The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on November 5, 1890 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, November 5, 1890
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Page 8
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Hats, Bonnets. We have now a complete stock of Winter Hats and Bonnets, showing all the latest styles in shapes and trir mings. Examine our and prices. E. Ree* Farm irf, stock-Yard. JA1V* —— (Ideas are AEs WILSON, Editor. Queries wr solicited from our farrow readers, Itor, Jatr .itjbe.anawcred. _ Address to the Ed- .es Wilson, Traer, Iowa.) Ai ~_ ><X>NA, IOWA, Nov. £, 1890. A- jods /e & Co. House, A _ BANCROFT, IOWA. C r j good accommodations for the gen- .ill public as can bo found in Bancroft. Commercial Trade Solicited, The Placeforthe Farmers to Stop. Accommodations for teams. GL 0, Austin, Prop, W. L. Douglas Shoes warranted, and »" i, , **v*i warranted, ana every pair lias hi* uniue and price stumped on bottom. W. L. DOUGLAS $3 SHOE Tine Cnlf and L,nced FOR GENTLEMEN. Waterproof Grain. v. 'I?' 1 W( 'n rl iK qualities of this shoe be better shown than by the strong endorse- nieuta of its thousands of constant wearers. SB-DO Genuine Han.l-Moweil, tin elegant and _. *£ _.. stviisi, dress Shoe which commends itself. SA..OO Hand-sewed \VeJt. A flue calf Shoe _"* _ unequalled for style and durability. SO. SO Goodyear Welt is the standard dress °.' at a popular price, t-iimn 1 * Shoi- is especially for railroad men, farmers, etc. All made in Congress, Button and Lace. *3&$2SHOESutfflt8 l have been most favorably reuetved since introduced anil the recjent Improvements make them superior to any shoes sold at tlit-si 1 jjrjces, Ask your Dealer, and if te-oannot supply you :send ^direct to factory enclosing advertised price, or a ^postal for order blaujts. W. I,. l»()U«k&S, llrocktou. Mass. F. S. Stough, Agent. The increase in wool duties and th,e movement to get mutton sheep will work well together. The tendency now is to increase the corn crop by figuring. We have settled down to balf of lost year's crop for the State, and the huskers agree with us. A report made to the British Parliment in 1880 of average wages for workers in textile fabrics shows that men earn $807; boys, $108; women, $195; girls, $51. worked into Our people may compete when A striking feature of the new tariff law is, absence of duty upon all imports goods to be exported, they please all over the world in all kinds of goods. Much of the wheat in California grows on summer fallowed land. The average is twelve bushels per acre for two years. The average of bushels an acre. that State is sixteen This indicates how fast deterioration is going on there. The statistician of the agricultural department puts the cost of farm labor in Great Britain at $150; France, $125; Holland and Austria, $100; Germany,$90; Russia, $60; Italy, $50; India, $30; and the United States, $220. No wonder foreign countries want to sell products here. There is a pathetic side to the tin con trovcrsy. The London Iron and 3teel Trade Journal says the reason wo can not compete with them in making tin is, "the entire absence of cheap female labor in the United ('States." Let the girls come here and do something easier and more women like than making tin. Iowa can employ 100,000 of them. Qnite a struggle is going on between the advocates of sweet butter made while the cream is yet sweet and that permitted to sour. The sweet butter will gradually grow in favor, and so will fresh, unsaltecl butter, for immediate use. The struggle is toward choice articles, and the man who can pay will have what is most delicate. to stop speculation in htm products, thinks nothing effective will gter be done until the press is punished far publishing reports of anything unreal, of in the nature of betting. The American theory is that a press to bo free may do as it pleases. The French are considering the wisdom of holding a newspaper responsible for making a big man out of a little one, for unduly puffing a candidate wr fails to pan out. Better let the boys all they hear and see that is white. >* Tithe under such will also convince south .0 tell The French Minister of thinks that owing to ed- the French farmers thro- ..».•,„„,,..-„, g* iculttM<e d) lhftt grow all the who- A , it needs fm J Tins suggest:, to us the wi fid om o* increasing o. ar factory people , M that wtam ^uropi ce ases to want ou fw heat-«nd other farm products-we -will cease to need their markets, and tlr l8 suggests less hostility to acts of Congr- m designed for that purpose. Southern cotton grr,wcrs (propose to borrow money at 4 ] ^ cont . ^ 8tore a cotton. That is a • /enaible move., and shows that farmers' associations are doing good. The trou ,|>te i n Iowa has been to get one farmer no trust another, to stand by another, . to fenow whom to trust, to know wh j, Was honest, and capable, ant resolu (e , and beyond cajoling, and flattery, a «! ptice. "We have high hope that the / Jifcuices will discover the weak and the i ;ttwn gl the self seeker and the disinteres 1 ^d, That they will stimulate inquiry ' .mfco something above and beyond the p eWy subjects that have kept men of like interests 1'60 rods apart all their lives. s >t Mali i,!i,t with Vestlbuled'Crains lie -thK-iiiiii Route between Cliica-'o Ooimcil Wwtt-^o malm and the' B'nciflc coast GreHt XntiuaxI Iloutu between Kansas City and sr. Joseph, M t . 6700 Mii«.« *>.{ K» H< I Chicaco < -'" lcago - For nraps, tiiM ;ni tin (l Dakota, tables, rates of and o - ot .lie uhtcoifn^ Milwaukee & Xf. »/™> R or to an y raUraLil agent oiiywliereta «»f R. Miller, A . V. H. Carpenter, (r«n'i UMW.^I: Gen'l Pass. Ai 1'loUet Pass. & I'loUet A't. to H. G. HAW AX. wauhee. iiife-iiiation in reference to Lands •'••"•—' '•-• OIIICAOO. MiiAvIu- Laiul *- u .m.L sin i, write Connatssioner, Mil- mm THECHJGA60 AND NQB!H-WE§T£RN R AIUWAM The whole English speaking world marketing grass fed cattt« and sheep t hogs to some extent wow. It will be wise to consider what animals will pay to hold awhile aadljdfinish for Ir'.gher classes. This is the -cheap meat season and many animals -are sold at a loss. Our drouth has greatly added to our sales. While grain is higher than a year ago, remember it ia still cheaper here than any where else. The class of 'land buyers exploiting Iowa at present 'is mostly from prairie countries further east where land is dearer but not -&uy better, and from eastern States, -wTiere land is dearer and not so good, and from foreign countries where land buying is out of the question. There is a good many of them. They are buying a good deal of land and they are getting basins, as the future will Show. They pay $30 to $40 an acre. Gov. Hoard never fails to hit a big cow a rap. His idea of dairy felicity as we read him this week is a 300-pound cow. It seems Elgin dairymen buy big, fat cows coming in, feed well and milk. When the cowis dry they have her fat and get her the price of a fresh cow for a dry one. This pays them, but it turns the governor's stomach. The Elgin people have hit upon a very old way of making the cow pay. It is not new there. The Wisconsin dairyman wants people to dairy especially. Circumstances alter cases. Just as wvuch time is required to work a poor far m as a rich 'one. Just as much time is required -to Taise a poor crop as a good o .ne. Thrift comes from having profit froca labor-after expenses are paid. The prosperous farmer has a profit, the thrif tless farmer ibas none, or less. When new land is called upon for a big crop amd res pomis, begin at once to pay back, or ex hausifton will surely follow. Poverty o';' individuals is not important to the 1 and. It will -starve off a poor farmer re Jent!«ssly and call for a better, but poverty of land is a pressing question. If we irad-a'census of the ratio of decrease in form lands it would be more valuable Ultra -one 'df 'mortgages. The most milk is had from feed most easily digested. Try different ways with the same feed. Watson, the very best feeder of -shoxv cattle, puts on meat the quiokestiby reducing the feed to a soup. Try this with the milk cow and note the gain and the extra expense. Watson both ground and steamed to make the feed digestible. That wtis for show cattHe, but it has a hint in it. Try ear corn, then make meal of the ears and try the dry meal, then mix the meal with hay and try that, then steam the meal and bay and try Dhat. If you have ensilage try all the above process of feeding the corn with it and you will soon tell which way pays you best, and then stick to that way. We know that mere meal is digestefl mixed with hay. We know it is still more easily digested steamed. The expense of manipulation may forbid. cofiditions. !S?« In lhe corn belt thftt dalr y «*«p«i accoroir. ^ ^ thoge up nonh of dovft is not Inspired, as far as they are .<je«i«<i It may take a good deal of however. Goy. Hoard levels half fch artillery at big cows, and many will i think tie must know lots, being an editor and governor. He does about his north- 'e» affairs, and very little about ours. Those who are interested in politics Will shade the tariff act to suit themselves. Sheep men have higher duties levied in most cases and sheep will pay better. That is certain. We will grow more sheep and extend our flocks. Our people want mutton, and we buy about a third of the wool used in the country. We believe the encouragement given will double our sheep stocks in the next ten years. The United States can very easily keep sheep enough to meet home demands for wool. Some South American States have twice our number of sheep, nearly. There is inquiry for the mutton sheep, aud all the breeds are coming here. Those who have Merinos or their grades can quickly get the mutton feature by crossing with any one of the mutton breeds and continuing with that breed. Type will rapidly be fixed and continual breeding in the same line will perpetuate it. The same thing can be done with the common sheep of the country. Grade up with one breed and stick to one. First determine which you prefer and keep to it. If you have hilly land it may be wise to continue with the Merinos if they are pure bred or high grades and •are paying you. Almost anything will improve the ranch sheep. The grass to ba eaten, the .grain you intend to feed, the size of your fleck, all have a bearing on what way to improve. The Merino is the sheep for large flocks. The heavy mutton sheep is most profitable for heavy soils, generous feeding, early lambs, big carcasses, medium wool, and careful handling. But by all means improve what you have and keep good what you buy. AlioKlsunriwa!'-' 1 l fac,ilitic's for transit between 11 im.Ls M nne- liH most niiiwitant cities anil tow >s in 11 i "\va, , Wiseonsui, Korllieni JlieliiL-an M " 1U ' <1 • S " U) " Uakot "' »&"««& Tho train inner the ivi, •travel, mill iu-eluile.s <!,-irefillly adjusted to of tlirouali and local Fast Vestiboled Trains Of .Dining Oars, Sleeping Oars & Day Coaches, j. solid between Chicago and St. Patrt, Minneapolis, Council Biuffs, Omaha Aad Denver. Pullman ad Wagner Sleepers •CHICAGO to SAN FRANCISCO CHICAGOto PORTLAND, Ore. WITHOUT CHANGE. COLONJST SLEEPERS Chicago to Portland, Oregon, And San Fraucisco. Free fiecltoing Chair Cars CHICAGO To DENVER, COL., Via c'uiMMul Ulull's aud Omaha. For vUiie of trams, tickets and all toforination apply to fetation Att*nts of the Clueauo & North wosteni Ifcuhvay, oj-Ui the General riisseujjer Agent at Clneago. *• W. H, Hainan, J. M. Whitman, Geu'l Manager. Tick. Agt. Third Viee-Prest. W. A. TH BALL, (ieu'l. Pass, Teacher's Reports AT HKPL'JJLICAN OFFICE. Thousands of western farmers have their feeding systems disarranged by hog disease. A system will eventually be devised whereby the feeding power can all be gotten out of corn without the hog. A steer and two hogs shut in a yard and fed ear corn will put on equal amounts of weight. The two hogs take the plague and die. The feeding process must stop if corn is too dear to be half lost. A dollar and a half a hundred is too much variance between fat hogs and the under fed. There seems to be a nervous desire to get hogs off at any price. Our people are losing fearfully here. Dear grain can not surely account for it all. Money must be scarce with many men. Disease in a neighborhood we are aware will hasten a thousand hogs to market before they are ready. Look at the loss entailed by such sacrifice. Nothing is more certain than that hogs will appreciate as the full force of the short crop is felt. Whatever a farmer's intention may be about future breeding, he can afford to buy corn yet to finish his thin hogs off. Where all are on the eve of making sugar from beets it is well to gather what we can from those who have been in the business abroad, where we get much sugar from. The pulp is considered almost as good after the sugar is xtracted as before for milch cows, and successful sugar making without the cow is not thought of in European countries. The converse of this is also true. Countries that can grow beets and have dairies can make it pay better to conduct both sugar and butter operations. Iowa can do both. Director Powell, of the. Geological Survey, in replying to a letter from a Dako- 't-a farmer, settles for good the prospect for settling any considerable portion of the desert from the north line of the country to the Mexican line. He says ar- •tesian wells water about an acre each; that only as much water can be got from ifchem as is caught from rains where the edges of the rock open to receive it; that •only small areas of the desert, or sub-humid region, as he calls it, can ever bo settled by farmers through artesian wells or by pumping or by dams. He says he has known parts of that region to be settled three times and abandoned as often with great distress attending each move. Our people may as well know these stern We sometimes wonder what factor has most influence in securing farm legislation. Are farmers demanding more loudly? Has education lifted the class more into notice? Do other classes re alize,flnally that they cannot prosperwhile agriculture languishes? Be the cause what it may, a new leaf has been turned. Wddo not think the American farmer will -ever again call in vain so long for relief that can only come from the lawgiver. Our petitions have certainly had respectf uly hearing and prompt response. On account of acts to help the farmer the whole world is talking about the commerce laws of the United States. The late acts of Congress have teeth, though quite young. Our products will go as they please or trouble will conic. The awakened farmer is more powerful than the most approved navies. Our trade is the most valuable to all foreign nations. They will be fair with our exports from the farm or lose it. One thing is surely in order. We demanded of our representatives. They complied. Let us be manly and reciprocate. Speak well of the brige that carried you over. Give the man recognition who stood up for you. It is established that Iowa farmers are a power in the land. Let it be remembered that they toave memories to reward a friend in his need. He is no friend of the Iowa farmer who advises him to destroy the representatives who stood by him in his needs. facts and abandon that ranchman and wild steer. country to the Mr. Walker, president of the trunk line association, proposes a trust in forwarding freight to and from the east. A small general rate committee to make all the freight rates. It seems the different roads will neither abide by law nor agreement among themselves. Still we are told they are all doing well. Their stocks and bonds sell well. They mostly report increase of net earnings. We remember some years ago suggesting a pool agreed to by the states and general government. There will be no peace to patron, official or stockholder until a fair rate is established by the roads, agreed to by the Railway Commission and observed while it remains fair to all. This proposal for an inside board will not settle difficulties that exist among the roads, because we have come to an age that wants to know all about it, must know, or the shipper does not feel safe. Try the above board plan, gentlemen. This is a period of peace between patron and carrier. It is unwise to disturb it. The Mark Lane Express, a arm paper, commenting en the London attempt It will very likely be some time before enough of our farmers have made themselves so familiar with all breeds of cattle aud their adaptibility to different soils as to determine, finally, what is the best for them. Vigorous men get into certain channels and so fortify themselves there that, right or wrong, they stick. It takes time to convince a jury. Time will determine, however, that the specialist wants a special cow, and that the general farmer wants one for beef aud milk. Time will also show dairymen The west develops its own way. In educational rnatters.it multiplies colleges. This is squareJy against eastern and old world ideas, but the old world is only learning how to educate all alike, by the State, and the east borrows from and apes the old worid. Iowa people will ultimately have a college in every county to train the coming American. The cost of universities and well endowed colleges forbids common Iowa people's children attending. It requires $5,000 to put a boy through Yale, Princeton or Harvard as the average goes. Iowa people can educate, but cannot pay for the extras. Hence multiplicity of colleges. The young boy or girl who has the steam engine latent inside will get all the start necessary in the smallest Iowa college. The denominational colleges with poorly paid professors, who think first of the institution and then of themselves, are the very noblest men in the State, and make splendid men and women of their pupils when they get through with them. The west is revolutionizing many old fashioned ideas about education that have obtained since colleges were first instituted, to educate men to preach the gospel, and common schools were ordained 300 years ago, to teach children to read the Bible. The objects of education have not been improved upon—unless we insist that self government was not anticipated by the oM furtherers of education. Coming back to our starting point, we conclude that the Iowa schools make strong men and women. ECONOMIC J-'EKOING. There is some misunderstanding regarding feeding. Our experiment stations have been working and reporting concerning it and more than they report is taken for granted, sometimes. Sanborn questions the silo, and Henry questions grinding. Some years ago the grinding of corn was experimented with and the weight of authority was against it because of the expense and because the hog followed up and acted as scavenger. Now we are entirely familiar with the plan of two factors intervene sometimes. Corn gets dear and hogsget sick, what then t If we remember the reports made by the stations, they concluded that grinding was some benefit but not enough to equal the expense and not necessary where hogs followed cattle. We know dozens of farms where hogs are dying off with the cholera. What are they to do If they each have a dairy of cows to feed? We do not believe it will pay to feed eat corn at all if hogs do not follow. As re • gards feeding meal we do not consider it much ahead of feeding ear teorn further than stock eat more of it. 'The trouble with meal fed alone is, It does not all come back to be ruminated. We never read of our experiment being made at a station with dairy cows by any of our noted professors where ear corn contested with the same amount of corn fed with cut hay wet. We will be obliged to any one who will give us such a report showing that ear corn is as good for the milk cow as the cut feed. We defy its production. If it is forthcoming we will experiment over again and if we find we are wrong we will own up. 'Till then we will believe that an ear half chewed and half, digested is not as good as an ear ground, cudded and all digested. We bar the hog in this case. Now for the steer and healthy hogs. We know where corn is cheap the two hogs put on about as much weight as the steer. This proves that the cow with the hogs to follow loses just half the strength of the corn, but where the hogs do follow we are of the opinion that more is lost than it would cost to grind and mix with meal, where corn is dear. Another .thing. The hog following cattle is just a good deal objectionable. More disease happens in such cases than elsewhere. Reports of hogs being so fed had something to do with shutting the markets of Europe against us. A very large majority of our pork is not made that way and it is a very poor argument for our experiment stations to make against a system of feeding that will get all the feeding power out of corn without the hog. THK COIAIMMIAX EXHIBITION. The Iowa commissioners of the coming world's fair at Chicago in 1892-3 are at work to prepare for making a creditable show. Iowa should excel all the States in an agriculture exhibit, and if the people cooperate with the commission, the State doubtless will. We are first in many things. In the farm departments Iowa has a score already, our dairy products, our hogs and cattle, our horses, our corn, and grasses, and flax and other cereals all excel. The State leads in intellegence and we should make an educational exhibit that would astonish the foreigners as well as the natives. Our manufactures are far greater in volume and quality than most of our own people know of, and the world must learn that such a people as ours do not stop with hogs and hominy. Our minerals are quite extensive and should be diplayed fully, our coal is found in a large number of countries. Our gypsum and building stone, our peerless soils and all beneath them should be shown to all the world. The Qneen of Sheba lost heart when she saw the way by which Soloman went up to the house of the Lord, and Iowa's grandest belongings are of the same sort. Our common schools, our academies, our colleges, our institutions of mercy and reform, our towns and villages and their comforts, the homes of our farmers, machanics and laborers and their comforts, our matchless system of railroads reaching every county, and a thousand other things that Iowa people have, placing them far in the van of any other commonwealth, should all be pictured, outlined, suggested at the coming world's fair. Only such people as ours, with such a soil and climate as ours, could make the progress we have made in so short a time, and it will do the world good to get a hint of it. We are not in need particularly of the weak, and the oppressed, and the outcast, and the ignorant, and helplass of all lands while we have big hearts. We stand in the A class among people. Let the industrious, the good, the true, the intellegent, the learned and the well-to-do come up and help us to press forward in the higher work and walks of life for the good of the B, C and D classes. HOMK MABKKTS It is fortunate for the western fanner that the home market is soon to absorb all his products. It is a well settled policy that railways are to be built all over the face of the earth, and as the too rapid extension of railways sets too many farmers competing in our country, so every mile built in South America, Asia, Africa and Australia will bring more farm lands into touch with the markets of the world. London papers tell us of receipts of all -kinds of meats and grains and dairy products from the far antipodes by fast steamers. We notice that sales of American cheese are slow because of heavy arrivals from New Zeuiaud. The railway being built from the Cape of Good Hope to the Mediterranean will settle up central Africa and the mines will be opened up, the farmers will plow and plant and make butter and beef, sell grains to get ready money, and they will have lyi influence on the world's markets. AH the new ready farm lands in our country are now under tribute to the farmer, but the world hag much yet to be subdued. Quicker and cheaper transportation makes products more nearly equal in price the world over. A pound of grain or meat or butter in Oregon, Bueoos, all flff«et each other. It is wise than, we febeat, that the United States 4 should diversify her industries and look to the neat future to have markets fo* her field products, as all the flatioas of the world are straining every nerve and adopting all resources to get field pfdd* uots for their people Independent of the tfnlted States. At no time in the world's history have so many new lands been, brought under subjection to agriculture and commerce as the near future will see. We must remember another fact Itt this connection. _0ur nation has been settled up by home seekers, by the sons of foreign farmers who wanted lands to make homes. This class is going elsewhere now to find homes, and wherever they go they will farm, and they will put field pnoducts on the world's markets. Wherever now cheap lands are to be had the migrating farmer will go. Wo have no more cheap good lanps for them, They will go elsewhere. We have been getting a different class lately, and one not so desirable, the town loving class, that has not the desire for the farm and not the class to make the right kind of an American town. This movement of: the home seekers to new lands abroad is- a hint to us to diversify promptly here- CLIMB HIGHEK. The Breeder's Gazette takes a pessimistic view of the cattle improvement.. It thinks that the arrivals at Chicago indicate that little or no progress is being, made, in fact that cattle are deteriorating. Low prices are said to be the chief cause- of it. Out of 81,898 cattle the week before last that went to Chicago only 500 were choice. Disheartened farmers have resorted to scrubs, grades and bulls of milking breeds, until the average has gone very low. Breeders for the beef breeds have, many of them, gone out of the business. Many of them make steers of pedigreed young bulls and realize about as much as if they sold for breeders. That paper thinks that it will take the services of every well bred bull obtainable for the next five years to repair the damage done. We have been talking this way for some time. A journey through Iowa will prove it. Drouth.that, brought low prices led to carlessness in managing the herd. Our people have the surroundings to enable them to raise the best animals, and the best only pay. We alwaj-s have breeders of poor stock, who neither know how to improve nor have the soil and climate to raise the best on. The ranches that cannot grow corn will always be producers of this third rate cattle. All their soils that do not graze well nor grow corn will breed poor beef animals. The dairyman at present is in favor of the small milking breeds, and all his calves will be third rate beef, while in Iowa on our soil they might be first rate. Beef and milk are not at enmity as some assert. The breeders of good animals can step above the competition of the majority that can not orwill not. It is merely a difference in the price of the farmer's day's work. He can compete with the ranch and at a disadvantage, as the desert will produce the cheapest grass steer, or he can breed the best and enter the select list, where good wages are paid. Most Iowa farmers have a natural right to breed the best. The wind is behind them. Cheap grasses abundant; cheaper grain than most competitors; fine cattle climate; easy worked land. Why should we stay in the lower C. D. and E. classes? Ayree, mow, Melbourne, the Siberia, o» Awyuwn MVKH.SIFIKD FARMING. What is being done for Iowa by our horse importers has been done, and is atill being done, by many governments for farmers. Horses are brought and kept for the use of the people in many countries, so as to insure the improvement of the horse. There are railway presidents who buy fine animals in our country and place them along their lines so as to have the stock improved. Our importers bring the best foreign horses here as business ventures. The improvement is remarkable in some localities and very little in others. Some people still cling to the $5 horse and of course no buyer of good horses ever visits them. When prices were low in late years good prices for good grade draft colts helped out many a farmer. It has in fact come to the period in Iowa farming when every department must be kept running or the farm will not pay. If the hogs take disease the profits go that year from the hog raiser. If he makes hogs a specialty he runs behind. If he is feeding steers and hogs, disease in the latter takes his profits. If he is a cattle man entirely and the drouth compels many cattle to be sold, his profits go for that year; or if he is a dairyman and the business strikes a period of low prices, he may make nothing for a time. Safety lies in not putting all one's eggs in one basket. Cows, the dairy, horses, hogs, with colts, growing steers, a few mutton sheep, some seeds to sell, fruit, honey, poultry, all or most of these fit into a departmental farm. One product may be below profit. The rest are likely to pay. We will no doubt have demands of us such as we never bad before for good farm products. Prices for most things will pay. For some individual product prices will run down now and again. The safety of the average farmers lies in the diversifying the work of the farm, just as the safety of the nation lies in setting people to doing different thing*. Diversification is to grow ia the nation, and the farming will have demand at good prices for most products. ? r ! m , nant8 ' beat quality c*lio, 5 per yd at 1

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