BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L-NO. 38 Blytheville Courier Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Daily New* Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 6, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Except Sunday* Y SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT! By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA (AP) — East and West were reported split today over the chairmanship of the Indochina sessions of the Geneva conference. There were signs the negotiations to bring peace in Indochina may have to be postponed until next week. talks tomorrow or Saturday. Vietnamese and Laotian delegates got in today. The rebel Vietminh contingent already was on hand. But # # * Demos Told U.S. Lost At Geneva lit in GOP Said Cause Of Reversal WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Guy Gillette (D-Iowa) told a national Democratic conference today the United States suffered '"'an astounding and unprecedented reversal" at Geneva on the question of Indochina. He blamed it on what he called a "split" Republican administration lacking a foreign policy. He said the 1952 election put one group of Republicans in charge of the executive branch and another group in Congress. The "fiasco" at Geneva, he said, is only the most glaring example of what price America is paying in the struggle against Communist imperialism. Secretary of State Dulles said yesterday the Geneva talks are going about as anticipated and that he knows of nothing that has happened to justify an interpretation that the United States had suffered any defeat. President Eisenhower told his news conference a few hours later he has unqualified faith in Dulles. He said no one loses a battle white the battle is still going on. Would Heal Break Gillette said selection of a Democratic Congress in November would not cure "the split in the Republican party, which may well be incurable, but it will heal the breach in our government and allow the President to lead America in the leadership of the free world." Gillette, a Foreign Ralations Committee member, said the country will live to regret the administration's decision not to use the United Nations machinery to halt the Indochina war. "We could have hauled the Red aggressor before the bar of world opinion," he said, "but we pre- the hope for quick action faded with the lack^of agreement on the chairmanship and the fact delegates from Cambodia, partner of Viet Nam and Laos in the Associated States of Indochina, have not arrived in Geneva. And a Paris crisis over the Indochina war situation competed for the attention of the diplomats in Geneva. The fate of Premier Joseph Laniel's government was tied to a vote of confidence in the French National Assembly. Experts predicted that, after hours of debate, Laniel would win. Foreign Minister Georges Bidault decided to stay on the job here, rather than return to Paris per- agreed to get started as soon as possible. The discussions undoubtedly would have begun today had it not been for the French Cabinet difficulties. Arrangements Completed The critical military situation at Dien Bien Phu made the talk's a doubly urgent matter to Western diplomats here. Most of the arrangements for the Indochina talks here have been completed. A room in the Palace of Nations, in a wing., separate from that being; used for the Korea ntalks, has been prepared ior the meeting. The debate on Korea will be resumed tomorrow afternoon at what Battle Boi ' 5 Stevens Change in Testimony 'Perjury' sonally to combat an outburst of mav be one of the J ast plenary meetings of that ly-nation conference. Later discussions will be carried on primarily in a seven- nation group limited to the four big powers. Red China, North Korea and South Korea. The 16 nations here which fought unfier the United Rations flag in Korea continued consultations today in an effort to reach agreement on a Korean peace proposal acceptable to all the U. N. Allies. Most 'diplomats already have concede privately there is little hope of finding a formula that would satisfy both the East and West. For that reason there has been strong sentiment for winding up the Korean phase of the confer- parliamentary criticism. New Instructions The French Cabinet, meeting in advance of the Assembly session drafted fresh instructions for Bi dault on the Indochina negotiations and assigned Marc Jaquet, minis ter for the Associated States, to bear them to Geneva. There was n ohint as to what the instructions were. U. S. Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith received from British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden an account of discussions Eden had with Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov after a dinner meeting at the Briton's villa ferred to revert to outworn methods of military intervention." Gillette's remarks were prepared for a panel on "American security" at the second day's session of the Democratic National Committee meetings. The party rally will come to a close tonight with a SlOO-a-plate Jefferson-Jackson dinner at which former President Truman will be an informal speaker. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson and Rep. Sam Rayburn, Texas leaders of the minority party- m Senate and House, are billed for "major speeches" to" pep up the drive for election of Democratic majorities in Congress in November. Adlai E. Stevenson, the party's 1952 presidential candidate, was originally listed for a talk, but he did not come on advice of his physician. He is recovering from an operation. last night. An informed source said that Eden, acting on behalf of the United States, France and other interested countries, suggested chairmanship rotating among Bidault, Eden and Molotov. While Molotov did not immediately reject this suggestion, it was' said tie showed no great interest in it. The informant said two other proposals had previously run into snarls: The Communist turnec down Prince Wan Waithayakon of Thailand as sole chairman and the French were understood to have rejected continuance for the Indochina talks of the arrangement followed for the Korean debate—a chair rotating among Prince Wan, Eden and Molotov. No Betrayal Tiet "NanVs deputy Premier Nguyen Trung Vinh heads the Vietnamese delegation which arrived here today. He was accompanied by Foreign Minister Ngyuen Quoc Dinh and Democratization Minister Nguyen Dae Khe. Khe promptly told a news conference his government, headed by ex-Emperor Bao Dai ,"was not made to betray the past, present and future of the nation" and would never accept partition. Laos' high commissioner to Paris, Princet Khammao, got in on the same train as the Vietnamese. A dispatch from Saigon aid other members of the Laotian delegation, headed by vice Premier-Foreign Minister Phoui Sananikone, left that city today by air for Geneva. The chief of the Cambodian delegation will be Foreign Minister Tee Phan. Among its members will be Nong Kimmy. Cambodian ambassador to Washington. He is to arrive tomorrow. With Viet Nam taking a firm position against division of Indochina into rival- sphres of influence, the French delegation here was reported under great pressure from home to get a settl- ment. Bidault, in a ticklish situation, was said to be resisting all suggestions for settlement terms that did not contain guarantees ence sometime next week a possible. HELPS WOUNDED TROOPS IN DIEN BIEN FHU — Geneviere De Galard Terraube, 29-year- old French Air Force nurse, has been the only woman tending the wounded in the battered bas- tion of Dien Bien Phu. At left, she stands near rocks and fortifications of the fortress. At right is a closeup. (AP YVirephoto) Britain to Join Allied Talks if Parley Fails LONDON (AP) — Britain has moved a step closer to the Indochina war arena. American and British sources say she has agreed to join Allied talks on united military action in the Far Eastern battlefield if the Geneva peace parley fails. The report came as _.London newspapers voiced fears Britain would drift into a serious split with the United States over Allied action in Indochina. Moscow radio asserted that British refusal to join in "new aggressive plans" had 'isolated" the United States at 3-eneva. The American-proposed parley s expected to take place within the next three weeks in either Washington or Singapore. Informants said it would discuss plans for: 1. Underwriting any sort of po- itical settlement in Indochina that might emerge from the Geneva Barley. 2. Saving Indochina from being overrun by the Communist-led Vietminh if the peace talks fail. Composition Undisclosed Projected composition of the conference was not disclosed, but the United States, Britain, France, Austrialia, New Zealand and Canada at least are expected to send staff officers. Commenting on the danger of an American-British rift, the Liberal News Chronicle declared: "Unity requires shared readiness to negotiate. But at this moment any American statesman who expresses readiness to negotiate is howled down as an appeaser—before anyone knows what he is proposing to negotiate." The Conservative Daily Mail said public opinion in the two See BRITISH on Page 6 Southern Democrats May Block T-H Changes WASHINGTON (AP) — Georgia's Sen. Russell said to- iay he would vote to send the Taft-Hartley revision bill back o the Labor Committee "if it can be shown that Democrats on hat committee did not have the fullest and freest right" to have their proposals considered there. Russell, sometimes considered n unofficial spokesman for Southern Democrats, said in an interview: Laniel demanded a ballot of con- j "Denying a minority their rights against Communist duplicity. $1,331 Received In Cancer Fund Drive to Dote Louis Isaacs, of Blytheville. chairman of the Cancer Association's fund campaign in North Mississippi County, said today that a total of $1,331 has been obtained to date. Goal of the campaign is S2.000. Of the total on hand, 51,000 wa obtained through the Blytheville Community Chest, $306 was contributed by Leachville -residents and $25 was given by Missco Imple ment Co., here. Mrs. H. H. Howard is chairman of the fund drive in Leachville. licence, requiring him to resign if defeated, on his refusal to open Assembly debate on Indochina while the Geneva parley is under way. Some deputies demanded that the debate start May 14. Quick opening of the Indochinese phase of the Far Eastern conference was assured late yesterday when French Ambassador Jean Chauvel and Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko in committee is no way to run a committee." Inside Today's Courier News . . . Bob Lemon Is Hoping to Sidestep May Jinx . . . Stanky Want* to Know Who Orders the long Ball (flames)' . . . Sports . . . page 7. . . . . Parole Officers Say Most Men Freed Become Good Citizens . . Third in a Four-Part Series on Arkansas' Clemency System . . . paire 3. . . . . . Knowledge of Communism Needed to Combat It* Evils . . . Editorial! . . . pare 9. . . . . . The Report Card . . . New* of Your City Schools . . . pa ire 5. . . 76 Missco Men Given Draft Sixteen men were sent by Mississippi -County Draft Board No. 41 to Lillle Rock for physical examinations this morning, according to Miss Rosie Saliba. clerk. Seven of the men called failed to report. Those leaving today were: Flavious Underwood and James Ollie Justice, both of Wilson; Raymond Heath of Luxora; Loy Arzo Crews, Jr., George Roland Green, Elmer M. Grass, Jesse L Johnson, Hershel Edward Johnson and John Benjamin Bunn, all of Blytheville. Carl Leslie Threlkeld of Manila; Rupert Howard Biggidake of Osceola; Doctor Mack of Olive Branch, Miss.; William Bryan McNabb of Monette; Howell Franklin Foster and Ralph O'Neal, both of Joiner; and Arch Junior Cassey of St. Louis, Mo. Those failing to report were: Raymond Phillips of Jonesboro, J. B. Meacham of Harthorne, Calif., James Haile Carlisle of Os* ceola, William Harry Saige of Denver, Earl Cleve Crowe, Jr., of Joiner nnd William of Warren, Ind. Marion Cool Two Hurt In Wreck In County A Blytheville man and a Mem- phian were injured in separate traffic accidents yesterday and today in Mississippi County. Utah Brady, 19, of Blytheville, was taken to Chickasawba Hospital yesterday afternoon after a motorcycle which he was riding skidded off the highway and tvsnt into a ditch on the Number Nine road about a mile east of Highway 61, according to Herman Lane, deputy sheriff. An attending physician reported his condition this morning as having improved "a little." He is suffering from a brain injury, the extent of which has not been determined, the doctor said. James R. Smith, Jr., of Memphis, was reported in good condition at the Osceola Memorial Hospital today where he was taken after the car he was driving left Highway 01 at the Bryan Farms intersection about three miles south of Osceola. The accident, which occurred about 9 a.m. today, was caused, Mr. Smith reported, when a pick-up truck stopped in front of him without giving a signal and he tried to dodge around it. It is possible that he has a fractured neck, the attending physician said. Complete x-rays had not been made this morning. Deputies Cliff Cannon and Dave Young are investigating the acci- fenk . The Senate may vote tomorrow on a Democratic move to send the bill back to committee. If the move succeeds it may kill the measure for this session. Chairman H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) of the Labor Committee told the Senate when Taft-Hartley revision debate opened Monday that committee Republicans "reluctantly agreed*' to limit the bill to changes in the law specifically recommended by President Eisenhower. Democrats have charged steamroller tactics were used to block their proposed amendments. Party Vote The committee measure was reported out for debate along strict party lines 7-6. In the Senate as a whole the Democrats outnumber Republicans by one. But there has been a quevstion as to whether the Southern Democrats would go along with their Northern colleagues in a vote to send the bill back to committee. Russell, who is not a Labor Committee member, said no committee of Congress should limit its discussion of legislation "to whatever the President happens to recommend." He continued: "We are not a co-equal branch of government if we can't consider matters beyond the President's recommendations." The Senate agreed yesterday to limit debate to 90 minutes, starting tomorrow, on each amendment or motion to the committee bill. Debate on the bill itself will be limited to two hours, divided equally between those for and those against. The motion to recommit is likely to provide the first test of Republican efforts to pass Eisenhower's Taft-Hartley revision program designed to reinforce the "basic objectives" of the present law. Sen. Knowland of California, the Republican leader, expressed confidence Republicans can defeat the move and predicted final passage US-Supplied Planes Pound Vietminh Privateer Bombers, Carrier Planes Hit Reds in Huge Assault HANOI, Indochina (AP) — U. S. supplied Privateer bombers dropped tons of fragmentation bombs on Vietminh troops crushing in today on Dien Bien Phu. Dive bombers anc fighters from an aircraft carrier in the Gulf of Tonkin joined in a massive air assault on the rebel lines. of the bill Goldv/atcr next xveek. But Sen. ft-Ariz) said the vote would to "very close." A French Army spokesman said the fragmentation bombs—which burst into thousands of splinters before hitting the ground—tore big gaps in the CommunisUed Vietminh ranks. The Vietminh had regrouped and bolstered their attack positions earlier today but gave no indication when they might unleash their next massive assault. The Privateers, each carrying four 500-pound bombs, roared over freshly dug Vietminh trenches to drop their deadly load. Other bombers from the carrier Bois Belleau—the former American warship Belleau Wood—concentrated on Vietminh artillery and antiaircraft positions. Little Land Action The French spokesman said there was no importarit land fighting during the day. French army headquarters reported the critical hours of darkness last night passed "calmly" for the garrison troops stubbornly clinging to the core of the fortress defenses. The maze of trenches, dugouts and bunkers is now less than five eighths of a mile across. It was the second night in a row without ground action. Rebel artillery and mortars, however, kept up incessant pounding of key French positions to soften the way for the next infantry charge. Hitting back French guns lobbed more shells into enemy positions in the encircling hills. French firepower was backed by warplanes durincr a few hours of clear weather yesterday. The fighters and bombers concentrated their heaviest blows southeast of Dien Bien Phu, attempting to knock out guns bombarding the isolated southernmost strongpoint, "Isabelle." 40 Yards Away Vietminh soldiers digging trenches in the mud flats around the main French barricades were reported within 40 yards—grenade- hurling distance — of the outer barbed wire entanglements. Enemy spearheads in one sector were only 600 yards from the headquarters of Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, the French said. (The Vietminh radio, heard in Hong Kong, claimed the rebels had hacked their way to within 330 feet of the command post. The Communist radio admitted the attackers had to struggle hard for each foot of new ground but claimed the fighting had been a "chain of victories.") Plying Boxcars and C47s, furnished to the French by the United States, managed to hit Dien Bien Phu's tiny target area with more paratroop reinforcements and ammunition and other supplies during yesterday's brief break in the drenching summer monsoons. Six huge U. S, Air Force Globe- masters were on their way from southern Prance with 450 critically needed French army and Air Force technicians. They took off yesterday from Marseille. The on<?-difitflnce airlift was the second big American ferrying job for Uit French in three weeks. Senator Lauds Native Defenders Dien Bien Phu Mansfield Says They Prove Anti-Red Armies Can Be Trained in Asia By RUSSELLr BRINES WASHINGTON W — Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) said today the "great contribution" being made by native troops in defending Dien Bien Phu shows that effective anti-Communist armies could be trained in Indochina. Mansfield, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said approximately 4,700 Viet- amese and 1,500 Cambodians are among some 12,000 defenders of Dien Bien Phu, the besieged fortress in northern Indochina. There is still time, he added in an interview, to build up anti-Red forces if the French make further concessions to independence demands. Secretary of State Dulles was quoted by informed sources last night as having told a bipartisan group of 24 members of Congress that this country has no present plans to send any forces into the Indochina war. Worse Involvement Dulles was said to have reported that President Eisenhower regards Indochina, as a far worse place to involve American forces than was Korea. Vice President Nixon has said this country may have to send in combat troops in what he called the unlikely event the French withdraw. Dulles reportedly told the secret briefing session he plans to go ahead with his plans for "united action" to protect Southeast Asia from Communist conquest, even if Britain balks, as she has done pending Geneva talks on the situation. He was represented as saying, however, he thinks Britain eventually will go along. The secretary was said to have told the congressmen that some thought is being given to the drawing of a defense line around the Indochina states of Laos and Cam- bodiea and pledging the United States and Allied nations to defend them against aggression. They are less heavily involved Demo Senators Call For Prosecutions WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McCarthy cried "perjury" today at Secretary Stevens and Democratic senators called for prosecutions as a result of what one termed McCarthy's "fraudulent letter" episode in the McCarthy-Army hearings. • In swift and turbulent sequence:: 1. The Senate InvcstiRations subcommittee voted to send a daily transcript of its hearings to the Justice Department. This was on motion of Sen. McClelhm (D-Ark). 2. Sen.' Symington iD-Mo), endorsing McClellnn's move, said someone wns "absolutely guilty" of violating- the law in connection wiih McCarthy's getting material from a secret FBI report. He called McCarthy's document, center of a storm yesterday, "this fraudulent letter." Senator Snaps Back 3. McCarthy snapped that Symington was "trying to punish those who dare to give out information on espionage in secret radar laboratories" at Ft. Monmouth, N.J. And IIP charged that Symington and Sen. Jackson (.D-Wnsn) were "part of a secret effort" to hamper his investigation of Co munists in the Army. McCarthy said too he was sorry Symington and Jackson, who walked out on his committee last year along he had gone back to the Pentagon ing that after a Feb. 24 meeting with McClellan, ever came back 4. Secretary Stevens testified he had made an error in earlier testimony to the subcommittee. He said he had been incorrect in stat ing that after a Feb. 24 meeting with the McCarthy subcommittee he had gone back to the Pentngon and conferred only xvith his staff Actually, Stevens said, he hac found on checking that he met with 21 uniformed and civilian official? of the Pentagon, including then Undersecretary of Defense Rogei M. Kyes, Army Chief of Staff Matthew S. Ridgway; H. Sf.ruve Hensel, then Defense Department counsel but now nn assistant sec retary of defense, and Fred Seaton, also an assistant secretary of defense. Clear Cut Perjury Of the 21 present. Stevens said, 17 were members of his staff. McCarthy hopped on this change of testimony with a declaration that it appeared to be a "clear-cut ca.se of perjury." Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel to the subcommittee, told McCarthy to confine himself to asking questions of Stevens. It was on Feb. 24 that Stevens met with Republican members of McCarthy's subcommittee and agreed to withdraw orders he had issued that Brig. Gen. Ralph Zwicker and some other officers should disregard subpoenas from McCarthy. In issuing the orders, Stevens had claimed McCarthy 'abused" Zwicker at a closed hearing. McCarthy denied that. Stevens' agreement to withdraw his order was widely interpreted as a "surrender" to McCarthy. Next day, Stevens issued a statement at the White House, with President Eisenhower's approval, declaring there was no surrender and he would not permit the abuse of officers. McCarthy contends that at the Feb. 24 Pentagon meeting plans were laid to issue a "smear re- in the seven-year-old war than Is the larger state of Viet Nam, where rebel troops led by Moscow- trained Ho Chi Minh are punishing the French and native forces. The informants said that Dulles, in making this point, stressed ttiat the United States has not given up all hope of holding Viet Nam agavn«t the Red*. Ike Signs Highway Aid Bill WASHINGTON MV-President Eisenhower today signed a record size highway aid bill and expressed the hope that road construction can be stepped up to an \even more rapid pace. With a congressional delegation looking on at a White House ceremony, the President put his name to a measure authorizing 966 million dollars in federal aid for highway building in each of two years. The money will be used to assist the states in the construction. The program will start July 1, 1955. Eisenhower used seven pens to sign the bill. He finished signing his name with the sixth and said with a grin: "By golly, that's about all the pens I can use unless I use one for a period." And he did. Then turning to the members of Congress grouped around his desk, the President laughed and said: "Now we've got a highway bill. Now if you fellows will get that BORED—OR SLEEPY?—Senator Joseph McCarthy t'R-Wis) covers a yawn during one of the duller moments In the public inquiry into his differences with high Army officials. —(AP Wirephoto). port" against him — the report ivhich led to the present hearings. McCarthy challenged Stevens to say whether he had decided to change his testimony after he learned that Seaton and "a newsman" had testified last night and this morning at a closed meeting of the subcommittee. "No. sir," Stevens replied. "Are ycu as positive about this, Bob, as you were about the meeting on the 24th (of February)?" McCarthy asked. "I've answered the question," Stevens snapped. Heads Tog-ether McCarthy asked Stevens, whether his counsel, Joseph Welch, had advised him that Seaton was called to testify this morning. "He did not," Stevens replied. McCarthy said it was an important question whether perjury had been committed or whether someone had induced another to swear falsely. After a whispered conversation with Welch, Stevens said Welch had heard this morning that Seaton was being called but that he knew nothing about any newsman. Furthermore Stevens said, Welch has no knowledge as to the nature of Seaton's testimony. McCarthy, in producing his document on Tuesday, described it as 1951 letter from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to Maj. Gen. A. R. Boiling, then Army chief of intelligence. But yesterday the senators investigating the row between Mcarthy and the Army had one of their staff check with Hoover. He •eported Hoover said there never was a letter from him such as McCarthy's 2' 2 page document but that some of the material, and he subject matter, was the same as in a 15-page FBI report. McCarthy on Stand McCarthy took the witness chair and testified under oath that the See McCARTHY-ARMY on Page 6 BULLETIN OXFORD, England (IP) — Roger Bannister was clocked in three minutes 59.4 seconds today to achieve athleticdom's greatest goal —the four minute mile. The former Oxford track, bettered the listed world record of 4:01.4 set by Sweden's Gunder Haegg in 1945. On the way to his fantastic clocking he equalled unofficially the 1,500 meter record of 3:43. other bill for me today, The St. Lawrence Seaway, we will be improving our transportation." Thai remark was directed to the House member* present. The Senate already has passed a bill authorizing United States participation in construction of the seaway .project. The measure is up in the HOUM. ARKANSAS — Partly Cloudy widely scattered showers north and west this afternoon, tonight and Friday; no decided temperature changes. MISSOURI .— Partly cloudy this afternoon with scattered showers considerable cloudiness north tonight and Friday with showers and scattered thunderstorms north and west central; widely scattered showers elsewhere; warmer southeast tonight. Maximum yesterday — 69. Minimum this morning— 50. Sunset today— 5:48. Sunrise tomorrow— 5 :04. Mean temperature (midway hlRh and low— 59.5. 24 bOUN to 7:0* Precipitation last a.m. today— non«. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dat»— 10.11 This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday — 63. Minimum this morning— 48. Precipitation January I M tat*— U.M.
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