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WAR REMINISCENCES, 1 WHY JOHNSTON FELL BACK. Mow Two richct G«rt8 Retired iv Whole Army. , avmy was WW ftlon J? th e , i,ank of tho Potomac in the winter •01 ia>l.f)3. Ihrnatonitifj tho city of Washington by extending its light down the Tlvor about forty miles and building its nlockado battorlns on tho south hank, cutting 1 oil all navigation by tho rivor, and thus forming a complete blockade of navigation. At tho time General Joseph E. Johnston was in command of tho rebel army and General McClell an was in command of tho Army of tho Potomac. The capital of tho nation was threatened and its water communications cut off. General Hookor was stationed on tho north, or Maryland bank •of tho rivor, opposite tho blockade batteries, with a division of about 8,000 men, to watch tho movements of Johnston's army at that point. Tho threatening attitude of Johnston's army, both as against Washington and In crossing tho Potomac rivor during tho '.entire winter, had put tho Government ,into unpleasant straits. Foreign representatives at Washington urged the Government that it it could not got the •enemy away from its own capital and keep open its linos of communication, 'then their Governments had no alternative except to recognize tho Confederacy and give it tho same standing among nations that they gave tho United States. Tho President and Secretary of War nrgod McClollan to attack and push Johnston's army back and thus relievo ;this pressure both from foreign powers •and from homo influences. McClol- lan would not move. His views were that the .State Department should take caro of tho foreign relations, tho President of homo affairs, and ho would take caro of tho,army in the manner he thought best. As a whole, matters wore in bad shape for tho Government; indeed, abent as bad as they could well 'be, for al, that time, in a military sense, tho Confederacy was decidedly ahead of tho United States in nearly every particular. Tho First Regiment of Now York Light Artillery was in the camp of instruction at Washington during tho winter. There were in the regiment twelve light batteries. As each battery was thought to be sufliciontly drilled to take tho field it was sent to the front. Some went to one part of tho army and others to other parts. March 3, 18(53, battery D was sent to General Hooker, opposite the rebel blockade batteries. It reached its •camp on the 4th; on tho 5th it was ordered to send one section of two guns to •do picket duty on the banks of the river •facing the heavy mounted forts on the .south side. Tho rivor was just one mile broad. The officers and men of tho battery were as green as new officers and men can well be in all things which appertain to active service in the field- that is, while the officers and men had learned to drill and take care of their battery they had not yet learned that no demonstration should bo made against the enemy without direct orders from tho commanding general. This was Sunday, a beautiful and clear spring day. No hostile demonstrations were being made on either side, and with the field-glasses the rebel officers and men could bo seen by the young artillery officers walking about on the parapets of their heavy forts purely for amusement. The artillery officers, with their two little three- inch rifled field pieces, concluded to wake up the rebs by seeing how accurately they could throw shells into the blockade forts. About 2 o'clock in the afternoon one of tho little guns threw a shell across tho river. It fell a little Bhort. Another was fired with a little more elevation and it went over. A third was fired at a medium elevation and went square into one of the forts and exploded among the men. Imagination can hardly picture tho effects that shell produced in those forts. The lines of blockade batteries stretching a half mile along the bank of the river were heavily mounted with siege guns of from 0 to 12 inch caliber, and in about a minute the whole lot of them opened on those two little field pieces. These immense shells tumbled around exploded about the field guns for some time at the rate of about two a minute. It was what might be called emphatically hot for tho men of Battery D. Fortunately not a man at tho two guns was lost, but there was some mighty close shaving done. While this firing was going on a staff olflcor from General Hooker dashed into tbo battery and ordered tho firing stopped. Now as to the result of the foolish escapade. Tho next day Johnston abandoned the blockade batteries and his entire position in front of Washington, and the Confederate army fell back behind the Rappahannock river. McClellan moved out with his army of 100,000 •men to occupy the country Johnston had occupied all winter, the Potomac river was opened to navigation, and the foreign nations gave in that the United .States had gained a bloodless but substantial victory. But no authority outside •of General Hooker knew of the little affair at Posey's Landing on tho lower Potomac. Indeed it was .not thought worth mentioning, but McClellan got •great glory. No one in the North knew or suspected why Johnston fell back until he wrote the history of his campaigns. In' that ho says that on tho 5th of March the Federal a*rny commenced demonstrations against the blockade batteries on the lower Potomac, or, in his own words, showed "great activity." That he at once reached the conclusion that McClellan'a army bad gone to that point by the Maryland bank of the Potomac to cross there and turn his right flank. That he at once gave ordors to his army to withdraw to the south bank of the Rappahaunock river. As Hooker's camp waa absolutely quiet that day, excepting the firing of the two field pieces—not even a musket 'being discharged—the demonstrations he alludes to was th»t firing by tb& picket guns and nothing else. , oo wco»B|jf tjxe Ut- tery officers being new—1 e., fresh- Hooker paid no attention to the affaift Wad the same thing occurred two months later Battery D officers would have boon court-martialed and cashiered, But on tho whole, no trifle or blunder during tho war added such results for the Nation for its credit »8 that unauthorized and boyish freak of Battery D. ~N. Y. Times. WERE WILLING TO GO. Volunteers Worn Wanted but th« Boy« AVcro Modest* It sometimes occurred in army life that a person's modesty, or sensitiveness, was more potent than their fear of danger, or of injury. An incident illustrating this occurred in my own company in June, 18(54, at Dallas Woods, or Burnt Hickory. Our brigade was required to advance the lines under a galling picket fire; it was a kind of left wheel, tho right advancing several hundred yards, while the left advanced but a few steps. After getting into position a short distance to the rear of our pickot lino a detail from each company, about one-third of tho whole, was called for to go out and strengthen the pickets so as to check a charge, if one should be made before a lino of works could bo thrown up. Lieutenant Edginton, who commanded tho company, stated tho case and called for volunteers, being unwilling to detail men in such an emergency, although tho danger was oven loss, perhaps, than to remain and work at fortifying. Now, I suppose there was not a man in tho company but was ready and willing- to go out in front; but to bo tho first one of the lot to volunteer to say: "I'll go for one," was a distinction no one coveted, and wo stood looking from one to the other in a helpless, foolish way, not of ton seen among bravo soldiers. Meanwhile the Lieutenant was getting impatient and begging for volunteers, or he must needs detail, which ho was unwilling to do. All tho while the bullets kept singing past us, and tho suspense was becoming painful, though probably less than half a minute had passed, when I said, (and very sheepish I felt, too): "I'll go, for one;" "I'll go for another," instantly spoke up Dan Malone; "I'll go, for another," came tho response from a dozen voices at once, and the Lieutenant had to call a halt very soon, to keep enough of the company to throw up breastworks. We were ordered to get a little to tho rear of the rifle pits"and shelter ourselves tho best we could behind trees or inequalities in the ground, but not to fire except a charge Was attempted by the enemy, which order was pretty strictly obeyed; but next to me, a few feet to my left, was Peter Lawlor, an impetuous Irishman, who could never resist the temptation to shoot whenever he could see a head to shoot at. He commenced firing right away, and after a few minutes arose and run up toward the front, half bent, and disappeared. In about half an hour we were called in, but Peter failed to respond, and when some parties went out he was found, shot through the heart, and gave his last gasp as he was brought over the breastworks. But the men at work on the fortifications were not loft uninjured. Three men of Company A were wounded with the same bullet, two members of Company G were wounded with another one, and a number of others wore hit, but I think none were seriously injured. Colonel Case took right hold of the work, but soon found that his shoulder straps made him a target for sharpshooters, so ho exchanged his coat for a private's blouse. General Ward—commanding the brigade at the time—had his headquarters in a log house near the left of tho brigade, and a rebel shell crushed through just before he moved out and came down by a big tree at the left of our regiment. We remained in that place two days, under 'pretty hot fire, but did not get into an engagement, though seyoral men were wounded and incapacitated for duty.—R. Springer, in Toledo Blade. The Faith of a Child. . Bishop Vincent tells an inspiring story of tho war times. He was pastor of our church at Galena, 111., when the first Bull Run battlo waa fought. The first news was favorable to our arms and everyone was jubilant. Later came reports of the awful reverse, the rebels victorious and our defeated troops streaming backward toward Washington. He had a meeting of his officiary that night; but they could do no business. Thought and tongue would dwell only on the direful defeat. One brother said: "We couldn't oat any supper. First one, and then another, would push back from the table, leaving the food untasted, and exclaim of the horrors of the battle and its disheartening- result. Four-year-old Cynthia, in her little rocking chair, said: 'I don't tare, s'long's Dod ain't killed. He'll bring 'tout all right.' " Tho faith of the little girl rebuked their fears, and enabled them to say: "The Lord reigneth; lot the earth rejoice!" — Western Christian Advocate. _ RANDOM SHOTS. AT the last annual muster of the Department of New York', G. A. R., there were found in good standing 40,688 veterans. Six boys of one Augusta (Me.) family drew their pension the other day, they all having served through the late civil war, being now grey-haired old men. Ix is estimated that the average age of the Union veteran is now fifty-two years. The average life of the Union veteran is fifty-seven years; so the old heroes have only an average of five years to remain on'earth. DURING the war a mother was trying to have her boy repeat his prayer before going to bed, but Arthur was more patriotic than religious, as he rendered it with slight variations as follows: "Now I lay me down to sleep, shouting the battle cry of freedom." — American Tribune. THE lour drafts during the rebellion were: Total number drawn, 770.839; total who personally served, 40,607; total who failed to report (r&n away), 161,844; total exempted, 816,809} total furnishing- substitutes, 73,607; total discharged for cause, 93,308; total who paid commutation, 86.724; of PITH AND POINT. —Somehow we never notice what those people have on who come to Us In our trouble.—Atchison Globe. —He—"Darling, I just want one kiss." She (indignantly)—"If that's all you want you shan't have it."—N. Y. Herald. —A milkman who was told that a drink of pure milk was good for sore throat, innocently asked where he could get it.—Texas Siftings. —A poet says that a baby IB "a new wave on the ocean of life." It strikes us that "a fresh squall" would express the idea better.—Boston Gazette. —When a big man in a little town moves to a larger town he is putting himself in n position to learn his first big lesson in humiliation.—Atchison Globe. —She—"Will you believe me if I say that I am only twenty-nine years old?" He—"Why not? Young ladies are seldom more than thirty years old."—Flie- gende Blatter. ^—When a man goes up-stairs late at night and skips every other stair in an endeavor to keep quiet he always seems to skip the steps that don't creak.— Elmira Gazette. —Two women trying to talk by telephone is a sight to make the gods weep. Put a daughter of Eve where she can't see a bonnet, and the fountains of her speech dry up.—Ram's Horn. —"That's a good text you suggest," remarked Dr. Prolix to one of his parishioners; "I'll make a minute of it." "Bet you'll make an hour of it," was the whispered reply.—Eichmond Dispatch. —Did His Part. — Mother—"At the party last evening, Johnny, I hope you did your part for the general amusement." Johnny—"Yes, ma'am, I did my part. I listened patiently to tho music."—Yankee Blade, —Style in Vehicles.—Dealer—"I am sure, madam, you could look the city through, and not find a handsomer carriage than this." Mrs. D'Avnoo—"Oh, it's handsome enough, but it looks too comfortable to be stylish." — N. Y. Weekly. —"Maria," »said Scribbleton, as he awoke in the middle of the night, "do you hear that mouse rattling the paper in the waste basket?" "Yes; is there any thing that you wrote in it?" "Yes." "Well, I'm go-ing to get up and rescue the mouse."—Washington Post. —Mr. Higgins—"And the founder of your family came over with the Conqueror? So did mine. They must have been friends." Miss Davenport—"Yes, of course it is possible that my ancestor may have known some of the people in the steerage, but it does not follow, you know."—Harper's Bazaar. —Wise In His Generation.— "George loves me, loves me madly," Tho blushing heiress said; "Oft and again he tells me. Ho worships where I tread!" Her pa, replying grimly, This cruel arrow sped: "When you walk upon my real-estate, George worships where you tread!" —N. Y. Sun. —Wilson—"I despise a hypocrite." Tomson—"So do I." "Now, take Jack- Bon for example; he's the biggest hypocrite on earth. I despise that man." "But you appear to be his best friend." "O, yes; I try to appear friendly toward him. It pays better in the end."— Brooklyn Life. —In Stock.—Stranger (at great music-box and orchestrion emporium)—"I am a dentist, and it has occurred to me that a music-box or orchestrion would be a pleasant addition to my parlors, to amuse my patients, you know, and " Dealer—"I see. You want something to keep the waiting patients interested and sort o' help—er—drown any noises In the operating room." Stranger— "That's the idea." Dealer—"Step right this way, sir, to the steam calliope department."—Good News. AN INTERESTING SIGHT. The Inability ot a tady to Cope with the Latch Key. If you have never had the pleasure of watching a woman open her front door by means of a latch key it is worth the fifteen minutes she requires for the operation to be amused at the thorough femininity of her actions. The other evening shortly before dusk a bright-looking girl, buttoned up in an English walking jacket, swinging an umbrella and carrying half a* dozen small parcels, passed briskly along the street, ascended a flight of stone steps and opened fire on the front entrance with the skeleton key. She first shifted the responsibility oi purse, packages, umbrella and handkerchief on one hand while she used the other to ransack both coat pockets for the key. They failed to yield it, and one bundle and the tiresome umbrella lay half way down the stoop as a result of her endeavors. With slightly flushed cheeks the girl picked up the awkward parachute, leaned it against the stoop rail, took a firmer hold on the slippery pannels and examined the palms of her snuggly-fitting gloves. This process gave her handkerchief to the breeze, and, mistaking the trifle for a miniature sail, the zephyrs playfully caught it up and wafted it half a dozen paces down the street. By this time a sad expression developed about the young lady's lips. She paid no heed to the results of an afternoon's industrious shopping now lying scattered at her feet, but plunged boldly into the intricacies of her smooth draperies and instituted immediate search for the mysterious pocket, within, which she supposed the key reposed. She pulled at one fold after another, until finally a section gave way, and, with a lurch, her hand disappeared in the depths of some bidden recess. The triumphant expression beginning to dawn upon the girl's features gave way first to one o*dismay and then to a growing mortification as memory seemed to point to the exact spot OB her dressing table from which she had not taken the key that afternoon. Indignant and disgusted, this independent young woman gave a vicious pull at the bell, bowed humbly as a sympathetit man gathered yp and restored her disordered belonjfjngs and passed out oi eight through the door held open by th« waJfrr-JS Y. Telegram, IOWA STATE NEWS. A Mutual Insnranco The State Business-Men's Associa* fcion is working up a mutual insurance scheme which will effectually annihilate the business of foreign companies in the State. The plan is to organise a mutual insurance company among the business-men and save aM expenses of agents and salaries of oflicers by having the business of the company done by agents of the Business-Men's Association, xvhich has branches in all the cities of the State. It is hoped to commence business with 510,000,000 worth of fire insurance policies, all taken by business men of the association. ISovertfi to tho Government. Judge Shiras in the United States District Court at Des Moines filed his decision in the ease of the United .States against the Sioux City & St. Paul railroad. Under his decision 30,000 acres of valuable lands in O'Brien and Dickinson counties revert to the Government. They were claimed by the railroad under Government land grant. Notice of appeal, was given and the case would be taken to the United States Supreme Court. The lands are chiefly occupied by bona-fide settlers, who hold their farms at 820 an acre. Cattlemen Organize. More than 100 live-stock shippers on the branch lines of the Chicago & Northwestern, Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul and other companies in the vicinity of Sioux City met and organized the Northwestern Iowa Live Stock Shippers' Association. The association includes some of the most extensive feeders and shippers in the. Northwest. A leading member said: "We have organized to protect ourselves against the discriminations of railroad companies." Drowned in a Well. j A 7-year-old son of John Eicl and an 8-year-old boy of Osmond Fell, of Lake Mills, fell into a well. The Avell was only seven feet deep, with about three feet of water, thinly coated with ice. Mrs. Fell, mother of one of the boys, heard the lads' cry for help. She jumped into the well and kept the boys' heads above water, but they died in her irms from cold and exhaustion before aid reached her. The exposure and shock nearly cost her her life. Threw Himself Before the Engine. An attendant of the insane hospital at Mount Pleasant was out walking with a patient named Swenk, and when they were near the railway station a passenger train approached. Swenk, heretofore quiet, became unmanageable, broke from the attendant, ran to the station and threw himself in front of the engine. The entire train passed over him, severing both legs and otherwise horribly mangling him. Very Unfortunate. Theodore Hartman, living in Stanton township, Plymouth County, is singularly unfortunate. About a year ago his hand was caught in a corn-sheller and mangled so badly as to necessitate amputation. A few days ago the stump of the same arm was caught in a sheller and fractured in such a way that a second amputation was necessary. Shot ana Killed. News was received in Mason City of the killing of D. A. Shannon, son of the landlord of the American House in Mason City. Shannon was 23 years of age and highly respected. The shooting occurred on the Little Missouri railway in North Dakota. The slayer, Louis C. Buss, of Sac City, was arrested by the passengers of the train. Burled by the County. / Mrs. Elizabeth Bennett died as an insane patient in Mercy Hospital at Davenport and was buried at the expense of the county. Her husband, dead some years, was once mayor of Davenport. Her half-brother lately gave §7,000 toward building a church at Des Moines. ' J Gold Discovered. A farmer named Ilaliowman, in Mahaska County, found a solid gold nugget weighing seventy ounces on the edge of a small creek on his farm, and it was believed that a heavy deposit of the precious metal would be found on investigation. in lii-ief. The residence at Des Moines of Secretary of State Jackson was burned. The Republicans elected twenty- three of the forty-two judges chosen at j the last election. Mary Harshborgcr, of Mount Pleas- ' ant, committed suicide by taking strychnine. Forty-one saloon-keepers were indicted at Keoltuk after fourteen days' investigation. At Hawarden, the 3-year-old son of Ed Sennett set fire to a tool-house and perished in the flames. Jefferson County lias voted to build a new court-house to cost $75,000. Strange Bros., wholesale dealers in hides and commission merchants at Sioux City, failed for §50,000. The Santa Fe road has decided to close its car-shops at Fort Madison. This will throw 150 men out of work. The annual meeting of the Iowa State Horticultural Society will be held at Des Moines, commencing January 3<J. W. W. Turpin of Burlington has been tendered the wardenship of the Government prison at Salt Lake City, and will accept. Edward E. Rice's World's Fair Company disbanded at Des Moines. The fifth annual meeting of the Iowa State ISbteddfod was held in Oaka- loosa. Roughs started a fight at Des Moinea during which Bernard Schreiner, city engineer, who was acting as peacemaker, was fatally shot by James Dempsey. An Iowa trotting and pacing circuit, including Davenport, Iowa City, Du« buqus, Cedar Rapids.Council Blufis and Independence has been organized. -The meetings will be held in July and §TJ6f, and purses amounting to 8105, HEMMED IN. General Mile* Masses His Troopsnml Place* thn Hostile Indians | n Such a J'onltlon That They Mnut Fight or gttrrentfar— ti'nronllrinod Humors of tho Slaying of More Soldier*. OMAHA, Neb., Jan. 8.—The Bee's fcpc.eial from Kushville says it is definitely known that liostiles to the number of about 1,100 are fortified near the mouth of White Clay creek, and that General Brooke, with detachments of troops, is swinging round to the north of them. General Carr is supposed to be approaching from the west and General Miles will make a dash from the swill. Tho force thus engaged is thought, to be ample for annihilating the entire, band unless some unforeseen complication or misfortune arises. Ambassadors, from this hostile camp bavo again been suing for peace arid offering to .surrender arms. It is not known here whether terms will be 'granted or not, but the general opinion prevails that in view of the recent actions of tlie rebels in shuigh tori rig troops while under a flag of truce riot much weight will be given tlie pretended repentance. That the hostiles have been largely reinforced within the last two days there is no longer any doubt, and there seems reasonable ground for rumors that .some Indians from other agencies or the British possessions liavc joined them. It is currently reported here that there, is a great row in the camp of the hostUes—the contention being as to the advisability of surrendering. This is not confirmed, but comes through a half-breed courier who ehiim.s to have just arrived from their camp. Except in the, case of unconditional sin render there will undoubtedly be a great battle. A report lias just reached here by courier that a foraging party of Indians from the uuiiri camp on the White Clay attacked last night the ranch of Douglass 1'oints. a few miles to the west, killed him and drove away his 400 cat- tlo. The rumor lacks official confirmation, but it seems reliable, nevertheless. A late special to the - Bee from Pine Ptidge says a scout just in from the bos- tiles says that fourteen cavalry horses with saddles and other equipments on were, brought into the hostile camp last night by young warriors. The scout heard the hostiles make remarks to the cJTect that there were fourteen less soldiers to fight and the hostiles had lost only two warriors in getting the fourteen cavalry horses. The scout's report has caused a new sensation here, which is being followed up by increased activity around military headquarters. That the intelligence means that a battle or skirmish has taken plaee in which Brooke's or .Carr's command has lost men there is little doubt. After the arrival of the scout who brought the above report another scout brought a second to the effect that a skirmish had occurred. Scout No. 2 said that he learned that Cheyenne hostiles made a rush upon a squad of Carr's Sioux scouts on Grass creek Thursday night and had killed several of them. LINCOLN, Neb., Jan, 3.—In response to urgent appeals from inhabitants of Northwestern Nebraska for protection against marauding bands of Indians Governor Thayer has sent telegraphic instructions to the commanders of militia at Fremont, Central City, Ord and Tekamah to leave on the first train with their commands for the scene of action. These troops will be divided between the towns of Chadron, Gordon and Hay Springs. The First Brigade has also been ordered to place itself in readiness to march on short notice. Should the militia comprised in this origade be ordered to move, as now seems probable, practically the whole of Nebraska's National Guard will be centered on the frontier. WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—General Scho- fiehl received a telegram from General Miles, dated at Pine Ridge agency January 1, saying that 3,000 Indians, men, women and children, and including about 000 bucks, are now encamped in a section of the Bad Lands about fifteen miles from the Pine Ridge agency, and there is almost a cordon of troops around them. General Miles announces that he hoped to be able to induce the hostiles to surrender without a struggle. The spot where they are encamped he describes as somewhat like the lava beds of California, where the Modocs made their final fight. It is an excellent position from an Indian standpoint, but there are now no avenues of escape, all having been closed by the troops. General Miles says the Indians have gathered some cattle and provisions and appear to be determined to make their flight for supremacy al this point. He says he will make another effort to get them back to the agency without bloodshed, and in order to do so he has established a regular siege around this stronghold. In round numbers General Miles has at his command about 10,000 officers and men, or nearly one-half of the entire army. The actual fighting strength will, however, fall several thousand below this number. The following are the regiments comprising this, the most important command General Miles has held since the war: The First, Second, Third. Fifth, Seventh, Eighth, Twelfth, Fifteenth, Seventeenth, Twenty-first and Twenty-second regiments of infantry, the First, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth anc Ninth regiments of cavalry and foui batteries of artillery. COSTLY AUTOGRAPHS. BYKON'S autograph is worth $25. SHELLEY'S autograph is in demand and will bring $100. THE only known letter written bj Titian brought $600. AN autograph of Burns will be readily purchased for $100. TBPB autograph of Dean Swift can not be purchased for less than $60. AUTOGIU.PHS oi Louis XIV. and oi Henry IV. are valued at $300 each. AVTOGBAPHS of Bo»d*lajr, Carlyle, Thackeray, Biwnarck and the Dulte of IN RUINS. Fire Destroy* tho Historic fifth Theater and 1'rof. H*r»-m&nt.'s Play-Mouse lit New York City.*Otlt«K ftuitdlngs linrnnd. . NRW YORK, Jan. 8.—Fire which 1* , was feared would result in the loss of the lives of at least half a dozen bravft, firemen broke out in the Fifth Avenue Theater shortly after midnight. With* in an hour that famous playhouse was practically destroyed* Herrmann's Theater was in flames and the entire block in grave peril. The fire broke out under the stage of the Fifth Avenue Theater. What was at first believed to be a false alarm proved to be one that destroyed a- whole block upon Broadway, besides the Fifth Avenue Theater, Herrmann's new play-house, a dozsn stores, and threatened the Sturtevant House oH the east side, of Broadway, between Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth streets. At half past 13 o'clock an explosion was heard in the building and a moment later the upper part of the city was illuminated by a huge sheet of flame which rose from the roof of the theater, enveloping the entire building and Hen-man's Theater immediately ad- -oining. Soon the whole block, from Twenty-eighth street to Twenty-ninth street, was in flames, while on the Twenty-eighth street side of the Fifth AvenuA Theater the flames burst from the* windows and. doors and threatened the Everard batha and other buildings on the opposite side of the street. Guests of the Brower House were early turned into the street. The Sturtevant House, opposite the Broadway entrance to the burning- theater, was in serious danger. For miles around the flames could be seen, shooting high into the heavens, and an enormous crowd gathered and crowded the neighboring streets. At 1 o'clock the wind veered from north to east and the top story of the Sturtevant House caught fire from embers from across Broadway. The firemen elevated their ladders, and, climbing up smashed the windows and shouted to the guests. Nearly all the guests, however, had taken flight. A, good part of the roof of the Sturtevant was destroyed. The sparks were blown as far as Third avenue. Broadway, between Twenty-eighth, and Twenty-ninth streets, during thes- most of the time presented the appearance of an active volcano. All the property burned belongs to- the Gilsey estate, and the total damage to buildings and contents is roughly estimated at §500,000. Manager Harry- Miller was early on the scene, as was also Prof. Herrmann. While the former saved nothing from the wreck, the professor and his wife worked like beavers. Mrs. Herrmann saved her four pet doves, but her husband sorrowfully said that his favorite trick apparatus,, -worth $30,000, was lost to him forever. The occupants of the stores on the west side of Broadway from Twenty- eighth to Twenty-ninth street, which number from 1185 to 1203, were as follows: No. 1185, J. J. Slater, shoes; 1187 was the side entrance to the Fifth Avenue Theater; 1189 was occupied by the Cash Register Company; 1191, J. B. Crook & Co., sporting goods; 1193, L. Spero, tailor; 1195, entrance to Herr- ' mann's Theater; 1197, A. E. Kirch, florist; 1199, J. B. White, jeweler; 1301, Wissman, florist, and 1203, Hannan & Son, shoes. The goods in all these stores are badly damaged by water, and should the walls topple in the salvage will be very small. They are At 3 o'clock the damage to the Sturtevant House, all told, was not over 85,000. There were some lively scenes in the Brower Hoxise, but there was no panic. No lives are known to have been lost, T although there were a dozen or more narrow escapes, and at one time it was thought that three firemen who were caught upon the roof-top would perish. The estimated loss on the Fifth Avenue Theater was $100,000 by H. C. Miner and §500,000 by the Gilsey estate. Miss Fanny Davenport loses $50,000, exclusive of her costumes, and Prof. Herrmann's loss is placed at $50,000. The Fifth Avenue Theater was built by the executors of the Peter Gilsey estate in 1873, on the site of Apollo Hall, for Mr. Augustin Daly. The building 1 has a frontage of 60 feet on Twenty- eighth and 05 in the rear, and is 160 feet deep. The vestibule occupied 20 'eet, the house 70, the stage 40 and the green-room 30 feet. It was built with, division walls of brick, fitted with iron doors and shutters, and was considered as fire-proof as could be expected. The scene-room and the painters' gallery were in a building 22x45 feet, adjoining the stage. The dressing-rooms were in the second and third stories over the green-room and the wardrobe was in the fourth story, the stage entrance being on Twenty-ninth; street. The theater was opened under Mr. Daly's management December 3, 1878, to a brilliant audience, who pronounced it a gem, the realization of an ideal theater, perfect in form and finish. Prof, Herrmann took possession of his theater last summer. The season be» fore this dainty little house of small seating capacity had been christened the New Gayety. It has been much better known as Dockstader's Theajfer, which Lew Dockstader made the homo of minstrelsy in 1886, before that two Comedy, and originally occupied by the San Francisco Minstrels. The theatajp had but one balcony, and seated 4S0 1 persons in the orchestra and 320 in tfcp balcony. FIVE LIVES LOST, Fatal Explosion on an OUlo River lioat Near I'ortsmoutU, O. POBTBMOUTH.O., Jan. 8.—Friday mfflfjp ing the towboat Anna Roberts, Pittsburgh, blew off a cylinder instantly killing fiv§ men and wounding many more, The was bound for Pittsburgh moving slowly up the river, but' full pressure of steam, cylinder exploded, , tearing boiler deck and burling bodies of the killed ajad twelve wounded into the rif ep, of the men killed and in tbgir bunfes j .