The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on December 10, 1890 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 10, 1890
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M1LUNERY, Hosiery and Notions. All the Latest Styles in Millinery Goods, Also a new stock of Hosiery, Bolls and Notions. E. Reeve & Co. LOUIS LESSING, ALOONA. y«*J**lVil warranted, and every on If 1ms hiH name and price Btniiipod on b - CAUTION " ~.s his na ,5,0° Shoes are I jalr ottom. W. L. DOUGLAS H>3 SHOE GENTLEMEN. Waterproof Grain. z qualities of this shoe V the strong endorse- Fine Calf and Laced f. J, 1 J, < L e ? ce i lle ,. I ? ce I?" 1 ""enr £??,?£ r.V ei } >e ^ ersllo i vn «">n ments of Us thousands of constant wearers. SE.OO Genuine Hnn<l-He«e<], an elegant and f*3 ~~ stylish dress Shoo which commends Itself. 5X.OO Hfuid-HevfiMl Welt. A flue calf Shoe » -T -~ }> ne( l"alle<l for style nutl durability. SO.BO (roodyear Weir is the standard dress _ *f S 106 ,' nt a popular ]>rlce. SQ.SO Policeman's .Shoe is especially adapted •* for railroad men, fanners, etc. All made In Congress, Button and Lnce SHOES . Have been most favorably received since introduced and the recent improvements make them superior to any shoes gold at these prices Bmn,uu Asfc your Dealer, and if he cauuot supply you send '** "i™* 0 "****- or a fam and Stock -Yard. JAMES WILSON, (Ideas arc solicited from our farmer readers. Queries will he answered. A duress to tlie Ed - ttor, James Wilson, Truer, Iowa,) IOWA, Bee. 10, 1890. At r the-flale of fine stock at the Chicago fat stock show, lately, it Was commonly saaid that Iowa bought moat of the best things. We :ask the farmers who read our paragraphs and think them worth reading to remember the papers that go 'to the trouble aud expense of furnishing them. Getyour neighbors to take ALOOKA RE PUBLICAN. The fat stock show at Chicago is re ported as not as good as previously. The Shorthorn steer, Nonsuch, exhibited by Renich, of Kentucky, took the sweepstakes. He was a pure bred animal. Age, 1,274 days. Weight 2,090. Two influences operate regarding the corn crop. Speculators tell us it is a three-fourths crop. Farmers tell us by unprecedented selling of all corn-eating animals that corn is hardly half a crop. Which is right? English statesmen talk in public more of the United States than the whole world beside. They hardly know what to make of our late federal acts that propose fair play for our farmers. Well, many Americans wonder at our farmers. Something is sadly lacking in all cow The judge at the fair awards on quantity per cow. The purchaser of milk or cream inquires into quality per hun fired. The producer requires information as to the^milk from different raw materials. There w.as .a rumor that Mexico had placed an importjduty on cattle. Secre- aryRusk at ou.ce had the State department learn the facts. No such duty has been levied., but Mexico is preparing a -_^-_ _ here! hat. wants to send cattle They have, been sending poor here and our tariff bill wiH~stop AV. I... DOUGIjAS, JJrocktou, F. S. Stough, Agent. Fast Mail Lino Trains be Chicago Vestlbulecl MllWHUkee ' St Trims-Continental Itoutn between Chip-urn Council Bliiffs.Omalm mul the Pacific coast.' Great Xutionni Hotil<> between Kansas City and at. .Joseph, Mo. 5700 Milc-H of Komi r.-MfilifiiK ail ¥« mts M,' 11U ", 0ls ' w «^oiwin. Iowa, Missouii and Dakota. J , r S 01 ' mix P s - "me tables, rates of passage and £ th« ^f •" ap H&, to tlie "eavest station agent of the Chicago, Milwaulicc & StPaul Railwau or to any railroad agent anywhere in the World R. Miller, A. V. H. Carpenter, l Manager. Gun'l Pass. & Ticket A't. tSSTFor information in reference to Lands ' " s " Wlie <l h y the CHICAGO, MIMVAU- . PAULRAILVAV COMPANY, write msffiaftSln. 1 -" 1 " 1 Commissioner, Bin- Teacher's Reports The big packing houses are to be moved i ver the line into Indiana. Wonder rhat effect this will have. Illinois could ot handle the old crowd. Year after ear efforts failed to remedy the abuses. ndiana has old fashioned notions. One bing is positive, things can't be worse. We will wait with interest to see what he Hoosiers will do with the big four. The farmers of Iowa are entirely sue- essful in their insurance operations. President Farriugton suggests that wire fences have ground connections every two rods to prevent the killing of stock in electrical storms. If all insurance were brought as close to those interested as the farmers bring theirs through their mutuals there would be less disppoint- ment. We have honest stock companies and otherwise. fat better hogs and cattle for practical purposes than we had tea years ago. The butcher got man? a gtitadged pedigree by the pound. Visit breeders and see If animals are pampered, see If they are breeding, If you flad breeding general, that Indicates good health and good man* agement. Do not look for fat among breeding animals. The practical farmer avoids that which Is put oh with grain. Do not favor poverty, that indicates bad health and bad keeping. AH Iowa animals should be in good condition. Buy young things that look like what they are designed for. Have the seller do the recording. You may get caught there. The Breeders' Gazette hha the cheese maker a rap, and they are deserving of it. Of all the food products in the land cheese is one universally bad. Our people do not eat cheese except when they -are out of sorts, have a bad taste in their mouths and desire a change. Our <exports languish because our cheese is mostly very poor. There is nothing the laboring man can work more on than good cheese. Our people would use it if it were good, but good cheese is so rare that tho taste of it is never fixed. Good cheese must have all the cream in it. Itmust have ago to season and cure it. The cheese •we get is robbed mostly. It has acidity to take the place of ripeness. Cut it, and when you go back for another slice in a day or two it scares you, and out it goes. You shun cheese for a month and try again. The wonder is that it has any sale. But some people have not taste, others drink beer and create a false appetite, then they eat cheese. Restaurants a'ways have cheese to plug clown glucose beer. There is money in making honest cheese. We have good cheese but it is seldom seen in our villages. There is demand for it at good prices. The world wants plenty of good cheese. The prime secret in its making is, simply, don't skim. Other things may be learned, but if you skim you will never establish a brand that will bring top prices. We have helped to make many a ton and know that the, skimmer is the thief of the cheese. all the good wheat gtowlag lands. ... will need all our wheat at home lit a few years. We, sold 6f eofli and eota meal $88,002,717 from last yt&t 's drop of 9,200,* 000,000 bushels—the tfroatest on record. We haws none to spare from this year's crop. We sold $28,109,509 of t&t cattle during the same time. We will selUesa next yeftr, as dear corn will curtail the feeding. We desire to call attention to one sale that does not .look well for the judgment of our farmers, We sold 15,284,864 of oil cake and meal. This is the cheapest feeding power in America, aod the strongest, and for many uses the best. We should feed it at home by all means. jbeir wi»k, bat be at It the day beta* «Mtefa are issued, and th<sa be (sontent to aooef>t pay in fulllfl the eonretoustteis *f h&vteg Bone his duty! The farmers totfe not the full respect of the this. Paid politicians, ' what flp i, 108! , ft * the cottfldenee 6"f Election methods lead to jays de the tie AND A farmer was elected judge iu one of the districts of Kansas. He has gone to a law school to learn the ways of courts. This case will be watched with interest. If he is a sensible man and takes plenty of time to get the very right of urgent cases and lets the worked up suits wait, he will answer the ends of justice quite as well as some trained men we all have heard of, who study to pervert judgment. Our observation regarding the practical operation of the school book law is, that it is a dead letter. The farmers' alliance at its annual meeting at DesMoines,.lately demaudeb just what the people want, and will eventually Lave, State uniformity, and we advise the advocates of the abortion now on our statute books to get the step. No amount of sophistical bolster- ng will satisfy the people that they have what they want. The idea of an average country school board being called upon o give bonds and choose text books, pro Many farmers' boys and girls are looking toward higher education that their fathers and mothers have. Every sub school district iu the state has a dozen farmers who are able to help their children through a western college. If the young person has thirst for knowledge and has learned obedience to father aud mother and has gone through the district school, the wisest step is to go direct to one of our Iowa colleges to prepare for the college course. The village high school is just the thing if the student has no desire to go to college, but the college preparatory is the better place to prepare for the college classes. The high school teaches much that is in the first and second years. Remember, the quiet boy and good girl from the farm, with habits of industry and quiet nerves and healthy stomachs, always make their marks. The future Iowa farm greatly needs educated women indoors and educated men outdoors. It is not very important what course in college is pursued, as it is important that they are mentally disciplined. The methodical thinker can turn every way. If father and mother think the denominational college is safest, the young person should go. If some of the courses of the State schools are desired, good work is done at all of them. Rather cd ucate with the surplus than buy more land to raise more corn to feed more hogs to buy more land to raise more corn. THIS SCHOOLS FOU FAMMEK MECHANIC, f Most of the proceeds of the agricultural and mechanical land grant proceeds to eastern and to some western colleges were diverted from their intended purpose, and have been used to educate other professions. Will the late benefactions of congress go the same way? The farmer and mechanic needs education all over the land, It is not enough to have a well conducted school in Iowa. The Iowa boy may live his life in some other State or Nation. The boy reared in the East may be an Iowa citizen soon, in fact, he will be. States classify like communities. Iowa inyites certain people through the advanced stand she has taken intellectually and morally. So, we are interested in the faithful disposal of the agricultural and mechanical funds. The congress should look very sharply after the expenditure of its funds. The nation great ly needs education among its farmers and mechanics. It is no use to growl about the slow progress made in these directions. It will take time to build up fac ulties iu our colleges able to teach the young farmers and mechanics in their lines. It is a delicate matter to even talk about. Foreign nations are ahead of us in this regard. Agricultural and mechanical schools abroad are devoted to their specialties. They make what is intended, educated farmers and mechanics. So will our schools, if we have patience. Public sentiment is not quite strong enough yet. Boys and girls think all Iowa schools should be open to them even if they do not intend to be farmers or mechanics. The bad boy from town is often sent there to get him to a safe place— a reformatory. But for all this the colleges are making headway. Ours is doing good work, and will do better. It has made many strong engineers, farmers, horticulturists, veterinarians, and a good many teachers. The world has few men fit to fill its chairs, it is educating them. The experiment sta tion at Ames is a very practical affair, and is well conducted. Seme very strong men are gathering about it who will be heard of in future. man who p secures. II._ r and feels lit- Is Imperative , , I" "Lift ——•—"« rich candidates, attd reject ability too often coupled With only moderate means. A permanent WW? ty is JNjowible, This Is the United States. Half the farmers would refuse allegiance. We will see nothing in our day butparty government in state and nation. AH classes and combinations must look to their affiliated parties for progress and redress of grievances. The farmers will get what is Just if they work for that only, and unless they do, justice will not look them up through other classes. We think on the whole that much is being done, while much is to be done. If you wish a watch cheap-call at B6wyer's. r Do you need n harness? Get it made to order at Stough's. Fine display Forks at 10-11 of Carving Knives and WINKIE Bno's. Pure Buckwheat Flour at Stacy's office or at the mill at 8c per pound. JONES & STACY. Hoggs' Family Me«llclnon. the question within the The cost of a poultry er popularity, and the steadily iacrcasine demand for them can only be accounted for by their true merit. They aro prepared with the utmost care, aud each medicine is put up for a particular disease. Every bottle is guaranteed to do all that is claimed for it on the label.so that no one who buys a bottle of Beggs' Family Medi- cinescanbe de disappointed. Sold by F. W. Dmgley. t 10.33 J See the immense line of Dolls at the "Bazar of Fancy." Organs. L. Lessing has several styles of organs which he will sell at low figures. Also sewing machines on good terms and cheap. 47. tf AT X OFFICE. r V F( ' 1RN ' T yH«i CARPET AND HARDWARE ttA EJJS eVSBVWHgljW. OB Witt BE CENT BY BlC- Pfl'OE »3 «> 8WW °°' 08AHB RAPi08 ' MlOH ' the bon.o Most of the States of the Northwest have arrangements made by their legis- ators for holding farmers' institutes. Iowa, the foremost agricultural State, provides nothing of the kind. Institutes have been held for years in Iowa through the efforts of public spirited men who gave time aud paid their own expenses. Somehow Iowa legislators do not represent the farmers near enough, at least enough of them do not, to care for this school for the farmer. Our people will carry on the work themselves. Institutes will be held. Every county can hold meetings without State help, although State might have done a little. Have you colics or scours from indigestion? Feed something more easily digested. Avoid in such cases clear grain, uid mix with hay or some rough material that will lighten the food on the system. Iowa loses far more animals from too much than too little, and still more from injudicious feeding. The comparative cheapness of our stock feed makes us careless and indifferent. Digestibilty is the foremost consideration for the feeder Animals that digest well are never unthrifty. Many farmers are beginning herds of registered animals, and a good time it is Be sure you get good individuals. See the sire and dam, and farther back if you can. You mey.not be a judge, few are Buy what filU your eye. That means symmetry. Buy the best your money will reach. If you thought of getting four females of fair quality, change the purchase to two of the best quality. Cattle and hog men are getting bravely over line breeding. Horse men and sheep men are iu the first stages of experience. We have NINK MONTHS FOUEIGN TRAUK. Our trade with foreign countries has not been healthy for nine months past, ending with September. Our merchants have over-reached in buying too many goods, which they expected to raise after the tariff act passed. The total value of imports was $625,831,059, while the total exports were $571,782,860. Large amounts are tied up in goods, and money stringency in the East brought down prices. ~ _---.——.=«..« free, or Coffee is the heaviest free importation, $63,135,575. Chemicals next, $22,403,905; hides next,* 18.SQ8 072 Our heaviest dutiable importation is sugar, $08.879,307. Wool and manufactures are next, $07,182,538. Flax, jute, hemp and manufactures, $35,888,385. Silk follows, $32,190,031 and cotton $25,180,287. Tiu costs us$10,040,180. Leaf tobacco,.$10,852,750, and iron, outside of tin plates, some $18,000,000. It will be wise for farmers to watch our imports of those goods during the next two years. Most of them are the articles upon which heavier duties are laid by the tariff act If it results in making them here.employ- mg more people here, and keeping our money at home, giving the farmer more people to feed at home, we should take notice of it and govern ourselves accordingly. If our farmers will raise more wool, flax, tobacco and raw silk, and our people manufacture more cotton the country will develop as farmers want to have it. Others may see their interests m buying factory goods abroad. We want a home market for our products. And we want farming diversified. Too many of us make beef and pork, too few make mutton and wool. Of exports during the nine months, cotton was $118- 498,311. This cannot last, It is good for our finances, but cotton growing ruins the soil, it has scourged the Eastern uulf States as wheat growing has injured the soils of the upper latitudes. Meats exported were $96,828,048. This isbetter business. Wheat and wheat flour $71,584,397. Th a t represents the tion of the new lands of the Northwest. It will stop entirely, for two r eit80 , is Population is overtaking production, and production has substantially compassed f ""wwjffl^ FAKMKKS' 1'UB.LIC WOKK. We don't say that the Kansas farmers had no cause for their recent uprising. They had. The only question is whether they took the wisest course to effect remedies. Their danger now exists in opposition from trained politicians in both old parties. No farmers in any state have had more salutary influence on affairs than those of Iowa, and they have stood aloof from both parties. No doubt some of the best friends the farmers have in Congress suffered vicariously in the late elections. The pity is that the storm among the shocks was allowed to gather such head before its causes were put in process of removal. We should learn a lesson here. The western Congressman must become as thoroughly identified with the industries of his section, their tendencies, development, wants and demands, as Representatives from the east and south are in their localities. We send men to Congress of high average ability and undoubted integrity. They are the most cosmopolitan men there. Their work is for the nation. Other sections send men to first see to their constituents, after that to other things. The money touch between them and their constituents is immediate. Western Congressmen who go there, do so working for the general good. Allison is at the head of appropriations in the Senate. Henderson is on the same work in the House, Gear strives for cheaper sugar on the ways and means, for everybody. Conger settles the silver question for the nation. Lacey devotes his time to election cases! Struble has the work pertaining to territories and Reed works on the law committee. These are samples. Our men work for everybody. But where an eastern or southern interest requires attention there you find an eastern or southern man of long service. New York wants money to improve rivers or harbors and has a man in the place to see to it. The south has appetite for many millions for national works on levees, rivers and harbors, and has men placed on committees to get the money. Iowa has nothing of the kind. Her interests are the nation's interests in all regards. Her special interests are only those that demand the arrest of plunderers on the highways of commerce. The farmers suffer from the thieves and endure and continue to suffer and endure, until endurance ceases to be a virtue. Then they level their lances and friends and foes both go down, while the voters, half sorry for the punishment inflicted, lay back and endure again until adulterated lard, bogus butter, reducing currency, cattle trusts, hog trusts, stock yard steals, neglect of themselves in statutes and admirable care of their neighbors press too much, and the farmers reach for their flails and smash things again, and the old party that happens to get the wreckage thanks the Lord and lays it all to the recognition of its merits, The nan who would secure and bold the of this peculiar C \M» of A BARRIER BETWEEN THEM. Hostile Neighbors In Africa Who Have Established a No Man's Land. A little British expedition recently steamed far up the Benue branch of the Niger river in a small steam launch, and finally entered a tributary of the Benue and explored a region-which no white man has ever visited before. The most interesting thing about their journey was the curious experience they had with the natives. They had been passing for a good while through a region that was inhabited by Moslem blacks, fruits of the rather severe methods of conversion employed by the Arab invaders of the Soudan. The country was very fertile, and the people were numerous; but all of a sudden, though the country still wore its usual aspect, and the soil was apparently rich, population entirely ceased. For a stretch of over twenty miles not a hut was to be seen, nor was a single sign of hup ->n life anywhere observed. The expedition wondered at this remarkable state of affairs, for the country was certainly inviting, and they could not imagine why it had no inhabitants. All at once, however, as they rounded a bend in the river they saw big crowds of natives running down the slopes of the hill to the bank. They brandished their r.pears at the white men on the lit- tlo boat, and told them to go back, for they wanted no Moslems in their country. There was an interpreter on the vessel, who succeeded iu convincing the natives that the visitors were not Moslems, and thereupon the people became quite friendly. Thou the reason for this cursous lack of population was ascertained. When thfr tribes who had been converted to Mam f&und the natives near them were just as strong as they were, the fipr«ad of their religion in that direction abruptly ceased, but these heathen people and the Moslem converts near them could not live at peace with one another. It was finally decided that as they could not be good neighbors, a stretch of country should bo placed between them where no one should live, and in that way they expected to get along with less bloodshed. So all the people who inhabited this fertile region, about twenty miles wide packed up their little belongings and moved away, and the stretch of country thus came to be without a single inhabitant. Today it is a No Man's Land, and the only reason is that the people who are neighbors there cannot live on friendly terms, and, having tired of fighting, liave put this barrier between them.—Boston Herald. freak of » Somnambulist, A young man who is well known in this city had an unpleasant experience a short time ago. He is a somnambulist and often does peculiar things in his sleep. He went to visit somo friends in Waterbury, and as he was not in the habit of retiring us early aa the members of the family ho was visiting, he re- rnamed up and took his shoes off before ascending t!io stairs. A .few Dibits after his reti«ta to his nome he lay down on a lounge and fell asleep. After sleeping soundly a half hour he arose, walked to the foot pf the stairs, took off his shoes, and not being content with, doing that, he drew off his stockings also. He then clambered upstairs to his rooui. Taking a match from nis pocket he brought one of his feet up so that he could reach the bottom of it and then deliberately scratched the mutch on the flat surface. The watch did not light immediately, out he kept on scratching. Finally the match did light. The holder was unconscious of the ftct and kept on scratching. Suddenly Ue awoke in great pain from the burn. He limped about for Pwilfry for Proflt, la the former's Institute of last wto*': tef, held in Algous, the questtett 0f& profit of loss in poultry raising w&s cussed. One individual went so far as 1 to declare that poultry, even oil the farm, where they had the range of the barn yard and fields, was a positive loss. Others said thnt poultry, even in the city, was a source of profit, The writer, wholly disbelieving the flrsfc theory and doubting the second, determined to satisfy himself about the matter and test city limits. r ^ house and yard, which need not be ex•pensive, are not reckoned in the test, as it would properly cut no figure on so small a scale and so short a time as the test covers. Being already in the business, on the first of January, 1890, the fowls were counted—23 hens and 2 roosters, Plymouth Rock and Light Brahma—and placed upon tlieir records. The record may prove interesting reading for more than one person: From this small stock of poultry the egg receipts were as follows: January ... 53 May 104 February .. 174 June ... ino March 203 .Inly,.. 217 A P rl1 211 August..105 Total Out of this number, 144 eggs were 5 et « Und ?£* \° hens> This le «ves 1627 eggs, or 127 dozen. During the summer eggs dropped as low as Scents, and they ranged all the way from that up to 10 cents. The most of the "hen fruit" was used in the family and none were sold for less than 10 cents Calling the average price 10 cents per dozen, the st'Mue of the eggs was $12.70. During the year 6 hens <lied-$L60 Jueven were sacrificed for the table 82.o6. Thirty-four chickens were sold, bringing $7.20.. llemember, these chickens were denied range, as thevwere kept yarded through mos't of tl^ summer ami all the food they received, except the scraps from the table, hi d to boujjkt.. Following is the record, .1 It might 1)6 ]ntm<e<rtinrr*n+!.<>/»; September. Oct. to 2oth. 8T and . , m jglit be interesting to trace wheat or corn is the best ; r ;i"«ai - y 4. six busliols corn March e, wheat screenings egg ™ „« October T, one bushel corn ....'...'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'. 45 Total cost of feed . On the 20th of October $8 15 we had on hand 28 hens aml2rooS-$7. Counting tlie time spent in the care of the SSvT wh1011 .Y? s onl y a Peasant rec- leation-as nothing, we have the following bnet summary, and let him who can prove that there is no profit in poultry even in the city: , r , .RECEIPTS. Va ue of eps3 laid .......... a 12 7 «. Value of chickens sold and killed ....... o Is Invoice Oct. 20-28 fowls at Sac ..'.'.:'":. TOO EXPENSES. ' 25 fowls at 25C .. Va'ue ot eggs set ............... .'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'". i &> S°e?iain.'.v.v.v.. •:.•.•.:•.".•. ........... sjfjjj n» _ ............. i& off • -Lhe hen has paid for herself and made a profit of 25 cents besides WILLIS HALLOCK, a- of WatcfcesTcTocks, Jew- 8 ' lverwat 'e was never better. DeWitt's Little Early Risers; only pill for chrome constipation, indigestion,.dys- Pepsia. None so good. Sold by Sheetz. Harper & Brothers have just published the seventh number of the Franklin Square Song Collection, compiled by ^•• Jl i^- McOaskay. The collection now includes fourteen hundred popular songs, hymns, and melodies, besides a large amount of reading matter on musical subjects. HO17SM TO RENT. Inquire of Miss Jennie Mclntyre. trt We have a few of those plush caps left braith's.' " Dg 8 ° Do you burn soft coal? and buy of Fred Willson. rivedt Then be wise- Prices low. H,»",\ e i se , ek ? l '8 will llnd the last o rf aim Northern tty. in and Montana. ue alon Nor ng th the Gt. Dakota Free Lands, I t?P,"n )) , 1 ,°'l<;' tLern Kail Write Great Norline. Business . I. Wfiltaey! •**••"»•*:. Low Bates {finest resorts In America'alone Great Northern Ky, line in Min""">ta. Dakota ana Montana. t climate for heal tit seekers. Montana produces the liuest Horses and Cattle. Free ranees Towns, several ^days, aud siuce tlwt time ques- yet m Moiie" MHk' ailalunriver 1 valleys and bweet (jms.s Hills. leal, Waal!- Sweet Gw. Biyey valleys. SttWllScf^ n:| wadise. ^ r»)l>y»y8 are being Siiiit 8 ana l.o to the Great Jiesurvation oi Montana and get % good free homestead, ^w rates-and free sleepers on Great Northern Line. Go now. HERDS MINES AlWK.the Grejit Northern wayCiiie in Montana are fr«« pastun « e ; in Ses of tal*, iron aid cLS precious aud ne jgyoiir met SnSK^Sf >»«««» of pTecJoui w'etaJs; iroi» ^ tions about the have

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