BLTTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEW1 FAQS nun PUZZLES THINGS TO DO STORIES Atom Works for Man Advances Seen In Many Fields Sub Is First Step BY MARGARET O. HYDE ATOMIC power which* firs showed itself to the world a • terrific destructive force i» now working for man in peacetime. Radioactive isotopes, known often as tagged atoms, are use In research to test blood circula tion through the body. They ar used in medicine for treatment o cancer, glandular ailments an skin diseases. And in industry tagged atoms have been put use to test the purity of materials Not long ago some scientist predicted that fifty years woul pass before atomic power woul be used as a fuel, before it coul be made to run engines. Manj laughed at the idea of harnessing the atom but scientists dreamei and worked and studied. On January 21, 1954 with th< launching of the Nautilus the age of atomic powered vessels began • The first atomic submarine is a terrific achievement brough about through the cooperation o the Atomic Energy Commission and the Navy led by hard working Admiral Hyman Rickover. Submarines of the past depended on storage batteries to drive them forward underwater Their power is good for only a few hours at moderate speed. The nuclear power plants o: the Nautilus and future atomic submarines will permit underwater travel at high speeds for weeks. An air conditioning system LMdlargellMMZiKMKS into iinch wide strips. (A&OUTlbORITPOLDS) 2. FLATTEN EACH STRIP AND OUEED&EDOWN. 3. OVERLAP ENDS ANDSEW ABOUT ZO STRIPS INTO A LONG STRING: .USE A UK6E NEEDLE. 4. TRACE AROUND AND CUT OUT YOURFOOTSflAPE ^ FROM CARDBOARD. S.Wind the strips around and around into the shape ofyourfooL.startincerte Check with yourpattern as you work- WIND STRIPS TI6HTLY AND SEW ACROSS 4 TIMES. 6. LAY IINCH WIDESTRIP50F HEAWLOTH ACROSS HEEL AND TOE FOR INPLAtiAND T.PAINTSNaiAG OVER PAPER. ...LET DRY GOOD BEFORE WEARING Riddles 1. What letter of the alphabet, If substituted, would make a dog act like a cat? 2. What word will, if you take away the first letter, make you sick? 3. Why should a ship's officer never put his chronometer under his pillow? 4. What is the difference between a bell and an organ? 5. Why is a violin like a bank of issue? ANSWERS: 1—Letter "r" would make purp—purr. ?,—Mutie. 3—Because he should never ileep upon hi* watch. 4—One rings when it's told (tolled) but the other will be blowed first. t—Because it gives out notti. Want Capt. Hal's Pen Pals Studying Ants Is FIRST PRACTICAL ATOMIC POWER PLANT—A cutaway model of The Nautilu*, first U. S. atomic submarine, it shown here. The sub fe 309 feet lone, 28 feet in diameter and weigh* 2800 tone. Speed is 30 mph with a ranee of 25,000 mile*. will remove carbon dioxide and admit fresh oxygen. Some Navy men joke about atomic submarines staying submerged for four years and only coming up to re-enlist the crew Certainly this is exaggeration but compared to submarines which depend on storage batteries, atomic submarines can stay submerged for a long, long time. SECOND REACTOR BUILT The reactor used in the Nautilus may be greatly improved in the future subs. Its power plan' is called "Mark II" for it was the second one to be built. "Mark I" grew into reality at Arco, Idaho, where it secretly operated first on May 31, 1953. Although it never left the desert this first atomic submarine engine was the real beginning of great things to come. Both "Mark I" and "Mark II" drive conventional steam tur- Dines which furnish the power to turn propellers. Uranium in the reactor of each of these engines is enriched uranium which produces heat. Water comes from the reactor very hot and radioactive. It goes :o a kind of boiler in zirconium tubes where it heats a different jody of water turning it to steam. This steam is not radioactive and can run the steam turbines. This s the basic principle of the ex- xemely complex power plant. TRY FOR IMPROVEMENT Another atomic submarine is under way now in Schenectady, Y. 7 where scientists will build an atomic engine and try to make a better one than the reactor which runs the Nautilus. When it is ready, heat from the atomic pile will be carried by pipes of liquid sodium to water >oilers where steam will be xeated to drive a steam turbine vhich will furnish power to drive he sub's propellers. Atomic submarines mean greater protection in time of war. At present there is no commer- ial use for them but with the advantages brought about by luclear power plants some men redict that they will be used to arry cargo from one side of an >cean to the other. Shorter routes may be possible nderwater and underice than JORDAN REBUS; Bethlehem; Desert; Arabs; Samaria. CODED MESSAGE: This na- on's constitutional name is the [ashemite Kingdom of Jordan. MIX-UPS: Jerusalem; Hebron; 'ead Sea. l DIAMOND: K FIR FINES KINGDOM REDAN SON M CROSSWORD: A M 6 & T A I J A R t KJ O o Kl & & o & R A M 1 0 L A T 1 C & A R T M O R Er T 6 V CHOOSE WHICH: 1—Otter. 2 —Attire. 3—Prospect. 4—Pre* . 5—Froward. «—Eject. 7— onverse. 8—Conserve. 9—Barage. 10—Compose. 11—Ascer- ain. If—Potion. 13- Oally. 14— resent. 15—Aspire. 16—Compel. those taken by regular freighters And the cost of fuel may someday be less in atomic vessels than in others. Uranium can generate as much power as 2,600,000 times its weight in coal. It may someda> be a fuel that will bring power to far parts of the world where none reaches today. Whole cities may get enough power to last them for years from a few pounds of uranium. One cannot even guess wha the future will bring when more atomic power plants work for man. The first practical atomic power plant is here. The atomic submarine is just the beginning QUESTION REVIEW Q—What two rroupi are responsible for the development of the first atomic submarine? A—Atomic Energy Commission and United States Navy. Q—What power te used in old- type submarines? A—Storage batteries. Q—What JB it* chief disadvantage? A—Power is only good for z few hours at moderate speed The Nautilus and future atomic submarines can travel at high speeds and stay submerged for weeks. An air conditioning system will keep the air fresh. Q—What ia Mark H? A—The power plant for the Nautilus, so called because it was the second one to be built. It drives conventional steam turbines which furnish the power to turn propellers. Games With Words BY MARION P. STEVENS and RITA F. DEWEY • Choose Which From each group of four words below, choose and circle the one which correctly answers the question. 1. Which is the animal? UTTER, OTTER, ATTAR, ETHER. 2. Which means clothing? RETIRE, ATTIRE, ENTIRE, SATIRE. 3. Which means a view? ASPECT, EXPECT, INSPECT, PROSPECT. 4. Which means to have charge? RESIDE, PRESIDE, DEIDE, SUBSIDE. 5. Which means obstinate; willful? FROWARD, REWARD, AWARD, FORWARD. 6. Which means to drive out? REJECT, EJECT, INTERJECT, OBJECT. 7. Which means communication? REVERSE, PERVERSE, CONVERSE, ADVERSE. 8. Which is the food? DESERVE, CONSERVE, OBSERVE, RESERVE. 9. Which means an obstacle? OUTRAGE, AVERAGE, COURAGE, BARRAGE. 10. Which means to invent? NTERPOSE, DEPOSE, PRO- 5 OSE, COMPOSE. 11. Which means to find out? RETAIN, OBTAIN, ASCERTAIN, PERTAIN. 12. Which means a drink? FACTION, LOTION, POTION, ORTION. 13. Which means to delay? DALLY, SALLY, RALLY; FOL. 14. Which means to offer? PRESENT, CONSENT, DISSENT, ASSENT. 15. Which meant to hope? RESPIRE, INSPIRE, CONSPIRE, ASPIRE. 16. Which mean* to force? 7EPEL, COMPEL, PROPEL. MPEL. Q—Is another atomic sub underway? A—Ye*. At Schenectady, N. Y., where scientists will build another atomic engine and try to make a better reactor than in the Nautilus. Q—What are the possibilities of uranium as a fuel? A—It generates as much power as 2,600,000 times its weight in coal. Whole cities may get enough power to last for years from a -few pounds of uranium. Q—Aside from a means of protection what is the significance of the first atomic sub? A—It is the first practical atomic power plant, leading the way to commercial and industrial use of atomic fuel. Dear Captain Hal, I am a girl 12 years old. I have light brown hair and blua eyes. I am five feet, three and one-half inches tall. My hobby is collecting movie star pictures. My favorite sports are ice skating and swimming. I would like to hear from pen pals between the ages of 12-14. El«enor Kirkup North Road Groton, Conn. * * • Dear Captain Hal, I am a boy 13 years old. I have brownish-black hair and brown eyes. My favorite hobby is stamp collecting. I would like to hear from pen pals between the ages of 10-15. Peter W. Hogan, 329 McKinley St. Chabot Terrace Vailejo, Calif. » • * Dear Captain Hal, I am 16 years old and would like some pen pals. I am very interested in Indians and Indian lore. John Ketarkus 3612 Kinze Ave. Racine, Wis. Dear Captain Hal. • I am 12 years old. I have medium brown hair and brown eyes. My hobby is collecting movie stars' pictures. I am very anxious to hear from boy and girl pen pals. Sandra Jo Keller Janesville, la. From You Such a Problem Or, How to Drive Parents Crazy Dear Captain Hal, I am 12 years old and in the sixth grade. I lik« to swim and skate. I make shell jewelry as a hobby. I am fond of all animals and have had several pet snakes. I also takt ballet and like it vary much. Betty Brown S. Ridgewood School, Grade 6 Daytona Beach, Fla. • • • Dear Captain Hal, I am 13 years old. I hav* dark brown hair and brown eyes. I am about five feet tall and weigh 104 pounds. My hobbies are collecting miniature dolls and singing. I would like to hear from boys and girls 13-15 years old. Virginia Fauser 115 Ruhl St. Waterloo, la. • * * Dear Captain Hal, I am 11 years old and in the sixth grade. My hobbies are collecting stamps and playing the piano. I would like to have several pen pals. Kaye Latil P. 0. Box 241 Ocean Springs, Mise. • * • Dear Captain Hal, . ^ I am a boy 14 years old. I have red hair and blue eyes. I like to participate in sports. I enjoy writing and receiving letters, so I'd like to have many pen pals. Milton S. Powell 171 E. San Salvadore, Apt. I San Jose, Calif. Puzzle Pete's Corner Trip to Jordan: Jordan Rebus If you are careful in your use of the words and pictures, you'll have little trouble finding the four facts about Jordan concealed in this rebus by Puzzle Pete: Coded Message A Simple code has been substituted for the correct letters in this sentence about Jordan (which happens to be the last word): UUt obujpo't dpotujuvujpohm obnf jt uif Ibtifnjuf Ljohepn per Kpsebo. Crossword It ACROSS 1 Dined 4 Prevarication 7 Male 8 Deed 9 Form a notion 12 Decimeter (ab.) 13 East Indiei (ab.) 14 Country of our visit 18 Prohibit 19 Steal 21 Before 22 Attempt DOWN 1 Part of "to be" 2 Oriental porgy 3 Conclusion 4 Pillar 5 Frozen water 6 And (Latin) 10 German river 11 Among 14 Jolt 15 Individual 16 Wile 17 Neither 18 Exist 20 Beside Mix-U,3 Rearrange the letters in each strange line to find the three sites of Jordan hidden here. MULES ES JAR BORN EH ADA SEED Diamond Jordan is a KINGDOM in the Near East, which provides a center for this diamond. The second word is "an evergreen tree"; third, "court charges"; fifth, "fortification"; and sixth, "a male child." K I N KINGDOM D O M Sports Twists The gym coach at the University of Illinois was watching his star, Dick Browning, go through his routine of running forward handspring, flip-flops, and backward somersault. Coach Pond wondered how high the tumbler was bouncing, and suggested that Browning try his back somersault over a high-jumping bar. Not too 'many years ago the world's record for the high-jump was only a few inches more than six feet. Browning back - somersaulted six feet on his first try. —By Jay Worthington Angelic Touch A student when asked to write four families of musical instruments complied with: strings, bran, pertussin and woodwinff. Iron Bridges Replaced Old Wooden Ones The first iron bridges erected in Canada were built at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, in 1877 and 1878 by the Starr Manufacturing Co,, Ltd., raising a fresh battle of wooden versus iron bridges between engineers in Canada. Many engineers advocated sticking to the old type wooden bridges, but others, far sighted, deplored the lack of imagination displayed by city fathers, and after much arguing a contract was issued to the Starr Manufacturing Company to erect the first iron bridge. The bridges were constructed in Dartmouth from material imported from England. Finally the old wooden railway bridges were replaced by iron ones in 1879. But today most all bridges in Canada are either of steel or concrete, or a mixture of both. * Could Be A fifth-grade pupil who was asked why the Appalachian Mts. were worn down replied, "Because so many people'' have walked on them." You May Like To Continue This Study Twelve- year -old Patricia Ann Wright of St. Augustine, Fla.. hat many hobbies, but she believes the most interesting o/ aH is studying ants. In fact this particular pastime iiispired Patty'to toritc a story of her observations. Patty is particularly proud that her father and. mother, Mr. a?!d Mr*. Virgil A. Wriflhi of 1S5 Mflpnolia Ave., braved fhc various experiments. And her sixth grade teacher at Fuller w o o d School, Miss Johnston, is equally proud of Patty's literary efforts. Her scientific study is printed here in full. Boys and girls who dare doubt the results, or wish to add to the tests, will have to start collecting ants, By Patricia Ann Wright Ants are easily killed by .smoke or five which some way affects their heads. If an ant is put into a small jar with a lighted match it Instantly starts rubbing its head with its front legs and in the sum of one minute the an falls dead to the world. An ant colony consists of the queen who lays the colony egg* the worker who gathers the food the cow ant who gives milk foi the young and the nurse ant who hatches and feeds and watches the young ants. An easy way to get an an colony you can see is to: (1) ge an old glass jar, (2) find'an ant colony, (3) take a tablespoon (4) dig up the ant colony, being sure to get the queen ant or your colony won't survive, (5) feec them little bits of sugar, marshmallows' and other sweet things ants go for, (6) put the ant colony in a dark warm place and leave for a week, (7) place saucer of water under the jar so Meaning Lies Behind Names Of Week Days BY ERNEST S. KELLY You like Saturday because il means no school. Fine. But do you know how the days of the week got their strange-sounding names? The days of the week are of Anglo-Saxon origin and each day has a special meaning. For instance: SUNDAY is the Sun's Day, named in honor of the sun. MONDAY is Moon's Day, to honor the moon. TUESDAY is so named in honor of Twi, an ancient Teutonic idol or god. WEDNESDAY is named so in honor of Wodan, the Norse and Teutonic god. THURSDAY so named in memory of Thor, the God of Thunder, much feared by the ancient Norsemen and Vikings. FRIDAY is Freya's day, in honor of Freya, German virgin goddess. SATURDAY is called after the Greek and Roman god, Saturn. ZOO'S WHO AMD GROUND BISCUIT WOID THE PCAOSfA BECAUSE IT CONTAINS NO FISH, AND LITTLE PLANT LIFE ttCAUSf OF TH6 ttttfNf •* <* THE Meet the author. the ants can't get out of the jaiv My study shows that ante lov<§ candy, most of all butterscotch. Example: I left a piece of butterscotch candy on the coffee table. I sat down and picked up a book. I reached for my candy, but lo and behold it was covered with ants, ants. nnts. A slight tap on the table sent the ants astray. Ants prove to be clean and very hard-working insects. In sense of. danger ants gather up their eggs and guard them till the danger is over. Ants are usually brown ; or black or sort o£ reddish-brown. Ants are very interesting and more people should study them. They do almost as much work in one year as a man doe». BEMCH BIT JAY WORTHINGTON Q—The batter swings at a pitch, topping it. The ball hits home plate and then bounce* into fair territory. Should the ball be ruled in play? A—Yes, since all of horn* plat* In considered fair territory. * * * Q—What major league team has produced the most batting champions since 1901? A—Detroit's Tigers, with 1». Ty Cobb won the title It tim«c during his career. * * * Q—What is a "wood man" ia. baseball talk? A—Good hitter. He connects more often with the heavy part of his bat—hence, be uses lots of "wood". * * * Q—What rule, originating with the National League in 1876, wa§ changed this year in reference to official bats? A—The requirement that a bat should be made of wood in MM piece. The change permits bate to be "laminated"—madt of pieces of wood glued toother. * * w Q—What is a "junk man" in baseball? A—Pitcher who doesn't have much speed, but relies on hie control, curves, and generally slow or "soft" pitches. * * * Q—Mickey Mantle hit a horn* run last year that traveled 562 "eet, at Griffith Stadium in Wash- ngton. Is this the major league record? A—No. A Detroit iporU editor once gathered affidavits of witnesses testifying that a home run hit during a game at Brlggs Stadium traveled approximately 600 feet. Who was the hitter? Bate Ruth, of course. Interesting Facts Roof-thatching is still a lively rade in England and Wales, where today there are nearly 900 master thatchers. Properly laid, thatched roof will last 15 to 25 fears, ' National Geographic Society ays if all the salt in the oceani were extracted it is estimated hat it would cover the land areas >f the earth to a depth of about 10 feet. Cuba is 760 milei from end t« nd but only 100 milec wide at he widest point. fc Ntar Enough A perplexed little lad looklnf t a platter of chicken finally tatcd his choice thusly, "Pleait ive me the flyer."
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