Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 6, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Monday, August 6, 1973
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Home Piper of 70 Communltiei Clear Tonight Low «Ts Partly cloudy Tuesday High 90'* VOLUME LXXXII — 184 A Bitter Ntw»paper GALES BURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — MONDAY, AUG. 6, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS U.S. Bombs Village, 300 Refugees Killed Creivmen Fuse Bombs American crewmen fuse a truckload of 500 and 750 pound bombs before loading them on B-52 bombers for missions over Cambodia. Bombers today accidentally dumped an estimated 180 tons of bombs on a Cambodian vil­ lage. At least 300 casualties were reported. The U.S. bombing campaign in Cambodia will continue at least until August 8 when the next court test of the issue is scheduled. PHNOM PENH (UPI) United States planes accidentally bombed the Mekong River town of Neak Luong today, inflicting more than 300 casualties on the refugee-swollen populace in the worst mistake bombing of the entire Indochina War, Cambodian Air Force sources reported. A Cambodian air force officer who took part in rescue efforts said the toll might rise to more than 100 dead and up to 600 wounded. A survivor in a Phnom Penh hospital said the bombing destroyed the Neak Luong city hall, a hospital, an army and a navy base and scores of houses. Conflicting Reports There were conflicting reports whether the bombing raid which was said to have destroyed much of the town was carried out by B52 heavy bombers which carry a 30-ton bomb load each, by swingwing Fill fighter-bombers which carry an 18-ton bomb load! each, or possibly by both. More Ithan 200 wounded persons were brought into Phnom Penh, 32 miles northwest of Neak Luong, by helicopters and boats. There was no definite number of those killed, because their bodies were left in the rubble of the town, a ferry-crossing point and strongpoint of the defense line southeast of the capital. An officer who helped evacuate the wounded said he counted at least 50 dead sprawled in the town. "From the noise I heard, I guess there were four planes," one victim in a hospital bed told a UPI reporter. "At first I thought it was harassment fire and we ran for cover." Discuss Incident U.S. Air Force Gen. John Vogt, head of American air operations in Thailand, flew to Phnom Penh to discuss the incident with Cambodian Presi­ dent Lon Nol, and returned to Thailand today. Heavily bandaged women and children, crying and pleading for help, reached Phnom Penh by boat late Monday afternoon. Helicopters were used to bring in the more seriously wounded who still had a chance for survival. Cambodian Air Force sources said the planes unloaded their payloads—up to 180 tons of bombs—over the sleeping town by mistake shortly before dawn, and that Neak Luong, one of tire more strategic towns on the Mekong, was reduced to rubble. One survivor said he heard at least four planes. B52 bombers normally fly so high there is no sound associated with them until the explosion of their bombs is heard. Early reports said Fills were in the area. The bombs from a three- plane B52 formation literally obliterate everything in a path half a mile wide and more than two miles long. Lt. Sath Kong, a doctor at a Phnom Penh hospital where the wounded were brought for initial (treatment, said at least 300 Cambodian soldiers and civilians were killed or wounded. He said that by nightfall there had been 180 wounded flown to his hospital by helicopter. Dead Left Behind Sath Kong said the wounded were evacuated in hopes they could be saved but tfhat the dead were left behind. He said the evacuation was still under way hours after the bombing. The tr?(gedy overshadowed a successful government ground operaion today that the Cambodian command hailed as a "brtllianit victory." Field reports said Cambodian troops backed by fierce U.S. air strikes cut a devastating swath down embattled Highway 1 southeast of Phnom Penh, recapturing a string of villages and bealting back rebel forces into a confused and hasty retreat. The operation rounded out five days of fighting that pitted government troops against a 2,000-man rebel offensive along the roadway that put the Ccmrmunists alt one point within a mile of the capital's city limits. First reports of Neak Luong bombing said low-flying U.S. Fill jet filter-bombers made the strike, but the Cambodian Air Force sources later said the incident involved two waves of B52s. "It was still dark when we got to Neak Luong," the Cambodian Air Force colonel who directed the evacuation said. "I counted at least 50 dead lying in the roads before we took off. But I imagine there were many more." WASHINGTON (UPI) - Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman, D- N.Y., returned to the Supreme Court today with a demand for an immediate halt to U.S. bombing in Cambodia, citing an accidental raid that killed or wounded "300 innocent people" as evidence of the grim consequences of an "un- Demands End co " sli,a,io " al war " - ji -. She and four Air Force officers asked the full Supreme rp Ti •_• ^ l • Court to rule on their contention that the bombing is illegal J. O - l>01tl 111 11 Q and unconstitutional because Congress never authorized it. The Defense Department said the bombing campaign would go on at least until Wednesday, when the, next court test is scheduled. . Rep. Holtzman said in a statement through her office that a Saturday decision by Justice Thurgood Marshall violated the Supreme Court's own rules. Marshall overruled an order issued by Justice William O. Douglas a few hours earlier ordering the bombing halted. In Cambodia Gray Followed Aides Orders, Was 'Acting for President' WASHINGTON (UPI) - L. Patrick Gray II testified today that he believes two top White House,; aides were ''acting for the President" when they told him last summer to destroy Watergate - related FBI documents. Related Story on Page 11 President Extends Federal Law Enforcement Program WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon signed a law today which extends for three more years the federal Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA), with less cost and more flexibility for states. The federal cost will be $3.2 billion. To qualify for funds, states will need to put up only 10 per cent matching money, compared to the old rate of 25 per cent. They also will have wider authority on how to use the money for crime fighting. The measure maintains six separate block grant and categorical grant programs for the states/While allowing wider discretion in their use, it says states should focus specifically on a greater number oi programs, including juvenile justice and treatment for narcotics addicts and alcoholics. It allocates $1 billion for the programs in this fiscal year and in fiscal 1975, and $1.25 billion in fiscal 1976. Watergate Statement The President spent the weekend at Camp David, partly considering the new statement he will make about Watergate when the Senate completes the first phase of its hearings on the scandal —possibly by the middle of this week. Patrick Buchanan, a presidential assistant who helps Nixon prepare speeches and major statements, said this morning the statement would be issued a week to 10 days to two week9 after Phase I of the hearings ends. Buchanan said that while no decision had been made on the forum for presentation of the statement, he said it would be "perhaps accompanied by something of a white paper" touching on allegations against Nixon and "one or two press conferences" on the subject. The administration also has been under criticism for security spending by the government on presidential compounds at Biscayne, Fla., and the General ! Services Administration—which supervises such projects- promised a new statement for later today. The new statement entails federal expenditures also for security at Grand Cay, an island in the Bahamas which Nixon often visits, and the Washington suburban home of C. G. "Bebe" Rebozo, that is rented by Nixon's daughter and her husband, David Eisenhower. Nixon signed the crime bill at a White House ceremony attended by government and congressional leaders including Donald E. SantareNi, the man who heads LEAA. The law gives Santarelji sole authority over the program, in place of a sort of troika system —with three top adniinistrators — which proved unworkable. The former acting FBI chief, under close questioning by the Senate Watergate Committee as it drove toward the windup of the first phase of its hearings by possibly midweek, said at first he simply followed the orders of John W. Dean HI and John D. Ehirlichman because they were close to President Nixon. Acting for Nixon But a few moments later, he told Sen. Herman E. Talmadge, D-Ga., he had to "assume" both Dean and Ehrlichman were acting on Nixon's behalf. "I had to believe they were acting for the President," Gray said. "You assumed it (the order to destroy the papers) came from the chief executive of the United States of America acting in their capacities as subordinates?" Tahnadge asked. "I made that assumption," Gray* replied* "But Senator Talmadge, in fairness, decency and honesty, I cannot testify under oath that the President ordered them to do this. I assumed that." No Implication Gray also testified that after he admitted to Justice Department officials last spring that he had destroyed the sensitive files, then-Attorney General Richard G. Kleindienst told him after talking with the President "there must be no implication that in burning these files there was any attempt of a cover-up at the White House. "And I told him (Kleindienst), I said, 'Dick, I clearly got instructions—I thought—to burn those files and I burned them and that's going to be my testimony.' " The documents—including a pihony cable that appeared to implicate the Kennedy administration in the 1963 assassination of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem—were found in the White House safe of Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS Abingdon 21 Amusement — 6 Building 20 Bushnell — 7 Classified Ads 21-22-23-24-25 Comics-Radio 18 Editorial 4 Galva 7 26 PAGES Hospital Notes 13 Knoxville 21 Markets 19 Monmonuth .-12 Obituary 13 Sports 16-17 Weather 2 Women in the News ..8-9 Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt Jr. shortly after the June 17, 1972 bugging arrests. Gray testified that Dean and Ehrlichman turned them over to him on June 28 last year, saying they were "political dynamite and clearly should not see the light of day." Holiday Trash He said he kept them six months without looking at them and then burned them after Christmas along with his family's accumulation of holiday trash. "Who in your mind, when you were burning these files, did you think wanted them burned —the President, John Ehrlichman, John Dean, or somebody else?" asked Rufus Edmisten, deputy chief counsel for the committee. "I realty can't be sure of that," Gray replied. "I felt that I was taking orders from the counsel to the President and the assistant to <the President, but I've got to say in all honesty and fairness that if I had looked at these files that evening and I had said 'I want a written order from the President before I take these files,' I don't think I would have gotten that order." Could Not Explain Gray also said he could not explain why the FBI failed to search the apartment and car of Watergate suspect James W. McCord Jr. for three weeks following the break-in. McCord, who was security director for Nixon's Re-Election See 'Gray'- Continued on Page Two Gray Testimony L. Patrick Gray, former acting director of the FBI, continues his testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee. He said that White House counsel John Dean asked him for FBI reports within a few weeks of the Watergate break-in. Sky lab's Astronauts Space walk To Check for Leaks HOUSTON (UPI) - Skylab 2"s astronauts walked in space today to look for signs of serious cooling system leaks threatening the long-term life of the space station, raise a sunshade and install film in four solar telescopes. Owen K. Garriott and Jack R. Lousma moved through the ship's main outside hatchway and worked around the base of Skylab's large, white solar observatory. Commander Alan L. Bean remained inside, monitoring the activity. Main Purpose The main purpose of the spacewalk, first of three planned for the two-month mission, was to raise the awning and replenish the film, but the search for yellow and brown stains resulting from the antifreeze leaks gave the walk extra significance. Signs of Damage Garriott and Lousma also were asked to inspect their crippled Apollo ferry ship and check for signs of damage from a weekend electrical short circuit. Musgrave said the Skylab I astronauts reported seeing some discoloration on exterior radiators during their space- walk in June and engineers' speculated that this might be the location of the leaks. He told the pilots to inspect Skylab just as they would when they examined their jet airplanes for hydraulic fluid leaks. Skylab's cooling system problem, latest in a series of troubles to plague the space ago, involved both the main ago, involved both hte main and secondary mazes of plumbing that runs from large radiators on the outside skin of Skylab to internal cooling equipment. Since the astronauts noticed no leaks inside, flight director Donald Puddy said it was believed the cooling fluid was being lost overboard. No Immediate Danger The cooling systems are used to cool Skylab's batteries, its electrical equipment and the cabin air. Much of the delicate electrical apparatus cannot work more than a few hours without cooling. Skylab's frozen food uses another refrigeration system. Engineers calculated the primary system can last only 16 days at the rate it is leaking— nearly one-tenth of a pound of coolant a day—and the secondary system has an estimated lifetime of 60 days. Since all the equipment can work off the backup system, this means the current two month mission, with 50 days to go, will not be affected unless there are additional leaks. Three more astronauts, however, were scheduled to fly up to the space station in November. Puddy suggested this launch might be advanced to early October so the pilots could replenish the coolant supply during a spacewalk—if such servicing can be done. If more coolant csnnot be added, the next two-month mission would have to be severely curtailed. "This coolant loop problem presents no immediate danger to the crew," said Skylab director William C. Schneider. "We're investigating not only the problem and consequences, but also whate corrective measures might be taken." Rocket Problem Eases The control rocket problem that developed last week with the astronauts' Apollo ferry ship still exists, but that situation appears to be improving daily. Schneider said he now expects the pilots will be able to return Sept. 25 in the Apollo despite fuel leaks in two control rockets. As insurance, however, around-the-clock preparation of a rescue ship was continuing for a possible launch Sept. 10 from Cape Kennedy. The recovery ship New Orleans also was alerted to be ready to go to sea three weeks early if necessary. Puddy said one of the coolant leaks apparently began shortly after Skylab was launched May 14. The other developed sometime in June. The two systems have no common plumbing, but he said stress in one area of Skylab could have ruptured both of them. "I think we've caught it soon enough to take action," he said. The leaks were noticed Sunday after the astronauts reported a low pressure light in one coolant system. The spacewalk, first of three planned for tha longest orbital voyage yet attempted, originally was set for last Tuesday. It was delayed until Saturday when motion sickness plagued the astronauts for the first five when the Apollo encountered its whent he Apollo encountered its control rocket difficulty. Flight directors told the astronauts to erect the sunshade first, hoisting the white tarpaulin to the end of two 55- foot long "rods like raising a flag with its ends tight to two poles. i M -m

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