The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 7, 1954 · Page 1
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May 7, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, May 7, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. L—NO. 39 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MAY*7, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS DIEN BIEN PHU FALLS TO COMMUNIST REBELS Sec. Stevens Swears He Was Threatened WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of the Army Stevens swore today that Sen McCarthy s aides threatened him if Pvt. G. David Schine failed to get favored treatment They made "exceedingly serious" threats, Stevens told the Senate subcommittee investigating the McCarthy-Army row. Demos Call for Action, End to GOP 'Circuses' WASHINGTON (AP) — Democrats have put up a cry for the administration to be done with "circus luxuries" and "TV spectacles" and come up with action to prevent a cold war from blowing hot. The Republican campaign slogan these silly quarrels to do with the "+ And. Stevens declared, he had a distinct impression from McCarthy, as well as from the senator's aides, that the more the Army did for Schine the less "hammering" the Army would be subjected to from the McCarthy committee. Schine, a member of a multimillionaire New York family, was an unpaid consultant to the Mc- of 1952, "Clean Up the Mess in Washington," was thrown back at the party in power last night at a Jefferson-Jackson Democratic dinner that brought out an estimated 1.500 diners at $100 a head—or $150,000 for the drive to elect a Democratic Congress this fall. Speakers told the cheering throng that Republicans have created "messes of their own" in the McCarthy-Pentagon row and have suffered serious "reversals" on the Indochina question. Unlike many previous SlOO-a- plate dinners by the Democrats in Washington, last night's glittering affair was generously attended by Southerners- They sat alongside old "New Dealers" and "Fair Dealers" in at least an outward show of unity. Truman Featured Guest Former President Truman, who with his family, was a featured guest, told the diners in a brief informal talk: "As leaders of the free world we must have the friendship of our allies and we can't have that if we insult them." Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, Senate Democratic floor leader, declared the Eisenhower administration has been "caught bluffing by our enemies" and this country now stands in danger of being "left naked and alone in a hostile world." Rep, Sam Rayburn of Texas House minority leader, said the people heard a lot about a "mess" in 1952 "and you are hearing a great deal more now-." He said Sen. McCarthy (R—Wis) is the "problem" of the Republicans, no the Democrats, and declared tha if the principals in the McCarthy- Army scrap were Democrats, al Republicans and a majority of the newspapers would be saying: problem of security against the gathering storm that threatens liberty?" I-H Revision Bill Up (or Do-or-Die Vote in Senate Democrats Confident They Can Block Administration Plan WASHINGTON ffl Eisenhower's labor — President law revision "This is the biggest mess that Washington has ever witnessed.' Adlai E. Stevenson, the Democratic presidential candidate in 1952, sent a message predictin that the Republicans will have "considerable experience as a minority after November of 1954." He himself was not in attendance at the banquet because of a kidney operation. Ovations Given Truman and Dean Acheson. his secretary of state, were given standing ovations when introduced. Sen. Johnson said Democrats have opposed Republicans in Congress "in order to save" much of the President's domestic program. Hence, he said, they become confused when they hear Eisenhower say he needs a Republican Congress to put that program across. Asserting American foreign policy "has never in all its history suffered such a stunning reversal" as in the past few weeks, he said: "We have been caught bluffing by our enemies. Our friends and allies are frightened and wondering, as we do, where we are headed. We stand in clear danger j of being- left naked and alone in a hostile world. Only a few day ago we observed our final humilia tion in the spectacle of the Amer ican secretary of state backtrack ing the Atlantic from the confer ence at Geneva. "And, ysi.. a few weeks before while in Berlin he had told his owr bill was up for a do-or-die Senate vote today with Democratic opponents confident they can push the administration plan aside. A move to send the Taft-Hartley Act revision measure back to the Labor Committee, to be made by Sen. Hill (D— Ala) or Sen. Murray (D— Mont), was scheduled for an early afternoon vote under a debate limitation agreed to by the Senate. If the Democratic motion wins, t would all but kill any chance of changing the long-disputed 1947 labor law this year. Both Southern and Northern Democrats appeared optimistic their lines would hold firm. They outnumber Republicans 48-47, with the other seat held by Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore). Democrats were counting on Morse's vote on this issue. Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R — NJ), Labor Committee chairman, said, "we're not licked yet." But Allies Propose to Start Peace Talks Tomorrow By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA (AP) — The Big Three Western powers decided today to propose to the Com munists that the Indochinese peace talks begin tomorrow afternoon. * The last apparent obstacle for the opening of the talks was removed when the French agreed to have the chairmanship rotate between British Foreign Secretary Anthony Edei and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Mololov. This was "understood to be satisfactory to the Communists. The Western powers agreed to* have W. D. Allen, British undersecretary of state for foreign affairs, notify Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko that the Carthy subcommittee until he was west is ready to meet tomorrow. It drafted last fall. The McCarthy-Army ' row revolves about Army contentions the senator and his aides made improper efforts to get preferential treatment for Schine and McCarthy's tried counter-charges the Army to shut off the senator's investigations of Communists in the Army. Stevens Snaps Back McCariny hammered questions at Stevens and the usually mild- mannered secretary, in his 12th day in the witness chair, snapped back with a sharpness not displayed before. Pressed by McCarthy to say whether Roy M. Cohn, the McCarthy sub-cornmittee's chief counsel, and Francis P. Carr, its staff director, had ever "threatened" him. Stevens maintained they had. He said that because of the sub- commiitee's search for espionage at Ft. Monmouth, N. J., "taken in conjunction with the constant discussion of Schine, it was my feeling that they were threatening me." "If I did not do something, they Were going to do something," Stevens said. In response to McCarthy's urging to be specific. Stevens cited what he called Cohn's "declaration of war" against the Army after Cohn vas denied admittance to a secret •adar laboratory at Ft. Monmouth on Oct. 20 and a meeting he had with Cohn and Carr at his Pentagon office on Nov. 16. people that Geneva was the world's best hope." It was something new for John son to talk in such critical tone; about GOP conduct' of foreign policy. He has made a point in the past of cooperating with the Republicans on foreign and military affairs. Johnson said tomorrow all Asia may be in flames, but America's attention has been distracted "by an American private." This was an obvious reference to Pvt. G. David Schine, a figure in the McCarthy probe. Johnson continued: "We cannot afford these circus luxuries, the TV spectacles. Ours is the tradition of Valley Forge and Two Jim a . . . What have Crippled Stratocruiser Forced Down; None Hurt NE WYORK ( Pan American — A double-deck Stratocruiser, en rpute to London, landed safely at Idlewild Airport late yesterday after being forced back by a, faulty nose wheel. There were nb injuries among the 53 passengers and nine crew HMnHMPBt I he refused to predict the outcome. Sen. Kennedy (D—Mass) said he is "confident" of a Democratic victory. Different Reasons Northern and Southern Demo- rats gave widely differing reasons for wanting to send the "bill back to committee. Northerners said they were un- atisfied with the committee bill. which substantially carries out isenhower's recommendat ions, because it fails to correct what they call antilabor sections in the present law. Southern Democrats said the bill as now written does not contain enough restrictions on labor union conduct nor give the states enough control over strikes, boycotts and picketing. They expressed concern oo over an antidiscrimination amendment which Sen. Lehman D.Lib—NY) has promised to call up if he has a chance. The Senate has agreed to limit ebate on Lehman's amendment nd all others, including the mo- ion to recommit, to 90 minutes for each, divided between proponents and opponents. This .debate limitation was described by Southerners as one reason they planned to give substantial support to the recommit- tal motion. It would prevent any filibuster on Lehman's amend- amendment, designed to forbid Final Report On '53 Cotton Is Announced WASHINGTON ('/Pi—The Agricul- had been arranged several days ago that the meeting would be convened whenever the Western delegations were ready. Strategy Completed Final strategy was discussed at a midday conference of Eden, French Foreign Secretary Georges Bidault and Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith. French sources said Bidault planned to open the conference with a statement about the plight of the sick and wounded at beleaguered Dien Bien Phu. These sources said, however, Bidault did not want the question of a Dien Bien Phu truce to be discussed by the conference. France has taken the position that this should be discussed by the two sides on the spot and not here. News of the agreement, on the chairmanship came as the East- West delegates returned to their deadlocked debate on Korea after a three-day recess. But the two- week-old try for unification of that war torn psninsula appeared near its expected unproductive end. Jarring: Note Despite the Western belief the last hurdle had been cleared for the start of the Indochina talks, a potentially jarring note was injected by an official spokesman for Red China, Huang Hua. He told newsmen his delegation at the opening session would demand admission of the Communist "governments" of Laos and Cambodia, as well as such other "interested states." including India, Indonesia and Burma. The West considers the "Communist regimes" of Laos and Cambodia are virtually nonexistent. A French spokesman said his government would refuse to sit at the same conference with representatives of "phantom regimes which exist only in the imagination of the Vietminh." Some Western observers viewed ture Department, in a final report j the prospective Chinese move as today said the 1953 cotton crop to- purely a propaganda maneuver. taled 16.465,000 bales of 500 pounds They felt the Chinese would not B.C. West, Leading Cotton Man, Dies Benjamin Glover West, one of the cotton industry's most active Midsoutherners and one of the area's foremost cotton merchants, died at 1:30 this morning at Chickasawba Hospital here after being seriously ill for several weeks. Born in 1888 on a Holmes County, Miss., plantation. Mr. West moved to Memphis in 1892 and attended public schools there. He entered the cotton business in 1903, and subsequently moved to Blytheville to pursue that career in 1929. Mr. West was one of the founders of the American Cotton Shippers Association, having been one of the five signers of the articles of incorporation. He also helped found the Arkansas Cotton Trade Association and served that organization as president through two cotton seasons, 1939-40 and 1940-41. He was also an executive committee member. He was instrumental in the founding 'of the National Cotton Council and served in many capacities with that organization, having been a voting delegate since its founding. He was a delegate to several Universal Cotton Standard Conferences in Washington This group worked on standardizing cotton classifications. Led Cotton Improvements Under his administration as head of the Arkansas Cotton Trade Association, a large portion of that organization's work on improving gross weight with a farm value of $2,651,675,000. This compared with a 1952 crop of 15.139,000 bales valued at $2.617,644,000. The 10-year 1942-51 average prouction was 12,216,000 bales. The average price farmers recei- insist on additional invitations if it appeared such demands would wreck the talks, Nine Delegations In setting up the Indochina discussions, Russia and the XVestern Big Three agreed that nine dele- ved for lint from the 1953 crop was \ gations would be present at the reported at 32.2 cents a pound compared with 34.59 for the 1952 crop. The average price received for cottonseed was reported at S52.70 a ton compared with $69.60 for 1952. The acreage harvested, the yield per harvested acre, and the produc- tino, respectiveuy, of cotton from the 1953 crop by states included: Arkansas 2,090,000 acres harvested 358 pounds per harvested acrs, and p'ro- duction of 1,548,000 bales. discrimination by an employer or a union because of race, creed or color. Departure Times Of Three Trains Here Changed Changes in the departure times of three passenger trains serving Blytheville were announced today by the Frisco Railroad. The changes, ranging from three to five minutes, are being made to mprove connections at Memphis and St. Louis, Frisco officials said. The changes become effective Sunday. . Southbound train No. 807, which ormerly left here at 3:15 p.m., will depart at 3:20 p.m. and train No. JOS, which formerly left for Memphis at 5:30 a.m., will depart at :33 a.m. Northbound train No. 80U, which formerly departed at :03 a.m., will leave at 12:48 a.m. No change was made in the rtepart- re time of northbound train No. which * ftde a.m. i 2 State Pol ice Officers Here Are Transferred Two state policemen previously stationed in Mississippi County have been transferred to other areas. Tom Smslley, state policeman, was transferred from the Blytheville area to Lewisville today. Trooper Smalley and his family have lived in Blytheville for the past seven years. No one has been assigned to take his place at this time. E. F. Patton, previously assigned to the Osceola divis/on, has been transferred to Forrest City. Trooper T. H. Crye has been assigned to fill the vacancy. Troopers Patton and Fred Me Kinley were assigned to the south ern part of Mississippi county las fall when Highway 61 in this area was designated as a "hot spot" for high traffic fatalities in the state along with several other counties. opener. They are the Big Four. Red China, the three Associated States of Indonchina and the Communist-led Vietminh. The Soviets earlier this week said they would propose. India, Burma. Thailand and Indonesia join the talks. But Western sources did not expect the Russians to press this to the point of endangering the negotiations. The United States wants to restrict the Indochina conference to as few nations as possible. France's delegation here drew encouragement from the vote of confidence given Premier Joseph See CONFERENCE on Pa^e 2 * * # cotton quality in r-he state was undertaken. He also served as a director of the American Cotton Shippers Association in 1939-40-41. He was a director of the Mississippi County Farm Bureau; an active Chamber of Commerce member for years, having served on the Chambers' board; an honorary member of the Junior Chamber of Commerce and a member of Blytheville's Rotary Club. He was an early president of Blytheville's Board of Trade, served on the Walker Park Board and B. G. West Little Rock and Sidney Y. West, Jr., of Memphis . Services will be conducted in Cobb Funeral Home Chapel at 10:30 a.m. tomorrow by the Rev. W. J. Fitzhugh. Burial will be in Little Rock's Roselawn Cemetery at 4 p.m. tomorrow. Active pallbearers include E. A. Stac. y, Foy Etchieson, R. D. Hughes. E. J. Cure. J. C. Ellis, Sr.. Dick Cheatham and Eddie Cummings, both of Memphis, and Frank Highfill of Parma, Mo. Honorary pallbearers are H. { Highfill, Dr. I. R. Johnson. J. L. Nabers, Earl Magers, E. M. Woodard, C. A. Cunningham, Harry Kirby, Charles Rose, Bob Blaylock, E. M. Regenold, A. B. Reese, Baker Wilson, Charley Gray. Fan-is Huge Red Force 'Submerges' Fort, Laniel Announces By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS PARIS (AP) — Dien Bien Phu has fallen. Premier Joseph Laniel announced late today the northwest Indochina bastion "has been submerged." A little fortress named Isabella, site of the French Union garrison's main artillery, was still holding out three miles south of the bloodied, muddied bastion that had epitomized the Indochina war to the world for 57 days. One of the last orders Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, the lanky commander in chief, sent to Isabelle was to fire on his own command post when the Communist- the board of Northeast Arkansas I McCalla, W. I. Osborne, "jr., Hilbert Hankwitz, Will Graves, Morris Less, Plippin Whitner, Ed Jatpe, Malcolm Greenway, Godfrey White, H. C. Knappenberger, W. I. Osborne, Sr.. Chris Tompkins, Ruff in Newsom, Alonzo Bennett, Fred Lu- District Fai. For 13 years, he both served on and headed the draft board here. He is a past fund chairman and board member of Chickasawba district chapter of Red Cross. Mr. West attended the first officers' training camp at Plattsburg, New York, in 1916. During World War I, he served in France as assistant chief of staff to General Samuel G. Sturgis, 87th Division commander. Services Tomorrow Survivors' include a brother, Sidney Y. West of Memphis; two sisters. Miss Mary Brodie West of j West Memphis and Mrs. Allan j Gates of Little Rock, and two ne-1 phews, Sidnev A. Newcomb cas. Jack Lowring. Greeven and Sam G- Unemployment Drops 260,000 During April WASHINGTON <ff>}— The government reported today unemployment declined 260,000 in April, the first jobless drop since last October. Employment increased by nearly of half a million in the month. Dulles Proposes Two-Stage Program To Organize Coalition in S.E. Asia WASHINGTO MAP) — Secrtary of State Dulles has developed a two-state program for organizing an anti-Communist coalition in Southeas Asia and hopes it will produce a provi sional arrangement in a matter of weeks. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Five Papooses, One Chickasaw at Conway for State Track Meet . . . Bannister Belittles Breaking Magic Mile Barrier „ . Sports . . . pages 8 and 9 ... . . . Abuse of Powers is Issue in McCarthy-Army Hearings . . . Editorials . . . page 6 ... . . . News of Men in the Service . . . page 14 ... . . . Farm News . . . pages 10 and 11 ... . . . Extended Furlougg for Convict* Now Thing of the Past at State Penal Farm . . . Last In a Series on Arkansas' Clemency System . . . page 14 ... Dulles is due to hold a series of diplomatic discussions here shortly for the first stage of negotiations Officials said today it seems certain to begin with a multination military staff conference. The military conference, and possibly additional diplomatic talks, would be designed to produce a provisional security arrangement to stand until later second-stage talks eventually resulted in a formal security treaty. British to Cooperate A minimum of five and a maximum of 10 or a dozen countries could be represented in the first conferences. Authorities said the British have agreed to cooperate, and they termed this a forward step. Previously the Churchil] government had withheld joining in Dulles' proposed "united action" pending efforts for an Indochina peace settlement at Geneva. Dulles will report to the nation >y radio and television tonight on Indochina and on other subjects, notably the Korean peace dead- ocJt, with which he dealt at Geneva last week with Allied nations and the Communists. Tb* broadcast la tcbedutod for 8::30 p.m. EST. His 30-minute talk will be carried at the time of delivery by the ABC TV network and by NBC, CBS and Mutual radio networks. Rebroadcasts will be carried by CBS TV at 11:15 p. m. and by ABC radio at 11 and NBC TV at 10:15. Advance information was that he would emphasize his and President Eisenhower's resolve — despite disappointments so far — to form a united front with friendly nations aimed at saving Southeast Asia from Communist conquest. Revisions Possible Then, aides said, he will talk in the next few days with diplomats of a number of countries which could be included in the alliance, particularly about the subject of military negotiations. Informants said it had not been settled just what countries would be included, and they emphasized that the con- 'erence is still only a proposal sub- ect to revision. Dulles is reported to have loJd i group of congressmen Wednesday nisht that the United States has little hope of taking any ef- fectivt action, on A united front basis, in time to strengthen Viet Nam against. Red pressure. He ivas said to have discussed a possibility of making any security pledge applicable to Laos and Cambodia, which have not been as heavily involved in the sex'en-year fight against Communist-led forces. Laos and Cambodia have about 4V 2 million people to Viet Nam's 22 million. Arrangements for the second stage, the reasoning goes, could then proceed on less of an emergency basis toward the conclusion of a formal alliance—what some diplomats consider as a parallel to the North Atlantic Treaty Or- ;anization. The reasoning is that even a provisional alliance, such as is envisioned in the military staff talks, would give the Eisenhower admin- stration something to point to as a united front in the event of an emergency it considered sufficient- y urgent to require some new military action. Thus far, this country has been "Mrnishinp only supplies and a !' . mi nicer of technicians to aid the French and; native forces. ed rebel riflemen finally cut .hrough. There was no immediate word as to the fate of Gen. De Castries, commander of the fallen garrison nor that of Gcnevieve dc Galard Terraube, a French nurse and th only woman in the besieged fort She had been decorated for gallan ry twice within the week. Premier Laniel told the Nntiona Assembly counterattacks had been nunched in a vain effort to block he rebels from making a juncture n attacks from the northeast anc the southwest, but the defense ef orts failed. "The government has jus earned that Dien Bien Phu hu been submerged after 20 hours o uninterrupted combat," Lanie aid. Laniel said "the French reaction vill be the reaction of the virility of a great nation." Won't Chanpe Anything He added that France will con- inn its instructions to its delegates at Geneva without admitting hat the fall of Dien Bien Phu can honge anything. "France will recall to its Allief hat during seven years it has never quit defending alone a grea egion of Asia," Laniel told the Assembly, All (he deputies In the Assembly tood while Laniel announced the all of Dien Bien Phu—except the ommunists. They remained eated. Gen. Ho Nguyen Giap's rebel iege forces, bidding for victory efore the Geneva conference arted negotiations for an end to tie '7-year-old war, outnumbered e Castries' garrison by 4-to-l or more. De Castries was estimated on the eve of the showdown battle to have 14,000 men, including wounded, at his command. These were Frenchmen. Foreign Legionnaires, Vietnamese and North Africans. There were about 1,000 wounded in underground bunkers of the fort. All efforts for a truce to evacuate them had failed. -The fortress, situated in a broad flat rice plain :about six miles long and half that wide, wns pounded by artillery and mortars during the long days of the siege. Each new wave of infantrymen bit off a bit of the original fortress until when the attack started during the past night, a field little bigger than a baseball diamond remained in which the defenders were concentrated. Foe Strongly Supplied Defense of the little fortress was made difficult by the fact that all the surrounding hills were held by the Vietminh and. to the surprise of the French Union forces, they were strongly supplied with artillery, for the first time in the more than seven years that they have been fighting the French. Beyond that, also, they had antiaircraft guns which some French and American officials insisted were manned by Chinese crews, a fact never formally established. The end result was, however, See INDOCHINA on Pajre 2 2 American Pilots Killed In Indochina Supply Mission Fata I to U.S. Civilian Flyers SAIGON, Indochina (AP) — A Flying Boxcar blew up yesterday on a supply drop mission to besieged Dien Bien Phu, killing its two American civilian pilots and the French crew chief. One of the Americans, James B. (Earthquake McGoon) McGovern 32, of Elizabeth, N.J., was one of the most famous and intreped airline pilots in the Far East. The Chinese Communists had held him captive for five months in 1950 after he crash-landed in Red territory. The other American killed wag Wallace Abbott Buford, 28, of Ogden, Utah, who narrowly escaped death 10 days ago when his plane was riddled by AA fire, which wounded the American pilot with him. An official French command announcement said the cause of the explosion was not known but unofficial observers thought possibly t had been hit by Vietminh antiaircraft fire. Two of 25 McGovern and Buford were among a group of some 25 U.S. civilian pilots, employed by re- ired Gen. Claire Chennault's Civil Air Transport, who are flying the ransports the United States has upplied the French air force. The American civilians are paid 35 a flying hour above their regu- ar airline pay. More than 200 U.S. Air Force technicians are stationed at F'rench air bases in Indochina but their duties are confined entirely to non- combat servicing of American aircraft. The CAT pilots began parachuting the supplies into Dien Bien Phu in March. The first casualty of their group was Paul R. Holden of Greenleaf, Kan. Now recuperating in Japan, he was wounded by antiaircraft fire last week while flying a mission with Buford. Buford brought the crippled plane safely back to base. School Becomes Youth Center NEW MANAGER — Yale Janowitz, formerly of Mahanoy, City, Pa., this week became manager of Fitzpatrick Jewelry Store here. He has been in the retail jewelry business for the past six years and formerly was service manager of the Gotham Watch Co. of New York. Mr. and Mrs. Janowitz are residing at 10* East Kentucky. Several weeks of hard work will be climaxed Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock when the old Forty and Eight School building will be reopened as a youth center and community building. Under leadership of members of the Huffman Baptist Church YWA, the old building has been redecorated and renovated and will serve the Huffman and Forty and Eight communities. A special program is being planned for tomorrow's opening. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy, widely scattered showers to thundershowers south tonight and Saturday, cooler tonight and Saturday. MISSOURI —Generally fair this afternoon and tonight; cooler south tonight, scattered frost northeast and extreme north. Maximum yesterday—78. Minimum this morning—$0. Sunset today—8:49. - Sunrise tomorrow—5:04. Mean temperature (midway betweea high and low—«9. Precipitation lait 24 houi* to 7:0f a.m. today—.M. * Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—J0.lt. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—72. Minimum this morivlni—53. Precipitation Jfc&uary 1 t» Ml*.

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