The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 9, 1890 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 9, 1890
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Page 7
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The Who fal tdlfatd fhet* Stock forth* li«it Price*. question of when to sell ttte A/ 1 W,*u j. i i 4 *~~ —- ~ -—««** *v*. iij.nji.-ji.cu 11 v» -*Bf whloh *°° mftn y farmers fail to fe- , ftliae the importance of. The atiswer is found to be: "When the price which pays a fair return for the labor and capital invested is offered." With horses, as with every thin* elbe which the farmer has to sell, the object is, of course, to get the highest market price. But the aveTage farmer can not afford to speculate in horses any more than in any thing else. If he is not "horse poor"—burdened with more animals than he can keep busy—he can afford to hold his surplus stock for paying prices. J * A mistake too often made is to hold too high. If a man pays $26 for service fee and loses the work of the mare for a time the value of that work must be added to the cost of the colt. If the lost time amounts in all to a month (which it seldom needs to) at 81 per •day it would add $J5 to the cost of the , colt, making the first cost $5t). The first summer the food of the colt—oats and pasturage—would amount to say $10. Tho mare's grain ration would need to be increased, and therefore it would be fair to place the figure at $20 as additional expense. This would make the cost of the colt up to the first winter $88. During the winter $15 for hay and oats would more than cover the cost, if the value of the manure is figured. On this basis, at one year old the colt has cost $103. The second year will bring the colt up to $125 and. the third year to $150 at the out- aide. Now there is $150 invested, and to soil the colt at that figure means no profit. At ten per cent, the $150 would earn in three years $45, but it has not all been invested three years. The cost of labor invested amounts to but a small item, and if the colt is sold for $195 or $200 at throe years of age, he pays handsomely for the capital employed. The foregoing figures of cost allow for waste and accident. With proper care and economy of management, but still liberal feeding, the cost of raising • the colt would be cut down to $100, which, added to tho service fee, would make the colt stand tho owner $125, at three years of age. The time to sell that colt, then, is when a fair price can be had. If $150 is offered, the farmer can generally afford to refuse it. If $175 is offered and refused, tho farmer simply speculates, as $50 is a good profit—Farm and Home. SHOEING. Ifta « aft Important Subject, There is no part of the ho*Be whteti »6<iuifea eaeb. close attentlofi and so MutSh cate as the feet, says ftol fttn- widdia In the Rufal New Yofkef, and In many cases on the farm it would aeeai that there is no part which receives so little. I will describe briefly what 1 consider to be the best form of shoeing insitch cases, first treating of the ani« tnal which is free from lameness and whose feet and limbs are yet in a sound condition, and then of the animal already lame or blemished. '' The shooing of horses is often spoken of as a ''necessary evil," and perhaps we may justly look upon it as such. While less shoeing of the farm than of the city horse is required, the proper performance of an operation ought to receive due consideration. The nature of the soil will, of course, have some influence in determining tho amount of shoeing necessary, stony ground approaching somewhat to the character of the city pavement, being harder on the feet and on the shoes. Colts until they are put to work require.no shoes; but their feet must be occasionally attended to In order to prevent deformity arising from irregular wear. - It sbmetimes happens that when pastured.on soft ground the wear of the g'round surface of the hoof is disproportional to the growth, and this occurs chiefly at the heels where the natural slope of the wall Is more nearly perpendicular, and a tendency to contraction Is thereby induced. If neglected, this is likely to lead to permanent contraction or deformity of the hoof. The remedy consists in removing the excess of growth at the heels with a knife and restoring the hoof to its proper proportions. The opposite condition does not Practical Pogt Holder. The illustration herewith shows how to secure posts and hold them in proper alanfc or position while sharpening. This method gives Jree use of both hands in handling the axe, so that quicker and better work can be done, and with greater ease than by the "old way." To make it, procure a medium pole, at least twelve feet long, with a food open fork, prongs a foot long, and HOLDKB FOB SHABPBJfllfG POSTS. where the poles rest upon the cross make a notch, to keep from slipping. The cross is made of a couple of split rails (or 2x4-inch scantling) bolted to- .gether at the cross by bolts with washer- taps, and lower ends of cross sunken in the around just enough to keep from spreading. Use an old railway tie or •something similar in size for the pointing block, and always use a sharp axe— a regular "Keen Kutter."— Orange Judd Farmer. _ _ Another Experienced Breeder Npeuki. Seeing that all have had their say on lumpy-jaw I should like to give my theory. In the first place it is caused by cows kicking their calves when they have sore teats, inflamed udders, or when flies are very bad. The calves get some fearful blows on their jaws, at which time the seed is sown but may not develop until eighteen to twenty- four months old. Prof. Law seems to think It dangerous because he inoculated calves with pus from an ulcerated jaw. Why not inoculate a calf from some old sore from a horse, cow or other animal, and inject pus into an artery? Why should they not then die with blood poison? In my thirty years' experience I never bred one that had a lump on its jaw, and I never saw a lumpy-jawed bullock that was fed by hand when a calf. Tho majority of lumpy-jawed • cattle come from the Western States, where the calves run with their dams. Where cows are looked after it is hard to find a, case of lumpy-jaw, While a butcher, in my early days in England, I saw but very few cattle with Jumpy-jaw. It is about time that the "vets" should find some legitimate employment rather than to be creating *Q»nj new scare, so tha| our English cousins may make "mountains put of mole bills,"— John Hudson, m Breeder's HOUSE SHOE. FIG. 1. often occur in unshod colts, the growth at the toe by its direction in reference to the ground tending rather to spread outwards and lead to vertical cracks or fissures. To prevent the extension of these-to the soft -tissues above, it is necessary to trim off this superabundance occasionally either with the knife or a chisel. These abnormal conditions are most common in the fore feet. Colts object to having their feet and limbs handled, and therefore their education should be begun early so that their timidity in this respect may be gradually overcome. When the colt is put to work on the farm it is customary to leave the feet unshod for some time, and, I believe, unless the ground is hard and stony, that this practice has advantages. It enables the colt to acquire command over his limbs while at work, and to obtain a steady gait before being cumbered with shoes to which he is unaccustomed. After a little experience in work, the fore feet should be shod while the hind feet in ordinary soil maybe left bare during the summer. I have never seen any evil results from this except when the colt was used on graveled roads. In this case shoeing all around is imperative. As for the kind of shoe to be worn, I have no hesitation in pronouncing in favor of the flat shoo without calks on heel or toe, concave on the ground surface and flat on the surface which contracts the sole, as shown at Figures 1 and 2. Whatever difference of opinion there may be about the use of this kind of shoe in city work, there is no room for doubt a£ to Its ad vantages when worn by the farm horse. Too and heel pieces on shoes are intended to give the animal a better hold on the ground when pulling heavy weights on paved streets, and they do this only at the expense of interfering with natural conditions, and are a common <?a,use of lameness arising from sprained tendons and ligaments. The flat shoe supports the sole when pressed down by the weight of the body at each step; being thin at the heels, it allows the frog to come in contact with the ground, and thus diminishes concussion arid slipping whilst the latter is also to a great extent avoided owing to the concave under surface of the shoe, Shoes more, or Manure la the Orcbard. r Bryant, director of Horticultural Experiment Station No. 1, at Princeton, HL, trltfd the effect of manure 04 some young' Duchess apple trees just coming- into bearing. Thjsa f ^ Q9 , weP e all aeac together, a»d in^lofed. by %n*ld orohju-d, lw$ the grpun^l wh»ro fluey were planted bud never two in ofcha^l before but in grass fop toe y^p*. ft» applied av« good loads pf wsnujre to §%Ut pf the trees*. Bight of the other trees the <*ame size pn, manured, were ujad, fbe manure wan a»pjte4 *»a $«% pi wuy, 1SS9, As tUe s^ww * w » moist with « reasoa»bl9 W pni y of aj,de of those t mmi 4 8, less similar to this form are worn fcy horse* on some of our street-car lines where slipping frequently qaours, There is »p reason why the aid, c}um» sy and badly ftttingr shoe with raised faeeh and toes should be used an farm hordes, except it njay be that the country sb,ow ^ ignorant of any mjtbQd except tbat whleft has oome down to hj,m frqro hia forefathers, This, then, is ajil the shoeing whtob, in wy expe^i e » W| \$ »|y tot faf® Work.on4if4in.ajry If* w«0h wojfc on mud iro&de is to on tfee Wad feet. Here therS is less oh* Jeoiion to the use $f .hoes with uiodw- at» oajjw, altfeoujffc J«0« <&n h* said in their HORS6SHQESJ*®K LUCK, <ttmk*M:»ft Profit tZtg&t by *n Odd Pane? Old M ttt* ftiltl, "Never take the nGtteshoe ftotn th« door" is the tdvtce gif«in in a recently JWpular sonff, which jMfefiept is followed by the injunction tnftt While there tfa« pit of iron will surely, bring good luck, Be this as it may, there are certainly many thousands of people who to-day, while perhaps not superstitious in other-things, are either helievers in the adage, or else, for the sake of effect in ori$me,nta- tion, employ the horseshoe as'an emblem of good luck by giving it a prominent place in household decoration. The great fad is to pick up the horse- shoo in the street, and he who is thus "fortunate" is suppdsed, according to superstition, to secure extraordinary luck as long as the shoe remains in his possession. But all are not thus favored, and in order to secure a shoe a visit to the blacksmith or junk-man is found to be necessary, making it esneci- ally profitable to the latter, A visit paid to a junk-shop at the West End a few days ago showed to what an extent this craze has reached. Among the odds and ends there classified were exhibited some hundreds of horseshoes in various conditions. In reply as to the final disposition of the shoos the junk-man said: "I am not in the habit of selling them to blacksmiths or foundries, for ihe reason that I can make more profit in selling them to private parties for the purposes of ornamentation. In that pile there are many shoes almost new. They are brought to mo by bbys who pick them up in the street, by my collectors and others. I sort them over and get, on an average, ten cents apiece for them, according to the fancy of the buyer and the condition of the shoe. Who buya them? Why, from the number of people who have patronized me I should say almost everybody. One man to whom I sold a shoe keeps it in his money- drawer, and says that has made his business good, but I guess that his own strict habits have had something to do with it. It is funny how a superstition will take hold of people. Eich as well as poor are believers in tho horseshoe. Go into the home of the former and you will find the horseshoe i-n its place over the door, handsomely gilded or otherwise ornamented, while a visit to the latter will find the shoe over the door, but in the same condition as when purchased. Another thing about the horseshoe, according to tradition, the shoe must be hung with the open side up. so that luck will fall into it from abov.e and find a safe resting-place. Should the shoe be hung open side down it will not catch luck as it falls. So it goes, my particular luck in the possession of so many being the handsome profit which I derive. I know of a former 'old maid' who had waited long and patiently for a husband, but, up to a.cer- tain point, without success. She bought a shoe one day hung it over her door and to-day is a wife. Have a Shoe?" said the junk-man as the writer turned to go. "Thanks," was the reply, "I have two hung up at home."—Boston Herald. - The Coronet* of Nobility, French .Counts have nine equal pearls in their coronets. The British Baron is entitled to a coronet of four big pearls. The English Viscount has a coronet of seven pearls of even size. The Earl's coronet shows five small pearls and four strawberry leaves. The English Marquis is entitled to three strawberry leaves and two large pearls. French Marquises bear three strawberry leaves and two clusters of three small pearls. French Viscounts are entitled to a coronet containing three large pearls and two smaller ones. French Barons are not entitled to a coronet, but to whai is called a tortil, a circlet of gold having a necklace of tiny pearls turne.i three times around it. The German Prince's coronet is very peculiar, with its graceful curves of pearls, its ermine circlet, and the globe and cross, indicative of an imperial grant. It is used' in all countries on the continent, with or without the interior velvet cap, and is allowed on y to descendants of sovereign families or members of the higher house of parliament.- -London Standard. Almost a Reproach.. Texas Editor—A Mormon editor is in jail for supporting four wives. Wife—You say he was an editor? That's the way it reads. And he supported four wives? Just so. Well, : don't believe it,—Texas Sift- inars. THE MARKETS. NEW YOHK. LIVE STOCK-Steers......... W 00 Sheep.,....,, ........... ,,.485 Hogs ......... , , , ..... 4 00 FW>UR~Goqd to Choice.,;."! 81ft Patents .......... ........ . 4 WHEAT-NO. 2 Rod:::. ... * *-"-"- July 7. fin 6 00 ©540 (31 4 25 $480 JjARD-tWestera £ team 6 00 H " w "»-W»Ww» Creamery. ^ CHICAGO, dowii'. —-<»««»»•-»« Feeders..., ,.;... s : Butchers'Steers ,,..,,.. si Bulls , g i *1O ri.... *"i_-.».i A. '.";*' JJ - S oo 300 BROOM CORN- Hurl Crooked SSS6 T< ?F S ~ NP w <* w • "•"•"• • J * PORK—Mew.,..,.,.. i +WHtf* 4 35 Butters' Straights OBAlH-Waent, NQ. s Corn, No. 8 Oaw, No. 8 Ryq, Na. 3 Comwoa FoBolng. Lath-Pry SMILES says: "I never studied the 'ftrt of composition. I read a multitude df the best books, and from that 1 sup- psse I learned to compose." s AtrgTiuuA is the "banner" sheep- teislhg country of the world. The exports of wool last year amounted to 281,,000,0(00 pounds, against 122,000,000 pounds from South America. ' i "How long did it take Noah to build the ark?"; asked the teacher. "Dun- tto," came the answer. "Why don't you?" inquired the teacher sternly. '"Cause," replied a five-year-old young- liter, "I wasn't there." , TEACIIEH—"Freddy, you may go to 'the principal's room and see if he Is in, and then come and tell me." Freddy (on his return)—"He ain't there." Teacher (severely)—"He ain't there?' Freddy (correcting himself)—"He is Went out." A MULCH in dry weather prevents th Slin from extracting the moisture the -plants need. To keep'an inch of the surface stirred is the same as to haul on leaves, straw or other mulch. The loose (Soil is a mulch to that below it. through Ve§tlbule«l and Colon I* t Sleeper* Between Chicago and Tacoma. Wash, and Portland, Ore. The Wisconsin Central and Northern Pacific lines run through Pullman Vestibuled and Colonist Sleepers between Chicago am Tacoma, Wash., and Portland, Oregon. The team known as the "Pacific Express" leaves tho Grand Central Passenger Station, at the corner of Fifth Avenue and Harrison Street it 10:45 P. M. daily. For tickets: berths ir Pullman or Colonist Sleepers, etc., apply to *EO. K. THOMPSON, City Passenger am Ticket Agent, 205 Clark Street, or toF. J SDDT, Depot Ticket Agent, Grand Centra 'assenger Station, corner Fifth Avem «d Harrison Street, Chicago, 111. , THE hand that rocks the cradle is the land that goes through a man's pockets in ;ne wee sma' hours.—Munsey's Weekly. Children Enjoy .The pleasant flavor, gentle action and Otning effects of Syrup of Figs, when in teed of a laxative and if the father or lotner be costive or bilious tho most grati ,-ing results follow its use, so that it is the beet family remedy kndwn and every fam jily shouldWe a bottla J "HE a pillar of the church? Why. he's ja perfect fraud." "Sort of a pillar-sham.' |—N. Y. Herald. l..i£ n' P AB: ??B. Fredonia, N. Y., says: "Shall not call on you for the $100 reward,?or II believe Hall's Catarrh Cure will cure any case of catarrh. Was very bad." Write |aun for particulars. Sold by Druggists, 75o. TRUTH may bo stranger than fiction, bu as a rule it isu't half so entertaining.—Bos f on Traveller. . Si* Novels Free, will be sent by Cragin & jCo., Philada., Pa., to any one in the U. 8. or (Canada, postage paid, upon receipt of 25 'Dobbins' Electric Soap wrappers. See lisi of novels on circulars around each bar. PEOPLE who wait for what is offered gen erally have long spells between meals.— Milwaukee Journal. | BEAD carefully what is said in next week. issue of this paper by J. C. Shipley, of Mus catine, Iowa, about Shallenberger's Antt v dote for Malaria. If you are a sufferer i may be of interest to you. • CLERGYMEN are like railway brakemen in one particular. They do a great deal o coupling.—Rani's Horn. • • PAIN from indigestion, dyspepsia and too nearly eating is relieved at once by taking ™ e . ff Carter's Little Liver Pills imme? oiately after dinner. Don't forget this. > > BESTADHAXT-KEEPERS are alwa5'S ready to steak a man when he has money.—N. O Picayune. . THE dearest spot on earth is the summer resort. In comparison, there is no place like home.—Sioux Citv Journal To REGULATE the stomach,llver and bowels anttpromoto digestion, take one of Carter'i Little Liver Pitts every night Try them. AN Austin shoe-maker is writing a book, _ here will probably b " notes.—Texas SLftings •*•*.*! **M«1U4*4. 9«4U*?-UlC«jn.Ul. ID W4.Olt.llfy tt UUUK* There will probably be a great many foot- +\fitf\et rp n .. n f. ct:^fij-_ —_ * • BEST, easiest to use and cheapest Piso's Remedy for Catarrh. By druggists. 25& «A EACE WITH DEATH J» Among the nameless heroes, none fire more worthy of martyrdom than ho who rode 4own the valley of the Conemaugh, warning the people ahead of the Johns- towR flood, Mounted on a powerful norso, faster and faster went the rider, but the flood was swiftly gaining, until it paught the unlucky horseman and Bwe.pt on, grinding, crushing, annihila- «ua»'hQth weals and strong. la the same way is disease lurking near, lUs» unto the sword of Damocles, r faa,y <£ fall, without warning, OQ its nmm, who allows his system to be* come 4<>8rged up, and his blood soaed, and thereby his health e gered, fo eradicate these poisons froin ttie, eyftfem, no matter what their nam» or nature, and save yourself a spell of wajari«, typhoid or bilious fever, or OTPtkm«, pw«l)injers, tumors ancj ^in- dlgflgurements, keep the Uver,4ncl fteajthy and vigorous, by tlie , Pierce's GoWcu Me<llc4 Pis- |f s the only plood-punflor io!4 Yo^r money is returned if U exactly as recommended, ' vegetable ' extras^ SaW inlarge bottles, %t $1.00. iU. l.»tt BK UP TO THE MARK WATERPROOF COLLAR M ClfFP THAT CAN Btt ftBU&D OM BEARS THIS MAftIC MARK. NEEDS NO LAUNDERING. CAN BE WIPED CLEAN IN A MOMENT. THE ONLY LINEN-LINED WATERPROOF COLLAR IN THE MARKET. P ISO'S REMEDY FOB OAl Cheapest. Relief Is inu Cold in tho Head it has no equ _ -Best. Easiest to use. A cure is certain. For CATAR R H It is an < nostrils. : ] For Old and Young. Tntt»» liver Pills net as fclittdly on tho .child, the <l«Mcate female or Infirm old «Hf e, as upon the vigorous mail. Tun's Pills giro tone to the weak Btomach, bow* els, kidneys and bladder. To these organs their strengthening qualities are wonderful, causing them to perform their functions as in youth. Sold Everywhere. Office, 44 Murray St., New York. TREATED FREE. POSITIVELY CURED with Vegetable Remedies. Hare cored many thousand oasos. Cure patients pronounced hopeless V the best physicians. From first dose symptoms rapidly disappear, and in ten days at » woSSTnlA'SS- 0 *.^ 11 jyn>Ptoras are removed. Send for FREE BOOK of testimonials of miraculous cures. Ten days treatment furnished free by mail. If you order trial, send 1O cents In stamps to pay postage BK. H. II. OHEEN A- 8OA8. ATIiAMTA, «A. WHAMS THIS PAtElt««T Urn. jouTOtfc ELEGTROTYTING S -A.3vr>— TEREOTYPING OF THE HIGHEST GRADE PROMPTLY EXECUTED BY A. N. Kellogg Newspaper Go, We offer to our Customers and The Trade generally the most satisfactory work passible in these branches. Our facilities enable us to turn out work very rapidly, If you desire to release your type on some large job, send It to us for either stereotyping or electrotyp- Ing, and it will be returned to you promptly and In good order, We make a specialty if Newspaper Head Ings and Cuts, and have the largest assort' ment In these lines to be found anywhere In the country from which to select. A, N, KELLOGG NEWSPAPER Co,, SBS fc 870 DEARBORN ST., CHICAGO, ILL. 834 ft 936 WALNUT STREET, 8T, LOUIS, MO. 71 ft 73 ONTARIO STREET, -CLEVELAND, OHIO. 177 ft 179 ELM STREET. CINCINNATI, OHIO. 401 WYANoorre STREET, KANSAS CITY, MO. M ft 4O JEFFERSON ST., MEMPHIS, TENN. 74 TO 80 EAST STH STREET, ST. PAUL, MINN. DELIGHTFUL * VACATION ' TOURS Tourl.t Ticket*, both Rlngle a&4 round trip, are now pn sole via the LAKE SHORE ROUTE O. S. ,fe H. 8. Kr.) TO CHAETAUQUA, NIAGARA PALIS. TOBONTO, -THE ST. LAWBENCE BITER, THOUSAND ISLANDS, MONTI THE WHITE MOUHTAINS, POBTUWftT BAB HABBQB, Etc., Etc. WOBLB. . CHAUTAUQUA! To which Bpecial Excursions wtt too nw during «W season, 8e»4 fe* Tourist B^lOw, C, K. WILBJ3B, W, Pcss. Ag«t, ' GOLD MEDAfc, PABIB, 1878. W. BAKER & CO.'S tettf pttre it it soluble. No Chemicals are uied in lt» preparation. It ht» more than three amet tot itrtnsth of > Cocoa mixed with Starch, Arrowroot. , or Sugar, and it therefore far toon i economical, aaUngleu Own ant cent. 1 a cup. It !• delicious, noarlihlog v Ritrengtheiilng, EASILY DloESrxiv land admirably adapted forlnvalidti Iai veil a* forpcr»on« In health. -Sold by Grocers everywhere*. W. BAKER & CCLDorcliester. Mass. IT IS USE1I ly DHEN'S Cmf.. | Thousands of joung men anft women In the U. S. A. o»» their lives ond their health and their happiness to Ridge's Food! their dally dipt In Infancy nud Childhood having been ' food. By Druggis fttti^mJfmmmmmtStfJa Ridge's rood. By Druggists I3r IS THE I.K.iniNO FOOD 1.1 36 cents up. WOOMJICll ALL CyrSTKlKfi. «fc CO., Painter, 3Iu««. DEPENDENT PENSION BILL hag become a Jaw. $13 Per MONTH to all honorably discharged Soldiers and Bailors of the late war who are tocapacltated from earning a support Wi'o£w» the same without regard to cause of Seath. Dependent Parents and Minor Children also Interested. Over ^,,^ e t ars -experience. Eeferences to all ports of the- country. Ko charge 1C unsuccessful. Write at once tar^ C .? y M Lta 7v T££S£« and fnl1 instructions ALL FBEB Conlr.?* AJ'Hg^H,* ««MSncc68sors to Wllllant Conard &Co.) ( p. o. n ox 71,-^ .WMlUmrton, D. O. WNAME THIS PAPER tvtrj Om, Jm write. .; .. J /= PENSIONS tXWSSBH I.D.C. THE andji-atorhel ' PENSIONS PENSION Bill 8oldle ™' en and Fathers NEW PENSION LAW I gw.ooa nainoB to be added to the Pension List, B: jodted and Delayed Claims allowed. Teonniealt PATENTS [Si*ii>lF Won. JTBW Write inamedJateJy tOf PENSBONSi .DulTnewrwWeS , Palpitation iniUc»te r and iiarbingcr . mwn COBP; pEPscr TROCHES «»Tttfi EEST IS tm THRESHERS IW AUiT«4I «Upf>4#V

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