The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on November 5, 1890 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, November 5, 1890
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NEXT THE HEAD. Booh a dear, but such a dunco, Was tho rosy little lass, perfectly content to be At tho foot of her small class. Once we promised she should hnva Almost any thing she would On the tlay when oho could say She above tho others stood. Naught she aeemed to heed the wish, Loitorlngpn tho echoolward way, Never looking In her book, All absorbed In endless play, Judge then, our surprise, at last, Each day slipping like a bead, When she carelessly remarked Next tho head she »tood, Indeed. . Next tho head I Enough I Enough I * She should choose that afternoon .".From tho dolls that moved their eyes, Said mamma, and Bang a tune. Who, It happened then, we asked In our scholar's class might be— <O, the Innocent blue eyes I "Hnay Grey," she said, "find me." . —Harriet Proaoott Spofford, in Boston Globe. THE IEON MAID. How Its Arms Closed About Neck of the Collector. the RANK HODSON swore. Before him stretched the long suburban street, its dreary distance marked by rows of gas lamps; behind him a waste land— once a garden, now a vast rubbish- heap—and from the brick-fields beyond came a faint, sickly smell of burning bricks; and on the railway embankment, built up aboye squalid gardens and dismal yards, he could see a red •star gliding swiftly away from him. His last train had gone, and tho dull beat of the policeman's feet echoed in the silence. Nino miles from London, and not a chance of a hansom! The re•cording angel doubtless took in the situation at a glance and erased tho execration in the approved manner. Hod*on had spent the evening with a friend, and, aided by tobacco and whisky .and soda, the hours had fled so quickly [that Frank, looking suddenly at the clock, found that ho had but four brfef minutes in which to reach the station, 'half a mile away. Ho did his best, but 'fcy a fatality the train was punctual, and the unfortunate man was loft stranded, with no alternative but a nine-mile walk through streets deserted as those of Pompeii. As he mused dolefully over the prospect a porter came out and locked the •station door, and from him Hodson ob- itained a brief direction as to the shortest way to town. He sot out, wearily, looking at the stretch of lamps .•vanishing in perspective; and as be walked street after street branched off 'to right or loft, some far-reaching and •others ending abruptly in a piece of iwaste ground and a heap of sand. By •degrees, as he walked on, the houses Improved; the suburban builder had allowed himself a wider scope, and for 'the artistic comfort of those whose busi- 'jiess kept them all day in the dreary •45ity had placed twin plaster lions to .guard the approach of each flight of eteps. The gardens, too, were somewhat larger; here and there green leaves shone under the lamps and Elod- aon smellod mignonette. The road be- ,gan slowly to climb a hill, and, looking ap a side street, he saw tbe h^.lf moon Tise above the plane trees. Resolutely (he pressed on, listening for the wheels -of some belated hansom; but into that land of men who go to tho city in the morning and return again in the even- Ing, the hansom rarely comes, and Hod«on had resigned himself a second time 'to the walk, when he suddenly became .aware that some one was advancing to meet him along the pavement. The man was strolling rather aimlessly, and looking about him; he was, therefore, :fio policeman; be wore a silk hat; he filled with object*) which might bo fur* niture, Mr. Mathias sat down in a second arm-chair and looked about him with a omious smile. lie toa3 an odd- looking man, clean-shaven, and white to tho lips, apparently between fifty and sixty. "Now I have got you here," he began, "I must inflict my hobby upon you. You knew I was a collector? Yes, I have devoted nivself for years to collecting curiosities, which I think are really curious. But we must have a better light." He advanced to the middle of the room and lighted a lamp which hung from the ceiling, and as the bright light flashed round the wick from every corner and space there seemed to start a horror. Great wooden frames connected with ropes and pulleys stood against the wall; little tables glittered with bright stool instruments, carelessly put down as if ready for use; a screw and vise loomed from one corner, and in another was a saw with cruel jagged teeth. "Yes," said Mr. Mathias, "they are, as you suggest, instruments of torture. Some—many, I may say—have actually been used for that purpose; a few aro reproductions after ancient examples. Those knives wore used for flaying; that frame is a rack, and a fine specimen. But those are all European; tho Orientals, of course, are much more ingenious. There aro tho Chinese contrivances; you have heard of the 'heavy death? 1 It is my hobby, this sort of thing. It gives mo tho greatest of luxu- ries—tho luxury of terror. But I must show you my latest acquisition. Come into the noxt room." Frank Hodson followed Mr. Mathias. The weariness of the walk, the late hour and the strangeness ot the surroundings made him feel like a man in a dream—nothing would surprise him. Tbe second room was liko the first, full of strange, ghastly instruments; but beneath the lamp was a platform, and on it a figure. It was a large figure of a woman cast in some dark metal, her arms stretched forth and a smile upon her lips; it might have well been intended for a Venus, and yet about it there was a deadly look. Mr. Mathias looked at the thing complacently. "Quite a work of art, isn't it?" he said. "It's the Iron Maid. I got it from Germany; it was only unpacked this afternoon; indeed, 1 have not yet opened tho letter of advice. You see that very small knob above the breast? Well, the patient was bound FREE TRADE AND THE FARMER. r THIS IS THE IKON MAID." to the maid, that knob was pressed, and the arms slowly tightened round his neck. You can imagine the result." As Mr. Mathias talked he stood on the platform and patted the figure affectionately. Hodson had turned away, and was gazing abstractedly about him. He did not "hear a slight click; it was not much louder than the tick of a clock; but he heard a sudden whirr—the noise of machinery in motion. He turned around. And never has he forgotten the anguish and the terror on Mr. Mathias' face as those relentless arms tightened about his neck, or the shriek that ended suddenly in a choking groan. The whirring noise had suddenly changed to a heavy droning wound. Frank tore with all his might at the iron arms, and strove to wrench them apart, but utterly in vain. The head had bent down a little, and the iron lips were upon the lips of Mathias. It was five minutes before the Iron Maid unclosed her arms. * # * * * The letter which accompanied the figure was found unopened upon the table. It was read at the inquest. The German firm especially warned Mr. Mathias to be extremely careful in touching the Iron Maid, as the machinery had been oiled and put in thorough working order.—St. James' Gazette. "THEY ABE INSTBOMENTS OF TOIITUBB." •was, therefore, respectable. The two tnen met each other under a lamp, and, etrangely enough, found each an acquaintance. "Mr. Matbias, I think?" said Hodaon. "Quito so. And you are Frank Hod- aon. You know, you are a man with a Christian name, so I won't apologize for my familiarity. But may I ask where you are going?" Hodson explained the situation. "I think I have only about five miles further," he concluded. "Nonsense; you must come home with •me. My house is close by. In fact, I was just taking my evening walk when •we met Come along; I dare say you will find a make-shift bed easier than a •five-mile walk." Frank suffered himself to be led along, feeling a little surprised at BO much geniality irotn a casual acquaintance at the club. Mr. Mathias took him up a side-street, and stopped at a door in a high wall. They passed through the still, moon-lighted garden, and into tn old red-brick house with many gables, and Hodson sighed with relief AS he fell back into an easy chair. There was a shaded lamp which threw » bright, white light ttpstb* table where it stood, but left ^»^gp^ in and if was IQDS »«a low th« Condition of the KMKU.M)I I' armor and tha American Afirr <uiHur.nl.. Forty years ago, when it was sought to change the policy of Great Britain from protection, whlcii had boon in force for moro than 400 years, the farmers of that Kingdom were told that great advantages would inure to thorn: 1. fa cheaper clothing, iraplomonts.eto. 5 2. They were told that, with the world for a market, manufactures would prosper, and those people depending upon them for a livelihood would become liberal buyers of farm products at enhanced pricos. Inasmuch as the same arguments are urged upon the farmers of this country as an inducement for following the British policy, it will be interesting 1 , and may prove profitable, to note the effects of that policy upon English agriculture. Facts of history are much safer guides than fine-spun theories of cconom c writers, or specious arguments of free trade politicians. England adopted her free trade policy in 1840, when, according to official reports, her farmers were growing 1 14,100,000 acres of wheat, oats and barley, valued at $450,000,000. Forty -one. years later, in 1887, acorage in the same crops was 9,87(5,370, with a value of $300,000,000. This in face of the fact that the populat onofthoK ngdom had increased from 28 000,000 to 37,000,OJO. Commentng upon those official figures, a prominent London journal remarks: ''Thus we have, w th a 80 per cent, increase of population, a reduced Ullage of land for wheat, barley and oats of 4,383,730 acres; and besides that, the serious and lamentable loss of the purchasing power of the agricultural products to the extent of £50,000,000." That is to say, English farmers, had 3?250,OJO,000 loss income in 1887 than in 1846, as ' the result of forty-one years' trial of free trade. The values of agricultural lands have meantime fallen 40 to 75 per cent., and the tendency is still downward. In view of thesa facts, there is little room for wonder at existing agitation for return to the policy of protection. More than 600 tariff clubs have been organ zed in England, not alone by those engaged in farming, who were the first sufferers under the policy which it is urged that this country should adopt, but by workmen in the mechanical industries as well. One hundred and forty public meetings favoring "tariff reform," in the direction of protection, wore-held in England during the first three months of the present year. It will thus be seen that the promises of prosperity for farmers under free trade have not been fulfilled in England. With cheaper clothing and cheaper food has come diminished ability to buy. Farmers in this country will do well to be content with the experience of their cousins across the water, and continue their refusal to lend themselves to a change of that economic policy which has brought to the United States a prosperity unparalleled in the world's history. When we buy abroad the seller's profit remains abroad. When wo sell abroad the buyer's profit remains abroad. Under protection both these profits remain at home. __^ _ NOT SECTIONAL. since 187';. p ( ,;nt (,<> \.\\n, public moasuro you have piu ,,p 0n t ] )0 statute books in the interrst of the country or of your fellow. citz'-ns in all that period of tihic. You said you would revise the tariff, and in all those years you were never able to do it. Mr. Herbert: Because a Republican Senate defeated our bill. Mr. McKinloy: Ah, but you had the Senate in that time; it was Damocratio for two years, and during the same period you had the House. You said you Would reduce the revenue; yet in all those yean, you reduced the revenue less than 87,000,000. And during the eleven years in which the Republicans have controlled, from 1860, we wiped from the statute books throe hundred and sixty-two millions of annual taxation, and wo propose by this bill to roll away sixty millions more. There is the record of a party that has methods. But you have no methods, except those of obstruction and of maddened resistance to public measures.—Cong. Record, September SO. WAR REMINISCENCES, CAPTURING A FLAG. THE NEW TARIFF. j Prof. Thompson on the ChnngflB-Not Ona Duty In i our Increased -The'Farmer Particularly Benefited. The new tariff puts on the froo list a larger proportion of our importations than did any of its predecessors. Under tho tariff o! 1883 about one-third of them camo in free of duty. Uner that just enacted nearly one-half of them will do so. But the goods thus favored aro those wo are not able to produce for ourselves, and therefore auch as come under tho head of natural and indis- ponsible commerce. If one were to listen to our free trade critics he might suppose that tho majority in Congress had no other conception of tariff revision than the increase of duties along tho whole line, and that tho changes made by the Mo Klnley tariff consisted of an indiscriminate addition to the duties already imposed. I have examined 8131 items of the new law, comparing them with the corresponding items of the law of 1883. In the case of 118 I am not able to say whether they effect a reduction or an. increase. Of these 115 are alterations from ad valorem to specific duties, such as Mr. Manning proposed for the whole tariff, while three are changes in the other direction. This is 'an improvement. It is better to specify a given amount of duty per pound or yard or gallon of any imported cotnmoiiity than to aay that the duty is ten or twenty or forty per cent of its value, as the former duty is surer to be collected honestly; but it would Invention of Steel P«ns. Mr. Joseph Gillottwas a Birmingham working jeweler in 1880. One day he accidentally .split one of his fine steel tools, and being suddenly required to sign a receipt, not finding his quill pen at hand, he used the split tool as a ready substitute. This happy accident led to the idea of making pens of metal. It was carried out with secrecy and promptitude, and the pens of Gillott became famous. The manufacture of metal pens has been as important as any invention connected with business and education since that of priuting. There are now numerous firms which produce as many pens every day as all the geese in England could have supplied in a year. There ia still, however, a large demand for quills and quill pens; but for common use, in these days of universal education, the importance of Gillott's first invention is incalculable.—Leisure flour. about The Acme of Contempt. Lounger — You look flustered something, Fritz. Obenfegger— Who vouldn't already? Dot teller vat looks like Cbon Bulli- vans dakes down mtiin "No Shrookin" sign uat lides bees cigar mit it. — Puck. A Compliment or OtberwUe. Editor— What do you suppose keeps tbe world from being blown off into Friend— I don't know ual|sa if 8 weight of your Weekly. Durlnjy the Debate In the House Mr. Mc- Klnley Showed That the Tariff BUI Is Not bvctlonal. Mr. McKinley: The gentleman from Alabama says this is a "sect onal" bill, and that the country is suffering because we are "tinkering with the tariff." "Tinkering with the tar ffl" That is the mission of the Domocrat'o party. And this is a "sectional" bill! I say that there is not a single paragraph in this bill that is "sectional" in its character—not one. It is National' from bo- ginning to end. Look at the Mills bill, which you passed in the last House. It s sect onal from top to bottom. -You jut what on the free list? Cotton ties or the use of the people of the South. You put cotton ba-jging an ;he free list, You protected your sugar and your rice; and then you turned to the farmers of the North and put their wool, their flax, their hemp, and other agricultural products on the Iree list. If there ever was a sectional emanating from any party in this House or any other, it was the Mills bill of the Fiftieth Congress. This is called a "sectional" bill; now what has this bill done? It has taken care of every product of the South, unless you except sugar; and it has given to the producers of sugar a bounty equal to the duty they heretofore have boon enjoying—a d reot and assured protection. I have a number of items here that I want to call the gentleman's attention to. Yellow pine, I believe, is a product of the South—produced no where else. Mr. Herbert: And white pine is a product of the North, Mr. McKinley: Exactly; and under this bill yellow pine of the South is made dutiable at $3, and white p,ne of of the North at $1. Take rice. Take mica. This product of North Carolina and of Tennessee we found upon tbe free list; we in the House took it from the free list and put it upon the dutiable list, and in open Senate our provision was approved by a majority vote. Mr. Grosvenor: Take coa and iron ore. Mr. McKinley: Yes, take coal; take iron ores; take sponges; take oranges; take rice; take any thing you produce in the South and look through our bill and you will find in every particular it has the same need of protection that we have given to the industries of tbe North. And we propose, Mr. Speaker, to go right on protecting the South, as we hays done for twenty-five years—in spite of themselves, in spite of their Representatives, we propose to go on givmg them such protection as will still further increase their industrial prosperity and development We have done it for twenty years or more, and we will not stop ao long aa we have a majority in Congress, notwithstanding that tueir Representatives bore oppose tb,e very principle upon which the prosperity of tho South de- petds, anl to which it must log* for {(* future development. Talk about "methods," YOU, h,avo been ii» pf the H^yae fet taelye take a closer knowlege of pricos than I have to determine which duty is the higher. Besides those there are about half a dozen more of tho items which I can not make out from the copy before me. This leaves 693 ite.ms with regard to wh : ch we can see what the new law does in the matter of altering the incidence of duties. I find that in the case of 244 the duties are left as in the law of 1888. In the case of 128 the dut es are reduced, not increased, an'd thirty-eight others are transferred to the free list In 170 cases existing duties are increased, while twenty-three articles which were admitted free under the law of 1883 aro to pay duty under the law of 1890. It is worth noticing that the articles in which the farmer is directly interested,,are treated to increase of import duty more freely than any other class. No fewer than eleven of the twenty- three new duties are for tbe farmers' direct benefit; and of seventy-five other items in wh oh he is very directly interested as a producer, twenty-two are converted from ad valorem to specific duties, and twenty-nine are cases of an increase of duties, while only in eight cases are duties lowered, and most of those are Southern produce. If the whole tariff had been revised after that fashion, tbe free traders would have made much more of an outcry than they have been ab e to raise. Taking the tariff as a whole, not one duty in four is increased, and the things put on the free list exceed those taken off it by seventy per cent In the farmers' part of tho law. wn find that"nearly half the duties are increased palpably, while others are made more stingent by conversion to specific, and nothing is put on the free list in whoso home production he is interested. One of Gc.noral Butler** J of lii» stay In New (i "It came to me one day that a very nice little circle of young ladies, pretty girls they were, too, and loaders in society, wore having a sewing-bee at the house of a wealthy lady, in a fashionable quarter, and that tho girls had been at work upon an elegant Confederate flag, which they wore going to try and smuggle through the.lines and send to tho Prussian battalion, which, under the command of tho Prussian Consul, was then fighting in Bcaurognrd's army. The flag was half done when I heard about it, and I didn't want an unfinished flag, so I concluded I would lot them finish it up. I %vas informed from time to time as to how tho work progressed; how they got tho silk, tho bullion fringe, tho tassels, and finally that it was all done, and the next day that they woro to make the case. So I called in my orderly and said to him: 'Take my carriage and drive down to Mrs. So-and- So's house, and present my compliments (my compliments woro tho o?ily ordor I ever sanfc in Now Orleans), and say that General Butler would bo glad to see Mrs. vSo-and-So at his office, and that he had .sent bis carriage for her.' In half an hour Mrs. So-and-So walkfid in. I showed her to a scat and began: 'Madnm. I havo Hont for you bocausn I wantbd a Confederate ling, and yon have a very fine one.' She started to interrupt mo, but I motioned her to bo silont, and continued: 'The Sunday-school children up at my town are going to have a Fourth of July celebration (this was about tho middle of June), 'they have never seen a Confederate flag, and I want to send them one, and want as nice a one as that one of yours." She immediately began to protest with the well simulated astonishment that she did not know what I meant. I stopped her and said: 'Now, madam, it is useless to deny or get excited in this matter. I know whai^I am talking about, and can prove to you that I do! To convince you of tho accuracy of my information I will tell you where tho flag was last ni.ght; you slept with it under your pillow.' This was a clincher, and there were no more denials. Then I said: 'Now, if I were you, Mrs. So and So, I would go right away and get that flag and bring it here; yon are welcome to my carriage.' She went without a word, anl in twenty minutes returned, followed by the orderly with a parcel under his arm. lie opened the package and reported that it contained the flag I wished. 'Don't make another,' I said to the lady, 'this one will bo plenty. I shan't need any more, and I would suggest that it would be unwise for you to make another for any one.' "She was the maddest woman I ever saw. She was so angry? indeed, that I think she could not speak for quite a minute; at all events, she remained silent for that length of time, and then said with a sort of gasp: " 'May I ask one question?" " 'Certainly,' I replied 'and if it is a proper one I will answer it.' ' 'Which one of those girls told you about that flag?' she jnapped out. 'One of thein, I know,-has been seen walking with a Federal ofllcer, perhaps it was she who told you.' " 'You must excuse me, madam, but I can not reveal my source of information, or it would be gone forever. Perhaps it was the young lady you refer to, or perhaps, it was one of your servants.' "'It was not the servants, for they know nothing about it. Only my foster- sister, my maid, know, and I know she wouldn't tell you any thing about it.' " 'I must congratulate you,' I replied; 'in the possession of such a faithful and trustworthy servant,' with something of a meaning emphasis upon the adjectives. She didn't see it at all, however, and went away under tho impression that the young lady who had boon courteous to a Federal oflicor must have been the tattle tale. "As a matter of fact, tho foster sister cart}o_ tq^me Bvnrvday with the latest Hag news, and lgavener§5 for tne information."—Philadelphia Inquirer. of d.ir fl?i;:fl, and fchflflft 'iau^fd tn« to Im.si !,;•.tr>. I r',tmf! to a halt, and wad peering inf.o Ihn darkness to make sure, whf>n a bullet whistled by me, andtheta came tho "rebel yell." Tho Confederate line charged up hill toward our guns, and I led charge! Lying down on my horse's I gave him the spur, and the yells of the "Johnnies" behind further stimulated hire, so that we got over the ground in a lively manner. With tho report of the first nhot fired at me, General Pleasantonhad opened fire, and those twenty-two guns belched forth destruction at a fearful rate. Although I was lying down on my horse, I kept an eye on the guns and guided my horse between the flashes, and in less time than it takes to tell it I was on the safe side of them. It \vn.s load and fire at will for some minuto?. Tho enemy was mowed down, in heaj-D, and ran back down the slopo to the cover of the woods. Old artillery officers have informed me that they never before heard such rapid firing. Tho roar was continuous, and the execution terrific. After it ceased I rode up to General Pleasanton and said: "Genoral, those people out there are rebels." There was a grave twinkle in bis eye as ho held out bis hand and replied, "Thomas I never expected to see you. again. I thought if they didn't kill you I should, but that was no time to stop for one man." I should have agreed with him mor» cordially if that "one man" had been some one else. IN PRISON IN GEORGIA. How the Vaptlves In JTacon I'rlnon Celebrated Ono Fourth of .July. Before passing tho gate [of the prison for Union officers at Macon] we expected to see a crowd bearing some outward semblance of respectability. Instead, wo woro instantly surrounded by several hundred ragged, bare-footed, frowzy- headed men shouting "Fresh fish!" at tbe top of their voices and eagerly asking for news. With rare exceptions all were shabbily dressed. There was, however, a little knot of naval officers, who had been captured in tbe narrow windings of the llappahannock by a force of cavalry, and who were the aristocrats ot the camp. They were housed in a substantial fair building in the center of the grounds, and by some special terms of surrender must have brought their complete wardrobes along. On hot days they appeared in spotless white duck, which they were permitted to send gut- side to be launderied. Their moss\as abundantly supplied with tho fruits and vegetables of the season. The ripe red tomatoes they were daily seen to peel were tbe envy of tbe camp. I well remember that to me, at this time, a favorite occupation was to lie on my back with closed eyes and imagine the dinner I would order if I were in a first-class hotel. It was no unusual thing to see a dignified Colonel washing his lower clothes in a pail, clad only in his uniform dress- coat. Ladies sometimes appeared on tho guard-walk outside the top of the stockade, on which occasions the cleanest and best dressed men turned out to see and be seen. I was quite proud to appear in a clean gray shirt, spotlesrj white drawers, and moccasins made of blue overcoat cloth. On the Fourth of July, after the regular morning count, we repaired to the big central building and held an informal celebration. One officer had brought into captivity, concealed on bis person, a little silk National flag, which was carried up into the cross-beams of the building, and the sight of it created the wildest enthusiasm. We cheered the flag and applauded the patriotic speeches until a detachment of the guard suc« ceeded in putting a stop to our proceedings. They tried to capture the flag, but in this they -were not successful. We were informed that cannon were planted commanding the camp, and would be opened on us if we renewed our demonstrations.—Lieut. W. H. Shelton, iu Century. An Old Tlrau Southern Democratic) Free Trader Hecomes a Protectionist. Bill Arp, the famous Georgia humorist, has contributed to the Atlanta Constitution one of the best illustrations of the value of the home market that has come to the front: "You know I was an old-fashioned Democrat, brought up (o be.iovo in free trade and sailor's rights. I am one now, but something has happened. I own a little farm near Cartersviile. I used to gather my corn and sell it in Atlanta for whatever they would give me. I had some pasture land for my stock and raised wheat, vegetables and fruit in a small way. What we could not consume was wasted. When the tariff went in to operation old Joe Brown started some iron developments near by and the Cartersville station became quite a village. The day before I left home I sold seventeen loads of hay. Buyers didn't bargain for it, but came and took all I could spare at my own price. I haven't sold a bushel of corn in several years. Those fellows come and buy U by the dogi-n for roasting ears. Jt's so with every th ng that grows on my land. I can not raise as much as thuy want I'm in favor of tho thing that did It; so I'm a protectionist" The Uumpalitu of 1893. I'reatdom HiirrUon hus'iil- wm-k signed the new American Tur it bill, a measure which wilt V)Q' much 10 Iv-ip f'Twani ihe (••m-"' of fr«" trifle, in 1892, at thenext Prep- identiat election, the voice of the American people will decide v, net nor or u>'i ili>; uiuny am iu be outiaxpouely tnxo i tor h • b< uuilt ot tuu few, upd Uuvo no'U'Ubtof the verclU-t. Unt I th u our trade w.tl) Areriot will i>e lit" viiy nan i o "Pf 1 ' 11 , ljut we do not antlol. pa'o any siripu* r>auug in uuy Ira oh of British nmnuf; c uro. — London Iron and bf I Trml»<» J urmtl.O'tober i. Wa have italicized the declaration that the campaign of 1$93 is to be fought n the question of whether Bm ek w,tu this country is to be uandi* or our laborers aro to submit to a re tftetion of wages and ft shortage o| THE VETERAN'S CORNER. BETWEEN TWO FIRES. Narrow Escape of One of General I'leas- unton's StaH' Olllcers. At the battle of Hazel Grove, during the ChancelJorsville campaign, General Pleasanton covered himself with glory. As General Hooker expressed it to President Lincoln, "ho saved the Ar my of the Potomac." The Eleventh Corps was in full flight. As General Pleasanton himself said, in writing about the affair afterward, in "Battles and Leaders of tbe Civil War," bo "saw that something had to be done, and that very quickly, or the Army of the Potomac would receive a crushing defeat." He proceeded to do the necessary "something," and while he was doing it there occurred an incident which is thus vividly described by tho man who was principally concerned in it, Major Clifford Thomson, of General Pleasanton's stair. Genoral Pleasanton rode from gun to gun, directing the gunners to aim low, not to get excited, to make every shot tell. The enemy were forming in line of buttle on the edge of the woods in our front. They were scarcely two hundred yards distant; yet such was the gloom they could not be clearly distinguished. General Pleasanton was about giving the order to fire upon the party when a sergeant at one of the guns said: "General, aren't those our troops? I see our colors in the line." This was true, for where he pointed our colors could be seen—trophies picked up on tbe field. General Pleasanton turned to me and said: "&lr. Thomson, ride out there and see who those people are." For myself, I was not at all curious about "those people," being perfectly willing to wait until they introduced themselves. But 1 rode between two of our guns, and galloped to within thirty or forty yards of ihe troops in question. All along the line they called out tome, "Come on; we're friends." It was quite dark and I could not *$>ake out tUeir uuifwm.8, but i could 6e» twplve-year-old hero of isia, lives in. Manchester, la. TUR Pension Office is to have 432 additional clerks on account of increase of business bv tho disability pension bill. COLONIES of old soldiers, whose names are on the United States pension list, are to be found in noarly every foreign country. In Germany alone there are 5(59; in Groat Britain, 475, and in Switzerland, 60. PJSOIIABI.Y the only man in the country who could say lie became a soldier when over sixty years of age has just died. This notable distinction belonged, to William Field, of Dcerfield. Mass., who was, until a few days ago. the oldest veteran in the land. A SQUAD of Tenth Maine Volunteers, while out scouting at South Mountain, came across an old woman hiding in a log cabin. After the usual salutations one of tbe squad named Spaulding asked her: "Well, old lady, are you asecesh?" "No," was the answer. "Are you Union?" "No." "What are you, then?" "A Baptist, and always have been!" The scouting party was satisfied. WM. J. HnooKS, of Sanford, Midland County, Mich., was a soldier in throe wars, the Mexican, Central American and for the JJnion. He received thirteen wounds anU carries in bis body three- bullets. When the civil war broke out be enlisted, and he served to tbe close, A large part of the time fee was. engaged in carrying dispatches, an4 bad many hair-breadth escapes, one timp having a rope around his nock to be hanged. JOHN A. RAWJLINS PO&T, of Washing!' ton, D. C., has been presented with » turtle which will be tbe ward of that organization, and in no dungor of the soup boiler. The turtle wan picked up ft few days ago near Alexandria, and it "ua4 engraved upon its uudi-rnoath shell tn« Inscription, '1803—H. A, 11., Co., A, 14 P. K. V. C.' Tho letters are now, but were certainlycu(.pn the during the war, as a Mr. lUmner did long to the company rt'(ene4 to, during

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