Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa on December 14, 1944 · Page 8
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Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Thursday, December 14, 1944
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Page 8
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fiDlTORIAL PAGE Ainmnrc WNTRTM-JD AS STOCOND OT,ASS 1UATTRH DR- riKMiUKR 31, 190S, nt the postofflce nt Algona, Iowa, unifier thfe Act of March 2, 187'.i. OF SUnsCRTPTION 1—To Koasuth county postoffleea and linrclorliiK postof flees fit Armstrong, Bode, Britt, Buffalu (.-••liter. C o r w 11 h, Cylinder, Fllmore, lUuily, lliitclilns, I,ivermore, Ottosen, Hake, Kingsteil, Kndmnn, S 11 1 s o n , West Bend, and Woden, year —-- _$i'.r,0 I— Advance and Upper DCS Molnes both to came (iddn.'fs at an.v PostoTflcc In Kossnitli county or any neighboring postofflce named in Xo. 1, yar ...-. '•_ __HW 3—Ailvanc'c alone .to all other postoftlces, year M.CO 4—Advance and Upper Des Molncs both to same aildrops at nil postoffices 'not exempted In No. 1, year - ^ js.OO Advertlslns Rate 42c per column Inch. All advertising subject to publishers' approval. THURSDAY, DEC, H As the Showdown Impends on the Payroll Tax Two weeks ago there was mention in these columns of the social security payroll tax—in common words, the old age pension tax. It was said that this New Deal tax started some years ago at one per cent for employers (with no return benefits) and one per cent for employes retiring at 65. It was also said that the original idea was to double the tax on both employers and employes three years ago, but that because of war this had for a year at a time been waived, with the result that it was now up to congress to decide whether to postpone once again. The law also calls for tripling the tax after another interval. With the doubled tax imminent unless preventive action was taken, a countrywide demand for another freeze at one per cent had gathered volume for some weeks, and congress reacted favorably. In the house there was a thumping affirmative vote of 262 to 72. In the senate there was a mpre than two-thirds majority, 47-19. Last Saturday the joint bill for the freeze was sent to the president. With no little interest, the country now awaits Mr. Roosevelt's action. He has ten days in which to sign or veto, or he may do nothing, in which event the bill will become law without his signature. The president is known to be decidedly against another freeze, and a veto seems probable. What the result will be in that case is beyond prediction in these columns. Overwhelmingly the votes for the bill in both house and senate seem at first sight to promise easy passage over a veto, but this is deceptive. Many times in such circumstances, a bill has failed because senators and representatives, for one reason or another (usually merely for party regularity or desire to escape < presidential disfavor) changed—=their votes and the necessary two- thirds tp override a veto disappeared. It is to be noticed also in this case that many senators and representatives who did not vote would doubtless be rounded up by party whips if a veto were in issue. The foregoing summarizes the situation as it now stands and should make interesting what happens—if for nothing else, then as a sporting proposition. Congress is said to ho determined on the freeze, but Mr. Roosevelt is understood to be just as determined against it, and some fur may be shed. This is a "lame duck" congress, of course, but at that, there is a threat that if there is a veto (and if votes are in sight) it will recess over Christmas and override the president in the remaining few days before the doubled tax taxes effect on Jan. 1. This New Deal tax alone at only one per cent now amounts to some $1,200,000,000 a year, or more than the entire expense of federal government for all purposes within the memory of millions of living Americans. If doubled it will raise 2V> billions a year. And this burden, enormous "as is," doubly enormous in prospect, is laid not on the people as a whole, 'but only on a segment of the people, the employers and the employes, with no comeback whatever for the employing class. Furthermore, it is imposed in time of war, when both employers and employes i?re already staggering under other crushing burdens. Finally, it is to be noted that though some six billions have been paid into the fund to date, and further payments are being made at the rate of $100,000,000 a month, not one cent of the money exists as a separate fund except on paper, for all goes into the general fund and is used to pay the ordinary expense of government. We Don't Smoke 'Em, But Here's the Dope Amusingly enough in some aspects, the country's newest headache appertains not to the wars east and west, but to the cigaret situation; that is, it is amusing to people who don't smoke cigarets, though at least semi-tragic to those who do. There has been a good deal of rather confused searching-about for the cause 1 ; of the current shortage which compels addicts to stand in line or make up to a guy named "Joe" presiding over a limited supply oi the manufactured weed. One alleged cause is strangely reminiscent of the famous little pig slaughtering era— or infamous, if you prefer. It appears—or does it?—let us say, rather, it is alleged, that some happy, all-wise bureaucrat, after a big tobacco crop in 1939 had wrecked prices conceived the brilliant idea that the tobacco farmers needed a typical New Deal straightjacket, so he had the national acreage for what is called flue-cured tobacco cut down by 20 per cent. This was for 1940-41, but in 1942 the.allot- ment was boosted 10 per cent, and for 1943 there was another boost, this time of 5 per cent, then for this year 20 per cent over 1943. For next year another 3 per cent is promised. But the bureaucratic manipulation didn't seem to gel .at the root of % the trouble. Something else interfered, as is so often the case when bureaucrats are upset by the secret working of calm, indifferent, persistent economic law. In this instance the tobacco farmers, for some reason not made clear, didn't plant 223,000 acres of the allotted 1,083,000 acres. Most likely, it was the labor shortage that, was responsible. But the real core of the pi'oblem seems to be neither the bureaucratic tobacco-slaughtering nor the failure of the tobacco farmers to use all their allotted acreage; for in spite of all that, production of cigarcts this year rose to 329,000,000,000, breakikng all records, even 20,000,000,000 more than in 1943. The true cause, say the investigators, is the enormous increase in demand. This j'sar 40 billion more cigarets than in 1943 have gone to American forces overseas, and that left only 237 billions for the home demand, or 20 billions less than in 1943. Grandma, or at least Great-Grandma—if they didn't smoke pipes!—would be horrified to learn that because of the continually increasing resort to cigarcts, the factories of this country in the last seven years have had to double plant capacity. Meanwhile they have had to struggle interminably with all kinds of shortages, not only machinery and labor, but even cartons and cigaret paper. These shortages are not going to let up much while the German war lasts, and maybe not while the Jap war lasts either, so the outlook is for more or less restriction till both wars are over, though there is some hope for a measure of relief in 1945. Why Federal Permits to Violate State Law? Did you see the rather obscure news item in the Des Moines papers stating that 2,240 federal liquor permits had been issued to Iowa people?—To whom were they issued? In the main they were issued to night club operators, roadside speakeasies who advertise food and sell liquor by the drink. Last, but not least, practically all. the leading city hotels in Iowa sell liquor by the drink in open vilation of the law. These 2,240 permits were issued to Iowa violators who were not afraid of Iowa's enforcement officers, but purchased safety from federal enforcement officers by taking out a federal permit. —'Ed' M. Smith in Winterset Madisonian. One of the things ordinary people wonder about is that persons so inclined can in effect purchase immunity from federal prosecution for doing things forbidden by state law. This is illustrated by the federal liquor permits. These permits allow persons who hold them to escape prosecution in the federal courts for selling hard liquors by the drink. But in Iowa that is illegal; it is a violation of statutory criminal law for any one other than the manager or an employe of a state liquor store to sell hard liquors in any form. Under these circumstances the purchase of federal permits takes on an aspect of official bribery which seems unworthy of the federal government. It is true that in the case of the federal government the liquor permits are purely a case of excise taxation. The state is interested in the moral problem too, but after all the state is also pursuing a tax objective, for the profits of the state stores help to support the slate government. As Mr. Smilh poinls out, it is reported that holders of these permits in the larger cities of Iowa use them for hard liquors by the drink. The practice is said to be pursued openly and unchallenged in hotels, night clubs, etc. Out here in a rural county anything like that would bring prompt prosecution. Why is it permitted in the cities, if not everywhere else? You don't have to take a moral view of the situation to condemn the practice. You can rest your whole case on the fact that you are a citizen of Iowa interested in the protection of state revenue. Mr. Smith calls attention to the fact that the governor is clothed with authority to remove officials who will not enforce the state liquor laws. Sec. 1921-F24 of the code reads: In every county, the county attorney will constitute the head of the enforcement provision of the liquor commission * * * Any neglect, misfeasance, or malfeasance shown by any peace officer included in this section, will be sufficient cause for his removal as provided by the statutes of the state. The Bible Still the Book of All Books Storm Lake Pilot-Tribune. Fiction and non-fiction books are written, exported, read and discussed. But their fame i;; short lived. The Holy Bible remains the best seller day in and day out, year after year! We noted in a recent news story in the P. T. that during its fourth year of war emergency work, the American Bible society has distributed to the U. S. armed forces and merchant marine, 4,250,843 volumes of Scripture which includes 51,102 New Testaments, carefully packaged in water-proof containers, which the society hopes "will never be read!" These are the books that have been placed on lifeboat;; and rafts, yet should such an emergency rise there has been ample proof of the strength and comfort stemming from such reading of the Word, There are also 2,300 Bibles supplied as pulpit Bibles for army chapels .and ships of Die navy and merchant marine. More than a half million books have gone in prisoners of war, refugees and civilians in distressed areas of .Europe. This work required scriptures in 41 different languages, a miniature tower of Babel, containing such unusual items as scriptures in Afrikaans, Bambara and Galla. HODGEPODGE Webster—A stew of various ingredients; a mixture. ON THE ROLLING HILLS and the flat prairie and in the small towns and villages this will not be particularly a happy Christmas, except perhaps for the children, for whom Christmas seems specially designed' at this time. For there is scarcely a home from which one has not gone into strange and foreign lands, and who has not been back at the hallowed time of Christmas for one, two, three, and occasionally four Christmases. And it is for these that there goes out this year a special hope and a prayer — more powerful because it is a prayer of the heart and the understanding rather than the spoken word. And the homes will be lighted this Christmas Eve in this country of ours, and the yellow golden light will reach far beyond the sight of common man. For its rays will light for a moment the barracks and the training grounds in this country, where many a lonely boy will feel a bit cheered and more ready to get on with the job. For a moment there will be a glint in the mud of France—a little of that ray will gild a helmet or caress a face. High above the ground in the emptyness that is space where' the planes carry lonely men there will be a glow that will shine at least for a woment as their thoughts turn toward home. And that ray will follow the plane in its flight over the enemy ground, and if perhaps the plane begins its last long flaming path to the ground there will be a brighter glow to touch those who travel with it. In the • backgrounds ;'the-backwashes and.- 1 " the quiet places where once the battle thundered there will be a soft glow reach out and gently caress a cross here, a mound of earth. LEDYARD Chas. Hilferty spent several days at Algona last week, serving on a jury. He saysS he prefers farming to courting. Mr. and Mrs. Roy Eichorn and Mr. and Mrs. L'ester Harvd- ley, all of Fort Dodge, wefe callers at the Raymond Wilcox home Sunday. The women are sisters of Mr. Wilcox. . Mr. .and Mrs. Wiri..Flynn and Mrs. C. Rosboro were, .business callers in Algona last Thursday. The U. S. W. will hold a work meeting at Mrs. H. F. Zielske's Friday at 2:30. All ladies' are urged tp attend and help sew, taking scissors, 'needles, and thread with them, also any white materials, such as old .sheets, pillow cases, etc., for making handkerchiefs. Old underwear and towels for washcloths, together with woolen pieces, are wanted for quilts. Mrs. Chas. Bashara was a Sunday guest o'f the C. Homsey's, Armstrong. Mr. and Mrs. Edw. Knoner were at Fairmont Friday. The Methodist Aid held 'election of officers at Mrs. E. A, Carpenter's last Thursday. Mr. and Mrs. Leo Anderson and Mr. and Mrs. Edw. L'obft were callers at Mason. City .Friday. Mr. and Mrs. Ted Green were at Blue Earth. Mr, and Mrs. Aubrey Waterhouse and Esther Green were at Swea City Saturday evening. Chas. Harr was visiting the George Loofts last week. The HaiTs lived here some years ago and farmed the place now owned by J. J. Johnson, east of Ledyard. Many Ledyard people are hav- ing colds, and sortie Children are absent frbrh School. Mr. and Mrs. Wm. .Green, Esther Green, Mr. and Mrs. H, F.; Zielske, Patricia Matzener, and the Waterhouses surprised Mrs.; Ted Green Sunday 'evening by calling in honor of her birthday.: Sexton Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Steven attended a memorial service for a c'ousih's husband at th'e Methodist church, Kanawha, Friday, , Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Hammond were last Thursday visitors at .Oscar's sister Mrs. William Wood's, Woden. Donald Wood, nephew of the Hammonds in the navy, was there. Mrs. Drusie Noble and the Alfred Opheims Were recent supper guests at Frank Burger's, Titonka. i i . , .• Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Wermersen and Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Hammond were at Mason City Friday. Ruth Fortmrger, local teacher, dismissed school Friday and went to Minneapolis for a brief stay. A Pair of Good Sheets would be pretty .' acceptable to almost anyone right now. Get them at Woodward's NORTHWESTERN BEU TELEPHONE COMPANY if 1 In the great silent oceans the waves will catch and hold for an instant the light over the resting place of these boys from the 1 farms and small towns who felt the call of j ' ancient ancestors to sail upon the seas once again. It will reach unseen to the mighty battlewagons, the trim cruisers, the saucy destroyers, the escorts, the PT bugs, and the hospital ships. It will twinkle in the spray of a periscope, and dim for a moment the cockpit lights of the PBY. It will reach the mountains of Italy, the plains, the valleys, the hills of France, the velvet desert of Africa, the mucky dankness of the India jungle, the coral of western isles, the green slopes of the Philippines, the prison camps in Germany and the torture camps of Japan —a million places scattered over the globe. More than any other time of the year Christinas is family time. These families are split by wide spaces, but they will turn together again and the thoughts will bridge the gap and the old time smile and grin will return for an instant, .at least to a grimy dirty soldier in a foxhole as memory 'brings to him those Christmases that are past and anticipation and hope give the priceless gift of expecta- fioii for the future. And the- prayers of those to whom religion is a private thing will 'be said at home and in the foxholes, far from the crowd whore communion is thus the more personal and filled with hopefulness. And people should be doubly thankful for a Christmas this year of strife and heartbreak, for without the hope that Christmas brings life would be such an empty thing. —D. E. D. Each department in our store is so completely stocked that you can shop here and find the appropriate gift for each person oh your Christmas list. We call your attention at this time to six departments— China and Glassware, Toy, Tool, Gift and Miscellaneous.and General Hardware. Dinner Ware Heisey Glass Pottery This is the most beautiful department in the store. Most of the Dinner Ware and all the Heisey Glass Ware is in open stock and can be purchased in any amount. Patterns are all recognized name brands. Add to her dinner ware, glassware, or start a new set this Christmas. A shipment of pottery is due any day now, to fill in the outstanding line of pottery we now have on hand—all famous pottery brands. Toys! Toys I Our Toy Basement is a year 'round department with us. Here you can shop easily. and comfortably while you choose your gifts. The basement is full of dolls, stuffed animals, games, push and pull toys, in fact toys of all kinds, and the stock is large. / Gifts That Please How about a set of walnut salad bowls for a gift that is more unusual? Our walnut wooden ware often solves the gift problem. There are picture frames, cigarette boxes, bon bon dishes, mirrors and a variety of other pieces. See them. A wicker clothes hamper would be appreciated by many. We have several different sizes in as many price ranges from which you may choose. LOTS OF ITEMS TO PUT ON WHAT-NOTS Pre-War Majestic Range This will be a cherished possession for the housewife who receives one of these beautiful stoves. Has oven thermometer, high back, is fully insulated, all whti'e enamel. And it takes no certificate. A wonderful Christmas gift. Give Him Tools We are proud of the assortment of good tools we have been able to buy. Choose your gift from the following items; and know you will win the approval of the man you give it to. Pipe Wrenches Disston Saws Bolt Clippers Aluminum Levels Hammers Bit Braces Planes Hack Saws 10 Shopping Days Until Christmas The Algona Hardware

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