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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 33 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blvthevilte Herald BLYTHEVIL'LE, ARKANSAS. THURSDAY, APRIL 29, 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTi Army Head Once More On Stand Feared Move On 'Risks' Was Going too Fast WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of the Army Stevens testified today he was apprehensive the Ft. Monmouth, N. J., commander was moving too fast against alleged security risks last October. He said it was ''entirely possible" the commander, Maj. Gen. Kirke G. Lawton, had been asked to withdraw some suspensions. Stevens had been confronted at the McCarthy-Army hearings with a statement by Lawton that Army Counselor John G. Adams telephoned him early in November urging him to "dismiss certain security cases" at the Army radar research center. In a dramatic development. Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel to the Senate Investigations subcommittee, produced the memorandum, "not two hours old," saying Lawton had dicated it in Jenkins' presence. "Vital" Memo The memo was handwritten in ink. Jenkins said Capt. Joseph E. Corr Jr.. aide to Lawton, had taken down the general's statement. Jenkins termed the memo of vital importance to the contention by Sen. McCarthy—denied by Stevens—that Stevens sought to stop the senator's investigation of alleged subversive activities at Mon- tnouth. The special counsel conducted such a hammering cross-examinar tion of Stevens that Joseph N. Welch, special counsel to the secretary, protested Jenkins was going at it as if it were a "murder trial." Stet'ens swore that he had no recollection of the purported telephone conversation between Adams and Lawton. '•"Conceivable" " 'But Stevens said it could be "entirely possible"—that it was "conceivable"—he had told •Adams.- he had better call Gen. Lawton. Stevens said he did recall that last Oct. 31 he had talked to Gen. George L Back, chief signal off- cier, and told him he wanted the Army's commanding generals .to exercise "careful and good judgment" in carrying out the government's program to weed out security risks. 'The secretary said he told Back he did not want the removal of employes at Ft. Monmouth to be See MCCARTHY on Page 3 Molotov Backs Red China Plan; Ike Renews Indochina Stand DOGS 'SHOT" HERE — David Henson (left), of 200 West Vine peers into the room where dogs received rabies inoculations at Fire Station No. 2 yesterday afternoon while his companion, "Pup," waited in the wagon. David was one of 40 persons who brought their dogs to the inoculation clinic sponsored by the Blytheville Junior Cham- ber of Commerce in cooperation with city officials and local veterinarians in an effort to have all the dogs in'the city inoculated against rabies. In the picture at right!' Dr. David M. Miles, veterinarian, inoculates "Snowball" while the dog is held by his master. Edwin Barger of Bllytheville. (Courier News Photo) Only One County Race Mississippi County voters will have only one county contest to decide in this summers Democratic primary balloting and Chickasawba Township electors will settle a two-way race for constable, according to candidacies filed before the noon deadline yesterday. In a countywide contest, State Rep. E. C. (Gene) Fleeman of Manila will be opposed by H. H. (Buddy) Howard of Leachville. On the township level. Arch Lindsey, a veteran constable of Chickasawba Township (Blytheville), Will be opposed by Bert Ross, former Blytheville policeman. Since there are only two men in each of these races, these contests will not be decided until the runoff primary Aug. 10. Only races involving three or more candidates will appear 09 the ballot in the preferential primary July 27. If one man in such a race receives a majority vote, he is practically assured of election in staunchly-Democratic Arkansas. If no majority is received, the two candidates with the largest number of votes compete in the run-off primary. On the district level, there will be two races Mississippi County voters will help decide. For chancellor of the First Division of the 12th Chancery District, James E. Hyatt of Osceola is opposed by Lee Ward of Paragould and J. G. Waskom of Paragould. The winner will succeed Judge William Carroll of Jonesboro who is cdmplet- ing the term vacated by Gov. Francis Cherry. 3 Run for Prosecutor Ralph Wilson of Osceola has three opponents in his race for prosecuting attorney of the Second Judicial District. They are Terry Shall and Frank Snellgrove. both of Jones- See ELECTION on Page 3 40 Dogs Get More than 40 people took advantage of the clinic held for rabies inoculation of dogs yesterday and it if, believed even more will take their dogs to be vaccinated | month _a$o.^ he recalled. at the clinics today and tomor- " u ~ TT ---- J •-'-- 1J U.S. Not Going To War Unless Congress Acts By MARVIN" L. ARROWSM1TH WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower declared anew today that the United States is not going to get into any war in Indochina unless Congress declares it. However, the President told a news conference that a proposal in Congress to forbid the sending of American troops to Indochina, or any other place in the world wjthous prior congressional approval, could not, fail to damage is flexibility In handling the situation. The President was asked for his evaluation of the possibility of American combat forces having to be sent to Indochina, He replied that he already has ex- pres?ed his views on that matter rather emphatically. Limited by Law At a news conference about a row. Dr. N. G. Jerome and Dr. David M. Miles, veterinarians, alternated in shifts yesterday to be present at the clinic for the administering of the innoculations. The clinic, sponsored by the the United tales would not get into a war except through constitutional processes. And that means. Eisenhower said, only through a declaration of war by Congress. He said this country has provided technical assistance, money. Junior Chamber of Commerce \ and equipment to bolster the fight with cooperation of the city officials and the veterinarians, are scheduled to continue today at the Jaycee Clu& room from 1 to 4 p.m. and tomorrow at the Lake Street Methodist Church at the same time. Forty persons bought city tags for their, dogs at the clinic yesterday-held at Fire Station No. 2. but more than that number had their dogs vaccinated. Some people who lived outside the city See CLINIC on Page 3 Plans for Metal Plant Received Specifications Due to Arrive Today or Tomorrow Plans for Central States Metal Company's proposed Blytheville plant were in Chamber of Commerce offices today as the Chamber's finance committee pushed its $150,•000 drive toward a close. Seven contractors already have picked up plans. Specifications are expected momentarily. Contracts letting date has been set as May 1C— but all plans are contingent on the progress of the financial campaign. This morning, the fund stood at $125.430. Financial Chairma-n Russell Phillips was high in his praise of various workers of the campaign and cited the $1,000 committment of the local carpenters union as being one which "is especially gratifying." Plans for the building show that it will measure 340 feet north and south, and 150 feet east and west. It will be located on the southern 9.33 acres of the Chamber's 26-acre industrial site on Elm Street and will face on the newly opened portion of Mathis. Resting on raeinforced concrete floor, it will have walls of concrete block which will be set agains't a steel framework. Plans for the building may be seen in the Chamber's office Part of the specifications are due today or tomorrow and the remainder are to be shipped late this week or early next. Statistics Show Unemployment Here Below the National Level against communism in Indochina. Thar is as much as the present Foreign Assistance Law permits, he added. So far as speculation on the 'future L? concerned, the President said, he didn't want to do too much talkinc at this time. He notpd the Geneva conference dealing with Indochina now is in session and said it would be inappropriate for him to speculate under those circumstances. Other Statement On other matters the President had this to say: The congressionl campaign — Eisenhower reiterated that he has no intention of engaging in state and local contests, but he said he does intend to get around the country to talk about his administration's program. He predicted the overriding issue of the campaign will be whether the administration has made a record of accomplish- By GEORGE ANDERSON (Courier News Staff Writer) The unemployment situation in the Blytheville area during the first quarter of mem, or—as he put it—has diiiy- 1954, while showing" definite signs of being a greater problem than it was last year, does dallied along the way. not appear so severe as the general nationwide picture. This is indicated in statistics, placements during April have shown from the Blytheville office of the I some improvement. Though figures Arkansas Employment Security Agency. During the first three months of 1954 non-agricultural job place- on this month were incomplete, Mr. Cleveland said job placements may equal April of last year. One of the best indications that nients by the employment office tne Blytheville area has not been here were down 27 per cent com- j m 't so hard by unemployment as pared to corresponding months of j other parts of the country is a, 1953. There were 467 persons placed j comparison of claims for Arkansas in jobs during that period this year j unemployment compensation made compared to 623 last year—a de- ^ere with out-of-state claims, crease of 156. Though both these types of claims Agricultural job placements also i for which statistics are available showed a decline'though the drop | are ma de through the employment Toastmasters Club to Study Sewer hsue was less marked in this field. In January, February and March this year 256 persons were placed on farms in this area by the employment office. This is only 18 less than the 274 placed last year. It is interesting to note that last year the number of persons sent to farms by the office decreased each office here, there is a difference between them which makes it possible to arrive at a comparative picture of this area and other states. Arkansas claims are those made by persons who have lost jobs in Arkansas, while out-of-state claims are those made by persons who have left Arkansas for employment month from January to March (for j in some other state but who X-Roy Clinic Scheduled Here A mobile .chest-X-ray clinic has been scheduled for Blytheville for June 24, 25, ,28, 29 and 30, Mrs. Frances Gammill, of the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association announced today. It is to be located in front of the J. C. Penny Co., on Main and Mrs. Charles Czeschin will be general chairman. X-rays will be read for tumor, bronchitis, lung cancer and heart disorders in addition to tuberculosis. Due to a reduction in funds, Mrs. bile X-ray unit is operating in Arkansas. Three formerly were in that period, the breakdown by months was January, 123; February, 104; March. 47), whereas this year February had by far the largest number of farm placements with 154. There were only 39 during January and 63 in March. THE GROWTH of unemployment throughout last year following the end of fighting in Korea was also felt in the Blytheville area. Nonagricultural job placements here in 1953 totaled 3,416. a 13 per cent decrease over the 1952 figure of 3,936. •Despite the generally steady increase in unemployment'during the past several months, many of the nation's top economists are predicting that this trend will be reversed in the coming months. However Labor Department statistics for the week ending April 10 showed an increase in unemployment over the previous week of more than 30,000. The department figures list nationwide unemployment among insured Workers at 2,150,500 as of April '10. For the preceding week the figure was 2,147,200. The outlook for the Blytheville area, in the opinion of J. M. Cleveland, manager of the state employment office here, is farly good. Employment conditions here should improve during the remainder of the year, Mr. Cleveland believes. There is no reason to think that this year won't be as good as last, though, as always, much depends on the farm sitiation, he said. Farm labor may be greater than last year with a good crop year, he said. ONE INDICATION that Blyth*ville may be facing a little brighter employment picture it that Job here to file for unemployment compensation. These claims are sent The Oppenheimer case—The President said he always has had the greatest admiration for Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer from the standpoint of his professional and scientific accomplishments, but that he did not want to say too much about, his case while it is under investigation. Oppenheimer has been suspended as an adviser to the Atomic Energy Commission and barred Blytheville's Toastmasters Club from access to atomic data pend- will turn its attention toward the ing a hearing on whether he might city's May 18 sewer election when j be a security risk, the club holds an open meeting in j Farm pr0 gram—Eisenhower de- the offices of the Chamber oi Commerce at 7 p.m. It is possible that the club could HEART SPECIALIST CHECKS CHILD —- Dr. F. B. Mitchell of Memphis, examines 8-month-old Russell Lipford for heart, trouble, while his mother, Mrs. Paul Lipford of 118 West Rose, center, looks on. Aiding the doctor is nurse, Mrs. Margie Mickey. Mrs. Lipford said that she was happy to learn that Russell's enlarged heart was not as bad as they first thought it was. The clinic sponsored by the Mississippi County Heart Association was held at the Chickasawba Hospital with four heart specialists .conducting the examinations In cooperation with local doctors. The specialists were, Dr. Bob Henry, Dr. Harold Strauss and Dr. J. W. Taylor, all of Little Rock, and Dr. Mitchell. Clinic officials reported the response to the clinic was good among adults as,well as children. (Courier News Photo) French Warplanes Hammer Vietminh HANOI, Indochina (AP) — French warplanes swooped down through cloudy skies today to hammer at Vietminh troop concentrations, ammunition dumps and supply routes from Red China leading to besieged Dien Bien Phu. The French high command re- over the fortress, braving Vietminh ported no important land fighting ' *Asia-for-Asians Declaration Gets Soviet Support By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA (AP) — Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov told the Geneva conference today he agrees entirely with the Asia-for-Asians declaration of Chinese Communist Foreign Minister Chou En-lai. Molotov, in his first policy speech before the 19-nation conference, said a peaceful solution of the Korean problem can be found if the delegates proceed "from the principle that the peoples of Asia have the full .right to settle their affairs themselves." "Other states, the participants of the Geneva conference," he said, "are called upon to assist the Asian peoples in this respect by their friendly efforts." Followed Casey Molotov spoke after Australian Foreign Minister Richard G. Casey told the conference some United Nations troops may have to remain in Korea until the divided peninsula is unified under a democratic government. Many diplomats here are convinced this may never happen—at least not in the near future. The Soviet foreign minister began by noting the oresence of Bed China at the meeting and said particular emphasis should be laid "on the fact that the great power of Asia—the People's Republic of China—will be able to contribute to the work of our conference." On the whole the speech was mild and notable for the absence of personal attacks on Western political figures, but Molotov did assail the United States for what he called its "aggressive course." Aggressive Course Charged "As far as the United States of America is concerned." he said, "the government of the country is openly pursuing an aggressive course in regard to the Chinese people's republic, This aggressive course of the U. S. A. at the same time is atfecting the whole situa- around the threatened northwest Indochina fortress. French Union defenders continued violent artillery duels with the Communist-led j ! rebels pounding away at the heart i of the Dien Bien Phu plain. Transport planes roared in low Missco Polio Chapter Given Financial Aid continue mandatory take part in the educations: P nase j price supports at 90 clined to speculate on whether he might veto a farm bill which would government per cent of of the campaign for better sewers as an upshot of tonight's session. Toastmaster President Ernest McKenzie said today that he expects parity on basic commodities. The administration wants to abandon rigid price supports at the end of this year in favor of a flexible the group to give serious considera-j program which would permit sup- tion to making speaking encage- , ports ^ De fi xe d according to weth- ments in assisting the dis^emina- er ^ was Desired to encourage or tion of information on the sewers. "The public is invited to this directly to the state in which the ; meeting both to hear of the person was last employed. * * * A COMPARISON of initial claims filed in the employment office here for the periods of Sept., 1952-March, 1953 and Sept., 1953-March, 1954, show that during the latter period See UNEMPLOYMENT on Page 3 sewer plan which we'll be voting on and to see how the Toasrmasters Club • operates," Mr. McKenzie stated. Toastmaster Worth Holder, Chamber of Commerce manager, is to be the principal speaker on the sewer topic. discourage production. State Solon Acquitted BENTON, Ark. (ft — Saline County Rep. J. A. Gipson yesterday was acquitted of a charge that he procured a false statement in a $17,000 county fund shortage. antiaircraft fire to dump more tons of ammunition and other war supplies to the embattled fortress and its isolated southernmost strong- point, cut off from ground contact with the main defense area. Pressure Increased The Vietminh had stepped up pressure against that outpost— "Isa belle"—in scattered fighting around the fortress yesterday. French military sources believe the Vietminh soon will try to smash the isolated strongpoint and then move northward to tighten tlieir noose -around the main A check for $4,800 has been re- j area> three miles away. fortress ceived by Mississippi County Chapter of the March of Dimes for use in providing cate for polio patients here. A. S. (Todd) Harrison, chapter chairman, said today. The funds were made available by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis as part of a general to provide needy chapters with immediate emergency aid, he said. March of Dimes funds raised each January are shared with the national foundation, he explained. This year the national chapter add*>d an additional service which includes sending increased amount of gamma globuln and in studies of a trial vaccine for polio prevention. Under the national and local setup. Mr. Harrison said, if the Bly- The defenders continued to throw up additional fortifications inside the heart of the fortress, whose perimeter has narrowed to less than a mile in diameter. In Saigon, Prince Buu Loc, premier of the Indochine.se state of Viet Nam, came out flatly today against any dismemberment or partition of his war-stricken country, such as the Soviet Union and Red China have been reported ready to propose at the Far East conference in Geneva. This stand already has been expressed on several occasions by Viet Nam's chief of state. ex- Emperor Bao Dai, who is in France negotiating with the Paris government on his country's status. Buu theville chapter runs in the red.| Loc supported this'in a statement the national foundation wil pull us j issued j us t before he left Saigon to out." It is probable that Blytheville | j oin Bao Daj Jn p rance _ will require additional aid from the' national foundation, he said. Air Power: U.S. vs. Russia — New Estimates Show Conflict of Views By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON (AP) Two new estimates were before the American people today on how their air strength stacks up against Soviet Russia's: 1. Word from U. S. diplomatic sources that there has been a "rapid increase in Soviet air potential" through the conversion of much of Russia's 20,000-plane force to modern jet planes. 2. A statement by Rep. Scrivner (R-Kan), chairman of a House Appropriations subcommittee h a n- dling "Air Force funds, that the United States outnumbers Russia 3-2 in the air and that the Soviets have no long range bombers able to reach the United States and return to home bases. Background The views were given out at the time of these events in Washington and elsewhere: Congress' was considering the annual Air Force appropriation bill. Adm. Arthur Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, had just talked with President Eisenhower after a 'hurried trip to Europe and a visit with British Prime Minister Churchill. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was reassessing its own and Soviet strength in the air, on the ground and at sea. The diplomatic officials, who may not be named, yesterday made available an over-all summa r y of Communist, military strength — six million men under arms in Russia, Eastern Germany and the satellite countries. They figured that 4'i million of the six million are in ground forces; that 22 divisions are in Germany, constituting "a readymade spearhead" for a rapid advance into Europe; that the bulk of the 22 divisions fli'f armored outfit* with nearly a complete com- plement of tanks and self-propelled guns. Backing up the 22 divisions are another 60 Soviet divisions based in Western Russia and Eastern satellite nations. And the satellites themselves have about 80 divisions, twice the strength of 1947. Communist air strength was calculated this way by the diplomatic officials: New types of medium and heavy bombers, including jet models, have been observed. These presumably would include at least two new designs of long-range planes, one four-engined, another s i x- engined, powered with propellers driven by jet engines. The six-engine bomber obviously is intended to counter the U. S. Air Force B36. Bombers Doubled Since 1951 the number of medium bombers, called by the Russians TU4 and closely resembling appMranct and capability of the American B29 or B50, has doubled. Almost all Soviet fighter planes now are jets; in 1951 only 20 per cent were of these modern types. In 1951 the Red air force fleet of light bombers had no jet-powered planes. Now more than two thirds of the light bombers are jets. The diplomats said the Soviet air force remains at a steady overall strength of about 20,000 planes but that it is the thorough-going modernization, that is increasing the potential so fast. Scrivner also used the 20,000 plane figure saying it was an estimate given by Gen. J. Lawton Collins, United States representative on the Military Committee of NATO. Collins also has said that there are available to the command of NATO forces about 2,000 planes ready for immediate fighting and that on the ground there are available about 100 divisions. Reforms Planned The Premier took along- a brief- tion in Asia. "It is common knowledge that the Chinese people's republic has committed no aggressive acts against the United States of America. The position is quite different when we speak about the United States policy in regard to the Chinese people's republic." Outside the conference hall, a French source reported talks between Russia and France for a truce at Dien Bien Phu to permit evacuation of French Union wounded have virtually collapsed. Heated Words Informants said Molotov and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault exchanged heated words at a dinner last night, with the Soviet diplomat expressing surprise that Bidault had injected the truce question into a discussion of what parties should participate in settlement 6f the Indochinese question. Bidault replied that he was just as surprised that the Russians had violated confidences by disclosing his request without notifying the French beforehand. Molotov said he did so to counteract what he called tendentious articles in the world press. The Russians repealed that a truce should be arranged here; the French said it should be done by field commanders in Indochina: neither side xvould budge and there the matter rests, with no further meetings on schedule. Stocks Hit High Mark election reforms havs been pro- other big posed for Saigon and cities in Viet Nam. All these proposed laws and decrees now must be approved by Bao Dai. •NEW YORK !.•?) — The Stock Market raced ahead today to the highest levels in 24 years. Leading issues rapidly gained SI case full of proposed government to more than $2 a share, and rising reforms he hopes Bao Dai will ap- prices were found in all areas of prove as a move to increase pop- the market, ular support for the tottering government. Primary among these was the text of a projected decree establishing a provisional national assembly. The government has been taking other steps in recent weeks to strengthen the military and political structure of Viet Nam. These include the creation of a war cabinet, orders for the mobilization of all men between 21 and 25 and the setting up of courts- martial to try deserters and draft dodgers. The regular government Cabinet, meanwhile, has been taking steps toward a more representative administration. It has passed laws reforming municipal and village governments with the declared intention of permitting peasants to take part in the country's affairs through direct suffrage. Similar ARKANSAS—Considerable cloudiness through Friday, scattered thundershowers this afternoon and tonight; Friday partly cloudy and cooler, scattered thundershowers and local thunderstorms east and south. MISSOURI — Mostly cloudy this afternoon; little warmer except turning cooler late afternoon northwest; showers or light rain beginning west; considerable cloudinesi tonight and Friday. Maximum yesterday—80. Minimum this morning—40. Sunset today—6:43. Sunrise tomorrow—5:11. Mean temperature (midway between high and low—70. . Precipitation last 24 hou« 10 7:00 a.m. today—.69. .... Precipitation Jan. 1 to date— 17.11 Thit Date L**t Year Maximum yesterday—-A3. Minimum this morning—M. Precipitation January 1 to 21.8ft.