Nevada State Journal from Reno, Nevada on April 11, 1943 · Page 15
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Nevada State Journal from Reno, Nevada · Page 15

Reno, Nevada
Issue Date:
Sunday, April 11, 1943
Page 15
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SUNDAY, APRIL 11, NEVADA STATE JOURNAL, RENO. NEVADA PAGE ELEVEN Food From Victory Gardens Is Ammunition For Importance of Food in War Is Stressed as Incentive For Reno Victory Gardens By MISS BERTHA AKIN Every day makes us more conscious of the fact that food is an important part of the war program. We know the armed forces must be fed as well as our allies and the families On the home front. Our government is making a conscientious effort to see that the food we have Is equally divided. With rationing of canned foods we have had to revise pur way of planning meals. In many cases the protective foods (such as vitamins and minerals) are not given sufficient consideration ^n planning and in securing the family's food. Though a good home garden, it is possible to make provision for the family to have an adequate supply of vitamins and minerals all summer. With good planning and a little extra expenditure of time and energy, the foods from the victory or home garden can be processed and stored for use during the wjn- ter and spring months of the following year. At the present time a good victory garden course is being given at the high school; so, I'll not tel you when and how to plant. The important fact is to have a victory garden if you have access to a sunny plot where the soil is reasonably good and you have time to devote four or five hours a week to gardening. Taking it for granted that there will be many gardens in Reno this year, the important item is to see that all the food is used to good advantage. We do not know at the present time whether we will be able to secure from our neighboring states fresh fruits and vegetables to meet our needs. With the cost of vegetables so high, It prohibits some families from buying these protective foods. It seems imperative that we take measures now to see that the people in this community make provisions for feeding their families during the months ahead. Your school board and school administrators are ready to help the people in this community preserve and conserve the foods that will be grown in victory gardens. Mr. Vaughn and Mrs. Gulling have asked me to explain this proposed program to you. If there is sufficient interest, the homemaking departments in one or two of your schools will be kept open during the summer months to serve as community canneries or food preservation centers. The reason for this would be: 1. To provide more food for better nutrition. 2. To make the equipment available for those not able to own or get it. 3. To provide an opportunity for less experienced persons to do their food processing under guidance, The size or number of centers for Reno would depend upon: 1. The number of people desiring to use the facilities and' 2. The amount of food to be preserved. Mrs. Corica, chief of block leaders, Ray Marks, and Hugh Shamberger, state director of civilian defense, have advised me that the council of defense and block leaders will be glad to assist in determining the need and interest in establishing food preservation centers in Reno by making a survey Providing enough people want a food preservation center, it might be set up as follows: . The home economics department will open with: 1. Home economics teacher in charge. 2. Facilities available to people in community. 3. Short unit of instruction would be given to help women determine how much to can to keep family diets up to meet yardstick levels and how to can acid and non-acid fruits and vegetables so members would have clear understanding of methods and tech* niques. Ways of preserving foods by dehydrating would also be discussed and demonstrated. 4. Policies of the preservation center: * a. Women may bring in their own food, jars and lids and preserve it themselves. b. A group of women may work together preparing and processing food they brought in. Work out group schedule for canning- day. c. Volunteers may work together for school lunch program. d. Equipment--School or cooperative use of pressure cookers in groups. e. Cost-heat. School or per cent of finished product given to school lunch. 6. Teacher's responsibility: a. Conduct classes and give instruction. b. Supervise canning, organize group or individual work. c. Keep records.and code cans. d. Serve as information consultant for people of community. The cost is as follows: Local schools pay 12% per cent cost of supervision. State and fed- tral funds, 87 per cent. Heat--School. Janitor--School. Briefly a food preservation center would: 1. Provide better facilities for canning than are found or are feasible in many homes. 2. Increase consumption of desirable products by making them available at relatively'low cost. 3. Conserve many products that · would otherwise be wasted or lost, j 4. Increase systematic planning] for home preservation and increase i the variety of products consumed; by families, thereby improving nutrition, j 5. Usually gives better ucts than can be had at with limited facilities. 6. Reduces spoilage to minimum. 7. Reduces cash outlay for food. 8. Can contribute to school lunch program. These canning projects will be open to any and all citizens. prod-i home} JAN. 1943 TODAY 1941 1942 K.500,000 r. 16.500,000 ·,, 19(000,000 ^ 21,000,000 - HAD GARDENS HAD GARDENS PUNGATOENS PLAN GARDENS Sullivans Honored at Los Angeles LOS ANGELES, April 10. (U.R) Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Sullivan, parents of the five Sullivan brothers lost in the sinking of the U. S. cruiser Juneau, were honored at a public reception at city hall here yesterday. Unsmiling but cordial, Mrs. Sullivan told officials and a large crowd: "Nothing can bring my boys back. But there are other boys out who can be brought their loved ones. And there back to they can be brought back sooner if we here at home do our part." Mrs. Sullivan said she felt certain the Juneau would not have been lost had there been more planes to protect it. The Sullivans with their 26-year-old daughter, Genevieve, are to tour southern California aircraft factories in the next few days. Lengthy Search is Ended; Man Sought Is Dead NEW YORK, April 10. (U.R)--A two-sided search for Donald Sanford of New £ork ended today. The FBI wanted him as an alleged draft delinquent and the Queens county district attorney's office has sought him since last June for alleged failure to support his three children. The search ended when, the authorities learned that Sanford had died, a crew member aboard a United Nations' ship torpedoed last November. Uses of Roots and Herbs Are Discussed Further by Reno Gardening Authority BY MABV CROWELL Teas We have become accustomed to thinkng of tea as meaning just one thing--the leaves of an evergreen plant, different species of which is indigenous to China, India, Assam, and Japan. Tea isn't on the rationed list yet, but it is on the grocery shelves in diminishing quantities and varieties. Why don't you grow your own? It's just as easy as that, There are many delightful teas that you can raise as easy as growing radishes, and not only are they a pleasure to the palate, but they are actually good for you, and, if you grow them in any quantity, they are very nice to try and present to friends. your less herb-minded One of the very nicest is lemon balm or melissa. It is a perennial and hardy in Nevada. The leaves have a delicious lemony odor anc make a fragrant tea. Nevada hostesses could score a hit if they served lemon balm tea with sponge cake, a,ngel food, or sugar cookies A favorite mixture of my own is lemon balm and green tea in equal parts, with a pinch of ground ginger added. Peppermint (and I don't mean spearmint which grows so commonly around Reno), strengthens and refreshes the digestive organs and is very beneficial to the nervous system and heart. It is a very pleasant tea, and one of the prime ministers of England used to drink it every morning for breakfast. Chamomile is also good for the nerves and a tonic to the digestive system. Beauty parlors in some of the large cities today serve chamomile tea as part of their treatment to sooth the nerves of their customers. German chamomile is used. Sage (the same variety which American People Face Acid Test in Treasury's 2nd War Loan To Raise 13 Blon Dollars in Three Weeks The Nation Dare Not Fail in This Greatest Financing Task in History--"They Give Their Lives--You Lend Your Money" Washington, D. C.--Coming as it does upon the heels of income tax payments, the people of America will face an acid test this month when the Treasury's Second War Loan, drive opens April 12 with an objective of thirteen billion dollars to be raised through sale of Government securities. A substantial part of this huge financing, the most stupendous ever undertaken by any government in the world's history, must be loaned by people in ordinary walks of life. High Government officials have* pointed out that the nation must not fail in this duty to our men on the battle fronts who are now carrying the offensive to the enemy at every itage. It is obvious to every thinking man and woman that as the United Nations take this offensive against the dictators, the cost of war operations increases in proportion. The American people must no longer think of war costs in terms of equipping a soldier, building a tank or plane or a ship. We must now think in terms of the cost of battles, invasions and new offensives. Attacking armies cost more money than equipping that army and we must meet that increased cost by buying more War Bonds and Second War Loan Securities. They Give Their LIvei. It is not only necessary that the American people left here at home assume this additional participation in the war effort--it is an honor to do so for we here at home can do no less than attempt to approach the sacrifices of our brave men out on the fighting fronts to whom the last great measure of sacrifice is but a daily offering. They give their lives . . . we are asked only to lend our money. And that is the theme of the Sec- end War Loan, "They Give'Their Lives--You Lend Your Money." Financial experts who know monetary conditions in the nation point out that at the present time there is in liquid funds, cash and commercial bank deposits over and above taxes and present investment in Government Bonds, and over and above what can be bought this year because of restrictions and rationing ... approximately 40 billions of dollars which should go into Government Bonds. It should be the objective of every American to invest these loose dollars, idle dollars, in Government securities, not only from a patriotic standpoint, but from the standpoint of their own financial security. There is available during the Second War Loan a type of Security to fit every pocketbook. Are Wild Dollars Every dollar of these forty billions of dollars available, which is not invested in Government securities during this War Loan Drive is a "wild" dollar which, together with its mates, will tend to increase inflation. Uncontrolled inflation might raise the cost of living to a point where the dollar is worthless. It can happen. It happened in Germany after 'the last war when the price of a loaf of bread cost more than an annual wage. Invested in Government securities, your dollar will work for you. It will hold down inflation because it is harnessed in war work; it will help buy food, transportation, munitions, for our boys on the front lines and it wiU be earning interest that, together with your original loan, will come beck to you later to help you buy the things you cannot buy today . . . to insure your peace of the future. Remember those boys out there . . . in Tunisia . . . in the South Pacific . . . They give their lives- Yon lend your money. fine for tea, though a little stronger in flavor than those above. The Chinese people were so fond of sage a century or so ago that vessels from Holland used to take great quantities of it to China and sail back home again with China tea. It doesn't taste as strong as it smells, and in New England is still drunk quite commonly, sweetened with maple syrup. Sage should be in every garden as it can be used as a tea for cold and fever, a hair tonic, and as a gargle for sore throat, besides its better known culinary uses. Cheeseplant or mallow grows in many yards and gardens in Reno. It has a round leaf and tiny pinkish flowers which later develop into "cheeses" which most children love to eat. It is cultivated as a potherb in Europe and was used by the ancients in the same way. The early American piofieers used it as a tea by drying the whole plant, including the root, and mixing it with more highly flavored herbs, such as anise or mint. Alfalfa Tea Practically every ranch In Nevada raises some alfalfa, and it also grows \vild along the roadsides. No one who can pick the blue blossoms need be at a loss for a tea. One of the best known sanitariums on the west coast serves alfalfa tea every morning to its patients. The roots of alfalfa often penetrate the ground to a depth of upward of 100 feet and bring up minerals not known on the earth's surface. Alfalfa by itself makes a rather tasteless drink. I make a tea of my own by using alfalfa as a base and adding root licorice, sassafrass bark, ainse seed, a little red clover, lemon balm, and cheeseplant. This can be brewed as a tea by itself, or infused for about three minutes and have black or green tea added to it. (Herbs take a little longer to brew than does ordinary tea). The leaves of currant bushes, picked very small and dried, can hardly be distinguished from green tea. There are hosts of other teas made from blackberry, strawberry, raspberry, wintergreen leaves, etc. Try a few of them and the routine INSECT PESTS AND HOW TO CONTROL THEM Fruit and Vegetable Enemies Must Be Reckoned With Today's ICTORY GARDEN-GRAPH By FORREST SI. WILLHITE It is impossible to give a definite answer to the problems confronting a gardener and a fruit raiser because the insect world is an unpredictable quantity. Hence it will be necessary to write in generalities instead of prescribing exactly the cure. In order that I might do this in a more orderly manner I have chosen to attack i't first from the fruit growers and second from the vegetable gardeners standpoint. 'From what I have seen and can learn the principle insect damage to fruit is caused by the codling moth worm, the caterpillar, the aphid and the red spider. Of these four insects the latter three predominantly attack the foliage seasons your poultry dressing) is while the codling moth injures the . CORN . . o z m PUNT TAIL CROPS AT NORTH END OF THE GARDEN SO THEV WIU-NOT SHADE OTHER LOW C5ROV/ING VEGETABLES ·HZ. Grow Victory Garden on Paper First By DEAN HALLIDAY Released by Central Press Association of black or green broken forever. tea will be Traffic Ticket Given Survivor Of Fox Holes LOS ANGELES, April 10. OJ.R) --Marine Pvt. Milton R. Sloto was under constant mortar fire for hours while his battalion was wiping out a Jap raiding party on Guadalcanal, he wrote his parents in a letter received today. "Then," he said, "when we were on our way to the beach for evacuation when the army took over, an army M. P. pulled our truck over to the side of the cow-track and gave us a ticket for going 25 in a 20-mile zone." # Sounds Warning Japan Has Most Compact Empire SAN FRANCISCO, April 1Q. OJ.R) ·Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australian minister for external affairs, warned that Japan has the most compact and possibly the wealthiest economic empire the world has ever seen and urged a careful watch on allocation of war materials to fight Japan while the Allies are engaged in beating Hitler first. . "By holding this empire, Japan is blockading all the United Nations," Dr. Evatt, who arrived here from Australia en route to Washington/on a special mission, declared 'in an address before the Commonwealth Club here, "The longer the blockade lasts, the greater the difficulty of breaking it later on." fruit directly by laying an egg which hatches into a worm and as a result we have the wormy apple. ' Control--Fruits ' Caterpillars--Arsenate of lead two teaspoons to one gallon of water or two pounds to fifty gallons of water. Use the spray when necessary and as the fruit develops j reduce the amount of arsenate of lead to the quantity of water. Aphids--Black leaf forty one and one fourth teaspoons to the gallon of water or one half pint to fifty gallons of water. Use when the aphids appear or as a preventive when the buds begin to open and again when the leaves are from one fourth to one half inch long. Be sure to contact both sides of the leaves. 'Red Spider--Oil emulsion or sulphur dust. (The red spider is mite size and requires a small hand lens to see it). Fine sulphur may be shaken from a coarse cheese cloth pad on the leaves. The oil emulsion is made from lubricating oil--three gallons, three pounds of soap and one hundred gallons of water. Mix the soap and water first and then by stirring make the emulsion. Codling Moth--Arsenate of lead one and a half teaspoons to a gallon of water or one and half pounds to fifty gallons of water. Use the spray when two thirds to three fourths of the fiower petals have fallen off. Follow this procedure every fourteen days during the growing season. Control--Vegetables It has been found that the largest damage to vegetables by insects is caused by aphids, ants, leaf hoppers, cut worms, cabbage worm, striped cucumber or melon beetle, potato bugs and the squash bug. They may be controlled as follows: Aphids -- Black leaf forty, one and one fourth teaspoons 1o one gallon of soapy water or one half pint to fifty gallons of soapy water. Be sure the spray hits all of the infected area. Ants--For the small type a ! sweetened load arsenate may ' work, for the large types use ker- i osenc in their mound or hot water may get rid of them. Leaf Hoppers--Black leaf forty, one tablespoonful to one gallon of water. Use on alternate days until the situation is cleared up. Cut worms--Use some kind of an arsenic bait. Your druggist may . help you in its selection. Cabbage worm--Black leaf forty, two teaspoons to one gallon water. Make application weekly, or more often if necessary. Striped cucumber or melon beetle--Calcium arsenate dust on moist leaves. Sprinkle lime and sulphur around the hills and among the plants using care not i to get any more than necessary on the plants. Potato hups--Paris green as 8 spray or dust arsenate of lead on ' the damp leaves. Squash bugs--Remove the eggs , and destroy the bugs mechanical- , ly. Usually this will work as in general you will have only a small infection to start with and with a little diligence on your part'you can control them. We people with our victory gardens will have more or less trouble with the children's pets and from the drug stores we may BEFORE RUNNING the risk of wasting seed it will be well for the beginner to grow his or her Victory vegetable garden on paper first. When the garden is laid out on paper mistakes can be seen and corrected and it is much easier to correct mistakes with an eraser than it is with a garden spade. The Important factors to work out on a Victory garden plan are: size, arrangement, spacing of rows, variety of vegetables, inter- cropping and succession of crops. The Victory garden paper plan should also serve as a guide to the amounts of seeds necessary. As illustrated in the accom- panying Garden-Graph, It Is best to plant Victory vegetables in rows running north and south. This gives the plants all the sunlight possible. Plar.t the tah growing vegetables such as com and tomatoes at the north end of the garden plot, for if such vegetables are planted at the south end of the garden, for example, they are apt to shade the low growing rows from the sun, as illustrated. String beans can'be grown in the poorest soil while root crops, such as beets, carrots, parsnips and turnips should be planted in the deepest and richest soil so their roots will be long and well shaped. NO HAND WITH SKCNKS SAN RAFAEL, Calif. 'U.FJ--When Officer Richard Todt responded for the second time to a telephone call from Mrs. H. G. Baccala that there was a skunk in her cellar, he turned in a report at police headquarters which read: "It required no great detective ability to ascertain that there was a skunk in the cellar and it will continue there for a long time if it waits for me to take him out." purchase a repellant that may materially aid us in keeping down this source of damage and irritation. In conclusion the insects that have been discussed may be divided into two major' groups, namely, those that damage the plant by sucking and those that damage by eating. If you will keep this in mind then, the remedy or control will be to use the black leaf forty on the sucking insects and the arsenate of lead on those that eat. In general the concentration of these materials is from one to two teaspoons to the gallon of water and from one to two pounds to fifty gallons of water. FORREST M. WILLHITE, Chemical Laboratory, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Nevada. Garden Campaign Is in Full Swing Nevada's Victory Garden campaign is in full swing under the direction of the office of civilian defense, Hugh Shamberger, state director, said today. ShambeBger said George Henningsen, chairman of the slate committee in charge of Victory Gardens, said organizations have been completed in 16 of the state's 17 counties to aid the drive which is aimed at having Nevada "feed itself" to the extent "climate, soil and water conditions permit." The campaign, it was said, has been extended to war industry and mining areas as well as railroad communities. Shamberger e x - plained, "Many of these areas are desert or mountain localities which must solve difficult soil and water problems and work out experimental planting lists of varieties suited to special conditions," Coupled with the Victory Garden campaign of the OCD is a drive for food preservation under which an effort will be made to assure that all surplus from the gardens may be saved for winter I use. ' PLAN GARDEN COVERING 30 ACRES_HERE LDS Church Planting Big Acreage South Of Reno The biggest thing in the West, in the way of victory gardens, will be planted here in Reno within the next few days by the Reno stake of the LDS church, according to a recent announcement. The garden, which is to cover thirty acres, will be on the University farm on the Carson highway south of Reno. The land has been sub-leased by the church, and the gardening program is to be carried on on a cooperative basis. The plowing of the garden is already completed, and the wards of the Sparks and Reno churches are now plotting out the land. Only those crops requiring b:g plots will be raised. The varieties are expected to include potatoes, beans, corn and peas, and probably some other vegetables. At harvest time, according to the plans, a small part of the crop will be turned over to the general welfare program of the church, some will be kept for seed, and the rest will be allocated by the wards of the two churches to the members of the church on a basis of the amount of work done or amount of cash contributed to the garden project. The cash contributed and the contributed labor, is to be kept track of on a basis of man-hours. Equipment for working the thirty acres is furnished by the leasers and by the church members, and director of the operations will be Earl Hanson of Reno. D. H. Heaton, also of Reno, will have general supervision of all the projects of the stake, which include gardening, poultry-raising and stock- raising cooperatives in the vicinities of Portola and Susanville, Calif., as well as throughout western Nevada. Victory Garden Class Will Meet Tuesday Evening The regular meeting of the Victory Garden class will be held as usual on Tuesday evening, April 13, at the Reno High School. The county Victory Garden committee is especially urged to be present to discuss with the group, demonstration gardens, and future procedure for the class. Instruction will be given in "Care of Special Plants in Flats and Cold Frames," "First Transplanting From Cold Frames," Mr. Forrest Willhite; "Irrigation and Drainage," Mr. Carl Friesen and Mrs. Charles Burke; "Cultivation," W. C. Higgins. Annual SALE! -BULBS FLOWERING S H R U B S ONION SETS GARDEN PEAS SWEET PEAS FERTILIZERS AND SUPPLIES 3 Year-Old Field-Grown Rose Bushes Cannan's again presents the greatest sale of Rose Bushes and Flowering Shrubs--direct from the famous Mount Arbor Nurseries of Shenandoah, Iowa. Wonderful assortment of Roses, 3-year-old, fine, hard stock, field grown--sure to grow and bloom. EACH 69* AND UP BLACK LEAF "40" AND WHALE OIL SOAP Small Size Each 25* Gladiolus Bulbs Fiat Grown Baftf, Cmi'MUtd FroeFrom Dne«w doz.29e-39e-59« GREENALL INSECTICIDES C" if and FERTILIZERS rOi ·" Gardens Complete line of (pray*, hueeticiclei »nd ant powders for trees and bushes. Black Leaf "40," London Purple, Pan* Green, Lime, Sulphur, Borde»u Mixture and athen. We can supply my quantity. Get out fncet fiiftl CANNAN'S DRUG FLORAL SHOP FREE DELIVERY SERVICE 14 WEST COMMERCIAL ROW PHONE 7189 NEWSPAPER! EWSPAPE.RS

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