Page 66 article text (OCR)
CULL EVERY DAY A .. ... i hen that isn't laying eggs cats costly feed, takes up valuable space and brings no return to the poultryman. just one non-laying chicken wilt eat five pounds of feed every month. Twenty such noh<J«yeri will eat a whole bag of feed in a month. Besides this, the dull chicken is competing with laying birds for feeder and floor space. Research has shown that the more room you give chickens the better they do< v, ,?; \ The wise poultryriian picks out culls every day as he sees them. /. He Jkeeps a constant daily watch for birds that stay on the VoOsts at , feeding time and show no particular interest in coming down t6t<ea£. •' or drink. He also takes note of any that stand around listlessly. This % ,'• type of chicken is probably going out of production and may .even , be coining down with some disease, Hens like these should be reC moved because they can cause the spread of a disease* - " !l - ','"*." Another good way to Spot a non-laying hen is by the look of heir head and comb. A layer has a large, red, waxy, soft comb, while the comb on the non-layer is small, scaly, pale and rough. It's easy to spot hens like this while you're feeding or gathering eggs. When you do, , ; it will pay to pick them up to see if they are out of production. , ,/ f *--,," ? Here are a few indicators of egg production that you can tute to ' check chickens you suspect of being culls: The vent of a laying hen ' v is large, oval in shape, moist and bluish-white in color..,. The distance between the pubic or pin bones and the keel bone also indicate»''if;a^ f ,. chicken is laying or hot. The ends of the two pin bones,iwe-kKaltea,^/ on each sidei of th'e vent. The'keel bone extends under the" Body*'oflV^' the chicken and ends just below the vent. The distance between 'the " • ' • two pin bones and the keel bone on a laying hen will be the width of three to five finger's. The distance between the two pin bones will . be two to four fingers. When the chicken goes out of production the / • ends of these bones all draw closer together. " • v -; /', When you find a hen you think is a non-layer, it's a good idea to put her in a separate pen or cage for a few days to see if she is really out of production. Such a pen or cage can also be used to hold the ' \ culls until you are ready to sell them. If you make a mistake,about some hens this will give them a chance to prove themselves. ' ? You may also get a better price for culls by selling a smaller number at one time. Some fanners-have even been able to find a market v -, near home that will take a few hens but could never handle a whole flock. Restaurants and small butcher shops will many times give a higher price for healthy cull hens than the usual market outlets. ; • „ The working hen is a moneymaker. This hen is doing her part for the farmer and producing her daily egg. Hens that don't lay, cost the farmer money instead of giving a profit. They eat valuable feed and may increase the mortality rate. The sooner they're sold the better chance the farmer has to make a profit on the rest of the flock. Here's how the head of a layer looks. The comb is large, red, waxy and soft. The eye is bright and prominent, and the eye ring is bleached. The face is clean cut, and the head in general is well balanced. Hens not laying will have a small, pale, scaly comb, dull sunken eye and a yellow eye ring.