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iftsbura Reoister^MqiL Golesburo, HI. Tuesday, July 31, 1973 anel Cites 1984-Type Fears Under Mitchell ! By CRAW A, PALMER ^Atttmemf CUPD - cm- Mh Mtitottltttc* vm so expand- -til John N. Mitcheil was ityoniey general es to juaAify feirs About a 19M-type American society, a government •(Kisory panel said today. Jftoe panel, in a report to the Department of Health, Mica* tion and Welfare (HEW), ftfeoHtneaded extensive re- attaints on operation of computed data banks containing information about indivduals. It also urged curbs on what it called a dangerous drift toward use of Social Security numbers as standard, universal identifiers. THe group made several references to the highly controlled type of society depicted by novelist George Orwell in his book "1984." And in a statement summarizing the report, MEW also made mention of fears of Qnwellian-type surveillance of citizens. Citing Mitchell by name, the report on "Records, Computers and the Rights of Citizens" said his major goals while In office -from early 1M0 to mi<M972- wcre to strengthen the taw enforcement capability of the federal government end to increase the powers of police and prosecutors at all levels. "To this end he greatly expanded federal surveillance of citizens thought to be threats to internal security, justifying his action on the theory that the executive has inherent and discretionary power to protect itself," the report said. "He made aggressive use of existing laws and sought and obtained significant new legisla* tion to arm police and prosecutors with expanded authority to monitor individual conduct In order to prevent or punish potential crimes." Activities cited "under Mitchell's leadership" included such things as wiretapping, greater federal preventive detent tion of suspects, authority for police to enter homes without warning «he so-called no-knock law), and giving judges power to impose greatly expanded sentences lor "dangerous spe ciaJ offenders." Monitor Boost "These developments, when viewed in conjunction with the new surveillance technology funded by LEAA (the Justice Work on Nixon Homes Cost $3.7 Million ^WASHINGTON (UPI) - Administration officials say a new '^definitive" statement to be made public later this week will place government spending on President Nixon's Florida aisd California homes at $3.5 million to $3.7 million. ?The new report on govern-$10 million or more. Adminis- ment expenditures on the Nixon properties at San Clemente, Calif., and Key Biscayne, Fla., is being prepared by the General Services Administration (GSA). The New York Times reported Sunday the total could reach tration officials said there was "no way" the total could be that high. But they conceded the estimate will be much higher than $1.9 million stated in a GSA report June 21. There were indications the White House, at the time the r gent JctxxK. Jxxxn [CUP A SAVE 10% OFF Any SHOES NOT SALE PRICED Coupon Good Thru Sat., Aug. 4 SHANE'SHOWERS-- 153 E. MAIN ST. Across From Walgreen's — FREE Layaway BANK AMERICARD — MASTER CHARGE new report is issued, would clarify the President's transaction with New York industrial* ist Robert H. Abplanalp in the sale of 20 acres of the San Clemente estate. An investment company set up by Abplanalp paid $1.2 million for all the property except 5.9 acres, which Nixon retained. Under the settlement, Nixon's outstanding loan from Abplanalp totaling $625,000 was then canceled. It will be the third time the administration has attempted to March of Time If earth's total age, now estimated by geophysicists at about 4.5 billion years, is taken as a singly 24-hour day, today's ocean basins are scarcely an hour old. By the same measure, the cave dwellers were hunting their prey less than a second ago; the past 500 years is but a hundredth of a second, and a 50-year working life is only one thousandth of a second. add up outlays for projects at the presidential compounds, which it maintains were re quested by the Secret Service. On May 25, the White House said an estimated $39,000 had been spent on the California property. The new report also is expected to mention security installations at the home of Julie and David Eisenhower in nearby Maryland and on Grand Cay in the Bahamas, an island owned by Abplanalp, which Nixon has visited 21 times as President. Departments Law Enforcement Assistance Administration) grants and the national computer!?*! file on criminal offenders, greatly increase the capability of the government to monitor the activities of all citizens and to step in to prevent or punish those activities where it chooses to do so," the report said. "The new criminal justice information network can be used in conjunction with the vast government and private computer dossiers being compiled by credit bureaus, insurance companies, welfare agencies, mental health units and others. "Cumulatively, (these files threaten an information tyranny that could lock each citizen into his past; they signal the end of a uniquely American promise—that the individual can shed past mistakes and entonfdements and start out anew." Recommendation The committee, reporting after a year-long study, recommended: —Enactment of a federal code of fair information practice based on principles that there must be no personal data record-keeping systems whose very existence is secret. —That any individuals assured that he can find out what Information about him is In a record— and how it is used —and to correct mistakes or amend it. -That record-keeping organizations be required to guarantee the reliability of their data and prevent misuse. A 24-page section of the 346-page report, prepared by the nongovernment Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, said few laws exist to control either the national criminal information system or other public and private information systems. An HEW spokesman said this section, which contained the references to Mitchell, was included as an appendix to the main body of the report because it was a "useful" description of criminal information systems. In a statement summarizing the report, HEW said: "Although public apprehension about the development of an Orwellian system of government dossiers containing information about every citizen does JokaMtteiea not take into account the technical difficulties that would have to be overcome* at enormous expense, before such a system can be brought into being, such apprehension is still justified because of die potential of electronic data processing technology to erode traditional boundaries between different types of record keeping systems." The panel's chairman was Willis H. Ware, computer scientist with the research firm, Rand Corp. Panelists included lawyers and educators, and representatives of the government, the computer industry and social service agencies. 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