The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on October 1, 1890 · Page 6
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Wednesday, October 1, 1890
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Acconmxo to Prof. Garrison, ot Chi- Bftjjo, ilio crumbled and crushed form of ftho human ear was originally caused find is now maintained by .the'habit of paying on the side of tlio hoad, and that fcbts habit liaspriniMnally resulted from itho gronf and increasing 1 weight of the brain. , Tun foreign biographical dictionaries «6cni to bestow more attention upon crime than upon genius. Larousse's "Dictiounnire Unlversol"—the fullest In the world now complete—gives four columns of agate type to John Wilkos •Booth, the assassin, and only a lino to Edwin, his brother. UN77EK tho now law in New York the ballots arc to bo numbered and porfor- (Rted, and as 8,000,000 will bo required, it Sa said that $50,000 worth of machines iwill bo needed to do that work in the Itwo weeks allowed for it. Under the .old law the printing of the ballots would not cost more than $3,000. IOWA STATE ...NEWS, The (Wrtmwft Coal Jhtlnno. Ten thousand visitors were attracted M Ottumwa to attend the festivities at th* soal palace, which was formally opened by Governor Boies. After music by the Iowa State Band and prayer by Rev. T)r. Ely, President Ballingall gave tho signul for tho machinery to bo sot i* motion. At tho same time tho American flag was unfurled from tho staff on the main tower and all the whistles and bolls in tho city greeted the event. Governor Boies congratulated Iowa on her palaces, which ho thought wore of incalculable good to her people. This, ho said, was a unique palace, because it brought to tho fore a hitherto overlooked portion of Iowa's wealth. THE TARIFF BILL, K«|>o¥t of this Confoffec* - THE celebrated Krupp Company, of Essen, Germany, has just finished the largest gun ever made; it is tho property of the Russian Government, and is made of cast steel, weighs 235 tons, and has a calibre of 13% inches, and a barrel 40 'feet in length; it fires two shots per minute, and each charge costs §1,500. LAWYER SHERMAN, of New York, has applied for another writ of habeas cor- ,-pus to prevent the execution of a man 1>y electricity. The judge before whom : the petition came decided very promptly :that execution by electricity is not in conflict with the Federal Constitution in being "cruel and unusual," or in any other way. MABY W. WHITNEY, professor of Astronomy at Vassar College, and successor of Maria Mitchell, advocates train- jing girls in the study of science with jthe express object of disciplining her [emotional nature. "The day is past," (She says, "when the principal object of ja girl's education is to render her pleas- pig,'" merely by emotional demonstration. ) A DOCTOI: in Soschow, China, placed a ffrog in a jar of flour and irritated it by [prodding it. The frog, thus excited, ,<Bxuded a liquid which formed a paste hpvith tho flour. This paste dissolved in •water evinced well-marked antesthetic properties. After a finger has been immersed in tho liquid a few minutes, it can be cut to the bone without any pain feeing felt. 1 A FULL-BLOODED Sioux Indian named C. A. Eastman has recently been gradu- (ated from Harvard and a dozen or more (Boston girls are apparently of tho opin- fton that he is too sweet for any thing. iHis room in tho boarding-houso is pret- ity well filled with pin-cushions, chair- covers, gloves and handkerchiefs, and ,tho odor of roses is likewise heavy in the air—all the work of his fair admirers. A feature of the episode is that to all tMs delicate attention the red man .is painfully indifferent. I THE southeastern side of Vesuvius is •now a point of extreme interest to tourists and men of science, not to mention hundreds of Italian people who have a •personal stake in the progress of the •mighty stream of lava that is flowing from a newly-opened chasm 500 motors 'in circumference. It is threatening to •descend upon the flourishing vineyards •of Boscoreali, and the feasibility of.di- •verting the flow into a great ravine is discussed. No ono can get nearer the stream than about seventy feet because ot the unbearable heat. IN sinking an artesian well near INevra, N. M., the workmen struck an •open seam at a groat depth, from which •a cold stream of air rushed with force enough to remove a twelve-pound rock ••laid over the opening. This ail was charged with millions of small yellow bugs, each having but two logs, no ••wings and a small rod circle on its back. They died on striking tho warm outside air. How did they get so far down into the earth? Verily, there are more things in heaven and earth than are un- flerstood in our philosophy. THE use of dry lubricants for bearings in places where oil and grease are objectionable, or whore contact with fire may occur is becoming* better undor- etood, and graphite in ono form or another is now in general use. It has been employed on various kinds of machinery with uniform success. Mica, also, in a dry, pulverized btato, has given satisfactory results in many cases. Self-lubricating bearings, consisting of metal shells filled with compounds of graphite or mica, have also been oper- Ated with complete satisfaction. THE kola nut, of which a good deal lias been said lately, is rapidly increasing in favor as an indispensable adjunct io a traveler's kit. The French Alpine plub has just adopted it as a stimulant ind nutrientin their mountain-climbing Expeditions. The nut has it is stated" been found to act most usefully in Strengthening a person's "breathing powers" and keeping oif muscular jfatigue. The Gorman military author- Sties have it is .said, determined to employ it in the Gorman army. Tho acting principle of tho nut is caffeine. ; ^S!g?*** ci * r »**^*"*^«"**"'»*»«™»i \ JOEL BENTON gives important information to parsons who expect to kiss the JQueen or be kissed by her Majesty. •"Persons of high rank, especially the ladies, have the privilege of being kiss- Ad by the Queen. Other ladies make a Jow courtesy and kiss the Queen's hand. 'If tho'Queen condescends to kiss an uu- "titled person, this person must not expect to return a kiss in kind, but must •only kiss her hand. Of course, a lady, before reaching the Queen must have her aright band ungloved." It is worth for Americana to know that they not have to kiss tho Queen's hand uu- to. Qtinor Case of Lunacy. A queer case of lunacy resulting froij the tobacco habit is reported from Wapollo. "Uncle Jimmy" Blanchard, an old and respected citizen, suddenly became deranged and developed an abnormal craving for tho weed, which he devours voraciously and with tho same gusto with which most people eat fruit and other toothsome articles of consumption. Ho eats it constantly, and gets away with about a pound of plug every day. He is showing the effects of the poison to a marked degree, and it is thought tho drug will ultimately cause his death. upon the Hie timu of Its A Girl's Hol-f ji)Io Futo. Miss Goorgi<f Smith, daughter of Colonel Dwight Smith, manager of tho Consolidated Tank Line, was seated in a buggy in front of her father's office, in Dubuque, when a runaway attached to a lumber wagon came down Main sireet extension. Miss Smith, in the excitement of the moment, jumped directly between the horses. She was dragged down the street, one of the horses stepping upon her stomach, kicking her teeth out and cutting her head. Miss Smith's injuries were fatal. Impurn Water Kills Cattle. Tho State Veterinary Surgeon, who has been investigating the mysterious fatality among stock belonging to E. L. Pratt, of Washington township, Webster County, finds that the deaths wore duo to poisoning from drinking water from a creek that had boen impregnated with cholera germs and other diseases, hogs and poultry having died from tho disease and the carcasses allowed to remain where the drainage would flow into #he creek from which the cattle drank. A Mysterious Death. A one-armed painter named J. C. Hamilton, who had been working at Cherokee some time, was found in a pasture south of town in great agony and died before he could be removed or account for his trouble. He was about 50 years old and at one time claimed to have been a member of the Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, and that he had two brothers at Le Mars. He had for some time boon drinking heavily. Nearly Caused a Riot. The Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City railway nearly caused a riot in Marshalltown by starting to l«y track on a certain street over which it had failed to secure the right of way. A crowd of citizens headed by the'mayor stopped the workmen from carrying out their orders. Revolvers were drawn, but no blood was shed. Killed by ail Electrical Wire. Jack Crockett, aged 19 years, a bill- poster for Foster's Opera-House in Des Moines, was killed while on top of the building witness&g soi#o fire-works. By some mischance he caught hold of an electric-light wire and received a fatal shock. His hands were terribly burned. Believed H e W«s Poisoned. George Marion, a farmer living neat- Charleston, died suddenly while plowing in his Held. Ho had just eaten his noon lunch, and he told a neighbor who went to his assistance he thought ho had been poisoned. Tho dead man's stomach has been sent away for analysis. News in Krter. The new Mississippi bridge at Burlington is to be 2,015 feet long. John Cerney, of Plymouth, aged 50 years, shot himself through i;he heart the other day. Miss Emma Freed, of Farmington, died tho other afternoon in great agony, poisoned by her own hand. Mrs. Charles Donaha, wife of a traveling salesman of Diibuque, committed suicide by hanging recently. Tho notorious "Stormy" Jordan went to jail at Ottumwa in default of paying a $500 fine. Tho liurdette Company, printers and binders at Burlington, is in financial difficulties. The National State Bunk has taken possession of the firm's plant under a chattel mortgage, Mrs. Runner died at her home in Adams County, aged 91 years. Wonzel Meeks, aged 82 years, was arrested at Dubuque on a charge of drunk and disorderly. G. 11. Cook, a young man living near Wintersot, committed suicide because of a love affair. A new State bank with a capital of §75,o;.u will begin business at Orange City, October 1. Captain 1. \V. Griffith and wife, of Des Moines, celebrated their goldon wedding with a largely-attended reception. Their fifty years of married liie have all been spent in Iowa. Benson's flouring-mill at Union was .struck by lightning and entirely destroyed, with '.(,000 bushels of wheat and considerable flour. Tho loss is £30,- UUO and tho insurance §10,000. Gc'orgu W. Hewitt while driving across the track of tho Ruck Island road at Des Moines was struck by tho ejigijio of a fast freight and died within a lew hours. Ho loaves a wife and two children.' Dotoctive J. C. Burkes, who has figured prominently in tho celebrated Ruiusbarger cases, was fired at by an unknown person at Marshalltowu. The shot missed the mark and the would-be assassin escaped. to t&ko Effect October G- A Itedrtctlbn of $00,000,000 (n tho HevoiiUe — prlitcN pal Alteration*. WAstirtfotow, Sept. 37.—Mr, McKin* '. e y (O.) entered the House at5:20 o'clock Friday afternoon with tho conferenoa report on the tariff bill, and was greeted with applause from tho Republican side. Tho report was submitted. Tho conference .report as .submitted provides that the law shall po into effect October 8, 1890 The Senate reciprocity feature is preserved lii the bill, but the date for it to go Into effect has been Changed from July 1,'iWl, to January The duty on binding twine of nil kinds Is put atMovon-tonthsof a cent per pound, und tho provision for Ui Is article Is made to apply to binding twine made In part from tstlo or Turn pico fabric, Manilla, Sisal grass ov sunn. Tho conference changed tlio lime for tho bonded period to go into effect to February 1. The provision'relative to the bonded period allows merchandise deposited prior to October 1, ISflO, to bo withdrawn at the present rules of duty before the time the period ;;oes Into effect. It in also provided that when duties lire basnd upon tho weight of merchandise deposited prior to October l the duties shall bo levied weight of the merchandise at withdrawal. Tho confcrrces, in their report, speaking of the effect of the billon the revenues, say that they do not believe that there is any material difference between the House and Senate bills in tlio matter of estimated reduction made in the dutiable schedule:), namely, $00,000,000, and their iiction has not materially affected that estimate except in tho restoration of the internal revenue provisions of the House, and on that point they say: "For tlio year ending June 30, IS'JO, tlio receipts from special taxes on the class of persons to bo relieved by the bill were (M,515,<I8I; from taxes on tobacco, $l8.',':5r),-lS-J. and from snuff. S?;;87:!| By the passage of the bill the. reduction in'revcnuo from tobacco will be Jl.581.STO and from snuff JlS<l,-i;t!, malting from tlip.so two sources un nggreyiuc of Si.TGii.iXW. Adding these llgurcs to the reduction which would follow in the abolition of special taxes would make the total reduction in tin; internal revenue receipts $B,8Sl,->84. The probable reduction by the customs schedules will probably be about WI.IXKI.ODO, which would give an HJJ. prosaic reduction by the bill of about $«0,ouo". COO. Ju the internal revenue features of the bill nearly all the House provisions of the bill aro restored. Tlio provision removing all re- (Urictions on farmers and growers of tobacco In regard to the sale of leaf tobacco iirc restored, ami a proviso added that the. farmer shall furnish on demand of any internal revenue otllccr a statement of Ills sales, etc. A line ot $ftoa ia provided for vlo lattun of this provision. Tlio lax ou smok- injj and manufactured tobacco and on snuff is placed ut li cents a pound. Opium manufacturers arc taxed Sio per pound upon opium manufactured in the .United States for smoking purposes, and only persons who are citfy.cns of the United States aro permitted to engage in its manufacture. The Senate amendment providing that nil special internal revenue taxes shall become due July 1, 1891, is retained. In tbe free list a number of changes wero made, most of them of no material interest. Kaw and manufactured bristles were stricken from the free list in conference. Tbe House provision placing on the free list American- caught fish except salmon, caught by Anjeri can vessels, etc.. is reinserted. The Senate provision concerning pure mineral waters is allowed to remain. Tbe paragraph covering ores of gold, silver and nickel and nickel matte is retained, with a proviso that the duty on the copper contained in them shall be i/i cent per pound. Among the other Senate amendments that were agreed to by the conference committee are those covering plaster or paris and ' sulphate of lime un ground, potashes, seeds and sulphuric acid, not over 1,380 specific gravity. Tbe can- ferrees inserted paragraphs providing for tu e free admission of feathers and downs for beds, peltries und other usual goods of Indians passing the boundary line of the United States,, tin ore, casstterite and tin In bars, blocks,, pigs or granulated until July l, ifiltt, and thereaJtet-as- otherwise provided for, and works of art by American artists residing temporarily abroad* I no sugar schedule provides that all sugars- not above No. 10, Dutch standard, all lank, bottoms, all sugar drainings und sugar sweeping:*, sirups of cane juice, melada, concentrated, me ada and concrete and concentrated, molasses and molasses shall be piacedi on. the free list. This is the House provision, subject, however, to tho restrictions ol tho reciprocity feature which empowers- th«President to suspend tho free admission, of sugar, molasses, coffee, tea and hides wider certain conditions. The schedule is amended so as to grant, a bounty of 1& cents per pound on sugar testing between HO and 90 degrees poiariseopo test, and :> cents on sugair testing not less than 00 degrees from •liily 1, 1801, to July 1, 1905. (The bill as passed by House and Sen- ulo grunted a bounty ot a cents a pound to sugar testing 80 degrees and over). Tho eon- lerrees agreed to tbe Senate amendments extending the bounty to maplo sugar and providing that no bounty be paid on tess than 5(M pounds. Sugar above No. 115 Dutch standard Is to pay 5-10 of a cent a pound duty, and l-io ot a cent additional!! the country exporting or producing it charged an export, duty. Machinery lor tbe manufacture of beet sugar is to be admitted free until July 1, JBUS, and any duty collected on such machinery imported since January 1, 1SUO, shall be rotundotl. Ulucosu i« retained at the Uouso rate-a cent per pound. The schedule is made to take effect April l, 1K01, with a. proviso that during Uic tuoiil.li of March sugars may be rellniMl in bond without payment of duty and transported in bonil and sold in bond- eU warehouses under tho provision of Hie exist • ing laws. Tlin schedule covering imported tobacco iinrt manufactures of tobacco is left as it passed the Senate. In tbe earthenware and glassware scheduto the House conferrees succeeded in retaining: nearly all of tbo House items in tbe act. 1'ancy glass is made dutiable at 00 per cent, ad valorem; colored glass bottles nt I cent per pound for pints, and \</, cents tor quarters and 50 cents per gross for bottles holding less than a quarter of a pint. Most of the House provisions relating to tbe metal and cutlery schedules remain as they passed the House, with unimportant Senalo amendments. Tbe reduced rates of the Senate on lire-arms- arc retained, as are also tbo reduced rates o.t the Senate on copper. In the spirit schedule, brandy, cordials, liquors;, etc., und spirituous (leverages or bitters containing spirits are made dutiable at K'J.IJU per proof gallon; bay rum, Sl.ft) per gallon; champagne and all other sparkling wines $H per do/on in quart boltlcs; ale, poiier and beer in bottles, 40 cents per gallon. The rate on undressed flax in lixcd at 1 cent perpound; on low of tt;ix orlicuip. '/, cent per pound; on cables, cordage and twine, except binding twine composed wholly of manilU or sisal grass, 114 cents por pouud; on cabins und cortlagc. rnadft of hemp, uy, cents per pound, tarred, II cents per pound; cotton bagging, valued at not more than (5 emits per square yard, 1 0-10 cents, valued at more than (> touts, I s iy cents. Two important changes made by the Senate In tho wool .schedule wero allowed to romuin. These provide that the duty ou woolen and •wiirsled yarns made of wool, worsted or tho hairs of animals, valued at not, more tliun :iil cents per pound, shall be dutiable at two uud a half limes the duly imposed f>n uuwashrd wool of the lirsl class, and in addition X, per cenl. ad valorem, and the duly on woolen or worsted cloths of ilio same standard shall bo three times the duty imposed ou luiwusbed wool ol the Jlrsl class. BEAT AXTELL'S RECORD. A Mile Covered l»y Nelson, Ilio Maine Stallion, ut Kaiikakee, ill., in ;:: 1 1 )-;», Thus I)t9lviit.ii!.r me |{«sst 1'iwiiuis Tiiu o by One-Halt Second. KANKAKICK, 111., Sept. 27.—Nelson, the Maino stallion, on L'Viday lowered the stallion trotting rucord for a milo by a, halt a second, iio making tlio distance, ou tho now kite-shaped traclc in -:11,U. The Lost previous record was 2:1'.!, held by Ax toll and inado on ilio fast track at Terro Jlautc October n, IbS'J. Nelson moved iu beautiful style and in ado neither a skip uo*\l Lunik of any kind. tho LAS1Y -fcy,^- T ^ *h« Vex«tl WotUU-FAlr Site Question Finally Beeldfcd-Wftihlrtfrtbn mid g«t Bdn ftttkt, the Mtldway .plAlmtttee and tlio Lftlto front Formally Accepted by National Commission—IrnlAa im* Coi-reotetl. CmoAQO, Sept 24.—.The sits question Is settled ftnd the National coramls- fctoners have gone home. The world's fair will occupy tho Lrvko tfront, Jack- sou and Washington Parks and tho Midway Plaisance. The plaisance is broad avenue 000 feet wide and about a milo long, connecting tho Southeast corner of Washington Park with tho northern half of Jackson Park, which it enters immediately south of tho pros- ent improved portion. Tho South Park commissioners mot during Tuesday morning and passed an ordinance allowing the use of Washington Park as an additional site for tho fair. Tho National commission at its meeting adopted resolutions formally accepting tho tender of Washington W1IE11E THE MAIN EXHIBITION WILL BE HELD. Park and the' Midway Plaisance, these Jands, in conjunction with Jackson Park and tho Lake Front to be regarded as the final site for the groat exposition. But ono vote was recorded against the resolutions -that of Commissioner Do Young, of California, who said ho was instructed to vote as be did. A resolution was also adopted declaring false tho reports being spread in Europe to tho effect that the World's Columbian Exposition is practically discredited by American newspapers, and is unworthy of the serious consideration of Europeans, and directing the officers of tho commission to take such steps as they may deem advisable to counteract the false impressions, and that a copy of the resolution be forwarded to the principal newspapers of London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Madrid and the other European capitals, and all other foreign countries. Commissioner Breed, of Massachusetts, presented a resolution declaring- that tho site question had been satis-- factorily settled!; that the comi»ittees and officers selected by the commission mot the approval 1 ol everybody, and appealing to tho citvaens of the limited States to contriftnuite generously to making the fair a glory to tho CTD-IHIOTOHI country. Tho resolution passed, A resolution opposin-g the opon-iwg! or keeping open of the-fair on Sunday was referred to tho executive committee- without debate. It was decided to. create a on grounds and buildings, which have charge and supervision of th©> grounds and buildings in sofara*the> commission may law-tolly exercise 1 authority. Tho National commission after adjourned. FLAMES AT COLON. fi*6liir.« Scene ftt'th 4*1*1 of Dillon unit 1 ^*}pi»«ftt*> i -l»rtWj» -AtWelt the At-ound tho Cnuft'ltooni-Jiiuij Injured. DUBLIN, Sop*. SO.-^Pfctftc'.k O'Brien, who wo,s arrested at Cardiff on Tuesday, was brought; to this pity Wednesday and placed in pHson, The police refused to give any information as to whon ho would be taken . to Tip- porary for a heading. ttut Into Wednesday night tho Nationalists learned that he would bo convoyed thither by the morning train, and they at onco made preparations to givo him a worthy esoort. Much to tho surprise of the authorities a largo delegation of-Nationalists boarded tho train ut the same timo ibat tho officers appeared with O'Brien. Among these wero John Morloy, who hns been in Ireland for some time studying the Irish question; John Dillon, Alfred Illlngworth, mombor of Parliament for Bradford; T. M. Iloaly, Commoner Harrington and several others. On tho arrival of tho train tit Tip- porary tho Nationalists started for the court-house!n a body. They hud not gone far whon they stopped at a street eot-nor and entered into a conversation While they wore standing in no way disturbing tho peace there, they wore ordered by tho police to move on. John O'Connor, member of Parliament from South Tipporary, took very vigorous exception to this order and showed his contempt for tho police by calling upon tho crowd, which by that timo had beoomo large, to give three choers for John Morloy. The cheers wero given with hearty pood will, much to the exasperation of tho police, who thereupon charged upon the group and attempted to force it to move forward. In the moleo that followed the policemen did not besitato to uso their batons. One burly constable aimed a alow at John Morloy himsolf, hut John O'Connor, who stood near, warded itolT. The Nationalists then continued l,h«ir way slowly toward the court-houso Early in tho day it became known ;hat still another arrost had boon made. The victim this timo was Thomas J. Condon, member of Parliament for Tipperary East. Ho was taken at Limerick and also brought to Tipporary. As it was t.ho day fixed for the trial of the arrested Nationalists, the streets of Tipporary were full to overflowing with people interested m tho case. When the hour for tbe sitting-of the court arrived aninumongo crowd had collected before the conrt-honse, ready to rush in tbo moment the doors were thrown open. The authorities thereupon decided not to open the doors to the general public, bwt to admit only tfiose who were immedisSely interested in tbe trial. The crowd did not take kindly to this treatment, but pressed forward trying to force a way mto- the eourt- horase. The police stoutly resisted, charging repeatedly wpore tho crowcli and using their clubs free!<y nn whoever happened to bo within reach-. Many of their blows took effect,, but the crowd: did n-od yield' instantly. For fully five minutes. th<ere was a stand-uip figh>t between the OF PROTECTION* Spreading Over the Wholti \Vot-ld-fiWfli Worttlngrtteti Watit M-tlif stetfc* tite to They Destroy Over *I,50O,OOO Worth of 1'ropei ty In tho Principal iHbh.imis evty.. COLON, Sept. 24.—Fire which broke out Tuesday morning caused) heavy- loss. It originated in tbe back part of the store of R.athbun- & Pratze on Bolivar and Fifth street, near the- electric- light company's building, wMcb, was- entirely destroyed. From the- start ta the time when it burned itself out near- the market the fl.r« fed- on im-| waoived. heavy mense quantities of alcohol,, spirits,, petroleum and other inflammable ma-- torials and was entirely beyond control.. Without interruption the fiamossprting- up in three directions — southerly/ through Bolivar and; Front stnoots,. sweeping away every business place;, store and private resictenco in th.e way;; westerly through Fifth, stroo-t to- the* Royal Mail premises,. Panama railway and general superintendent's offices, leaving nothing b«,t. tho> walls standing of. the latter,, and northerly to Fourth street, Tn all about, 150 buildings wero destroyed, including the post-office, Supreme Co-urt, Alealdi;i» municipality, the agencies of all tba steamship companies oxcep,b the F»en,eh> Company, the Pacific andi Royal Mail offices and part of the wharf, every business house of importance on Front street and all the hotels. The inhabitants were panie-striekea for awhile, but order was soon restore*!. No deaths and no casualties of a»y account have boen reported as yet Tito fire was got umder control at 7 a. m. Tho total loss is estimated at about $1,500,000. The loss af the Panama railway alone is calculated at $1GO.OOU. The cause ol tho fire has not yet boen ascertained. [Colon, or Aspinwall, Is a seaport in the United States of Colombia on the Asiatic st(U of tho Isthmus of Panama, forty-seven miles from Punuma. The harbor Is un excellent one, aud i» the landing plaee for several lines of steamships, the mails being transported across the Isthmus ut that point. Tbe ruilroad cou- neoting Colon and Panama was built In 1855, being tho outgrowth of Ihe California goltt «c- cilemeul,. T lie exports of the town are chicdv tropiciU *"»ts._ The population is ubout 3,000.] ivci- Carnival. Ja., .Sept. 3-j.— The river carnival hold on tbo -Mississippi Tuesday night was a scene of great brilliancy and drew thousands of people to t«o f-Jty. Jt is estimated that tiO.OOO porsons lined the rivur banks on this side, while half us many more viowud th3 pyrotechnics from the shore of Rock Island. At S:.W the tiring of a salute of sixty fft«>s bogan. At the same time 804 beautifully illuminated boats, discuarg* ing thousands of rouian candles, started down tbo river from a point a mile abov« the railroad bridge- A programme ot tlreworks from anchored bargos below ifce bridge lastud nearly an. now excited throng and*the police; At las-t,. however, tbe crowd' was gradually forced back, and the- police succeeded in maintaining a clear space in fro<nt of tbe- court-bouse; The lead'ers o.P tho crowd continued to. make- vigorou.s protests agivinst be wig- excluded from- th« court-house and the police wore- s-ubjee-ted to jeers and taunts, from, the angry and wounded victims of their recent onslaught. Bu-ring the comfl'Jct many person* tvere wounded with blows from tho policemen's bludgeons. One of the most serious cases was that of a m«n, some of whoso tooth were knocked out and: forced in.to liis- throat. Several! mem wero so badly hua-t as to require surffiual attendance. Among tbo wounded wero- Timothy Harrington, mombor of Parliament for-Dublin,, and a Mr.'Halifax.. Hofcto blows on. thfiir heads, which, bled profusely.. They made their way into- the' aourt-room as soon as they could.. But by th.at timo their hair ami. coat collars wero saturated with blood and they presented a pitiable spectacle^ Their appearance in court creatod a profound sensation and len-t additional emphasis the com-plain-t w,h<i«b Mr. YVi.liU.arn. O'Brien was making to. the court of th.fr Itoulality of the-poluioi. At first Mr. O'Hrion bad refused to enter the coujrVi'oom, unless the p«b- lic could be freely admitted, lie- maintained this attitude for some time, but at last decided that) h» eould accomplish more by appealing to the court, entered the- ro&tn and bitterly de-H^nnced tho wanton clubbing of the eirowii of which ho had •just been a witness, it was while ho was speakinw that tbo sensational entrance of Messrs* Harrington an-d Halifax occuri-ed. Then John Mortey rose and addressed the court, manifesting great agitation both in tone and manner. He earnestly appealed to tho court to protect tbe populace against the wanton useol the club by the police. Meanwhile the National leaders continued to protest against tho exclusion of the general public from tbo court-room. Both Mr. Morloy and Mr. Dillon appealed to Colonel Caddoll, the presiding magistrate, to reverse bis decision to keep the doors shut against the public. For some time he refused to recede from bis determination. Messrs Morloy and Dillon, however, continued to labor with him, and at last ho yielded tho point and ordered the doors thrown open. LOTS OF FRESHMEN. with Freghmeu H-.u-vai-a ana Yule Upon Clus>«s of 4'IO BOSTON, Sept. 20.—Harvard College opens with a Freshmanclassnumboring 400—the largest in its history. Tho large number of new students entering tbe advanced classes this term is particularly noticeable. NEW HAYKN, Coau., Sept. aa.—Tfea Freshman class tbat will enter Yale will be the largest that ever eutoiod tbe academic Freshman class, a»d wiU bay* 250 members, and the scienti&p Prssb.. wa» class will numbs* iftft. The pflHcJples 6f a protective tariff arc steadily galniHg ground 'hmdng- the laboring classes of all foreign countries, ttor la this gain confined to toe wa|f& earners. Manufacturers and ngricult* urlsts are , fast changing 1 their views and calling for clef ensiro legislatioii, The restlessness among the worklag- men of England particularly is growing daily. Ot great significance is the recent action of the Cimmberof Commerce of Manchester, heretofore the hot-bod of free trade and Cobdenism, in unanimously recommending the imposition of duties oh foreign products, in casag where these products compete with native industry, equal to tho fiscal burden borne by native producers. The Fair Tradb Leaguri has become a most influential organization. It is daily adding converts to its ranks. The Workman's Association for tho Defense of British Industries is a most potent ally in its endeavors to lift the burdens from the down-trodden laborers of the United Kingdom. In France the protective policy not only has a strong hold, especially among tho agriculturists, btitis steadily gaining in strength. There ismoro likelihood of greater duties being imposed than that any will be reduced or taken off. Turning to Germany, the low wages .of whose workingmon are held up continually «is an argument against the power of protection to secure and maintain high wages, we seo a most emphatic refutation of the charge just quoted. Gorman tariffs hare aimed to bo protective since 1830. The Customs Vorein is really the sire to existing Gorman unity and empire. But there was not until recently any skillful attempt to make the rate of duty proportionate to the quantity of labor involved in the product, as in the United States. In. 1880 this question was agitated, and on May 14, Bismarck, in a speech before 1 the Gorman Reichstag, said: "Because it is my deliberate judgment that the prosperity of America is mainly duo to its system of protective laws, I urge that Germany has now reached that point where is is necessary to imitate the- tariff off the United States." Germany adopted his views and advanced its tariff. What, is- the' result? The increase in wages has been almost: continuous since the increase of its- protective features. Manufactures haw sprung up on every hand, and Germany- has passed from an importing to an exporting nation. Of course, one' effect; being to greatly increase the number of employed, the per capita rate of wages* does not show the same increase as this country, though in comparison 1 with England it is most marked. Moreover;. Germany is now reaping the benefit OIK a, borne market; and as the German 1 workingman has economical tastes m dress and living, and as he can* buy c-heaper than his English, brother,, he i* d'oubly benefited by the existing protective legislation. Recent Government statistics show that the Iron and Steel Association of Germany represents 353 firms, with a capital 'of 82C2,- 000..000, and employes 235,000' men. Ten years ago they were represented by 880-firms,, employing but 151,000 persons. TBeir monthly wages have increased 5* per cent, and this rule of increase will apply to all Germany. Going north to Sweden we again see protection in the ascendancy, and with the usual result. Until ten years ago Sweden prospered under a protective tariff. The doctrinaires succeeded in. hayimg their theories adopted. For--a>decade both agriculture and manufacturing suffered, but in a recent election the chief issue was the tariff, and the result, was. an overwhelming victory for protection. The editor of the 'New York BTord Stiernen recently said: "l?or the first time in a number of years Sweden, seems to have awakened from.! the ab-- surd'ity of her position, and has oome'to thimlt that she should become a. manu-- facturor for herself, and not a mere producer and consumer of goods from others. I believe Sweden, is entering- now on an era of prosperity. Protection. Has built tho country up, and while. Sweden has neither the-ex tent non- tho variety of the United States, yet the stimulus which protection must giva. to the grain growing, milling and manufacturing industries cannot but be- fraught with good results." Even free trade Now South Wales,, wbieh has sneered at her,- protectionist, rival colony, Victoria,, for several years, past, at a recent test- veto could show- bat one majority ins her Parliament for the continuance of the present policy. The benefits that Canada has deuived. from protection are. too well known to- need more than reference. In other countries the situation is, similar, and the practical business! men. and the laboring classes are everywhere' combating tho theorists. Tho pninci- ples of a protective tariff and the advantages of a home market are more firmly demanded than at any previous time im the world's history. And no wonder. The eyes of th» world are turned' to tha United States, which has borne and suppressed the uaost gigantic war ol all history, has nearly paid off all the debt incurred by tbat war, has given employment to its own millions of worklngmeu and to a new half million each yeav of the unemployed of foreign nations. In spite of all, it has become wealthier and more prosperous, standing to-day at the head of all nations. Its citizens, be they wage givers or wage earners, possess more enlightenment, enjoy more comforts and luxuries, eat better food wear better clothes, and withal save more money than the people of any other country. Thu British Tariff System Outside of tho £19,971,101 collected by Great Britain last year as import duties on foreign merchandise the British, workingman paid no loss tham 3H,358,- 403 upon only towt artiolea—tea, coffee, tobacco and dried fruit—while^ the British aristocrat paid but £3,718,788 uq every thing; ^ 8 o dutiable, iaolttding pensive spirits, wines, etc, This is wonder t$ ^UiWt of

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