Pittsburgh Dispatch from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on August 9, 1891 · Page 15
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Pittsburgh Dispatch from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 15

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Sunday, August 9, 1891
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ijJiWiB;Vkg;jaLgtjffly-ri3i VT EHIHD IN THE NEWS. Mexican People Don't Object if Their Newspapers Are Days Out of Date. EDITOES OFTEN IN JAIL. Book Stores Filled With Rare Volumes of Great Value. Old CULTURE OF THE SISTER REPUBLIC. The Theaters Are Well Managed and Patronized by the Best Classes. ODD SYSTEMS OF STAGE MANAGEMENT IconKisrosiExrn or Tin DisrATcn.3 Mexico Cur, Aug. B. EKE'S your daily paper of to-morrowl This is the cry I hear at 5 o'clock every afternoon in the streets of Mexico City. Dozens of newsboys are crying It. Bagged, dirty little fellows, they look out under big hats and stick cheaply printed newspapers under your nose while thev yell out A Xanboy. in Spanish the names of their papers and say that they contain all the news of to-morrow. In the morning they will cry the same papers as just from the press, and pretend that they contain all the news of the day. Mexican daily newspapers are always printed the afternoon before the date of publication. The editors and reporters are too lazy jo think of night -work, and they Lave no idea of the value of news. .Telegrams are just as likely to be printed three dsvs after reception or to be thrown out entirely a to be used at once, and a prosy three-column editorial often crowds out a big accident or good news matter. don't know what a SCOOP IS.' The Mexican reporters do not know what the wo.d s-coop means, and many of them will not take telegrams, because thej say they hay e not the room for them. Nevertheless there are 29 dailies in Mexico City. The most of these are subsidized by the Government All have small circulation, and the biggest journal of the Mexican Bepublic runs out only about 5.000 copis daily. This is El Monitor HqniUkano, which is the great Independent daily of Mexico City, which contains about 300,000 people, and which is bigger than Piltbiirg I don't know the circulation of Tni: Disr vrcn, but it must be at Icist ten time as great as this, and it prints more teli grams in one day than the Monitor Ecpitblicano does in a j ear. Still the Monitor HcpvUicano pays 540,000 a year, and it i the bet newspaper property iu Mexico. It gets no subsidy from the Government, and it is supported by the Conservative party It is one of the most independent of journals in its advertising mehods. It will not take mi advertisement for any fixed time, but only for as long as it is com iiient to publish it, and it will not inaitp any reduction in price for a number o-f insertions. It has four pages, and sells for C cents a copy. UHTORS OFTEN GET INTO JAIL. The editor of the Republicans is now and then too decided in his criticisms of the Government, and like all other editors in Mexico he suddenly finds himself arrested and ehen a fc. months or a vear imprisonment, m the penitentiary. There is practi-callj no freedom of the press in Mexico. The editor of a newspaper who is obliged to eig.i his name to his matter never feels certain as to whether he will not be taken to Belem, which is the name of the Mexican penitentiary. There ii in tact a corridor in this prison which is devoted to news-par-er editors and w hich goes by the name of newspaper row. The most of the articles in a Mexican 1 a--i Mm In the 1'laza. newspaper are signed and the paper has to print in ewry issue the name of a man who Is responsible for thoe which are not signed, and in case of trouble as to the unsigned articles this man goes to prison. In some of the newspaper offices here the attaches assume this responsibility turn about. The El 1imjw or the Timet is the organ of the church party and it often denounces the Government. Its edit-irs are frequently Imprisoned, but it makes about 510,000 a year and it considers itself doing well. SUPPORTED Br PRESIDENT DIAZ. The leading govemmn paper is the El TJmttrml. This Is subsidized by the government, and it gets 1,000 a month from President Diaz. The editor has also been made a Senator; and he gets a Senator's salary. The Universal has about 15 editors to every one reporter, and this is the proportion in most of the offices. The editorial are chiefly essays. The Mexicans do not know what the racv paragraph means. The first page of every Mexican newspaper is de-Toted to lone; winded critiques and commentaries on current events or ancient history, and the onl lie papers tint the citv has arc two dailies published n English", and patronized by the English shaking people of Mexico. One of these is Tit Tuv HcpuUtcs, which was established about25 years ago, and which makes about $10,000 a year. Its editor is Mr. Mastella Clark, aud"its business manager is Mr. biduey Guy Sea, one of the brighest newspaper men of the United States, who was lorccd to go to Mexico for hU health. Mr. Sea was getting $10,000 a vear from the Chicago Iferaid when he had a hemorrhage of tne lungs, and the doctors sent him to Mexico to die. He rapidly recovered under the pure air of the Mexican plateau, and he is making the Two Jtepublia v. vcrj valuable piopcrty. The other En- flish poiier is known as "the Anglo-American. t has been only lately established, but it is last increasing in circulation and influence. REPORTERS DO NOT GET RICH. All kinds of newspaper work in Mexico axe poorly paid. Editors get from $10 to $25 a week in money, which is only from $7 00 to $18 a week in American money. The essay editors get the highest salaries. As to telegraphic news the papers seem to think"hothiiiK of quoting irom their cotem-poraries' telegrams which have been u-ed a day or two before, and an event tluee months old will be put in with as much assurance as though it had just happened. Time, in fact, is of no impoitance in any aflair of Mexican Hie, and neither the people nor the editors seem to care as to whether the matter is new or old. I found in newspapers In everyone of the big cities of Mexico I visited, and there is no perfecting press In all Mexico. The presses in use are of the old French style made after patterns which have long since been abolished. The amount paid for telegraphic service in Mexico City ranges from 54 to $25 per week per newspaper, and only the leading newspapers pay anything for telegrams. In contrast to this I know some American newspapers, not in New York either, which pay 56.000 per week each for their telegrams. As to newspaper correspondents these aro paid by getting a copy of the paper free, and the papers throughout are run on economical ground. THE PRICES rOR TYPESETTING, The printers get from 28 to 35 cents per thousand ems and a good foreman receives a salary of 520 per week. Suoh printers as are on salaries get from $6 to 512 per week, and all of these sums are in Mexican money which is worth only 75 cents to the dollar. There seems to be a eood chance in Mexico for the establishment of paperfactorics. All kinds of stationery are very expensive and ordinary printing paper is made and sold here at From 13 to 16 cents a pound. The same quality of paper is sold in the United States at from 3 to 4 cents a pound, but tho duties are so great and the freights so heavy that little is to be saved by importing it, it costs at Jeast lz cents a pound to bring paper from the United States to Mexico City and this sum must be paid for consular fees at the port of shipment, custom house lees oi many Kinds and there is a duty of 5 cents a pound in addition to the freights and fines. The Mexican Government makes almost as much off of its fines as from its dunes. The least error in a consular invoice or a merchant's statement brings forth a heavy fine and this is the case even whero. the mistaKe is in lavor of the Government and against the importer. giving importers the double' cross. If, for instance you should import 35 pounds of paper and in your invoice the amount should be put down as 40 pounds, making you pay a tax on more than you have, the Customs House officials would fine you, and when it is remembered that this system extends to every class of shipments it is no wonder that Mexico gets $35,000,000 a year out of its Custom Houses. It is from the heavy duties and from these numerous fines that the grea.1 profit on home manufacture arises in Mexico. Everything here is protected to such an extent as to almost prohibit competition and there is no better held in the world for manufacturing enterprises. Such as have been established are making money and there is plenty of room lor more. In another letter I will discuss the question more at length and will show how a number of smart Americans are already in the field and are already making fortunes. One ot tne brighest Americans in the country, by the wny, is Mr. Fred B. Guernsey, the editor of the Financier, a weekly-financial paper which has become the business authority of the country, and which has made Mr. Guernsey and his partners a fortune within the past half dozen years. It is a bright, reliable, progressive journal, published Doth in Spanish and in English, and is thoroughly independent. , GETTING RICH VERY RAPIDLY. Its editor came down here at the time the Mexican Central Bailroad was opened a few years ago as the correspondent of the. Boston Herald. He "liked the outlook and concluded to stay. He is now a partner in one of the largest mercantile firms in Mexico, that of Seegur, Guernsey & Co., and he is said to have made several hundred thousand dollars within a decade. He is popular with President Diaz and the Mexicans, and he tells rue he likes the country and intends to spend his life" in it. His paper is the oulv one of the kind in Mexico and it is undoubtedly doing the country good. As to the other weekly papers there is amining journal, a humorous sheet or so, and there is a paper which circulates almost entirely among the lawyers. As to the outside paper.1 1 see more French journals than Spanish ones on the tables of the reading room; in the clubs and Mexico reads more French than English, The bookstores, of which there are many, are filled w ith French books in fine bindings, and the cheap novels of the day are Frenca ones. Mexico" city is perhaps the best place in the world for the purchase of antique books, and the secondhand book store contain hundreds of old volumes bound in vellum and musty with the age of hundreds of j ears. A PARADISE rOR BOOK rANCIERS. I bought a rare old volume which was printed in the jear 1503 lor tl. It was a Latin book, beautifully printed and illustrated, and it would bring a high price at any antiquarian, iu America. 1 found it in a book stall under the long arcades that run around the plaza in Mexico Citj, and the dark-faced book peddlei asked nie 510 for it. I pulled out a bnght, new- Mexican dollar and held it up belore his eyes, ile at first scorned it, but as I started to'put it back into my pocket he handed me the book and held out his hand for the oollar. You find all kinds of old and rare volumes here. Two-thirds of the wealth of the whole country belonged to the priests at the time that their property was confiscated some yearsagoby the Government. They had vast libraries in their monasteries, and their convents were filled with old books. Since then a great many of these have been sold and stolen, and you find them in every language, and some of them date back o"f the invention of printing and were made by the monks of the Middle Ages with the pen. IX THE NATIONAL LIBRARY. I visited the National Library of Mexico. It is iu the big church of San Augustin, which was confiscated and devoted to this purpose, and it contains nearly 200,000 volumes, or about one-third as many as our National Librarv at Washington. Thp Vails of the church have been lined with shelves, and its naves and its chapels are fiUid with books. I walked through long aisles of old volumes bound in ellum, and no one of which, I was told, was less than 100 years old, and, I saw that there were hundreds ot men and boys sitting at the tables in the reading room poring over books and making notes irom them. Some of these were school boys, others were student of the many colleges of the capital and others, I was told, bclouged to the .Mexican uongres: and were getting up speeches which they would 60on spout in the Senate and House. Mexieo City is, in fact, a far more cultivated capital than is generally supposed. You may have as good schools here as anywhere. There are colleges, lor women and men. There is a great national museum a fine art gallery, which contains a number'of theold jnasters, and the people have their social clubs and their literary societies. ' MEXICAN AUTHORS AND MUSICIANS. Mexico has its poets, and while I have been here its poet laureate recited a patriotic poem at a public celebration. It has its novelists and its historians, and nowhere in the world will you find a more general love for music among all classes of the people. Every Mexican city has its plaza, or central park, containing flowers, trees, seats and a band stand, aud several times a week the Government and other bands give here free open-air concerts. In Mexico City every Sunday mornin" vou may hear delicious music by one of the best bands of the world in the PJaza Mayor. From 12 o'clock to 1 the whole citv turns out and takes a promenade in the Alameda, another great park, and here also an excel- Between Ihe Acts. THE lent band plays at this time. In the evening there is more music in the plaza, and this great square U filled with men, women and children of all ages and costumes. There are hundreds of peons who move about under big hats, with bright' blanket thrown around their shoulders over their cotton suits. Their dark-iaoed wives, in red skirts and white waists, with only their eyes showing out of the blue or black rebosas which they have drawn around their heads, walk by their sides, and half-naked little children trot alonr in bare feet and with bare heads beside them. THE JIBS' CARRY THB BABIES. Many of the women have babies wrapped up in their shawls or slung upon their bacKS, and in many cases the men carry the babies. Here a couple of lovers go hand in hand or with the arm of the man around the waist of the sweetheart or wife, and all listen to, we music and criticise and enjoy it. mere are also the rich in the plaza. Men and women as well dressed as you will see them in New York, and not a few Spanish maidens are walking slowly along dressed in black with black shawls on their pretty heads and their great soulful eyes peeping ont all the more strikingly from this aomber background. These maidens are always accompanied by their nurses or mothers, who act as their chaperones to ward off the attentions of the gay youth of the capital. The order in such a crowd is something wonderful. Mexico is a much better regulated city than New York, and there is no brawling or noise. The theaters of Mexico are excellent. The first ston't theater built in America was erected in the western part of this conn- 'trr- and you find fair theaters in all the Mexican cities. Mexico has three theaters, which range in seating capacity from 2,000 to 3,000, and you are sure of finding at least one good troupe playing. I HEARD EMMA JUCH in the Teatro Xacional, and the audience was as fine as any you will see in the Metropolitan Opera House in New York. The cream of the Spanish nobility of Mexico was present, and there were hundreds of finely dressed men and women in the boxes. There were many pretty girls, some of them Indians, some Spanishsome Mexicans, and not a few American and English. The theater was walled with boxes and all the ladies were in full dress. The pit was given up to the men who kept their bats on until the play began and who smoked between the acts. At the close of each scene all of these men rose, clapped their opera glasses to their eyes and stared at the ladies in the boxes, a.id there was a great deal of bowing back and forth. There was considerable visitinc in the boxes between the acts, and I am told that the Mexicans perform many of their social obligations at the theater. Another night I went to' the Teatro Principal, which is nearly as large as the Nacionah This theater was founded in the seventeenth century by two monks, and when it was burned in 1722 it was looked upon as a judgment of God for the sacrilege of the Church trying to raise money in this way. The monk's, however, rebuilt it and it is now one of the leading theaters of the city. CAN PAY BY TUB ACT. It is managed difierentlv from our thea- atcrs and you can go in and sit for an act aud pay for thatact oniv. I listened to 23c worth of "Traviata" in the pit aud I might have -had an act in a box lor about 10 cents more. I was amused at the way the man in the box office kept track of the seats sold. He had a diacram of the theater, in which little holes were punched for each seat These holes were just like those of a cribbage board, and into each of them was stuck a little roll of green paper, which contained the number ot the seat, and when I picked out my place ho handed me one of these green rolls, which formed my check for my seat. Mexico has first-class variety theaters, and it has a circus which runs every day of the week and nearly all day Sunday, and which is operated by "a coupleof Americans. All told, the town is as well off for amusements as any capital of its size in the world, and its standard of culture is improving from year to year. Frank G. Carpenter. AFHICAN PIGMIEa How the Discovery of One of Them Furnished Food for Stanley. C J. Glahe lu August St. Nicholas. During the very hungriest time spent by Stanley's expedition in going through the' dense forest it happened that the discovery ot a littl; child of the dwarf tribe proved truly pnnidcutia'. Upon approaching one of the settlements of these people, the natives, fearing that the Arabs were upon them, hastily retreated to the depths of the jungle, leaving in tne Milage one ot the young children. He was an ungainly little creature, and from Saleh's description had an enormously big head, protruding lower jaw, lean frame and ungainly fat body. Tho Zanzibaris sat about in dejected groups, complaining of their present hard existence, and the sad contrast of to-day with their joyous life in their island home away in the Indian Ocean. The little Teki-Teki (pigmy), although not more than 3 jears old, was busily searching for somothiug in the dry leaves. The Zanaibaris were attracted by the child's activity. Presently the 6parkle of his eyes and the increased earnestness of his hunt showed that he had been successful; and, indeed, he returned to the camp-fire carrying a lot of pods like enormous beans. These he scraped to a fine powder, which he damped rolled in some big leaves, and then toasted in the ashes. "When cooked to his satisfaction he opened the dainty package and the whole camp became filled with the pleasant odor of this new dish. The men of the expedition then closed arourd and, much to the young Tcki-Teki's distrust. helped themselves to a tasting pinch. The Zanzibaris knew the tree quite well; it was the "makneme." This new discovery brought a gleam of hope to the hearts of these hunirrv beincs. The capture of tho tiny woodsman was a godsend, and Baleh said that had this unhappy little creature but fairly understood their language he would have been overwhelmed with the heartfelt blessings showered on him. A few dayj afterward another tribe of these same small people was met, and the child was handed over to them to be returned to his parents. THE SCHOOLEO0KS OF CHILE. Pupils Aro Under Strict Surveillance lr Night and by Day. The schoolrooms ot Chile are curiosities. A row of benches extends entirely around the outside of each room, where the young gentlemen sit during recitation hours, the teacher occupying a slightly elevated seat in the center. The blackboards are outside in the corridor, apparently reserved for Slaythings. and maps, charts, globes and ictionanes are all kept under lock and key. Extending along one side of each patio are apartments devoted to sleeping purposes, 40 .beds occupying one dormitory. The boys 'are under strictest surveillance bv nicht as I by day, and erch sleeping room has its 1 "watch" a stern professor on guard in an onte-cnamDer, wnose Deu, is placed so that he can overlook every movement in the dormitory. Under these circumstances there is a pitiable dearth of ""larks" in these model institutions. 1 uwrv i rrk.f Ti i If Ci jSsriJ V ll VLi WW I Held Up a Ddllat. PITTSBURG DISPATCH, HUB OF THE liKMffi. Fate Field Writes a Large Sized Boom for the Capital City. DESCRIPTIONS OP ITS DELIGHTS. What Private Enterprise and Puolio Institutions Are Doing.,. AN IOTELLECTUAL AND ART CENTER COBRXSFOXCKXCX Or TUB DISPATCH. "Washington, Aug. 8. I am not among . those who protest because millions of dollars are spent annually in Europe by Americans. That money is expended largely in cultivating eye, ear and taste. Travel means'expansion. It ii the traveled American who returns with clarified vision to ask for the same beauty, the same art, the same comfort, the same educational advantages at home as can be found abroad; it is because I have traveled that I appreciate "Washington, have made it my residence. Eighteen months ago when I determined' to set up my household goods in the Capital New Yorkers and Bostonians sneered. They talked about a "village," "only fit for habitation during the Congressional sessions." Those critics had no comprehension of what they were talking about A few, having recently condescended to come here to scoff, have returned to praise. Not a little of this change of opinion is due to foreign influence. As New York and Boston are idiotically Anglomaniacal, an English ver dict carries great weight. JNo .European has visited "Washington within five years who has not preferred it to all other American towns. "WHAT STANLEY PAID ABOUT IT. Said Henry M. Stanley, just before sailing home: "I share your enthusiasm regarding the capital of the "United States. It is magnificent. It is a treat to go through its noble avenues and note how Government and citizens are doing their best to carry out the designs of the genius who laid out "Washington. Even now it is unique. Soon it will be the show of America; and as Americans now go to Europe to see" its objects of interest, so Europeans will cross the Atlantic to visit your capital." I predict that within ten years "Washington will be the social and intellectual as well as the political center of the United States, and that even in summer the District of Columbia and the adjacent hills of Maryland and Virginia will harbor more people worth knowing than any watering place in the world. It government be the grandest of all sciences, the greater should include the less; the best of art and of society should be attracted as naturally to the hub of the nation as steel filings are attracted to a magnet. It is manifest destiny. THE CAPITALS OF EUROPE. Look at Europe to-day. London, Paris, Borne, Vienna, Berlin, Madrid, St Petersburg aro the social, scientific, artistic no less than the political foci of their respective countries. In Europe commerce also gravitates to the capital, and a like result would be seen here did not our Bepublic embrace the best part of a continent New York now rightly claims commercial supremacy. but in no distant future New York will be but one of many business marts. In the ratio that commerce is diffused government will be centralized, and with it all thai makes life beautiful and interesting. Therelore, as years go on, Americans will look to "Washington as the Mecca of thought in all phases at all seasons. The bigger the Bepublio's growth the more necessary becomes a rallying point. North, South, East and "West meet here on common ground. Sectional egotism must disappear in the light of national glory, and the Congressman who fails to vote for appropriations to advance the interests of "Washington will fail to satisfy his patriotic constituents. "Who has not visited the capital since the war has not seen a miracle. It has risen from mud and dust to be the only well-paved town In this country. So clean and smooth are its streets that pedestrians pre-fertheir asphalt to the more irregular bricks of the sidewalks. "WHERE WHEELS BUN SMOOTnLT. It is in consequence the paradise of bicycles, the poor man's and poor woman's horses; thus clerks and other stay-at-homes whose incomes are limited enjoy a means of locomotion which takes them far and near with greatest ease. Lovers of driving and riding heave a sigh of relief at the absence of the noise, holes and cobblestones peculiar to our great towns, hideous facts that make exercise on wheels or in the saddle an agony instead of a pleasure. Delightful as are the broad avenues lined with well-grown trees and intersected at many points by verdant squares and parks, the neighboring country is still more attractive. Nowhere is nature so accessible, and nowhere is it so varied in its beauty. Go east, go across the eastern branch of the Potomac and you enter woods as wild as though they were primeval, with views of water, hills and town that await the brush of a Turner. In this direction, but neaier Capital Hill, the Roman Catholics, always far-seeing, have begun a university which will cost millions before its complctlou. It is situated on rising ground and the scenery from its windows is exquisite; here a glimpse of the capital's dome, there of the Monument's Summit, nearby the tower of the Soldiers Home all of white mai bio and far enough away to seem like pictures in a dieam or a romance. By moonlight it is fairyland. AN ADVISORY BOARD OF SAGES. Adjoining this university is the Soldiers' Home with its hundreds or acres of well-kept drives, of hill and vale, of flowers and primeval forest. A few miles distant is the country home of the Biggs family, and not lar oil loom up the commodious barn, which make the stock farm of General E. F. Beal a landmark. Still further north is Holly Hills, the lovely retreat where ex-Secretary McCulloch and his family spend half the year. Though eight miles from town, Holly Hills is high enough to command a view of capitol and monuments while the woods are as wild and the brooks babble as merrily as though far from the haunts of Congress. It is a privilege to spend a day with the venerable ex-Secretary of the Treasury, who, at Salmon P. Chase's urgent request, left the presidenoy ot his bank in Indiana to become Comptroller of the Currency and organize our present system of national banks. Mr. McCulloch is as vigorous as ever mentally, and discusses national issues with a breadth and an impartiality which it were a blessing did high officials follow. What a pity that the real solons of this Bepublic are not utilized! Why could there not be a sort of advisory board appointed from retired naval, military and civil officers? It seems a shame that some of our best brains should be thrown away. Perhaps we shall learn the science of economy in all things, brains included, one of these days. TROOP OP A DOCTOR'S OPINION. Nearer town are Columbia Hcights,where Mrs. Jphn A. Logan has a charming home, and where Dr. William A. Hammond has put up not only a palace for himself and his agreeable wife, but a sanitarium for his many patients. This shows what Dr. Hammond thinks of Washington's climate.where spring is earlier and autumn later than in Northern cities, and where outdoor sports are possible the year round. Drive up that most beautiful of streetB, Sixteenth, which is a straight line from the White House to the boundary, and on the first hill stands the stone castellated structure built by ex-Senator and Mrs. J. B. Henderson, of Missouri; opposite is an ideal site for an ideal 'hotel. Beyond lies the pretty suburbs of Lanier Heig'hts leading direct to the wild and picturesque region of Bock Creek, which Congress has set aside lor a national park. Here,-too, is the zoological park, which promises to be the finest as it is the largest in the world. Hill, ,SUNDAT, AUGUST 9, dale, woods and lawn, with the merry Bock Creek dancing at its base, make this park a fitting home for the animal kingdoufof two continents. Already elephants from India and Ceylon have taken possession of their house. Daily in the afternoon they stroll down to the creek for their half hour's bath, which they enjoy hugely, playing with each other in a truly elephantine way, yet returning to dry land at their keepers signal with an obedience that American children might imitate to advantage. HOW SHIS NAMED A BEAR. One of tho latest additions to thepark l' a cinnamon bear from the Far West I made his acquaintance soon after he emerged from the box in which he had traveled for two weeks. Brain was no amiable and I didn't blame him. He naturally looked as though he hated everybody. Every man's hand seemed against him and his paws were against every man. On being asked to name this irate cinnamon bear I christened him "Sin" for short He immediately proceedrd to live np to it, by throwing himself against the bars of "his cave doors, and would have wreaked vengeance on Dr. Baker's hand had not this well-known specialist been unusually alert. "Well named," said Dr. Baker, who is acting manager. "He acts like original sin." Across Bock creek, at the entrance to the zoo, a California syndicate, i led by those masterful spirits, Francis (2. Ncwlands and Senator Stewart, of Nevada, have built a lofty and really picturesque iron bridge over which will ply electric cars to connect the capital with the model town of Cherry Chace. Big ideas come from the "West None but Californians would have leveled hills, cut bqulcvards and carried the District of Columbia into Maryland. Cherry Chace, only seven miles from town, will stand 400 feet above the level of the sea, and oiler still another breathing place for the City of Parks. Southwest ot Lanier Heights lies "Woodley Lane, where some of the most attractive country houses are situated, among them President Cleveland's "Oak View, which sold within two years for $120,000 more than Mr. Cleveland paid for itl This sounds like a fairy story, but it isn't AKESIDENCE FOB PBESIDENT3. Nearby is "Twin Oaks," Gardiner G. Hubbard's nineteenth century copy of a colonial mansion. It is admirable within and without. There the connoisseur in etchings and engravings may beguile many nn hour, for Mr. Hubbard's collection is rare. Across the lane, higher tip the hill, is the old Bussey place, superb in situation, commanding a view of the Capitol, monument, city and Potomac Here might be built the noblest country houses m the world, and here should be the private residences of our Presidents. It is now owned by the Sharon estate. Beyond, to the southward, is the Town and Country Club, where members congregate for breakfasts, dinners, suppers, balls and hunts, according to the season of the year. Still further south rise "Wesley Heights, where 510,000,000 will be expended in building and equipping the American University, of which Bishop Hurst is Chancellor. On these beautiful heights sorae'ol Washington's best citizens intend to put up summer homes. On one side Virginia's dreamy Blue Bidge Mountains arc seen, on the other the capital aud the winding Potomac Nor is this all. A pretty country lane leads from Wesley Heights to the right bank of the Potomac, and after following its sinuous course for six miles another suburb, Glen Echo, suddenly appears, where stone villas crown a splendid bluff and where a fine hotel will soon be erected. One mile and a half beyond is the National Chautauqua, whose stone amphitheater has not its like in America. Two hundred feet in diameter, it seats 6-,000 persons. CALLS IT A SrOBTING PAKADISE. Hot in summer? Of course Washington is often hot in summer. So are New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Pittsburg and every town of my acquaintance. What I maintain is that Washington has special attractions as a summer residence because it approximates to the country, because its parks offer perpetual verdure, because its suburbs are within walking distance, because its drives are many and lovely, be cause river excursions are varied and mountains and sea are near, because markets are fine and the best people are plenty, and finally, because library and museums offer .mental stimulants wneri everything else cloys. What are the summer pastimes in this sporting paradise? That depends. If you are a fisherman you will drive over the longest arched bridge in the world, a monument of engineering skill, and pass days at Great Falls on the Potomac, inviting your soul and black bass at the same time. If you are one of our 5,000 devotees of the wheel you will almost fly over the face of nature iu every direction and find enjoyment at every turn. If you are fond of the net and racquet, yon will find 3,000 amateurs to keep you company. You need not give a kingdom for a horse who will take you a different ride every day of the month and make von realize that Maryland and especially Virginia are yet to be discovered. Baseball has myriads of adherents and the. fine house of the Columbia Athletic Club attests the popularity of manly arts, while the Potomac river for the most part is dedicated to pleasure cratt. Have I won my case? If yon do not believe in your capital, my dear readers, put yourself in my place and you will be converted. Until then, I pray for you. Kate Field. CABBYING THE BABY. A Cute I.lttlo Hammock That Swings From the Mother's Shoulder. Lady's Pictorial. There is always something being invented for the benefit of one class or another, and the latest production of Inventive genius, the patent "baby carrier," will specially appeal to the great host of mothers. This most ingenious and useful little article is in reality a miniature hammock, which can be fastened round the neck at various heights by strong hooks; the baby being placed ln-side,the hands of the nurse are left perfectly-free, the arms are saved from any strain or .subsequent aching, and perfect com- fort and safety are insured for the child. The "baby" carrier" weighs under three ounces, will wash, and when not in use can be folded up into a very small compass and carried in the pocket. Every woman knows bow when baby wants to be "nursed everything else must be put aside, and every movement studied, therefore the value of an article the use of which admits of a book or work being held, and saves the arm from mady an hour's aching, can be thoroughly appreciated. Only Colored Woman Dentist The "Working Woman. A woman dentistl Yes, and a little colored one at that She has a neat, cosy office at 216 Ninth street, Bichmond, Virginia, and her sign reads "Miss Ida Gray. Dentist." She is a graduate of the school of dentistry at Ann Arbor, Mich. She is the only female dentist of color in the United States, is doing a good business. II J&r&MM- 7?. aBKRiVSKr iR flBQ JfiTirS'x'f J 7 v&mtF&wsj &JKWBU&' -AMI lW1" 1891. THE TJJHESCAL Til Enough of It to Supply America When tho Works Are in Shape. ORE OP THE FINEST QUALITY. MaDy Untruthful Statements Hare Got Into Print About It. . WHAT THE MANAGERS HATE TO SAT The development of the Temescal tin mines in California has been the subject of considerable romancing on the part of zealous correspondents of both parties, owing to its bearing on the operation of the Mc-Kinley law. Extravagant statements on both sides have unsettled the public mind and made the English gentlemen in charge of the works very' reticent in the presence of a news gatherer. "A grand lot of lies about us has been going the rounds of the newspapers, and we hope you are not wanting to make up a new batch," said two of the managing Englishmen whom the correspondent of the New York Tritnmt met a few days ago. Upon the assurance hat the,paper was a friend to American tin, and sought to tell only tho truth, the correspondent was cordially a3-mitted to their confidence. Among the published statements which the managers flatly deny are the following: That they have shipped 38,000 pounds of pig tin at 25 cents a pound to the Tin Plate Company in St Louis; that theyhaye orders to the amount of ?300,000 in advance of their output; that their works have at any time been closed down; that they are employing 250 men; that they have promised within any definite period of time to produce any stated amount of the metal; and that they have arranged to send each member of Congress a little tin pig. PACTS ABOUT THE MINES. With the field cleared of these fictions. the affirmative statements of fact have roomi to stand out in clear outline. The tract of land embracing the Temescal mines lies about 90 miles in a northerly direction from San Diego, and covers 48,000 acres of land. Since the destruction by flood of a part of the Temecula Canon branch of the Santa Fe Bailroad, the mines are reached by way of Santa Anna and South Biverside, over the main line. The present ownerB are Englishmen, who purchased the property from capitalists chiefly residents in San Francisco. Active development of the mines began in December, 1890. Colonel E. H. Bobjnson is general manager, and Bichard Harris, an expert from the Cornish mines, is in immediate charge of the work. Hugh Stephens, purser of the company, is here on an errand of inspection, and it is from these three gentleman and W. W. Stewart, of this city, the commercial factor of the company, that the following facts are learned: Up to the present time the active operations at the mines have been confined strictly to experimental tests. The ore must be reduced to the fineness of flour and then washed, aud for this purpose a mill oi moderate size, with the requisite machinery, has been built USE OIL INSTEAD OP COAL. Besides this, a smelter has been erected, and has been subject to more or less change to accommodate the mode of reduction, which is entirely different from that employed in Wales. There coal is exclusively used, while here oil is injected by a steam spray into the cupola, producing a white heat in much less time than by the former fuel. Perhaps the most important part of the experiment has been applied to the mining ot the ore and the adaptation of machinery for this purpose. In this branch of the business local conditions require new methods and corresponding machines. To promote. and perfect the means of production has occupied the whole attention of tne company, wmen nas maue no enort as vet to court the maikct or solicit orders. The result of the operations, however, has been an incidental output of a fine quality of pig tin, which our eyes have seen, and which has been caught up by an eager trade as fast as produced. One lot, of 8,193 pounds, and another of 14,336 pounds, hare been shipped in small orders to different tin factories. The manufacturers of tin goods in St. Louis, Chicago, Cleveland and Philadelphia have taken small invoices for the purpose of trying American tin. In San Fraacisco the metal has been found equal to any obtained from foreign mines. ENOUGH TO SUPPLY AMERICA. The cost of the Temescal plant thus far amounts to 5300,000, exclusive of the original purchase. About 100 carpenters and other mechanics were employed in the erection of buildings and furnaces, aud when these had finished their work and left the place the report went out that the mines had closed down. The actual number of men employed is about 60, which is as laree a number as. the machinery established and the shafts opened can profitably work. These men are w orked by shifts, day and night The ore is of remarkable pnrity, in some cases reaching 80 per cent It is found in a quartz matrix, and in some specimens the native metal is apparently pure and evident to the eye, as in many specimens oi gold quartz. Investigation thus far proves the quantity of rich ore to beinexhaustible. The management disclaim any connection with the lockout in Wales or with any other scheme whose object is to influence the market They claim to be working precisely as they would were they Americans instead of Englishmen. They "mean business," in the conservative, solid, judicious, English way. They have paid a duty of $3,500 on new machinery received from England. They refuse to boast or to indulge in glowing predictions, but the facta speak for themselves. The .lemescai mines ana the reduction works which will grow apace with their development give fair promise of an ability to produce tin enough to supply the American Continent. B0CI0BS SHOULD BE COOES. The Frylnz Fan Often Undoes All He Accomplishes for Ills Patient. In some parts of Europe the impression prevails that a physician's training is not complete until he has become an expert in cooking, and he idea is not a bad one, says Dr. Ohmann-Dumesuil in the St. Louis Olobe-Dcmocrat, At one of the colleges in which I studied tho policy was much favored, and there were lectures on how to prepare food to suit different constitutions. Every one admits nowadays that bad cook-ins, and especially the indiscriminate use of the trying pan, is one of tho commonest causes of dyspepsia, and many a time a doctor will go on prescribing remedies without effect, simply because the cook is undoing all the good he effects by calling upon the weak stomach to do what it cannot possibly perform. There are very few articles of food that must be absolutely banished from the iiwvalid's room, the exceptions being chiefly immature meats; and w hen all doctors leant how to cook as wellas how to prescribe this fact will be generally admitted. The Soxes In England. The proportion ofmale to female children born in England during the last ten years is as 1,038 to 1,000; but as tho former suffer from a higher rate of mortality than the latter, the equilibrium between the sexes is restored about the tenth year of life, and ii finally changed by immigration, war and perilous male occupations, to the extent that there are 1,000 women of all ages to 919 men in England. Forty Tears' Exeprlenoe. An old'nurse says she has never used a wine that has had such if pleasing effect on her patients as that made Dy Alfred Speer, of Passaic, N. 'J. A pure article. , s AN AMERICAN SERIAL STORY. WRITTEN TOE THE DISPATCH BIT 'iTTTLIES TEB1TE. CHAPTER XVI. HARRY SHELTON. The article in question had been taken from an Australian paper, the Morning Herald, of Sidney. It read as follows: 'It will be remembered that the last attempt, made seven years ago by the Molly's Hope, to discover what had become of the survivors of the Dreadnaught, ended in nothing, and the belief was forced upon the world that they had all perished, either before running on Browse Island or after leaving it The mystery still remains as great as ever, although one of the officers of the Dreadnaught has just reached Sydney. It is none other than Harry Shelton, tho mate of the clipper ship. He was found on the banks of the Paroo, one of the branches of the Darling, almost on the boundary lino of New South Wales and Queeniland, and brought to Sydney. Bnt such is his weak and reduced condition that as yet he has been unable to give any account of himself, and the physician in charge announces that his death may occur at any moment This notice is given in hopes that it may reach the eyes ot those interestsdin the fate of the Dreadnaught." On July 27, the moment Andrew Hollis- TIE HAS RECOGNIZED ter was informed of this piece of news which had been telegraphed to San Diego, he hastened to Prospect Cottage, where Zach French happened to be. When the news was made known to Mrs. Allaire her sole reply was: "I leave for Sydney at once." "For Sydney?" repeated Holllster. "Yes," said Molly. "Will you go with me, Zach?" she added, turning to the boatswain. "To the ends of the world, Mrs. Allaire." "is the Molly s Hope ready lor sea? "No," replied Hollister; "it wonld tako three weeks to get her ready." "Before three weeks are up I must he in Sydney," exclaimed Molly. "When does the next steamer sail for Australia?" "The Oregon leaves San Francisco tonight." "Zach and I will be in San Francisco this evening." 'May God bring you and John together, my dear Molly I" cried Andrew Hollister. ""He will do it I" was her reply. That evening a special train, gotten ready at her request, landed Mrs. Allaire and Zach French in the capital city of the State. At-1 o'clock in the morning the Oregon steamed slowly through the Golden Gate. The steamer Oregon had averaged about 17 knots on this trip, which nad been favored by superb weather. Zach had an idea that the steamer was doing her very best on Mrs. Allaire's account It need hardly be said that passengers, officers ami crew manifested the greatest sympathy for this brave lady, whose rare courage in bearing up under her misfortunes made her richly deserving of it. On August 15, after a voyage of 7,000 miles, the Oregon entered the 6ay of Port Jackson through its lofty gateway of schistous cliffs. To the customs agent, who was the first person to board tho steamer, Mrs. Allaire turned with the anxious inquiry: "Harry Shelton?" "He is still alive," replied the agent, who had guessed who the lady was, for did not the whole city of Sydney know that she had taken passage on tile Oregon, and was she not awaited with the greatest impatience?" "Where is he?" she inquired. "At the Marine Hospital." Mrs. Allaire, followed by Zach French, landed at once. The crowd received her with'that deference which had always been shown her at San piego, and which would have been show n her anywhere. A carriage conveyed them to the Marine Hospital, where they were received by tho physician in charge. "Has Harry Shelton been able to speak yet?'.' she ask"ed. "Has he recovered consciousness?" "No, madam," replied the physician, "the poor man has not recovered the list of his faculties. He seems to be unable to articulate a syllable. Death may carry him off at any moment." "Shelton must not die!" exclaimed Molly. "Ho alone knows whether Captain John is alive, whether any of his crew still survive. He alone can tell where they are. I have come to see him, to hear what he has to say " "Madam, I'll take you to him at once," replied the physician. In a few moments Mrs. Allaire and Zach French stood by Shelton's bedside. Six weeks priorto this time a band of trappers who had crossed New South Wales aud penetrated into the southern portion of Queensland, while camped upon the left banks of the Paroo, had come upon a human being in the bush. The man's clothes wero reduced to the merest shreds, and so near death's door was he through hunger and exposure that he had lost consciousness. But fortunately his enlistment papers as an officer in" the American merchant marine informed, his finders who he was, namely, Harry Shelton, the mate of the clipper ship Dreadnaught. Where did he come from? From what distant and unknown portion of the Australian continent had he made his way here? For how long a time had ho wondered about in the awtul solitudes of this central desert? Had he been a prisoner among the natives, and had he succeeded in making his escape? Where had he left his companions, if any of them were still alive? Could it be that he was the last survivor of the ill-fated ship wrecked 14 years ago? Up to this moment not one of these questions had received an answer. There did not cease to be, however, a great desire everywhere manifested a4 to where Harry Shelton had come from, what aifilft-J ? M m 15 his life had been since the wreck of th, Dreadnaught on the reefs of Browse Island, in a word, to have the mystery cleared up. Harry Shelton was carried to the nearest point in railway communication with Sydney and thence to that city. The news of his arrival in the capital was first madepublio by the Morning Journal, extracts from which article have already been given, and from which it appeared that the mate of the clipper ship had not as yet recovered consciousness sufficiently to reply to questions put to him. Mrs. Allaire never would have reco sized Shelton, so changed was he. Although only 46, he had the appearance of s man of CO. This man, or rather this pitiable wreck of humanity, was the only human being able to tell what had become of Captain John and his crew. Up till now the most tender nursing had been ineffectual to bring about improvement in Shel ton's condition a condition due, no doubt, to the terrible fatigues undergone during tha weeks, who can say, possibly months of hla wandering across Central Australia. A. sinking fit might at any moment extinguish the spark of life still "aglow within nim. Since he had been in this hospital it would have been impossible for him to open hi eyes without the attendants knowing whether ho had regained consciousness or not. He took no notice of those who ad ministered nourishment to him. as a sigh ME, "WHISPERED 3I0LLY. child. It seemed as if the awful sufferings to which he had been exposed had so iweak ened his mind as to destroy all recollection of companions. Seated by his bedside, with her gaze riveted upon his face, Mrs. Allaire watched every movement of his eyelids, listened to every faint murmur of his voice in hopes to catch one single word. Standing behind her was Zach French, intent upon noting some glimmer of intelligence, as a sailor watches for the first ray of light through tha lowering gloom of the horizon. But no hclimmer came that day. The lids of Shel- I ton's eyes were not lif eves were not lilted save brilollvi lingers, and then only to hod the hxed star of unconsciousness. Still she kept despair from her soul, and Zaeh, too, still had hope. "If'Harry recognizes his Captain's wife," said Frehch, "he will find a way to make) himself understood even if he can't talk." Yes, it was important for him to recog nize Mrs. Allaire, for by so doing his enthralled senses might he set free. It would be necessary to act with the greatest prudence nntil he should become accustomed to her presence. Little by little his memory would take up the lost clew, and he would be able to express himself -by signs, if h could not by words. Although Mrs. Allaire was counseled not to remain too long on watch by Shelton' - . - . . V - . bedside, yet she refused to quit the rood for a moment. Slia clung persistently to the head of his bed. "Shelton may die7" she murmured, "and should the word which I am yearning for ba uttered with his last gasp, I must be tber9 to catch it. I shall not leave him." Toward evening there was a slight chanM for the better in the mate's condition. Ha slowly opened his eyes, but they took no notice of Mrs. Allaire's presence. She. however, bent her gaza upon him, called him by name, and repeated tha words: "John," Captain of the Dreadnaught, San Diego," but they awakened no recollection of his companions. The dying man still failed to make reply to the oft-repeated questions: "Is John alive?" "Is anyone) of his crew still living?" Toward night Shelton's weakness increased, his eyes fell shut, his hands grew cold, as if the little) lifo left within him had retreated to his Heart Would ha die without uttering a word? On the following day the physician, alarmed at these signs of collapse, resorted to the most vigorous methods of resuscitav tion; but without effect. It was evident) that the man was sinking. Thus were tho bright hopes which Shelton's return had given rise to about to go out in blank despair, the light which his coming had kindled to be succeeded by a gloom so deep, that nothing would bo able to dissipate it.' This would be the end, yes, the end of all. At Molly's request there was now a coni sultation of the principal physicians of tha city, but after they had made a careful examination of the patient they reluctantly declared the case hopeless. "You can do nothing, then, for this unfortunate, man?" asked Mrs. Allaire. "We regret to say, nothing," replied tha physician in charge. "Not even bring him back to conscious ness for a single moment?" Willingly would Molly have laid down her whole fortune to have gained this point But when man fails God is always left It is to Him that helpless man turns with uplifted hands when human resources are powerless to save! The moment the physicians had left the room Molly fell upon her knees by Shelton's bedside, and when Zach opened the door he found her in praver. He stood for a moment with bowed head, then advanced tiptoe to the head of the bed, in order to satisfy himself whether Shelton were still alive or not. "Madamt Madam I" suddenly burst from the seaman's lips. Thipking that French's cry announced that death had come -at last, Molly rose to her feet. . "Is he dead?" she whispered in a tone so sad as to smite the honest boatswain's heart. "No, Madam, no! See, his eyes are open, he is looking about him." It was as French had said. From beneath his half-raised lids Shelton's eyes burned with a strange brilliancy. Color came to his cheeks, his hands roe and fell. He had come out of his long-continued lethargy, and now his gaze was riveted upon the Captain's wife and a half smile moved his lips. tf 1 1 .J -41, st,- sm

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