The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on September 3, 1890 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 3, 1890
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Ambrose A. Call, D. H. Hutching, J. C, Blacktorrt, President. Vice-president. Cashier. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, OTAiffonn.Iown. WOAPlTAl. 6/10,000.00. Money nlwtty* on fmnrt to Jonft at reasonable rated to purtlnn who can furnish first-clans security, c s Are the Best for Wear in the Market. FOR SALE AT THE Grang Note Heads and Envelopes. GET THEM AT REPUBLICAN OPFICE. J. Headquarters for all kinds of Tinware, Cutlery. All at Bottom Prices. Call and see me. J. F. GILMORE. YOU ARE INVITED TO SEE and BUY OUR Ladies' Shoes. Metis' Slioe.s. Boys' Shoes, Misses' Shoes, Kids' Shoes, Plow Shoes, Plow Boots. Kip Boots. Ctdf Boots. Fur Hats, Wool Hats. Stiff Hiits, Crush Hats. Mens' Hats, Boys' Hats, Misses' Hats, Kids' Hats. CHEAP, MEDIUM, AND HIGH GRADE. Largest stock in town at tlie lowest prices. Best rubber goods made. Good wearing hosiery. Beautiful dress goods. New styles of Ginghams. Custom made overalls. Coats' thread at four cents. We offer no snid« baits. "We, charge no fancy prices. We can .save you money. One price for town and country. JOHN REED.t flATTTTAM w « Z» Daugl&» Shoes are vnyilUll warranted, and every pair lias kin name and price stamped on bottom. 5tf. W. L. DOUGLAS $3 SHOE GENTLEMEN. Flue Calf and Laced Waterproof Gralu. n«J^S.f fSfK Ie « ce i ud we » rl "« qualities or tUls sUoe S^Sft. .*.r e Ji er sho "'n than by the strong endorsements or Its tuouiauiU of coustaut wearers. SjE.OO Genuine Ilaud-Bewed, an elegant and 9 stylish areas Shoe which uoimneudg itself. *4<OO Haud»iiewed Welt. A fine calf Shoo •* unequalled for style and durability. $Q>(K> Uoodyeur Welt U the standard dreu V 8 A°*.»' • popular price. S4.5O I'olieeinuu'n 8hoe Is especially adapted «9 for railroad men, farmers, etc. , rers, etc. All made In Congress, Button and Lace. «M»<« MWCM UMWIr *.*«»V4t4W»J *CVCU*t?U BU1W llllXUUUC&Q and tbe recent improvements make them superior to any (hoe* sold at these prices. Aak TOUT Dealer, and if bo cannot supply you send direct to factory euuloalug advertised pric«, or • ix*t«i for order blanks. Mr. I,, l>OVt g, HrocktM, F. S. Stough, Agent. THE CHICAGO AND NORTH-WESTERN RAILWAY Affords unrivaled facilities for transit between the most important cities and towns in Illinois, J^o a ^ Vl , S i Consl , n ' N ° rtller » Michigan, Mmne- W omin 1 '' l " Dakota, Nebraska and The train service is carefully adjusted to nU 10Cal Fast Vestibuled Trains Of Dining Oars, Sleeping Oars & Day Coaches, ItunniMg solid between Chicago and St. Paul, Minneapolis, Council Bluffs, Omaha And Denver. Pullman and Wagner Sleepers CHICAGO to SAN FRANCISCO CHICAGO to PORTLAND, Ore. WITHOUT CHANGE, COLONIST SLEEPERS Chicago to Portland, Oregon, And San Fraucisco. Free Reclining Chair Cars CHICAGO To DENVER, COL., Via C'ouncil Uluffs and Omalia. ,™? r ""' e ° f t««ns. tickets and all information apply to Station Agents of the Ohieatro & Nonli western Hallway, or to the General Passenger Ageutat Chicago. W, H. Newman, J, M. Whitman, Third Vice-rrest. G on '1 Manager. W. A. THRALL, Gen'l. Pass. & Tick. Agt. Farm andstock-Yard. JAMJES , . (Weas arc solicited from our farmer readers. Queries will be answered. Address to the Editor, James Wilson, Truer, lowa.) ALQONA, IOWA, SEPT. 3, 1890. I propose to write of the farm and Us departments for the readers of the AI.OO v REVUBUCAN. of the products at home, In transit and in market, what they compete with and what interferes with them. I do not pretend to know as much as many farmers who read this paper, but I hope to induce observation, encourage improvement, gather and condense for busy farmers what happens at home and abroad interesting to them. I will discuss what relates to the farm in any relation in life. Short articles on any farm topic will be quoted if pointed. I expect to be contradicted. Veterinary questions will be answered by a graduate in thfit science. My post office address is Traer, Iowa. JAMES WILSON. Early sowed oats thresh out best. The rowen or seed crop of clover is light. Examine last spring's tame grass seed____ Hit French wines as hard as France hit our hogs. Time to wean spring colts if they have .earned to eat oats. Bees fertilize clover, clover makes milk and meats. Keep bees. Plenty of fodder will help a light grain crop. Secure all you can. Do not sacrifice stock. Grain will be dearer but so will animals. If the cattle plague were stamped out : two cities in the East we could insist >n free access of export cattle to Great Britain. The critical time in a hog's life is when he is being weaned. Get him safely over hat with feed for growth and he is likely o grow to maturity. The American hog is rooting abput in ,he State department, and to get rid of iim Elaine urges Minister Reid to get the -orohibition against his entry into France emoved. Wheat will be higher, corn will be clear- r, oats will go up, dairy products will ell for more, so will meats of all kinds, because crops are short. Do not be in a !urry to sell. Now that Bismark is out of the way upp6se we send tlie Kaiser a few links of ausage to mollify him so he will treat American hog products like those from ther countries. Hay arid other foddeiArnife p and cheaper here. East and fceatj and smith of us they have been Uy in our grains with which to make butter an u cheese. Dear grate will greatly curtail the operations of our competitors in this regard. They could only operate With cheap ttraln. We will hate no cdrn to spare from the United States to other nations. Iowa will sell other states some, but our 1,600,000 cows will give the best prices for H, and our people have the Inside now in the dairying business. By all means stick to it. Let others quit. While we take the farmer's part where- ever he requires it and do our full share of growling, we do not agree with the commonly accepted theory that the Iowa farmer is suffering more from depression than any other class. Farmers west of us suffer because their climate ia too dry. Farmers east of us suffer because of the competition of our products. Iowa farmers used to pay for land with a single crop. They can not do that now because the competing farm has been pushed unusually fast, and with great crops prices have been low. That has changed to short crops. Heavy mortgagingdocs not usually hamper Iowa farmers. The census of 1880 shows a farm valuation of $667,000,000, assessed valuation. Qov. Larrabee found an aggregate of $71,000,000 of farm mortgages or about twelve per cent. Fully one-third of our farmers die every ten years and their successors mortgage to get possession. So mortgages como naturally to secure prime cost. Many Iowa farm mortgages were given to secure eastern owners, who sold to the present owners. Railway land grants were sold on long time to poor men and mortgages given. We have some bad managers who will not improve nor progress and who mortgage unhappily. There are farmers and farmers, but take us all in all we are prospering fairly well. ool 41,024 and aal- M * n and factored sums up to amouat td lu.-tTO.ot.. orts, free, will show igislation in Congress i:i °& sottw mare fruits and on "SSSf ^ ef , thla ^ Ott tn6 fa* dutiable Imports, sugar is the intjng to $69,787,284. . ...1 follows suffnr with and raw wool II The world's fair will be a good opportunity to show the world the excellencies of the farm products of the West. Chicago has provided everything for the fair but a site and money. Our fiscal year ends June 30. The facts about our foreign trade for 1890 are just obtainable. We exported $845,293,828 and imported $789,322,228 worth of merchandise, more than in any previous year. We will not hear for some time of overproduction. The decrease in crops this year will deplete stocks so that it will take some time to till them again. Russia and India have average crops. Some foreign countries suffer from too much ruin. Reciprocity is a taking word just now. Reciprocity with South America, where so much ia given, for so much. We prefer not to let in all South American farm products free. In exchange for the privilege of sending factory goods there tree. It would be rather one-sided. Dairymen are experimenting how to raise cream without ice. They find that by mixing the milk with hot water (it 130 degrees, setting the mixture in cool water at 45 degrees, the cream will rise promptly, and they find that by diluting the milk with spring water the cream comes asful ly as with ice. Later intelligence only confirms the reports of fearful disasters from drouth. Kansas will have 75,000,000 bushels ot corn instead of 275,000,000 in 1889. Nebraska suffers severely, Colorado, and in fact all the trans-Missouri states. We only sold a third as much corn last fiscal year as the decrease in Kansas alone. Iowa suffers a decrease to some extent all over, and most severely in the southern counties. fflCtfv Sold by L. A. SHEETZ. & ESf^Htfap^Besf IWQRK^ESPi/mAMME! NEW HCMt ptWIUG MACHINt C° ORANGt MA.5S 28 ST.MJUIS W ^^ggggjgg^ TAIUS.TEX. LOUIS LES8INQ, AUQONA. We do not think there is much that is unusual about this season. Telegraphs and signal service reports, and the interest taken in field crops bring facts faster to general notice. The outcome of the season will teach us that we must farm better. Plenty of farmers have good crops, but they are good cultivators.havc their farms rich, from long years of pasturing, crazing and home feeding of grain. Such lands defy drouths. Poor, illy- managed, robbed soils cry out the most in Iowa. People have no business farming in the American desert as we farm here. Conditions forbid it. We have HOW a very well managed signal service bureau in Iowa, that notes the effect of the weather on crops here and elsewhere. The July number reports corn better in Iowa than in other states of the corn belt, while it is short here. The crop in the country at large will be from thirty- three to forty per cent, below 1880 with favorable conditions during the remainder of the season, Some place tbe decrease at fifty per cent. Last year we had 3,SOO,(K)0,000 bushels. This year the total looked for is 1,400,000,000. Iowa will have one fifth of that. The dry sea- sou is advertising Iowa. The usual sheep talk for the last thirty years has failed to stock Iowa with sheep. We have heard of sheep as gleaners, .exterminators of weeds, scavengers in corn fields and all that. Iowa has no use for such sheep. Iowa wants the sheep that will turn grass aud grain into high selling mutton, a sheep that has met the requirements of civilization on Anglo Saxon lines, the sheep of English speaking people. The sheep that grows medium wool with fine mutton, that dresses 150 pounds or more. We don't need the brush sheep nor the desert sheep, nor the moor sheep. We want tbe sheep of heavy soils, of civilization. Short crops elsewUere favor the low* dairyman. Gwto to pieutier and - 1 " RK-SEEMNG. We have had a dry season and much of the spring tame grass seeding has been killed. This is the case particularly where the seed was put in late, where the young plant did not get time to establish itself before the drouth went deeper than its roots had. By looking carefully among the stubble you can tell to what extent the damage has been done. Some early sown grasses are all right. Some fields are half a stand while others are an entire failure. Now is the time to mend matters in this regard. Get timothy and what other seeds you desire to grow and sow at once. If you want permanent pastures sow all the grasses you can get, blue grass and mammoth clover included. Sow in proportion to the damage done by the drouth and harrow over. It is best to drag the harrows over the newly sown grass seeds. Some do not but it pays to do it. If the re-seeding is done at once the clovers will get a sufficient catch to live over winter. If you defer seeding until late do not sow the clovers until next March. If the land is in a rotation system do not sow blue grass, because it will not be useful saon enough. THIS POTATO CROP. Potatoes will be scarce, and they need not be. We can provide against a drouth nicely as far as they are concerned. Take deeply fall-plowed pasture land, say seven inch furrows. Harrow in a three-inch covering of manure and plant in the early part of May. Cultivate as regularly as for corn until the stalks cover the ground. Plant plenty. They are excellent for all animals, and when boiled or steamed will fatten hogs. They are good for growing animals, and in winter are grateful, raw, to a horse. When the East is short we can sell profitably. For late potatoes keep the ground in cultivation by repeated borrowings, or with the cultivator, until the latter part of May. Then plant and cultivate thoroughly until the stalks cover the ground. Potatoes will respond to good cultivation as promptly as corn, and will take care of themselves after they cover the ground on such land, treated as wo have described. We give potatoes little attention because they usually yield all we need with little attention. The United States has been getting potatoes in large quantities from other countries, especially from Nova Scotia. The pending tariff bill has a heavy duty on them, and this will equal the difference in the cost of transporting to the cities of the east from the west and Canada. Iowa could supply the world with potatoes. We can grow them for home use with profit. In fact the time will come when they will replace corn in the manufacture of starch. IOWA'S CAPACITY. Iowa has grandly boomed herself this season. The kindly soil that yields magnificently in good seasons and well in un favorable seasons is giving plenty as usual, while failure and serious decrease in crops is the order all around us. The state will forge farther to the front, as the natural home of everything of which grass and grain is the basis. Horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, poultry, dairy products. Iowa can grow a draft, carriage or roadster horse cheaper than any other country we know of. It can finish the export or other fine steer at a less cost per pound than any other country ou earth. Our people are turning to the mutton sheep, ransacking Europe over for the best. We can make the cheapest pound of mutton. The world knows Iowa has no equal in hay raising. We can make a pound of butter or cheese at less expense than dairymen elsewhere. We can produce the cheapest dozen of eggs or pound of poultry. Intelligent men here know all this. Wo have done no systematic advertising. These facts will not stay hidden longer. The poor fellows who are roasted in the American desert that is said not to exist, but does, are heading back to Iowa. East-, ern farmers who are being beaten at all points by the magnitude of our crops, aced not be told of Iowa. They are coming. It is being demonstrated that to irrigate in the desert costs equal to rent an Iowa farm. Our farmers, all thinga^on- sidered, have made homes easier and quicker than such homes have been made anywhere else. Our towns are filling up with farmers who have made a competence and have retired to take life easy. These things could only occur on such a soil as ours, with such a people as ours, in such a climate as ours, under such a government at ours. OUU l-'OKEKJX TKAPK. The fiscal year closes June 30 and totals are accessible. Our exports were 1845,293.838 and the imports $789,333,338, the largest trade the country has ever bad. There are many interesting features. The free list is about one-third of the whole imports—$365,688,499 coming in free. Of this list coffee is $78,267° and chemicals $26,814,390. Raw L comes next, $24,331,867, Sides follow with $31,882,086. India rubber $14,854,11% aud tea amounts to *12,S17,408. Silver bearing ores $7,754,879, Tin, about which we hear so much. «qp§f in free to tbe amount of MmMTw& 0 ____ —-..,-10,055. Flax, honip BDM lute, raw and worked up, took 148,365,868 This is worth considering from many standpoints. We waste more flax than we import In all shapes, and yet we pay <£%forty-eight miUlon dollars that should be kept at home. Our government has never given this industry such protection as it gives many other things. Jute is an East India plant. It is a substitute for flax and-hemp. It can be brought cheaper by sea to our eastern seaboard than flax fibres from the prairies can be taken there. The east wants cheap raw material and uses jute. Jute is now dutiable. It is to go on the free list. The bill for flax, heW Jute and goods made from them will likely be more than forty-elght million dollars in the future. We doubt the wisdom of this policy. Farmers, and American artisans 5™ o$ h , ave M 8 money. We paid $41,673 241 for dutiable tin last year, of all kinds. It is to have a higher duty imposed, so that this tin bill will be paid to $1?436X, b D uWe'se8 U $ A one hand washes tlie other in leather and leather goods, But all see that leather goods are dutiable, while hides are free. This needs changing, for leather goes up while hides are free, and less being imported in 1890 than in 1889. Free trade in hides does not keep leather nor boots So d /£S?5 d ° wn ', Our iron bill is only $2,415,714, all told. Cotton is our lead> ing export, $250,968,792. Provisions and meat products follow with $123,182:650 Wheat is next with $102,312,074. Corn and meal $48,554,894. We exported of iron, steel and goods made from them $25,432.208. Our cattle exported came to $31,261,131. and our dairy exports were $18,081,856, ' Wood and goods sold for $28,275,491, more than six times as much as we bought, and the exports of woods is larger than ever before. Our tobacco trade nearly balances. We sold last year over $25,000.000 worth and bought nearly $22,000,000. We quote to show how much is bought that might be produced at home. Breadstuffs all told sold for over $150,000,000. We will not have such amounts to sell in the coming year. Animal products sold for over one hundred and seventy millions. We can not sell as much in the coming year, because we have not such a grain crop to feed with. Eight million dollars worth of oil cake and meal was sold, that can not be spared wisely this year. One is impressed with the magnitude of the home market when we see how little is exported of all our factory goods, or farm goods either, for that matter, but the bulk of our exports is from the farm. The People's Infallible Rheumatism Remedy, the only positive and certain cure for sciatica, inflamitory, or chronic rheumatism on the market. It never fails if properly used. Ask your druggist L. A. Sheetz. 82-42 Organs. L. Leasing has several styles of organs which he will sell at low figures. Also sewing machines on good terms and cheap. 47-tf Only 15 Cents. Avail yourself of the liberal offer now being made by the publishers of the Sioux City Weekly Journal. They will send the Weekly Journal from this date until Nov. 16 for 15 cents. Nothing for the campaign is cheaper. Try this progressive and metropolitan weekly. Twelve pages, eighty-four columns, replete with the cream of the week's news, domestic and foreign, latest markets, etc. Ad dress the publishers, PERKINS BROS. Co., Sioux City, Iowa. Original Notice. STATE OP IOWA, i Kossutli County, f Kosie Allen- ' 189 °' Against Seymore Allen, Defendant. To Seymore Allan, Defendant: You are hereby notilied that there is now on , i *.?« ? mo ,r.ded substituted petition of the plaintiff lu tlie above entitled action In the office of the Gleik ot said Court, claiming of you a divorce from the bonds of matrimony on the grounds of habitual drunkenness and cruel and Inhuman treatment. And unless you appear thereto and defend on or before noon of the first day of the next October term .of said District Court, to be begun and holden at the court house in Algona in said county, on the 14th day of October, isoo, default will be entered against you, and judgment rendered there- DANSON BKOS., 47-50 Plaintiff's Attorney. > 3 3 rJ J J J. cf Jo w < ro ja •< $ ?o HH W H xj •fl ^ £ £ : t r» ; a g 8L i « O c Co I £ I 0 3 » ZH n ^^. "0 W SOLDIERS,™ Soldiers, Sailors, their Widows or Minor Children, who have homesteaded a 20,80,40, 60,80,120, etc,, any number of acres less than 160 acres, come and see the undersigned, and he will let you know if your additional homestead is good,, and pay you the high/^t cash price, and pay you 20 cents; per acre over and above all other bidders on your claim. THEO. F, BARNES, Lincoln, Neb,. Willis Hallock, Afft. at Algona. SHIP YOUR Butter. Eggs, Cheese, Apples, Pears, Beans, - •-— •• Peaches, Pears, Honey, Beeswax, Grapes, Hops, Poultry, Oorn.Oate, Wool, Maple Sugar, Lambs.Veal, Mutton, Yen' ison Wild Game, Dried Fruits, Potatoes Hay, Feathers, Cider, Vinegar, Fm-s, Skins, Onions Tobacco, Broom Corn, Ginseng Root. 80 tons live Poultry wanted. Will pay cash or sell on commission. Send for dally market prices.. W. H. P. ttnllaifl & Co. To and for the People.. Do you want a good, square meal? Do you want good, reliable insurance?' land? y ° U Want t0 tent a fam or grass ' Do you want to trade or sell your farm, or other property? J Do 7i° u Jwant to buv a f a «n or unimproved land on long time with but little- or no cash payment? Do you want to make a loan on your tarm at the lowest current rate of interest and fayorable terms? Do you want anything in a legitimate line of banking? For any and all of the above, please- consult It. M. .Richmond at the Commercial Hotel and Farmers' and Traders" Bank Block, Bancroft, Iowa. . p;. 9, 83, 14, iSjxT Write tf. T , 8$. Paul, Fast Mali lino with Vestlbuled Trains ' ««"«*••. s ...-.».,,.,„,, between Chicago. .Omaha and the Pacinc coast. Great,,Rational Route between Chicago Kansas C.ty aud St. Joseph, Mo. " u ™ KUt 870 n 0nl »"«'Sf,,?»'J? d ^!??'ta ft all principal Minnesota, .?L Passage and of the" or to any rail: R. Miller, A. V. H, Carpenter," fcen'l Manager. Gen'l Pass. & Ticket A't. information in reference to Lands vned £ y tlie CHICAGO, MILWAU- H™ L B™** COMPANY, write wfs U cons 1 in. LaDd Coraml8s ""»>r, Mil- Home seekers will find tlie last of I the public domain of agricultural B P««« and snuliiK value along the Gt I FF6G 2SteS. ln ^Uakotal T«T New Towns Lands, loti or more.aloug the Great Nor- tliern Hallway line. Business rite *' North Dakota and Mon- FlsMng. r Rates Montana produces the IMnest resorts lu America along Great Northern By. line in Minnesota, Dakota aud Montana. Hest climate foy health seekers. n vaileys and tJweet Grass Hills Ji Montana. Free Lands, New .-,-jivns, New Bali ways, New Mines, Low Kates. Largest area ... .of good vacant land. . Sweet Grass Hills, Milk and Siiif ^ , Rivey va leys, Montana, jeached only by the Great Northern Bail- pamdls Ue Stook Bals «" s Gold, COAL, Slieep JLhp regions tributary to Great Nurchern Bailway Line in Montana produce all the precious andi baser metals. New towns and, railways are being built. Go to the Great Reservation of Montana and get a good free homestead. IMVT rates and free sleepers on Great Northern B'y. Line. Go now. HERDS MINES RIVER, These have made Montana th& richest state per capita in the- Uulou. Plenty of room for more- miners aud stockraisers. Now is tb« time. Along the Great Northern Bail- way Line lu Montana are free ranches and pasturage, mines of precious metals, iron ana coal, and new cities aud towns. Now in your chance. YODN6 HAM! The valleys o 80{ ed Si' BWTpmidea by a flue agricultural aud B»M.lng country, close to mines ol precious metals, iron M»=ttmK;« Montana's ilidustrjal center. L Mouse, Mta- sourl.TaWailtf SuK Hverel " ""vU»er» B'y

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