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EDITORIAL PAGE THURSDAY, NC)V| AS SWONn CLASS MATTKU I>K:i), liHK, in tin- pc.sti.mr,. nl Alumni, lown, under the Act «( .Miiicli :.', Is;:'. TRlH'MS OK Siri'.Su'llll'TION 1—To Koasiith county pustnffic. postofflccK [it Annstriiim, l!'"l ('enter, (.'o r \v i t li. ('ylimli'i HtitohlnM, I.lverinoiv, OHusi-n Hodman, S t i 1 s (j ii , \\.st lli'inl. ami \\ 'n.li'ii. yenr ?j.r,o 2—Advance nnil t'r>por Ix-s Muiiu'S both to i-mnn address nt any |ioslot'l'ii'i> in Kus:-Mith county or any rielgliburhig iiosUilTIci- nanird hi No. 1. year Jl.im 3—Ailvnnce alonp to rill (iiln-r post. 4—Advance nnd t'pi»T 1'cs Moim address at all imslolTn'1 s imt i-: v ' . your Advertising Hate lie p,-r column Using subject to publish..rs 1 :tp; .5200.000 from the Gardner Cowles Foundation and the Register & Tribune Co.; $112,500 from the Crawford Estate; $150,000 from !he Walts EsUite; $50,000 from the Hngen j Estate;$100.000 from the Meredith Publishing Co. (Successful Farming, etc.); $25,000 from Mr. and Mrs. George Peak; $100,000 from Yc'linker Bros. Inc. and the Younker Charitable Trust. Announced last week was an ? 100.000 gift from the F. W. Fitch Co. (bar HODGEPODGE Webster—A stew of Tailoui Ingredients; a mixture. THE CIGAHET shortage is becoming pretty lough—not only for civilians, but also for J the army overseas, which is certainly inex- added ! ^usable. If anyone should have them it is ! the combat troops. There have been some her supplies, etc.), and announced Sunday u S ]v stories as to the reason for shortages— wns a $100,000 gift from eight DOS Moincs bolh ;U home and overseas. | hanks. In the news Sunday was announce- ! Il is claimed by some dispatches that ship- I inent also that the Christian churches of i nicnts arc hijacked on French railroads, and The Papers Say The E. G.-Goldfield basketball authorities ore mad at each other and won't play in each other's yard this season. Seems the | two schools, only five miles; apart, got into a heck of a rumpus over school bus routes. here, brother; you hnve to know a guy named Joe.) Darn! That proposed new bus route via Mason City to Estherville was all set to go last wek, but then got held up for bus gas, and is still in the same fix—or was at last reports. The hardhearted M. C. ration board 1 How are you betting on which cigarets are most pop- TW !i ..t* /"UVt^IKrv'* fn lext thing to DO nana- . ( « Porlbo » to the sly from conceal-1 ulnr? ™* a " DB £, ln * Re gi s tor you) County, Minn., Registoi (county next north) claims that recent quiz 40 'sig' fiends Every New Tax Adds to the Cost of Living Without attempting more of a definition than is needed for the present limited discussion, economics may be said to he the study of what mass action affecting the people has done or will do. But if economics may bo called n sciei cc at all, it is far from an exact science, .ind it is a closed book for the great bulk nf the people. If included in lii;;h school curriculums, it makes liUle or no lasting impression on the minds of pupils, and most collet;- ,'",',"T ians get little more. It lakes seasoned experts to solve economic problems, and evon they are often at sea and often wrong. The foregoing reflections have been suggested by the fact that unless the present congress acts in prevention before January 1, the social security payroll t;:xes on employers and employes (except farmers, farm laborers, domestics, government workers, the self-employed, and minor exemptecs) will automatically be doubled. This is a matter of real concern to many affected taxpayers, for these taxes take a sizeable bite out of the incomes of both employers and employees, particularly the latter, who are less able to stand it. Though the exemplees are not at present directly concerned, their turn is coming, for politics has made it practically certain lhat in duo time they will be made subject to the samo taxes. Even as is. more; than 47,500,000 present social security cardholders are concerned. Social security legislation was one of the New Deal reforms of nearly ten years ago. In general the object of these employer-em- ploye taxes is to establish a fund for pensioning eligible employes who retire at 05. Employers get nothing. The taxes started at 1 per cent, the employers paying lhat figure on their payrolls and employes paying the same per cent out of their pay. Every employer has to hold back the employe lax, and every so often must remit li'o- proceeds of both taxes to a designated governmental collection agency. Under the original law the taxes of both employer avid employe were automatically to be doubled January 1. 10-13. but in 1942, as a war relief measure, congress acted to delay the advance to 2 per cent till .Ian. 1, 1944, and in 1943 extended the delay to Jan. 1, 1945. Now, as stated above, the c'.uoslion of another year's delay is up, hut the chances in favor are not good, for the administration is strongly against further extension. (The law provides for a final boost to 3 per cent later.) The arguments pro and contra on further postponement will not be gone into here, the Object of of these remarks being only lo suggest reflections by the reader on .vhere the incidence (that is, the burden) of taxation of this sort—in fact, of all taxation—eventually comes to rest. For brevity's sake this will be attempted in a paragraph or two. First, it is axiomatic that anyone who pays a tax must get it back somehow. He cannot pay it out of his necessary living, and pressure for normal profit will prevent him from continually lapping 1hat source. The only way to get it back is therefore to add taxation to what the price of his services or product would be without it. This is done in devious ways over a period of time, often without conscious intention. Thus all taxes eventually become a public burden, and every new tax adds to the burden already existing. This is economic law operating on statute law. Here is a homely personal illustration applicable to the employer-employe taxation: The Advance and its employes, let us say, start out by sharing the pension burden equally; eventually the employes find they cannot stand the deductions, so they ask more pay and get it. Meanwhile the Advance is discovering that its expense of operation is cutting into normal profit, so up go prices to the public—or they stay up, as, for example, these wartime subscription prices. And there's your Q. E. D. (meaning, which was to be demonstrated, or "Every New Tax Adds lo the Cost of Living.") town are raising $300,000 for a Drake theological building and endowment. These gifts, of course, follow many others m the long years since Drake's foundation, but the point to note is that the school is now definitely established as an institution j which wealth seeking an outlet for public purposes cannot overlook. Thus Drake, so to speak, now stands in the coveted limelight for the big money which any public service institution privately supported must have to make itself outstanding. To Algonkms the gifts from the Cowlcs Foundation and the Register & Tribune have been of particular interest, for Drake thus acquired its notable new Cowles library building and after Ihc war will have the funds for a building bearing Harvey Ings name. In connection with the foregoing remarks perhaps some mention to account for the \vriV v's interest in Drake will be excusable. After liberal arts graduation at the state university in 189G, Ihcre was a year in the Drake college of law, with graduation in 1897. The law school was then downlown and about the only campus visit then or since was a class salutatory at graduation exercises, but interest in the fortunes of Ihe university has remained during these intervening 47 years. Incidentally the writer believes he may have something unique in the way of Iowa educational diplomas, one from the slate university, the other from Drake, both signed by the same man as bead of the bo'.ii'd of regents or Irusteos—Governor F. M. Drake, cx-officio chairman of the state university regents and founder-chairman of the school bearing his name. The writer is also not a little proud of the signature as a regent of Harvey Ingham on the state university diploma. Let's Preserve the Parties of Our Fathers To begin with, this editorial deals with democratic politics but is not political in the usir.d sense of that adjective. The idea is that what relates to cither of our great political parties is, or ought to be, of interest to cv- ,.ry good citizen reg-.irclle.ss of party. During the recent campaign many nationally known democrats were concerned about tendencies williin Ihe parly, and their concern grew as the election returns were studied. Long prior to the election thoughtful democrats wore concerned about three developments: 1, The dissatisfaction in the Solid South; 2. The prominence and influence of city political bosses as demonstrated in the national convention; 3. The CTO-PAC demonstration of political activity and power. No. 1 turned ottt to be only a threat of possible future trouble. There was a big preliminary pyrotechnic display in some democratic strongholds, but *as usual it didn't show up in the vote. On the other hand, Nos. 2 and 3 called for real concern, confirmed fears the cigarets go lo the Black Market. In fact it is said the supply was so plentiful .at the beginning of the invasion that soldiers eagerly gave them away to French civilians as a goodwill gesture, which was O. K. at the time and is a matter for the judgment of the soldiers anyway, not the civilians at home. But the real cause is somewhere. Cigarets did not get this way overnight or for any particular one cause. The shortage of tobacco has been laid by many on the doorslep of the AAA program two years ago which limited Ihe amount of land that could be planted to tobacco. As tobacco must age for two years before being used this shortage did not develop till that year's crop was ready for use. That is probably one of the main causes, though certainly it can not be the only cause, for the AAA program, it is reported, was not a curtailment particularly of usual acreage which had been planted. There is also a story that totoaccg manufacturers' warehouses are filled, and the shortage is artificial, designed to force OPA to permit a 'boost in price. Cigarets, however, cannot be held too long, so this story may be just that—a story. The truth is everyone who smokes is smoking more than ever before. People are smoking earlier in life. For instance ten years ago high school students did not smoke, yet today, particularly in the cities it is commonplace. Another thing that hampers the supply is the facl lhat more and more women are smoking. In the past 5 years many women who never smoked have taken up the habit, and these added to the younger generation boosts consumption. Soldiers are inveterate smokers, as the activity in smoking and 'the smoke is a soothing influence to their nerves. Soldiers who smoke consume much higher quotas than civilians, particularly among combat troops. All advices are that the cigaret shortage will not be just for the moment, but will be with us as long as the war lasts—or at least for two years if more land sufficient to pro- Migosh, next thing to be handed out on the sly from conceal- men under the counter may be nothing but penny boxes of . matches and book matches! Any-1 in a re( how, the Blue Earth Post says 90, f 3 ™™?. per cent of box matches and 25 I t-ernuu, -., -_ ... M per cent of book matches arc you k jow), n PI1 M slated to go to_th_e armed forces, j ^^.^™X,' 4 ' (Now ro n Didn't take long last week for V° ur ° wn -) marf^cS^s^Sfarm- In case you fear your soWicr er, of a false statement charge for might be wounded 'by shrapnel a gas tax refund - exactly 30 j or something, you might send minutes (Farmers and we other! him a tin of cheese and advise common folks don't have much j him to wear it over where the time for nosey hair-splitting bu-! wound would be. Cpl. am a. . -n IT _XT™.»- n*<n TJ'WI' 111 reaucrats.) 'Dad' Harrison, who now writes of Mr. and Mrs. Fr J., fiaticroft.; writing home about thai big na- vnl baltle off Leyte in October. He was on one of those, midget carriers, and says that when the Japs turned tail and skipped, the nervy little carrier took right after them, with other American pursuers, und helped put the fear of God into the dastardly Nips. Fealuring a firemen's party, a 30-lb. turkey was recently thrown off fin Em'burg biz roof for whoever could catch it, Remember when they did that here in the other war? And there was some complaint that it was cruelty to birds. ports of ; Over here pars can post had ; lotteries i'i" lhc i 1111 tho n , lhi 'l the" Why doesn't son Hall to conic dvo "s a talk <„, his sponsored irm i France? H,,- s b ; over Iho rest ( >r map. (E WI . i,,,., the Rio Jr. . '"'« In his I spnal parii^. „,., lileration!) i<i''',i'j't nagin recalls 'lhc mulus Japonic! (O. K;. go ahead S^f R ' st : ' 1 Doggohe: something Jappy has invaded Wright county—the hu- f i , bar! when he South Amer rican , . s wit| '. Rll °iile<ll '"•• SB ' Patriot and add an 's,' if you like.) County weed commissioner found it I at tin- AnuVi v 1 growing near Clarion. Ames says i Lj. h ,';.',, '"I" ' for all but botanical ""' ;ll)oul l"w " !IS « cook. B was , the Oakland Acorn's Main Street j Purple Heart. column, dwelt on the scarcity of i McNamara, Em'burg, wore one that way, and it stopped mosl of the shrapnel for which he got the cigarets last week, saying a lot of shoe-leather gets exercise there every Friday "when the cigaret ,,,,.,, It's got so that there s at least one Kossuth boy fighting . in about every_ big action. Frexam- ^V^lJ" 1- i. J\-IU 1 T »* i » v- u »j > v, *,.|-,» — - f --- f*» *1 1 TIT 1 truck from Omaha is due. (Same pic, here's Ensign Bill Welp, son .'f'ns wore Hoy it's name for all but botanical' highbrows is Japanese hops, j (Which, maybe, it's what makes i Japs hop around-so much.) I drinkinK ^^darned good Comes now the Em burg Re- " ' porter with a third of a column of them balloon. story about ;>. Feather party, with j "bride" is m, w its door prize, Bingo, its wheel of] widow for D H chance" (quote) for ducks, and I somebody all that. But whore's that Em'-1 Seneca to burg postmaster, and how about I find out that federal law forbidding re-1 please.) she's ; U|) , !' 1 ftSj „ ^'"Sfrl As the Limelight Falls on Drake University Viewing the more or less regular news re ports of gifts from tho wealthy to Drake University, Dos Monies, readers in recent years must have gained the impression that the school is becoming a great institution. Of course it lias ahv;iy.s been but nov/ it is beginning lo stand out as second only to the state schools. Notable gifts in recent years have been for the election tables aroused in the campaign. As Raymond Moley has pointed out, the election as well as the national convention showed a democratic tendency to become a city and labor union party. But ' for that development, Roosevelt might not, probably would not, have been elected. But will it be well for the democratic party lo be dominated by city-union voting power? How about Flynn, Hague, Kelly, and their ilk? And how about the CIO-PAC? Ought either party to be dominated by a single group in the electorate? In post-election consideration of these questions not only democrats but republicans interested in maintenance undefilcd of Ihe country's bi-parlisan syslem have been startled to note that in Illinois Mr. Roosevelt carried only 17 counties in this election against 28 in 1940 and 72 in 1936. In Indiana Mr. Roosevelt also carried only 17 counties, but in 1940 he carried 32, and in 1936 he duplicated the Illinois 72 vote. In Ohio he carried only 13 counties this year, but 60 in 1940, and 62 in 1936. In Pennsylvania this year he carried only eight counties, 23 in 1940, and 42 in 1936. These figures show definitely the tendency towards progressive city-union dominance in democratic power during the last few years, and they alarm all observant citizens of either party who dislrust city-union election power and feel lhat Ihe counlry will be best served if both parties are not dominated by sectional or group voting but remain representative of the country at large. There doesn't seem to be much use in attempts to restore either state or national prohibition. In Nebraska a proposal for state prohibition was laid before the voters at the recent election, but was turned down three , , , to one; and in a recent dry-law national Gal- fiood .school, | |np p()J] men were on]y 31 per cent for lo Q9 per cent against, while women were 44 per cent for and 56 per cent against. When even women won't favor prohibition, the proposition looks pretty dead. duce the required amount is permitted by crop control agencies. Many men are turning .to a pipe, and in tho cities women are indulging in the hobby of smoking small pipes. This has been a strain on the supply of that kind of tobacco and a shortage there is also probable. Rationing at the moment does not appear feasible. For instance the use of tobacco is not as universal as food. Rationing would have to be on an individual basis. Then a man whose wife did not smoke would have an advantage over the man whose wife ! smoked, because the former would be get- j ling his wife's supply. The situation is comparable with liquor. In Iowa with a state store system plus licenses a rationing program such as has been adopted does work. The license permils the state commission to regulate sales per book. The use of cigarets is not licensed, hence everyone is eligible, and confusion would result. It's a condition that must be lived with, and the chances are very good that everyone will have to cut down on smoking, and some stout souls may even be induced by the difficulty in obtaining supplies to quit entirely. It has happened already. And perhaps that isn't such a bad idea at that, for it isn't very necessary when you come right dov/n to the problem. * * BOMBING OF TOKYO last week was acclaimed except in that country. The Japs have been too ruthless to be entitled to any sympathy. But bombs are not wasted on civilians—they go to Japan's industry, a war-shortening target. * * * PEOPLE WHO WERE led to believe the New Deal dreamers had been placed on the shelf were probably chagrined last week to read headlines that many of the crackpot ideas for remaking America into a Socialized state has been dusted off and were a part of the recent "mandate"! * THE MYSTERY OF HITLER'S disappearance from the active scene is such an interesting subject for speculation. There are so many possibilities plus so little real information that the imagination has no restraint. * * CHINA SEEMS to be dropping out of the international picture more and more, with France taking China's place. The only real difference between the situation now and that at the close of the last war is Russia's position. Russia can dominate, knows it, and plans it that way. There is little talk now about the Four Freedoms. Power politics seems to be the way the mess will end up, and power politics is exactly what messed up the situation before. There could be a new war in the making now, with men's personal ambitions the guiding spirit. Mouthed platitudes are for fooling fools. —D. E. D. NATIONAL'S QUALITY MEATS RK LOINS 27 C HILLS,' FOLGER'S OR HASH'S cor 29 Mb. Glass FRESH, LEAN ROASTS Lb. 3 to 4-lb. Avg. GREEN BEANS Eeei Roast 25 u. s. GOOD, BEST BLADE 1C Lb. Stew . DICED BONELESS 26 Lb. Ground Beef 25 PURE ALL MEAT 1C Lb. SKINLESS WIENERS ,,„. 29c HULK SAUERKRAUT .. ot , 15c TAN DRESSED ROSEFISH FILLETS WHEATIES 3 GOLD MEDAL 8-or. ,Pkgs. HONEY 35c CHOPS CENTER GUTS DIAMOND BRAND CHOICE PREFERRED PEANUTS 25 ROASTED IN THE SHELL LUNCHEON MEAT FRUITS & VEGETABLES TEXAS JUICE—SWEET IN FLAVOR OEANGES RATH'S Lbs. SOI.II) (ilti:i:N III3ADS CABBAGE 5 I.AK01C. fi\VEBT SPANISH ONIONS 3 \VA.\KD RUTABAGAS 3 Liu. 13c WASHINGTON DELICIOUS APPLES EXTRA FANCY & FANCY Lbs. GRAPES 21 C - Hazel Brand Flour, JSSS COFFEE CAKE NATIONAL BKKA1I CRACKED WHEAT . BLUE) lAIlKr. KARO SYRUP COMB AOA1N QRAPE JAM . ...• NATIONAL MANZA.MI.I.A STUFFED OLIVES .. Algona BUTTER tat E-lb. Ului *1 RAISINS BWKRI Mb, I'M. CALIFORNIA RED EMPEROR ai-BOOT OUH IHJEAKl AST COFFEE .. a .|b, CAMAY I SUPER SUDS SOA1* SWEETHEART .., GUEST HlifK PERSONAL IVORY HOUSEHOLD CLEANSER SUNBRITE LUX FLAKES. Large box . . . TOILET SOAP SOAP POWDER M-Ot. 5c 23* HY-IO Bleach 29c BLEACH & DISINFECTANT NORTHCBN KM! 5e '"ff TEA CO.