Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 25, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 25, 1973
Page 4
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Ul r L ^ * - ^ r _ • J L 1. * L h Constitutional Confrontation Unneeded « Sen. Howard Baker, the Tennessee star of the Senate Watergate hearings, said AJuiday that President Nixon's refusal to t$h over White House tapes relating to tile Watergate investigations puts this country on the brink of a constitutional confutation. What Sen. Baker did not say, but f 4 cBuld have, was that the President's latest aftion has brought the Senate hearings to tip point of absurdity and created an unnecessary, but apparently unavoidable governmental crisis. Z Last March, the President io\d the njtion in a rare television broadcast, that hj had only recently been made aware o£ the full ramifications of the bugging of Democratic headquarters last summer and that he would cooperate with attempts ttf bring the matter to a swift and just 4 conclusion. ; It is likely that if the President would have kept that commitment the Watergate hearings would be over and the threat of a; constitutional crisis nonexistent. In the past four months, however, Mr. Nixon has done little more to cooperate than instruct his aides to tell the truth, behavior which Should not have required an executive mandate in the first place. 'i Mr. Nixon has continued to refuse cooperation with congressional investigators; h| has refused to release White House documents and tapes; he has continued to slight the importance of the Senate hearings, and he has continued to shut himself off from any communication with the people who elected him. Meanwh^e, the U.S. credibility in foreign affairs continues to erode; public trpst in government—or what remains of itr-continues to slide downhill, and the Con- sfltution of the United States faces one of its most serious challenges. 'J Yet, Mr. Nixon had and still has the ability to end this political soap opera, but he won't. We can't help but wonder why. Is it because he firmly believes that • - * cooperation with Congress would jeopardize the constitutional separation of powers be- + * tween the executive ami legislative branches and establish a dangerous precedent? Some of the foremost experts in constitutional law in the country don't think so, and aside from that, preservation of the separation of powers does not prevent the President from leveling with the American people. Is it because the President of the United States is covering up his participation in illegal activities? Even if that were true, it is difficult to believe that any chief executive would go so far as to risk the future of the country to save his own hide. Is .the President deliberately prolonging the Watergate affair to keep the public spotlight off some other activity? That seems highly unlikely even though Mr. Nixon has been known to favor surprise endings and dramatic theatrics. Is the President plagued with paranoia? Does he truly believe that Congress and a segment of the population is out to get him? If that is true, we are in trouble. Somewhere among those alternatives may be a combination of factors that have prompted the administration to let this nation be thrown into such a turmoil. But again, only Richard Nixon knows) and for whatever reason, it appears he is determined to ride out the storm in silence. The Watergate, scandal is going to be i resolved one way or another, with the President or without him. Unfortunately, without him, the constitutional confrontation Sen. Baker referred to seems unavoidable, But even that could be tolerated if Mr. Nixon would only give us some assurance that the gamble is worth it. 7f Powers Separation Issue Stretched \ White House spokesmen have been per- l&tent in their argument that President Richard Nixon cannot cooperate with the Watergate investigations because it would destroy the separation of powers doctrine and executive privilege. •The spokesmen often cite as a precedent t^p case of Thomas Jefferson when called uppn by Chief Justice John Marshall to tepfcify in the treason trial of Aaron Burr. # The administration says Thomas Jefferson refused to testify citing executive privilege, W^ich he did, but the spokesmen won't |e|i the rest of the story. ^ A well-documented history book will repeal to Mr. Nixon and the White House hejrarchy that after President Jefferson and Justice Marshall made their points publicly, the two men resolved the matter farshaU did not press for the Fjtsident to appear at the trial in person, and Jefferson agreed to turn over certain documents to the court. President Nixon, however, like no other president before him, has erected the concept of separation of powers into a veritable Berlin Wall which permits of no breaching. There is to be absolutely no cooperation between the executive and legislative branches in any area which, to the President's thinking, touches upon the province of the presidency. Carried to its extreme, as it was indeed carried by former Attorney General Herbert Kleindienst, this means that every one of the two million employes of the executive branch are immune from congressional scrutiny. Many have accused the press of waging a "get-Nixon" campaign, of trying him by innuendo and hearsay. But how can it be otherwise when the President himself will not — or cannot — take even the most elementary measures in his own defense? Own WASHINGTON (NBA) - The urfavwable balance of trade Aftd the piunuMtiftg which threaten our economic stability and add to inflation are, in considerable measure, a result of our own lethargy, The problem lies in inept* nets within the White Mouse leadership, inefficiency and lack of imagination in a half dczen department* and agen* ties and a shortage of get-up- among thousands of Airancsn roainessTnen. ufa who spend their time In trade dbcusskm f ortign lands say there is en untapped market abroad lor several billions a year in add* ed V. S. exports — goods we now produce. American prices arc right. Foreign consumers quite frequently are eager to buy. A case in point is the textile business, an area in which tfje U. S. unfavorable trade balance has run well over $2 billion at times. One official with expertise in this field believes a goodly chunk of this unfavorable textile balance could be wiped out, not by down on imports, out on porting sales to market* i for American styles and A afeUbattftjha^flh But, he . ment, despite some fancy words, some impressive studies of what's wrong, and the organization of super cornrnstteei, does pfeddus little to encourage this trade. For* one thing biifdnessmen don't get the information they need. Market reporting and economic analysis by U. S. embassies and consulates abroad is, with some noted exceptions, abominable. The prestige of American government commercial and treasury representatives abroad is so low that even at those posts where superior economic specialists are stationed, reporting is hampered and recommendations of the economic men ignored or sanitized. (Political types dominate most embassies.) The same downgrading goes on in the State Department in Washington, where economics men, regardless of rank, are held ' in considerably lower Comment By Ray Cromley esteem than their counterparts specializing in political \ At the White House, Dr. Henry Kissinger tends to ignore economic matters or put them in second place in his foreign affairs strategy. And Peter Flanigan, who has direct responsibility, has neither clout, expertise nor credibility among his peers in foreign trade and economics. By contrast consider the ma* jof Wgn c<juntte* and their embassies in Washington, Most tuiderstand the serious impor* tance of economic viability to national interest and prestige. One Asian ambassador told me he has personally a tfacto <* new business which he is to develop in me United States for MS country each year. "And believe me," he say«, "I meet that quota." But, my friend continues, officials to not bear aU the Name. Mcst American bUstoessmen .take very little interest in foreign trade, except when im* 1 ports threaten their domestic U. S. market. Except for a relatively small percentage of firms which are active in overseas business, American businessmen don't seem to realize that if a foreign producer threatens strong competition with some <**h«jr wares here, they can offset (his challenge by pushing exports of other items they make or produce which the foreign concerns cannot equal, or which Americans can turn out at cheaper prices. rM Security Not Reason for San Clemente v WASHINGTON - Contrary to what the Secret Service has told the public about San Clemente, aides at the Western White House acknowledged in 1970 that the landscaping was designed to give the First Family an expensive view of the Pacific Ocean. This admission was made, of course, before the public found out that the $700,000 renovation was financed by the taxpayers. Now the Secret Service cdaims that Hie iawteoating was ordered strictly to provide presidential security. Quito a different story was tokl in late 1970, however, when the Nixons decided to share their home with the puMic. They invited Gteon T. Knapp, ptl&her of Architectural Digest, to take a guided tour of the San Clemente estate. THE PHOTOGRAPHER was selected by the White House and the story was carefully supervised by the President's personal attorney, Herbert Kalmbach. The filial text was submitted to Kalmbach's office for approval The approved manuscript indicates that the landscaping had little to do with the President's security, "live patio and the grounds outside the house/ 9 states the article, "were landscaped in a nafaval, casual manner to maintain an open feeling and to allow maximum views of the ocean." And again: "Dense planting that had grown up around the 61d house was cleared away to create new vistas of the lawns and the ocean." Removal of the dense planting, presumably, would also give a potential assassin a better view of the President. Yet the Secret Service solemnly insists that the grounds were laid out, at considerable expense to the taxpayers, who!- Comment By Jack Anderson Confidential sources- inside the Secret Service assure us that some of the landscaping, at least, was dictated by security precautions. When telephoto pictures of the presidential retreat were piMshed, for exampde, the alarmed Secret Service concluded that the photographer could have been carrying a long-distance rifle. Result: Solid screening was installed on one side of the hoftie. The Secret Service has also scattered the grounds with sound sensors, advanced models of those the Army implanted in the forests of Vietnam. \ ly to protect the President. IN MAY 1172. for example, the Kirkham Tree Service was paid $1,960 to "prune trees." The official excuse: "Eliminate safety hazard caused by dead branches." The fitm of Buc- oo&a & Carios was paid ^8,810 to "remove dry weeds to eliminate fire hazard." Another $750 went for "replanting fallen tree." Most incredible of all, the taxpayers forked over $1,800 to "relocate" a solitary tree. A government spokesman explained the tree was moved to give Secret Service agents a "dear line of sight 2$ne, so they could see what was going on." if Some are comouQaged to look lake sticks and stones, and they sensitive enough, in the are sensitive enough, in words of one source, "to hear a grasshopper burp." WE SOUGHT comment from Kalmbach who denied the tax money was used to pay for strictly personal improvements. ''Anything personal/' he said, we paid with the President's funds." Other sources confirmed that, of the $625,000 the President borrowed from aerosol king Robert Aptanalp to purchase the estate, $150,000 was spent for renovations. Most of this money was used to refurbish the interior, but the President paid for some outside improvements, including his own swimming pool. Roth the renovations and their financing were supervised in the White House by former chief of staff Bob Hafideman. Footnote: Despite a law that requires the federal government to buy American goods, much of the material that went into Nixon's gazabos and garden walls was imported. The nails in his boards and the founda* tion steel in his "perimeter wall" came from the Far East. To cap the perimeter wall, the General Services Adoiinistaation chose handmade Mexican adobe tiles to maintain the "architectural harmony." THE MEXICAN bricks were ordered through the Consolidated Supply Co. of San Juan Capistrano Beach, Calif. The company was instructed, however, to deliver the bricks in "domestic" trucks. "They didn't want any Mexican trucks pulling into the presidential compound," the owner of the company, Al Jimenez, told us. A GSA spokesman said the Buy American Act was waived "on the basis that the products we wanted were not otherwise avtailable in quantity or satisfactory quality." The agency, he admitted, did insist "that American transportation be used." (Copyright 1973, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) sufficient MAILBOX Letters to the Editor \ Need Playground Editor, Registered!: . Say—do you remembsr the place out here MI Henderson Street where Mommy and Daddy used to take you to, or, play the sandbox or ride the in train or the meny-go-round? How tickled you were and how exciting it was? Well, I guess! Crossword Puzzle Amwm it t*vtar halt ACROSS lGctoutof bed 5 It rues in the morning 8 Goddess of the dawn U Ann bone 12 Spanish cloak IS Ineater sign 14 Turkish title (pi.) 15 Iroquoian Indian 17 Was seized IS Opposite of ' sunrise 90 English playwright 23 Make lace 2S In that place 57 Before dawn color DOWN 1 Massage 2 Island (Fr.) 3 Curved ship's , timber 4 Sky where sun rises 5 Mentally sound 6 Alarm clock helps one get 7 Girl's name • Isaac's son (Bib.) MM | 1 Mks"rJ HML'JL'J •i M SalUL'.HM ••i-:n Hu ariDI ss SB*M rjui I.II \, 1 L"Ji :ii Si —J IS Pub drink 3* Label 20Take illegally 4QClumay 21 Scottish clan chief 22 Weird 24 Exist 26 Surfeit 27 Idolize • Organization* 2SAverag (ab.) 10 Let stand in water 26Knight's title 12Fuel 27 Conjunction 16 Powerful 30 Merit 31 Organized Settle 33 Cuckoo blackbird 34 Highly (Latin) 35 Additional 36 Southern general 37 Golf gadget 38 Shapes 39 Beverage 40 Take into custody 41 Fictional dog 44 Stupid person 46 Dawn 48 Writing fluids *2 Possess 53 Makes mistakes 54 Christmas song 55 Mariner's direction 56 Onager insecticide (ah) 20 Was clad (var.) 31 Things that glisten S4 Took food 35Partofaday 36 To and boats 41 Tumults 42 Carpenter's tools 43 English river « Rowing i m pitman ta 47 Pacific turmeric 49 Negative conjunctioai 50 New goalajri SlCrefS 4 You sure do! I don't believe there is anything on earth more heartwarming than to watch the little tot's dances o( joy and the clapping of the little hands and the wide- eyed look of enjoyment and expectation as when Mommy and Daddy say "How'd you like to go to the playground or play- land?" Then to follow along and just watch. It was the dream of thousands of tots. Look today what's become of the iron work that made up the equipment that gave &> many thousands of little ones so much pure enjoyment. Well—just take a ride down 41 to county road 10 and turn left* If your heart doesn't bleed some yer not much human. Yep, that sorry lookin' mess was once your happiness, your dream! Now it just does seem to this person that some one of these grandpappys, these good satmari* tans around town owning just a little parcel of ground around town wouW show some of their real feelings for even their own t grand or greatrgrandkids and just give that little parcel for a new playland with sandboxes and rides and cotton candy. It doesn't seem conceivable that the almighty dollar could take the place watching a • t e little one dance with so much joy and then turn up a fcttie face that is the perfect picture of pure excitement Not even millions of dollars oould ever replace or shadow that This word "concern" has any number of meanings but you know that not one of them pertains to the little ones who will r T soon also be dressing in shop L (Continued on page 17) r EDITOR'S NOTE: The Galesburg Register-Mail welcomes tempered, constructive expressions of opinion from its subscribers on current topics of interest, in the form of a letter to the editor. The Register- Mail, however, assumes no respon* sibiuty for opinions therein expressed. Because of space limitations, letters should not exceed 200 words in length. They will be subject to condensation. The Register- Mail would prefer letters typed and double-spaced. Letters must include the writer's signature and address. Defamatory material will be rejected, *No letters can be returned. Qalesburg fegtefer-Mail Office HO South Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 343-7181 Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Daily except Sundays and Holidays ether than Washington's pirthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day. ^^^^^ Ethel Custer Pritchtrd, publisher: Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johngon r assistant to the editor; James O'Connor, assistant managing editor. 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