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VOL. XX. EVIiltY WKDNKSDAV STARR & HALLOCK, _ JOS. W. HAYS. Editor. . Terms of Subsoil t>tlOf\T One copy, one year. In advance ........... si no One copy, six months. In artvanoe ....... ••9'-™ One copy, three months, in atlvnnce ...... ' .in 0ne a?, ( ?E y ' ?1 e ycar ' H.notPtflrt'linKlvanee. 2.00 „„ , 8 " 1 ! )scr| t )tl <»w continue till 'Oraerea stopped and all arrearages are paid. >>»vveu BOOK AND JOB PRINTING. «»I''»>MOAW Ofllce for " """"Passed '« this ALGONA, KOSSUTH COUNTY, IOWA. WEDNESDAY, JAN. 7, 1891. present session of Congress. The Bill was passed by the House of Representatives July 24, 1890. It has been favorably reported to the Senate fey the Judiciary committee and will probably be C °«!!5f!f *£f a S U J° Present session. uf the PRINTED BY STEAWI POWER, Gov. Boies' New York speech was intended for political 'effect. It is having it,—not thefeirad of 'pbKtical. effect how ever that Gov. Boies intended. i!H e t ?t ?- C ?- Dif) l rkit Oourts have iginal jurisdiction, bat State Courts rig^t? coatrovorsie8 Solving property are to too appointed and led by Circuit Courts •ue district judge is on will be appointed by the at the bench. "Trustees creditors. "The referee shalteause an expeditious Qd Hflonnminnl <,rt.~,:., :„» »!_.. *,., and eoonpmical adtninistration'of theVs" tale, and return *he records court, into the, chief and perhaps its only objection. In 1880 the people of this state paid $3,457 WO for flrc insurance; only $1,439,000- less than half of this enormous sum was paid in losses. The balanoo went into profits, additional surplus tonnakc profits for tbestockholders,aml expenses-ncce*- sary and unnecessary. The State Business Men's Association -of Marahaltown is the fiirst t» come forward with a proposed solution >«C the insurance question and the first to suike a blovr the well organized trust known state Board of Insurance. The Times Republican of Dec. as at the The Washington 'G Boies made such a observes, "Gov. strong plea for the farmer that the 'voters of Iowa will be strongly temp ted ''to elect a farmer govern or next fall." We -are a little bit surprised that Gov. Boies -did not toil a bigger lie while he was in the business and show that the Eepublican institution of prohibition had '"Che trustees shall reduce the estate to cash and distribute it in dividends to th« creditors as soon as possible. ?ts - of bank;ru P tc y shall consist «f losing. done its share in making corn a crop for the Iowa farmers. Corn to be a good price down in Kentucky, when 'the demand for the juice there is taken into consideration. down The New Years' edition of the Sioux City Journal contained 44 pages and was a reflection of the enterprise that has gone to'make Sioux City.-the kind of ^nterprise that is always necessary to make* great city. The Journal is one of r ( ie very best newspapers in all the north- jpjst and its editorial page will compare* k(with-the best and brightest anywhere. .; The situation pu the frontier is more favorable. Five bands of hostiles came in yesterday and surrendered to General Miles, The seriousness of the situation' at Pine Ridge is increasing, however The.entire hostile force, numbering about: i - , (TOfthm six monthfl before the filing of a pent ion m bankruptcy) concealment to avoid the serviced civil process, re mew al.ot property toiprevent its being levied upon departure -or absence with intent todolay or defraud creditors, failure (for thirty davs to secure the release of pron •erty levied upon, making a conveyance •with intent to defraud or delay creditors, making a written declaration of insolvency, making an assignment, ' procuring a judgment, or suffering a judgment wTth intent to defraud or de'ay creditors, suf- tenng an execution to return unsatisfied suspending and not resuming payment of commercial paper for thirty days, velun tanly petitioning to be adjudged a bank <rupt, making a conveyance or suffering property to be taken while insolvent for the purpose of giving a preference, or 'dealing in options while insolvent. "Compositions may be confirmed after, •not belore, the bankrupt has been ex amined in open court or at a meeti-nff of 'creditors, and after the filing of the schedule of assets and list of creditors The court will not confirm the composi' tion unless it is for the best interest of all the creditors, and unless the bankrupt has not been guilty O f any acts which would prevent his discharge. They will be set aside within six months after being made, in the event fraud was practis eel, upon the hearing for confirmation. A discharge will be granted to a pel- son, not a corporation, when applied for arter two and within six months after the adjudication, unless it appears that the bankrupt has failed to keep proper books ot account, coinmkted a folony, committed perjury, iailed to act in good faith given a preference whi - , - — -- ~~~. 3%) do•tails a scheme for the organization of a Mutual Fire Insurance Company within the Iowa State Business Men's Association. The plan fa to organize a com pany on the old tltoe basis, with the enormous profits and high salarytfeatures eliminated, which will make tke actual cost to the policy 'holder about 83 pet- cent, cheaper thmi at present, under the regular board rartes. The scheme is ro- ceivmir the beany endorsement of the local associations throughout,the state. At the State Couveutioti whioh will be heldinCedwKapids some time i n February it will ,be finally decided upon. The members -of the association everywhere and Hwinesa men in .general will certainly M . ao Jiule interest fa ^ Below is * .prospectus of the new company as presented to the Iowa State Business Men s Association by the Secretary, Mr. A. S. Burnell, of Marshailtown- ffiSSft^^**? Sp^s^fii-s^H^ mg prejudice against ordinary forms mutual insurance, I have concluded to PE^lfe?" con.ideralioa a plan for com the the country n ,-e decidedly suggestive. The calamity orators have been assuring <u that the farm mortgages of Kansas, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Iowa and Wisconsin footed up about $5, 000, 000,000. The census returns, in this mat ter of mortgages, show that the total mortgage indcbtedncssof the whole United States does not exceed $850,000,060 and three fourths of them were for money to rnalw needed improvements. The calamity orators have beea stating the farm mortgage indebtedness of Illinois alone at $1,000,000,000! The calamity Carnegie's partner,' was tluTastoundin" assertion. I was completely flnbbe*- gasted. That was tho mutest and the most yet convincing argument I ever had to withstand. Without a word I closed up my grips and took tho next tram out of town. I had come to the very natural conclusion that if men worth $20,000,000 took their smokes at four for five I did not stand much show with the plebeian smokers."— Philadelphia Enquirer. oraters a«e big flgurers, but there is "beam lie" aboiit them. Fret! Trade. The following, from Heary Labouchere editor of the London Tricth, is clear, logical reasoning, as well «s sound truth and beyond doubt explains the political of nine-tenths of thinking proclivities men: no fanatical free-trader; I am one geographical^ American I shoi tionist. Being Li If I had been an have been a prolec- Englishman I am a given a preference which has not -been surrendered, knowingly made a tfalse 4,'000, is concentrated near the agency. A cordon of troops is being thrown _ the-encampuient-the entire force num-I st fS tementl to secur . e erediiTbribeVany bering about 5,400. There is a lara> '« H ° r ctredi !'° r ', fraudulently transfer- ».b. 0, MeDdlJ M1MS „ S.-.5K1 yss.TStSs& i 1 ? sx^s KS nipt. The discharge will be set -aoide within two years after being granted up ou proof that it was fraudulently obtain- . camp anxious to come into the agency, rand a fight between the Indians is ini- i;-minent. «Wt«ry «aotion7«dT«tortlon8 1 !5 he rS^?' 11 ?' 3 combinalion - nor to Jo? puas ze the demand for reasonable and sale insurance. It is neces 8 arj°however to a proper understanding of'the olan hereinatter Bronosed. u,«t f,^. 1 "?., p i au tree trader. If I were a Canadian I should advocate a customs union with the Unit ed States, although, ae an Englishman I should be sorry if this union were effected. The mistake of political economy is to suppose that it is based on principles of universal application. My'reason, as an Englishman, for being a free trader is not any theoretical admiration .of free trade, but because we should lose more than we should gain by protection." Protection proved a big bonanza for manufacturing New England, and will do proportionately as much for manu- factoring in the South, and sensible men always vote for the measures which they conceive to be to their own interests and the interest of their country. muons or mutua benefit exktimr tween the Interstate Tracer S publishers of Burnell's -credit the latter, enlarging iis Thn-BM f •»•„ U T heexem P"'ous of a bankrupt shall ^ me.Elections Bill was displaced in the '"!? ll)C same as ai ' e provided by the laws senate Monday by a vote of 34 to 26 ,1°;J,'- e bta f c(1in wh jc" the proceedings are Phe-financial bill is now occupying the """ attention of that august body. The dis at .petition. "Preferred filing of the creditors are those who ,_, — —^ . ***v/tijo i — ^--»«« vi-^Mj uw« o iti t; viiiJsv WtiO' lacement of the election bill is regarded llavu > wi . th in four months before the filkg V the enpmiua nf «l,o K;ll j_ ,, . , Of a petition. Dl'OCUrert nrnnnrttr F^rvr,i a « the enemies of the bill as a death blow to -the measure. petition, procured property from ea 1 « each other for the existing con- 1-oentage than other creditors, or to DM- .of affairs. The Republican caucus L vent ^ e P r °Perty from coming to Ute onday night was very thinly attended t* FU8eem bankruptcy. If a preference yy cas Tho Tariff—A Fable. li\-KM I'KUKIMS. .. SoKth Berwick (Me.) Life: A (half- starved, unprotected English jackass was craziag on short grass and thistles by the roadside, when lie fat American horse protected by a high him: "•«>..•.,•. looked up and saw a grazing on clover fence, and said to scr, pl ,ons to its . commercial repts ami hence increase its profits, in exact nrn portion to the development of n^ bus be made to vote on the financial bill 1 "Debts which have priority are those next Thursday. which are due as taxes when the pronertv is subject thereto. Other debts having Last week's Courier was a strange com-1 Se^eTtie" ±f^±iS osite.of the flattest contradictions the , wn£es , (lue em P lo yes according to the n< lest statements and the moat rirliVn - 8 fetate> autl debts i conclusions, As a parade ef stupid ' ^^ ""^ *° ^ ° f mponsisteucy and gross misrepresenta tian the last issue of the Courier was success, and no mistake. We regard it as the bright, finished product of Hinchon's .peculiar editorial genius. Of course the Courier felt called reason only is" the IiUemateTriujer Company able ,to co-operate with the State Business Men's Association in what been doing business in Iowa, 113 differ ent companies. The amount of ' P remiul "s paid on eame "Dividends shall bo declared and paid a i , an e 9. ual Percentage on ajl allowed " ' claims or the same class as soon as possi- "Liens obtained by compulsory process wjtlu-n four months before the filing of a petition in bankruptcy shall be dissolved Iowa press. that all the other calamity organs in the state felt the same way, but most of them had sense-enough not to go quite as far as tbe Courier did. The Courier has the choice along with Gov. Boies to either hack dowa or reconcile the material prosperity of the fanners of this state with ithe calamity stories to which they have ^"'h subscribed. ...«»,._....,........, nn . ; i prior to YS T i ^ * . ; -— o~«** J.MIIUA, i*ud not m We suppose contemplation of bankruptcy and fora - • ' present consideration, shall not be affect- same, «a u « !l«) wo or l8G , J lo ? ses P aid 48»,683.35, -leaving a total foi- im l ' ryi The above figures do ncue te farmers' mutual insurance companies in the state ot Iowa, of which there are 110° which insured in 1889 $59,499 079 on' losses * not include the Siiok f\f,K 10 --•"^-^""cu in premiums, •iM^o.uao.i^. They had an expense of SKS-s^uar sjtear, farra - fn 1 ^,^^ 011111011 ^^ Collars of YOUS EYE VEIL" ON "There is a man who will be heard and pelt in the next congress" said Congressman Boutelle of Maine, as Mr. Dolliver passed us on the floor of the house to- lay. "In addition to his abilities as an :ator, that young man possesses an baount of reserve force which is remark- ble Again and again he was urged to peak upon various topics during the last session, by republicans who knew his splendid abilities. Few young men could have resisted such pressure. But Mr Dolliver freqently said: 'You gentlemen may forget that I am a new member but I da not.' But in the next congress he will be one of the leaders, and I predict i that he will bear himself well under all jcircumstances." And he will. He is as able as the ablest, and he has an advantage which is impregnable. He h^s the Igor of comparative youth on his side. £eep your eye on Dolliver.—Washington The enactment of the bill is desired by business men in all sections of the count ry. It has received tbe approval of a National convention consisting of tbe Representatives of tbe commercial bodies of tbe United States and is generally endorsed wherever it i« understood. The Hon. Ezra B. Taylor, chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Kepresentatives, in discussing with a reporter, the measures pending before Congress, said: 8 "In a legislative experience extendinc over more than ten years, I have never known a measure to be presented to Con gress, the enactment of which was more generally urged than the Torey bankrupt pill. It is remarkable for the terseness of Us style, the fairness to both debtor and creditor of its provisions, and the expedition and economy it will necessitate m the settlement of estates. . "I am of the opinion, not only because its enactment is demanded by the people without reference to section or party, but because of the merits of the measure, that it should be passed during the present session. The actual cost of insurance in the doing business "My American friend, please take dowa your fence and let me come in and help you eat down your surplus." "This surplus of clover don't bother me as much as a deficit would," said the American horse. "I guess I will keep the feuoe up." , "But .let us have free trade and reciprocity," eaid the British ass, "you are free to come oyer and browse . on this road. Let me try your clover." "There wouldn't be much reciprocity m trading clover for;thistles," said the horse. "I will keep the meadow and you can have ike hillside, unless you pay me something to come in." "But a few more feeders would stimu late business and—" "Yes, when the feed gets short," interrupted the horse, as he slyly winked one eye. "But all the world feeds on this public highway," whined the poor jackass, "and don't you see I am starving for some of your clover?" "Sarve away," said the American horse, "the fence works well and my feed grows betaer every year. I can stand the surplus." And he went on cramming himself with clover while the poor free trade ass starved to death on thistles. Giving Canes Shape. The cultivation of walking sticks for the market has been taken up as a business at some places in continental Europe and special attention is often paid to making the roots grow into shapely forma for the handles. A London inanuiaoturiii" establishment, the floor space of which covers nearly an acre, has extensive storehouses filled wir,h native and forei-m sticks, from which stock is drawn atTit is wanted from the shops. The sticks as they grow are often very crooked and have to be straightened A heap of sand is provided on the top of a hot stove, into which the sticks are plunged until they become pliable The workman takes the crooked stick- while it is still hot and inserts-it in a notch cut in a stout hoard, placed at an angle inclined from him, where he bends and strains it. When it hiw become perfectly straight it is thrown down to cool, after which it becomes ri"id and permanent in its lines. Heat is an important element in this matter and produces different effects on the several lands of wood, the degree of heat necessary to straighten one kind of stick bein- often sufficient to spoil another kind. The same power which makes a crooked stick straight is applied to make a straight one crooked; B0 we find thit the rigid stems of bamboos, partridge canes, and all tho various kinds of sticks that are required to be curled or twisted are by the application of- heat made to assume almost any shape or fonn.- xoutn s Companion. No. 14, She Wn« Dazzled. f !l good stor y afc the expense of Col. Moore, one of the members of the Everett Piano company, and no one enjoys it better than he does. While he was a resident of Colorado some years ngo he was appointed a member of the staff of Governor Grant, and on the day the governor was inaugurated the staff appeared in resplendent uniforms, that of Col. Moore being further embellished wiI h the medals he had won for distr gniBhed bravery in the Crimean war fi he had served there when a mere lad The colonel is a large, handsome man, and with his uniform and medals is pretty apt to make considerable of a display. On this occasion, when the augnration was over, ho called upon a friend while still in uniform. A little girl answered the bell, and as she went back into the house with eyes wide open ini astonishment her mother asked, Who is it?" to which she replied, "I don t know; I think it's GodP-Boston m- A Stimulant to tlic Gus Industry. Many of those who wcro interested in the manufacture and sale of gas in this country bavo been much exercised by the thix-l-ued supersession by the electric hghfc of the older illnminaut; but there is now every reason to believe that instead of injuring the ff as industry, the mtralncripn of electricity f or mg purposes will limited estenfc stimulate it to an un- the costly rtrugti. Among costly drags W e might mention " following and tho different sized ly;t only has the fact been established that the superior brilliance of electric light m streets and store, where it is used calls tor more light in competitive- si uations, where gas alone is employed? but it has been demonstrated that the use of gas in engines as a motive power to drive electric light machinery will nrodunfi fiYm-i-fiTo *-« ,.:—ii .-. .. - power produce from five tolix taTth^liS that could be obtained by burning the same amount of gas in the ordinary way through a burner. A now field has thus for bottles and phials in which they arc sold- Agancin, 4A ounces, costs $40.75- colo- cynthin 5J ounces, §114.75; coniine hydrochlorate, 4i ounces, $08.45; cycla- mm, Si ounces, $54.05;. digitosin, U ounces, $87.40; gentisin, U ounces, $91 15- helitropin, 6 ounces, $01.25; dydrastine' hydrochlorate, 6-J- ounces, $194.80; papay- otm, used as a solvent for the diphtheritic membrane, 13 ounce bottles, per bottle, $189.50. Besides the above there are various preparations made from the Calabar bean the cost of which is amazing. They are chiefly used in diseases or the eye. One is called physostigmine alkaloid and costs §137.50 per ounce phial Phy- sostigmmo cr.vstals are still more expen sive, being sold in 21 ounce bottles at « cost of $303.15. Still another preparation of the Calabar is physostigmiue salicylate crystals, an aristocratic dru- that surely furnishes a fitting cap sheaf for this pyramid of costly staffs, which is furnished to the customer who is able tobuy at the reasonable charge of ,$1,810 - UHO rrvr a. f> nn-nor> ^l,,-«l cu. r . _ ' been opened up work, in which th Brolly instead ^^ir^^Itor.- New \oi-h Commercial Advertiser. Hmn land acts o Know. a quiet voice, courtesy and as essential to the part in """ asc" Second-That roughness, and even foolhardiness .*»'«,* ness. Tho most firm and coara-wns m ?rM e S; vlly been ! the mosfc healTh ""wcriar strengtll Fourth-Tliat a brain crammed only bov of u t to the man Culls Grover uousas to percentages of loss etc is hazardous; This is where mutu . Editor Dana, of the New York Sun, gives Cleveland another severe thrust by referring to him as the "stuffed figure of the shirker and skulker, the coward in the fight, the adored object of the anti democrats of New York." 0 2 Ofora 3o unco P hial^t"£;^^: public. He Was Not Anxious to Leavii Professor Albert Boehm, of this city ia an enthusiastic naturalist. He has a lar/w collection of birds and animals and makes a practice of exhibiting them at lairs. The professor was at the Winona tair, and had his museum in a tent on the groiinds. One day a gentleman stepped in by the tent and looked at n couple of coons which were tied to a stake near the entrance. He did not know what tae animals were and asked the professor, who told him they were coons ami Rn.in* ><Tf \-™-. ,™'TI _: , ' Keeping tl.d CMoken Back. When the chicken incubator show peann ture baud. Pittsburgh Favorite "Talking about .that Smokers.' apology for and yet furnish .« avoid this risk reliable insurance at cheaper rates than 'those' cuV nTrn'ong speculative companies which engage"! tbe business for profit, it is manifest K no curtailment of the percentMe of f undJ set apart to.pav losses' can be permiued that.no deviation from the ' ! I was traveling for house that made a A NEW INSURANCE SCHEME. That old line fire insurance costs too much, has long been an admitted fact. How to save the profits of the business to the policy holder and get insurance at cost has long been a question to the man that insures. The plan of tbe assessment company certainly posesses the feature of cheapness,—generally at a sacrifice of feature of insurance, To insure to make sure, and the old-line from the rule of accum' «>,« l £ ou| s ° 1Dg into detail or displaying the extravagances of old line manaJ* na* special representative, adjusters and twenty p er cent agent-it doe. not need arued tha that one hundred cents in- insurance should be made to than forty-one and six-tenths qents of actual loss. If the busiaess men . . impositions without murmur. , .theyshould the present sys- Why He Vied o» Saturday. Bjeuks—Whither? special iu the Des Moiues Register, 'HE emoke the Pittsburg stogie reminds me of a peculiar experience I had with that article some years ago," said an old time cigar drummer at the Continental hotel. a Philadelphia fine line of goods only, and had met onl/with indifferent success. I was looking f orward to Pittsburg as a Mud of El Dorado, and imagined sales of great magnitude in the Smoky City. "I arrived in the evening and immediately started ou$ to interview the trade About the first place I struck was a prosperous looking cigar etore, but I noticed that among the stock the stogie seemed to predominate. I presented my card to the proprietor, talked up my stock and firm to him in great fOmpe, but did not seem to be inak^jg any great headway. The proprietor assured me that he was full up, but said he would look over my samples the f olio wing morning if I would step in. While I was talking to him and endeavoring to prolong the conversation, a gentleman walfeed i» who immediately impressed me ua being one of the solid men of thetowiv He had that unmistakable sleek aod well fed air of fortune's favorite. Walking U p to the he selected four stogies and o»e, UM 4ow» a five cent out. and said: -If you w m gi ve ^ ten and come inside the tent, when you come out you will know more about natural history than any of your normal professors. The offer was a good one. but the gentleman refused and turned away Professor Boehm asked a bystander who it was, and was told, "Professor , of the Wmona normal school."—La Crosse Leader. land. 'The New Game. The climax in golf has come in Eng- ad. It is not simply men who work chiefly with their brains-judges, clergymen, artists, journalists, members of parliament and novelists—that have taken to it almost en masse, and are never weary of singing its praises as the cole perfect cure for dyspepsia, the mea- gnms and worry. Young athletes are abandoning cricket aqd football for golf und are competing with each other as to who can "drive the longest balV'—Es- cuanae. Well Preserved IJlankets. Hon. Moses Tenney, of Georgetown, state treasurer, and receiver general from 18o6 to 1801, sleeps between blankets woven by his wife's mother 100 years ago. Tho blankets have been in use the greater part of tho llmo since they were made, and are in a remarkable state of preservation. Mr. Tenney is neariug tour score years, and is remarkably active for one so old.—Haverhill Bulletin and thinking the chick was'up. Lme'brf U ' ely> Sll ° P ro ™P«y some brown paper over the aper- the egg and with a eelf satisfied a the coming of her bus- declares now that there is nothing like a woman for inirenuirv Lawrence Eagle. ^tenuity.— PROTECTION OR FREE-TRADE. WHICH? Do you want to keep thoroughly posted on the effects of the New- Tariff Law, as shown from week to week ? Do you wanf to know all about the policy of Protection and have an answer to every fa!,-: siatcment of the Free-Traders? Yes? Then subscribe for your home- paper and the AMI.UICAN ECONOMIST, published weekly by the American Protective Tariff League, New York.. (Sample copy free). The ECONOMIST is ao acknowledged authority on Protection and should be widely read. The yearly subscription of the ECONOMIST is $2, but we have made a special arrangement with the publishers by which we ' can send you the ECONOMIST for one year the REPUBLICAN for $3.55. 4s far from this town as 1 caw get. Pack Monday. Bjenks—Wherefore?