Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 31, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Tuesday, July 31, 1973
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If eme Paper of M CdffifflunltiM Fair, Cool tonight Low 60 Fair, 0^ Wednesday A Bitter Nempaper VOLUME LXXXII — m GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 6,1401 — TUESDAY, JULY 31, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS IF I f 'P' i White House 'Horrors' Kept From Haldeman #* WASHINGTON (UPI) - H. R. Haldeman disputed John N. Mitchell and John W. Dean in and testified today that he was kept in the dark throughout 11972 about White House involvement in the Watergate break-in or other potentially embarrassing activities. Related Story on Page 33 Coolly, with a frequent grin, Haldeman—once considered the second most powerful man in the government—listened while information received and dis- the events that Mitchell called missed." "White House horrors" were ticked off and said all had escaped his attention until this spring. The crew-cut former advertising executive told the Senate Watergate Committee that when he did learn that through White House efforts funds were channeled to the seven original Watergate defendants, he treated that news as "incidental iiiic m Skylab Spacewalk Delayed, Astronauts Are Feeling Fine Senate Watergate Committee Members of the Senate Watergate Committee study some documents before continuing the questioning of H. R. Haldeman. From left, Sen. Howard Baker, R-Tenn.; George Murphy, security officer for the Joint Congressional Atomic Energy Committee which has been storing and guarding documents for the Watergate Committee; Chairman Sam Ervin, D-N. C, and Chief Counsel Sam Dash. UNIFAX Haldeman Listened to Nixon Tapes WASHINGTON (UPI) - Private citizen H.R. Haldeman sat alone at home one summer , night listening to President Nixon's secret tapes—tapes that Nixon has denied to the Senate Watergate Commjtjee. v ; - Haldman's dra^Uc ?<disclosure at the Senai &V hearings Monday came in the wake of: — Nixon's statement last Thursday that none of the tapes of his conversations "has been transcribed or made public and none will be." —Nixon's refusal to respond to subpoena's by the Senate committee and Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, a refusal that could lead to a historic legislative vs. executive constitutional confrontation in the Supreme Court. Cox already has filed suit in U.S. District Court and a show cause hearing has been scheduled for Aug. 7. The committee is expected to file suit this week for a declaratory judgment. . Whits House Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren confirmed that Haldeman had listened to the tapes-^and'so had White House - sipeclall counsel J. Fred Buzh&rdt and appointments secretary Steve Bull. The knowledge that Nixon has taped all his conversations was gained by a committee investigator and later confirmed in testimony before the committee by a reluctant witness, former White House Deputy Assistant Alexander P. Butterfield. This was not the case on the news of Haldeman's private audience. The former White House chief of staff and his lawyer, John J. Wilson, themselves disclosed thai he had listened to the tapes. And the White House, through Buzhardt, told Haldfeiman that he could testify about those portions vi the tapes made cf meetings -where'he was actually present. "Apparently we have one set cif rules for everybody in. the United States and another set of rules the President has decreed for Mr. Haldeman," Sen. Lowell P. Weicker Jr., R- Ccmn., a committee member, told reporters later. "The President has waived any theory of executive privilege, separation of powers and any theory whatsoever by giving this citizen this information and by withholding it from other citizens and the duly constituted authorites. "In the minds of the American people it's going to speiak for itself," Weicker said. Sen. Daniel K. Inouye, D- Hawaii, another committee member, also said Nixon "has waived his right to the tape." Haldeman said that he listened to the tapes of Sept. 15 and March 21 meetings that Nixon had with ousted White House Counsel John W. Dean HI—meetings on which Dean based his contention that Nixon knew of the Watergate cover- up. Haldeman said that the Secret Service issued him the tapes at Nixon's authorization. He said he listened to one tape in his office in the White House in April, and to the other at his residence in July. HOUSTON (UPI) - The Skylab 2 astronauts today reported major improvement in their four-day bout with motion sickness and their 'first space- walk was delayed again until Saturday to help speed their recovery. Mission commander Alan L. Bean and scientist-astronaut Owen K. Garriott said in a midday report thlat they were feeling fine, moving at full speed and up to about 95 per cent of their prelaunch stamina level., Lousma Better Jack R. Lousma, the crewman most seriously affected by the space sickness, said he too felt better although he was not yet operating at (bop speed. Lousma has had little to eat during the past three days but said he ate most of his breakfast today. The astronauts were making progress in activating the huge Laird Defends Bombing WASHINGTON (UPI) - Melvin R. Laird vigorously defended today secret bombing of areas of neutral Cambodia in 1969-70 as essential to save American lives but said the Pentagon committed a snafu in giving Congress doctored reports. Laird, who as defense secretary proposed the bombing and said he got President Nixon's authorization, insisted it was necessary both to reduce American casualties at the time and expedite U.S. withdrawal. Laird, now a counselor to President Nixon, said the raids on so-called sanctuary areas for North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops were made secretly because of diplomatic sensitivities. Cambodia was proclaiming itself neutral at the time. But U.S. officials say Prince Norodom, Sihanouk gave tacit approval for the raids provided they were not publicly reported. Since the Vietnam cease-fire, U.S. bombers have attacked Communist forces menacing Cambodia, now under the Lon Nol regime -that deposed Sihanouk and tilted toward the United States. The bombing is to halt under a congressionally imposed deadline Aug. 15. Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall is expected to rule shortly, possibly today, on a case involving a federal district judge's order to halt the raids immediately. Laird said he never condoned falsifying records to conceal the bombing that took place prior to May, 1970, when U.S. forces, with announced air support, moved across the South Vietnamese border to clear the sanctuary areas. Some witnesses have told Congress that bombing records were altered and some were destroyed. A Pentagon report to Congress about 90 days ago on the Cambodia bombing did not detail the extent of the pre-1970 raids and Laird said, "This was a mistake." "In 1969 and 1970 there was a reason (not to disclose the raids publicly),"- Laird said, but added "It was a snafu and a mistake to send that report to a congressional committee (earlier this year)." Laird said a "separate reporting channel" of the bombing as it was taking place was set up, and that key congressional committee chairmen and a few in the administration were kept posted. The Air Force secretary at the time, Robert Seamans, has said he was not one of those who knew about the raids. Advocated Bombing Interviewed on the NBCTV Today show, Laird said that as a Wisconsin congressman, he advocated the bombing as early as 1964 and 1965 and was told by then-Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara that it might cause China to enter the war. When he became secretary in 1969, he said, "I felt it was absolutely essentil (to hit) enemy targets in Cambodia. Basically the bombing was authorized so we could cut down American casualties and enable us to withdraw Americans." That was the goal, he .said — "to withdraw Americans and reduce casualties" — and he said it was successful. "Casualties went down (after the strikes). The reduction of loss of American life justified the recommendation I made to the President of the United States ... and also assured the success of our withdrawal program." space station and even had time to observe two minnows confused by the lack of gravity in the ship's aquarium. The astronauts will begin medical tests Wednesday to measure their initial physical condition in weightless space. Some other experimental work also will start Wednesday. Research Time However, Flight Director Donald Puddy said the astronauts were going to lose some research time planned for the record 59-day mission because of their slow adapta tion to weightlessness and the resulting stomach queasiness and nausea. Among the chores the astronauts accomplished this morning were replacement of a faulty tape recorder, additional work on a troublesome dehumidifier, hooking up bicycle exerciser and general housekeeping. Nixon Welcomes Tanaka As Equal Peace Partner WASHINGTON (UPI) —"big brother and smaller Told Nothing He also testified he was told nothing of the break-in into the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist; of the attempt to hide Dita Beard, lobbyist for Internaitional Telephone and Telegraph, from senators who wanted to question her; or of attempts to falsify cables from South Vietnam to implicate President John F. Kennedy in the assassination of Premier Ngo Dinh Diem. Mitchell testified before the committee that he told Halde- rnian of the "Willito House horrors" with the intent of "keeping the lid on." Dean said he told Haldeman of the payoffs to the Watergate burglars. Mitchell was director of Nixon's re-election campaign at the time and Dean was counsel to the President. "I did not know of any of the items thlat I can recall reading in the newspapers or hearing Mr. Mitchell testify to under the category of 'White House horrors' at this time last year," Haldeman told the committee. Nor, he said, did he recall Dean telling him of meetings at which Jeb Stuart Magruder, deputy director of the Nixon campaign, perfected his plans to tell a falsehood to the Watergate grand jury to conceal high level involvement in the wiretapping scheme. Haldeman volunteered little in his answers. He said lie had only a vague recollection of sending to Nixon for his approval a 1970 intclli gence-gathering plan which call ed for illegal break-ins and increased wiretapping. Haldeman was questioned about his role in seeking to overcome J. Edgar Hoover's objections to the plan. The late FBI director finally prevailed and Nixon rescinded his ap­ proval five days after granting it in July 1970. As Haldeman underwent his first extensive quizzing at the Senate Watergate hearing, no mention was made of Monday's explosive development—his disclosure that he had listened to tape-recorded presidential conversations. on Watergate which Nixon has denied to the committee and to Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox. In his demeanor, Haldeman did not live up to his "tough giiy" image. When he served as chief of staff in Nixon's White House (some said as the second most powerful man in' Washington), he was known as a demanding and unrelenting boss. The chief committee counsel, Samuel Dash, asked Hald- deman, "Would it be fair to say that you were a hard taskmaster and often cracked 1 the whip?" With a smile, Haldeman acknowledged his reputation. "I didn't feel I was a hard taskmaster, I felt I was a just a taskmaster," said the crew-cut Haldeman, a former vice president of the J. Walter Thompson advertising agency. "We attempted to do everything right," he said. Dash asked him about a memo to widely extend intelligence-gathering activities from Tom Charles Huston, a former leader of the conservative Young Americans for Freedom. In the memo, Huston warned that the intelligence-gathering methods he advocated were "clearly illegal" and carried "serious risk" to the administration if ever disclosed. Nixon said on May 22, 1972 that he approved the plan despite these warnings, but withdrew his endorsement when Hoover raised objections about violating laws and civil liberties. President Nixon welcomed Japan's prime minister, Kakuei Tanaka, today as an "equal partner" not only in the Pacific but in the world. Standing oii a red-carpeted platform in a colorful South Lawn ceremony, Nixon told Tanaka: "We welcome you today as an equal partner in a cause to which we are equally devoted —the cause of peace for the whole world and progress for the whole world." Nixon stressed changes that have taken place in the relationship between the United States and Japan since the early 1950s when the United States was considered the "senior partner" and Japan "the junior partner." He also described the relationship of the past as one of a brother." "The world has changed and changed very much for the better," the President said. "Japan is a great Pacific power and it is now a world power." Describing Tanaka as a world statesman, Nixon said the talks between the two would Include discussions on bilateral problems as well as "problems of our role in the whole world." In a response, Tanaka said he looked forward to exchanging views not only on the problems of the Pacific but the Atlantic, as well. He said U.S.-Japanese relations had expanded greatly and added "in this modern age we should make every effort to deepen the understanding among people." Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS Abingdon 35 Amusement 6 Bushnell 12 Classified Ads 35-36-37-38-39 Comics-Radio 34 Editorial 4 Galva- 12 Hospital Note* U 40 PAGES Knoxville 35 Markets 29 Monmouth - 16 Obituary U Sports 22-23 Weather 2 Women in the News ..8-9 Oriental Greeting President Nixon and Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka touch heads as they bow while shaking hands. Nixon welcomed Tanaka at the White House for official talks that will include joint rebuilding projects in Indochina; and plans for development of Siberian energy resources with Soviet cooperation. UNIFAX Aides Said Dean Is at Fault for Watergate Cover-Up WASHINGTON (UPI) - The attention of President Nixon and two trusted aides—H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlich* man—was focused on peace in Vietnam and domestic problems while "Watergate project officer" John W. Dean III failed dismally to expose the' truth of the Watergate bugging. That was the picture painted for the Senate Watergate Committee by Haldeman and Ehrlichman, who Dean says were intynately involved in helping the President cover up involvement in the bugging. The message Monday from Haldeman and Ehrlichman for the Senate investigators was clear: for nine months they and the President were unaware of Dean's involvement in the illegal and improper coverup. From the June 17, 1972, break-in until March, they portrayed the White House hierachy as only casually interested in the Watergate affair while attending to mo­ mentous problems of Vietnam, re-establishing relations with China and wrestling with domestic economic difficulties. Haldeman told how from June, 1972, until February of this year his personal handwritten notes make a stack of paper eight inches high yet matters pertaining to Watergate amount to no more than one per cent of the total. Throughout this period, insisted Haldeman, the President's former chief of staff, "Dean assured us that there was absolutely no evidence that anyone in the White House had been involved in Watergate in any way." Dean moved in "immediately after the incident as sort of the Watergate project officer in the White House," said Haldeman. He was to report "from time to time on developments" to Haldeman and Ehrlichman, who would tell the President. "He apparently did not keep us fully posted. and it now appears he did not keep us accurately posted," said Haldeman, an American flag lapel button on his conservative gray suit and speaking in firm, forceful tones. "The President, Ehrlichman and I were very much involved in many other vital matters through this entire period, and we made no attempt to get into the details of, or in any way take over the Watergate case," he explained. Haldeman said they shared a - firm belief the truth must be told quickly but "every time we pushed for action in this direction we were told by Dean that it could not be done. His concern as I understood it, was that the case was complex, it involved rights of defendants and other legal complexities, the facts were not clear, and nothing should be done publicly." Haldeman in his opening statement, like Ehrlichman in five days of testimony, mah*< tained he had no involvement in the scandal—the bugging or the cover-up—and it was nofc until March that the truth was learned as the President intensified his probe. Ehrlichman struck a similar chord earlier in his testimony, charging that Dean had lied when he testified the Watergate affair was the major concern at the White House for the thr^ftr months after the June 17 breajjj*/ in. ^

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