Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 4, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Saturday, August 4, 1973
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Home Paper of 71 ComnrnnltlM Register-Mail Partly Cloudy Tonight Low ifl Ms More Clouds Sunday High Near 90 A Better AfewipAper VOLUME LXXXII — 183 GALESBURG ^ILLINOIS 61404 — SATURDAY AUG., 4, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Allende Declares Alarm SANT1AOO, Chile (UPI) - President Salvador Allende, his cabinet's resignation offer on his desk, declared a state of emergency today to confront a series of strikes that have crippled the nation's transportation system. Allende's 15-man cabinet offered to resign Friday night to give him a free hand at settling the strikes by about 50,000 owners of taxis, buses and trucks. A government spokesman said there was no indication from the socialist president whether he would accept Hie resignation of his cabinet, which was sworn in July 5. There have been more than 80 cabinet ministers in frequent government realignments since Allende took office 31 months ago. Allende ordered the army Friday to get struck buses and taxis back on the roads hours after their owners Joined a nationwide truckers' walkout, He said he would take "all the constitutional and legal methods at my disposal" to end the walkouts. Owners of about 5,000 buses and taxis garaged their vehicles to join the nationwide walkout by about 45,000 truckers. The truckers, mostly owner-drivers, struck ten days ago, claiming the government had broken agreements for higher pay, spare parts and new vehicles. Bats Miss Beef Blood HOUSTON (UPI) - Every two or three weeks Richard Quick, curator of mammals at the Houston Zoological Gardens, goes to the butcher shop and pays $3 for a gallon of beef blood for his vampire bats. But Phase 4 economics caught up with the meat packer who closed his doors this week, and Quick started looking around for human blood. "We may have to go back to using a different kind of blood," Quick said. "If we can't use beef blood, we'll have to go back to using outdated blood from the hospitals." Quick said he hopes the hospitals will donate the discard blood when it becomes too old for use with human patients. Congress Rush Is Oyer WASHINGTON (UPI) -r Congress has adjourned until Sept. 5 after pushing through a package of major and minor legislation in a last day rush Friday. ; • Among legislation given final approval and sent to the White House: -A three-year, $20 btflior^ measure which for the first time opens up money in highway trust funds for use in building urban mass transit. —A four-year omnibus farm bill including crop supports designed to increase food production and liberalized rules for food stamps for the needy. —A $2.8 billion Transportation Department appropriation. —Authorization for $417 million to. run the District of Columbia. Congress also gave final approval to an increase in the minimum wage fund from $1.60 to $2.20 an, hour — but refused to send it to the White House. Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield, D-Mont., received unanimous consent to hold the bill until Aug. 25 before forwarding the legislation to Nixon. * The maneuver prevents Nixon from invoking a pocket veto while Congress is out of town. In such a case, Congress would lose its opportunity to consider overriding a veto. Mansfield said he received "significant, very significant indications from the House Republican leadership .. . and the White House, although not the President" that the minimum wage bill would be vetoed. Peron Wife as Veep? BUENOS AIRES (UPI) — Juan D. Peron was a virtual shoo-in as his party met to choose a presidential candidate today, and posters all over Buenos Aires proclaimed his third wife, Isabel, as the "peoples' choice" for vice president. The Justicialista party convention was little more than a formality to give Peron the presidential spot. He is equally as certain to carry his platform to a sweeping victory in national elections Sept. 23. The 77-year-old ruler spent 18 years in exile following his overthrow by the military in 1955 and did not return until after his loyal protege, Hector J. Campora, was elected president in March. Campora resigned to make way for new elections and to keep his pledge of "Peron in power." All that remained in doubt today was the party's choice for vice president. There were reports Peron might forge a political coalition, name his wife as the candidate or possibly a military man. With Peron certain to win, political observers said his choice for the second spot and "presidential heir" would be crucial. Douglas Reinstates Order Against Cambodian Bombing WASHINGTON (UPI) - Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas today reinstated an order for an immediate halt to U.S. bombing in Cambodia. The government promptly began an effort to counter his action. Douglas, acting from his vacation retreat in Goose Prairie, Wash., with an order issued by the Supreme Court here, said he considered his move similar to a stay of execution in a capital punishment case. A Defense Department spokesman said the Pentagon was awaiting guidance from the Justice Department before making any decisions to stop the bombing. "There is a Justice Department action under way," the spokesman City's Fall Not a Worry In Cambodia PHNOM PENH (UPI) - The mood in Phnom Penh is one of free-wheeling gaiety despite the crumbling of the capital's outer defense perimeter and the creeping possibility of the capital's "fall" to surrounding Communist troops. "Musique Monsieur Nixon" — the Cambodian nickname for the the thunder of American B52 bombers—has reached an almost deafening volume in the city as the United States makes an all-out effort to save the regime of Prime Minister Lon Nol before the Aug. 15 bombing deadline. The Cambodians, however, seem almost' oblivious to the roar of the air strikes and to the unhappy military fadts that prompted them. Phnom Penh residents simply raise their voices in an attempt to drown out the bombs and only occasionally will someone crack the already stale joke, "a lot of thunder this year—but not much rain." Government madio stations broadcast continuous announcements of brilliant military victories oh all fronts, but some of the generals have packed off their wives and children to Paris. Cambodian leaders hate been inviting U.S. Embassy officers to an increasing number of luncheons these days with such attractions as "hot dancing" for entertainment. At first, the Americans were a little puzzlled by the increased amiability, but they soon found making ithe rounds that the United States plans to fly only 100 high-level Cambodians to asylum if the capital falls to Communist troops. Everyone wants to make sure he's got a seat reserved. "These bloody fools," snorted one Western military attache who spent an uncomfortable afternoon at such an affair. "In a few weeks they're going to be paraded on spikes around the city and they sit there leering at 'hot dancing.'" said. "That is going to dictate what we say and what we do." Douglas in effect granted a request to restore a lower court's order to stop the air strikes July 27. That order was handed down by U.S. District Judge Orrin G. Judd in New York City, but the government won a swift stay of that ruling in the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The appeals court in New York has scheduled an Aug. 8 hearing on the merits of the case, which was brought by Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman, D- N.Y., and four Air Force personnel. WU1 Abide President Nixon told Congress Friday that he would abide by previous compromise legislation providing for ' an Aug. 15 deadline on the bombing. Douglas filed his order by telephone with the clerk of the Supreme Court three days after another member of the nation's highest tribunal, Justice Thurgood Marshall, refused the same request. A court rule permits a plaintiff to approach another justice in a suit when one justice issues an adverse- ruling. Rep. Holtzman and the others who brought the suit hiked to Douglas' vacation home after Marshall had turned them down. Douglas said the basic question in the case—and one which he was not seeking to decide at the moment—is whether the Congress within the meaning of the Constitution "has 'declared war' on Cambodia." ,"It has become popular to think the President has that power to declare war," he said. "But there is not a word in the Constitution that grants that power to him. It runs only to Congress." "This case in its stark realities involves the grim consequences of a capital case," said Douglas. The difference, he added, was that no one knows who may be killed. "They may be Cambodian See 'Douglas'(Continued on Page 11) William Douglas President Plans TV Bug Address In Few Weeks At the Ready A Cambodian soldier with ammo belts hang- of Phnom Penh. Now, however, government ing from his body sits at the ready near what troops are fighting insurgents within four used to be the frontline, 10 miles northeast miles of the southeast side of the city. Gray Will 'Carry the Burden' of Misdeeds WASHINGTON (UPI) - Saying he will forever "carry the burden" of his misdeeds, L. Patrick Gray HI admits that he read and then destroyed Watergate-related documents while head of the FBI and later lied about it out of loyalty to White House superiors. Gray's statement of his "grievous imisjudgment," delivered Friday in sworn testimony to the Senate Watergate committee, came on the 35th day of nationally televised hearings into the bugging affair. It was the first time the balding former submarine commander had revealed publicly that he read portions of the papers—found in the White House safe of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt Jr. three days after the June 17, 1972, break-in—and then tossed them into the fire along with his family's Christmas trash last December. "I believed that I was acting faithfully, loyally, properly and legally pursuant to instructions given me by top assistants to the President of the United States," Gray said. By HELEN THOMAS CAMP DAVID, Md. (UPI) President Nixon, spending the weekend at his mountaintop retreat, is expected to deliver a televised address to the nation on Watergate in a very few weeks. Presidential aides said Nixon is thinking in terms of issuing a "White Paper" to answer Watergate charges point by point and that he will also summarize his findings in a nationwide half-hour television speech. Nixon's chief of staff, Gen. Alexander Haig, said in a television interview Friday ("Sixty Minutes"-CBS) that he expects the President to end a "calculated period of restraint" on the subject in one to three weeks. Haig said he had once personally favored Nixon's making public the tape recordings made of his conversations with persons involved in Watergate. But he said that "when we looked at the constitutional issue involved and when we looked at the contribution that these tapes could actually make to arriving at the truth, it was our general conclusion that the tapes would not be a major factor." The President's last address on Watergate was broadcast April 30 when he announced that he had fired former White House Counsel John W. Dean III and two other top assistants, H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, had resigned. The President issued a 4,000-word statement on Watergate in May. Some of the President's advisers are urging that he follow up his public statement with a press conference. They believe the Chief Executive is going to have to "bite the bullet" and submit to interrogation on Watergate to satisfy the public as to his role. But other aides are convinced a freewheeling press conference would be a "disaster" with questions on a range of Watergate and nonrelated subjects, including accusations by Dean that Nixon was aware of a cover-up last fall and on his approval of an illegal domestic spying plan, government spending on his California and Florida properties for security reasons, alleged links to a settlement of an antitrust case involving the International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. and corporate contributions to his re-election campaign. GOP Boss At Monmouth The newly-appointed cochairman of the Republican National Committee is optimistic about the ability of the party to survive and become Che representative of a majority of Americans. Miss Janet J. Johnston, who joins former UN Ambassador George Bush at the helm of the GOP, expressed her optimism Friday night at a meeting in Monmouth. Monmouth Correspondent Lorraine Stauth details Miss Johnston's address on Page 10 today and Woman's Page Editor Isabelle Buncher provides a closer look at her beliefs in a feature on Page 3. Where To Find It 2 SECTIONS 20 PAGES Abingdon 10 Bushnell 5 Churches 6-7 Classified Ads 15-16-17-18-19 Comics-Radio 8 Editorial 4 Galva 5 Hospital Notes 11 Knoxville 10 Markets 20 Monmouth 10 Obituary 11 Sports 13-14 Women in the News .. 3 Chance of Seven-Week Skylab Orbit Getting Better UPI Science Editor HOUSTON (UPI) - With optimisim increasing that they can orbit seven more weeks, Skylab 2's astronauts began their second week in space today by discarding a jammed instrument designed to measure a faint glow of light far from earth. The crisis caused by dual control rocket failure in the pilots Apollo ferry ship was over, but project officials were taking no chances. Around-the- clock preparations of a five- seat rescue ship were proceeding in case the Apollo encoun­ tered more trouble. As it now stands, NASA said, it appears the Apollo could bring Alan L. Bean, Owen K. Garriott and Jack R. Lousma back home. Before beginning a heavy schedule of research today, the asrtonauts ejected the photographic instrument from a small airlock in the side of the space station. It was jettisoned because it could not be pulled back into Skylab due to a mechanical failure. The instrument was designed to scan the sky to measure strange light known as the Gegenschein. One explanation for this sky glow is that it is the reflection of sunlight off a cloud of dust suspended about one million miles from earth, opposite the sun. Bean reported he and his crewmen were better organized and were learning how to move fastei aboard the orbiting space station. But, he said, "The one thing that we have not found here is just extra time." Their schedule today included a second earth resources photographic sweep across the Western U. S., detailed medical tests and the release of a spider named Arabella in a cage to see how it spins a web in weightlessness. The three spacemen were awakened by an alarm signal from the troubled Apollo during the night, but a quick check of spacecraft instruments showed nothing wrong. "We've given the vehicle a good going over and everything looks good to us," ground communicator Robert L. Crippen told the astronauts. He promised controllers would keep a sharp eye on the ship. Mission controllers studied the problem during the night and told the astronauts when they awoke at 7 a. m. that it appeared there was a short circuit in one of itiwo television systems in Skylab's solar observatory. This apparently caused the Apollo alarm. The main electrical system of the space station was not affected by ihe short. The space agency said it appeared a secondary television system in the observatory was out, but a spokesman said the ship's sun watching research wou'id not be aff&eted. Skylab director William C. Schneider said flight simula­ tions in a computer-controlled Apollo trainer showed that Bean, Garriott and Lousma have three backup ways to return to Earth if necessary in the Apollo. "We are feeling quite a bit better," Schneider said late Friday. "Our simulations have been surprisingly good and we find that we have a very versatile vehicle." Before going to bed, Bean scheduled a detailed discussion of all the alternative piloting procedures being developed on the ground for use if the astronauts were forced by a space station emergency to fly their Apollo back ahead of schedule. "I'd like ito understand best what all the options are exactly from a technique point of view, which we would use first and if that didn't work too well, what would be used nest so I can understand the • total number and which is best," Bean said. The cause of the two failures in the Apollo's control rocket system has not been determined, however, and there is still some concern that more trouble of a like nature cculd strike the command ship.

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