The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on December 24, 1890 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 24, 1890
Page 8
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Farm andjM-Yard. JAMES WILSON, Hclitor. (Wens aye solicited from our farmer readers. Queries will he answered. Address to the Editor, Jnines Wilson, Truer, Iowa.) ALGONA, IOWA, Dec. 24, 1890. A trust is to be formed in barb wire, and the wire is to be put up in price. This is the order of the day. Currency has increased in the last twenty years from $19.08 (o $23.96 percapitn. The actual increase has been $727,760,709. In central been W. L. DOUGLAS 53 SHOE GENTLEMEN. Vine Cnlf nnd Traced Waterproof Grain. xcellence nnd wearlne qualities of this shoo be better shown than by the strong endorse- I Its thousands of constniit wearers. SB-DO Oeniilno Hand-sewed, an elegant and ^ stvlfsu dress Shoo which commends Itself Hanil-newed Welt. A flue calf Shos unequalled for style and durability 'S' 80 «in 0ll ^ enr w i c " ls the standard dress *f _ Shoe, at a popular price. 3 <SO £?l» c n" lm i n * 8I J 00 is especially adapted for railroad men, farmors, etc. All made Iu Congress, Button and Lace. Iowa the grass has growing undo,. t i lc snoWi tlmt actg ag ft kindly mantle to shield it from the cold winds. The ground is not frozen. Dr. Wallace stated at the breeders' meeting that { the farmers, constituting forty-five per cent, of the population of Iowa, pay sixty-five per cent, of the taxes. party politics that regularly disorganize. Even the Declaration of Independence is not safe, not the Constitution of the Nation. What hope of general effort to fight trusts when we read the doings at Ocala. The great trusts lay politics aside while they raise prices. , AaJc your Dealer, and If he cannot su W. I, u send £"2 DOUGLAS, HrocUton, Mania. F. S. Stough, Agent. There is u hint to us in the carefulness of the British board of agriculture re garding potatoes. Change of seed and the rotation of crops help the potato re sist disease. Change of seed and rotation of crops are salutory as far as all crops are concerned. We de not change seed of ten enough. Turkeys Wanted, Do not sell or contract your Turkeys to pariic» travelh)i>- thronirli the country until yun have seen us and obtained our prici'H. Board man Bros. This Space Reserved for Parish, the tinner. The resolutions adopted at Ocala will be repudiated by the alliance up North, or the best element will drop out as they did when the National Grange resolved in favor of n subsidy for Tom Scott's Southern Pacific railway, and the verv element among northern farmers needed in the organization will not drop in. There was an interesting discussion of red top grass at the breeders' meeting. Director Speer reported its feeding value above most grasses. Several 'farmers advised sigainst sowing it. Our observation is that stock shun it when it grows up uneaten. When youug and tender they eat it. We do not now sow any of it, as we like to have pastures abundant. Jay Gould is reported to have gotten control of most of the railways west of Chicago. This will simplify matters. When a few great combinations own the railway systems of the country general laws will operate more smoothly, or government ownership will follow. Strong roads and weak roads do not work well brings under the same statute. State jurisdiction clash, problem is solving itself. Nation and The railway tfnst Mull wit,h A' Trains Great Xiitimial Itoute between Kansas City iuia St. Joseph, Mo. 570O allies of Koiicl reiiehill all Cllica"0 < "" lca "°' ^S:^^™^^^ or to R. Miller, A, V. H, Carpenter, Oen'l Manager. Gen'l russ. & Ticket A't. CSfFor in tlie rorereace to Lands waukoe, n oj ' p Asrv, write Commissioner, Mll- Teacher's Reports AT HEI J UJLICAX OFFICE. Tl.e Red lliver Valley of Minnesota and North Dakota has never had a foil ure of crops. It produced ^0,000,000 bushels of wheat besides other cereals in 1SUO. Farms can be had on the crop plan, or long time cash payments. It l-i uot an uncommon tLiu^ to pay for a farm from the proceeds of one crop. It. 1ms all of the advantages of uu old country iu the shape of school, church, market, postal and railway facilities, uud all the chances of a new country in the way of cheap lauds, rich soil, aud increase in values. It is one of the rnosi fertile aud promising regions iu America not yet fully occupied. Iu tlie rush to the far west, however, this rich valley has been overlooked. 1 1 Las room for a million more people. Write to P. 1. WHITNEY, «t, Paul, JJiun., for particulars. Publications sent free. No farmer who has a herd of good dairy cows sl.ould sell them and buy sheep if he has help to milk the cows. Nothing pays on the farm like a good cow. But many farmers are so situated with regard to help that they can handle sheep better than dairy cows. Besides, many farmers can profitably keep a few mutton shenp in addition to their cow stock. No matter what invites change, stick to the cows if you have the help. The fat stock show awards demonstrate that young animals gain more than older ones. This points out the profits of early maturity, and suggests the wisdom of getting good blood that will feed kindly, and good keeping for profit. All breeds conform to this rule. The Short horn shows the greatest grain, but it must be remembered that they are the plenticst cattle, and breeders can get a better se lection for less mouey than of the scarcer breeds. This, perhaps, is the most val uable lesson the feeder gets from the fat stock show. Mr. Seevers, of Oskaloosa, who welcomed the breeders to that town at their late meeting there, specking of the depletion of the Western ranges of their herds, said the three States, Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho had not cattle enough ;o supply the three cities of Chicago, Dmaha and Kansas City for sixty days. He says farther: "The wild grass is eaten out aud nothing is taking its place." He traveled all over the range country and made extensive inquiries. There will be a soaro'ts' «.**«. t ou much sacrifice ot lean stock before many months. Discussion of rotation of crops at Oska loosa brought out various practices. Gabrilson grows corn on sod, then oats and then clover for three years. Others vari ed this by two crops of corn, then one of oats and two or three years of grazing. The great value of clover was universally admitted. Testimony was given that the corn-root worm was likely to affect corn the third year. One farmer who rotates crops—corn and oats with clover, grew COO bushels of rye ou twenty-two acres. A neighbor who alternates corn with rye got ninty-four bushels of rye from the same acreage. Bulletin No. 11, of the experimental station at Ames, is a very interesting re port. It treats of hay making, advises the use of caps, and a ventilating pole in The Ocala meeeting of Alliance men, mostly southern, endorse the sub treasury scheme. That is as we understand it, an annex to the treasury of the UnitedStates to loan money to the farmers of the nation at two per cent, on land and crops. How is the nation to get the money? Are other classes to be taxed to loan to us? Must farmers who do not want to bonow money pay taxes to furnish money to those who want to borrow? No administration dare try such a scheme. No party will ever advocate it. It seems when farmers try to get sensible things done they get led off by schemes whose heads are in the clouds. The sub treasury scheme is as bad as Argentine banking or Law's south sea bubble. No harm will come of it, but sur.h wildness farmers into contempt. The present output of lard is 600,000,000 pounds, of which over half is adulterated by cotton seed oil. Northwestern farmers suffer and ask Congress to command all lard products, whether pure or not, to be sold true to name. The Alii ance people of the south, in session at Ocala, oppose this and desire their profits from the fraudulent sale of their cotton seed oil under the name of our hog's lard. We kick. They are as bad as Jay Gould at his worst. We have no faith or confidence in any act of farmers in alii ance or out of it who propose fraud. Sell your cotton seed oi as such, and let our lard sell as our hog's lard. A pretty set to reform the body politics, indeed. And the cotton seed fraud all for the benefit of a trust iu Chicago, for the cattle trust who own the cotton seed oil concerns. In the language of Capt. Bell, "Let us be honest." C. L. Cabrilson writes very sensible paragraphs for the Farm,Stock and Home. He is not an advocate of water heaters, but prefers water at the well temperature. and took notes. Prof, fiudd got his facts in ttussin when he visited that country some years ago looking for fruit trees He thinks it wrong to have sheep depend on snow for drink. The snow must be heated by the stomach,and this is a drain on animal heat. He is dead set against riding plows, and is right there. A boy, a lame man or an old man may be justi fled in using riding plows, but they pull harder and do not announce defective running as the walking plow does. He favors feeding oats in the straw, and he is ahead of the times there. More farmers will see the point. He gives the calves a little rennet in skim milk that aids digestion. He thinks fall plowing should be done as soon after reaping as possible, and we agree with him there al so. He thinks young people on the farm should have some little interest so as to show appreciation, and he warns against too- much, as it might lead to extravagance. Altogether we like Gabrilson's work. It touches the farm, home, stock, soil and all. to suit Iowa. We suggest to our readers all over Iowa to send to Secretary Rusk, at Washington, for beet seed. Grow them carefnlly on new, clean sod land, or on manured old land. Plant at different seasons, quite early and also late. Plant in early, warm land, and on heavy bottom land. We believe there is good beet sugar land in every county in the slate. Plant on land well drained, naturally or artificially. When the crops are grown,label the beets from different lands and plantings and send them to Washington for analysis. Then it will be practical to start small mills all over the state and make our own sugar. The government bounty is liberal and money is now being made. Continental Europe cngagt-d beet sugar male ing the same way. The farmer who sells the beets can haul home the pulp and save putting up so much feed of other kinds. This will give a great impulses to our dairying in Iowa, give work through the early winter to our growing population, diversify crops, save money to the farmer, the state and the nation. HOG CHOI/EKA. The breeders' meeting at Oskaloosa was a great success. About 100 farmers from different counties met and discussed the things pertaining to the farm that farmers are thinking about at present. Secro tray Rusk sent an agent to tell us what steps were being taken to bring the federal government into touch with the farm ers of the country. During two days those interested in the different breeds of fine animals discussed the farm from the standpoint of each. A very interesting discussion took place among the hog men. Professor Stalker, of the veterinary college at Ames, says that hog cholera is just as contagious as diphtheria or small pox, and just as much care should be taken to prevent its spread. He does not regard inoncula- tion as practical. He has no faith in specifics. The disease works so rapidly that it cannot be treated. We must drive it together, may be equal, except also put The Southern Alliance people make haste to shut the door in Northern men's faces by putting in their resolutions mat ter distinctly partisan. There can be no cooperation of a hearty nature between Northern and Southern farmers if either borrow from political platforms. South Carolina farmers elected Tillman, who forthwith proceeds to attack the Declaration of Independance ,by denying the equality of human beings at birth. We think there are broad lines along which all American farmers can co-operate. The colored alliance people of the South resolve against the pending lard bill. They want our pure lard to carry the cotton seed oil and help the cotton seed oil trust at our expense. Those Southern farmers, white and black, must vote fair. We are not ready to say that "all men are not created free and equal." We will not rest quite while twenty per cent, of lard minori with oigut/ per cent, of cotton seed oil sells for pure lard oil and thereby robs us of the legitimate market for honest lard and depresses the price of our hogs. We"willrco-operate in whatsoever is American, "whatsoever is of good report, whatsoever is true." THE BEET. Prof. Budd, of Ames, had a very inter- breeders' meet- It seems that center. Thejcomponent parts of many of our grasses are given after analysis. Much experimenting has been done to arrive at a reliable milk test, aud great progress has been made. The lost butter fat in buttermilk is found to be fifteen to twenty pounds in 1,000 of butter made. The potato weevil i.s inquired into, the one that blisters, we suspect. A kerosene sheep dip is discussed. Altogether the station is doing good work. Apply to B. F. Spear for copies. The harvester trust promises lower prices, aud so did the sugar trust and coffee trust. Combinations of capital can produce lower, as expense is cut down, imt the power to raise prices is in the lands of combinatious. Extensive combinations among consumers could control prices, but we see no hope of our farmers' organization iu the cation avoiding esting paper read at the ing, on the sugar beet. __. Iowa has much soil suitable for the sugar beet. A rich, warm soil is needed, and he thinks the latitudes between 41 and 43 are well suited for their growth. One point made by Mr. Budd is very well timed. Small?plants costing $10,000 or less are, he claims, most profitable, because the beet tops aud pulp are very valuable to feed milch cows, tening or for sheep feeding, works at Grand Island must steers fat- The large haul long distances, which take off profits. Experts are required to manipulate the beet. The plants must grow thick to insure their not being too large. They require bill ing up instead of having the earth removed as in turnip^growing, as the sugar is found in the part of the beet beneath the surface. Three tons of pnlp are equal to one ton of liay, and the factories squeeze the pulp so dry that it will keep for months after leaving the mills. The beets can be stored up and worked after frost, which does not injure them for sugaring purposes. The best size of beets weigh, from one and one-half to two and one-half pounds. They grow six inches apart in the bills and the rows about eighteen inches apart. From fifteen to twenty tons grow on au acre. Jlr. Al. Swain, the editor of the Oskaloosa H'>r- ald, promises us an article p» the sugar beet. He visited the Graad Island works out of the country, the Professor thinks, by inspection, quarantining and eradica tion, as the cattle plague was driven out. He thinks hogs should not be put where cholera has been soomer than six months. With regard to the carrying of the germs of disease, he told of small pox coming from Los Angeles, California, and affect ing people simultaneously in Iowa in four different places, hundreds of miles apart. So it is with hog cholera. The Small pox was at once quarantined, and its spread stepped. Hog disease must be treated the same way. Last spring we heard of the plague in the north part of Tama county. During the summer we heard of farm after farm losing bogs. If small pox had got a lodgment, and no steps had been taken to stop its spread, as in old times there was not, our cemeteries would count hundreds of graves from its ravages. It would seem common sense to legislate the hog plague the same as for cattle plague. The United States was appealed 10 to stop its spread. It had affected most of the Eastern States aud reached Chicago. Chicago opposed legislation, with some honorable exceptions, sent lawyers to prevent ac tion, had a big lobby with money, and reached far and wide to exert influence. The farmers woke up, petitioned and demanded. An act was secured that overtook the plague in Chicago. The city was cleaned iu spite of its selfish classes. Now all of the states report a clean bill of health in this regard. No country has got rid of cattle plague any other way. The nation loses millions of dollars every year from the hog plague. Tama county loses this year 80,000 hogs, easily worth $100,000. This is very serious. Other counties lose the same way, some more. Perhaps the plague only rages in part of the county. If half the counties of Iowa lost as heavily, the state loses $5,000,000. It surely is wise to take steps to stop it. We believe that $5,000 expended in stamping out the herds first attacked would have saved $05,000 in Tama and other counties. We favor state and federal legislation to this end, conducted as state and federal legislation has been conducted in regard to cattle. OUKSTIONS ANSWKKEJ). FEEDING FOU MILK. INDEPENDENCE, Iowa, Dec. 9, 1890 — How many pounds of the following mixture would be good, strong feed for milk? meal that Is not suitable for a breeding cow. We may vary the corn and bran as the condition of the cow suggests. Oats. this year, are not generally heavy, and if not ground or steamed or mixed with some rough foddor, will pass through the cow and be half lost. Too much care cannot be taken in feeding grain to a ruminant. If it is fed with cut hay half will answer that would if fed as shelled com or meal. PREDINO VOn FLESH. SAC CITY, Iowa, Dec. 0, 1800. -I am feeing a carload of steers. I have In v g o°f ^nW-Pf 81 ' 18 ha ^' I'* hL v y T?nJ°,? dj bMg M clover and hay. Now the question, is, can I more pounds on these steers by the first of April by feeding the clover and timothy or enough more pounds to cover the difference iu cost of the kinds? . W. E. DnEWRY. Tne cows range over the prairies with their choice of wild grasses. They select the best, and no tame grasses excel them. Some years ago our agricultural college demonstrated that the blue stem stood as high as any tame grass for feeding. It has not been found practical as a cultivated grass, owing to the difficulty in getting the seed and growing it. If your wild hay is 4 of this sort there is no better, but if it is of the slough variety it is not as good as the tame hay. If it j s short upland prairie hay, there is no better if cut in good season. In all the new counties in Iowa where milk cows get plenty of this wild grass, there is nothing better. Observe, however, that when you fence up the wild grasses they are eaten out and the tame grasses must be saved, or weeds will be all the cows can get! Besides, the wild grasses are only good during four months, while tume grasses supplant them in the fall and also in the spring. The prairie range is valuable it- used in this way. Observe, also, that repeated cuttings lessen the yield of wild grasses. It is wise to utilize both wild hay and pasture as far as it goes, but the tame grasses double the grazing period. fi* nmi < ln the wtvtcr drank, vegetal* aroei with ' til esoid and all sired'." The Am.Vm & Meil^^ovjStv'nl'ftnSr ^tfy^fett^F^S To and for, the People. Do you want a good, square meal? Do you want stood, reliable insurance? land? y ° U WaQt t0 rcnt a farm or gra " Do you want to trade or sell your farm 1 other nrnnnrfw? J or other property? ™., .,, to bu y afarmorunim- pioved land on long time with but little or no cash payment? ant to m ^e a loan on your in l? rr m °/ the fl . bove ' P lease w f i 1 5 i £ Illnoi «l at the Com™?°, tel n and Pa ™ CI '»' and Traders' Block, Bancroft, Iowa Northern Iowa Normal School, Algona, Iowa, prepare for prepare for FORTUNATE PEOPLE. THE LONDON TIMES says—and all lawyers know it to be true-that the more than half a billion dollars of unclaimed fortunes m England Ireland Scotland and Wales belong to people in America whose forefathers emigrated from the old country, inere are also large fortunes of the same class in Germany and other European countries. We have gained a number of such claims and have several in hand now which we expect to gain If your ancestors came from across the' sea write us all you know about it and inclose 2oc for a reply. We charge nothing for investigating and if you have a good claim we will attend to it on very reasonable terms. B. Ross, EUROPEAN CLAIMS AGENCY 13 19 M Pearl St., New York, N. Y. _ Just think of it! a watch for $3.50 at Bowyer a. Yes, and lie has lots of bargains m all kinds of jewelry, such as chains, charms, rings, pins, and everything m the silver-ware line, all as handsome as the eye could wish to see The prices lust fit your purse, so go and trade with Bowyer and be happy. For the Christmas and New Year ho i- days the 0. M. & St. P. Ry. will sell excursion tickets at fare and a third for the ™ und tn P to P°in's within a distance of 200 miles. Will sell Dec. 24th, 25th and 31st, 1890, and Jan. 1, 1891, making going cupons good only on day of sale and return coupons good until Jan, 5, 1891. t Headache is the direct result of indigestion and stomach disorders. Remedy tuese by using DeWitt's Little Early Risers and your headache disappears. The favorite little pill everywhere. Sold by Sheetz. The celebrated Monte Christo Face Powder for sale dy Matson.McCall & Co. Fred Willson keeps the Iowa soft coal lor sale. Best in the market. The place for thorough drill in all Common Branches.. The place to Teaching. The place to College. The place to pursue Advanced Studies in Mathematics, Science and Language. The place for practical work in Commercial Branches. The place to study Music, Piano and Vocal. Winter Term begins December 30, 1890. P. D. DODGE, A.. M., Principal. H. B. McCoLLuM, A. B., A cicn-*/-*-! f\ 4- ,-. T^__" * 813 Associate Prinpcial. D'OOfflEDJOJ)EATH! do^m d pd r inWil'S,. 00 ! 1 - 111 " 0 " 8 ' mal l y ho « B ave ' uuuiHHii to death t>y disease, merely because LUG owners f*-* *" ri *-.ii? ^ ., —._ .. j their." Dr. Joseph Haas' We would call the attention of our readers to the fact that the Northern Iowa Normal College and Business University, located at Garner, Iowa, is now prepared to furnish day board to students at $1.40 per week, and also to rent text books, thus reducing the cost of attendance to a minimum. The winter term opens December 1st. Parties desir- the Presiden J W aPP &tf?lLum£™ m 0-i.i Will arrest disease, prevent disease ex-worms ?n°l',n!S cougll> lllc) ' ejlse t! 'e flesh and hasten 81.25 and noo. per package. J. F. LACY & SON, ALGONA, - IOWA. US-; H ecology," aiiamphlet on swine will be imu,ed to any address on receipt of a two-.' cGiiu si'inip, Jos. Haas 9 V. S. Indianapolis, Ind. 8 " 2C parts by weight of corn, oats and brun. Is a pint of oil cake meal at a feed twice a day any too much? Would one a day be bettor? R. BAUTIT. It depends somewhat on the size and condition of the cow. From eight to twelve pounds would be plenty if good hay or fodder be fed with it. If the cow is fat, feed less corn and more bran. Oats is a complete ration by itself. But you will get the best results by mixing with wet chaff or cut hay, as the whole will be regurgitated, cudded and assimilated. If the cow is lean, feed more corn meal and less bran. In fact, with good hay or corn fodder or silage, corn meal is the cheapest and best feed in Iowa for milk cows. The flow of milk will not be so great as with bran, but the milk will be richer and the cow's strength better sustained. If you have silage its damp condition would be suitable for retaining the meal as cut hay would, in feeding milch cows. Our friends should give DeWitt's cough and consumption cure a trial. No disappointment follows the use of tins reliable medicine, and it merits the praise received from all who use it. Sold by Sheetz. .She Siifl'ereil for Fifteen Yeav*. My wife has suffered for 15 years from congestion and painful menstruation. After using three bottles of Brarifield's Female Regulator she is now able to do her own work and go where she pleases. -J. r> T« A Y1?' ? Iorav 'an Palls, N. C. Write Bradheld's I eg. Co., Atlanta, Ga. for par ticulars. Sold by L. 4. Sheetz and P. W. Dmgley. 11-1 RAILWAY. , ^ facilities for transit between . m ".sV w i'°V ta »£ oitios a»<l towns in Illinois. i km/'hT U J N( , >nl ' el '," MloliiBiui, Mmne- Wvoming. " DakotH ' Ne >»'asku and. ' e miu se ?vlce U carefully adjusted to of tiironBh inu iocai The place to buy all kinds of Millinery boods at greatly reduced prices until af- "" •" holidays is at Matson. McCall ter the & C'o. Small in size great m results; DeWitt's Little Early Risers. Best pill for constipation, best for sick head ache, best for sour stomach. Sold by Dr. Sheetz. German .Salve. The increased demand for BCEKS' Ger- DS h V f T ° ul i v proves tha » " has but also makes it almost a universal household remedy. When you wish a good reliable ointment call for Beees' Avoid oil meal It is dangerous in tbe dairy, ia anything but smaH"quan- tities, and may produce abortions. Feed it to any other animal or a cow uot pregnant. Begin with a pound at a feed and increase to four or five pounds if fed alone. The proportions ef oats, corn, bran aud QU meal for mUk, if desirable to teed »1- pointed. 1023 F. W. Dingley. Fast Vestibuled Trains Of Dining Oars, Sleeping Oars & Day Ooaches. Kunni«B soiiil between Chicago and St. Paul, Minneapolis, Council Bluffs, Omaha And Denver. Pullman and Wagner Sleepers CHICAGO toSAN FRANCISCO CHICAGO to PORTLAND, Ore. WITHOUT CHANGE. COLONIST SLEEPERS Chicago to Portland, Oregon, And San Fraucisco. Free Reclining Caair Cars CHICAGO To DENVER, COL., Via Council Hluil's and Omalia. For time of trams, tickets and all information apply to Station Agents of the Ciueago & North to the Geuemi W. H. Newman, . J. M. Whitman, Third Vice-Vrest. Uen'lMauager W. A. THRALL, Gen'l. Pass. & Tick. Agt. For the Holidays C V, ica S° & North- Western Ry. Co. S k e , XC f U1 rf 0? f tickets - at f avorable rates. *or full information regarding rates, dates of sale, limits of tickets etc opply to agents C. & N.-W. Ry 11 12 Sophie Swett will contribute to Hari i 0 ?.Sff Pe « ple tor Dec ' 83d a 8 t<> r V entitled "The Boy from North Jerico." I he same number will contain a practical article on snow shoes, and a fairy tale illustration s b y How DeWitt's Little Early Risers; ooly pill for chrooiccoostipatjion, — -••-'- "None BO good.

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