, "and never leave a mark. It's better than a sand-bug." The girl also proffered him a pistol. "Kill them, Joe, if they try to stop you!" And her eyes lighted with anticipated slaughter, like a cat's. "No," said Dubuque, drawing back. "I don't mind a tap or two with a billy or a sand-bag, biit I won't murder. I never killed a man, and I never will. I'll keep that sin off my hands." The girl went away. At 4:30 that afternoon the turnkey came with supper. Ordinarily he did not open the cell door, but passed the food through a little window. When he came to Du- ^uque's door the prisoner was seated at his little table, apparently drawing on a paper. "What's that, Dubuque—-a plan of the jail?" he asked. "No, sir." "Pass it out and let me see it." But Dubuque sat down on the edge of his bunk with a sullen air, and folding his arms, said never a word. "Well, then," said the turnkey, "I'll come and get it," and he began to unlock the door. Dubuque never moved. The turnkey entered and started for the table. Just as he passed the captive a swift blow fell on his head and he sank to the floor. It was the rubber billy. A prisoner in the next cell heard the noise and at once divined the trouble going on. Like a good fellow, he at once began to howl "Rock of Ages" at the top of his voice to cover Dubuque's work. "That song will be worth money and friends to him when I am out," thought Dubuque, as he bound and gagged the smitten turnkey. Then he put on the man's hat and coat, and taking his keys stepped out and locked the door. The senseless turnkey was locked in. Dubuque went at once to the cage at the door, and, unlocking it, let himself in and locked the door behind. Then he rapped three times with his key on the outer wicket, which was the turnkey's sign to the doorkeeper to unlock and let him out. Dubuque expected to pass undetected. The turnkey's hat was a big slouch, which, as he kept his face half turned from the guard at the door, protected his features from view. There were several offices to go through after this, but Dubuque was hopeful he might manage it. It wae growing 1 dark at the close of a winter afternoon. This would help. But just as Dubuque rapped at the outer door to get out an unforeseen thing happened. The vocalist was still bawling "Rock of Ages" and waiting for his supper, when "Bang!" came the report of a pistol inside the jail. It was the turnkey, who, though tightly bound and gagged, on recovering his wits had managed to fire his pistol, without taking it from his belt. "I should have taken away his revolver," reflected Dubuque hastily as he heard the noise. But he was equal to the occasion. In an instant he turned back and began unlocking the inner door again which led to the cells. The outside guard was tearing open the outer door, while half a dozen deputies, already arrived, were waiting to get in. Dubuque got his door open at the same time the outer door swung wide. In an instant the mob of deputies rushed inside to the cells without regarding Dubuque. This alert yet thoughtful individual waited until all were in, closed and locked the door, and then started through the just deserted office to the world beyond. In the last door he met the sheriff, who was to banquet him the next day. He did not recognize Dubuque, and asked hastily what was the trouble in the jail. For reply Dubuque smote his would-be entertainer to the floor with his rubber billy. Then he ran into the open air. He knew pursuit would be hot on his heels in less than five minutes. Ten rods from the jail he turned up a stairway to a lawyer's office. In the stairway he changed to the cloth cap, hiding the big slouch of the turnkey in a coal- box which stood in the hall. "Is Mr. Jameson in?" he asked, as he came into the office. "No," said the clerk, a very young man; "Mr. Jameson went out on Woodland avenue with a lady to see a man who was sick and who wanted to employ him in the Joe Dubuque case." "I'll wait awhile," said Dubuque, and, taking a chair, he sat looking out the window at the darkening street. He had sent h.V» ghi to take this lawyer away frotd his office so that he might use it to hide in. The lawyer knew him by sight, so it would opt do to fcavs Mm ther*. "That's whnfc I call one way to employ a lawyer," said Matches, when ha heard of it. While Dubuque waited in the lawyer's office pursuit run up and down the sidewalk beneath its windows. The pur- uued took a thoughtfttl pleasure in watching it. At last a detective who was called in got one of the customary clews and led the entire chase to a distant part of the city. Dubuque was safe. "I never feel absolutely removed from danger," said Dubuque, "until a detective is chasing me. Then I know I'm safe." While Dubuque sat by the window a carriage drove up and slopped across the street. Dubuque lighted a cigar the clerk gave him to comfort him while waiting and watched the carriage narrowly. He must make no mistake. Presently a little hand holding a white handkerchief was placed in the opening in the door. It was Dubuque's carriage. But, he smoked on and was in no hurry. Let it got a little darker. The carriage Waited and Dubuque waited. At last it was quite dark. "I will see Mr. Jameson later," said Dubuque to the clerk. "Or tell him I'll write to him." Then he went across to the carriage. The door was opened and he stepped in. The pretty girl was waiting. "Through thick and thin," he said, as he took her in his arms and kissed her. As they passed the jail, a few feet further on, Dubuque waved an adieu as he looked out from the dark carriage. ' 'I must look after that 'Rock of Ages 1 man," he thought. Then he kissed the pretty girl again. Joe Dubuquo had escaped.—Kansas City Star. SUBTERRANEAN FIRES. The Terrors of n Volcanic Eruption Graphic-filly Described. Some idea of the terror of volcanoes may be gathered from an account of an eraption in one of the Hawaiian islands, when the crater was filled from five hundred to six hundred feet deep with molten lava, the immense weight of which broke through a subten-anean passage of twenty-seven miles and reached the sea, forty miles distant, in two days, flowing for three weeks and heating the water twenty miles distant. Rocks melted like wax in its path| forests crackled and blazed before its fervent heat; the works of man were to it but as a scroll in the flames. Imagine Niagara's stream, above the brink of the falls, with its dashing, whirling, madly raging waters, hurrying on to their plunge, instantaneously converted into fire—agory-hued river of fused minerals; volumes of hissing steam arising; smoke curling upward from ten thousand vents, which give utterance to many deep-toned mutterings and sullen, confined clamorings; gases detonating and shrieking- as they burst from their hot prison-house; the heavens lurid with flames; the atmosphere dark and oppressive; the horizon murky with vapors and gleaming with the reflected contest. Such was the scene as the fiery cataract, leaping a precipice of fifty feet, poured its flood upon the ocean. The old line of coast, a mass of compact, in- durated lava, whitened, cracked and fell. The waters recoiled and seat forth a tempest of spray; they foamed and lashed around and over the melted rock, they boiled with white heat, and the roar of the conflicting agencies grew fiercer and louder. The reports of the exploding gases were distinctly heard twenty-five miles distant, and were likened to a whole broadside of heavy artillery. Streaks of the intens- est light glanced like lightning in all directions; the outskirts of the burning lava as it fell, cooled by the shock, were shivered into millions of fragments and scattered by the strong wind in sparkling showers far into the country. Six weeks later at the base of the hills the water continued scalding hot and sent forth clouds of steam at every wash oi' the waves.—London Budget. THE AFFABLE WOMAN. Slio Is Not Afraid of Losing 1 Her Dignity by Trying to Brighten the World. If women could ever learn that it is quite possible to combine affability with dignity in commonplace daily intercourse with their fellow-creatures, this would be a far brighter and more agreeable world. Nine-tenths of the gentlewomen one knows would no more address an unintroduced female than bite off a bit of their own tongues. Not once in a blue moon do they dare converse with their servants, the clerk behind the counter, the chance companion of a railway journey, or even the lady who has dropped in to call on a mutual friend. Awkwardness and timidity, with a sense of alleged well-bred reserve seal their lips to every form of communication. In their shyness and stupid fear of furnishing an opportunity for undue familiarity, they gc through life like oysters, as far as those outside their narrow circle are concerned. But thank Heaven! there is a woman, and her tribe is increasing, who realizes all of the beautiful opportunities and rights the gift of.speech gives her. She can afford to talk to her domestics about any and every thing, and cement their affectionate respect with every word uttered. Her kindly recognition of the shop girl and fragment of pleasant gossip across the yard stick is a wholesome break in the clerk's dull day. To sit beside a respectable female for an hour's train travel, and not exchange greeting as two human beings touching in theiv journey of life, would confound her kindly nature. She is sure of her dignity and, strong in its integrity, affords to do what possibly a less fine-grained nature shrinks to essay. Her friendly, well chosen words arc as far removed from volubility as her cordial manners are from gush. Recognizing the power of speech as the most potent of spells for removing dull, unlovely discontent, embarrassment, and loneliness, she is free with worthy thoughts graciously expressed. It is noticeable that such women never leave drawing-room, kitchen, shop or coach that every pther creature of her kind present does not acknowledge to herself the sijjiveine excellence of courtesy above all other feminine cfeurm*.—II- FOREIGN GOSSIP. —The Ministry of the Interior intends to abrogate the rights of foreigners holding real estate in Russia,. —Jn Paris the simplest form of embalming- costs usually 800 francs, but should an autopsy have been performed or death occurring through other than natural causes, a much heavier sum would be incurred, rising in some cases to as much as 5,000 francs. —The government allows a generous subsidy to theaters in the cities of the Caucasus. Tiflis alone will get 47,000 rubles (luring this year. But Rus- eian troupes are scarce in that region, and Italian, French and German actors draw the largest part of the subsidy. —The cost of a grave in the Paris cemeteries is uniform, and has been raised of late to £;}',); this, of course, is in perpetuity. At most of the cemeteries ground can be rented for five years at a charge of fifty francs for the term, and can generally be renewed at the end of this period for at least a second term. —During the longest days in June the sun shines for twenty-two hours out of the twenty-four in Alaska. Through the months of June, July and August, when the nights arc so short, the weather becomes very warm. Miners are then frcqiiently compeled to seek a shady retreat, and the water in tha streams becomes comfortable for bathing- —Russia undoubtedly will carry out the g-igantic undertaking of continuing- her railway system now terminating near the eastern border of Europe, through Asia, across, the wilderness of Siberia to the Pacific ocean at Vladivostok, thus greatly strengthening her military power and at the same time completing a continuous railway line around the world, saving- the considerable gaps formed by the two oceans.—Railway Age. —A French magazine, devoted to geographical matters, figures tip the areas of African territory appropriated by the European powers. They are as follows: Prance, 2,300,000 square miles; Great Britain, 1,000,445; Germany, 1,035,720; Congo Free State, 1,000,000; Portugal (not yet ratified), 774,003; Italy, :j(50,000; Spain, 210,000. While the area secured by France is much the largest, so far as value is concerned England has no rival in Africa. There are still 3.500,000 square miles in possession of the native rulers. THE CZAR'S DOMAIN. Statistics Showing the Terrible Condition of the KuKsKins. The vear-book issued by the Statistical Central Committee of the Russian Ministry of the Interior is-an interesting publication, throwing much light on the condition of the Russian people. According to the work, the estimated population of Russia is 110,638,676 souls, of which about 100,000,0000 inhabit European Russia (without Finland) and the Caucasus. Marriages are constantly on the increase, their number in 1888 being 871,470. In the same year 4,585,741 births were registered, against only 2,953,110 deaths. The increase of population is consequently 14.8 per 1,000, this percentage being exceeded by no other European state. The number of violent deaths, however, is very high, and on the increase, being 44,437'in 1887, against 42,985 in 1880. Of these 2,575 and 2,585 respectively were suicides and 8,788 and 8,008 respectively homicides. The victims of intemperance in 1887 numbered 4,517. In 1880 and 1887 14,881 persons were drowned, 2,027 were frozen to death, and 1,473 killed by lightning. Of all diseases typhus exacted the most victims, and raged throughout Russia. The numbers of 1887 showed 389,682 cases of disease and 15,858 deaths. Of cholera nostras there were 3,759 cases, and 300 died. The chief center of disease in Russia is the Government of Kieff. Immense damage is done to property by fires, The year-book estimates the total loss by fire in 18SO at 59,500,000 rubles, and in 1887 at 68,782,700 rubles. In 1883 it was as high as 98,000,000 rubles. From 1870 to 1887 the loss by fire was 1,000,000,000 rubles, which is about 80 copecks per annum per head of population. About 90 per cent, of the fires were due to incendiarism, and four- fifths of the damage was caused in the country. The consumption of spirits is proportionately small—only 21 vedro per inhabitant in 1887. The remarkable spread of drunkenness is explained by the admixture of fusel oil to spirits. The consumption of beer has increased, notwithstanding a decrease in the number of breweries. According to a table containing the prices at Moscow of a pood of brown bread, a sack of flour of the first quality, and the bread made of a sack of such flour, they have doubled during the last ninety years. In 1S87 there existed 18,950 manufactories with a productive capacity of over 1,000 rubles each. They gave employment to 703,201 persons, of whom 183,004 were women and 25,740 children, and the value of the goods manufactured amounted to 983,000,000 rubles. Astounding details are furnished in the day-book of the indebtedness of landed property. It is stated that 26.8 per cent, of such property (24,548,813 dessiatines) are mortgaged to the extent of 633,154,719 rubles, the annual interest paid being no less than 41,409,334 rubles. For public instruction 7,000,000 rubles, and for sanitary purposes*9,500,000 rubles were expended. Education is still much neglected. In 1880 there were only 897 intermediary schools, with 130,387 boys and 80,099 girls. In 80,003 elementary schools, 1,670,115 boys and 455,167 girls received instruction. There has been somewhat of an inprovement in these figures during more recent years; but, according to Western nations, the Bus-1 eian Empire is still as far as ever from possessing a proper system of education,—London Tunes. SEA-GOING SALMON. of Obtaining food Still Unknown. Several points in the life history of. tfeft s&imon itself are still wrapped , and, considering the of interest taken in tha king of fishes, the ignorance in its seafaring habits is surprising. The recent experiments undertaken by Mr. Archer in the NoiS wcgian fiords and duly chronicled in the columns of the Field, with numbers of marked fish, have proved that the samo individuals, while roaming as much as ninety miles from the coast, often re- tnrn to the same haunts in the rivers. Each salmon employed in the conduct of the experiments has been marked by a numbered and dated metal plate secured through the dorsal fin, the records of the returning fish being carefully noted and tabulated by Mr. Archer. _ Hut the general food supply at sea remains a matter of speculative inquiry. In the rivers salmon have been proved to devour cphcmcridiB and water beetles, but the sea-going fish invariably are taken with the stomach empty. I know of two cxceptionr-i to the rule. At the moment when a number of salmon were netted off one of the Scotch lochs a gentleman witnessed one eject some half- digested eels from the mouth. In the Field for July 30, 1890, a writer records in the angling column that he has lately seen a salmon captured con twining young salmon in the stomach. If the salmon lived chiefly on suction the teeth would surely show signs of degeneration, which is by no means the case. I have seen a fisherman on the Severn have his finger lacerated through pushing his hand too far through the gills of a still living fish, and the quantity of short rounded teeth present every appearance of usefulness. The extraordinary increase in bulk during a few weeks' visit to the sea clearly points to an abundant food supply, which must be something plentifully distributed among the littoral fauna. The migrations of the salmon and river eels are curiously intermixed; it is quite possible that the young eels constitute a favorite article of diet. The fact that the stomach of a salmon is almost always empty when captured has been explained as the result of fear. At the moment the fish feel the meshes of the net all food is said to be ejected. Fishing off the coast of Devon this summer, I saw a large salmon leap through the water as if in pursuit of P re .7! just as a pike dashes after smaller fish; it was gone like a flash, and we could see no more. Some day, doubtless, the full facts will be discovered and recorded.—Gentleman's Magazine. TANNED BY EUZCTRICITY. Hides Cheaply and lixpeditiously Transformed Into Leather. For some time past reports have been current as to the perfection, in France, of a method of tanning by electricity, and the matter has excited great curiosity throughout the country. That country is, as America is, one of the largest leather-producing countries of the world, and has no fewer than 3,000 or 4,000 tanning establishments. Within the present month the process has actually been experimented with in America, and the results are now exciting no small amount of discussion and controversy in leather circles The process, which is the invention of Worms & Bales, of Paris, has been under trial abroad since 1887, in a tannery in Paris, and another large tannery has been started for the same purpose at Longjumeau. In this method the tanning is expedited in two ways. First, by the agitation of the skins in contact with the tanning liquor, and, secondly, by tha passage of the electric current through the body of the liquid. To attain these two ends a circular drum is employed, and as the drum rotates current is passed through it by means of a wire brought into contact at its side. The skins, to undergo this process, are prepared in the ordinary way, the hair being taken off by lime, and they are then put into the drum with the tanning solution. The current to which they are subjected averages about seventy to one hundred volts, and the direction of the current is charged every twelve hours, so as to act equally on the skins, which constitute the electrodes. During the operation the liberation of gas is insignificant, so that the hides may be considered to act in the same way as the plates of an accumulator. Goat and sheep skins require only about twenty-four hours for complete tanning. Calfskins require forty-eight hours. Cow, steer and horse hides require from seventy-two to ninety-six hours, according to their texture. The leather produced in this way has been examined by experts and is said to be of excelent quality. Nine hundred and nineteen pounds of hide, treated in this electrical manner at Newark gave 1,278 pounds of leather in four days, while 1,042 pounds of hides, subjected to the action of the revolving drum, but without the current turned on, gave only 1,210 pounds of poorly-tanned hide. Hence there appear to be economies additional to those involved in the saving of time.—Philadelphia Press. —A party of New Yorkers was driving through Oceanville, N. J., the other day, when one remarked that the parlors were all shut up, and that in most houses nothing short of a funeral ever opened those so-called "best rooms," He said he could imagine how dusty and musty the atmosphere was in every one of those country parlors. "And I can inmgine how thoroughly well used some of tbose parlors are," said a lady in the party, "for I was a country girl. They are opened on Wednesday and Sunday nights for lovers' visits, and the couples make up for the days the rooms are closed by sitting up in them through the longest winter nights almost till daybreak."—.N. Y. Sun. —A Boston druggist established a profitable store, and his success excited the envy of another druggist, who wished to buy him out. The first man refused to sell; the other offered him a large sum, but still without tempting the store-keeper. Then the would-be purchaser threatened to start a drug store on the opposite corner. This caused a change of mind, and the storekeeper sold out at a big price. A few weeks later he had secured a long tease of a store on the opposite corner, started a new establishment there AN ACCURSED HEAP. The Ruin of the Dread Tnqnlgltton of Q« India. Tho interior of the edifice of the torioiis Inquisition of Goa often described by the old travelers, whose works in "Collection of V ages" we must refer the reader. Si cient it will be to mention that building now razed to the ground i prccl ji space of two acres, contains three large-, halls, and 300 prisoner cells above and under the and was girded by walls of thickness. At once the palace and the prison < the Inquisition, it was the pride and! terror of the people of Goa, Suddenly^ and silently .would the black-robed^ myrmidons of the establishment appeaf*''| in any house in the city, touch the ac- ' cused upon the shoulder, and bid hint' 'follow the7n. No matter how _ the victim had been, not one hand would'l be raised in his defense as he was hur* < ried through the busy streets within the remorseless doors of the "holy jl office." At Goa a large majority of the Hindoo population had embraced Christianity, but they would often revert to the practice in secret of occult rites. Such acts were regarded as sorcery and <| magic in those clays, and if the native had been baptized he coxild rarely ea*cape the stake as punishment for lapse into these practices. To this day the few Hindoos who dwell at Old Goa speak with bated breath as they point to the stony heap where' stood the Inquisition. There, they tell you, stood Orlem ghor, the "Great House." Many autos-de-fe were held held here in the last century. The last a,uto-de-f c which took place was in February, 1773; but the number of persona condemned, and those, if any, who were ' burned, does not seem to have been recorded. In the year 1SOO the number of prisoners was forty-seven. By a royal decree from Portugal, dated May 31, 1814, the Holy Inquisition was forever abolished. The building was then shut np and abandoned to decay and ruin, which, indeed, -1 *—a long time previously had been for actively going on. In 1830 a large portion was pulled down, and of the re» mainder the Abbe Cottineau, who visited Goa in 1827, says: "The whole is now fast decaying, no doors or window- shutters existing. Shrubs, thorns and rubbish block up the front entrance, and the interior must be filled with snakes and other reptiles." Finally, in 1829, a complete wreck of the dread edifice was perpetrated by tha authorities, who required materials foi building operations at Panjim. The whole place was pulled down and left a hideous mound of debris— a sort of accursed heap in memory of the deeds of barbarity so long enacted within the hellish place. Fonseca, however, relates one stage further. In 1859, when the grand exposition of St. Francis Xavier's remains was being prepared for, the greater part oJ the stones, stucco and rubbish, was carted away. And lo! the men who were engaged on the heap discovered steps going below to a subterranean vault or dungeon, and beneath this cellar, under a heavy, boat-shaped piece oi lead, was found a human skeleton.— , Murray's Magazine. TRAVELS OF A BULLET. The Different Motions It Describes In It* Flight. An authority on shooting and a gentleman well informed on all matters oi detail pertaining to the bull's eye, gave an Examiner reporter some interesting information on the queer actions of a bullet after being discharged from thft muzzle of a gun. "A bullet," he declared, "sighted foi • 1,000 yards has three separate and distinct motions, and in cases where the stubby and blunt express lead is used it* has four. The first is its velocity or straight motion of journey; the second is the rotary motion, caused by the bore of the gun, which makes it plow through- the air; and the third is the trajectory motion, or drift, attributable to the attraction of gravity, which forces the bullet sideways. When the express bullet is used it follows a line similar to the edge of a corkscrew. The latter ia ascribable to the extra friction on the bottom of the ball, which is constantly lowering. "I had this illustrated by placing" sheets of paper|f orty yards apart on a level and the course of the bullet could be seen by collecting the papers and laying them one over the other. ' 'A ball has a large drop when traveling any great distance. For instance, take 1,000 yards. The bullet, if keeping the course it originally started out to follow, would land a distance of over 225 feet above the bull's-eye. But it starts to drop immediately afte? leaving the muzzle of the gun, and at between 550 and 600 yards the ball is over sixty feet above the line of tha bull's-eye, and a considerable distance below the line of sight. At 300 yards it has decreased in proportion and the aim is only forty inches above the bull's- eye, but at 500 yards it is over sixteen feet. "It takes about three seconds for it ball to travel 1,000 yards with an ordj* nary charge of powder behind it. Th* first second it travels 1,500 feet. In the next second it travels only three-quart ters of that distance, and in the third second it travels only one-half as much} as it did when leaving the muzzle. "I made the claim here a short tima- ago that a ball made more revolutions—* that is, its rotary motion increased Jft * proportion to the distance it traveled™*-,,, as it approached the target than it di<| 'I in the 100 yards immediately after tefti* J ing the muzzle, and I will explain. Th^i friction of the atmosphere does no£ lessen the rotary motion as fast in pp$* portion to the distance it has traveled as it does its flight through the at phere, consequently, while in the 100 yards the ball is only traveling rate just one-half of its original the rotary motion is just as gre« having more time, makes wore ye tioiis."—San Francisco —A Suggestion.-^** finish a story I am often

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