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EDITORIAL'S fickle^ By George Bible Comment— 'Obedience' Is Key to Conversion The history of religion shows ninny instances of sudden conversion. Often some tragic experience or danger enables a man to see for the first time the condition of his own soul. It -may he likened to the view one attains when he .suddenly ascends the crest of a hill and sees for the first time his real environment spread out before him. It is doubtful, however, even allowing for the reality of a sudden experience, whether the whole story of conversion is confined to the apparent moment of clmiiRe. Oftentimes, either consciously or subconsciously, the man who is suddenly converted has been 1^11- dergoin gsome preparation for the change. One wonders, for instance, whether Saul, when he stood holding the garments of those who stoned Stephen, would have been entirely unmoved when he saw the mar- tyr speaking words of forgiveness in his dying moments. Could Saul iuivo helped being impressed by the spiritual superiority of a man who could thus rise above his enemies? We cannot know all that went on in the mind and heart of Saul before his conversion. P.ut we do now that his conversion was complete and I hat Saul who was tn- lo.nse in persecution became the Paul who was equally on fire with zeal for the truth. Perhaps the most important thing in conversion is best expressed in words from a chapter in Acts "I was not disobedient, unto the heavenly vision." This is the secret of real conversion. Many men have heavenly visions, but it is only those who are obedient who find the way of the highest faith and life. Sweet Gas NUNICA, Mich. 'UP i Four motorists and a school bus driver who couldn't get their vehicles started discovered someone had "sweetened" their gasoline by pouring sugar into the tanks. INTELOGRA Check the correct word: ( 1 — Nation's newest aircraft carrier is the (Sara- 1 I toga) (Forrestal). " ^ 2 — She is (longer) (shorter) than her sister ship. .'} — Army-Notre Dame (will) (will not) resume i their grid rivalry this fall. ^ 4— -Israel* recently celebrated the (8lh) (18th)j anniversary of her founding. 5 — Israel is a (republic) (monarchy). ti — Colorado is the (Centennial) (Golden) state. 7 — Your household thermometer is calibrated 1 with the (Fahrenheit) (Centigrade) scale. < 8 — Mother's Day occurs on the second Sunday, in (May) (June). I 9 — May's birthslone is the (emerald) (diamond). 10 — (Berne) (Geneva) is the capital of Switzerland. Count 10 for each correct choice. A score of 0-20 is poor; 30-00, average; 70-80, superior; 90-100, very superior. Decoded Intelligram — Ot •piujoiua— G -XtUM— 8 •)t ; M|iK"u». 0 j!-~i ' .O— 9 Dii c l ncla U— S 'Mlft— fr 'WAV— £ '.loSuo'i— Z WEEKLY CROSSWORD PUZZLE National Banner Here's (he Answer HORIZONTAL 1 Depicted Is the flag of — 7 This republic Is a member of the Nations 13 H is a homeland for the Jewish 14 Essential oil 15 Greek letter 16 Children's saint 18 Silence 19 Fish 20 Walking 21 Goddess ot infatuation 22 While 23 Plural ending 24 Coin 27 Stronghold 29 Correlative of either 3QIn the same place (ab ) 31 Preposition 32 Pepart 33 Chilled 35 Chair 38 Two (prefix) 39 Anent 40 Diminutive suffixes 42Pwllman car 41 Musical syllable VERTICAL 1 Emetic 2 Bristly 3 Highway 4 To (prefix) 5 Girl's name 6 Plant J»art 7 To 8 Tidy 9 Not <prefixj 10 Roman robe 11 Click beetle 12 Summary 17 Negative reply 25 Observe 26 Stepped 27 This country produces 28 Musical instrument 33 Think 34 Leading product of this country. — fruits 36 Come 31 Annoys 41 Dispatched 42 Horned ruminant 43 Misfortunes 44 Natrium (symbol) 45 Volcano 46 Harvest 47 Caudal appendage 52 Direction (ab) 54 Township i (ab.) 49 Puff up 50 Three-toed sloths 51 Burrow 63 Indigenous M NaJuraJ tats 6« Fruits Pour Young Formers Win Top Honors We'd like to have you meet four young men. One of them is 29 and the others are 35 years of age. They were the Four Outstanding Young Farmers in America in 1955. These young men arc optimistic young men. They know the value of hard work. They have initiative, vision. They're setting an excellent example for farmers everywhere and for their countrymen everywhere. But let us tell you about them. Robert Sakata, 29, is an American of Japanese ancestry and was among those moved from West Coast homes in 1941 and relocated inland. After graduating from high school he started anew by buying 15 acres of land—described as run-down shallow soil which could not be irrigated." He added 40 acres six years later, but met reverses in the form of mishaps causing critical injuries. But he came back. The contest bulletin explains that today "Sakata employs outstanding soil management on his 175-acre farm and (he 640 acres he manages nearby. He is pioneering field flowers growing as a cash crop and uses irrigation, crop rotation, and machinery specialization to great advantage. He also packages and markets his products under his own label, 'Spanish Gold.' He has introduced practical farm mechanization to his valley neighbors and has developed a trailer which harvests and packages vegetables in one operation." Meet another young farmer: A. D. Sprague, Jr., 35, who began his farming With a quarter interest in his family s 900-acre farm. He progressed with a purchase of 212 acres and later an additional acres, all "sub-marginal land to which he applied his conservation know-how. "Today (the contest bulletin reads) on 1365 acres he feeds: 20 registered Angus cows, 4 registered bulls, 100 brood sows. 235 feeder cattle, 100 sows rf registered boars, and 700 feeder hogs.". Meet a third young farmer: William A. Powell, 35, who farms according to conservation practices learned in part from a special four year on-the-farm training program. The productivity of his land has increased from 30 bushels of corn per acre in 1947 to 114 bushels J» 1 953. He grows all the dairy feed for his 40 Holstems and produces much of ™e food for his family. He purchased 200 acres in 1947 and rents another acres, and has modernized his en- lire farm. He has developed special equipment for his farming needs. The fourth young farmer is John R. Beckstrand, 35, who now holds 2,400 acres. He brought in his first crops by his skill in remodeling horse-drawn farm equipment to replace equipment which was unavailable in wartime. When six weeks of rain wiped out his second crop his wife took a teaching job and he obtained a loan and bought the land he had been working. Beckstrand developed more mechanical innovations. After "the spring seeding in 1946 he constructed a small house trailer, borrowed $200, loaded his equipment and joined the custom combining circuit from Oklahoma to Canada." He bought Hereford heifers with his profits and as the herd became a full-time responsibility he discontinued custom combining. "In 1955 on his 2.400 acres, he planted 600 acres of wheat, 400 acres of flax. 100 acres of corn, left 500 acres in pasture, summer-fallowed 400 acres, and planted 300 acres of alfalfa, brome grass, and crested wheat grass." We think these four farmers deserve (ho honors which have come to them. Jack Beckstrand was probably speaking for all four winners when he said: "I started farming with nothing . . . and believe that for a young man who is interested in' farming and is not afraid of hard work, there are unlimited possibilities in the field of agriculture." Admittedly these are the unusual stories of four unusual young men. Presumably they've had a few breaks. They've had a few bad breaks, too. But. we think the stories aV\e worth repeating and worthy of emulation. And if you'll forgive the cliche, America is still a land of opportunity. Comforf on Wheels In These New Busses Since Americans are supposed to be constantly on the go, it is natural that so much effort should be currently under way to make their mobility more comfortable. The 1957 motor cars, it is promised, will have so many conveniences that one can virtually "live in them." Motels continually add more of the luxuries of home. Now a revolutionary new bus is expected to be on the road in a few years. This de luxe vehicle will have 'television, two-way telephones, windows that won't cloud, and an escalator to its upper .deck. One designer even goes so far as to promise a pine scent in the circulating air and soft lights at floor levels that will soften the lines around women's eyes. No doubt background music will be included. What a cry from the covered wagon! But we still have a way to go before everyone will leave home for life on the road. A few old-fashioned people still like to read, and no one as yet has done anything about better illumination for reading in public carriers. In fact, reading seems to be as assiduously discouraged in them as In hotel rooms and in motels. It is also likely that a few Americans still like to sit and look out the window, or sit and think, or just sit. With all the promised automotive conveniences, that will soon be impossible. —The Washington Post. Mass Production, Transitors Golore Big mass production of those tiny miracle buttons called transistors is now going strong, reports Business Week. The next large volume market for transistors is expected to be in automobile radios. The first big public use of these grain-of-corn sized equivalents of the vacuum tube came in hearing aids, where miniaturization is a money-making must. The hearing aid makers began putting transistors into their gadgets some three years ago, and already are providing close to a million-unit-a- year market. In "Breakthrough on Transistors" the magazine describes the opening by Philco of the world's largest transistor factory in Spring City, Pa. It has 100,000 feet of floor space: probably will have a peak output of 15 to 20 million of the little geranium buttons yearly. Meanwhile RCA is completing a 120,000- square-foot plant in New Jersey and Westinghotise is building another of about the same size. The details are pretty technical, but the point is, the transistor business has just smashed a production barrier that formerly limited manufacturers strictly to handwork methods. Now, machines can do it—thanks to the discovery of a new, improved kind of germanium unit called the "surface barrier transistor." By 1958 or soon after, all new auto radios are likely to be using transistors —eight or nine of 'em to a set—instead of vacuum tubes. That's a huge mar- J\ t- L • Portable radios could make a third big market. Eliminate the heavy batteries necessary to work vacuum tubes' and your pocket squawk box will play for months. —Denver Post. There's New 'Art' Patching Up Small Fry BY EDNA MILES Mothers who must stop daily in the midst of such "tiny" tasks as cleaning the entire house or doing the family laundry to patch up minor injuries suffered by the small fry know what it means to try to quiet a frightened child. And even minor accidents frighten small children. But onco the fear of pain and the slight sense of shock are gone, they love showing off. A bandage is a fine device for getting attention from other kids and the whole neighborhood. It's a conversation piece in the same sense as the latest charm on mother's bangle bracelet. Knowing this, one manufacturer has produced colored adhesive first aid bands illustrated with clowns, animals, toys and storybook characters. The bands are, ul course, sterile, water-resistant and protective. Aside from keeping a small wound clean, which any adhesive band will do, they are intended to- quiel the child and diver! his intention from a cut finger or bruised knee. And this, in I urn, will l;ik'> the weight from mother and allow her to gel hack to u,c vacuum cleann- or ih<- family laundry hamper. STRICTLY FRESH Secretary we know says she's going to ask for a raise. Her three- hour lunch hours take so much of her time that she has to work as hard as two persons the rest of each day to get her work clone. * * * . Fellow across the desk from us says that you don't have to be •married in Monaco, where Monte Carlo is located, to find out that marriage is the world's biggest gamble. * * * Scientists working on guided missiles might well investigate the EVE BY TIME// SHOP IN ALBIA Doctor tapes up mommy's finger with one of the new, illustrated adhesive bands. They're designed to switch a child's attention from painful aspects of a hurt to "prestige" advantages of wearing a bandage. principle which go'verns the affini- dow. * * :i; We'd like to got our hands on the fellow who bribed the airlines to send low-flying planes over our house right at tho most exciting n.oment of every TV drama. Friend of ours is slaying home fur two weeks this summer so that he can afford last year's vacation. 'I don't think the tenant in the next apartment likes us!" BOB-TALES Bf Bob Llfioa COJUP JJ6T 5iT ISTEO TO IT sv'ER 6;OCE. I TOOK THAT COURSE. ;,O .MU6IC APPRECIA- T;OIO, L REALL E.NJJOV 6OOP MUSIC' AOP 1HEV CLAIM 15 THE HEY, HUNK,! ' V GEE! I NEVER LOOK AT JABBER } SA.V HiM DI661NG MAW'<S 6ARDEN HE 6 FINALLY TAKING INTEREST IN THINGS... ' 60 HARD BEFORE 1 . I'LL HAVE TO <SIVE HIM A R/MSE' General Mark W. Clark spoke Friday in Charleston, S. C. before a meeting of the Southern Regional Conference of State Governments. General Clark said that "from the military point of view" he was against the integration of white and Negro troops at the time that policy was adopted. General Clark commanded a U. S. Army in Italy during World War II, and said he based his opinion on this experience: "The worst division I had was a Negro division." He added that they could not be relied on and that they bolted from the enemy. I've read and re-read those remarks of General Clark as they were reported by the Associated Press. I think the inferences which most people will draw from General Clark's talk are entirely unfair. The General does not know what he is talking about. I recognize that General Clark has a right to his opinions on the integration of white and Negro troops. I have had little experience with the military phase of this integration, but from what I have seen and read it has proceeded with very little friction. However, I think General Clark is entirely unfair when he says "The worst division I had was a Negro division" and then goes on to describe the fighting qualities of the men of this unit. I think General Clark was unfair because he infers they were inferior simply because of the color of their skin. This is as unfair as if I were to judge General Clark's ability as a general by the prominence of any of his features or by his height or lack of it. If the men in the 92nd Division were inferior soldiers it wasn't because their skin was black. I'm confident of that. It may have been because they lacked leadership. It may have been because they were given poor training. It may have been because a great many of them had only a year or two of formal education. It may have been because they sensed their field commander's lack of confidence in them. It may have been for any number of other reasons. But I doubt very much whether it was because of the color of their skin that they made poor soldiers. General Clark stated that he bases his opinion on his experience. I, too, base my remarks on experience, experience gained in the same war on th,c same continent and wearing the same uniform as General Clark—a bit less rank perhaps and a lot less fruit salad, but it was the same war. I think that having commanded Negro troops for over two years, both on company and battalion level, having trained those troops, having taken them overseas, lived with them, worked with them, gone through a few air raids with them—I think I can speak from a little experience. I know that a-great number of the deficiencies these troops had when they were assigtled to our battalion could be traced directly to the poor training and the poor officers they had in their previous unit. Later, under a number of the officers with whom I served made these troops made creditable soldiers. I know that these men of mine weren't first line infantry troops. As a matter of fact they were assigned to the Quartermaster Corps, in which they served well. But if they had deficiencies as soldiers, it wasn't because of the color of their skin. You can't deny a man an education, you can't deny a man freedom and self-respect, you can't humiliate a man and tear down his pride and expect to make a A-l fighting man out of him. He can't compete with a high school graduate, one who meets people easily, who with a white skin is accepted anywhere he wishes to go. Perhaps General Clark knows more history than I do. But I would remind him that Negro soldiers were used on both sides in the Revolutionary war—often in unsegregated units. There were almost 180,000 Negro troops on the Union side in the Civil war and some on the Confederate side. There were 200,000 Negro troops in France during World War I, although it is true only 42,000 were combat troops. Of course in World War II there may have been other reasons for the failure to get the Negro soldiers welded into first class fighting units. Quite a number of the white soldiers realized the implications of the war, realized that they were lighting for "democracy," although they had a hard time describing it. But what about the Negro soldier? The Army regularly held educational courses which were designed to explain the why and how to the fighting man But 1 U vouch for it, General Clark—it was hard to explain to a Negro soldier that he was fighting for democracy. Particularly when he ate in segregated mess halls, trained'in segregated units, attended a segregated movie. How are you going to sell him democracy when he knows that a great many officers assigned to his unit regard it as "punishment" and that some ot their superiors assign them with that in mind 9 No, I think that perhaps General Clark, for all of his vears of experience has a bit to learn about the Army. . I think that the inference that the Negro is a poor soldier simply because he is a Negro does little credit to General Clark or to the army in which he and I and millions of others white and colored, served. I'm happy that it was the army which had the courace to take the stand to say that it would judge a man as an individual, judge him on his own qualifications, rather than classify him by the color of his skin. The army's made a lot of progress since you and I server! our tniie, General. Albio Union-Republican A19IA, IOWA Thursday, May 3 ; 1956 Published Every Thursday by the UNION-REPUBLICAN CO., Inc. Robert W. Larson, Editor Entered as second-class matter at the post office at Alblt, Iowa. under the act of March 3, 1879.