The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on December 10, 1890 · Page 6
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 10, 1890
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th« tfinltbd 8t«tt«» Treaty Depnrtment _ WASHIKOTON, bee. 3. — Secretary of th<j Treasury Wlmlom in his report of the opera- ons of lils department for the flsctil year tied June 30, IMK), says thd tot'al receipts wei'B lW,wy,U-:0 and the total expunci'itnrua <Ki.'i8,fil3,- 884. As compared with the liscal year 1889 tho teoeipis lor IfiK) hiivo UicreiifCil IH!!,08I>,HS8.?9 and u\e ordinary expenditure* have inei-ousod W5,?.>9,67J. Tho revenues for the present fiscal year aru estimated at $4()8,000,O.X1 and thtj expenditures ivt i'3'>-t,(X)'.),uoJ, leaving a surplus of |62,OOAUOO. The estimates tot tho year 18U8 uro: Becolpts, $373,000,000; oXpo.udttuves, S357,8ja,209. SINKING FUN1). Umler tho retiulrements of the not of Fobrua-, fy85, 1K82 (revised statutes, sections 30!-8, 30#D), estuulishing a sinking fund for the grucluui ex- tinguishment of the public debt, there have been purchased (luring tho months of July, August, September and October ot the current Asoal ytiu'lfar,85t),100ot tlio funded loan of UiUl BndtlO,134,«X) ot the funded loa.i of HOT. at a cost to the fund for premium and aiitluivmtod Interest, of $l,y80,;)2!).7l} on tho former nod $3,844,450.93 on the latter loan. Thyre have also been added to thu fund hy the redumption of fractional currency, Trup.sury not<js unit United States bonds which had ceased to boar interest the sum of !F8,7tH, in;ildn,<; a total of !t49,072.- 784.97 applied to ihe f ana as against an estimated requirement for tho year of W«,077,S70. SUHPI.Ua. HHVIiNUE. T The surplus revenue was largely increased lost summer by tlut pending oiuu.'ges in tin-ill legislation. And the uvnihible bnninoo in the Treasury was also greatly augmented by tho act of July 14, 18'JO, whiwii tninwt'urrad over JM,- OOO.UOJ from tho batik-note rcdovnutlon fund to tho available uti.sh. This sudden and abnormal Increase was tho cause of much concern uud some embarrassment to tho department. To prevent an undue accumulation of money in the Treasury, and consequent commercial stringency, only two metlioda wuro open to tho Secretary, namely, to .deposit the public money in National banks, or to continue the purchase of United States bonds on such terms as they couid be obtained. The former method was deemed unwise and ine:cj;o-iiont, and tne policy of r.ond purchases was continued. The.ivpurt then gives im extended account of tho amuunt and manner in which bonds were puicluiKeil during the year, and says that the total amount at 4 and -i l A per cent, bonds pur- Chased and redeemed since March 4, 1889, is B3ll,i<33.-J;~>0, and tho amount expended therefor is$84i!,tiijO,741.7a. Thu reduction, in the annual tnterust, ouai-g-o by reason of these transactions is &#,%?, (il)».7i>, and the total saving of interest is SM,57C.7'Jli.01. During the three and one- third months, from July 19 to November 1, 1891), over S'.ro,000,00.) were disbursed in payment for toud.s and interest. .UEFHCTS IH THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM. In my judgment, the gravest defect in our present financial system i« Ua lack of elasticity. Tne National-banking system supplied this defect to some extent by the authority which tho banks have to increase their circulation in times of stringency, and to reduce when money becomes redundant; but, by reason of the hi^h price of bonds, this authority has ceased to be of much practical va.uo. Tho demand for money, in this country, is so irregular that an amount of circulation, which will bo ample during ton months of the year, will frequently prove so deficient during the other two nonths as to cause stringency and commercial disaster. Such stringency may occur without any speculative manipulations of money, though, unfortunately, it is often intensified by f Such manipulations. Thu crops of tho country i have reached proportions so immense that • their movement to market, in August and September, annually causes a dangerous absorption of money. The l;i.ok of a, sujllcieut supply to meet the increased demand during tnose months may entail heavy losses upon the agricultural as well us upun other business interests. Tnough financial stringency may occur at any time, and from many causes, yet nearly all of the great commercial crises in our history have occurred during the months named, and unless some provision be matJo to meet such contingencies in the luture, like disasters may be confidently expected. I am aware that the theory obtains, in the minds of many people, that if thero were no surplus in the Treasury, a butilcient amount of money wou.cl be in circulation, and hence no stringency •would occur. 'The fact is, however, that such stringency has seldom been produced by Treasury absorption, but generally by some Budden or unusual demand for money entirely independent of Treasury conditions and operations. The recent financial stringency in No- vembsr, immediately after the disbursement ot over 5 lOO.OUO.Oiiu for the purchase and redemption of bonds within the preceding four months, furni-hes another forcible illustration that such Etrii'gtjncies ar;i due to other causes than Treasury operations. TARIFF AND CUSTOMS ADJUINISTTIATION. The customs adrainistnitive act went into operation August 1, 1890. Four months is too short a time in which to determine fully the merits of the law, but in its operation thus far it seems to have fully justified its enactment. The Just interests of the revenue and of honest importers have been promoted, and the Government has now, to a greater extent than ever before, control of the menus to determine the legal rate and amourt of duty due and collect- .nb<e upon importations. Tho purpose of the tariff act of October 1 last •was to effect needed reduutiqn of revenue and .euch an adjustment of duties as would adequately foyter and encourage home industries ••whii.i maintaining tho standard of Amuiican •vaj;es. This end, it is believed, has b;en a-c- .coinplished. More articles than ever before :bavu been placed upon the free list, rates have been reduced on many others, and increased 'duiies have been imposed when at- med nece.s- •sitry to the adequate protection of our ajjricult ural and manufacturing interests. The provisions for thu advancement of reciprocal trade with other countries, as contemplated by the law. are not hostile to the principle of protection, but are believed to bu in .harmony with it. The law has been too short a time in opera -- viow of the vast interests: ofStlufc'WhoitJ'' country. The law embraces so 'inririy and' such complex interests that it is quite possible a practical test may disclose the necessity fur somo modifications and corrections, but stability und certainty, in the revenue laws, are so essential to our financial and industrial prosperity, that L'08 -. ^.i.T^.t, — — L ------ ------- spring-up under its fostering euro, and the new home markets which would thereby bo opened for American labor and products, will certainly tali of rea izatiou, if any well-grounded fear ahall be aroused us to the stability of tho law. er of the principle of protection which it em- todies. The continuing controversy between the American system of wisely-adjusted protection and tno opposite system of unchecked industrial competition witn all the world is 'the inevitable contest between two irreconcilable standards of civilization. The conditions under •which we are enuulod to muUu tho contest for tho' higher standard of living fi.r all classes of our citizens aru peculiarly favorable. Tho United States, with absolute freedom of trade, and perfectly uuiranimeliHl industrial competition among 03,00'j.uo i of people, unsurpassed in energy, immstry and inventive gonius, und wilh the widest pussiblerun;.;f! of Climate und natural products, are by these conditions assured the lowest rauiju of pnce.i compatible with aroason- aole return tu producers, and the maintenance of a higher standard of civilization for the industrial classes. INTERNAL HfiVKKUE. The report of the Commissioner of Internal He-venue show* u satisfactory condition of that branch of the public service, :md that it has Deeu efficiently and economically conducted will t>e teen by tho fuel timifrora u brief summary it appears that while the increase of business was Very large in nil its brunches, resulting in an increase of revenue amounting to £l i; 0 » 2HM 37 over the year I8s», yet there wns a suvuiii of S90,- 617.85 inthe actual cost of collection. The estimated receipts from all sources of internal yeur W1U - doiisisffidM obi .„ ed. Or. tn% •batatroe *tfc6 iargfe Sum ll?,437,683 SO cdtislsted ot half dollars, for which there is no demand. *HB OtRCTIIiATION. Tho fallowing table phowa the eofflpivratlve .amounts of money of various Uinds in circulation October 1, TteO, and October 'L. .. ^ -t...'r .,. ... Gold cote... Stand, silver dollars... Subsid i ary silver Gold certificates Silver certificates..... Trens. notes not July 34.; 1870 IT. S. notes. Nat. bank notes Oct. i, isvo. Oct. i, isso. 22,914,075 48,368,518 7,480,100 . 12,208,19] 340,329,153 Totals 1.033,033 «Sf)iM93,Ora,70a 039.117,903 lncr«ns«. »1,989,723 $1529,618,803 62(183,454 CO,311,H46 188,104'; 739 309,331,307 7.106.500 *l?7,2r>0,514 7,948,80a 150,624,639, 807,118,010, 7,100,506 lt,4S8,Sa3 Net increase .......................... $470,039.024 Avcrngo not increase per month ..... 3,1)0(1, (H)3 Circulation per capita in 18SO ........ 80,377 Circulation pur capita in 1SUJ ........ 23,909 *Decre:;se, n(i3,078,9:». UTILIZATION OP Slt/VEll AS CURUENOT. The Secretary venture:! to express the belief thnt the new silver act is a great improvement over tho law repealed, and that its beneficial results will eventually commend it to general approval. As yet the period of time has been too brief to really tost the merits of tho law. and the permanent effect which it will have on the price of silver. One thing is c-ortain, th&t it has be"n tho means of providing a. healthy and much-needed addition to the circulating medium of the United Slates. Tho amount of Treasury notes issued on purchases of silver bullion from August 13 to November 23, 18'JO, has been Siy,*i7,000. ClVir.-SKtlVICB OPERATIONS. The past year's experience of tho excellent working ot the civil-service hiw^ supplemented as H is in this department by athorough system of departmental examinations for promotions,, adopted twenty yours ago, /leads me to emphasize what was snid' oik this subject in my last annual report. Inasmuch as the current year has included an active political canvass in all tho States, it is deemed not inappropriate to say that, so far as this department is concerned, there has been entire and uniform compliance with the requirements of law respecting tho collection of money for political purposes lrom Government employes. All such employes, regardless of political preferences. have been, and have apparently felt, quite as much at liberty as other citizens to contribute' or refrain from contributing for tho benefit Of the political party of their choice. . The report embodies and recommonds the suggestions of the Comptroller of the Currency, in his report which has already been published, regarding the National • banks, and says that aside from the right to' Issue circulating notes, the National banking system seems to be more favorably regarded than heretofore, and is rap- Idly extending its sphere of operations. The transactions of the year have been attended by a more that average degree of success. Tho remainder of Secretary WindonVs report consists of a reiteration ot statistics presented in tho reports of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, on exports and imports, on trade with Central and South America, on Canadian railway transportation, on navigation, the light-house, life-saving, revenue, marine, steamboat inspection and mariuo hospital services, immigration, the coast and Geoditie survey, tho ali-sn contract labor law, needed legislation for Alaska, lease 'of tho Seal islands, the public buildings, affairs of the District of Columbia and other topics of minor importance. BOLD ROBBERY. Masked Man Make a Raid ou thu Office of :i Chicago Fork-Pucker, Securing a liarjjn Sum. CHICAGO, Dsc. 3. — Joseph N. Osher, cashier of the Allerton Packing Company, was robbed in his own office at the stock yards Tuesday afternoon of ??3,200 by two* men, who then made their escape. A well-dressed man entered the office of the. Allerton Packing Company at about 8 o'clock and asked for the superintendent. He was told that the superintendent wits not in, and was asked to sit down and wait. This he did. After some minutes, the superintendent having failed to appear, the stranger arose and left the office. Twenty minutes later, however, ho drove up before the door with a horse and buggy. With him was another man, who, like the first, was well dressed and had on a slouch hat. Both men wore full beards. They entered the office, whore Mr. Osher was alone with the money to pay off tho 1,800 men employed by tho Allerton Company. One of the strangers presented a revolver at tho head of the cashier and demanded tho cash. The second man held open a canvas bag, motioning for Osher to throw the money into it, which he did in great haste. At this moment a gentleman on- tared the office, and was immediately covered by a revolver, and obeyed orders when told to sit down and be quiet. The cashier was then compelled to open the safe and throw into the bag a sum amounting to $200. Then leaving the place the robbers jumped into a buggy and made their escape, and so far havo eluded arrest. The total amount obtained by them was $3,200. BIG METHODIST GATHERING. Outline of the Constitutional Convention T- .11., .. n .» n l i. OPEKA'J'IONS OF THE MINTS. Theoomag; of the oiint.s, during the fiscal year, was tho largest in the histoiy of the mint in this country, ugj-r.-gating Il^,0:i8071 pieces, •valued as follows: (iol_l. Sya.O-Jl, 748.50; s-iiver •dollars, 43Ji.Ui3,Mb: subsidiary sliver. ib'.W,0 07J; Jciuor coins. $l,41ll,S51.7a; total, W,2M,43>J.y3. In addition to the coinage, gold bars were manufactured of the viiiue of *a;-!..'-Ma,433.3l, ami silver bars of tho value of t7,u-lf),:j57.iiU, a total of f30,3H7,791. 14. Tho loss ot precious metals by B»t export during the yeur wus: Cold, $4,253,047 C)4 TNDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Doc. 3.— A meeting of groat importance to the Methodist church of the United States is to begin in this city December 10 and continue in session one week. The church in this country has never had formal constitution, but has been governed by the books of discipline and single legislative acts of the general conference. At the last meeting of tho conference a commission of seventeen members was appointed which will meet in Indianapolis for tho purpose of constructing a constitution. Tlie commission includes Bishops Merrill, Foss and Ninde, Governor Diiling- bam, of Vermont; ex-Governor Elbert, of Colorado; Judge Sibley, of Ohio; Hon. Francis Eoot, of Buffalo; Dr. Todd, of Delaware; Dr. Nooley, of Philadelphia; Dr. Miley, oi New Jersey; John W. Hay, oi Indianapolis; Dr. Hitchcock, of Chicago; Rev. Charles Madison, of Texas Dr. Rothwiolcr, of Cincinnati, T. B. Sweet and R, Widney, bishops of Bow man and Walden, and Drs. Kynette am Spencer, of Philadelphia, will be among those who will attend the meeting. Among the things arranged by the ! commission will be a provision grant ing a, constitutional place to the women in the church. attention of Coiigri as is respectfully re- .quesied to the act of May i.'ti, I8b2, authorizing tl-O exchange of gold Ijars foi (?old coin, free of •charge, at the coinage mints tind at the United .States assay orjlce ut New Yurie, i am of the •opinion that this act JJHM facilitated the inove- laeut of golO frum ihis country, u»d have the liouor to reconuaeudits revtiiil, or that it be so MiOumeiluB tu jra,ke tha excUangu of gold bars lor gold coin dtscruiionury wilh the Treasury Department, u'id loullowtno imposition of a email cburire euuivulynt to lUo cost ol'niiinuf;ic- turiog tho bars, when the Lars are intended for export. Legislation is also recommended looking to the re-coinage of the subsidiary silver coin* in Ibu Treasur>. There were on Oo- tx>l»j- 85, 18«0, subsidiary silver coins i* tkj> T.^iaurj of the l.oe value of *iy,- failure of tlie 1'otts Company. DKTHOIT, Mich., Doc. 3.—The errbar- rassmcut of tho J. E. Potts Salt anc Lumber Company has developed into an absolute failure and an assignment has bean made 1'or the benefit of creditor to William S. Waugh, secretary of tho company. The liabilities are abou $750,000. Dr. Jjjiitci- htricheu. WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.—Surgeon Gen oral J. H. Baxter, U. S. A., while on his way home Monday evening wa stricken with paralysis. He fell to tb sidewalk, an 1 it is feared that be QU.I not recover. NGHT ffttttsftfif A ,. .. tlortal ConvOTtlon atf'Ocalft KK, 4 gfttot>«i« of the Ot>e*ati6fi< of tlt« " tetlor jMid Navy Oepartrtiftiit* a« Shown by the Reports of S*eWii«e» Noble and Tracy.- •• • :••:-•:•'•• WABflfNGTOff, Dec, 1.—-The report of the Secretary of the Interior for ,'the fiscal year ended June 80 ( l80tj, has been, made public. The Secretary speaks of the accession Of flow States, afad says that great &ddul6iia from the Indian reservations hive been made to the "public domain soon io be opened to settlement, The various Indian commissions have made agreements, now awaiting, Congressional action, with different tribes for many millions of acres. Of the public lands, the Secretary says the vacant lands of the United States, exclusive of those in Alaska, at present are 586,210,861 acres, of which 282,772,439 are already surveyed. The policy of the department has been continued in giving a liberal interpretation to the land laws in favor of the settlers and by advancing as far as can reasonably be done the early decisions upon all. on tries made, contested or uncontested. The following facts exhibit the success achieved in accomplishing these purposes: Over 19,000,000 acres of agricultural land were transferred to actual settlers during the past year. The lands patented to States for education, Internal Improvements and public build- Ings have exceeded 800 per nent. over the previous year, amounting In 1890 to 630,779 acres, against 11.823,600 acres In .1890. The rnil- roads have also received ' patents for 303,868 acres • in 1800, against 435,013 in 1SS9. Besides there were patents to Indians for lands in severalty nnd miscellaneous claims for 109,030 acres. On June 30, 1890, there were 808,00-1 final entries of all kinds pending, as against 370,751 oh June 30, 1889, a decrease during the last year of 08.0S7 entries. Tho total receipts from public lands during this year •were $7,470,370. Secretary Noble indorses and urges the passage of the bill now pending be« fore Congress to establish a United States land court for the settlement of private land claims in oer&ain. States and Territories. In reviewing 1 tho past year's work of the department in regard to Indians the Secretary says it is seen that thero has been steady progress made in engaging them in peaceful ways and industrial pursuits. A stronger do- sire is manifested among many for the education of their children, for the individual 'ownership of land, and generally for the'com- forts of civilization. But it needs to be said that a much larger area of land than is necessary,is held for Indian occupancy. The surplus held in reservations appears to be unreasonably large, and should be restored to the public domain. The Secretary reports satisfactory progress in the work of allotting lands in severalty to tbe Indians. Passing on to Patent Offlce affair* the report recommends that more room and a larger working force be supplied. Pensions are next considered. The work done in this connection, the Secretary declares, has reached wonderful proportions, and the expenditures have sent iato the channels of trade and commerce more than $100,000,000 in the last year. The pensions will be largely augmented by the act approved June 27, 1890, granting pensions to soldiers and sailors incapacitated for manual labor and pro- viiinff for pensions to widows, minor children and dependent parents. The estimate for army and navy pensions for 1893 is about 8133,000,000. Secretary Noble notes a praiseworthy stage of advancement of tho present census. "This census," the Secretary says, "will, it is believed, be found to be reliable. To say that there are no errors in it would be to claim for it more than can bo expected of any such work. But those who find the most fault with it are those who -from the beginning have endeavored to defeat it The great body of the people are content with it." The geological survey, the bureau of railroads, tho bureau of education and various educational institutions are covered briefly. The report closes with comments upon Yellowstone arid other National parks and statistics in connection with the Nicaragua!! canal. THE KAVY. WASHINGTON, Dec. 1.—The report of the Secretary of the Navy says that nine new vessels have been completed and put in commission during tho year. Fourteen other vessels are now well advanced in construction. Contracts have been let for the sea-going line ot battle ships to be completed within three veai'S. whose equals for war purposes do not at present exist-. The Secretary recommends the creation of four more Bear Admirals and proposes that the number of Lieutenant Commanders bo increased from seventy- four to 124, and tho number of Lieutenants be diminished in like proportion; and that the number of Lieutenants of the junior grade and of ensigns be more nearly equalized. He says one of tho moat vital defects in our present naval system is the want of an organized militia, so trained that in case of necessity it will be prepared to supply the demands of the naval service and that the naval militia of the country now actually in existence should be put on the same footing as the land militia. Tho Secretary calls attention to tbe defenseless condition of tho Atlantic coast and the damage which a hostile fleet could inflict, and says nothing short of a force of battle-ships, numerous enough to be distributed in the separate fields of attack and able to uoucentrato on any threatened point within their own field, will prove a complete protection. While battle-ships are of tho first importance, tho continuous presence of a sufficient number of harbor-defense vessels would stay the entrance of an enemy until the ba-ttlo-sbips could arrive. MAN is said not to be tho only creat- uro that shaves. The South American Mrd called tho "mot-mot," tho Motmo- tus braziliensis, actually begins shaving on arriving at maturity. Naturally adorned with long blue tail feathers, it is not satisfied with them in their natural state, hut with its beak nips oft the web on each side for a space of about two inches, leaving a neat little tuft at the end of each. THE Italians oJE Hsw York have in- trusted the execution of thei? statue of Columbus to Prof. Rosso, a> famous sculptor of Italy. day af tejjnoon ft> public mcetinsf of the National? Farmers' Alliance was held in the opera-house, an audience of about 1,200 belnff present. .President Rogers^ of the Florida Alliance, presided. Governor Fleming welcdmed the delegates, and was followed by Hon. John F< Dunn, State Senator and a prominent aspirant for the United States Senatorship to succeed Mf. Call. President Polk was introduced by Mw Rogers and delivered his annnal address, a synopsis of which follows: The president congtatulated the alliance on its achievements since the l«st,.msetlng and then reviewed the causes of agricultural depression. Ho declared that this depression la an anomaly to the student of industrial progress. "Retrogression In American agriculture,", he said, "means National decay, and powerful nnd promising as is this young giant republic, Its power and glory touch not the degradation of the American farmer." The harm incident to centralization of the money povfer and the upbuilding of monopolies was then pointed out nnd both political parties were condemned for encouraging this condition. With reference to extending tho order, tho president urged that additional organizers be sent at once Into Oregon. Washington, Ohio, Now York, New Jersey, Arizona and other States. Among the president's recommendations •was one that an organization bo. formed to be known as tho National Legislature, composed of the National president and the presidents of all State alliances, their duty being to look closely after the legislative reform demanded by the alliance, both in State Legislatures and In Congress. , President Polk said that an organization of this kind would wiold a power which would enforce the respect of any legislative body to which it might appeal. Touching upon the political action of the alliance the president said: "While our organization is political It can not be partisan or sectional in Its action. In support of this declaration we proudly point to our whole past record and to the recent popular election, and particularly to the noble and patriotic bearing of the brotherhood in Kansas and South Carolina." In reviewing the record of the alliance during the last year, and especially with reference to the legislation demanded by it, the speaker declared that Congress had persistently Ignored all alliance propositions and even suppressed discussion of them, notably In tho case of the measure known as the sub-treasury bill. Congress, he said, must come nearer to the people or the people would get nearer to Congress. The remainder of the address was devoted to a discussion of financial reform and the policy of the alliance in uprooting sectionalism. Outlining the future financial policyj of the alliance, President Polk said that it will demand the restoration of silver to nil the rights and qualities of legal tender which gold possesses; the issuo of Government currency directly to tho people; equalization of taxes; prohibition of alien ownership of land; ownership and control of transportation lines by the Government; the limiting of public revenues to tho economic administration of the Government; a graduated taxation of incomes, and the election of United States Senators by a direct vote of the people. At the conclusion of President Folk's address the alliance resolved itself into a sort of "love feast," during which C. A. Power, an Indiana veteran, moved that all ex-soldiers in the hall who in- Tsed the sentiments expressed in the speech of President Foulks, of South Dakota, with reference to the burial of sectionalism, rise to be counted. The motion prevailed and between forty and fifty stood up amid the wildest entnusiasm. Mr. Tillmann, of Tennessee, the statistician of the National Alliance, said that the question of forming a new political party which would put a Presi« dential ticket in the field in 1893 would •probably come up for discussion at this meeting, but he predicts that it will bo disposed of by referring it to the different State alliances for individual action. A committee of the Knights of Labor bear a proposition to the alliance to join with that order in calling at aa early a dato as possible a convention of all labor and reform organizations to decide tho question of independent political notion. They are strongly of the opinion that the alliance will take this action. Such a convention would take in the Patrons of Husbandry, the Grange, the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association and the New England farmers' organisa- tion, all of which are thoroughly in sympathy with tho alliance, but have not as yet joined it Then the Knights of Labor, tho Federation of Railroad Employes, the American Federation of Labor and the big trades unions would be invited to attend the convention. [Tho Farmers' Alliance woe started In Texas in 187(1, but it was not until eleven years iote» that the order became national in its scope and bngan to develop strength. It absorbed the old Agricultural Wheel in 1889 at St. Louis. At that convention the Knights of Labor were represented, and after a long discussion and many conferences tho "St, Louis platform" was adopted. Among other things it include* practically the Knights of Labor planks on land, currency and transportation, in addition the farmers have declared in favor of the free coinage of silver, tho election o! Senators by the people directly, a revision of the tax laws in the interest of equality, against all trusts and combinations nnd against the holding of large tracts of land by foreign owners. > As for its political Import the question hinges largely upon what steps the convention takes toward tho formation ot a new party. The wonderful successes of the different branches of the Alliance in tho South and West in the lust elections have disturbed the calculations and aroused the alarm of politicians of both the great political parties, and sufficiently demonstrates the helplessness of either deprived of the farmers' sup port, in many States beside those hitherto looked upon as doubtful. While as yet unorganized as a oarty except in a few States, their success was phenomenal, as the sweeping victories in Kansas, Tennessee and South Carolina ttstify; and their combinations with Democracy in the West und Northwest bor$ startling fruit. There is a strong tendency among Western farmers toward nationalism, the leaders in Kansas believing- in Government control of railroads, telegraphs and the liquor business.] CLOSED ITS DOORS. Suspension of tbe Hank of Commerce <tl of West Superior, Win, WEST SUPIUUOII, Wia., Deo. 8,W-Tbe Bank of Commerce suspended Tuesday as a result of its connection with the Bell & Eyster Bank of Duluth, and the consequent loss of patronage. The' bank's deposits have fallea oil $lOO,gOO siaca last Wednesday, and H WM |<WM|d difllcult to realize on securities- T^ede- posits at the time of the failure afcdutf 60. QOO. Tty? assets can not lentil a report is oi&de, hut &«' 3e$$ of tho liabilities. Theoity 000 on deposit* snapjy »»<m^ Ailikflce fifat atfwn 1 on ihd-ftfoe Ibill Wednesday. There was no sectional* ism in retfard to the matter, fof the resolutions in regard to the measure were ; introduced by the Mississippi delegation, seconded by that from Minnesota, discussed by men from nearly all the State! North and South,, and were finally Adopted without a dissenting vote. A resolution was adopted, with li'ttle or no difference of opinion, denouncing the Louisiana lottery and providing for the submission of a 1 .constitutional amendment which will make impossible in any of the States this and similar institutions. A committee was appointed to investigate insinuations that corrupt and improper methods had been employed in the recent Senatorial contest in Georgia, and that the National Economist, the official organ of the alliance, and several State organs had boon influenced by Wall street capital. ; The.-io insinuations have been directed against Dr. Macone and President Livingstone, of the Georgia alliance. A resolution has been prepared indorsing Senator Stanford's bill for loaning money on land at 2 pep cent. Interest, the mortgages to rim for thirty years. Among resolutions introduced and referred at the morning session was one denouncing the railroads of Florida for raising tho freight rates on oranges; one providing for a constitutional amendment in accordance, with President Folk's suggestion for the establishment of a legislative council, 'and other matters appertaining to the internal affairs of the order. At tbe af to^ioon session Delegate W. S. McAllister, of Mississippi, introduced a resolution, which was adopted, denouncing the election bill. The preamble relates 1hat the bill involves a radical revolution in the election machinery of the Union, both State and National, and its passage would be fatal to the autonomy of the State and cherished liberties of the citizens; that in the holy war which they have declared against sectionalism the firesides of the farmers of the North, East, South and West were the citadels • around which the heaviest battles were being fought; and, to the end that victory may crown their crusade and fraternity and unity reign, they, therefore, protest against tho passage of the bill, and earnestly petition the Senators to employ all fair and legal means to defeat the measure, "which can result in nothing but evil to one pommon and beloved country." At the night session of tho alliance General John H. Eice, of Kansas, addressed the convention on tho improvement of the Mississippi river, urging an appropriation by Congress of $9,000,000 in addition to $1,000,000 already appropriated. THE COLORED ALLIANCE. OCALA, Fla., Dec. 4.— While the white alliance was in session Wednesday the National Colored Alliance formally opened its third annual convention, with National President J. S. Jackson, of - Alabama, in the chair. The principal business transacted was the reading of the annual address of National Superintendent R, M. Humphrey, who is really tho executive head of the organization. There are about fifty delegates present, and they appear to be intelligent men who know what they want and are ready for business. Mr. Humphrey's address is a significant document, inasmuch as it is outspoken for third-party politics and declares unequivocally for the Henry George single-tax idea. After reviewing the growth of the order Superintendent Humphrey spoke of the deplorable condition in which the colored people had found themselves. Unable to clothe and feed themselves, a return to abject slavery seemed inevitable. Among the causes which retarded the progress of the alliance ho mentions the opposition of many people to negro education and the opposition of newspapers which are usually under the control of monopoly. He denounced too National banking system and the speculators who sought to contract the Currency. The convention was thoroughly in harmony with the views expressed by the National superintendent. The secretary's report showed that there were now enrolled in the organization about 1,300,000 as members, of whom over 700,000 are male adults. All of the Southern States are thoroughly organized and tho following are partially organized: Delaware, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri and Nebraska. In round numbers there are in Alabama 100,000 members, South Carolina 90,000, Mississippi 9;), 000, Texas 90,000, Georgia 84,000, Arkansas 20,000, Louisiana and Virginia, 50,000, Tennessee 60,> 000, North Carolina 55,000 and Kentucky 25,000. The balance are scattered among the other States. At the afternoon session & oojamijtaa from the white alliance consisting <?f $ delegate from Tennessee, Yirgi»|a, Alabama and Louisiana, called iu to extend fraternal greetings, 'JCbey were cordially received, and an invitation lor the colored men to send a delegation to the meetings pf the w)4fces w»s accepted. The visit will be made Friday. THE BROQKUYN~iRI09E. StatlBtlcs of the UV» l*ad« of tlie «ve»t Deo, i— The annual story of the New Yoric tyjd, BrooVJyjj bridge is told by President James Howell, of tne board of. trustees, in bis yearly report to Mayor Grant and Mayor Chapia. Ihe receipts during the twelve njootba ended Dec, I, 18»«, fropa tolls amounted to $U«7,o»4.«P. TtMse we » 87,, 7Jfl,4ii uaBaenors oa« wfalefc gave Movement on Foot Looklfljt . f>Ht»hl*tttlon of a Third fftrtf ..JftvB^Streitf^tin •'D*- tfld IPi4rttWW»** AUlAncti Convetatton At Oonlft, JW«» i Ceo. 5, -<-l*he fcttnospheffc here. Sib far as a third party movement is concerned, is beginning to clear uf>* and while on account of the opposition of many of the moat influential Southern nrembers it is not probable.that any formal action looking toward the formation of such a party will be taken, it is a perfectly safe prediction to make that thero will be a third party in the field In 1892 which will have the moral backing of the alliance as an order and will receive the active support of all the Western members and many of those from the South. Delegates from the Citizens' Alliance after consulting with many of the leading delegates to the Alliance convention prepared a manifesto, which will be circulated for signatures among the- delegates and issued in a few days. The manifesto is as follows: "WiiERBAS, In unity there is strength, therefore It iji desirable that there should be a union of all tlie industrial organizations that stand upon common ground. To this and tho Individuals from the various States whoso names are hereunto signed make this call for a National conference, to be composed of delegates from tho following Industrial organizations: The Farmers' Alllanca, tho Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association, tho Citizens' Allto/tco, the Knlghta of Labor and all other industrial organizations that support the- principles of the St. Louis agreement of 1889. Each State tjj< send one delegate from each. CongressionaVxllstrlct and two for the State at large, each district organization three delegates and each county organization one delegate, the delegates to be chosen according to custom during the month of January, 1891; algo tho editors of such newspapers as have advocated the principles of tho St. Louis agreement and supported the candidates nominated thereon In 1890. The delegates are to meet In.the city of Cincinnati, O., Monday, February 3, 1891, for the purpose of forming a National Union party, based upon the fundamental Ideas of money, transportation, labor and land In furtherance of tho work already begun by these organizations and preparatory for a united struggle for country and homo in the great political conflict now pending, that must decide who In this country Is the sovereign, 'the citizen or the dollar.'" This practically leaves tho alliance as a body free, and the State, county and sub-alliances can do as they please about sending delegates. Tho Knights of Labor at the recont meeting in Denver instructed General Master Workman Powderly to call a similar convention. The plan is now to have the Cincinnati meeting, which will be really dominated by the Citizens' Alliance, an auxiliary to the Farmers' Alliance, which was intended to take in people in the cities and others ineligible to membership in the farmer body, take the initial steps to form the third party, and submit their work for the approval of the alliance and tho Knights in 1891. STRENGTH OF ^HB FAIIMEHS, More than 3,000,000 farmers are represented at the meeting at Ocala, JTla., of the Farmers' Alliance. Although the alliance has been in existence but two years as a political party, It has already shown considerable strength. It swept Kansas and la well represented in the Legislature of Missouri. The alliance Is semi-secret In Its workings and bars certain professions and trades from membership. The following classes aro ineligible: Bankers, merchants, brokers, commission dealers, buyers of cotton, grain and produce, lawyers, city doctors, preachers and school-teachers, land and book agents, canvassers, livery-stable Iteepers, speculators and gamblers. With the white alliance are many delegates from the National Colored Farmers' Alliance and Co-operative Union, which has 1,000,000 members. Among other organizations of farmers still in existence are the old "Grange" of Patrons of Husbandry, the Farmers' Mutual.Benefit Association with, 500,000 members, the Northwestern Alliance, whose headquarters are In South Dakota, and the National Farmers' League. The official enumeration of the number of members of the National Farmers' Alliance was undertaken last July by Secretary Turner, and the results he'arrived at at the time are aa follows: B,OOn[Minnesot3. fiO.OOO Alabama 75,000 Mississippi .... 60,000 Louisiana 80,000 Texas 150,000 Tennessee 100,000 Kentucky 80,000 New Mexico,... 5,000 Maryland Virginia. 50.0UO North Carolina. 100.000 South Carolina. GO,DO Georgia 100,000 Florida SO.OOO Kansas 100,000 ~ - - - • 60,000 5,000 40,000 Colorado 5,000 West Virginia. Pennsylvania.. 8,000 500 1,289,^00 South Dakota.. North Dakota.. Indiana Illinois 8,'000 Arkansas 100,000 Missouri 160,000 Nebraska 05,000 At that time the alliances In New York, Now Jersey, California and Ohio were not yet fully- organized, but their membership was roughly estimated as follows: New Yorli, 500; New Jersey, 500; California, 1,000; Ohio, SOU. It Is to be remembered, In connection with these figures, that In New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Ohio the Farmers' League and the Patrons of Industry have probably more members than the Farmers' Alliance proper, and that In Indiana and Illinois the Patrons of Industry, the Grange and the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association have altogether probably at least ten times as many members as the alliance. Since August 1 last, when these figures were com- pilud, the growth of the order has been very large In nearly all the States and, therefore, the claim that the alliance contains 8,000,000 members is, perhaps, not far out of the way. The Farmers' League In Massachusetts baa favored an anti-oleomargarine law, and at the last election secured twenty-two out of tho forty Senators elected pledged to support such, a bill. The National Alliance has elected its candidate lor Governor In Georgia, South Carolina, Tennessee and Nebraska, and claims to hold the balance of power In tho selection of six United States Senators. Thero will bo forty-four alliance men in the new Congress. WOBK OP THE CONVENTION. The work of the con Mention of the day w&s principally the reading of the official reports and the introduction of resolutions. AllBspeeohes were limited to five minutes. • A committee of one from each State was appointed to attend the Inter-State Immigration convention at Asheville, If. G, this month,. Resolutions providing fpr a grand e»» o&mpment of the alliance next summer, asking the alliance to demand of ss and the. State Legislatures the passage of a measure reducing the sal- Wies, of public officials were, with a, mu«|ber;0f ponstitiUtional amendments, referred to committees. Horrible Atrocities. , Deo. 5,—Horrible atrocities fco.be reported from Armenia. Three Armenians of Boulanuk were Iwrned *Uve on a heap of their crops. Si? Armenians pf V^in were shot and robbed by Kurds. An Armenian prism- er named Alotdjian w»s tortured JgMwrJb blyby vhe Turkish authorities, beipf burned with red-hot iron and his pierced with a dagger, DscL (L* _ fcas reappointed Jspepb, ?/J<W

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