I. S. Grants $50 Million Loan to South Vietnam SAIGON (UPI) - The United States granted a development lean of $50 million to South Vietnam today, the first assistance to this country for postwar economic reconstruction, the lean will be used to purchase industrial machinery, spare parts and other manufactured products. The loan agreement was signed by acting Foreign Minister Nguyen Phu Due and U. S. Ambassador Graham Martin, who arrived last month to succeed Ambassador. Ellsworth Bunker. Martin said the development loan was the first made by the United States to South Vietnam since 1961. Hie loan will be repaid over a period of 40 years, including a grace period of 10 years. U.S. Bombers Hit Near Phnom Penh PttNOM PENH (UPI) - U.S. warplanes, including B52 bombers, carried out more intense bombing raids on t\yo fronts near Phnom Penh today and the government reported heavy fighting south of the capital. Warplanes dropped bombs during the night less than six miles south of Phnom Penh's center and reverberations from the blasts shook the city all night. It was the 147th day of an intensive U.S. air war that must end Aug. 15 under an agreement between Congress and President Nixon. Field reports also said American warplanes carried out raids about six miles to the northwest of the capital, attacking insurgent concentrations within a few miles of the city's Pochentong Airport. The Cambodian military command said ground fighting took place southeast and southwest of Phnom Penh. Field reports said government troops came under heavy mortar attack at Prek Ho, a front line position | nine miles down Highway 2. The command also said government forces launched "an important attack" on an insurgent strong point about 10 miles southwest of the city near Highway 3 with casualties reported on both sides. Communist troops dodging the heavy American air strikes have tried recently to move up the flanks of Highway 3. The latest government operation apparently was aimed at halting that infiltration. Military sources reported Gojesbuffl Register-Moil, Gdlesbufg,,!!!. Wednesdoy, Aug. 1, 1973 31 Iran To Succeed Canada On Truce Team Committee Canadian Truce Team Capt. Fletcher Thomson, center, is flanked by Maj. Gen. Duncan McAlpine, left, and Capt. Ian Patten as he speaks at a news conference upon arrival in Vancouver Tuesday. The three are members of the Candian truce team that left Saigon yesterday. Thomson and Patten had been captured by the Viet today that a large concentra- h tion of insurgent troops well- supplied with weapons, ammunition and transport, was seen near Aug Shoul, 17 miles west of the capital on Highway 4. Cong. All Canadian members of the International Commission of Control and Supervision (ICCS) left Saigon with the exception of delegation chief Vernon Turner. Turner remained behind to attend a final special ICCS meeting. UNIFAX SAIGON (UPI) - Fifteen persons GKQ in post-truce fighting across South Vietnam today, including 10 soldiers on both sides in a predawn Communist mortar attack, the South VieRn&fitfse government said. On the diplomatic front, South Vietnamese government sources said Iran will succeed Canada on the four-nation team overseeing the Vietnam truce, the first such international role for Iran. An official announcement was expected later today. Lt Col. Le Trung Hien, spokesman for the Saigon command", reported 80 Communist truce violations in the 24 hours ending art. noon today, 12 fewer than the previous day. Hien said the worst fighting occurred when government units were mauled in a predawn Communist attack nine miles north of the provincial capital of Quang Ngai city, 318 miles northeast of Saigon. Attacking under an umbrella of 35 mortar shells, he said, the Communists killed eight government militiamen and artUleryman in the battle. Two Communists died, he said. Elswehere, Hien said, a civilian was killed and seven wounded in land mine explosions near Da Rang. Twenty miles southwest of Da Narig a farmer was killed by a mine while en route to Ms rice field. Seven farmers were wounded by mines while en route to rice fields within seven mites of the provincial capital of Tarn Ky, 30 miles southeast of Da Nang. Thirty-five miles east of Saigon, Hien said, three govern ment militiamen were killed and three wounded in another morning attack today. Commit nist casualties were unknown, he said. Iran and Brazil were listed Tuesday as the two remaining candidates among 10 nations proposed for the place Canada gave up on the International Commission of Control and Supervision (ICCS). The other IOCS members now include Hungary, Poland and In donesia. If Iran accepts, it would end centuries of an isolationist foreign policy for that cdtintry. The chief of the Canadian delegation, Vernon Turnfr, left Saigon today, ending six months' participation by his country in the ICCS and 10 years participation by Canada in Indochina peace-keepiRg. Canada withdrew fnfin the truce operation because-it said its 260-man team was unable to carry out its duties properly. That withdrawal, saijj Ambassador Ference Esztergalyos of Hungary, meant a tialt in investigations of truce*'' violations and prisoner exchange supervision until a replacement for Canada is ready tir start work. «•> Iran, if chosen, would furnish about 280 officers, enlisted men and civilians as its shar£of the ICCS staff. Iran also wofljjd pay I two per cent of the cost of operating the commission. Its share could run as high as $750,000 yearly. In 1007, the U.S. Air Corps, now the Air Force, was founded. Sihanouk in Peking A portrait of Mao Tse-tung looming above them, youngsters are among those who turned out at Peking Airport to give Prince Norodom Sihanouk, exiled Cambodian leader, a rousing welcome on his return to China. Sihanouk has declared his Cambodian sup porters would continue "armed resistance" until 1984 if necessary. Sihanouk had been touring Africa and Eastern Europe. He had set up a rival regime backed by China and North Vietnam after his overthrow in 1970. UNIFAX U.S.-Greek Relationship Plagued by Uncertainty — _ Made with -g Honey, butter. unbleached Official U.S. unhappiness ever the snail's pace of the ruling Greek colonels toward a return of damoeracy always has been overcome by concern for the importance of the Greek role in NATO- Foreign News Commentary Nor have the relatively low- key protests by U.S. Ambassador Henry J. Tasca to strongman George Papadopoulos overcome in , the Greek mind the significance of the presence of nearly 11,000 American military personnel and dependents and the strong statements of support for the military regime made occasional high-ranking visitors to Athens. Whatever tthe official position, contributing to popular belief that Washington not only supports the Papadopoulos regime but may even have helped put it into power have been such things as: —The 1970 visit to Athens by the secretary of defense, Melvin R. Laird, and senior officers of the Pentagon and Laird 's subsequent assertion: that modernization of Greek armed farces has a '"high priority" in efforts to improve NATO effectiveness. j by U.S. U.S. the —Visits to Greece in 1971 by Maurice Stans, then secretary of commerce, and Vice President Spiro Agnew. Link Firmly Fixed Stans praised the "sense of siecurity" he said the Greek government had given American companies operating in Greece. Stans also carried a letter 'fineim President Nixon expressing best wishes for "the coiV .inued welfare and prosoeri- ty of tine people of Greece." Agneiw, in his visit that October, declared Nixon had decided that military aid to Greece was a "matter of overriding importance . to the U.S...." With units of the U.S. Sixth Fleet now home-porting in Greece, various unpleasantries have occurred and the link between the regime and Washington become more firmly fixed in the public mind. Student protest dlemionstrations last spring were accompanied by such slogans as "Americans Go Home" and "Yankees and Dictatorship." On its side, the Greek government has shown itself largely impervious to outside criticism. In what was interpreted by some as a reply to the U.S. ambassador's protest, Papadopoulos. declared in a speech on July 27: "Greece's state of being under the tutelage and dependence on foreign powers and that of being dictated to...are| now things of the past." Outcome Expected As of the month's end the government was able to announce thait more than 80 per cent of the electorate had voted in favor of the constitutional change abolishing the monarchy, establishing a republic and naming Papadopoulos president for the next eight years. "We have a true and genuine dsimocracy," triumphantly announced first deputy Premier Stylianos Pattakos, ignoring independent reports that in the polling places "no" ballots in the yes-or-no referendum either had been hard to find or handed out only under the closest scrutiny. The outcome dad not surprise cynical Greeks who predicted in advance the results would be fixed. It didn't make much difference anyway. The government already had announced that regardless of the vote it would stay in power. Washington also indicated it I expected no change in U.S.- i Greek relations. our. 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