Hats, Bonnets. We have now a complete stock of Winter Hats and Bonnets, showing all the latest styles in. shapes and trimmings. Examine our goods and prices. E. Reeve & Co. The Austin House, BANCROFT, IOWA. As good accommodations for the general public as can be found in Bancroft. Commercial Trade Solicited, The Placeforthe Farmers to Stop. Accommodations for teams. G. 0. Austin, Prop, To and for the People. Do you want a good, square meal? Do you want s;ood, reliable insurance? Do you want to rent a farm or grass laud? Do you want to trade or sell your farm or other property ? Do you want to buy a farm or unimproved laud on long time with but little or no cash payment? Do you want to make a loan on your farm at the lowest current rate of interest and favorable terms? Do you want anything in a legitimate line of banking? For any and all of the above, 'please consult It. M. Itichmoiul at the Commercial Hotel and Farmers' and Traders' Bank Block, Bancroft, Iowa. SOLDIERUTTENTION Soldiers, Sailors, their Widows or Minor Children, who have homesteaded a 20, 80, 40, 60, 80,120, etc., any number of acres less than 160 acres, come and see the undersigned and he will let yon know if your additional homestead is good, and pay yon the highest cash price, and pay. you 20 cents per acre over and above all other bidders on your claim. THEO. F. BAKNES, Lincoln, Neb. "Willis Halloclc, A.tft. at Algoiia. Farm and Stock-Yard. JAMES AVltSON, Editor, (Ideas are solicited from our farmer readers. Queries will be answered. Address to tlie Editor, Jnines Wilson, Truer, Iowa,) ALGONA, IOWA, OOT, 15, 1890. Every crop sold exhausts the soil. The best farmer ia he who keeps his farm improving. Dr. Wallace is doing his very best on the Homestead, just now. It is conceeded by all who think about it that the late period of low prices for farm products came about • by overpro duction and that the later rise in prices was caused by short crops. India has 16,095 miles of railroad, controlled mostly by the State. The roads are run from the sea to the wheat lands. One bushel of wheat is produced for each individual, 260,000,000. The poverty of the people, only, compels them to sell any. The opening of the World's Fair on Sunday is being protested against. It is not likely to be done. The Sabbath observing people have made the Republic what it is. They keep it from destruction and they will not permit it to be Frenchified. Some dairymen think and say that a starved cow will give as rich milk as a well fed one, though less of it. That is all nonsense. A cow fed corn meal with her hay or silage will give far richer milk than one fed on meal. StiH, many think otherwise. Try it and see. We may look for better prices for hog products soon, as Franco and Germany will open their ports to them now. Our government after long urging shows its teeth and threatens those countries with retaliation. That has done more than all the diplomacy of the last nine j'ears. Bradstrects' tells of a steam ship that is preparing to leave our shores for Australia with 300,000 tons of petroleum, sugar refined, tobacco, lumber, 25,000 stoves, shovels, axes, tools, bolts, hardware, carriage-ware, woodenware, lamp ware, tacks, handles, books, carriages, shoe pegs, and canned goods. This is partly a new venture, farmers to educate and dtg&fafae. That is ID line. We think it the duty of out moat intelligent farmers to help the enthusiastic in their work of organization, help to table foolish things, and help to forward Wise things. The student of American history will smile at the attitude of the British papers just now. Time was, when the Monarch there turned his back on the American minister. Now they ask us if we want to bulldoze them into letting our cattle into their pastures. They admit that they are insincere in their discriminations, that the disabilaties laid on our export cattle are for protection, really, still they do not want us to be too "sudden" with them. The foreign powers that first thought to be hostile to our country because of proposed legislation at Washington are now arranging with our foreign ministers to let our meats go in as they permit other nations. Our exports of hog products fell off fifty per cent, since the prohibition, and we have felt it. Now, the prospect is good for an increased foreign demand. The hog is to sell better. If the prohibition is removed soon, and we hope it will be, hogs will jump up a good deal. Reports from cattle markets tell us there is a surplus of common stuff. Whoever breeds it need not roar about hard times and run to conventions and pass resolutions about other folks. If they would resolve to get rid of lower class stock and prepare what is first class, then if any thing interferes with fair prices, yell. Cattle that can easily be matured in Iowa, mostly on grass, bring five cents and over. Starved, ill bred stock sell under three cents. If wheat keeps up we can grow it in our rotation after plowing up clover sod and not again for five years on the same ground. Insect pests are not so likely to annoy when crops are rotated. We would need fresh seed often and of the very best. Good grain seed is just as potent in raising a good crop as good blood in breeding good animals. We held a watch at the state fair while lie Babcock machine found the fat in milk. It did it in five minutes. The pro cess was mixing sulphuric acid in milk and revolving it rapidly in a machine for our minutes, then adding a little water and revolving another minute. The fat ose to the tob of the long-necked bottle hat had guages to tell the amount. Past Mull Liiu- with Vestlbuled Trains be cu'eeii Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and -Minneapolis. TraiiN-C'niithii'iitul i:<mt« between Chicago, Council Bhilfs.Omaliaiind the Pacific coast. Great National Koute between Chicago, Kansas City and St. Joseph, Mo. 5700 Mile* of iinuil reaching all principal points in Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missou.'i aud Dakota. For maps, time tables, rates of passage and freight, etc., apply to the nearest station ase.nl of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul Railway, or to any railroad agent anywhere in the World. R. Miller, A. V. H. Carpenter, Gen'1 Manager. Gen'1 Pass, & Ticket A 't. information in reference to Lands and towns owned hy the CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE & ST. PAUL RAILWAY COMPANY, write to H. G. HAUGAN, Land Commissioner, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. One of the acts of the International American Conference was the proposition to build a railway connecting all the Americas. We believe it will be built, and soon. There is a fraternal spirit among these nations and there is plenty of money. Our country would furnish the material to a great extent, as we make most things cheapest now. We are impressed with the thought that along that route we will send to the ends of the hemisphere many products of the farm condensed, that will pay. who cheer us on in our efforts to Interest the farmer. Good words from old yoke- fellows ate like the shadow of a great rock in a weary land- But we would be utterly bankrupt in gratitude if we did not dingle out one who had shown marked genius in putting things, and thank him kindly. The Des Molnes Leader gives us a third of a column in such a Way as to make us proud. It could not use the language of a friend; that would bring us under phrases of abuse• suspicion. It uses the »the only way It could render us a Service. It refers to our desire for a greater home market for field products; it blames us for that. Being under strong suspicion of selling space to the Cobden club, it knew a hearty commendation would displease itspaymasters. So, poor thing, it does what it can. The inference will be drawn that wo are not in its boat and for this we lift our hat. THE CHICAGO AND NORTH-WESTERN RAILWAY. Atiords unrivaled facilities for transit between the most important cities and towns in Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Northern Michigan, Minnesota, North and Soujh Dakota, Nebraska and Wyoming. Tlio train .service is carefully adjusted to meet the requirements ol through and local travel, and includes Fast Vestibuled Trains Of Dining Oars, Sleeping Oars & Day Coaches, KunniMg solid between C'hieugo and St. Paul, Minneapolis, Council Biuffs, Omaha And Denver. Pullman and Wagner Sleepers CHICAGOtoSAN FRANCISCO CHlCAGOto PORTLAND, Ore. WITHOUT CHANGE. COLONIST SLEEPERS Chicago to Portland, Oregon, And San Fraucisco. Free Reclining Chair Cars CHICAGO To DENVER, COL., Via Council Blult's and Omaha. for lime of trains, tickets and all information up.ply to Station Agents of the C'hieugo & 'North western Hallway, or to the General Passeifgei Agent at Chicago. W. H. Newman, J. M. Whitman, Third Yice-1'Ktst. Oen'lMauager. W. A. THRALL, Uen'l. I'a.s.s. 4 Tick. Agt. There is a quiet but earnest inquiry af • er mutton sheep, and questions are ask- id whether sheep or cows pay best. That depends. If yon have plenty of family iclp to set at work, nothing pays better ,han the cow. If you have not such help the sheep may suit you better. We advise farmers to get a few mutton sheep, but step carefully, as there is much to learn. When you select a cow for milking, get one whose dam was a good milker and whose sire was from a good milking cow, and trace as far back as you can. Breed to a male from a good milking cow, and if you want her to milk well, feed for milk. You can only feed so much corn or corn meal to a milking cow. The feed should be soft, warm and easily digested, for the best results. Indoor shelter in winter is imperative in our climate. Whatever politicians may think or say about the bounty for sugar, history tells us that by that means the production of ( beet sugar has been made equal in the world to cane sugar in quantity. We import beet sugar heavily from Europe. We liould make it here and we will. It is only a question of time. It requires good and, under good cultivation. The dairy s conducted in co-operation with it. If we ever have plenty of home made sugar he north must make it. Youug man of good habits for a peraa nbut position. Salary $05 per mouth; $25 security required. If you can comply with the above, call or address with ref ereucea, Room 13, Peavy Grand, Sioux City, la If yon feed steers this winter, the more apidly it is done the more profit you will have. This is not a year to feed for growth,, unless your steers are very fine and are to bring fancy prices. The early maturing cattle will pay best this winter. Slow feeders will disappoint. Much money was made by feeders of 18 cent corn last winter. Feeding then was a sure business. The wind was behind the feeder. All who try to feed bad cattle with 30 or 40 cent corn will get a lesson. The marked success that has been had at Washington in the present Congress relative to fair play for our meats abroad is conclusive that wheu we ask what in itself is right, we will get it. Many things are nsked by farmers that nobody will listen to, not even half of the farmers. It would be very sensible then to ask for what is evidently proper, and educate other classes up to the point of seeing things as we put them. Chauncey Depew has had a good training in this regard. He delivered his graduating exercise at Syracuse lately, at a state fair,und we must say he promises well. What he concedes may be considered settled. He admits that railways pay, notwithstanding recently enacted laws. He wants Edward Atkinson predicts the doubling of the railways of (he world in the next decade. The extensions of the last decade have brought all the competition to the progressive Iowa farmer that is likely to hurt. Africa and South America will be the new fields. Two conditions must combine to compete with us, a grass and grain belt and enlightened farmers to work it. We hold the vantage ground in both regards. Never mind the blatherskites who say you are bound for the poor house. You are not. Improve in every direction and no one has a fairer prospect. Our home markets control all our products except wheat, and being the largest consumers of wheat of any nation, home demand controls that more than any other demand. When, very soon, we use all our wheat at home, outside prices are likely to go up. In fact we look for the time, net far distant, when everybody can not get wheat to eat. The wheat grower on nature's prepared fields is near the end of his work. Europe keeps up her wheat fields by buying phosphates from all the world, by buying grains here to feed. This will soon stop— and then. Gov. Hoartf is crying out about lanrl becoming poorer. He is right, it is high time. The gravelly drift that is found oeer much of Wisconsin will not stand so much soil robbing as Iowa does. . The Gov. says manure is needed. So it is, no doubt, but buying manure is out of the question in the West. The best that «an be done is to buy the feed and grain from every thoughtless man who will sell. When the grain seller comes to his senses and wants manure, he will sow red clover, summer fallow, keep good cows and other wise things. The oats most recently from foreign countries, where they grow to over forty pounds to the bushel, have yielded best. It would pay every township in Iowa to send a farmer to Scotland, Germany, Canada, or some good oats growing country to establish relations whereby new seeds could be imported in the future. While we raised wheat we got new seed regularly from Canada with fine results. Ours is not a first rate oats growing locality. The ripening is too rapid. Oats sown iu early spring and growing until September are better. FEEDING OFF CORN STAK.K8. We are round again to the season, nearly, of turning cattle into corn stalk fields. Soon we will hear of that disease called "corn stalk disesse," that comes periodically. It is caused by putting cattle into dry stalks and letting them fill up full and not have corn enough in the dry bulk to help digest it, and the cattle quite often do not get water enough. Reports last year came to us from farmers who said they pumped water twice a day. That will not do. The animals should have access to the water at all times, but we have reports from farmers who said they lost cattle that did have free access to water. A very hungry animal may fill up on dry husks and die from it. We opened one some years ago and found the first stomach very full of veiy dry husks. We turn cattle in at noon, after filling up on grass, leave them in an hour and then turn them out, Next day we turn them in at noon again for two hours and after that we leave them in» We have not lost an animal for twenty years or more, We have blue grass in all our corn fields, at the endlands, in sides of undrained sloughs, and on strips purposely left. We can understand how farmers in new countries are differently situated, as we were twenty years ago. No tame grass in the corn fields, no green grass in the pastures. Dry feed out of the corn field and in it, liave been feeding dry hay, perhaps. We have been there. We remember feeding corn to the cattle before turning them into the stalk fields, so that their stomachs would be used to it aud so that they would have something laxative to digest, and this we continued while the husks were plenty. If cattle are used to corn before going into the stalks, in new sections where there is no tame grass, they will not founder when turned in, and impaction will not take place. By all means have water handy and feed salt liberally. If you have death, be sure you have neglected something, b,ut do not imagine any disease is about you. Founder from too much corn and impaction of the stomach from too many dry husks in the stomach at a time, is the cuuse of any death you may have. Cattle will not always die promptly after filling up on dry husks, indeed, seldom. They will linger for days while the alimentary canal is drying up. After eating too much dry stuff and wanting water so long, it will not save them. If you suspect impaction, physic heroiclly and promptly. Listen to no talk about, smut poison. It is not. It is dry and helps dry up the system. We would not hesitate to feed one of our most valuable Shorthorn cows smut for a week, if sh6 had plenty of digestible material with it. The fact is the corn stalk and smut trouble moves west, ahead of tame grass and good wells. Stoves Stoves Stoves! This is a question everyone is interested in at this season of the year, and everyone wants to buy the stove that will heat the most surface with the least amount of fuel.. In making my selections of stoves this fall* I carefully looked into this matter and I am sure I have selected as good in every ref spect as there is in the market. Please call and see the new styles and get prices. I also have a l&rge number of second hand stoves which will be sold VERY CHEAP—from $3 up. Some of these stoves are nearly as good as new, Wood and Iron Pumps, G-uns, Amuni- tion, Husking Pins of every description, etc., all of which can be found at J, W. Robinson's- men. He lodges in the house and eats with the family. You may search the world over and not find this repeated. Foreigners from all lands are taken into our families, taught to speak our language, to live as we live and work as we work. Tens of thousands of farmers in the west today got their training this way. It Is currently reported that the hired man does not now pay. That he gets more than he earns. That depends. The grain raiser who robs his land to sell grain does a losing business all around. He gives work in the summer months and none in the winter. The hired man never learns of him the best farm lessons. The departmental farmer who consumes all grains and fodders on the place, and keeps his farm stocked with well bred animals, has a dairy and a feed yard or stable, has work the year round for himself and his help, and he gets his money's worth from the time of the hired man. It is a fact, that most of the successful farmers of the day sold their time when they were young and saved their wages until they had some capital, and by good behavior established credit, The hired farm hand is one of the few laborers who gets a thorough induction into habits of industry and knowledge of something that somebody wants done. Hence his success in after life. Men who hire should prefer to work for farmer who have all the departments of the farm in full operation. It is a schooling that can be obtained nowhere else. We notice that the British government is inquiring into the food and shelter of hired men who live alone and board themselves. A bill has been introduced in parliament to require roofs on their "boothies" that will not leak, and if we remember correctly, they are to get enough to eat. Hired men there do not often rise to tenants and never to be owners of farms. So we see that our beneficent society does well fay the hired man compared with any other country, A XjRtly In Texas Wi-Hew: My case is of long standing; has baffled many physicians; have tried every remedy I could hear of, but Bradfield's Female Regulator is all that relieved me. Write The Bradfield Reg. Co., Atlanta, Ga., for further particulars. Sold by Dr. L. A. Sheet/ and F. W. Dingley. 51-2 Notice of Tax Sale. To Adeline Rnlllnger. the widow of Thomas Winder, deceased, Deborah Sharp, Esther Beams, Olive Spain, aud Howard L. Winder, heirs at law ol Edward Winder, deceased, John W. windei-.Aaron \Viiuler.Elizabetli W. Young, A. G. Winder, Wm. H. Winder, Maria W. Pennington, and Seth 3. Winder, being the widow and all the heirs at law of Thomas Winder, deceased, and to all whom it may concern : You are hereby notified that on the 7th day of December, 1885, the following described real estate, situated lu the county of Kossuth and state of Iowa: thesonchwe.se quarter of section 26, township 100, north of range 27, west of the 5tli Principal Meridian, was sold by the Treasurer of said county to A. D Clarke,'and the certificate of purchase has been duly assigned to W, B. Gibbonev, who is now Hie lawfu 1 holder of the eertiflcate of purchase thereof. That the rlglit of redemption will expire and a deed for said land be made unless redemption from such sale bo made within ninety days from tlio completed service of this notice. Dated this 7th day of October, A. D. 1880. 2-4 " W.B.GIBONBY. f ATTTTflW w ' L. Douglas Shoes are yAU 1 Ufa •warranted, and every pair has his name and price stamped on bottom* I ffc GENt The farmer who lias plenty of help that can do work at home, but not conveniently away from home, is the one to make the very most of corn, fed to dairy cows this year. The big farmer who hires everything done will wait until he sees his way clear to feed corn any other way than in the ear. If corn ground is preferable to corn whole for a cow, let the farmer who has more help than capital, grind. If corn meal mixed with fodder, either ensilage or other, let him do that. If corn meal boiled makes more milk than meal raw, let him boil, because he turns time into money. Bro. Bennett, of Waverly, puts his finger on the side of his nose when we write of this. We have helped to feed dear meal to milch cows, both ways, and ask Bennett to try, rather than make ugly faces. Trial goes before report. We grow too much corn in Iowa, generally, for the permanent good of the soil. A reforma tion in methods ol feeding ia wanted. OVW tfKHSNDS. We owe gratitude to generous friends IOAVA FAKMS. Continued reports of demand for Iowa farms leads to inquire into the logic of it. Iowa has done no advertising but what her soil does of itself. The entire stopping of the movement west has its effect. People from the desert are returning. The steady movemeiat from states east of Iowa of young farmers with money to buy cheaper lands than they can get at home, the desire to invest capital made in Iowa by her own people, all work together to give Iowa farms an upward tendency. Better prices and the certainty that diversified industry will soon require all our field products, even in average years, helps along the desire for Iijwa farms, but above all the reliability of Iowa soil in dry years to yield well proclaims the superiority of the state. Again, the rent of the average Iowa acre is beyond the interest attainable on the amount now asked for Iowa farms. Our best farms rent readily for three dollars an acre. That is interest on fifty dollars an acre at six per cent., uud the rise in lands is supposed to equal the taxes and repairs. Our average farms rent for $3.50 an acre that have been valued at $80 an acre. Our vejy poorest farms rent for the interest on $35 and plenty of farmers make the interest on $60 an acre, and some dairymen, breeders and snug, small farmers do far more than that. These are the facts that make Iowa lands in demand- Let prices swing back to a dollar for wheat, thirty cents for corn aud oats, five cents for beef and pork, and stay there a few years and Iowa farm lands will not be easily bought. We are not far from the prices named now and are pretty certain to see them before long. _ THE HIUKli MAN. There is a world-wide difference between hired men in this or any other country. Where society is classified, the weakest is always discrimioated against by the stronger. No one feature of life in the northern states speaks more for A show full of fun and music, refined and interesting. Huiest & Stout's Musical Comedy Company. Buy your soft coal of Fred Willson. Matson, McCall & Co. have on hand a complete line of feathers, plushes, Surrah silks, fancy veilings, etc. You will do well to give them a call before purchasing elsewhere. FOUND— A water spaniel. Owner can recover the same by identifying property L. DOUGLAS $3 SHOE GENTLEMEN, Fine Calf and Traced Waterproof Grain. The excellence and wearing qualities of this shoo be better shown than l>y the strong endorse- cannot . _ ments of Its thousands of constant wearers. Se.OO Genuine Hand-sewed, an elegant and O Btyllah dress Shoo which commends Itself. $A.OO Hand-sewed Welt. A fine calf Shoe *» unequalled for stylo and durability. .BO Goodyear Welt Is the standard dress «$" Shoe, at a popular price. SO. BO Policeman's Shoe is especially adapted w for railroad men, farmers, etc. AU made In Congress, Button and Lace. i and paying for this"notice. "Call at Star Barber Shop. Johnson's Cash Store. pure cider vinegar at the Your cough will not last all winter: 1 You will not be kept awake at night; You will get immediate relief if You will use DeWitt's cough and consumption cure. Sold by Dr. Sbeetz. Do you burn soft coal? Then be wise and buy of Fred Willson. Prices low. have been most favorably received alnce Introduced and the receut Improvements make them superior to any shoes sold at these prices. Ask your Dealer, aud if he cannot supply you send direct to factory enclosing advertised prfce, or a postal for order p ] lan ki s. jijA8i ^^^ MMfc F. S. Stough, Agent. Home seekers will llud the lant ol' I the public domain of agricultural and griizlni? value along the tit. | Northern Hy. in North " ' ' and Montana. New Towns lou or more,along the Great Nor- tr.eni Hallway line. Business chances. Write V. I. Whitney, St. Punt, Minn., for books, maps, etc, Write now. boy's and children's hats and G. L. GALBIIA.ITU & Co. Men's, caps. Farmers! Farmers ! Don't grope in the darkness when you can buy a good lantern for 50c at Townsend & Langdon's. To Beat! Comfortable living rooms. Inquire of tf M. STABB. Settlers on free Government hind along the (ireat Northern By. Hue 111 North Dakota and Montana sets low rates and line markets for products. Low Rates Hptlm I Finest resorts in America along Great Northern By. line In Minnesota, Dakota, and Montana, Uest climate for health seekers. Montana produces the finest! Horses and Cattle. Free ranges yet 111 Mouso, Milk and Sun river! valleys and Sweet Grass Hllla. ( Health, Wealth: In Montana. Free Lands, New Towns, New Kail ways, jlew Mines, Low Kates. Largest ate* of eood vacant land. liepubUcauisuj than the vaftge of hired Fred Willson keeps the Iowa soft coal for sale. Best in the market. Large line of cheap counter goods just received at Galbraitq's. Stuck for Sale. Having sold my home farm. I now offer my entire herd of short horn cattle at private sale in lots to suit purchasers on the most liberal terms. I also have for sale a choice lot of horses and colts and fine young brood mares. Also Polan China brood sows and pigs. 4ft. tf J. B. JONES. The People's Favorite Remedy, the most perfect specific ever formulated for the successful treatment of bronchitis, catarrh, liver, kidney and stomach trouble, coughs or colds. Try it and you will never do without it. Ask your druggist, L. A. SUeeta. . 44 tf A complete stock of millinery goods for the fall trade. Matson, McCall & Co. Small in size, great in results; De Witt's Little Eariy Risers. Beet piU for constipation, best for sick head aobe, beat for aour stomach. Sold by Dr. go Hweet Gross "Hills, Milk and Sun Illvoy valleys, Montana, i cached only py the Great Northern Hallway Line. paradise. The Stock Ualsnr's Gold, ilk The regions tributary to Great Northern Hallway Line hi Montana produce all the pveeious and' baser metals. New towns att<| railways are being built. Go to tlie (rront Ue.soi'vatiou of Montana aud get a good free homestead, .oow rates and free sleepers on Great Northern It'y. Line. Go now. HERDS MINES have made MoDtttna'the richest, stale per capita In (ha L'nion. Plenty of room for more miners and stock raisers. NmvJs the time. TO uii AloilK tlie tirear. Northern Uull- way Uine in Montana are free nuiclie-H iincl iiastuiaue, milieu of precious niciuls, iron in id ctta.1. aud new cities aud to\vns. Mow is your elumco. Surrounded Uy a line agricultural and urn/lug couiitl'J', Close to mines ol precious metals, iron and eo:il,possessing a water power uue<iii:<led lit Aiuenca, it Is, Mouuna's indusivia,! ce'Vter. ' GREAT FALLS, TU0 valleys of Kea t Mouse, Great JSttitUern, B'y Line.
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