The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on October 22, 1890 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, October 22, 1890
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.522* THE REPUBLICAN, •TARlt ,fc ItA.t.T.Onit, t'nbnuhep*. At>GONA. IOWA. the house should be quiet 1 horird Mr. pale. "Whoro did you put the money?" Fisher go to his room* and hoard Kitty in the kitchen making ready for 1 bier morning work. I felt sorry for Kitty. In an hour the house appeared to be quiet, and I stole from my room. When PRICE OF AMERICAN WHEAT. DOBSON'S FORTUNE. Tftore Is no great, there Is no small, Among oreatcd things : The earth is but a thiy ball, Compared with Saturn's rings; And Saturn in the sun would be Xiiko a small island in tho sea, Wltlle )n the telesoopo u fly Seems a huge monster In the sky. fTho neighbors counted Dobaon rich, And happy as a king. They asked not MB opinion, which Was quite another thing. "Tis true, he «wned a house, a mill, Bomo railroad shares, a whisky still, A patent right or two;— but then, Think of the wealth of other men ! His shares went up, his whisky sold As 'twere tho wine of life. His factory was a mint of gold; Yet Dobson and his wife Felt poorer yet, anct still more poor, As treasures poured In more and more, For, as they rose, of course their view Of earthly treasures wider grew. "O happy man I" I said one morn. Then in tho minor key, With aspect mournful and forlorn, He thus complained to mo: "Sir, how can I be happy, when I look around on other men? Pray, how can happiness belong To me, when every thing goes wrong I •'There's always trouble at tho still, New trouble every day; Tho hands In my now woolen mill Have struck for higher pay. I know that rascal Higgins cooks His entries; I took home his books And puzzled on them all last night— I know I'm cheated loft and right. "At homo we're full of trouble, too; The cook's a frightful scold, The rolls are scorched, the cloth's askew, Tho coffee comes on cold. We have no comfort at our meals, •The coachman drinks, the butler steals, The children fret and hate their nurse, And wife is always ill— or worse." "But you're a wcaltny man, at least," To comfort him, I said. The sadness in his face increased,* And lower drooped his head: "I thought BO once; but I was fooled. Compared with Vanderbllt or Gould I am a pauper—yes, sir, poor As if I begged from door to door!" I left him and went on my way, And thus my musings ran t "I wonder which pf us to-day . Is the really richer mart. My dear ones' needs are all supplied, I have a little laid aside ; He has a million, more or less, His days -are days of wretchedness." There comes a crash. The lightnings play, The tempest howls and roves. Poor Dobson's riches float away Like flotsam on the waves, A year rolls by, and Dobson now With, cheery vigor guides the plow. The clouds have passed, the sky is blue, He's happy— and he's wealthy, too. —Edward Payson Jackson, in Youth's Companion. _ _ HIS CASE. How a Detective Found" the Iiost Money and a Wife. If you like detective stories I will tell you about my first case. I had just started on my own account when a farmer named Ross called on me and said that he had been robbed of six thousand dollars that he had received for the sale of some land the day before. He had tied the money in his handkerchief and then pinned it in his overcoat pocket. When he reached home ho carelessly hung his coat in the barn while ho did some work. When ho wenb to the house he found his neighbor, Mr. Usher, there. Then he unpinned tho pocket, and, finding the handkerchief all right, he told Mr. Fisher how careless he had been. The coat was locked in the dining-room closet, and tho key hid under the weekly paper on the mantel. Mr. Fisher Btaid for supper, and after the meal was loft alono in the dining-room for a few minutes. In the morning the key couldn't be found, and, upon breaking open the closet, the handkerchief was found in the pocket, but in place of the money was a portion of the weekly paper. Mr. Boss left me the handkerchief and piece of paper, and after being instructed to treat Mr. Fisher as usual, and to get the remainder of the weekly paper, he left me to my plans. They were soon matured. 1 had no family to tell of my expected absence, so I at once dressed as a farm laborer and appeared at Mr. Fisher's. 1 applied foi work, and as good luck would have it, I found Mr. Fisher in need of a man. "Steven has too much to do, as he drives the milk wagon now," said Mr. Fisher, "and I will try you with the horses." Steven, the hired man, didn't appear to like me very much, and was slow to talk to me. I had hoped to gain some information from him, but was disappointed, though I did learn from, him that Mr. Fisher was a widower with one child, his daughter Kitty, who taught school, and that bis elder bachelor brother Silas lived with him. I saw the family at supper that night;, Uncle Silas, as he was called, was an invalid, drawn into the shape of a bow with the rheumatism. He had but little to say, Mr. Fisher was a pleasant looking man, and not one to be suspected of robbery. Kitty was a bright, intelligent girl, with a very tired look. No wonder she looked tired, for besides teaching the school she did the house- cold work. I thought that too mu<jh was required of Iver, We all spent the first evening in the family sitting-room, }. (Charles Weston was my name then) was pretending to read a paper, while J was thinking and watching. Mr. Fisher was at bis desk looking over some papers. I was seized with a desire to look into that desk, and wistfully watched the key until it waa put into Mr. Fisher's vest pocket Unolo Silas sat in the corner counting his fingers as though they were money. Kitty read a few pages of history aloud. I had never heard so clear and ' I reached tho head of the stairs I looked below, and saw Uncle Silas with a ca»dlo descending to tho cellaiV I returned to my room and lay down to wait; bnt I fell asleep and did not awaken until four o'clock in thd morning. It was too late to visit Mr 5 . Fisher's desk, for I hoard Kitty moving in her room.' I then dressed and descended to tho kitchen, where I saw Kitty's preparation for making tho fire, I took the kindling and some newspaper and was about to place them in the stove when the title on the paper caught my eye. It was tho Weekly Eureka of the date of tho robbery of Mr. Ross. 1 put' It in my Docket. I then kindled the fire, emptied tho coal into it, and replenished the scuttle from tho barn. It was a long ways for Kitty to carry coal. 1 wont to a bench bosido tho houso and took tho torn paper that 1 had found in tho kitchen and the pieco that Mr. Ross had given to mo, and laid them together. They matched exactly. I held onfc end of a clow. I folded my evidence, and walked toward the barn. Onco I looked back, and saw Kitty at her window abovo the bench. I wondered if she had soen mo there. I know when I went to tho house for breakfast Kitty looked at me in a very strange manner. While at the table Mr. Fisher said that he was going to town with Steven in the milk wagon, a she had business at the bonk, and told me to repair the Ross line fence. "I wouldn't trust banks," said Uncle Silas. I was anxious to see Mr. Ross, so hurried to the line fence, and kept my eyes on the Ross side, hoping that he might appear. Now and then I glancod at the road to see if Kitty had started for her school. It was a long walk for Kitty. Soon I saw Mr. Ross and called him. "Did you find tho rest of the paper?" 1 asked. "No. It must have been burned," he answered. "But it is not," I said. Then I told him of my discovery, and showed him the pieces of paper. Just then the wind took one of them, and as I chased it I saw Kitty going along the road. "Fisher shall suffer for this," said Mr. Ross. "But, young .man, see that you have some witnesses besides yourself, for I don't want-to slip up." I promised to take care of that, and returned to my work. In the evening, when Mr. Fisher returned, I took the horses to the barn; but I didn't stop there; I went through the pasture, along the lane into a back road, and then toward the school-house. When a quarter of a mile from the building I met Kitty. "Did father send you for me?" she asked. "No," I answered, "but it is a long walk." '<• . "Thank you, Mr. Weston," she said. "Mr. Weston!" That name sounded strange. She had called me Charles before, like the rest. That evening, while the others were in the sitting-room, I went to the kitchen and made ready for the morning: I drew the water. The well was deep, and 1 had seen Kitty working very hard at the windlass. , When the rest of us went upstairs for the night, Uncle SiVas descended to the cellar. "I wish that uncle wouldn't drink so much," said Kitty, At midnight I went noiselessly to Mr. Fisher's room, opened tho unlocked door and soon had tho key to his desk. In another minute I was examining his private papers, but found none of the expected evidence until I opened his bank-book, and there, on the day after the robbery, $8,000 was entered as deposited in the bank. A sound startled me. I blew out my light and listened. Some one was in the cellar. I opened the door and crept down. There, by the lightofhis faintly- burning candle, I saw Uncle Silas with his hands full of gold pieces, counting them one by one, and laying them in an opening in tho wall, from which a stone had been removed. \ asked. He didn't answer, bnt rushed to the bttrn and up tho ladder* Soon be re"' turned, all of sv tremble, and said: "You have my monoy." "You lie!' 1 I answered. "It is Ml?. Ross' monoy." lie broke completely down and confessed that ho had gone to Mr. Ross 1 barn, and seeing his' overcoat with the pocket pinned, had taken tho money, and put tho paper in its place. lie didn't then know whoro the money was. I believed him. But whore was it? Uncle Silas did die that vory day. He had IcTt, a will that gave all of his es« tale to Kitty. "A will but no money,* said Mr. Fisher. "Poor brother! drink did it." Then tho secret of Uncle Silas' monoy was mine. Ho had never been a drunkard, but had always been a miser. After tho funeral Kitty came to mo with a package in her hand, and said: "Mr. Woston, or whatever your name is, do you think that I am blind? Do you suppose that I think you are a farm laborer? Don't you think that I know what tho matching pf the paper on tho bench meant? I feared that my father might have boon tempted, for he had to borrow a large sum of money at tho time Mr. Ross was robbed. I wanted to shield him and I watched you. I saw you watching uncle in the collar, and 1 took those things from your pockets. I saw you in tho haymow and I took the can of money. Now that 1 know Steven, who has run away, is the thief, here is what I took." Sho handed the things to me. .1 never was so abashed in my life. I stood silent before the girl who had read me from the beginning. I admired her more than ever. I was glad that she got Uncle Silas' $4,000 that wo found in tho cellar. I told Kitty that I was glad she had the money and I told her much more. The truth is that I didn't «nly find Mr. Ross' money for him, but I found a wife for myself, and I have always been glad of the termination of my first case.—Chicago News. tt l» Tlmt of /lily Otlier Conn- tfry-F.BiirrB That Pro*e tho SlfUcmant* -hf Itosrer q. nnf| s I'-nlsfi-Tho Wheat of Foreijjn CountrU's. M\Ve can and do raise wheat cheaper than any people on oarth. The last report of our foreign commorco shows that the export price of wheat in 1888 was $lil per bushel in India, $1.09 in the Argentine Republic, 97 cents in Australia, 1)5 cents in Russia and 90 cents in the United Status."— Roger Q. Mills, in Iowa. Roger Q. Mills tried to deceive the farmes of Iowa in tho above statement. He know that tho figures which he qubted did not give tho true comparson between prices of wheat in the countries named. Mr. Mills' figures arc based oil the statement of tho prices and quantities of exported wheat, which is found on pages 52 and r>3 of tho Annual Report on Foreign Commerce for 1889. For tho year quoted by him tho statement is as follows: Quantities and vnluea of domestic wheat exported from Russia in Knropo, British In<1 Hi, tho Austiul un Colonies, tlio Argentine Rcfjulilic and tho United States during tho o R£> Mm* ' 28 1 5' 1888.... c. tt O 51 B ' i^ IS88. . . . Itusala In Kurope. Uashcls. Dollars. lifl,lM.7^f. ! 119.'J:!t,4!)K Argentine lie public. Uushols. Dollars. 8,721.75) 9,5140(5 British India. KushrKllJOilars. United States. 15u9hel». Dollnrs. 49.5HI.9U) 41,151,853 SIMPLE JUSTICE. If Ton Owe a Debt, Large or Small, Pay It us Fast as You Can. Many persons in forming and in carrying out their ideas of justice fail to take account of the element of time. They intend to deal justly with every one, to withhold from no one his due, to fulfill every obligation and satisfy every claim; but they feel no special duty to hasten these acts of justice. If they are done eventually they are content, and think th#t others should be content also. The hours or days or wooks that may elapse between the claim and their fulfillment of it do not seera to them very important, if it is but ultimately discharged. They would not for the world evade a debt, but they will delay its payment without any compunction. They intend to throw all their influence on the side of the right, but whether to-day or to-morrow they have not decided. Now there are, of course, some cases where this may be unattended with any apparent evil results; there are others where more or less inconvenience ensues; and still others where all manner of suffering and loss is entailed. • Those who come close enough to the poorer classes to succeed in gaining their confidence, find that one prolific source of tho suffering they are trying to alleviate is the unpunctual payment of services rendered. Happily the people who deliberately cheat a workman or a workwoman out of his or her just earning are extremely few; but the number who put them off to a more convenient season is by no means small. Slight excuses, such as the trouble of preparing for it beforehand, of making change, or of breaking into some interesting occupation, will suffice to quiet whatever compunctions they may have in postponing a payment that is due. They can not see the disappointment, the weariness, the denial of comforts or necessities, the inability to pay a pressing creditor or to employ a needed phyoician, perhaps the sickness, suffering, ruin, and even, death, which may often follow their procrastination. Even where the results are less immediately disastrous they of ten. give rise to a series of o*- By dividing the value of the exports from each country by tho number of bushels tho average prices per bushel, as given by Mr. Mills, are obtained. But he knew that a comparison between these pi-ices would be preposterously misleading. We know that he knew this, because the Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, Mr. S. G. Brock, explicitly told him so, in the paragraph of the report immediately preceding the table, in these words: "The values shown must not be taken as an accurate standard of comparison, owing to the diversity of and fluctuations in the value of the currencies of the various countries." This injunction had no effect upon the evangelically inclined statesman. He used the figures, without a single qualification, to persuade Western farmers that they are raising the cheapest .wheat in the world. But this is not the full extent of his guilt He must have known that American wheat is the highest priced wheat that enters the English market, and he certainly knew that the price in that market is the only true standard of comparison between the prices of wheat from the different countries. We know that he knew this from his own words in the same speech when he said: "Every producer must pay all charg%s incurred in reaching market, and then sell at the market price." The London Economist of January 11, 1890, gave the values and quantities of wheat imported into the United Kingdom during 1889, from different countries as follows: \ Quantity. \ Cwts. From Russia 21,321,623 From United Slates 17.016.250 British Indies 9,217,322 The figures for the Argentine Republic are not (liven separately. This table shows the ajvorage price per cwt., in the United Kizlgdom, of Kussian wheat to have been Sjl.83; of Indian wheat $L80, and of American wheat SI. 95. These figures not pnly show the dishonesty of Hon. Roger D. Mills, but they also indicate the vital importance to our farmers of pqssessint a home market which will be safe fromjlhe invasion of these cheap foreign cereals. not to insui'u a continuance of its efforts in every way which sha 1 appear eligible." YVashington was never interested in manufactures, but was a farmer, as wns Jefferson, who, in bis second annual message, familiar to every -jne, speaks of tho protection of the manufactories as one of the landmarks by which we ought to guide ourselves, and insists upon the necessity of continuing this as tho rule of our action to insure our National prosperity. Presidents Madison and Monroo also clearly saw tho necessity of protecting, preserving and promoting our manti- lacturos, and so expressed themselves in various messages to Congress. In bis seventh annual message Mr. Madison said: In adjusting tlio duty on irnrorts to tho object of revenue, tho Influence of tlie tariff OM inamifuctur s will nccrssnrlly present Its Alt for consideration. However w so tha theory tiny be whit-li leaves to tin sagnciiy and Interest of Individuals tho application ot their Industry and resowrct'S, there arc (n this, 119 In nil otht>r cases, cxuoptlons to tho ucnurnl rtilo. Besides the condition which (lie tljcnry Itself frnpUof, o£ a reclp- rrciil ud pliunbyolh r nutloriB, experience teachos thnt so mnny circumstances must concur In Introducing and inaturl g manufacturing ( stnblifhnients, especial,y of the more comp icutod kinds, that n country may li ng remain witliouc them, although sufiici- ently advanced, and iu sorno res, eels peculiarly litl'ud for carryl iff them on with 8I1CC06S. In solectlrg the branches moro especially entitled . o public patronnge a preferunce Is obviously claimed by such as wilt relieve the Unitud f tat^ii from n dependence on foreign supplies, even suijjcet to casual failures, for articles necessary for the pnb.Io defense, or connected with tho primary want.-) of individuals. It will bo an nddl- tlonal recommendation f >r particular manufactures when tho innterlals for them are extensively drawn from our agriculture, and consequent.y Imparts and Insures to that great fund oi National prosperity and Inda- pendonce an encouragement which can not .fail to be rowardoJ. Mr. Alexander J. Dallas, the able Secretary of the Treasury, supplemented Mr. Madison's message with a special report (drawn up in obedience to a requirement of the House), embodying the draft of a tariff contemplating both revenue and protection, and earnestly commending the policy of protection. The following paragraph of that report bears directly upon many points now under discussion: Although s; me indulgence will always be required for any attempt so to realize tho National independence in the department of manufactures, the sacrifice can not be cither great or lusting, The Inconveniences of tho day will be amply compensated by future advantages. The agriculturist, whose produce and whosi flocks depend for their value upon the fluctuations of a foreign market, will have-no occasion eventually to regret tho opportunity of a ready sale for his wool or his cotton in his own neighborhood; and it will soon bo understood that tile success of the American manufacturer, which tends to diminish the profit (often the excessive prcflt) of tho Importer, does not necessarily add to the price of the article in the hands of the consumer. IOWA HTATE NEWS. *063 4.481 *1,838 3,174 *J>,llt> »8O *1,<Xff ' CENSUS STATISTICS. Popnlnlion of tho Klrst Jo«ri> Digtrlot toy' Coiintlun. The following are the figures frotd the Census Bureau for the First district by counties: COUNTIES. P<tp* " Cedar .............................. 18,2r3 Clinton ............................. 41,184 Davis ............... ............... 16.S30 DesMoines ........... ............ B.VJT3 Henry ............................. IH.HTO Town- ............................... JS.B81 Jackson ........................... 22,::H Jasper .............. . .............. 3-J.8H7 .IcIIerson .......................... 15,079 Johnson ........................... Bi,(Wi Jones ..... . ........................ 'JO.fSSa KcoK-uk ........................... B.'(,«;X) Lee .............................. 37.7IW Louisa ............................. 11,857 Mahaslta ........................... 88.7»3 Mu&eatins .......................... 2M1* Powesheik ......................... 18,3-B Scott ..................... , ......... <U'1;2 Van Buren ......................... 16,313 Wtipollo .......................... :»,410 Washington ....................... 1M.453 Figures preceded by a * show a decrease. The total population for tho district is 504,343. In 1880 the population was 499.692. Increase, 4,021 or 0.93 per cent. «3,7"4 790 2.M3 8,813 *l,2r& 3.6SO 1,308 551) 1,SO» *800 5,13t 1,981 Must Accommodate The Railroad Commissioners have decided that when freight trains carry passengers they must stop at station platforms for the convenience of the latter. This had not been done, the roads specifying to passengers that, in consideration of being permitted to ride upon the freight, they do not insist upon being landed at tho platform. It was expected that passengers would be excluded from a number of freights that now carry them. Tho case in question was that of E. H. McGuiro vs. the Rock Island road. Desperate Act of a Rejected Lover. August Schultz, a prominent young farmer of Franklin township, went to the home o! his sweetheart, Lucy Boegeman, and asked her tomarry him. She refused, and he shot her in tne breast and instantly blew his own brains out. Hopes were entertained for the young lady's recovery. The young man for some time had been madly in love, but his affection was not reciprocated. Jovrn Detectives' Association. The Iowa Detectives' Association, an organization of farmers for the suppression of thieving, held a two days' session in Des Moines. The association has 3,000 members. Tho following officers were elected: W. N. Goodson of Vanmeter, Grand President; E. V. Hennen of Earlham. Grand Vice-President; B. F. Biddeti of Des Moines, Grand Secretary, and J. S. Carson of Woodburn, Assistant Grand Secretary. Value. £8.004,438 G,8j2,'iH8 3,404,940 I hoard a step behind me, and saw the fenses> , He w ^° *f lla to CQlleot Ms dues cellar-door move. I ascended, and saw no one, I went to my room, and found Steven apparently sleeping. I stepped on my coat. It was lying on the floor and I knew that I had left it on a chair. 1 examined the pockets, and found that Mr. Ross' handkerchief and the pieces of paper were gone. Who had taken them? I looked at Steven. Was he really asleep' The next morning Uncle Silas was very sick, and Mr. Fisher went for the doctor. 1 watched Steven closely all day. It was Saturday, and Kitty did not go to school; but she had no rest. I could see that Steven was restless, and not for a moment did I lose track of him. Toward evening J saw him go into the haymow, and I followed. 1 stood on the ladder, and, looking above the hay, I saw him put something under the eaves, I descended,and after he had gone to tho house I .retraced my steps and went to the eaves, where I had seen him. There was a tin can. I expected to find the lost evidence in it; but instead of containing the handkerchief and pieces of paper, it was full of paper money. The stolen money. I thought of What Mr. Ross had said about another witness, and, returning the can to its place, I descended th^ ladder. Kitty was on the lower floor hunting for eggs, and apparently didn't see mo. As I went out of the door I saw the doctor just leaving the bouse and ran after him. "Uncle Silas will die," be said. I made no answer tp that, hut took him into my confidence, and explained the entire case to him, and told what J wanted of him- He went with me to the haymow, and the eai$ of weney not there. ' f! -\- ' "A strange mistake .for a aai 1-1 it. - J A .4.«. _« VV.lKVA.fUl frequently fails in conoequence to pay his debts, and thus a whole series of unpaid workers may trace back their various troubles to a single delinquent. Such people will say that in the end they will pay all they owe, but this is not so, for they owe promptness. With; out this, justice has not been rendered. Tardy .payment can never atone for the injury which may have been inflicted. No regret, no apology, no added interest, even, can ever undo what has been done, or restore what by this negligence and indifference has been taken away. Though, it ia true that such results may nob follow, it is certain that they often do, and we are never sure that they will not. Often those who press tbe least for their just dues need them the most, and we can not foresee tbe consequences of delay.—-Philadelphia. Ledger. Courtesy in Buginegi. A successful business man thus ex-> presses himself regarding buaineaa oourtesys and emphasises a truth which some people forget or ignore, to their own injury: "I make it a point toreply to every communication ot a business nature addressed to me, It doesn't matter what it is about, provided:, only that it is couched in civil language. I do ibis because courtesy requires that I should; but aside from that 1 find also that it ia good policy. Time and again in ray life I have been reminded by newly secured customers that I was remembered through correspondence openei} w}th me years before, and ' many orders' come through this pjissii and acquaintance wi ¥ b. hand I business men who$e d, ADVOCATES OF PROTECTION. The Arguments of Years Ago—What Our Forefather.^ Thought nnd Said—The Interests of t Alike— Was, oil 1'rotecti We find t protection, a nients for f can people c domned as u a groat man knowledge 1 ster, in his ie Farmer and Manufacturer iugton, Madison un«l Monroe n. >-day, in the struggle for reproduction of the argu- ee trade which the Ameri- sbated, considered and con- nsound years ago. It takes like Daniel Webster to ac- lat he is wrong. Mr. Web- peech against the tariff of M bedtime Steven a»4 1824, madeias strong an argument.for free trade as can be urged to-day. This, however, did not defeat the passage of the bill, and, as the result of mature deliberation, Mr. Webster became a leading champion o£ the protective tariff system. The first great question, pending the adoption of any National fiscal policy, isl How shall we most surely and fully develop the entire industrial capacity of the people. Having adopted such a policy, stick to it and don't try experiments, unless by comparison with some other country, which has a different fiscal policy, it can be proved , that. the entire industrial capacity qt that; people is more fully developed a,nd employed and the people more prosper pus, better remunerated for labor, and that nation more prosperous. Any ftsoaA policy : ;which brings to bear disastrously upon young manufactures the fatal competition of their older and far stronger rivals, located in lands where those n^inufactures have langago been los^ed,, ji^d where they have attained, through ages pf prosperous growth, a, rip9 ?and hardy maturity, is absurdly 8h,p,rtraighted. The great mipds who framed, advocated and sfleured. the adoption of the Federal constitution were not manufftot- urers, npp t interested in manufactures, and they $4?a nearly unanimous in «w? mending,tyje, fostering of home manur faoture,s, fey, discriminating protective duties, o&.^ljeir foreign rivals.,' 'They; very cp,rrec$ly believod that by this measure they were helping tbe American farmerijy ijoaating larger, ueaveri sjea.d-' ier and better markets for' their product£. . .eAYa^ingt-Qn. -W his, A Bit of Tariff History. We extract the following from a letter to the Cleveland Leader and Herald of July 1, 1888: Dear Sir: Tho pasaago of the Tariff act of 18^8 was particularly odious to South Carolina and other States in tho South, which kept up a constant agitation against It, threatening nullification and civil war If it was not repealed. This threatening attitude of South Carolina alarmed some ot (lie friends of pro ec- tion and led to the postage of the Tariff act of March 2,1833, which was a compromise measure of Henry Clay's. It provid d for a "biennial reduction of duties on all foreign Imports which shall exceed HO per cent on the value thereof of one-tenth of such excess up to the 31st of December, 184J, when the residue of such cxjsa shou.d be deducted." ** * * * * * In 1840 all prices had ruinously fallen; production had KTO itlv diminished, and in many departments had practically ceased; thousands of workmen were idle, with no h'^pe of employment, and their families suffering from want. Our farmers were without markets; their products rotted in their barns, and their lands, teeming with rich harvests, were sold by tho sheriff lor debts and taxes. Tho tariff which robbed our industries of protection failed to supply the Governiiv.-nt with its necessary revenue. * * * * * * The sheriff of Mushlngum County, as stated by theGuernsoy Times In the summer of 1842, sold at auction one four-hor.se wai-on at $5.50, ten hogs at GVi cents each, two horses (said to bo worth from $50 to $75 ouch) at $2 each, two 01 wa at $1 each, a barrel of sugar lor $1.50, and a store of goods at that rate-. In Plko County, Mo., as stated by th« Han- nibnl Journal, tho sheriff sold 3 hcusus ut $1.50 each, 1 large ox at 12W cents, 5 cows, 2 stei rs and 1 calf, th« lot at $3.25; 20 sheep at ISVi cents each, und 24 hog*, the lot ut 25 cents. H<nry Clay, Jn speaking of the disaster, says: -'There were few that could save themselves. Property of every d-'scription was patted with ut satritioes that were astonish Lily Kostomlatnky, Lawyer. At Des Moines a class of twenty-four was admitted to the bar by the Supreme Court, among them being one young lady. Miss Lily Kostomlatsky, who passed a remarkably good examination. Miss Kostomlatsky studied law in the office of State Senator J. J. Mosnat, of Bolleplaine. She is the second woman to be admitted by the Supreme Cpu'rt and will at once begin practice. Destitute Farmers. The farmers living in Horton township, Oscepla County, who suffered the destruction of their crops and property by a heavy hail-storm last spring, are destitute of food, fuel and the necessaries of life. The county has remitted their taxes, but they are still in need of assistance. According to a letter received by Governor Boies there are twenty-five families in want. Death of an Old Veteran. Captain Peter Poster, the oldest member of the Grand Army of the Republic in the United States, died at Mount Pleasant the other night. He was 96 years of ago and fought in the war of 1812, the Mexican war and the civil war. His funeral was under the auspices Qf the Grand Army. History Receives a Blow. In a recent teachers' examination in Mahaska County a girl graduate startled the examiners and struck history a savage blow below the belt by asserting that "Ethan Allen was one of the leading Generals in the late war and that Valley Forge was one of the principal battles in the same war." News in Jinor. The location of a plow works plant at Grinnell is an assured fact. Rev. W. A. Chambers, one of the old- J,t"VWO V14UW 1Tl>*U flO W*4 «S1»»- f __ _ ing. and a? for tho cuirency, there was I est active pastors of the Uppej- Iowa scarcely a : uy left. . • . . . ' " ..-.-.. . ~ * * *. * * * New Washington. Ohio. IS. K. WILLIAMS. put $y tho the people required that ftould fee promo ted.'and annual < message J-said: and not witb- direoted its attention $p in»ent of maniM^Bias, M tea «»M* . IVHut FollowK Free Trade. The London Times, not Jong since, stated that, out of her 36.000,000 of people, "the number of the really comfortable in Britain can not, by possibility, exceed 70,000 (only $ per coni), while it may be very little more than half that number." The Cambr an : News reported that "the habitations of the workingmeii are altogether unfit for habitation"— that "a man, woman and grown-up daughter, a cow, heifer and nine fowls occupied one room, which bad no fireplace, no window and no light or ventilation except through the door. " The London Telegram, speaking pf the condition of the working classes, said: '!They are ignorant of every thing but work." : Lord Rpseberry, at a meeting of the Social Soionpe congress, said: "English treat* ment of English laborers is hut little removed from barbarism." Consul Branscomb, describing the condition of the operatives of Manchester, said? ^They.are squalid, wreijched and late^" §uph .citations migh,t be indefinitely, but thq&e wiljL Show spipe- thing of the condition necessary with Bjfi t^slj laborers, in order that British .capital ma v "overwhelm aft foreig^i competition^' A. 1'ertlneut lugcrlptlou. . The following inscription ison a. table now' owned by Mr. F. P. ' Avaold, of ' The ' inscription has its nettiaency: ' • ,'••• ,,! . ,.. t' conference, died at his home at Garner. Jones, the Iowa weather prophet*; predicts a long, cold, snowy winter, 1 starting in early and continuing late, J. P. Morris, 50 years of age, was killed by a fall ot slate in the Excelsior • mine at Oskaloosa. James Gay lord, a ''Q" switchman, was killed while switching oars in the yards at Ottumwa. Both legs were cut off and he died in a couple of honrs, Brakeman Grant, of the Rock Island road, was killed at Ottumwa. Grant lost his balance and was crushed instantly by the caboose. M. Cohen, wholesale dealer in dry goods, jewelry and general merchandise in Des Moines, baa failed. Liabilities, $15,000; assets, $15,000. The National Panic of Sioux City bat' been authorized to commence business. The coal palace at Ottumwa closed a few evenings ago. The receipts much more than paid expenses. A sensation was created at Keokuk the other night when Thomas MarshalJ/j a deputy sheriff, was caught " ing a house and attempted to kill tho pffjcer who arrested him. Tee Sioux City corn palace carnival plpsed the,,ott»er njgbt. The attend*. ance wa? much Urge* than on any pre- yipus year, The annual meeting p{ the Butter, Cheean .and %f ( will be held at Fort Podge her B, « and 7. Reduced r%te» will £iv,e» by all railroads. th«

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