Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa on November 23, 1944 · Page 6
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Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Thursday, November 23, 1944
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Page 6
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fililTORIAL PACfft E000ttf|) (ftntnig AS -SBCON'D CLASS MAT KU :u, laos, Ht thi> postucriru m Iowa, under the Act.ot-March -'. IS7!>. UK- OV SUBSCRIPTION —To Koasuth county postofflcea and uirilorlnB • postuf flees nt Armstrong, Bode, Hrltt Murrain Center, Co.rwlth, 'Cylinder, Kltnort, Hardy, llutchins, Jjlvermore, Ottosen, Flake, Klngfllcd, Hodman, Sill son, West Hend. an WoiU-n. Year ... ,.__ —Advance and Upper Des Moines liothi to stime address at any postotflce In Kossutli bounty or ,nny neighboring postoffice named In No. 1, year ,„.,. ,„.»..„,„ ,.„ 1 ,-J-l.W) 3—Advance alone to nil other postofflecFi, |yenr $?..«) --M.-T- fttomte* 4—Advance and Upper'Des Molnea both adilreai at.all postofficea not excepted year to Advertising .Rate A'2c per column Inch. Using subject to publishers' approval. $5.00 11 rulver- The Unfair Voting Pqwer of the South After every presidential election j the disproportion between popular votes in the Solid South and in substantially equivalent northern states, with the consequent disproportion in electoral college voting strength, come into general question. Alabama and .Iowa, for example, fire much alike as regards area, population,' agriculture, industry, etc., yet there is a wide difference in Iowa's favor in the number of voters, and Alabama actually has cine more vote than Iowa has in the electoral college. The complete and official returns by stales in the recent election are not yet at hand, but the unofficial returns as of Nov. 11 are doubtless accurate enough for comparison. In that table Alabama's total vote is recorded as 174,222, while Iowa's is 1,045,199. Reducing this to a -percentage basis, Alabama's vote was only 16 plus per cent of Iowa's. Nevertheless Alabama's electoral college vote is 11. while Iowa's is only 10. The difference in tolal voles is, of course, the -result of the fact that in Alabama the Negroes, at least the great bulk of them, are kept from voting, and as Ihis works oul Ihe vole of any eligible while person in Alabama cuts the same figure as the votes of six and a fraction voters in Iowa. What is true of Alabama is true also in greater or lesser degree of the other slales of the Solid South. In Mississippi, for example, the total vote this year was only 107,058; in South Carolina, worst of all, total only 69,418. Yet Mississippi has nine votes in the electoral college, and South Carolina has eight. The Solid South has some 120 votes altogether in the electoral college, and since that section .always goes democratic, every republican presidential candidate has to cope with a heavy handicap. It is as if in World Series baseball one team had a smarting advantage of scores in every game. That this is an unfair and unhealthy situ- alion is generally admitted, but what to do about it is another question. Of course the Negro problem accounts for it, and but for that the South might vote normally (though not necessarily republican), as other states do. Many Northerners sympathize with southern views about voting by Negroes. Congress and the courts have many times had -to wrestle with this ubiquitous Negro problem. The Civil war made Negroes citizens, and a constitutional amendment provided that "The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or .any stale on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude" Nevertheless the Soulh has found means, mostly by the requirement of pqll taxes, to get around the amendment, and congress, though in the same amendment H was given enforcing powers, has not found it expedient to interfere. Of late the U. S. Supreme Court has taken some steps towards enforcement, in cases coming ,'before it, as recently when it decided that Texas could not keep Negroes from voting even in primary elections; but it remains a question whether even the courts can enforce compliance w|th laws repugnant to such a large section qf the country. When Burke, in the English parliament as it considered measures againsl] the revolting American colonies, said, "Yi;m can't indict a whole people," he expressed what i: about the situation which faces jhis country as regards the voting attitude of the South towards the Negro. carried only 63 per cent plus of the total electorate and Cox carried 36 per cent plus. Similar figures showing the discrepancy betvrten popular and electoral college per-, cenlages could be quoted for olher presidential elections, particularly Mr. Roosevelt's groat popular majority and greater electoral college victory against Lanclon, but it is Ihe results Ihis year lhat are of present interest. In the political campaign concluded with the eleclion of Nov. 7, it had been expected on both sides lhal Ihe popular vole would be close, and Ihis turned out to be the case, if a difference of only three millions in a total of 45 millions may be considered about as close as presidential elections ever get. According to the unofficial popular vote Mr. Roosevelt this year received 24,307,598 votes to 2!,224,447 for Dewey. The percentages were 53 plus for Roosevelt and 46 plus 'or Dewey. But who would have thought the vote was that close from the electoral college voles of 432 and 99 respectively? In he electoral college the percentages were 80 plus and 19 plus. How can such differences come about? The answer is thai no matter what the percentages in any state may be the stale's svholc elccloral college vole goes lo the winner of the stale majorily, and this would be true if the winner gol only one vole more lhan his rival in lhal stale. In Iowa, for example, Dewey received 547,823 voles and Roosevell received 497,397. Iow:i Ihus went republican, but by only 52 per cent plus. Roosevell received 47 per cenl plus of the Iowa vote, but when the electoral vote is taken he will not get a single vote, for all of Iowa's electoral college votes will go to Dewey. And if any reader of democratic persuasion thinks thal's unfair, this column agrees with him but suggests that he hunt up a stale where the case is the other way around, and then report how he feels. HODGEPODGE Webster—A stew of various Ingredients; a mixture. Long, Long Ago Advances of Nov. 11-18, 1914. State Attempts to Forbid the Closed Shop That Queer Institution the Electoral College An interesting feature of the recent elections was an allcmpt in three slales — Arkansas, California, Florida—to hamstring union labor by outlawing the closed shop. To the voters was submitted a proposal making it unlawful to refuse employment to anyone n the ground or non-membership in a un- on. Automatically this carried wilh il denial of another vital principle of unionism, the :heck-off, as far as non-union labor was con- erned, and it would also have made difficult, if not practically impossible, the application of the check-off system irupartly U£on and partly free labor shops because of Ihe discriminalion which that would have nvolved. The "closed shop" means a shop in which under penalty of slrikes none but union la- oor is employed, and the "chock-off" means that the employer in union shops is required lo deduct union dues from the pay of em- ployes and turn the money over to the unions. The "check-off" is a prize means of maintaining enforced union membership and filling union Ireasuries. In California, which has become somewhat of an industrial stale, Ihe anli-closed shop pvoposal was defealed — wilh Ihe aid, il is said, of $250,000 of union money — bul in Florida il carried, .and in Arkansas it was last week reported ahead by a narrow margin but the final outcome in doubt awaiting slow returns. Of course any allernpl to enforce such n proposal would meet with instant opposition in the courts. In Wisconsin, indeed, a law involving a somewhat similar proposal was enacted into law, but its teeth were pulled for the time being when Ihe American Fed- eralion of Labor secured a slale supreme court ruling lhal a national war labor board decision ordering a closed shop "having been issued in the exercise of the war powers of the executive in time of war, [it] supplants and operates to suspend stale aclion in regard to the same subject mailer." Presumably the AFL would have carried the question to the federal courts but for this favorable slate court ruling, and that resource remains for resort, if necessary, after the president's war powers expire. The ultimate fate of such laws therefore remains in abeyance, but in view of Ihe present tendency of federal courts to find excuses lo in- validale slale laws in Ihe federal inlerest, it may be more than doubtful lhal Ihe slate laws will pver b.? upheld. ONE OF THOSE tragic things that,happen everywhere too .often js >the impending death of the 3-year-old at Cheyenne, .Wyo., .'from an incurable kidney ailment. The plight of the youngster and his parents came to light when the news story of the advancement of | this youngster's Christmas to last : Sunday so I he would be here to enjoy it—->for December 20 would probably have been.too.late. From all over the country have cornie^glfts to ;the child. Despite all the evidence ;that.might be cited to the contrary, this is such a nice world at times. w w" r, IOWA'S WINTER climate to date,has been all thai could have been ordered, and makes us feel so sorry for the people .-in sunny California who have sent hurry-up calls back.for overshoes, galloshes, and rubbers as protection from liquid fog. Out-here, we call it rain. Go to sunny California if you know how to swim in a swift current. WONDER WHY everyone Is so curious to know where Hitler went to? If he's dead .it's a cinch where he went. If he is still alive why should anyone care what happened to him? Whatever it was it wasn't bad enough? * £ * '" CENSORSHIP IS sometimes .cruel and misleading. When the news first broke of the Leyte naval victory it seemed.about the only thing we lost was our breath in chasing the Nips. Now it seems we got pushed around a little also. That's one of-the things to keep in mind in listening to the radio and forming snap judgments—the whole story- isn't told! We didn't learn much about Pearl Harbor lill two years later, and there is still too much that hasn't been told, and maybe never will be known. * * MA YE THE ELECTION is a dead issue to most people but the "letters from readers" deparlmenls in daily papers are still fighting it over again and again and again. wort- Eve" Algona male show fans agog because "A Modern with 50 pretty girls in the chorus was Coming to the Call. Say, does this mention in the Advance of 30 years ago refer to our third district supervisor? — "Willie Schram has for some years been his father's right hand man on the farm near Titonka, and last week the appreciative parent' bought -the boy a Ford runabout." one no In presidential election post-mortems thing always sure to atlract Attention mailer which party wins is the discrepancy between the popular vote and the vote of our unique and peculiar electoral college. If the winner, as, for example, |n Hireling's case or'Roosevelt's, receives a grpat majority in the electoral college, the public tends to get the impression that the popular vote is represented'by the electoral college vote, bul the truth may be, and usually is, quite otherwise. In 1920 the democratic party was badly disorganized, and Haz'ding receiyed 404 electoral college voles compared wjith 127 for Cox. In percenlages Ihis figured oul to 68 ( er cent plus for Harding and .only 31 por cent plus or less than one-foui|lh for Cox, the democratic nominee. But notwithstanding the disprganization of the democratic party thai ya\r Ihe popular vote was considerably different from the electoral college vote, for Hard Jig, though his popular total was considered a record, •Webster City voters smiled about this one: On the G. O. P. ticket Lawyer D. C. Chase was reelected stale senator, and the first thing he had to do after the election vas to -defend—yes, defend—his democratic opponent in a.civil court suit. Algona society women gave parties in series 30 years ago. Example: Mrs. Jennie Thompson, Mrs. Paul P. Zerfass, Mrs. C. B. Murtagh, and Agnes Rice had issued invitation 'for two card parties, and all but Mrs. Thompson were going to wind up with a sewing parly. (That last one be- FORMER tons cause cards were still some .Algona women.) intul for . A'.'?L. Peterson, county G. O. P. chairman, had flabbergasted the- cpunly republican candidates in.tKe. 1914 election by returning the/urlused portion of their campaign fund contribulions. (Nolh- ing of the kind was ever heard of before — or since.) — «— You could ask Mrs. D. L. Lef- ferl whelher she ever heard a sermon by Billy Sunday. It seems that back in 1914, when "Miss Ida Anderson" was deputy county auditor, she "went to Ames on a Saturday to attend a football game, and when she hadn't returned by the following Tuesday her courthouse colleagues claimed she was hearing Billy preach. IS MARRIED Lotts Creek, Nov. 22 - Many here were greatly surprised last Thursday, when a picture ot Lyle C. Aarhus appeared in a Des Moines paper reporting that he was married, had three children, .was living at ,003 Sixth ave Des Moines, and had received a medical discharge from the army. . , . ... Lyle was a farmhand in 'this vicinity before entering service in 1942. He is at present employed as a paper tiutler for an envelope company, and he was first in Iowa lo file application for a loan for the purchase of a home under a new G. I. law. He was to buy a house costing $3750. The young man was a buck sergeant, and plenty of action as a member of an anti-aircraft gun crew on the Anzio beachhead in Italy, later in the drive north of Rome. Lucille Jenlz a Bride— The Rev. A. F. Otto officiated at the wedding of Lucille Jentz and Harold Elmers at St. John's Lutheran church, Fenlon, Sunday evening at 7 o'clock. Pastor and Mrs. Otto attended a reception at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Jentz. Sev- ei'al women from here attended a shower at Fenton Friday evening for Miss Jentto. ., Error in Crop Report— In a story in a recent Advance it was said that John Schallin's corn (Funk's hybrid) went only 14 bushels to the acre. This was error, for the yield was better than 114 bushels to the' acre. What evidently was the mallei was lhat the linotype failed to cast the first figure "1" and the. proof reader failed to notice the omission. THERE'S SOMETHING queer about Jhe cigaret shortage that really hasn't been explained. All the ciggy concerns report making more and more than ever before. Still there is an acute shortage. Soldiers smoke more than normal, but even that increase in consumption does not entirely account for the cut in civilian supply. Could it be the Now, about that WAC whose picture holding up her prize rug you see somewhere in today's Advance: She wasn't making rugs Nov. 5, 1914, having just been born to Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Dehnert. will be conducted at 10:45 o. m. at the local church, but there will be no German services at .he Immanuel Lutheran church. The Man's club will meet next Monday. Many from here saw moving . --- .,-„„ ,,„,,,, pictures of the holy land shown I P rmt forms suit™ i ^ __;__;.„_,„ '.._ - ,, -Advance p u |>. c' 0 y ° ut l uy n Galilonn Kona hi«h S( , h(] week Wcdnos,. v " r -.„ — U(| y tvcnin, GOOD "-~- l JOB PlUNTlYio' «?°. not fil y(Ul ,.. , - .*,*,• ••,*.• • • • < now .at this Thanksgiving time our hearts nre fi|| ed , 0 overflowing . . . our eyes, once wet with tears . and broken hearts are surely mcnding of Thy blessings unto us. A mighty fortress is ow Godl . . . And that Divine guidance which has always be, I our priceless heritage is showing us the wayl For " this we offer thanks. Thou hast stood beside our lead I ... our loved ones, departed ... and those who have remained at home. Thou hast given us courage and led us victoriously into battle . . . to build th I •things which Thou hast taught us to be righteousl F this we offer thanks. May we in turn bring to Thee as proof of our devotion, the day when righteousness shall cover the earth ., .as the waters cover the sea, The Election Mandate for The President Editor F. W. Beckman in Knoxville Journal. the Looking back upon the eleclion of President Roosevelt to a fourth term, seven] things seem to have been mainly responsible. Firs!, there was a general belief that i" spite of his failure in his ad-ninistralion of home affairs Ihe president probably would do better than a new man in carrying on the war and working out the negotialions for peace. Second, the great campaign fund of the Political Action Committee gave Sidney Hillman extraordinary vote-gelling power. With that musl be included also the power of the bosses in such great voting centers as New York and Chicago. Third, the voting and vote-getting power of the "ins" had large influence. Probably more than 3,000,000 civilians hold government jobs of one sort or another by the appointment of the administration; probably olher millions have memories of doles received. Of course they all gave their votes and influence to the administration. cjggy ket by stocking every place in the world— thus causing a home front shortage? Soldiers have reported foreign soldiers also plentifully supplied with American made smokes. Not kicking—just wondering. * * * THERE USED to be a saying, from the Old Bard, to the effect there is something rotten in Denmark. The same saying could be used by substitutipg China. What gives there is anybody's guess. But it's a country that is bitterly fighting within itself while trying to battle the Japs, and the war between elements of China is more bitter than the Chinese war against the Japs. And intermingled with the whole mess is a battle for control of each separate fighting unit. WHAT HAS become of the prophets who predicted Germany would fall before the election? * * ONE OF THE post-war projects,to be submitted to the legislature is a 12-year road program to cost $638,000,000. This money, it is proposed, would be raised by boosting the gasoline tax one cent, eliminating the refund on gas tax to farmers, .and higher truck license fees. The gas refund to farmers is for gasoline on implements in the field which are not used for highway transportation. Such gasoline should not be taxed for roads, and the farmer should not have to pay a road-building tax on gasoline he uyes to operate his tractor in the field. THERE ARE SO many things to be thankful for in this country of ours. Maybe everything isn't just hunky-dqry, but it comes much closer here than anywhere else in the world. It is particularly fitting that a day be set aside for at least a mental review of the things that we have that perhaps we are not entitled to. Bui like Americans instead of observing the things we have and contemplating the Ihings lhat could have happened to us we gobble up the turkey, and spend the day cussing the government or our competitor, or something else at the moment. Thai's whal really makes us a great nation though—a sense of dissatisfaction with things as they are. For if we were satisfied and complacent and content we would have ceased to grow. Maybe that's what we should be most thankfulfor—the fact that we are not satisfied with what we have—rgreat.as it is—because we have enough vision to see things as they might be, and though we can not reach the heighths in one jump we do keep trying and gaining a little here and there. Let us also be thankful that the boys who see the rest of the world in its degredation are big enough of heart to forgive us our petty complaints. —D. E. D. • • Members of Ihe Tuesday club had yielded lo temptation by eating more than was good for them at a big spread served by Mr. and Mrs. Archie Hutchison, and the Halcyonites were going lo do Ihe same al Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Nor- tbn's. (Yeah, and how many, lat«» :.*-», : _u t - colyumisl, to walk the floor will) 'gas on the stomach'?) That was the year we voted on county division. After the election . but before the result was known, Jake Freeh, then of Bancroft, predicted in his Bancroft •column in the. U. D. M. that division had won by 400 majority. In fact it- lost, 3599-920, and even lost, 824-802, "in tho area proposed to be set off as "Bancroft" coun- ly. The Advance dryly remarked: "Jake always was .an enthusiastic cuss." The Topic said that Dorothy Winkel, Algonn, had spent Indian day and till Sunday al Ti- helped a beau — Fuller — celebrate tonka and had Barber Harold a birthday. New Son and New Girl— Mr. and Mrs. Delbert Geitzenauer are parents of a girl, born lasl week Tuesday, and Mr. and Mrs. Harold Kerslen have a new son, born Saturday at the Kossuth hospital. Mr. Kerslen is cheesemaker at the local factory. Alaska Soldier at Home— Clarence Zumach, of the army in Alaska for more than two years, is spending a 23-day furlough at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Car? Zumach. This is his first furlough since he was inducted into th° army. New Girl at Burl— ',,Word has been received of the birth of a daughter to Mr. and Mrs. Martin Dreyer, Hurt, who have one other child, a son, LaiTy. Other Lotts Creek. Wayne Meyer entertained a few schoolmates in honor of his birthday last Thursday after school. The Rev. Mr. Otto and his -family were last Thursday | evening dinner guests at Martin' F. -Meyer's. The A. A. L. met Friday evening at the Lutheran schoolhouse. Fordie Mittag, U. S. N., and Martin Potratz spent Saturday at Austin, Minn., visiting the Henry Wetzels and Mr. and Mrs. Ewald Kohlwes. English services ner.t Sunday LEST WE FORGET . . . this Nation's 6th War Loan offers every Am another great; opportunity for rendering devoted service and forsj .the day.of thanksgiving for final victory and peace. Buy, gem STANDARD OIL COMPANY (INDIANJ SUPPORT THE 6™ WAK 101 Buy at least an extra $100 War Bond • ••••••t*lll When it came to representalive in Ihe eleclions of 1914, Ihe vol- ers gave J. W. Sullivan, democrat, 2944 votes to only 10G4 for J. M. Dye, Swea City lawyer, republican. The majority was 1880. Dye was suspected of favoring county division, but Sullivan's standing was such that he would have won anyway, though Kossuth was then strongly . republican. C. A.' Samson, running on the G. ,O. P. ticket, was elected sheriff in 1914 by a majority of 1180 over both the Demo and Bull Moose nominees. (It has been strongly suspected ever since that Mrs. Samson voted for him.) Wonder if the owner of that red bandanna handkerchief Mrs. Lamoreux, Titonka, found in her chicken house ever claimed it. She advertised it jn the Topic. Any of the women up at Swea City remember that mean trick the men played on them at a Halloween party? In a game the males were all herded into a room till wanted, but the whole evil-minded kit of them decamped through a window. SMftr/NG fRIDAY... Howard Beardsley was already some pumpkins as a politician in those far-off days. Anyhow, Tom J. White, in the Champion, said Howard had -been over at Whitte- mpre and had rounded up a lot of auditorship votes for his dad. E. H. was elected. s* to Slushes Price THESE ARE BUT A FEW OF TH JS!!S = BARGAINS IN THIS DRASTIC ANN THANKSGIVING CLEARANCE At the Soroptomist pancake supper last Thursday evening Mayor Frank Kohlhaas was talking about apples, but he didn't reveal that when he and Phil had that grocery store here 30 years ago they had a painful experience with a carload of apples on track. To .keep the apples from freezing o.ver night, they put a couple of oil heaters into the car and one of them exploded, setting afire the car, .which had to be shunted away from the buttertub factory. The car's roof, or part of it, .was ruined. (Never have heard .whether the boys served roasted apples to the public next day, nor whether the C. & N. W. made them pay .for the car damages.) LADIES FUR FABRIC CQATS Reg. to $22,85. Sov* up \ 9 $7^5.. . $ | ft 1ADIE$' FAli DRESSES Sharply Reduced to... r. r. .- LADIES' GABARDINE SKIRTS Regular $2.39. REG. SOelADJES'RAYON HOSi • r " ""45 REG; 7.95 LADIES' QUILTED ROBES A Grand Gift-Savings Opportunity.. «T17 LADIES' FALL HATS ReducedI 14 and |» w M or«!, ... $ | .« VatiMt jo $3.9} 'J and «jf LADIES' COLORFUl MiAD*CARFS Originally $1. Reduced to". sheer lAPJES' RATION FREE STYLE forme,rly»0$4.pD. Reduced to...'-' LADIES' RATJON FREE SPORTS t 0: $2.45. Reduced to.. •"• form»riy 19 $1.98. Reduced to S * I CO-

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