Page 13 article text (OCR)
Hats, Bonnets. We have now a complete stock of Winter Hate and Bonnets, showing all the latest styles in shapes and trimmings. Examine our goods and prices. E. Reeve & Co. Farm and Stock- Yard. The Austin House, BANCROFT, IOWA. As good accommodations for the general public as can be found in Bancroft. Commercial Trade Solicited. The Placeforthe Farmers to Stop. Accommodations for teams. G-. 0. Austin, Prop, fATTTfAN W. I" Douprlaii Shoe* a vaU IAUJE1 warranted, and every pair 1ms his name and price stamped on bottom. W. L. DOUGLAS $3 SHOE FOR GENTLEMEN. Fine Calf and I^aced Waterproof Grain. The excellence and wearing qualities or this shoe cannot be better shown than iby the strong endor«e ments of Its thousands of constant wearers. SR.OO Genuine Hand-Hewed, an elegant and 9 stylish dress Shoe which commends Itself SJI.OO Haiiil-Newed Well. A line calf Shoe .50 unequalled for style and durability. Goodyear Welt Is the standard Shoe, at a popular price. SO.SO Policeman's Shoe Is especially adapted V for railroad men, farmers, etc. All made In Congress, Button and Lace. $3&$2SHOESLA F D°,ls. have been most favorably received since Introduce! and the recent Improvements make them superlo to any shoes sold at these prices. Ask your Dealer, and If he cannot supply you send direct to factory eucloafug advertised price, or a, postal for order blanks. W. J,. DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mass F. S. Stough, Agent JAMKS WILSON, (Ideas are solicited from. our farmer Queries will be answered. Address to the Ed- tor, James Wilson, Traet.Sowa,) IOWA, OCT. 22, 1890. 'The grain farmer uses «att.le as scavengers and cares little how dthey are bred. Phe buyer cares. We need fifty million move sheep, half of them mutton sheep for the heavy soils, and half of them fine wool efoeep for the hilly .and arid lands. Detoorning is being seriously questioned iby many wlm have practiced It. The cafctle huddle so much in fly time that they are thought to be injured. There 'as no doubt but that tbe-dlo gets more feed from fodders than any other method 5a vogue, acre for acre. Still, further expeaiments are not excluded. We hope those who report the beet sugar industry will tell us about the dairy features in connection. The Europeans who make sugar from beets have the cow always in co-operation. The United States uses 300,000 tons of foreign tin plate each year. Thousands of men are already at work in the Black Hills making pig tin. Chicago men are preparing to tin the steel plates. Low prices have been scattering the herds of fine cattle, and the process continues. There are not enough pedigreed cattle in the United States of all breeds to eat the grass of one Iowa county. Somebody loses money every time an underfed beast leaves Iowa. Just so long as we sell such stuff there will be a margin for eastern feeders who finish, and finish on Iowa corn. Prime meats on foot are scarce and high. If our past seasons are indices of future ones stock owners may as well prepare to go down for deeper water. It is expensive at best, particularly so when a botch goes at it and takes a season to get a well, or may be get stuck fast. The veterinarians of all lands are inquiring into lump jaws. The tendency will be to clean out all affected cattle and make herds healthier. We suggest to owners to take the matter in hand and clean their herds of all weakly animals. It will pay. Many farmers tire getting a few well- bred cattle to start herds. Those who fancy Short horns as a breed are asking for reds. Remember that color neither I hurts nor helps in the feed yard, at the pail nor on thu scale?. Never reject a superior roan for an inferior red. Good cattle is the first consideration. seeing it defeated repeatedly fc? «a*tern Congressmen, after long, tireeottft work, by nearly all the western members. It will be ft factor ta the cheapening of transportation. It will be a way of getting war vessels to the lakes in -ease of need. With our local State rates on the river, heavy goods Will go to the lakes cheaper; or the railways will carry them through at canal rates, aa is done elsewhere. New York has always used it« influence against it. It is d much more important step for IOWA farmers than appears on the surf ace. It will establish a waterway to Europe from the lakes by the way of New Orleans, which, since the building of the jetties, has become the second grain seaport of the nation. THE BEST ACRE. Railway men rate an acre of pine land worth more to a road than an acre of wheat land. Where the acre of pine land is cut off the acre is of very little use to anybody, and when the acre of wheat land is thoroughly robbed, it is of very little use until somebody puts life into it again. The acre that keeps a cow is of very little immediate benefit to a railroad, but it has a power the pine or wheat acre, as they are being handled, has not. The owner of the acre that grazes the cow is valuable to this community. He builds and gives business to the road that fetches for him as well as carries from him. He has money to trade with and his merchants give work to the road. He is better off every year and takes frequent rides on the road. Towns thrive around the grazed acre and they give business to the road. Factories spring up where a community makes headway and they employ carriers. Cutting pine from one acre and getting wheat from another destroys both, and poverty is regular all around. The cow and the steer, the horse and the sheep, the hog and the hen, on small farms, where boys and girls grow to manhood and womanhood, through district and high school, through church and Sunday school, is the best way to have society arranged, and such conditions give the steadiest returns to railroads. gages ttntil the grain will no longer >the inteveflt and give the robber a living. Wo all Mad of the ruin of the soil of the gulf stated by cotton Arid tobacco raising. The eastern states have been robbed long ago and mature has taken them in hand and Is growing woods oil them. It is rather astonishing to read of worn out soils in our latitude and longitude. Our beat dolls will grow grain for many years, Fast Mail Line with Vestlbuled Trains between Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Minneapolis. Tnins-c<mt iiK-ntai iiouto bptween Chicago, Council Uluffs.Ormiuiiuiid the Pacific coast. Gi-pnt National itoutn between Kansas City and St. Joseph, Mo. 5700 Miles of Kou<t roacliiiur all principal points in Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouii and Dakota. For maps, time tables, rates of passage and station St Paul Railwa Chicago, , freight, etc., apply to the nearest station agent o[ the Cliicopo, Milwaukee ay, or to any railroad agent anywhere in the World. R. Miller, Crfin'l Manager. A, V. H. Carpenter, Gen'l Pass. & Ticket A't. information in reference to Lands ami towns owned hy the CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE & ST. RAUL UAILWAV COMPANY, write to H. G. HAUGAX, Ljind Commissioner, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. THE CHICAGO AND NORTH-WESTERN RAILWAY. al'iords unrivaled facilities for transit between the most important cities and towns in Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Northern Michigan, Minnesota, North and Soujh Dakota, Nebraska and Wyoming. The train service is carefully adjusted to iUL-t;t the requirements of through and local travel, and includes Fast Vestibuled Trains Of Dining Oars, Sleeping Oars & Day Ooaches, Uuniimgsolid between Chicago and St. Paul, Minneapolis, Council Bluffs, Omaha And Denver. Pullman and Wagner Sleepers CHICAGO toSAN FRANCISCO CHICAGO to PORTLAND, Ore. WITHOUT CHANGE. Hoard's Dairyman says a cow grazing on four or five acres will make the land poorer. Wonder what kind of land they have up there. A cow grazing on four or five acres of our land would soon have it so rich that the clover would smother itself, and the land plowed and put in corn would yield eighty bushels to the acre. Prof. Sanborn has his doubts whether the silo is to be the ultimate method of saving fodders. Be that as it may, it has taught what an acre can do. It has taught that digestibility and palatability are prime features of stock feed. It has, we think, given hints that will lead to the best ways of saving and feeding fodders. The time has not been long since our people would not milk cows. Depression in the price of cattle and hogs from what they were some time ago is very easily accounted for in the theory of short grain crops. The utmost conservatism is being used in putting up cattle to feed, and many hogs are being rushed to market to get them off the corn. This will stop after a while, and when the market depends on corn fed stock we think prices will materially stiffen. heavily of our ranch countries FUTUKE PRICES. The outlook for more mouths to feed in the future is good. There is great activity in every industry that does not produce food. Our industries are being diversified very fast in every direction. Edward Atkinson says that the ratio of increase in iron production will make the world's output in 1891, 56,000,000 tons. We make a tenth of the 28,000,000 now melted. Our coal and iron mines are very extensive and both are more cheaply got out every year. Production in the field will progress by better culture. The valuable new lands are mostly taken up. Prices will regulate the in•crease of production. Speculators have hurried productions in the past. Fen cing in wild grass and robbing wheat lands by steam have reached the maximum. Population will increase faster than new lands will increase the volume of farm crops. Produce in meat and grains will come about, but only by intelligent work. The farmer can estimate the future for him by the prosperity of other industries. Cheap food has given factory people a great impulse. Our speculative period is passing, success will come now by well attended life-long ef forts to do some useful thing somebody wants done. The farmer who arranges for a life-long, steady pull in his line will surely come out comfortably. The coming millions will look to us every day for food, and those of us who get nice things ready are sure to meet demand at fail- prices. The worst is over. and the grasses will bring them back to their original fertility, but such soils are only found la the finest parts of the grass belt. Many portions of this same belt rebel and refuse to give paying crops after a few years' robbing. Heretofore this was not noticed, for the robber simply went west and began again. He has fetched up now with a round turn out in the desert. The proper way for a poor man to reclaim worn out soils will be now in order. We have no hope of the man who grew grain until he ruined his acres. He must go and let a different man do the work. The cow, the dairy, the clovers, application of all manures, a system of rotation, no selling of grains, growing everything that will help to keep more stock, like roots, saving every pound of fodder, keeping but few hogs at first and never very many, as we regard the keeping to hogs exclusively and extensive growing of corn for them a robbing system. This may startle a little, tout we want people to. think about it. There is a great difference to the farm in keeping hogs and ruminants. The cow improves in many ways. Very little is sold away from the soil in her cas>e. She consumes fodders of all kinds, and if the liquids about the barn are absorbed fertilizers are rapidly made. We are writing for worn out farms. The cow will Iiv6 a year and raise a calf and make 300 pounds of butter, if she is a fine one, on the corn that would make a 300-pound hog, prop erly fed. The farmer on the worn out farm should have a silo, or a steamer, so as to make his winter's provender do -its very utmost. We write for a poor man trying to redeem a poor farm, by itself. Wealthy farmers can buy grain and stock heavily, and can bring back a worn out farm rapidly. Of course the means by which worn out farms can be redeemed are also the means of preserving good Stoves Stoves Stoves! This is a question everyone is interested in at this season of the year, and everyone wants to buy the stove that will heat the, most surface with the least amount of fuel.! In making my selections of stoves this fal| I carefully looked into this matter and I aud sure I have selected as good in every respect as there is in the market. Please^ call and see the new styles and get prices. I also have a large number of second hand stoves which will be sold VERY CHEAP—from $3 up. Some of these stoves are nearly as good as new. Wood and Iron Pumps, Ghins, Amuni- tion, Husking Pins of every description, etc., all of which can be found at J, W. Robinson's. -A LOT OF- 1 OF THE NEW lands from running down. We warn corn and hog men to beware. No readier way of drawing from the land, no more certain way o-f reducing it. Pal Styles in Carpets NOW ON EXHIBITION. VARIOUS QUALITIES & PRICES COLONIST Chica SLEEPERS o to Portland, Oregon, And San Fraucisco. Free Reclining Chair Cars CHICAGO To DENVER, COL., Via < 'ouueil Ulull's and Omaha. For time i/r rniin.s, tickets and ;ill information apply to station Ayents nf the Chicago & North rn Railway, or to thu Ueneral .Passenger at The Australians buy Merino sheep. The dry are exactly to the Merino. They herd in larger Hocks than the mutton sheep. Wherever large scopes of hilly land are grazed with sheep the Merino has few if any superiors. Our advice to the small farmers of Iowa on our heavy grazing lands, is to keep small herds of mutton sheep, which does not conflict at all with the Merino on his range. Bare pastures are responsible for much of the volume of thin stock that is being rushed to market. Farmers see very light corn yields and the expense of keeping stock over on dear grain. This factor is very potent in fall shipments this year. The fall rains were very light up to last week, and grass has been scarce. Hay will be fed sooner than usual this fall, and the temptation to thin down herds is very great. It will stop soon and the cattle market will become steadier. so r> on coit spre. >f UK of W. H. Newman, J. H. Whitman, Third ViciM'ri'.st. Gen'l Manager. W. A. THRALL. Gen'l. Pass. & Tick. Agt. Young man of good habits for aperma- ut position. Salary $65 per month; $25 T "Ruecurity required. If you can comply *-* J - <v - ' Jth the above, call or address with ref- o— M es Room At BEPDy iV T Grand, Sioux City, la, Something must be done sooner or later to stop the spread of hog cholera. We know of a case in point. A farmer's hogs become diseased in midsummer. The plague has spread from farm to farm in all directions until a whole township is affected. Now, if the destruction of the first Jot affected would have stopped the spreading of the disease, the farmers who suffered could well have afforded to pay for the lot. If this is practical, then State intervention would be practical. It is worth trying. The canal to connect the lakes with the Mississippi ia to be built. It has ta ken a world of worts. We remember TIIK OLD GUAIM>. Between the time that the Iowa farm educators began to warn the county about pluro pneumonia, years ago, and Secretary Rusk's final killing of the af- fectcd and exposed cattle in the East, is a period that has a history of its own. The work done for the country with re gard to cattle is only an incident. It is not very long. A decade about covers it. Father Clarkson spoke through the Reg ister, Father Coffin wrote for a Ft. Dodge paper, Dr. Wallace drew attention to what was in him through the columns of the Winterset Madisonian, Bro. Bennett was good natured, then, in a Waverly Republican, Col. Scott shone in the Davenport Gazette, we wrote grass stories for Traer Clipper and Gov. Que had control of the Homestead. Several others gave farm points in other papers. This hand 1'ul of men advocated the farmer in all his relations. Our first real set-to was with the barb wire trust, and the way that was managed gave courage to the Iowa farmers. Clarkson, Wallace, Coffin and ourself were appointed trustees. We collected and disbursed $13,000 from the people in dollar contributions and. $5,000 from the State. We paid all our own expenses, never touching a dollar of the farmer's money. We worried the life out of the barb wire people in the federal courts. Many things followed. The Iowa farmer is somebody. He ia a power in the land. Those who fought bis battles have the satisfaction of having done their duty. We could write a book of what has been done, where honorable mention could be made of that great old guard. Others have entered into their labors, but the pioneers cast up the highway. WOBN OUT LANDS. It would be very interesting to know just how fast the soil robber works to his end. Hoard's Dairyman, a very sensible paper when it treats of Wisconsin affairs, calls attention to the hastening poverty of farms up there. We hear of lands in Iow<t that have grown grain an,4 mort- IXAX INTERESTS. The enterprise of the Forest City people in building a flax palace sets everybody to talking about this cereal. It is as old as history, as a farm crop. It can be grown indefinitely without injuring land, if it is treated properly. There is no scourge so severe as growing flax seed as far as the fertility of the soil is concerned, if recuperative agents do not intervene between flax and flax. The old est farm writers tell us that flax grown for fibre alone is not, so severe as that grown for seed. Flax growing is increasing in the United States. In the census of 1880 we are told that the nation's crop was 7,170,951 bushels, and the department of agriculture reports 11,000,000 bushels for 1884. The present census will show a great increase over that. Illinois, Iowa and Indiana were the flax seed states in 1880 and New York the foremost in fibre production. With 421,098 tons of flax straw in 1880, the whole country only reported 1,505,546 pounds of fibre manufactured, and 843,965 pounds in New York. Iowa only reported 81,854 pounds of fibre. This is one of our great wastes. About Forest City flax is grown on the new lands extensively, but for seed almost exclusively. That is the locality where virgin prairie is t to be found in great bodies yet. - If the families that are now seeking homes there would utilize all the fibre, Winnebago county might become as famous in that regard as Delaware and others have become for the dairy. And here it may be said that the pasture and the cow should intervene between flax and flax, Iowa farmers can adopt flax as one of the crops in a system of rotation. We would follow it with clover and put the manure out on the flax stubble, and limit its acreage strictly to parallel the repletive forces of the farm. Perpetual flax growing would beat wheat es a soil robber, so let flax farmers beware what they are doing, Iowa can become as famous as Ireland for its fine linens if we follow Irish methods. Denser population will turn our farmers to reaching for the $48,000,000 we now pay to foreigners for flax and its manufactures and substitutes, The flax palace proclaims our ability to grow flax, the good strength of our soil, and at the If you are interested in Carpets don't fail to call and see them soon. The GraMe Store, Ambrose A. Call, President. D. H. Hutcliins, Vice-President. J. C. Blackforft, Cashier. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, Of Algona, lowii. ^-CAPITAI, $50,000.00. Money always OH liand to loan at reasonable rates to parties who can furnish first-class security ; Directors—Ambrose A. Call, D. H. Hutchins, J. C. Blackford, Win. K. Ferguson, O. B. Hutchins, Philip Dorweiler, Geo. C. Call. same time suggests the work ahead of us to make the most of flax. We buy flax seed from abroad for the oil. We paint. We send our flax meal to Europe to help foreign farmers to compete with us in making beef. This is another unwise step. We have much to learn about lti& possibilities of flax for good and evil. Now that farmers from the desert are coming back to Iowa to pick up what good farms they hurried over when going west, their poverty will compel them to draw on the soil for what is readiest, and flax is one of the things. We will rejoice when our people turn to saving the fibre. Mr. Post, the secretary of the I^wa farmer's alliance, in looking about for a fibre to make twine to flank the trust, ascertained that good twine was being made from flax straw that bad seeded. The alliance can do the state no greater service than to encourage the development of factories to work up flax fibre and spread information relative to the preparation of straw for it. We are assured that it is entirely practical. It »ay require cutting a littte greener w>4 sowing »Uttte thicker. JAW. This is a disease that is found among cattle.. It reduces the price of the best fat steers to fifty cents a hundred. When it gets into a herd it is sure to effect more the longer the lumpy are left. It is infectious and is very dangerous, it will stay in a pasture for years. Those pastures in which diseased cattle have been should be plowed up and cropped. Lumps come on the neck and jaws of cattle from three causes. They are of three kinds: The first is a wen. It is found about once in a hundred cases. It is a pocket of pus, and is caused by a bruise. All it needs is to be cut open and a little corrosive sublimate put in to slough the pygenic membrane out, then it will heal- Another kind is caused by Koch Bacillus Tuberculosis. This is diseased condition of the glands of the throat and head. They are large and bunchy, often causing roaring by pressing on the larynx. These bunches vary in size from time to time. They are attended with a diffused suppuration that in time involves the whole gland. In the early stages cut the diseased part of the gland out. It will heal and do well for a time long enough to fatten and ship, but if kept too long it will come back. It is of no use to work with bad cases, better shoot them. The last and most common form of lump jaw that we are to speak of is what is known as Actinomycosis. Every lump that goes to Chicago is Ac- tino and is condemned as such. This is wrong. Many a bullock has been con demned and shot because he has a small inspissated wen. All because they are not acquainted with the condition, Ac- tino tumors may bo found in any part of the body. They are found most commonly on the jaws and neck and where ever there are glands. It is caused by a germ of the same name as the disease. It gets into the body with the blood and is taken up by the blood. It is so small that it may be transacted all over the vascular system. The germ multiplies itself in the flesh and causes a chronic inflammation that produces the tumor. Actiuo bunches, in their mature stages, are raw and suppurating. The germ is being thrown off in this form. It is dan gerousto have a bad case in a herd. When the lumps are small and in the flesh they can be cut out. But when in the jaw bone there ia no help. Cutting out these lumps cures tor a time, but th<* soon come back. Bad cues had better be shot 9- W. W., D, v.«. To and for the People. Do you want a good, square meal? Do you want good, reliable insurance? • Do you want to rent a farm or grass land? Do you want to trade or sell your farm or other property? Do you want to buy a farm or unimproved land on long time with but little or no cash payment? Do you want to make a loan on your farm at the lowest current rate of interest and fayorable terms? Do you want anything in a legitimate line of banking? For any and all of the above, please consult K. M. Jiichmond at the Commercial Hotel and Farmers' and Traders' Bank Block, Bancroft, Iowa. Home seekers will find the last of 1 the public domain of agricultural E and grazine value along the tit. \ Northern Ity. in Worth Dakota! and Montana. I Free Lands, to Towns 100 or more,along the Gr tliern Kailway Hue. chances. Write F. I. St. Paul, Minn., for books etc, Write now. Settlers on free Government land along the Great Northern By. line in North Dakota and Montana gets low rates and flue markets torproducts. Hpting | Finest resorts in America along 1 Great Northern By. line in Min- Inesota, Dakota and Montana, j Best climate tor health seekers. Montana produces the finest I Horses and Cattle. Free ranges \ yet in House. Milk and Bun river I valleys and Sweet Grass Hills. | J PCPQ 1SG5, Cattle, tea: I ln Montana. Free Lands, New Towns, New Railways, Mew Mines. Low Bates. Largest area of good vacant land. S\veet Grass Hills, Milk and Bun Itivcv valleys, Montana, <cached only by the Great Northern Railway Line. The Stock Kaiser's garadlse. Sheep, Hois, Gold, COAL, The regions tributary to Great Nurcuern Railway Line in Montana produce all the precious and baser metals. New towns and railways are being built. Go to tlie Great Reservation of Montana and get a good free homestead. Low rates and free sleepers on Great Northern R'y, tine. Go BOW. Theso nave made Montana the richest state per eajdtoltt the Union. Plenty of room for more miners and stoekraisers. Now i» the time. Alonu the Great Northern Railway Line In Montana, are free ranches and pasturage, mines of precious metals, iron and coal, and new cities and towns. Now is your chance. Surrounded by »"flu* agricultural and grazing country, close to mines of precious metaw, iron ami coal,possession a water power uuequaled In *J»«lc*, It la Montana's industrial center: Tito valleys of Bed, Mouse souri, Milk (tndBun rivers by Great Nowhere »' rateexcjusf '