The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on June 25, 1890 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 25, 1890
Page 3
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SCHOOL GRADUATES -Ait Interesting Class of Eight Take the Degree of Bachelor of Didactics. ':TwelveMoreCommercialGtoad- uates—Synopsis of the. Orations Delivered. CLOSK OK THIS NO11MAI,. The commencement exercises which closed the fourth year of the Northern Iowa Normal School took place at the •Congregational Church Thursday afternoon. The decorations wore much the those of the High School excepting the mottoes. The Didactic class motto was " Firsts in action* eon• sifitil."— Virtue consists in action— and was hung above tlie stage-, the same being,in white letters. Just at the time the exercises were to- open a storm came up but soon passed; over. The church was comfortably lllledand the audience received the speakers with rounds of applause. Tlie program opened with an invocation by Kiev. "VVolfe followed by a line piano solo by Robt. Chrischilles. Then came the class orations all of which were good .and creditably delivered. We can. only .give a short synopsis. Marian TJiomas, of Humboldfc, found a beautiful theme in "The Sea Refuses .no lliver," ;and it was full of rich, bright thoughts. The opening paragraph reads: . The universal mind of man is a sea into which is poured all things, true, beautiful and enobling. Instruction 3s to man what cultivation is to the plant. Befusing.this his faculties of knowledge, reason, judgment, and voluntary determination would remain wholly latent, or if exercised, would, like the product of the uncultivated plant, be wild and worthless."'eme of the oration then ran along'the.line of man's receiving help from every possible source and by patient effort to make tlie most of :v .power given him. She traced ecline of literature prior to and the .fall of the lloman empire and ^ gradual rise again by receiving iy possible river of intellectual im- vement.aud closed as follows: "The universal mind of man contains 1 knowledge ever developed by the individual annul .of iBan. As the bright sparkling spring on the hillside llows.into the river, thence is delivered to .the ocean, so a beauliful thought from some noble mind is given to a portion of humanity where it is .taken up by ,the universal mind, ex- S inded and put into universal practice, ooks are .crystallized portions of the .sea, and .iu the libraries which are collections of these crystallizations, we have the thoughts of the wisest men of past iiges ready to be received into the sea of life for tlie increase of .its riches. Thus it is that we, living .in this extraordinary present age, have at our disposal tlie products of .ages of thought and hard labor. It is a distinct trait in the very nature of man to think, to reason, to compare, and to explore truth through its material and mental labyrinth^. Vapors rise from the ocean and are brought .back in rivers. If the ocean were dry there could be no vapors and consequently no rivers. Through tlie acceptance of these grand truths we have • a generation of men whose virtues will .save the coming generations." Collie Chubb clxose for his oration the "World's Fair" and did himself Justice, lie traced the custom of celebrating great events by feasts and triumphal pageants down to the modern way of industrial exhibitions. He traced the material progress of America from its discovery to the present time and declared the fitness of a great exhibition to commemorate its four- hundredth anniversary. lie said of the origin of industrial exhibitions: "In England during the old feudal iimes the peasant class originated tlie custom of meeting at their villages •on a certain day for tlie purpose of dis- phaying andexchauging their industrial products and of spending a day of social enjoyment. At last some enterprising person, wishing to secure a superior specimen of some article, offered a prize therefor. Soon the custom of offering prizes became general and from this the Jfrenchman, Marquis de Areze, probably got bis idea of the first extensive industrial exhibition, "which he successfully managed at Paris in 1798," lie characterized these exhibitions as vast object lessons for the benefit and instruction of all people. They were also great advertising mediums, and •while celebrating the discovery of America we should not forget the discoverer, lie then paid a glowing tribute to Christopher Columbus and closed by an imagionary picture of the coming fair. He saw all the varied products of mechanics, arfc, science and the natural products of the earth "all mingled in one vast array. Mingled but not confusedjcoarse but not repulsive, fine but uot insignificant, majestic but uotovervyUelming,miniat;ure but not trivial—nature and art,man and all in one vast array. Who would behold,,it? attend this won science on the one side and desire and passion 6ft the other. Temptatibm and sin lies in man's malevolent desires, Desires are of two kinds, benevolent and malevolent. Enlarging on these she desdribed their Several forms. She told of man's will power and his responsibility for actions done and declared him the greatest victor who conquered self. Speaking of the influence of early training, she said: "The home is a wonderful influence. It may be the influence of good or it may be the instigator of evil. It is there where the child is taught to lisp its innocent prayer to God or there where the heart is alienated from all that is pure and good. The most distinguished warriors, the most eloquent ministers, and the greatest benefactors pt mankind owe their greatness to the influence ot the home. Did not the Spartan mother give character to the Spartan nation? Her lesson to the child infused tlie iron nerve into the heart of. the nation and caused her sons to live behind their shields or die upon them. And had the central heart of (spartan homes been that of a Christian mother that nation might today have adorned the brightest page of history, toi ' b .ev influence filled them with a patriotism which was stronger than death. It man would conquer the enemy at home he would have little occasion to go abroad, for he is his own worst enemy. He lays the snare tor his own feet, and plots as it were Ins own ruin. * * The first element which man should seek to establish in his moral character is purity. ft 01 ' IV^ the lirst ste P in ft spiritual life, the Alpha of the' ' * ' " soul which lias was subject of John Adiwms' oration "Prejudice," and la was ably He characterize* prejudice as- a phenomena, which, easting/ a shadow on judgement, causes Us to-see as ttorough tt glass darkly. "Knowledge resufflbs from the union of two factors-- the-oiie within,the other without* The completion of knowledge is the- cljtssifl- catiion- of facts and truths. The concept ofi Me class is within, the- object to be-clUssifled without." He showed the necessity to have this inner gi-ofip of concepts in order to have a knowl- edge-ofi 1 anything. "We see only ss much ofl the world as we have apprecia- eternal state of the no Omega." The topic of tlie oration by C. A. Tellierwas "The Dominant Question of {he 20th Century" and the theme was Education. The oration showed careful study. He defines education thus: Education is a leading forth of the possibilities of the mindinto actualities. It is development and not instruction merely. It is not knowledge communicated by books or a teacher, but discipline, a making up of the mind. Education is an inspiring of the mind with a thirst for knowledge, an enlargement ot the powers of the mind by gaining control of the intellectual and spiritual forces and instruments." Here he traced the advance of education from ancient days to this, finding the cause of education closely linked with that of tlie Christian church. A powerful agent in this cause also is that of books, "and in this age of cheap printing, labor and materials, we have tlie unprecedented privilege of procuring the thoughts of all great men and women of all past time in such form that we may read and ponder at our own convenience." Referring to teachers he said they must have a clear understanding of tiie mind and its governing laws. He thought that there were as many mental monstrosities as physical, and'laid their cause partly to incompetent teachers. * How to get rid of incompetent teachers he answered by saying, "make them competent by giving them an education for their work the same as those who enter the other professions receive for their work." Here came in a strong plea for normal schools and the statement that they should be sustained by the same means as the public schools. Carrying his subject to national out- workings he quoted Aristotle: "All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of children." He made some strong points in apolitical way,the power of the illiterate being unsurped by the learned, and said of the negro: "A people who have had the responsibilities of the ballot cast upon them have a right to demand from the government which conferred it a degree of intellectual training to enable them to safely and intelligently discharge its functions. Of what value are rights to a person who cannot comprehend them or has not the spirit or ability to defend them." A vocal duet by Alf Bist and Lillie Ranks came in here and was happily received. Delia Heed's theme was "Gloves." She did not call it a dignified subject but said her classmates had appropriated to themselves all the dignity there was in the class and she had to take what was left. She told the history, uses, forms, etc. of gloves and made a point for the World's Pair as follows: "There is to be a museum of gloves at the World's Pair in Chicago, Such un exhibition could be made one of the most attractive features. I would have collected all tlie materials from which the glove is made-heaps of leather, leather made from the skins of orgnjis with which to see. We see tilings not as they are, but as we are; thnfc is moulded by our own; peculiarities,." Hence it follows tMat a man should study botli sides of a question to know the truth and correct; possible onesidedness. He cited examples of histoiry, in which prejudice exerted its baneful influence. fllty difterent animals; the rat, the dog the horse, the kid, the sheep, lin^ til all the zoological kingdom h,a.d $ 6 , hyered its products. Great clusters of silks should lay upon the shelves and ot thread and linen, cotton and woolen —all as raw materials for the manufacture exposed for inspection to the visit- i &, wwttitude. J would have the skijled workmen at th«ir benches—men women.and eWldren—a great glove factory mful operation, How interested we would be to see these materials stretched, cut, dried, ft lajUtaway in boxes ready for shi pj tanf and free trade wojjwithstaud^, * [She referred to the adaptability of i|tove$o the work in hand, from. i tongU hand of iaJaor to the j»i»k 1 fashion, and even to the glove jn our present enlightened age we daily see the working of this- prejudgment. The attitude of the south towards tiie negro is but the* expression of a most bitter prejudice.- He is debarred from all but the naosti menial employment, and often, through/ intimidation, deprived of man's laost sacred right-suffrage. Inform a white man that he is a descendant of PG»ca- hontas and pleased, but, on the other hand, tell him one of his ancestors was a Congo chieftain and he considers it tlie deepest insult. Labor and capital, in their necessary relation, are a source of much prejudice. The mind is biased in favor of its own interests." "Is Civilization Just to Our Work- ingmeii" was the subject of the oration delivered by Chas. Everett. life• arid- it was not. He denned work as the producer, the fashioner, the moans whereby intelligence moulds matteir to its purpose. We are placed in a wcwld i filled with raw material and wealth is brought iaito being by work. He sap- posed a ease where the first man, Ac&m, asked to be shown through a large-city, and said': "You would take him 'through* the wide and well-paved streets, lined with spacious mansions—replete with' everything that can enhance comfort and gratify tlie taste. Prom these surroundings you would pass into.: another quarter where everything bears evidence of destitution and want, where families are packed together -tier above tier, a whole family sometimes occupying one room. Which quarter do yosi think Adam would understand you to mean if you spoke of the work- nig men's quarter? Now, knowing that- wealth comes by work would he m&t necessarily infer that the line houses were the homes of the workingmen and tlie poor-houses the homes of the- idlers. You might easily convince the simple old man that the very reverse of this is true but could you convince him that it is just? The eternal law is that wealth comes by work. Here is the. social fact: Those who work the hardr est and longest, those whom we style the working classes are the poorest, classes. The very term woj-kingman. is synonymous with poverty." He continued in much" the same strain and closed by saying: "The iu T justice to our workinginen Is not that it deprives them of physical gratifications they ought to en joy but that it deprives them of higher things, f leisure and opportunity for mental and moral improvement." The oration was finely delivered and was received with plause. The closing oration was by L. Lavilie Harroun, of Mason City, the subject being "The Evolution of Peace." It was among the best and was well delivered. She first compared the war spirit of today with that of eajjly history. In ancient times war was the only means resorted to for the settlement of disputes. War was also a thing enjoyed and the youth were specially trained for it. As an example she cited the Spartans. Years pass on and We come to the age of chivalry— an age when nothing but blood could atone for actual or imaginary insult. "The cause of the evolution of peuce can easily be traced. The power of commerce over the opinions of men is mighty. Commerce rules the world because he is the king of wealth. Until near the close of the llth century, Phonecia, the little country of broken sea coast on the eastern shore ot the Mediterranean, controlled the commerce of the world. AS she became wealthy the other nations grew jealous and began to take part in the commercial enterprises. This exchang- jng, for a small sum the overabundant products of one country for those of another was with those parties a purely selfish motive, but it proved indirect' ly a vast benefit to mankind. The commingling pf nations made-the inventions and improvements of one nation the common property of every other. From the time that nations entered upon maritime occupations we see a great improvement in their dwellings, in their mode of living. Refinement and a tendency toward luxury took the place of savagery and courage. War was destructive to their homes and property and the more pleasurable enjoyments of life. When two nations are at war all commerce between them ceases; the profits of trade are at an end and wealth already accumulated is consumed. These were items of great importance and the tendency towards peace was initiated." With a desire for pea^e came an advance in literature and the arts which the speaker clearly traced. As civili- sation advances war is being relegated to the past. She traced the war ap^t ifl the heathen modes of worship * tia several religions pf thf _ whom were religious of ta« board of tMwtees) was on tlw>- program fbran-adUtessandi as that Mstittetaiin was obligedito'take- the NbrtSwestern train, noitllj, his address was-given just previous^ Chas* Evei-ett?s arotfim. He reviewodiffie history of the--school froniiits founding, giving the foiWnyfing figures in> relation to the uttendfcnce: First yomr 115> students, second y*ar H8, thirdi yean-145, fourth y«iw UK, making for/the-f<mr years a totall <rf 608, and u -total of 4oO* -different students who-received instruction that period i I fe continued: The Northern Iowa Normal Schonfi has been characterized by the long COTH- tinued attondaiMj'jof many pupils, tliw* preventing »•large enrollment but at the same time giving a large amount ot instruction. W-lnle we are abundantly satisfied with the number eft graduates, we feel, that they bv nw> means represent the amount of ao(y» work done by the school. A very laru'->r per cent, of the teachers in the con>- mon schools of thi;> county have attended one or more terms and in thi?- way have been bettor qualified for the important duties of their profession, to the great advantage of all the people who have children. that attend the common schools. 3Jut while we are BY PAYING CASH AT Townsend & Langdon a Few ol our 28 )bs. choicellol led J7)bs. butter crackeia* 20II). X. Carolina pe«ehes-< 20Ib fine rice J-iemsLye per can Clo-thes Pins per do//. Axle Grease per box tfl.OO 1.00 1.00 1.00 .10 .10 00 Climax Toba#«o per lb. Spearhead, p«rll>. Choice fine cuifi per lb. 1 good wash-board for Dixon's stove- polish Gloss Starch perlb Salerattis per p&g. AH Kinds of 5cr Yeast for yifh * at Flour ' p er Sack Hard Wheat Flour Choice ods of instruction adopted by the fac- y J 1 ! 1 , 8 P Iace(i "s i» the position of one ot tlie best educational institutions *" in the ap- t i , feels that tor tlie present satisfactory condition ot the school they are under great obligations to tlte faculty. While we have not accomplished all that we hud hoped for, by tlie adoption of the school by the state, we have made a reputation for Algonosaml tlie N. I. N. b. that ought to have great weight with the legislature that rail eventually locate another normal school in Iowa. I he s hearty commendaAien of the press ot tlie state and tiie active support of many ot tlie best men hi tlie 23d general assembly encourages iis to believe tJiat a continuance oi,i our past efforts in the direction of maintaining a first class school will in the near future compel a recognition ®$ the necessities of this part of the state for a state normal school. It is the- intention of the board to . continue th* school and extend its influence andn benefits as far as possible. And in these efforts we hope to have, as we have heretofore had, the hearty support and co-operation of the good peopls> of the county. In conclusion he salii: "It was the intention. of the trustees- in establishing this school to prepare pupils especially tor the professian of teachers, and we trust that may be your avocation. We hope through you to improve our com- mou .schools. We beliieve tlie tendencv lias been in that direction from the Start and hope to see it continued and extended in the future. There is no more noble profession! than that of the teacher and we hope the good example of your teacher may follow you in your work. I he same enthusiasm, energy and .earnestness he has displayed in his woi-k will assure you success in anything ypu may undertake." A vocal, solo by/ Mrs. Vesper was well received, aftes which Prof. Gil- Christ addressed the class in a few farewell words and presented them with their deplomas with the degree of Bachelor, of Didactics. Besides this class there was also a class of foiu?~ Guy. Tuttle, Alma Harroun, Ella IlutJh- erford and Ga-jice Gilchrist — graduated, from the short-hand and typewriting course and a class of eighS— Kate Farrell, C. W. Stockwell, Tommy Billsborough. Alma Harroun, «us Peek, Beter Mersh, Guy Tuttle- and Archie 'Hari-onn— were graduated) from the. commercial department. A piano duet by Misses Cordingly and BI»gley closed the exercises and the class was immediately surrounded by a bost of friends with hearty congratirlations. The flowers received were numerous and handsome. After leaving the church the class repaired to the Mc- oulJn, gallery and sat for a portrait. " tt tt C, M. & St. P. Excursions. . ew the National Educational Associa- V°. u Convention, to bo held at St. Paul, July 8th to llth. Excursion tickets will be solgat fare one way far the round trip with $2 added. For the Fourth tickets may be sold for one iregular first cl&ss fare for the round trip. SellJuly a and 4; return coupons good until the 7th. YOU ARE INVITED TO SEE and BUY OUR Ladies' Shoes, Hens' Shoes, Boys' Shoes, Misses' Shoes, Kids' Shoes, Plow Shoes, Plow Boots, Kip Boots, Calf Boots, CHEAP, MEDIUM, Fur Wool Hats, Stiff Hats, CrusUHats, Mens' Hats, Boys'Hats,' Msses'llats, Kids' Hats. AND HIGH GRADE. Largest stock in town at the lowest prices. Bars of Coord Laundry Soap "We take prodhce- in exchange for Groceries, get our prices^efora yori buy elsewlieTe, .40 .40 .85 .15 05 .05 .05 $ .03 1.00 1.25 1.40 1.00 Come in Townsend & Langdon. HEADQ,UARTEB'S Can supply y<ra with everything you want building material and fuel, And Doirt You Forget it, Alii ye- Wesleyites Call at- Taylor s New Office, -Alii ye- Wesleyites Call at- And leave your r oarders with Hume. 'farm Loans AT O, 7, 7aiu!n half, and 8 per cent, on live to tea yeais time with privi- liege of partial payments before due. Interest can be paidi at ray office. Save money % caffing on me before yc^apply for Loan '• J. W. BARTLETT. M. Z. GROVE. LIVERY, FEED, AND SALE STABLE. Best of Horses -and Carriages .^^^t^^^^^L.^^^ _ J. Dealer In HARDWARE AND TINWARE ! I have opened tip a new stock of Hardware in tlie Reed building, and will carry a. full line of heavy and shelf hardware, cutlery, etc. TV. goods made. tJQQd tearing hosiery. dress goods. New styles of Ginghams. Custom made overalls. * thread at four cents. W^o#er uo snide baits. N REED. attend to the TINWOBK and willi be pleased to meet all his old customers.. GIVE US A CALL. J. F. GILMORE. Geo. L. Galbraith • & Co. Invite the Attention of the Public tt their Large Stock of Spring and Summer Goods, Our Line of DURESS GOODS surpass anything ever brought to this city. Notions. We have just increased the capacity of our Notion J)ept. by adding new shelving, and can now supply the trade with anything in this line at prices lower tfrqn tfra lowest Counter G-oods, We.iftU hav^. couiiteis and have invoice of A new Boots and Slum We still hold the lead i this line and have recently a, mostdoubledoupformerstocfc pur ladies' $§.25 shoe cannot be

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