The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on October 29, 1890 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 29, 1890
Page 8
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Hats, Bonnets. We have now a complete; stock of Winter Hats and Bon-j nets, showing all the latest! styles in .-shapes and trim-' mings. Examine onr goods' and price*. E. Reeve & Co. Farm and Stock-Yard, ous .TAMES WltSOK, Killtor. (Ideris are solicited from our farmer readers. Queries will be answered. Address to the Editor, James Wilson, Truer, Iowa.) ALGONA, IOWA, GOT, 29, 1890. The Austin House, BANCROFT, IOWA. As good tteoomtnodations for the general public as can be found in Bancroft. Commercial Trade Solicited. The Place for the Farmers to Stop. Accommodations for teams. _ G-. 0. Austin, Prop, CAUTION yr*y,** v *» Common carpets are made of jute •mostly and jute goes on the free list in •the new law. "The common cow gives 8,000 .pounds of milk, the uncommon one 18,009" says an exchange. , very oar and price stamped an bottom. 8hoca ar « every pair ;Some papers take our matter and .credit it, others steal without credit. Be decent, brethern, or we must copyright. Credit the paper you clip from. WILL OTHER NATIONS BUY OF US IF WE DO,NOT &UY FROM THEM? England'. Policy and Mope.. Ottt- TMUt <tt 1840-tfrhat Ha* Bo.<mHo<I from Our Present Tariff—How to Increase SJothing helps a poor pasture thau sowing plenty of fresh Closely eaten pustures cannot bear seed, and close eating weakens tho plants. A correspondent of the Mark Lane Express says he aims to have a young sow raise a full litter the first time, as there is danger of the unused teats not raising good pigs next time. DOUGLAS $3 SHOE CENTRE*. Fine Calf and Laced Waterproof Grain. Our proposed tin .industry does not depend on tin in Dakota. Tin is not taxed. It is the tinned steelplates. England imports nine-tenths of her tin. It is the labor that the new tariff protects. The Chicago market is being crowded with half fed hogs that sell down very low. This effects the price of good hogs. It is evidence of great scarcity of corn in the localities they are shipped from, or very poor management. . »k 1 nd "'earing qualities of this shoe t _V e ,? eft , tersh <»« 1 «ianV the strong endorsements of Its thousands of constant wearers. Sj-.OO Genuine Ilnnd-scwed, an elesant and a.**-,. SB USD .dress Shoe which commeu'ds itself. £4.00 Hauil-Newed Welt. A Jlne calf Shoe , ne 9ualled for stle ami durability. tho staudnrd dress _ X _ £, hoe ' ut a Popular price. S 3' BO }™ li< n"" a ," " s(lot> ls especially adapted . ,, for rn ' lr °a'i men, farmers, etc. All made in Congress, Button and Lace f3&$2SHOESuS» 8 , •o?J » een moi ? fnvorably received since Introduced «^ h S^MFK"«}? Mm!Ute them 8Uperior Ask your Dealer, ami if he cannot supply you send vSw&SSgliSZfl* 10 * aavertised p*e* <* . W. k. DOUGLAS, Itrocktoa, Mass. F. 8. Stougla, Agent. Our cattle market is about as much effected by the late drouth as any of the previous dry years. The extensive -sales of their cattle are evidence of the distress of their owners. Even hay is scarce iu many parts of the country. We are asked by settlers in new sections if tame grass will grow without first plowing the land. Yes, and the best pastures we have are of that kind. Sow all the grasses you desire, sow plenty, sow often. If rough land not to be plowed, ever, sow blue grass and all the clovers, especially. Graze close a while. wllh v e«ibuletl Trains be and outc; between Cllicaun Uouncll Bl.ilfe.OnniUia and the Kiciflc colfst Creiit Rational itouto between Chlcien Kansas City ami st. Joseph, Wo. ' llcag0 ' 5700 Miles of !{„;,<) ronoliitt"- nil ' Me^fe-'' 1 ComnU«1?nVaiE THE CHIDAGO AND RAILWAY. se ! Tle « i;i carefully adjust eil to Fast Vestibuled Trains Of Dining Oars, Sleeping Cars & Day Coaches, Mji soiui between Chicago and St. Paul, Minneapolis, Council Bluffs, Omaha And Denver. Pullman and Wagner Sleepers CHICAGOtoSAN FRANCISCO CHICAGO to PORTLAND, Ore. WITHOUT CHANGE. COLONIST SLEEPERS Chicago to Portland, Oregon, And San Fraucisco. Free Reclining Chair Cars CHICAGO To DENVER, COL., Via Council Bluffs and Omaha ueiienu W, H. Newman, J. M. Whitman, Third Vice-1'rest. Geu'lMauager W. A. THRALL. Gea'l. Pa»s. & Tick. Agt. \ oung niau of good habits for a permanent position. Salary $65 per month; *35 security required. If you can comply with the above, call or address with references, ROOTI 13, Peavy G; ud, Sioux City, la. Grain grows here and is ES cheap as anywhere; fruits and vegetables grow here and are at their lowest; tea, coffee and sugar are free; hides to make shoes are free; lumber used here grows in this country; iron duties are lowered; common clothing is cheaper here than in any other country; coal is mined here in Iowa. Then why lei! poor men the tariff increases their living. "Who reads an American book?" may have been a trite saying in Great Britain at so me time but it certainly is not at the present time. We are surprised at the numerous quotations, extracts and borrowings in the best British journals, from our western papers. We notice little taken from eastern papers, singularly, but then there are none worth mention, com pared with western papers. An agricultural college in North Wales has to provide for the bi lingual difficulties it meets. Singular that the people of the little island of Great Britian can not understand what one says to the other without special training. There is some trouble o* that in Wisconsin this fall, but a few generations bring the same speech and mother tongue to our people in all our States, come from where they will. Common schools do it. While serious failures have overtaken farmers in the dry regions of country, it must be remembered that the pioneers beyond the reliable rain belt are only grain farmers mostly, who have tried to assimilate our methods to climatic condi tions that radically differ from ours. There are crops that mature in dry lands better than wheat and oats. There are systems that apply better to the semi desert than our system. The future will develop some such system. Mr. Speer gives us some valuable information in his Bulletin, No. 10, on many things. He ascertains to a demonstration what he said in a late paragraph about oats. "The early sowed do best. Ours is not an oats climate." He advises inquiry into and experiment con cerningthe substitution of clover for much oats. All the farm is bad Our farmers are now enjoying a series of forensic encounters between the advocates of Protection and Free-trade, in which the Protectionist -will be found talking for American interests every time, and the Free-trader will appeal for tolerance or sympathy for some foreign interest, generally British, as their heaviest contributions, boj;h of ideas and more mone y' are derived froipi that source, seed. The s "ggest\on, if noiithe argument, of the Free-trade orator jwill be that, as England is the largest purchaser of our farm products, clearing our markets of a surplus which would^therwise be very inconvenient, we shoulfl reciprocate and admit her manufactured goods; that England will not buyfof « s unless we buy of her. j This is a fallacy. England will buy where she can buy the 1 cheapest in the future, as in the past, j The foundation idea of the British political economy, Free-trade, is to sell dejjr and buy cheap, keeping the wages of Operatives at the lowest possible point, So that the profits of the completed transaction shall be at the maximum. j England adopted Free-trade only when her statesmen knew tlieir country superior to all others in abundance of money, in organization and in facilities of transportation, which gave 1 her at that time the cheapest freight rates of any country in the world. Tile measure was adopted without regard to the interests of her farming population.who are being eliminated. It was the hope of England that all the world would grovr r»w produce to sell to her for her manufacture and consumption, taking a portion of it back in payment, England charging her own price for transportation each way; that the world should "sell her skins for a sixpence and buy back the tails for a shilling." When England devised Free-trade and induced us to accept it also she thought to offer ua the only market for our farm produce. She intended to keep the only shop at which we could buy Our tariff of 1840 gave her such a start in that direction that the balance of trade on merchandise against us was over one thousand and five hundred million dollars, a sum paid in gold and bonds for goods we find we can manufacture cheaper and better than those she sold, while we have a debt to her requiring the transmission of about one hundred million dollars yearly aa interest money. These vast Bums she has immediately invested, largely in countries intended to compete with us in the sale of farm produce. The efforts of the Free-traders seem to be directed to increasing the capital which. England can so employ in the future. Under our present tariff laws over five hundred million dollars' worth of merchandise was brought into this country the last fiscal year, all of which could have been manufactured here. This sum at an average of $200 per capita would have supported a quarter of a million people, whose expenditure for American farm produce of all kinds cannot be put at less than twenty-two million Collars, whereas if they were employed in England—our largest customer for such produce—they would not take much over a million dollars' worth. Free-traders also claim that a tariff enabling us to afford 'the employment five hundred million dollars would pay for would not increase the wages of those so employed. oats. We grow too grown for sale from farming, unless at the equivalent of oat meal prices. We advise getting new seed quite often. Our continued drouths are giving new value to creek bottoms, low lying lands, sloughs and whatever lands are dampest naturally. Our best grazing lands in late years have been our dampest lands and our best corn lands have been our tile drained lands. Iowa has probably a fourth of her acres of this character that have not figured in the production of staple products. It will bo well to carefully consider the intrnsic value of these heretofore neglected lands. The dry uplands are not so good in drouths. The meat inspection law will give standing and character to our exported goods. Heretofore when trichina has been found in meats in foreign markets ours have been blamed. Besides the act has teeth in it for all countries discriminating against our meats. Uncle Sam Las lost patience with the usage of this farm boys abroad and won't stand it any longer. The foreign land owners can not longer get protection by giving our meats a bad name. They may put on duties direct, if consumers will stand it. Performance vs. Promise. There have been twenty-four sessions of congress since the close of the war of the rebellion. By a peculiar coincidence the control of the house of representatives, with which must originate all legislation affecting the revenue, has been for an equal period—twelve years—with each of the two great political parties. While one of these parties has been committed to legislation having in view the protection of American labor and industries, the other has been inviting the support of voters by its promises of " revenue reform " and the reduction of taxation. It may prove instructive to look over the record of each party for the twelve years it has controlled national legislation, and find out just what has been accomplished. The Protectionists, while in a position to originate legislation, passed eight acts by which the revenues were re- dueed $302,504,589. On the other hand, the party clamoring for' 'revenue reform" has, during the twelve years of its supremacy, reduced the revenue but $0,868,935. The figures upon which this summary is made have been before congress repeatedly, and have never yet been controverted. CJpon the record thus made—performance on the part of the one, promises on the part of the other—the two parties again appeal for the support of American voters. Which is most to be trusted? A Free-trade Dividend. Tho Consett Iron company, limited, furnishes in its recently declared dividend an illustration of the enormous profits of employers in Free-trade England. The London Iron and Steel Trades Journal says of this company: "The shareholders' capital is & few sovereigns short of £700,000, and on this sum dividends are to be paid which, with the interim distribution of profits, make 33J per cent, for the year. The actual net earnings in the twelve months amounted to £366,40d 14s., or more than 50 per cent, on the shareholders' capital." Mr. Gladstone evidently did not exag- ferate iu denying that profits vverti ugher in protected than iu uoprotected iadostris*. Wheat. While the quantity of American wheat sold to great Britain fell off from over ninety million bushels in 1887 to fifty-five and a quarter million bushels in 1889 the quantity supplied by Russia increased nearly fourfold in the same time—that is to say, from 10,854,607 bushels in 1887 to 89,800,878 bushels in 1889. Not because the Uuited States had not the wheat to sell, but because wheat could be bought cheaper from Russia than America. Consumers were too hard pressed by poverty to give heed to theories of reciprocity in commerce. They bought their bread of those who sold cheapest, and aa the Russian serf works for less money than has to be paid the American farm laborer, not only have prices been hammered down, but Russian wheat—sap- plemented by more than 16,000,000 bushels from India m 1889—has. been crowd- >u$ the Americaa ?r<4»ct fagg the markets ot wesjtero How ttra Mnimi*y HmtTttl Affect Vo* eign MtnnnfantttrAri, Commenting on the debate in the senate over the ditty«m ,tia plate The Evening Post says, after .admitting by direct hnpHcaton the assertion of The American Economist that the provision of the Mills bill taking the present duty off from tin pla^fce wa« aimed at our sheet iron industry: "They have somehow got hold of the Republican machine—probably by contributions to the campaign fund." This is from a paper which never mentions the contribution of $50,000 made to the Democratic campaign fund by an agent of the North German Lloyds, tior the remarkable extension of that company's earnings for carrying the United States mails under the late Democratic administration. But there are undoubtedly very heavy financial contributions available to the opponents of an increased duty on tin plate. They do not, however, come from American manufacturers, for if they did we xvould miss th« active interest displayed by The Post in this subject. According to the speeches at the Llanelly water works meeting, held June 3 last, where "the principal topic of discussion was the McKinley tariff bill, and the probabilities of the clauses increasing the duty on tin plate being agreed to in the senate," the prosperity of the Welsh tin plate makers depends on beating those clauses. Mr. Tregoning summing up the situation said: "Their destiny, however, was not In tlieir own hands; it was in the hands of the congress at Washington. He might be looked upon in this matter as pessimistic, but there was no doubt that something was going on in the United States which, if carried out, would mean not only a 'stop week,' but a perp&ual 'stop week' so far as a great many of the tin plate works in that neighborhood were concerned." Mr. Rogers, another manufacturer, in saying "the time would come when America would manufacture her own tin plate," recognized the fact that all Americans could not be fooled all the time, and that there is not money enough available in England to continue this country in its present wasteful practice of paying $33,000,000 a year to foreigners for an article we can make ourselves with American labor and American material. All European manufacturers will find their profits decreased by tho McKinley bill, for they will have to continue selling goods at about the old price, after paying increased duties, until new mills are started in this country, when they will have to sell for a less price. ENGLAND AND HER FARMERS. The Lessons Received from the American Policy of Protection. Great Britain has never for a day or an hour, since the beginning of her great war on her farmers by withdrawing all protection to their products, been without able and energetic protesters against that great iniquity, and their well directed efforts must tell in the not distant future. At present nothing seems so to exasperate John Bull as the great lessons which this nation is teaching of how protection to home labor disseminates industry ^intelligence and comfort among our people. It was that feeling of exasperation which impelled The London Contemporary Review not many years ago to momentarily forget its customary courtesy to opponents and to curse us editorially, in part as follows: "Wherever England turns, in the case of her own colonies even, she finds America, and always America distinctively, in her path of argument. It-is assumed that everything is finally settled when American prosperity is quoted to us, and the present writer can state from his own experience that the one infallible resource of the controversialists on the other side of the Atlantic is to unfold the brightly colored panorama of America's well being. Some silly people among ourselves even have had their intellects obfusticated in the same way. Surveying the whole scene, it may in fact be soberly and sadly said that the politico- economical doctrines of universal interrelation and co-operation among mankind, which our chief thinkers have made it the great task of England to spread, would at this hour be farther advanced throughout the world if America were blotted out." So. evidently, thought Grover Cleveland, when in the interest of British Free-trade and American mugwumpery he paraphrased the above utterance of The Contemporary by saying to the American congress and people, "it is a condition and not a theory that confronts us:" but America, and her institutions upon which those "conditions are based," are not to be scolded down nor "blotted out," but to remain as beacon lights to nations and providing homes for fugitives from British Free-trade, which has, as by the evidence hereinbefore presented, driven British farmers from their poverty cursed homes to find shelter, food and comfort within our hospitable boundaries. Stoves Stoves Stoves! This is a question everyone is interested, in at this season of the year, and everyone wants to buythe stove that will heat tie most surface with the least amount of fuel. In making my selections of stoves this fa I carefully looked into this matter and I ai* sure I have selected as good in every re-, speot as there is in the market. Please 1 call and see the new styles and get prices. I also have a large number of second hand stoves which will be sold VERY! CHEAP—from $3 up. Some of these stoves are nearly as good as new, Wood and Iron Pumps, Guns, AmunK tiqn, Husking Pins of every description, etc., all of which can be found at . J. W. Robinson's. UNDERWEAR Keep warm in cold weather. To aid you in doing so the Grange Store offers you a large assortment of Underwear. Men's Women's and Children's in all sizes, ages and prices. A full and complete stock. Knitting Yarns We have an Immense Stock of Saxony, Spanish and German Knitting Yarn and a Complete Line of Hosiery. We bought before the advance in prices- and will give you the benefit of it while present stock lasts. Don't delay. Prices will, not be lower this season. The Grange Store, Ambrose A. Call, D. H. Hatching, J. C. Blackford, President. Vice-President. Cashier FIRST NATIONAL BANK, on hana to Xoan at - c CLOAK SALE! October 3Oth at TAYLOR'S. Our Cloak Salesman will be here the 30th and any person wishing something new in the Cloak, Cape or Wrap line wej would be pleased to have them call. JAS. TAYLOR. Public Sale SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 1st. Twenty-three Head of Cattle. All Grade Short Honxs, The herd constate of Cows, Sfceere, Heifers, be hem to mommwlt j o'clock.' approveid notes at 8 ner owfe and Colves SR>« TO m ff *$*$' tifit vffi * ""** • m

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