The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 8, 1954 · Page 1
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May 8, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, May 8, 1954
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NEW THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 40 Blytheville Courier Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Daily Newt Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS. SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1954 EIGHT FACES Sen. Dirksen Seeks to End Probe Soon Will Ask Showdown Vote Mondoy WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Dirksen (R-I11) said today he will ask the Senate Investigations subcommittee for a showdown vote Monday on a "concrete proposal which, if adopted, should end the McCarthy-Army hearings very soon." Although Dirksen declined to supply any details in an interview, GOP members of the inquiry group canvassed with Republican Policy Committee members at a secret meeting last night the prospects of limiting further testimony in the spectacular probe primarily to Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and Secretary of the Army Stevens. One Republican senator, who asked not to be named publicly, said the informal decision was made to urge White House officials to bring pressure on Stevens to agree to some such compromise. This senator said Stevens was balking at telescoping the hearings but predicted some compromise might be reached over the week end. Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch, who turned down a similar proposal earlier in the week, would not indicate in advance the Defense Department's attitude toward any new move of this kind. "I guess I'd better comment on that when it comes up Monday," he • said. Opposition Likely But Sen. McClellan (Ark), senior subcommitte e Democrat, served notice there is likely to be Democratic opposition to any sudden narrowing of the hearings which have brought Stevens to the witness stand on each of 12 days to reiterate charges against McCarthy and defend himself from Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS alls for Supervised Truce as Peace Talks Beg in Indochina ATTEND STATE LETTER CARRIER CONVENTION — Pictured above at a banquet last night at the Legion hut are national, state and local officials who are attending the annual state convention of the National Association of Letter Carriers being held in Blytheville today. They are (left to right, front row), Mrs. Emma Meyer, of Rockford, 111., national auxiliary president: Mrs. Josie Anderson, of Prescot, state auxiliary president; Mrs. Pauline Lloyd of Port Smith, state auxiliary secretary; and Mrs. Louise Prickett of north Little Rock, state auxiliary treasurer. (Back row, left to right), are E. S. Godwin of Hot Springs, state secretary; Peter J. Cahill of Washington, D. C., national secretary; John W. Schmidt of Milwaukee Wis., board of trustees; W. L. Inzer of Camden, state vice president: Jim Lloyd of Fort Smith, national state vice president; Paul Burks, convention chairman and president of the Blytheville branch. A business meeting and election of state officers are scheduled for today at the Legion Hut. (Courier News Photo) New Plan to Halt Reds in Asia May Utilize Armed Forces By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — The Eisenhower administration is considering defense commitments for Southeast Asia which "might involve the use of armed forces" to block Communist conquest of that rich, stategic area. But under "present conditions" the administration has no intention of sending American forces to fight in the war in Indochina. A "suitable basis" for such action is lacking. the Wisconsin senator's counter accusations. Stevens testified yesterday in an abbreviated hearing that McCarthy and his aides subjected him to "exceedingly serious" threats in an effort to get preferential Army treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former McCarthy investigative consultant. McCarthy called for a word-byword recounting of the threat- while pushing his contention that Stevens and others were using Schine in an effort to halt McCarthy's Communist investigations at Ft. Monmouth. These are the principal charges and counter-charges—each denied by the other side—which the subcommittee is investigating. With Stevens ordered back to the stand when hearings resume Monday, McClellan said that he doesn't see "how the committee in good conscience can deny any principal the right to testify." The New York Daily News, in a Washington dispatch, said thai the Dirksen plan would have McCarthy following Stevens on the stand Monday and that "formal charges" involving Adams and Conn would be dropped. Chairman Mundt (R-SD) disclaimed any knowledge of Dirksen's plan. There has been much discomfiture among Republicans, pablir display of a row between a These basic points of administra-«fr tion approach to the Indochina crisis were laid down by Secretary of State Dulles last night in a nation-wide broadcast only hours after news of the fall of Dien Bien Phu reached the American capital. Word that Communist besieger had finally overrun the Indochina fortress brought calls from a" number of U.S. leaders for new efforts toward united action against Red aggression in Southeast Asia. President Eisenhower messaged President Rene Coty^of Prance that Dien Bien PmT defenders should know "that no sacrifice of theirs has been in vain; that the free world will remain faithful to the causes for which they have so nobly fought." He -sent similar word to the Viet Nam chief of state, Bao Dai, in whose land lies the fallen fortress. Eisenhower summoned a special meeting of the National Security Council today for a purpose not announced, but virtually certain to include discussion of Indochina. Republican senator and a Republi can presidential appoint. Let Public Be Judge- McCarthy MILWAUKEE UP) — Sen. McCarthy last night issued a "put ii to the public" challenge on his memorandum containing FBI data on security risks at Ft. Monmouth Declaring the purported secret data had been called phony, the Wisconsin Republican said, "let the' public see it and decide if it's phony or not." * "At the very least," said McCarthy, the Senate Investigations subcommittee hearing testimony in his fight with the Army ought to be given a look at the contents. The three-page document McCarthy seeks to introduce as evidence in the hearing was offered by him as a summation of FBI warnings to two Army generals about security risks and radar secrets at Ft. Monmouth, N.J. Joseph N. Welch, Army counsel, t Wednesday germed the document "a perfect phony." Atty. Gen. Brownell has said the McCarthy document should not be made public because it constituted ''unauthorized use" of secret FBI material. McCarthy Said his document, which he has said he obtained from an Army intelligence officer he refuses to name, haa been stripped of all security information. He added that he would not expect the FBI to make public its file on the data unless all security information w*t deleted. The Council is the nation's top strategy body. Dulles, a Security Council member, in his television and radio audience, last night, expressed confidence that discussions now under way with 10 friendly nations—Britain and France among them on the defense of Southeast Asia will result in a free world coalition tha will rock Communist aggressio there .But he cautioned: Serious Commitments "This common defense may in volve serious commitments by u Democrats in Senate Block Ike's T - H Plan WASHINGTON (AP) — In an unusual display of solidarity, Senate'Democrats apparently have, crossed out one of the major items on President Eisenhowers legislative list for this year — revision of the Taft-Hartley Labor Relations Act. Southern and Northern Demo- all. But free people will never re main free unless they are willing to fight for their vital interests." So far as the United States is concerned, Dulles said that enter ing into such commitment is possi ble only on two conditions: : 1. Congressional approval would have to be given. Congress, he said, "is a full partner" with the administration in any such enterprise. 2. Other free nations would have to join the pledge and. share the burden. In Dulles' words, there would have to be "an adequate collective effort based on genuine mutuality of purpose in defending vital interests." New Political Organization Founded CHICAGO (/P.)—A new organization which was founded to "combat super-internationalism and communism" has announced it will enter the fall congressional elections. The organization, called "For America," was founded yesterday at a meeting in the Chicago .Club. The founders said it was not a new political party, but that the organization will Center the fall elections "to ifght within both par- ies for congressmen and senators who have the same principles" as he new group. The host at the luncheon at which he new unit was formed was Col. Robert R. McCormick, editor and mblifther of the Chicago Tribune. The Tribune in recent months haa >een publishing a series of articles cportinp: senltment among pocp 1 ? ovrViovt the r:-; on in favor ol political realignment. ] 387 Dog Togs Sold Here; 75 Strays Caught A total of 387 city dog licenses have been sold by the city clerk's office thus far this year, according to Bill Malin, city clerk. After working for a period of five days. Wesley Hall, city dog catcher, has picked up 75 stray dogs without vaccination tags or city tags, John Foster, chief of police, said this morning. Before a rabies innoculation clinic sponsored by the Blytheville Junior Chamber of Commerce with cooperation of city officials and local veterinarians was held last week only about 50 city dog tagsj had been sold. A dog must be first vaccinated against rabies before it can be licensed. Osceola Youth Hurt As Jeep Overturns Osceola—-Rutherfors Snow. Wilson, 111, 18, son of Mrs. Bob Gillispie of Osceola. is in Memorial Hospital today recovering from injuries received yesterday afternoon in an automobile accident. He received a cut on the left forearm when the jeep he crats, generally poles apart on labor issues, joined yesterday to send a revision bill back to the Senate Labor Committee, in effect, killing chances for its passage at this session of Congress. The vote was 50-42 and labor leaders hailed the outcome. Eisenhower asked Congress in a Jan. 11 message to make 14 changes in the 7-year-old law, which he has called basically "sound legislation." The bill which the Senate recommitted yesterday would generally have carried out the President's labor wishes, although several amendments had been offered that went beyond the Eisenhower recommendations. Filibuster Blocked Two of these—anti-discrimination proposals by Sens. Lehman (D-Lib-NY) and Ives (R-NY)— figured largely in winning Southern Democratic support for re- commital. The Senate had adopted a parliamentary procedure that foreclosed a Southern filibuster against these anti-discrimination amendments. Every Democrat was in the Senate chamber yesterday and all 48 voted to recommit the bill. They were reinforced by Republican Sens. Young and Langer of North Dakota. Malone of Nevada and by independent Sen. Morse of Oregon. Forty - two Republicans voted against the motion to recommit. Two Republicans were absent— Sens. Jenner and Capebart of Indiana. After it was apparent the Democrats had won .Sens. May- By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA (AP) — French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault told tire opening session of the Indochina confer- jence today that the war in | Indochina must be ended by an internationally supervised ceasefire, followed by free elections. In a 10-page statement the French foreign minister put himself on record as against partition of Viet Nam, whose ''unity, territorial integrity and independence must be respected." Bidault. apparently anticipating the claim to representation of the Communist regime in Laos and Cambodia, told the conference there is not any civil war in these two states. "In two of these states, Laos and Cambodia." he said, "the problem is clear. There, there is no civil war. but, an invasion without cause and without any declaration of war, an invasion which moreover threatens neighboring countries". .Nine Delegations Eight nations and representatives of the Communist-led Vietminh took part in today's session, first formal session on Indochina of the two-week old Geneva conference. There were delegations from the Big; Four, Red China, 'the three associated states of Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos and the Vietminh. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of Great Britain was chairman. The solution consists in directing the retreat of the invaders and in reestablishing territorial integrity of Laos a nd Cambodia, Bidault said. Speaking of Viet Nam, Bidault said the situation there represents "a very different and more complex character. We are facing in reality a civil war." "For France there exists a Vietnamese state whose unity, tefri- torial integrity and independence must be respected." The French minister said the Vietminh representatives had been admitted to the conference, so far as France is concerned, as a necessary step toward achieving a cessation of hostilities and their pres- VIETNAM TROOPS ADVANCE IN LAOS — Frecnch Union forces advance single file through woods in th« region of Ba Na Phao in central Laos in Indochin* about 300 miles from Dfon Bi»n Phu, French-held fortress in northwest Indochina that has been under constant attack by rebel* In recent weeks. (AP Wir«f>hoto) French Gloomy bat Will Continue Battle; Laniel Regime Might Fall PARIS (AP) — France was plunged into gloom today by her shattering defeat at Dfen Bien Phu but the military vowed to keep battling the Communist-led foe in Indochina. The loss of the bastion and its thousands of defenders on the eve of Indochina negotiations in Geneva raised speculation that Premier Joseph Laniel's government might fall * # * * * # - - ° - " Hope for Peace Seen In Dien Bien Phu Fall PARIS (AP) — Europe's press — both left and right — saw some hope for peace today behind the news of Dien Bien Phu's fall. In Paris, the Catholic paper Le Figaro said: "One hope remains to us: That the tragedy which has just concluded gives the conscience of the free world a decisive shock ence in the conference hall must not be taken as to imply recognition. Transitory Stage Bidault said the French foresaw a transitory stage after the cessation of hostilities when political problems could be progressively solved. At about the time the opening was agreed upon, the Communist regime of Laos—which the French say exists only on paper—circulated a statement at press headquarters demanding representation at the Geneva conference. In the meeting room, nine tables were set up in an egg-shaped arrangement for the particpants. The United States was placed alone at one end. of the oval and Communist China and Vietminh at the other, and Britain whole Western world will tear us away from our folly and find in its very strength at Geneva the means to conclude a peace." "A Ch»nc«" The pro-Communist Liberation declared "Geneva should give us a chance to reverse our policy and negotiate an honorable peace which would greatly contribute to effacing the errors of a fratricidal war. Peace always ennobles him In London, the Times said "The free world should pause for a moment to pay tribute not only to the heroic defenders of the fortress .but also to the French nation as a whole." The Daily Telegraph commented: "Even those mercifully unacquainted with such an ordeal can realize what .a feat of arms, what a triumph of spirit over body the defense has been. This is the light which shines through stark trage- been overrun, but in the murk they made on history and fche injury they inflicted on their enemy, there is nothing of line bitter taste of defeat." Rome's Daily II Messaggero said the loss of Dien Bien Phu is "certainly a grave blow for the French —but it need not be a decisive factor in the Indochina War, if in France and distant Indonesia there is no faltering in morale." Rome's Communist newspaper L'Unita published the fall of the fortress as its lead story, but it made no editorial comment. The Christian Democrat party's II Populo used the story under the headlines "Honor to the heroic defenders of the dustbowl fortress." were side by side Cambodia, Russia driving went into a ditch and turned on its side as he turned off Hale venue onto Grandview, city police was bank (D-SC) and Eastland (D- said. His condition was reported as good this morning, by hospital officials, and he may be released from the hospital this afternoon. Miss) withdrew their votes and agreed to pair with Jenner and Capejiart. record back to 1932 turned up no evidence of previous Democratic unanimity on a labor bill roll call vote. were placed along one side of the oval to the left of the United States and Viet Nam, France and Laos were on the other side. Under this arrangement Undersecretary of-State Walter Bedell Smith, the chief U. S. delegate, and Red China's Chou En-lai were seated as far apart as possible. A Big Three plan for a cease-fire line in Indochina was reported to be under consideration in Geneva and Washington, but indications were that no firm decision had been reached. All the major procedural questions apparently have been agreed See CONFERENCE on Page 8 "Striking: Defeat" The Communist Daily Worker called the bastion's capture "the most striking defeat so far of the American plan for Asians to fight Asians." It added that the defeat "presents tremendous opportunity for peace negotiations." The Daily Mail said "whatever the consequences of this setback, the British people salute the heroism of General De Castries and his men, both French and Vietnamese. They will be held in highest honor in military history." The Daily Express termed the fall "a military disaster redeemed only because it is also an epic, of unbroken courage." A Mark on History The HberaJ News Chronicle said "All France and all the free world Industry Fund Drive Total Now 730,000 With opening of bids set for 1 a. m. Wednesday. Chamber of Com merce found its $150,000 fund driv just under the $130,000 mark to day. The Chamber is attempting t raise funds for a building whic will be occupied by Central State Metal Co.. of Kansas City. It is expected that about $150 000 will be needed to handle financ ing of the building which is figure^ to cost about $250,000. This morning, $129,580 was in th fund. can take pride They have Main Trouble with Economy: No Confidence By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON (AP) — The government's latest job figures indicated today the main trouble with the nation's economy may be a lack of business and consumer confidence in the immediate future. Business and consumers alike are investing heavily in the long- term future. The booming construction industry is an indication of that. Business is spending heavily on new plants and equipment, consumers are continuing to buy new homes. But a Labor-Commerce Department .vrrvey on April fimplo.vmrjt shov.v/i .v;c/.aay li;a' u ->:.j.>r trouble spots in the economy art the factories, the mines and the transportation field. This report said April employment was 60,600,000, up nearly 'half a million from March and . that unemployment had dropped from 260,000 from March to an April total of 3,465,000. This conforms to seasonal experience. However, the number of factory jobs continued to drop last month, with a decrease of 250,000 from March and 1,350,000 below a year ago. Mining employment was 23,000 under March and 100,000 under last year. There was a 15,000 gain in transportation employment in April, but the level still wa» 200,000 below a year ago. A top government economist ro^f" • flio nl"?U : 'on Miis way: Cc ,;,:i\,, v.oir.cd about how things will go in the next year or so, are reluctant to take on short- term debts. This affects sales of such things as autos, refrigerators, TV sets and so on. Manufacturers of such items, noting slackened demand, are keeping stocks low. This is depressing factory activity and jobs. This in turn has lowered demand for coal, steel and other raw materials, reducing employment in those industries. Lower factory output and production of raw materials then have affected the transportation industry, hwere there have been heavy railroad layoffs. The rest of the economy seemi to b« thriving. The Labor-Commerce report showed, an encouraging employ- mni*; ' >( ?!::ip in f;>rm'-—, trnric, consi'L....oii and other seasonal activities Consumers apparently are willing to spend on day-to-day needs at the grocery and department store, but seem unwilling to take on one and two-year installment plan obligations. Government economists say privately that sooner or later either steadiness of the trade-construction segment of the industrial economy will inspire confidence ip the hestitating durable goods- mining-transportation group, or the effect will be the other way around. Secretary of Commerce Weeks and Secretary of Labor Mitchell said in a joint statement the over- a 11 employment-unemployment improvement was largely aeason- al, but represented the first sizeable gain "since the start of the employment downturn last summer." Britain Orders Explusionof Two Soviet Diplomats LONDON (&)— Britain announced today she had ordered the expulsion of two Russian diplomats because of attempted espionage. A Foreign Office spokesman declared the government yesterday gave the two assistant military air attaches at the Soviet Embassy 10 day in which to quit the country. He said the two men had "abused their diplomatic status in the United Kingdom by attempting to engage in espionage." The spokesman identified the two men as: Maj. Ivan Pupyshev, arrived in Britain in 1951, married with one child, Maj. Andrei Gudkov, arrived in Britain in 1951, merried, with two children. Thre* Forfeit Bonds » William T. Barnett forfeited bond of $111.75 in Municipal Court this morning on a charge of driving while intoxicated, while Fred Stead forfeited a $19.75 bond on a charge of speeding James Mathis forfeited $30.75 bond on a charge of petit larceny n connection wila taking some coal j oH from Gfeiott Mark*. \ In Saigon, Gen. Henri Navarre, commander of French forces in Indochina, issued 9. terse order of Lhe day saying "the fight continues" despite the serious setback. A rebel broadcast monitored in Hong Kong claimed 'the "com;' mander of Dien Bien Phu" ajud about 17 companies of French Union troops fell into Vietminh hands when the last defenses caved in. The radio did not name Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, but the reference to "commander" indicated the heroic leader had survived. The broadcast gave no word as to the fate of pretty 29-year-old Genevieve de Galard Terraube, French air force nurse who had been trapped in Dien Bien Phu since March. 2.000 Annihilated The Communist radio in Peiping claimed the attacking masses anni- lilated almost 2,000 French Union troops who tried to break out of Isabelle, an outpost three miles south of De Castries' headquarters bunkers. It was not known what happened ;o the hundreds of wounded lying in dank dugouts in the hart of the or tress. The Communists had turned a deaf ear to all French pleas for a temporary truce to evacuate the casualties by air . In Paris. Premier Laniel and Defense Minister Rene Pleven were booed and hissed when they showd up at ceremonies clbrating th erman defeat in World War ii. The burning issue of France's Indochina policy is expected to come before the National Assembly again next week. With deputies already demanding the scalps of thoseesponsible for the worst defeat in seven years of Indochina warfare, the debate easily could result in a new government upset. News of Dien Bien Phu's collapse had been expected almost every day since fighting for the north Indochina fortress started nearly munists. Recently it had become two moijths ago. But the headlines, when they came, struck a hard blow at French morale and* increased demands for peace—at almost any price. Severe Criticism The cry that some way out of the 7-year-old war must be found was once popular only among Communists. Recently it had become shrill and insistent from, many quarters. The government came in for severe criticism on Indochina policy in assembly debate this week. With the gallant defenders of Dien Bien Phu still holding out and the talks Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Warmer Sunday and in northwest portion tonight MISSOURI—Generally fair thliy afternoon and tonight; partly cloudy' Sunday; not much temperature hange. Maximum yesterday—69. Minimum thl» morning—40. Sunset today—6:50. Sunrise tomorrow—5:03. Moan temperature (midway between Igto *nd low—57 J. Precipitation Iwt M houit to 743 m. today—none. Precipitation Jan, 1 to date—M.M. This Date Last Ye*l> Maximum yesterday—68. Minimum this morning—il. Precipitation January 1 «

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