Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on August 1, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, August 1, 1973
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3L Galtsburo Reoistir^Moil, Golesburp, III, Wed.. Aug, 1, 1973 "You Suppose We Can Afl Fit ln?'V EDITORIAL =; Comment and Review Three Unnoticed Astronauts Owen K. Garriott, Jack R. Lousma and ^fclan Bean are no match for Sam Ervin, H. "#t. Haldeman and Howard Baker. « The former are U.S. astronauts orbiting |he earth in the second U.S. Skylab mission. $f they can overcome the upsetting effects %t weightlessness, a series of experiments .Xrill begin which will take the trio into the longest tour of duty in outer space yet re- •eorded. -** t Four years ago the predecessors of Astronauts Garriott, Lousma and Bean set •foot on the moon for the first time, and back ithen the nation's eyes were glued to the television screens which recorded every de^Jail of the mission. ^ Today, however, the media is dominated *^0t by space exploration, but by the Senate Investigations of the Watergate scandal, the lecret bombing in Cambodia and the price *f meat. The space mission has gone almost Unnoticed and the names of the Skylab team »«re far less familiar than those of Sen. Er- ~jjfin, Sen. Baker, Mr. Haldeman and the «ther players in the Watergate soap opera. » The space program has apparently lost |ts charisma since the first moon walk in 1969. The United States has become so successful in its explorations of the unknown 3 !hat space walks, docking exercises and "Jaunches from Cape Kennedy—once science fiction only found In comic strips — have become a routine and unexciting sidelight %o daily living. Americans are generally more intrigued with and can more ctywely indentify with corruption in government, rising food prices 3 |nd perpetual warfare. ~* It is not surprising that some fail to see I Always Last - There seems no end to revelations dam*• Sging to what remains of President Nixon's prestige and adding to alarm at the aggrandizement of power by the executive "|ranch. * One of the latest is the Defense Department disclosure that B-52 bombers carried gut at least 3,500 presidentially authorized Jtecret raids over Cambodia beginning in ^larch 1969, at a time when we recognized '.ftie ostensibly neutral government of Prince Sihanouk. * According to one Pentagon spokesman, felsified reports were officially ordered after ithe raids to hide their number, frequency 'and objectives. * * a :: Timely Quotes 'l The national security lesson to be learn- .ejd from Watergate is that our security is Endangered by "patriots" from within who would subvert us by destroying the basic elements of our freedom in the guise of protecting us. ^—American Civil Liberties Union. The door is wide open if we can figure dut a way to walk through it. —Sen. Warren Magnusoo, D-Wasb., on trade witfa China. the benefits of a space program which costs billions of dollars a year and appears to serve no other purpose than to provide geologists with sacks of rocks to play with. Probably not for decades to come will some Americans realize that the experiments now being conducted in space are the groundwork for the greatest advancements in the history of the world. It does not seem inconceivable to envision regular travel between space stations and the eventual habitation of other planets in future years as a result of what we are learning now. It seems likely that space exploration will produce scientific breakthroughs that could greatly improve our way of life, uncover new natural resources, new food supplies and new methods of controlling and preserving our environment here on earth. Space exploration also may be able to bind the nations of the world together in a peaceful endeavor, providing, of course, the United States and the Soviet Union can successfully undertake the joint ventures they are now considering. The potential of space exploration is as limitless as the imagination of the artists and authors who created Flash Gordon and Star Trek. For the time being, however, pioneers such as Astronauts Garriott, Bean and Lousma will have to relinquish the public spotlight to the Ervins, Bakers and Halde- mans. Their egos must be satisfied with the knowledge that what they are doing will benefit mankind for generations and that historians will undoubtedly reserve for them a more prominent place than the television cameras are today. to Know Hide from whom? Certainly the Cambodians knew they were being bombed. Surely they somehow leaked the word to the Russians and the Chinese and any other potential U.S. enemy. The only people who didn't know were 200 million Americans and most of their 535 representatives in Con* gress. The President's penchant for secrecy, for the "loneliness of command," continued even in a situation where candor would have been most beneficial to the administration, not to mention America 's image abroad. This was the Christmas 1972 bombing of North Vietnam which outraged even staunch and long-time supporters of the President's (public) Vietnam policies. Not until weeks after the war ended, when it was too late to do any good, did the Defense Department release photographic proof that there had been no such thing as "carpet bombing" of Hanoi and only minimal damage to nonmilitary targets. Secrecy, with its implied distrust of the patriotism and contempt for the intelligence of the citizenry, is always self-defeating in a democracy, as Richard Nixon is so sadly finding out. Phase IV Danger: Recession By 1974 WASHINGTON (NEA)-Pr«* idem Nixon's economic moves indicate either that he is being badly advised or that he is threshing about wiMly. Such is the implication this reporter gets oocn irofn irani- tiftftal conservative economists and men of the newer "liberal" ecinoiiuc. oreea. The President Jumps from very tight controls to loose, then to a staggered tightness. Such maneuvering keeps producers, consumers and middlemen confused and unable to makeup their minds as to what policies to follow. This absolutely is the worst atmosphere possible for economic stability and growth. As one price controller said in essence recently, a mediocre plan well carried out and enforced consistently is better than an excellent plan poorly carried out and sloppily enforced. Worse yet is to jump like a Jackrabbit from one system to another — with Intimations of further Jerky jumps to come. Here We have the worst of all possible worlds. No one, including apparently its sponsors, believe that Phase IV is an excellent plan. They argue only that it's the best compromise they can come up with under the circumstances (with few of the insiders apparently in agreement on what should be done). There are already indications (leaks from the planners them* selves) that Phase IV will be, to a great extent, unenforceable. In fact, some of the planners believe that Phase IV's only salvation is that the leaks will be great enough to prevent "IV's" damage from being disastrous. The pity is this: Despite the hefty price increases of recent months, there is convincing evidence the economy has been heading for a slowdown. Before Phase IV was announced some of the more reliable economists here had been predicting a growth of but 3 per cent next year, compared with an 18 to 20 per cent expected in 1973. These Comment By Ray Cromley economists calculated that a major slowdown in price increases was in the works if the economy was let alone. This would have meant, however, a period of some weeks (or perhaps months) more of sizable price increases, according to their calculations, before the economic slowdown pressures were great enough to achieve this price hold-down. This was not a prospect that the White House or Congress looked at with enthusiasm. The economists this reporter has been in contact with believe Phase IV is going to change the picture markedly. These men, found reliable in my experience over the past two decades, say the way Phase IV is structured insures that it will cut harshly into prof its (thus discouraging increased production), divert resources from normal uses (and create additional shortages) and lead to a faster slowdown, possibly a meager 2 per cent growth in 1974 as compared with this year. This will mean more unemployment, a holding back of consumer buying, a sizable slowdown in home building, a slackening in sales of consumer durables, quite likely a hesitancy in plant expansion and modernization and tighter credit for all. This adds up to a recession. I can only hope my economist friends are wrong this time. Another Bombshell in the Calley Tapes WASHINGTON - While the nation awaits the Supreme Court showdown over the White House tapes, we have listened to some secret tapes which may present President Nixon with another excruciating dilemma. The tapes contain Lt. William Calley's lengthy, agonizing psychiatric interviews after he was accused of mass murder at My Lai. Some psychiatrists have concluded from the interviews that he probably was "legally insane" when he led his company on the shooting spree. Other psychiatrists, while agreeing he had personality problems, found "no evidence of mental disease, defect or derangement." President Nixon has promised personally to review the Calley case. His final decision will have tremendous emotional impact. People around the world believe Calley was a monster who should be severely punished. But others feel he was a madman whose irrational behavior should not forever stain America's fighting men. CALLEY LOOKED upon himself as quite normal, except for one "irrational behavior happening." As he recounted the incident to psychiatrists, "I had. all the troops in a truck, and there was no warm feeling for the Vietnamese people among the troops and me. I had nothing but disgust. I had just, I won't say highly hostile feelings, to the point where I wanted to wantonly shoot anybody or beat anybody up or anything like that. But I had no respect for them... "The truck came up to the village, at which time I went into the store to get some candles. And there was a bottle of Seagram's Seven there, of which I picked up and walked out—just wanton theft. Of which Mama San ran out-well not the Mama San, she was a young girl—ran out ... I told the Comment By Jack Anderson guard, the truck driver to go on. "I just thought that was an extremely irrational behavior. ' It seems to me I did pay for the candles ... I came back and I gave the booze to my troops. And I said, 'Joe, check it out for glass.' I don't think I'd personally drink it. I had no desire in drinking the booze because I was afraid of it because it was on the market. "They didn't drink it (either) ... The MPs and I gave it back to the girl. It was a matter of why I actually did that, for which I had no excuse." CALLEY WENT on to describe his frustration over the difficulty of identifying the enemy in Vietnam. He confessed grief over the loss of men, anger at the war and constant fear. He tried to explain his feelings: "I think the moral issues of the war—-the question of when is a war right, when is a war good, when is killing right, when is it wrong and actually when is, what are we fighting— we shouldn't be there. "Are we fighting the Reds, or a tribe of people, or a bunch of human beings because they're in that situation? Or are we fighting an ideological philosophy that has been conjured in Crossword Puzzle Guessing Game Answer to Previous Punle m ACROSS lWho ——-? 6 Hints 10 Worships 12 Prohibited 14 Go back 15 Deep violet blue 18 Scottish preposition 17 Denomination 19 Individual conceits 20 Rachel's sister (Bib.) 21 Upper limb 22 Pulpitlike stand 25 Ship's spar 27 High mountain 30 Corkwood 32 Old World deer 33 Cravat 34 Samuel's teacher (Bib.) 35 Feathered scarf 37 Ear of corn 39 Lair 40 Battle site of 1798 42 Maple genus 43 Arid 45 Catch sight of 47 Identical 49 On the briny 50 Astern 53 Near East language 55 Conundrum 57 Tiny 58 Begrudged 59 South African fox 60 Locations DOWN 1 Missile 2 Concept 3 Pigeonlike bird 4 Anger 5 Succinct 6 Container 7 Beneath 8 Sphinx like 9 State flower of Utah 11 Invisible 12 Bridle part 13 Dower property 18 Ouessing games 20 Angeles 21 Philippine sweetsop 22 Retired to sleep 23 Masculine 24-—. bluff 26 Thus 28 Be fond of 29 Equal 31 Competently 36 Hawaiian bird 38 Give money for 41 French river 44 Puzzle 46 Aches 47 Masculine nickname 48 Operatic song 49 High card 50 Mine entrance 51 Hasten off 52 Spreads hay for drying 54 Native (suffix) 56 506 (Roman) T the minds of human beings?" "What is your feeling about why are we fighting in Vietnam?" Calley was asked. "Well," he replied, "everybody knows we're there to stop communism. What is commu-. nism? Today, actually communism is not an animate object. It's a philosophy in the minds of men. So how can you go into an armed conflict and say we're going to save these people from (communism). You've got armed combat troops in there to do a job, troops that were designed to fight a hostile enemy . . . We're not going to change your way of thinking. We're going to take your position and then endanger your way of life." AT MV LAI, Calley felt he was merely carrying out orders to shoot everyone remaining in the area because they had been identified as the enemy. He was "hyper" or "psyched up," but he felt he was in full control of his faculties. Afterward, he was stunned over the murder charges brought against him. "I was pulled into the Adjutant, no, I mean the Attorney General's office," said Calley. "And he said we've got a, we're conducting an investigation about the My Lai problem. "And I said great. And I was happy. Not because it had entered my mind that I had done anything wrong. I thought somebody finally was going to come and ask me my advice on the war. And I had built up so much stuff inside me . . . "BUT THEN in the next breath, he told me 'at which time you will probably be charged with murder. Do you want an attorney?' And I said, 'Gee, I thought you wanted to know something about a combat operation. What do you mean you're going to charge me with murder?' He said, 'Well, we're carrying on an investigation . . . There was something wrong there.' " "What is it," a psychiatrist asked Calley, "that you have actually been charged with as far as you know today?" "One hundred and two cases of premeditated murder," he replied. "And against whom?" "Oriental people of mixed ages and races." The accusation, he said, "suddenly presented me at this stage in my life with a cross few men have to bear in life. Now, people don't talk about the My Lai massacre, they call it the Calley massacre. All of a sudden, I have now become the personification of evil and horror, and everywhere I go, I must face these ^attitudes of people ... It is difficult and hard to understand why it should have happened to me, and I singled out." (Copyright, 1973, United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Now You Know ... By United Press International The coldest part of the Northern Hemisphere is not the North Pole, but parts of Siberia where the temperature sometimes drops to 90 degrees below zero. THE MAILBOX Good Editorial Editor, Register-Mail: Your recent editorial on strip mining was most appropriate. At a time when a few concerned Knox Countlans are challenging the local coal interests' exploitative practices, there needs to be a greater public awareness of the serious environmental damage resulting from sltrip mining operations. The need for the citizens of Knox County to be apprised of strip mining techniques and practices is particularly urgent given the attitude of the coal irvteresfc currently engaged in gouging up the landscape in the northeast section of the county. It is obvious that they have as their goal solely the realization of maximum profits and are not concerned with what the cost to future generations of Knox Countians may be. The citizens of Knox County have a fair greater stake in the future of the county than do the coal interests. Wise decisions such as insistence on reclamation of strh>mlned lands could pay ibig dividends one day. — Joel McQueen, Oneida. EDITOR'S NOTE: The Galesburg Register-Mail welcomes tempered, constructive expressions of opinion from its subscribers on current topics of interest, in, the form of a letter to the editor. The Register- Mail, however, assumes no responsibility for opinions therein expressed. Because of space limitations, letters should not exceed 200 words in length. They will be subject to condensation. The Register- Mail would prefer letters typed and double-spaced. Letters must include the writer's signature and address. Defamatory material will be rejected. No letters can fee returned. <3a1esbur# Register-Mail (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.) Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 343.7181 Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Daily except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor: Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James O'Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., Inc., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU Of CIRCULATION SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesbur* 50c a Week * * By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $16.00 3 Months U.gl 6 Months $ 9.00 1 Month $2.00 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery service. By Carrier in retail trading zont outside City of Galesburg 80c a Week By mail outside retail trading cone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: 1 Year $22.00 3 Months $6 00 6 Months $12 .00 1 Month $2.50 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $26.00 3 Months $7.50 6 Months $14 .50 1 Month $3.0(1 i

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