Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 28, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Saturday, July 28, 1973
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If OHM Piptf at 70 Communiuw Fair, Ctttaf Tomght li# Sunday tfigh -4 Better !V «f0»fNifiif VOLUME LXXXl I — 177 ' •' i..„...«L— s... - n 11 ' I I' Hi GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — SATURDAY, JULY 28,1973 PRICE TIN CENTS Skylab's Crew Pursues ace CAPE KENNEDY (UPI) Skylab's second crew soared into orbit today and then rocketed in pursuit of the big space station for a two-month visit that will double the time man has lived away from his planet. Alan L. Bean, Owen K. Garri6tt and Jack R. Lousma were exuberant over the flawless beginning of the world's longest planned space voyage, a mission designed to give man a better understanding of the earth, the sun and of himself. 'Doing Great' "We're doing great," reported Lousma, a rookie spaceman who dozed in the Apollo command ship a few minutes] before blastoff. • The Skylab 2 pilots left earth at 7:11 a.m. after the smoothest countdown ever conducted on an American spaceship. Their Saturn IB rocket propelled them into a preliminary earth orbit 10 minutes later. "Tell the guys at KSC (Kennedy Space Center-) thanks," commander Bean told mission control in Houston. "It was a nice, nice job." The astronauts, traveling at more than 17,000 miles per hour, circled earth. more than 100 miles below the $294 million orbiting laboratory for longer than two hours. Then, at 9:29 a.m., Bean fired Apollo's big rocket engine for 10 seconds to switch the spaceship onto a path gradually closing the gap between it and Skylab for the midafternoon rendezvous and docking. At 11:20 a .m., Bean reported that the Apollo's radio tracking system had ftand the space station some 90 miles away. The three astronauts were scheduled to open the hatch to the forward section of Skylab at 5:30 p.m. and begin activating the station's systems for their 69-day visit. The Skylab 2 astronauts were accompanied by an unprecedented menagerie of fish, spiders, mice and gnats. Their Apollo command module was the heaviest ever launched and also included spare parts and sun shades for the orbiting laboratory. Skylab was over Newfoundland on its 1,080th orbit when the astronauts took off. Navigation Procedure As soon as they settled down in orbit, Bean, Garriott and Lousma started the long series of navigation procedures leading to a rendezvous and docking with Skylab about 270 miles high, 8& hours after launch. Skylab's first crew spent 28 days in space, leaving the lab in orbit June 22. Bean reported 10 minutes after launch that their Apollo ferry, ship had separated from the spent second stage of Skylab as planned. "We got this baby right in front and it is beautiful," Bean said. "All four panels are open," he said referring to four panels that peeled back like a banana after the Apollo moved away. "It sure is pretty up here in the sunlight," Bean said. The 22-story rocket generated a long orange plume of flame as it roared smoothly away from (the occanside launch pad. "I get a great feeling of motion up here," reported Lousma, making his first space flight. "I really feel like it's moving out." Smiling Skylab astronauts, from left, Jack Lousma, Owen GaBiott and Alan Bean, begin their trip to ^rendezvous' With the orbiting Skylab space "station with a walk Ready for Blastoff from their quarters for a ride to the launch pad. Bean said, "We're anxious to put out 100 per cent of what we've got.' ? UNIFAX Jop^^^Cp ^ttltiaB ^W^rs Consulted In White House Tapes Controversy Where To Find It 4 SECTIONS 22 PAGES Abingdon .. ... 17 Amusement 5 Bushneli 5 Churches ........ 6-7 Classified Ads 1MS-19-20-21 Comics-Radio ...15 Editorial .... .... 4 Galva ... .... 5 Hospital Notes . ...11 Knoxvilie .... 17 Markets .... ...22 Monmouth . 8 Obituary ...11 Sports 13-14 Weather '§• Women in the News . ... 3 Nixon Prepares for Visitors CAMP DAVID, Md. (UPI) President Nixon is spending a quiet weekend at his mountain retrealt, preparing for the visits early next week of two prime ministers—Gough Whitlam of Australia and Kakuei Tanaka of Japan. Whitlam, a severe critic of Nixon's Vietnam policy, will call on the President ait the White House Monday. Nixon held out for some time before agreeing to a visit from Whitlam, who strongly denounced the President's bombing v of North Vietnam last hnstmas.' ,. Whitlam will Stop in Washington en route to Canada. A much wanner welcome with full ceremonial honors is being laid on for Tanaka, who arrives in Washington Tuesday for a two-day visit. But there were also diplomatic fences to mend with the Japanese. Many Japanese were outraged when the Nixon administration recently resrtict- ed U.S. exports of soybeans, a Japanese staple. Japan Was not happy when Nixon announced his breakthrough with ancient as well rival. The President flew to Camp David Friday afternoon, accompanied by his wife Pat arid his best friend Charles G. "Bebe" , uoycrn S 3 modern Rebozo. Rebozo flew up from Key Biscayne, Fla,, to be with the Nixbns. The President's doctors were hoping he would take time out to neflax and swim a bit so that he will not suffer any relapse from overwork after his recent bout with viral pneumonia. Met With Aides The President held a series of meetings with his top White House aides Friday. He continued to abstain from watching the t e 1 e v i s e d Watergate hearings, according to his aldes^even though one of his former top staffers, John D. Ehrlichman, was testifying. The President was receiving summaries of the hearings but the White House continued to portray the President as more interested in affairs of state. Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren did not confirm or deny a statement by Nixon's daughter, Julie Eisenhower, that tihe President will speak out in about two weeks on the Watergate scandal. He may, make. his. next statement in San Clemcnte, Calif.. The President was expected to head back to the Western White House around Aug. 10. WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate Watergate Committee is consul.tjng with two of the nation's top constitutional lawyers in an effort to write a "perfect" case against President Nixon's refusal to turn over Watergate related tapes of his White House conversations. The committee will move in U.S. District Court next week in an historic constitutional challenge to compel the White House to give up the tapes, picked up by electronic surveil­ lance . equipment Nixon had installed in his offices and/on his telephones. Cox Files Action Special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox has already filed a similar court action before Chief Judge John J. Sirica. White House lawyers must show cause in court Aug. 7 why the tapes should not be turned over. Chief committee counsel Samuel L. Dash, and Chairman Sam Ervin Jr., met Friday night with'Prof. Alexander M. Bickel, 48, of Yale, who argued the Pentagon Papers case in the Supreme Court, and Philip B. Kurland, 51, of the University of Chicago, who argued the Richmond school desegregation case. Specific Challenge The case will probably ultimately be settled in the Supreme Court, which has never directly ruled on such a specific challenge to the doc trine of separation of powers.. Cyprus Rocked by Explosions, Minister of Justice Kidnaped NICOSIA, Cyprus (UPI) — The Cypriot minister of justice was kidnaped today only hours after a series of bombings and explosions hilt Nicosia and the southern city off Limassol, the government said. A government statement said Justice Minister Chiristakis Vakis was kidnaped- in the early morning hours but gave no other details, 34 Explosions Police reported 34 explosions and bombings throughout the night in Nicosia and Limassol, about 30 miles south of the Cypriot capital almost on the coast of this Mediterranean Sea island. One of the bombs damaged the Nicosia home of another government official, Michael jColccassides, Cyprus' industry and commerce minister. Colocassides was at his country home at Kyrewia at the time, police said. The night of bombing—nine blasts in Nicosia and 25 in Limassol—followed (an explosion in the armory of the Limassol police station that injured 16 policemen. That bombing had been preceded by an anonymous telephone call warning police the armory would be blown up and to evacuate it. Police said the attacks were apparently in reprisal for a government military raid on a rebel hideout last Wednesday ending in a gun battle that wounded a follower of Gen. George Grivas, the leader of the struggle for Cypriot union with Greece, and the arrest of three others. Tear Gas Fired Into Prison Riot McALESTER, Okla. (UPI) I National Guard troops fired tear gas today into rioting convicts at the Oklahoma State Prison. About 200 inmates (surrendered but hundreds more held out with 11 hostages. "It's not under control—far from it," said Capt. David Boren, head of the National Guard troops and also a state legislator. The inmates who surrendered released their hostages and were herded away, their hands clasped behind their heads. | They were taken to cells in the east block and were given food. 'Very Good Sign' "We feel like when they return to their cellblpcks that is a very good sign," said Joe Carter, Gov. David Hall's executive assistant. "A majority of the people (inmates) were not actually involved in this. They were caught up in it. We are feeding everybody who is calm." The convicts who continued the rebellion that started at 2:30 p.m. Friday held 11 hostages, all prison officials. Two hostages were released Friday night and eight more today. When the convicts started surrendering there were reports that the revolt had ended and that all hostages were being released. It quickly became evident that many inmates were refusing to give up. Irvine Ungerman, chairman of the Oklahoma Corrections Department, shouted through a bullhorn to the holdout convicts, urging them to surrender. They left the two-block-long prison a smoking shell that Oklahoma officials said would cost $10 million to replace, The first surrender came at 8:19 a.m. —17 hours and 49 minutes after the revolt started —with an agreement reached during a negotiating session in the prison dining hall. Details were not immediately released. The inmates released their hostages and walked briskly out of the east gate with their hands clasped behind their heads. Guards yelled and fired occasional gunshots into the air to keep the inmates moving. Oklahoma State Prison Parts of the Oklahoma State Prison, McAlester, Okla., burn out of control after prisoners set fire to the prison and took hostages. National Guard troops fired tear gas into the prison and about 200 inmates surrendered today but hundreds more stiil are holding out with 11 hostages. UNIFAX Ervin Says Nixon Interfered with Grand Jury Probe WASHINGTON (UPI) - Sen. Sam J. Ervin Jr, says President Nixon improperly interfered with the grand jury investigation of the Watergate case last August by arranging for his campaign fund-raiser, Maurice H. Stans, to testify privately, out of the presence of the grand jurors. Related Stories on page If "This is the kind of situation that makes justice grieve at being so treated," Ervin told John D. Ehrlichman, Nixon's former chief domestic affairs adviser, during Senate hearings Friday. Ehrlichman has testified that, at the President's request, he called Assistant Attorney General Henry Petersen, then supervising the Justice Department's Watergate prosecution, and asked him to allow Stans to give testimony in a deposition— a question and answer session with only lawyers present- instead of before the grand jury, Petersen agreed. This was before the indictments of seven Watergate defendants were handed down in September. The written transcipt of Stans' deposition was given to the grand jury, but the jurors were unable to question him or observe his demeanor as a witness. "Under our system of criminal jurisp^on, witnesses are supposed to go before the grand jury so that the grand jury may ask them questions," Ervin said, his voice rising, "even though they may be questions that the prosecuting attorneys do not see fit to ask." Now I'm not saying anything of what the President's intention was," Ervin said. "The President ought to have never made a request which had the effect of bypassing the judicial process by which witnesses in investigations go before grand juries and are subject to being questioned by grand juries." Ervin charged that had Stans given the grand jury the same testimony he gave the Senate committee, high officials of the Committee to Re-elect the President could have been indicted on charges of being accessories to the fact of burglary. Ehrlichman, addressing the nationwide television audience as well as Ervin, said: "Lest the viewers be left with the impression that the grand jury didn't see the deposition, I think it's important to note that the grand jury did in fact have that deposition read to them, and it included the questions of prosecutors and Mr. Stans' resiponse, and, of course, the grand jury had the opportunity to indicate to the prosecutors any additional questions that they might wish to have asked, of Mr. Stans, or they could have asked that Mr. Stans then be brought up to the grand jury." Ehrlichman, completing four days of testimony, will return to the witness chair in the Senate Caucus Room Monday. His testimony is running much longer than expected. He will be followed by his close friend and associate, farmer White House chief of staff H.R. "Bob" Haldeman, who has a 104-page prepared statement. The committee staff met Friday night with professors Alexander M. Bickel of Yale and Philip B. Kurland of the University of Chicago, two top constitutional lawyers. Presum­ ably they conferred over preparation of the committee's legal action to force Nixon to comply with subpoenas to turn over tapes and documents dealing with Watergate. A suit will be filed, probably Monday. In cither testimony Friday, Ehrlichman said: —It is important for voters to know about a candidate's morals, drinking habits and probity, and therefore proper for poetical parties to investigate their opponents in these respects during political campaigns. —He has "great difficulty" believing that Rousted White House Counsel John W. Dean III told Nixon everything about Watergate that Dean said he did. —Nixon gave no hint on March 22 that he knew about a Watergate cover-up. Dean has testified that a day earlier, he told Nixon the basic facts and warned that they constituted "a cancer on the presidency." —He put Dean hi charge of the Watergate investigation two days after the bugging arrests at the Democratic national offices in the Watergate complex June 17, 1972, "and from then on, as far as I was concerned, he had the ball." Ervin repeated to Ehrlichman what he has said several times during the hearings—that the most damaging evidence in the scandal is that Nixon's campaign funds were found in possession of the Watergate burglars. "Maurice Stans was director of the Finance Committee to Re-elect the President," Ervin said. "One can reasonably assume that he knew more about the finances than any other human being or should! have known more about it," Ervin said. "If he had gone before the grand jury any one of those grand jurors who had an inquisitive mind could have ascertained by questioning Maurice Stans what Stans testified before this commit* tee," Ervin said. r 1

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