The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on September 3, 1890 · Page 6
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, September 3, 1890
Page 6
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THE REPUBLICAN* •TAltit & If A.M,OCK, Publisher*. ALGOMA, IOWA Epitome of the Week. INTERESTING NEWS COMPILATION. CONGRESSIONAL. IN the Sonata tho tariff bill was discussed on the 25th.... The House discussed the conference report on the sundry civil bill and then adjourned out of respect to the late Kepresento- tlve Watson. THE conference report on the sundry civil appropriation bill was agreed to In the Senate on the 20th, It was agreed to close debate on tho tariff bill September 8....In tho House a bill was reported to prevent post-election frauds and an; violation of laws by which the United States la powerless to prosecute or to protect the rights of citizens who may bo candidates lor Congress. THB time was occupied In the Senate on the 97th In discussing the tariff bill — In the House Messrs. B«okwith (N. J.) and Wilson (Wash.) got Into an angry dispute and tho former struck the latter, when they were separated. The lard bill was again brought up, but filibustering prevented any action or discussion. In the Senate on the 38th twelve pages of the tariff bill were finished. The House lard bill was presented....In the House the conference report on the bill for the relief of the sufferers in Oklahomu'wos agreed to. The bill for the adjustment of the claims of laborers under the eight-hour law and tho lard bill •were passed. Tnn Farmers' National congress at Council Bluffs, la., on the 98th adopted resolutions demanding tbtit National taxation be limited to the wants of the Government, favoring the election d! United States Senators by a vote of the people and tho unlimited coin ago of silver, TiiEnn wore eleven fires at Tonawanda, Pa., on the 38th of inoondiary origin. THE Chicago and Ohio river committee of tho Central Traffic Association agreed oft the 28th to sell tickets for parties of ten between Cincinnati and Chicago at two cents a mile. AT the request of the Secretary of thft Interior Governor Wolfley, of Arizona, resigned his office on the 28th. RicirAttD T. GAKROM,, of San Francisco, was killed on tho 28tb by John M. Chonowith, who then killed himself. Chenowith owed Carroll a large sum of money. AT midnight on the 38th Otto Louth and John, alias Brocky Smith, murderers, were hanged in the Ohio penitentiary at Columbus. AT the National encampment of the Sons of Veterans at St. Joseph, Mo., on the 28th Colonel Leland J. Webb, of Topeka, Kan., was elected Commander-in- Chief for tho ensuing year. Mrd. Ella L. Jones, of Altoona, Pa., was elected president of tho Woman's Aid Soeioty. DOMESTIC. THE boiler in the flour and saw-mill of G. C. White, near Columbus, Ind., exploded on the 25th, killing three em- ployes and seriously injuring five others. AT a mass-meeting in New York on the 26th of tho striking workmen on the New York Central railroad Mr, Powderly said that the battle would go on, and that in the end the strikers would win. AT the session in Indianapolis, Ind., on the 36th of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Albert B. Prescott, o! Ann Arbor, Mich., was elected president. THE net production of pig iron in tho United States in the first six months of 1S90 was 4,615,837 tons, an increase of 754,653 tons over the production of the last half pf 18S9. EPSTEIN & WANNABACJIEU, wholesale dealers in groceries, liquors and tobacco at Savannah, Ga., failed on tho S5th for 8175,000. THE Granger's National exhibition was formally opened at Williams Grove, Pa., on the 26th. WIIILK sitting on the grave of one of her children in a cemetery at Carbondale, Wash., on the 26th Mrs. Mary Wilson and her infant child were killed toy a falling tree. ""v- OWING to the switchmen's strike in the Chicago stock yards the railway managers on the 26th dissolved the Stock Yards Switching Association and declared that no concessions would be made to the switchmen if every Chicago railroad and its connections throughout the' country had to be tied up indefinitely. AT a meeting of the world's fair commissioners in Chicago on the 26th it was decided to settle the site question September 9. * THE Kansas Central express was derailed on the 26th at Salt Creek valley, near Leavenworth, Kan., and five persons were severely injured. Two MASKED men robbed the stage on the 26th running between Dallas and Telluride, Col., but got little of value. A HUUKICANE on the 26th in tho vicinity of Lexington, Ky., uprooted hundreds of trees and a swath half a mile wide was torn through tho growing crops. FBEDEKICK DAVIS was hanged on the 26th at Birmingham, Ala., for the murder of his wife. THE Farmers' National congress opened at Council Bluffs, la., on the 20th. Governor Boies welcomed the delegates to the State. THE switchmen in Chicago on tho Alton railway struck on the 26th because of an appointment as foreman of a man they objected to. ADVICES of the 26th say that a strange disease had appeared among cattle near Marshall, Mo. Their tongues swell to an enormous size, and death follows in a few days. FIVE women were fatally injured in an electric car accident at Boston on the 27 th. NKAB Docatur, 111., on the 37th William Crawford killed Mrs. C. Mathias and then fatally wounded himself. He. was in love with the woman who was married. DUKINT, a wind and rain-storm on the "37th at East Union, O., several houses wei-e destroyed, and Rev. Stephen W. Archer, Dias Kirkbride, his wife and child, Mrs. Bell Dach and David Morse's child were drowned. THE boiler of a locomotive exploded on the 27th near Mansfield, O., killing and horribly mangling the engineer and fireman. ORDERS were issued at Washington on the «7th for the flag-ship Charleston, which had just arrived at Seattle, Wash., from Honolulu, to return immediately to that port to assist in the protection of American interests in the Hawaiian Islands. A NATIONAL organization of horticulturists was effected in Chicago on the 37th and the following permanent officers were chosen: S. M. Emery, of Minnesota, President; Captain C. L. Watrous, of Iowa, Vice-President; W. J. Beatty, of Pennsylvania, Secretary. A STATEMENT on the 27th of the crop situation in the South showed the largest cotton crop ever produced and said that farmers were less in debt than at any time for twenty-five years. Tlje cotton crop was estimated at over 7,500,000 bales, valued at $500,000,000. AT Independence, la., Roy Wilkes paced a mile in 2:09, beating all previous stallion records in the world. AT Middleborough, Ky., Marsh Turner »nd Steve Wannick fought a duel on the SiSth and both were killed. SALVADOR went a mile in 1 minute 85^8 seconds at Moninouth Park, N J., on the 28tb, breaking all previous records. AN orchard of 400 young trees near Martinsville, lad., had. on the 88tb been destroyed by grasshoppers that bad Stripped the trees of leaves and bark- PERSONAL AND POLITICAL. THE Union Labor party of Missouri in session on the 35th at Jefferson City nominated A. Huntington for Supreme Judge; Russell Fox for Superintendent of Public Schools, and Patrick Shannln for Railroad Commissioner. AT Washington on the 25th. Lewis F. Watson, Representative from the Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania district, died of heart disease. He ^as a Republican and was serving his third term. THE Prohibitionists of the First district of Illinois on the 25th nominated I. H. Pedrick for Congress. H. M. JOHNSON, the noted professional sprint runner, died in San Francisco on the 25th, aged 27 years. THE following Congressional nominations wore made on the 26th: Ohio, Sixteenth district, William McKinley (Rep.) renominated; Tenth, John Q. Smith (Dem.). Minnesota, First district, Mark H. Dunnell (Rep.) renomi- nated. Kansas, Second district, J. R. Chapman (Dem.). West Virginia^Third district, J. D. Anderson (Dem.) renomi- nated; Fourth, J. A. Copehart (Dem.). North Carolina, Fifth district, Charles H. Moore (Ind. Rep.). Pennsylvania, Seventh district, Irving P. Wagner (Rep.). California, Fourth district, W. W. Morrow (Rep.) renominatod. Illinois, Tenth district, George A. Wilson (Dem.). AT a State convention of North Carolina negroes at Raleigh on the 20th resolutions were adopted indorsing the Administration of President Harrison and asking for the passage of the Federal election bill. BENJAMIN WJLSON, of Boise County, was nominated for Governor of Idaho on the 2(5th by the Democratic convention at P>oise City. OHIO Democrats in State convention the 37th at Springfield nominated platform denounces the &8publtc4it Administration', demands frtse bolnftge of .slivef, favors the el#n%jnbufc Saw* de- •ftbunces alien laftd bwneflship, favors a liberal pension system and opposes all attempts to regulate by law the course of study in any private of parochial school, TTIB South Dakota Republicans nominated the following ticket on the 28th at Mitchell: For Governor, A. C. Mellette; Lieutenant-Governor, G. A. Hoffman; Secretary of State, A. O. Ringsrud; Treasurer, W. W. Taylor; Attorney-General, Robert Bollard; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Cortez Salomon; Commissioner of Public Lands, T. II. Ruth; Commissioner ot Labor, A. R. Smith; Congressmen, John A. Picklor, John R. Gamble. The platform indorses the Administration of President Harrison, favors a tariff that will protect laborers, manufacturers, farmers and minors against pauper labor of foreign countries, denounces combinations of capital to limit production or control the necessities of life, favors the Australian ballot system, and pledges the party to the faithful enforcement of the State prohibitory law. AT Detroit on the 88th tho Michigan Republicans nominated the following ticket: For Governor, James M. Turner; Lieutenant-Governor, William S. Linton; Secretary of State, Washington Gardener; Treasurer, Joseph B. Moore; Auditor-General, Theron F. Giddings; Commissioner of Land Office, John G. Berry; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Orr Schurtz; Member State Board of Education, James M. Ballou; Justice of Supreme Court, Edward Cohill. . The platform commends Harrison's Administration, the course of Speaker Reed, declares for a free ballot and a fair count, indorses the silver bill, commends the course of the party in temperance legislation, and favors such revision of the National tariff laws as will protect producers, laborers and farmers against ruinous competitions of foreign productions and cheaper labor. fh« of dolnB *ft«fe than It has done to hi <rf tftW, Mid Its iniftttity hfitrtvft ftti on Thaddeus E. Cromley for Secretary of State and George 15. Okoy for Supreme Court Judge. The platform adopted declares for a tariff for revenue only; for the suppression of trusts; favors the free coinage of silver; favors legislation that will secure the freedom and secrecy of the ballot. CONGIIKSSIONAI. nominations were made as follows on the 27th: Iowa, Fifth district, J. T. Hamilton (Dem.); Eighth, .T. P. Flick (Eep.) renominatei; Ninth, Thomas Uowman (Dem.); Tenth, J. J. Russell (Dem.); Eleventh, J. P. Allison (Dem.). Indiana, Seventh district, W. D. Bynum (Dem.) ronominated. Missouri, First district, T. M. Harrington (Rep.); Sixth, E. L. Redwood (Rep.). Ohio, Tenth district, John Q. Smith (Dem.). West Virginia, Second district, William L. Wilson (Dem.) renominated. Texas, First district, E. L. Augier (Rep.); Ninth, Roger Q. Mills (Dem.) renominated. Kansas, Second district, Judge Phillips (Rep.). THE Oklahoma Legislature convened at Guthrie on the 27th. THE Wisconsin Democrats in State convention on the 27th at Milwaukee nominated George W. Peck, of Milwaukee, for Governor, and Carl Jonas, of Racine, for Lieutenant-Governor. The platform denounces the Bennett school law, demands a reduction of the tariff, charges the Republican party with extravagance and corruption, and opposes sumptuary laws as unnecessary interference with individual liberty. THE Union Labor and Greenback parties of Indiana effected a union of their forces on the 27th and a convention will be held in Indianapolis September 2-5 to put a ticket in the field. A NATIONAL convention of the Greenback and Labor parties met in Indianapolis on the 37th for the purpose of forming a new party. TUB death of M. L. Bonham, an ex- member ot Congress, occurred on the 27th at Columbia, S. C. NEBHASKA Prohibitionists mot at Lincoln- on the 28th and nominated a State ticket headed by D. L. Plaine, of Lincoln, for Governor. THE Republicans of Missouri on the 28th nominated the following ticket at Jefferson City: Supreme Judge, Alexander Mullin; Railroad Commissioner, James K. Merrifield; Superintendent of Schools, Frank P. Sever. NOMINATIONS for Congress were rnado us follows on the 28th: Indiana, Tenth district, W. D. Owen (Rep.) renomi- nated; Eleventh, C. E. Briant (Rep.). North Carolina, First district, C. M. Bernard (Rep.); Fourth, A. Mclver (Rep.). Nebraska, Firsc district, K N. Chapin (Pro.); second; L. B. Palmer (Pro.). Minnesota, First district, W. II. Harris (Dem.). Illinois, Fiftuenth district. Joseph G. Cannon (Rep.) re- nominated for a tenth term. THE Indiana. Democrats nominated the following ticket at Indianapolis on the 28th: For Secretary of State, Claude Mathews; Auditor, J. O. Henderson; Treasurer, Albert Gall; Attorney-General, Green Smith; Clerk of Supreme Court, Alexander Sweeney; Superintendent Public Instruction, H. O. Voot- heee; State Statistician, W. A. Peele, Jr.; State Geologist, S. £ Gitrby. The FOREIGN. ADVICES of the 25th say that many disastrous fires had occurred in the frontier towns of Prussian Poland, and 150 families had been rendered homeless. AT Sunridge, Ont. the Queen's Hotel was burned on the 25th, and Thomas Powers and Herbert Layton lost their lives. BETWEEN twenty-five and thirty houses were washed away by a cloudburst in the Mexican town of Juarez on the 25th and two persons were drowned. THE city of Tokay, Hungary, was almost wiped out by fire on the 26th, and thirteen persons lost their lives. WHILE blowing up a pontoon bridge at Looga, Russia, ^ during the military maneuvers on the 26th eleven soldiers were killed by a premature explosion. A TKKKIFIC storm on the 27th at Trieste, Austria, caused great loss of life and property. Many wrecks were reported on the Adriatic sea, and the crews of several vessels perished. THE heat at Suakin, the English port in the Soudan, was on the 37th almost unbearable. The natives obtained relief by living almost constantly in the water. THE Cuban sugar crop was on the 37th reported to be 605,333 tons, an increase of 103,930 tons as compared with that of last season. FLOODS visited the plaza of Juarez, Tex., on the 27th, destroying fifty-five adobe houses and rendering seventy families homeless. DISPATCHES of the 37th from San Salvador state that a protocol of peace had been signed. LATER NEWS. IK the United States Senate on the 89th Senator Edmunds offered a resolution lor a recess from September 19 to November 10, but no action was taken. The tariff bill was further discussed, and efforts to have salt and wdol put on tho free list were defeated. In the House the omnibus Southern war-claims bill ($530,000) was passed. The Senate bill was passed constituting Cairo, 111., a port of delivery. At the evening session seventy-two' private pension bills were passed. THE City National Bank of Hastings, Neb., closed its doors on the 29th. The failure was attributed to poor loans. A JJUMHEH of houses in Cold water, Mich., were wrecked by a wind-storm on tho 29th and fences and trees were also blown down. WILLIAM BKOTHEBTON, of Johnstown, Mich., died on the S9th, aged 103 years. AT a Republican mass-meeting on the 39th in Watorville, Me., James G. Blaine spoke at length on reciprocity and how he would deal with foreign nations in framing a tariff bill. MJCHAKL MACLOINI and a colored man named Solomon were killed on the 29th at Wheeling, W. Va., by stepping on an electric wire. MANY Chinamen waje O n the 29th arriving at Victoria, B. C., with tho intention of smuggling themselves into the United States, GUSTAV WILSON was wounded at the battle of Metz in 1870. On the 39th the bullet was extracted at Hartford, Conn. TUB business failures in the United States during the seven days ended on the 29th numbered 189 as compared with 192 the preceding week and 311 the corresponding week last year; THE Tunnel House at Sarnia, Mich., was burned on the 39th, and a female employe was killed, and it was feared that two men also lost their lives. E. F. PAKKEB, a merchant of Mayview, Mo., was murdered in his store on the morning of the «9th by William Waters (colored), who was pursued, overtaken and hanged. Dit. OHVEB WENOELL HOLMKS, of Boston, celebrated his 81st birthday on the 39tb. THE Republicans made the following Congressional nominations on the 29th: Florida, First district, J. N. Stripling; Ohio, Twelfth district, W. H. Enochs; Wisconsin, First district, H. A. Coopejr; Arizona, G. W. Cheney. The Democratic nominations were: North Carolina, Eighth district, W. H. H. Cowles, (renominated); Ninth, W. T. Crawfofd; Washington, Thomas 'Carroll; Georgia^ Fifth district, It, F. Out It* "MetrtbSW the New York Central Cotttt>anr~fh« Position fit the Knlffht*, Bo*e>er, It Indorsed, and Tloe^Pregldetit JfOUnHlJr SWtJrCn •^ InlpOYfcwtftr . »t Albany, N. Y. TERR*: HAtJTK, Ind., Aug. supreme council Of the Federation of Railway Employes has decided' that no strike will be ordered by tho federation on the Now York Central system because, under the rules of the federation, no strike can be declared except lot a, grievance, against the road by one of the orders comprising the federation and tho Knights of Labor order iu not a member of the federation. On the subject of financial assistance to the striking Knights no final action has been taken. Another meeting will be had on that question. The statement glyert to the press explains the grounds upon which the decision is based, and warmly indorses the action of Mr. Powdorly in the present contest. Vice-President Webb comes in for unsparing condemnation. It is believed that the members of the supreme council individually favored a strike, but that the stringent laws of the federation precluded them from ordering it This action leaves the Knights of Labor to fight the battle single-handed, so far as agressive action is 'concerned. The decision was made public Monday night Late in the afternoon, however, the nature of it was indicated by the following dispatch to Grand Master Powderly: "ToT. V; POWDEKLY: The'-supreme council Adjourned this afternoon after" carefully eon sldering the strike In all its details. You will notice the result of our deliberations in to-night's dispatches, which it is hoped will meet with your approval. The committee was unanimous in indorsing your proposition and the proposition ot the grand executive board, and most earnestly hope that the right of which you are the champion In the great conflict on the New York Central may finally and powerfully prevail. "E. P. SARGEHT. President" The decision of the council is stated in a manifesto addressed "To all labor organizations, men and brothers." A synopsis follows: It recites the facts of the strike and the efforts of Powderly and.the officers of the-federation to have it arbitrated; the rejection by the New York Central officials of all overtures-to that end and the appeal of Mr. Powderly to tho federation to call their men out in order to force the Central to come to terms. The members of tho supreme council while in Buffalo and the city of New York had ample opportunities to thoroughly inform themselves upon all matters concerning the strike. They saw and beard both sides. They appreciated the gravity of tbe situation, and, comprehending the impending consequences to labor or ganizations, deemed it advisable to convene the supreme council for deliberation and such conclusions as facts should warrant. The manifesto then proceeds: "In making their report to the council the members who went to New York to confer with Mr. Powderly found all the statements made by him fully corroborated by the facts. In an interview with Mr. Webb he refused to entertain any proposition looking to a settlement of the difficulty. He would not arbitrate any question nor make any explanation or concession whatever with regard to the discharged employes. He claimed the right to discharge employes at will without making explanation or giving to the victims ot his power any reasons for his despotic action. He would manage bis road to suit himself, without reference to any rights claimed by its employes or any rights claimed by labor organizations to interfere in the matter to protect their members. "The council, having heard the statement of its members who had visited New York for the purpose.'bf ascertaining the true condition of affairs, exhaustively discussed every important proposition and arrived at conclusions as folio W6! "1. That the position of the Knights ot Labor as set forth by T. V. Powderly, General Master Workman, and the general executive board of the Knights of Labor meets with our unqualified approval. "2. That the course pursued by H. Walter Webb toward Mr. Powderly and the Knights of Labor, notwithstanding his declaration to the sontrary, evinces a purpose to disrupt and destroy labor organizations on the New York Central & Hudson River railroad, as was done by Austin Corbin on the Philadelphia & Reading. '•a That the policy of H. Walter Webb is despotic to an extent that outrages every principle of American citizenship, and if generally adopted would, if successful! reduce American working-men to a degraded condition. "4. That H. Walter Webb, by the employment of Pinkerton thieves, thugs and murderers, vile wretches from the slums and brothels of New York and other cities, to kill working-men because they dared to protest against bis rule and strike for their rights, has participated In a crime ot such onorm'Xy as will associate the name of H. Walter Wenb forever with those who, dressed in a little brief authority, have used their money to secure jjower to degrade their fellow-men. "6. That the resorts now being put forth by H. Walter Webb to destroy the Knights ot Labor would, were circumstances changed, In like manner be made to destroy the organizations of engineers, firemen, conductors, trainmen and switchmen, and if successful it is only a. question of time wben a similar effort will be made to ueal the fate of other labor organizations. "6. That H. Walter Webb, by the course be bus pursued toward the Knights of Labor and th>; representatives of tbe labor organizations, has shown a total disregard of those principles of citizen sovereignty desired by every American worthy of the name; and, considering only his money power and the corporate power of the company be represents, his acts, which speak louder than words, say, in the language of W. H. Vanderbilt, once the autocrat of the New York Central: 'The public be damned.' "7, H. Waiter Webb seeks to support his arrogant attitude toward working-men and labor organizations by assuming that the New York Ce'ntral & Hudson- River railroad is private property and that his acts in the treatment of his employes is In no sense a matter of public concern; that he can with impunity discharge men and remand them to idleness and poverty and render them homeless wanderers without giving any reason or explanation whatever for bis conduct; disregarding the fact tbat the corporation for which be plays autocrat is a thing created by laws in the making ot which the men be seeks to degrade havo a voice, which, unified, will bring bis corporation to the bar of justice, where his millions and the other millions he represents will cease to bo potential in deciding questions ot this kind. "In view oi t£e foregoing facts the svp'remo council puts upon record Us unanimous and unqualified apurovul pf tbe strike on the Now York Central for tho pause set forth by T. V. Powdorly, as also the efforts made by Mr. Powderly to bring tbe strike to tin honorable termination. la tjiia general expression of approval ot the action of tho Knights of Labor the course of YlW-Presi- dent Webb is unequivocally condemned. The power of the supreme council in tbe matter of the strike has been exerted to aid the Knights oi Labor, through their representatives, to secure tbe recpgni$oa o.f tjjelr order by the officials of a rich, and powerful corporation. In this the council «aet witft failure owing to the autocratic attitude of H. Walter Webb. It now becomes accessary for tbe supreme oounoU to eay that, owing to the fact that tbe order of tbe Kulgbts ol Labor is not a member ot the i^Oer&tlon of 8*uwi»y Em- ploj «#, the It) vs «t i&e ARTHUR'S POSITION. Theft follows ft statement of the blroum- stances under which strikes may bo declared and now grievance! ate managed In tbe feder- otlon, another Indorsement of the Knights in Hkteir present struggle with the central road, •nd an approval of tho action of Messrs'. Sargent, Howard, Wilkinson and Sweeney of tho supreme council in responding to Mr, Powderly's request to confer with; him and the executive board of tbe Knlghht ot Labor in tbe, matter of tho strike. I»OWtJffiBl>Y HlSAItS THE MBW8. ALBANY, N. Y,, Aug. 86,—-A reported showed General Master .Workman Powderly tbe dispatch from Terre Haute saying that the strike would not be ordered by the federation. Mr. Powderty said that it was the first intimation he had received of such action, but declined to talk, saying that it would not be policy for him to make any comments upon it until officially notified. He did not seem to bo very much surprised or downcast at the result. Secretary Hayes said: "If tbo dispatch is true it means a single-handed fight with the Knights doing the fighting and the other organizations aiding financially." V.'ZIAT MR. WEBB SAYS. NEW YOUK, Aug. 20.—Vice-president Webb heard the news that the supreme council of the United Order of Railway Employes had at Terre Haute declared against a strike. In reply to a question he said that was the only wise course to take. "There was no principle involved in which they could be interested," said he. "The entire trouble was local in character and had nothing further to do with organized labor. Whether the Knights of Labor will now take further steps will make but little difference. There are only a few Knights in the employ of the New York Central." Later in the evening Mr. Webb said: "It is a queer commentary that the supreme council of tho federation can find no grievance upon which to order a strike, yet it has censured the New York Central and its officials. They also decline to give any support to the strikers, but appeal to th6 public to furnish it. This, I think, embodies all that I havo to say." It is now said hero that possibly the next move of the Knights would be to boycott the road. Incase a boycott is declared it is also said -that the interstate commerce commission will undoubtedly be requested to investigate the matter with a view of proceeding against Mr. Powderly, the general executive board and the master workmen of the district and local assemblies of the Knights of Labor. ALBANY, N. Y., Aug. 26.—The general executive board of the knights of Labor hold sessions here Monday, together with district assembly No. 24(5. Mr. Powderly closely questioned every delegate present who had >oen discharged from the employ of the New York Central road. There wore about twenty of . these. All had been working for the road for from three to twenty years. They denied tbat intoxication or in- competency could bo truthfully put forth as a cause for tho discharge oJ any of them. Three of them .said they would make affidavit to the fact that previous to their discharge they had been asked by an official of the road whether they were Knights of Labor and had replied in the affirmative. Their discharge followed immediately after. It is claimed many facts were brought out which tended to show that the discharges were the result of a preconcerted plan to drop all the prominent leaders in the circle of the Knights. A preamble and resolution were adopted calling upon the State Board of Arbitration to order a prompt investigation of the existing difficulties, saying that the strikers were ready and anxious for one. A BIO MASS-MEETING, ALBANY, N. Y., as.—The mass- meeting at the rink Monday night was one of the largest labor gatherings ever seen in this city. Fully 4,000 men attended. " Addresses were made by Messrs. Devlin, Wright, Maguire and Powderly. The latter was received with a perfect tumult of applause. He advised moderation in speech and action. The strike was already won and he proclaimed it a victory. No man could say the cause was wrong. Justice was with the men and with justice came public sentiment, and that was what was wanted, for some day in the near future that public sympathy would knock at the State capital and show that tbe State had acquired tbe rails of the road through this strike. Mr, Powderiy then asked if any member of the Brotherhood of locomotive Engineers was present. If there was one be spoke to him, and he called upon that order to array themselves on the side of labor despite their unworthy chief. It was not untU P. M. Arthur took charge that such nefarious doings were made public. The order must soon show its hand despite its bribed chief. He explained that tbe Reading strike was not a cause of grievance with tbe engineers, for the Knights bad not only kept their hands off but had helped them, The Central road was refusing freight, although it was the law of the State that they should take all freight offered. 'The law should descend, and, instead ol calling out the militia seisje the roa-ifor refusing to do its duty. He called v pon the men not to stop until the Pinker xms are driven out by legislation «ie hoped they would persevere in tueir vork and go on as they have done despite other organizations' refusal tc- help. At the conclusion of bis remarks Mr, Powdorly offered the followiug ? evolution, which was adopted by ft storm oi unanimous approval: "Bftoleed, Tb»t it is the sense 01 this meeting tbat tbe introduction of an armed force Ifl the State ot New York in a time of peace ia W outrage against tbe laws ol pijr violation of every law of humanity, be forever stopped at the ae^t 3 Legislature pf New York State." After the mass-meeting Mily and bin associates repaired the Stanwix Hall, t.ho f eneral executive Twaj-d iyaji desid* <m a division -•*••<----' In A f ltd Chief of tho Loeoflrtotlto tt«pll«» to l»o»«lofly'» tihaff « ter td a fft«ml. Niw toft*, Attjf. 28.— 'The lotted giteti beioW was written fay P. M. At' thur, Ohtef ErtRiiiecif tit the dfftnd International Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, tott. H. Holm aft, an engineer on tho Third avenue elevated road. Th& letter Is in response to one on the subject of the New York Con tral stf ike, and is the first utterance rtf Mr. Arthur which fully defines his position toward the Central strikers and the Knights of Labor. Mr. Arthur reiterates his statement made some days ago that b.« does not consider the letter of Mr. Powderly which appeared in the newspapers a private one, nor will he answer letters that reach him in that Way. Ho continues: "It is unnecessary for Mr. Powderly or any one else to ash me to define tlio position of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers in tbe present trouble on the New York Central &. Hudson River road. The policy of tbe Brotherhood Is well known to him nnd the public, as it- has been repeatedly explained from tbe public^ platform and published in .the newspapers. "He says some tune ago: 'I ,teiograplied him (meaning me) that J would meet Mm in Glove- land, and when I arrived there' t could ncit. find him high or low. I learned that the telegram had been received by him, but mjr efforts to lo«- oate him were fruitless. 1 "Now, the facts in tho case, as near as I can recollect, are these : Borne four years ago I received a telegram from Powderly requesting me to meet him at the Union depot in Cleveland on the arrival of n certain train on the- Lake Shore rood. Owing to my absence from the ofllco I did not receive the message until after the departure of the- train and so informed him by letter,. addressing It to him at Scranton, T do not believe he stopped over nnd looked for me. If he had he would have had no difficulty In finding mo at my office or at my home, as I am always atone or the other when at Cleveland. He tells a willful falsehood when be says. other leaders have been unable to find me when. they tried to do so. Any man who tries to find. me when I am in Cleveland can do so with very little effort, and no man, whether a leader or a. private In the ranks of labor, over came to my offloe that he was not treated courteously. "While I differ with men as to tho best, methods to bo employed to secure certain ends,. I have always been liberal enough to concede* to every man the same rights and privileges E ask 'for myself. When the present trouble on the New York Central first occurred E advised the engineers to abstain from all. participation in it and to attend striotly to their own business. I gave the stime advice when the strike, occurred on the QouUT. system a few years ago. .My advice to. the Brotherhood of Engineers when men employed in other branches of railroad service have been on a strike was to mind their own business and not do any thing that did not -properly belong- to them as engineers. Can Mr. Powderly say tha same? I think not. "Whenever the engineers havo been on strike- we never asked any other labor organization to assist us. It Is true some members of the order- during the Chicago. Burlington & Qutncy strike importuned the switchmen to quit, but they did. it on their own responsibility, not by tho authority of the organization. Consequently I hold.. that we are perfectly justified m maintaining- strictly a neutral position when others are engaged in a conflict with their employers. "Mr. Powderly accuses members of the- Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers of tak ing the places ot striking firemen. If tbat is true the division of wh(ch they are members will deal with them. It is not within tho : prov- Ince of my authority to deal with individuaV members. ' "I wonder if Mr. Powderly had tho Knights expelled who took the places of our men on the. Chicago, Burlington & Quincy. "Yours fraternally, "P. M. ABTHCB, G. O. K.' v THE SOUTH'S PROSPERITY. The Value of the Products This Year Will Reach 1*1,000,000,000. BAt/riMORK, Md., Aug. 28. — Tho Manufacturers' Eecord's annual review of the crop situation in the South notes- the largest cotton crop ever produced and states that farmers are less in debt than at any time for twenty-five years. For live years the cotton crop has steadily increased from 6,505,000 bales in 18861887 to from 7,500,000 to 8,000,000. the estimate for the present crop. The price has advanced with the increase ia production, the total value of the last four crops, including cotton seed, being- about $1,500,000,000. The value of this year's crop is estimated at $500,000,000, thus bringing the total value for live years up to $3,000,000,000. While cotton has thus been adding so enormously to the Southern wealth corn, wheat, oats, tobacco, rice, sugar, grasses, fruits and vegetables have made great gains, and while some- of these crops — corn, for instance— will this year fall a little short of last year this difference in the corn yield v.'ill be more than counterbalanced by higher prices. From, all over the South bankers write of the "best outlook for farmers since the war." The record shows that in four years the South has produced about 28,000, 000 bales of cotton, 3,000,000,000 bushels of corn, 200,000,000 bushels of wheat and 315,000,000 bushels of oats, tbe total value of these and other 'agricultural products reaching the enormous aggregate of nearly $8,500,000,000. With a cotton crop worth about $500,000,000, a corn* crop that will yield 8350,000,000, #76,000,000 worfh of wheat and oats, added to the rye, sugar, tobacco, vegetables, etc., the South's agricultural products will this year reach at least $1,000,000,000, or about $400,0uo,000 more than ia 1880. ' _ _ __ THE UOCOMOTIVE BURST. Two Trainmen Killed by the of the Holler on an KUiKia? Near flejtl, Q. MANSFIELD, O., Aug. 38.— The boiler of a locomotive on a freight train on the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio railroad exploded- while the train was running six miles east of thh> city. Engineer Albert Graham, of Ua^ lien, a»(j Fireman Joseph Murphy, pf' Urbana, wqre injtftntjy killed and hprrl^ bjy mangled by tho explosion. FJr? was communicated to oil cars |n tb» train and fifteen of them were destroyed. * a., -with heavy 3 to 6 p. m. At fcto east fork of Duck we're Wffihje4 away U»lon,

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