TUESDAY, MAY 4, 1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COXJKTER PAGE SEVEN DullesMust Defend Geneva Conference Before Congress By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AP) — John Foster Dulles returns home today to face quizzing by Congress, which has questioned him often on his intentions and policies since he became secretary of state. This time it will be on Indochina. Where, it may turn out, the West- fern world has suffered a great disaster; and on the foreign ministers conference in Geneva, where Dulles can hardly claim success. If ever a man could be said to have set his heart on being secretary of state, and a successful one. it is Dulles. His grandfather and an uncle before him had the job. It was a goal he must have set himself since boyhood. His whole life was a preparation for it. He's a lawyer, but he got his diplomatic work as long ago as 1907, when he was 19, and he's had a hand in it, on and off, ever since. Although a Republican, he worked for years under the Democrats on special diplomatic assignments. Since he became secretary in January 1953 he has traveled 100,000 miles, evidence of his enormous determination. Judged on Wisdom Ironically, it may be the opinion of history that he would have done better to spend less time on the road and more in his office, thinking and laying groundwork, particularly with Congress, for major decisions. The final judgment of his success or failure will be based not on his energy but on his vision and wisdom. His vision, certainly, had to be tempered by the mood of Congress, Which could be generally stated this way: Great opposition to letting the Communists maxe any more advances but .at the same time no assurance to Dulles that Congress would back him up anywhere, any time in specific moves aimed at stopping Communist advances. Nation Unprepared The Eisenhower administration Itself, helped into office by public distress over the Korean War, seemed to have no clear policy on GOOD FORM — "Miss Good Posture of 1954" is the title Betty Hanson won at a chiropractors' convention in Hollywood, Calif. Betty's measurements, 35-23-35, met the croup's strict reauirements. how to stop Communist advances except in all-out attack. Vice President Nixon said the Communists would not be allowed to nibble this country to death in little wars. Yet, in the age of the hydrogen bomb, future Communist advances may be made steadily in little wars. Dulles talked in bold terms of what the Communists could expect in the way of instant retaliation if they tried new aggression. But nowadays what is aggression? Must it be sending troops across a frontier? To the Communists that may seem old-fashioned if they can accomplish the same end by starting Communist-led wars within a country, as they did hi Indochina. The Eisenhower administration, like the Truman administration, seemed satisfied it was only a matter of time before the French whipped the Communist-led Vietminh in Indochina. Neither administration prepared the country with carefully stated notices that the United States might have to intervene unless it was willing to see the Communists gobble up Indochina. When the French seemed in desperate shape, Dulles -sprang his plea for "united action." But what kind of united action? He hasn't made that clear. He spoke of a Pacific alliance. But the British balked at that now, and the French want to make peace. Did Dulles mean sending in troops? The President himself has said he had no relish for that. And there Dulles had to face the congressional mood, which wasn't, and isn't, keen on getting into the Indochinese fighting. Dulles has been extremely vague in telling Congress—at least on the public record—what he meant by his bold talk of instant retaliation. If Congress is not ready to jump at the idea of sending troops into Indochina, it may be partly because Dulles did not lay the groundwork against this eventuality. The United States is reaching the point in dealing with the Communists where it may have to put up or shut up because its leadership, which suffered a blow at Geneva, is at stake. Slippery Landing HILL AIR FORCE BASE, Utah UP)—When Capt. William A. Deriemer, pilot of a C45, reported he was circling *the field with a locked brake on his landing gear, the base fire department was called out. The firemen sprayed Foamite for half a mile along a runway. As Deriemer landed, the locked wheel skidded in the slippery fire- extinguishing compound and the plane rolled to a halt without incident. 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Box 33 Tel. 3-3683 INSURANCE COMPANY OF AMERICA SOUTMWtSTWN HOME OfFJCI HOUSTON, TtXAS By FRANK CAREY AP Science Reporter PITTSBURGH W—A- substance derived from a material occurring in citrus fruit peel may have possibilities for increasing the power and prolonging the effect of certain vaccines, a Philadelphia scientist reported today. Dr. Jack Moss of the National Drug Co. research laboratories said the substance is a p!iosphor- us—containing compound based on •'hesperidin'.'~a material found in citrus fruit peel. He told the Society of American Bacteriologists (SABi he had employed it, in laboratory tests, in conjunction with vaccines against typhoid fever, whooping cough and one form of influenza. And he said there were indications that it enhanced the vaccines' potency and of duration of immunizing power. He said there also are more tentative indications of a similar possible effect on materials designed to produce immunity against lockjaw, diphtheria and one form of polio. Another doctor at the meeting told a reporter he had tried the same hesperidin compound in conjunction with the same influenza vaccine mentioned by Dr. Moss but had been unable to find any significant enect. Dr. Moss said trial of the mater- Seorch on for Market Thieves NEW ORLEANS Ml — New Orleans police joined Jefferson Parish authorities today in an intensive search for masked bandits who staged a $200,000 supermarket ial as a possible "adjuvant" or aid to a vaccine was based on this concept: The hcsperidm compound has long been known to be capable of inhibiting the action of hyaluroni- dase, a chemical which normally aids the passage of materials through connective tissues of the body. Thus, he said, the hesperidin appears to slow up the absorption of a vaccine from the site of the injection and to set up a so-called "depot" mechanism that prolongs the vaccine's effect. robbery. Police Capt. Joseph Brisebois said he and six detectives were working on the case at the request of Jefferson Parish authorities. Bandits overpowered the night watchman early yesterday at the Schwegmann Bros, supermarket just outside of New Orleans, looted two safes and took considerable merchandise. Korean Coffee: 22 Cents SEOUL lift—Tea houses and restaurants in this south Korean capital today hiked the price of a cup of coffee or tea to 22 cents. New government food taxes forced the price up from 17 cents. Read Courier News Classified Ads NOTICE IN THE PROBATE COURT FOR THE CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI COUNTY, ARKANSAS In the Matter of the Estate of Charles Jolliff, deceased. Last known address of decedent: Manila. Arkansas. Date of death: April 18. 1954. 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