Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 24, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Tuesday, July 24, 1973
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M Communltiei Galesburg Register- WAfM r tttttnid Tonight Low 70 Parity Sunny Wednesday High 85-90 .4 Better ttmtpnpet VOLUME LXXXII — 173 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Criticizes Dean WASHINGTON (UPI) - For* mer presidential aide John D. Ehrlichman testified today that President Nixon —rather than instructing his associates to cover up the Watergate — sought but failed "to obtain and publish a full, factual account" of Wie bugging incident. Ehriictoan, a Seattle lawyer who served as (assistant to the President and his top adviser on domestic issues until April 30, defended Nixon in a 30-page statement he read in a confident voice to the Senate Watergate Committee. He said Nixon had been maligned by some previous witnesses T - notably former, presidential counsel John W; Dean III—and portrayed unfair­ ly as ''paranoid, weird, (and) psychotic on the subject of demonstrators or hypersensitive to criticism." Hear the Truth Deeply suntanned, Ehrlich- mrin started out by looking at the committee directly and saying it would heat- the truth from one in a position to know it. - Ehrliehman's statement conformed in thrust to Nixon's most detailed Watergate account, a 4,000-word statement of May 22. ' In that paper, Nixon said he learned only last spring that "through whatever complex of individual motives and possible misunderstandings, there were apparently wide-ranging efforts to limit the investigation or to conceal the possible involvement of members of the administration and the campaign committee" in Watergate. Ehrlichman, in his statement, promised he would answer questions about many issues including "the President's continued effort to obtain and publish a full, factual account of Watergate in its) several aspects and why he never got it." Hints at Answers But the statement itself did not spell out why. It hinted that Dean was (given the assignment and, because of his own Watergate involvement, concealed the truth from a Takes Oath Sen. Sam Ervin, DN. C,. foreground, administers the oath to John Ehrlichman, a former top aide to President Nixon. In a prepared^ statement, he. criticized former White House aide John Dean, and defended Nixon's conduct of the presidency. UNIFAX Pentagon Discloses U.S. Spy Missions Where to Find It Abingdon Amusement Bushnell ..... Classified Ads Comics-Radio Editorial Galva ... Hospital Notes io :20-21-22-23 .___„_ 16 4 i „2i.#vi0" 11 24 PAGES Knoxyille —.._ Markets Monmouth- ..... Obituary; .^. Sports Weather ........... Women in the News .. 19 18 .. 17 11 .14-15 .. 2 8-9 WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Pentagon disclosed today that 81 U.S. servicemen had died in Laos and CJambodia on secret intelligence missions since 1965 and it said their deaths were falsely reported (to their families and to Congress as having occurred in South Vietnam. . Defense Department spokesman Jerry W. Friedheim said the false reports were discovered Monday in a review of Vietnam War statistics provided to Congress following last week's disclosure that the Senate had been misled on a 14- month secret bombing campaign in Cambodia. 3,630 Bomb Raids The report had listed 3,630 B52 bombing raids actually conducted in Cambodia in 1969 and 1970 as having been carried out in South Vietnam. Friedheim said Congress had been informed Tuesday about the false account of the deaths. Since the fall of 1965, Friedheim said, 55 U.S. servicemen have died' conducting "covert military reconnaissance activities" in Laos. He said since 1967, an additional 26 spies have been lulled on secret missions in Cambodia. Their families were told "the deaths occurred on classified missions along the border of South Vietnam," Friedheim said, and the report to Congress listed aM 81 deaths among U .S. battle casualties in South Vietnam. Deaths Secret i Friedheim said the agents were operating on missions so highly classified that even their places of death had to be kept secret. President too occupied with more vital matters to worry much about either his election campaign or the Watergate break-in. "John Dean said one thing in his testimony false!* than all the otlwr falsehoods! therein, when he said (the Watergate) 'was probably the major thing that was occurring, at this point in time,'" he laid: Ehrlichtnan insisted that its importance, at' that time has been exaggerated by the concentrated attention it has received since.. Ehrlichman said he and his associates operated "on the assumption" that Dean "was giving us complete and accurate information.* "It would be impossible for the President, or any one person in his behalf, to keep informed of everything being done by the staff, even in areas of major current interest or concern," Ehrlichman said, suggesting Dean misled the top echelon of the White House on Watergate. He said his own Watergate concerns were limited despite what Dean said. "Dean testified that keeping Watergate covered lip was a tremendous drain of my time and told of all the conferences and meetings I was having with him about it," he said. "Let's be clear: I did not cover up anything to do with Watergate. Nor, were Mr. Dean and I keeping steady company during all those weeks."' ., oena Sets Stage rontation WASHINGTON (UPI) Richard Nixon became the first President in 166 years to be served a subpoena when he refused (to surrender tapes and documents related to the Watergate affair. The constitutional confrontation resulting almost certainly will end up in the U.S. Supreme Court. Nixon formally refused to provide the recordings and documents Monday to the Senate Watergate Committee and special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox. He said he was withholding the material to protect the independence of the presidency and because its release would not settle the "central issues" in the Watergate probe. Refuse to-Comply The committee and the prosecutor immediately served Nixon with subpoenas seeking to gain possession of the material, But White House aides made it clear Nixon would refuse to comply with the subpoenas, opening the way for court tests. It was the first time a subpoena had been addressed to a President since Thomas Jefferson received one in 1807. Jefferson was asked to furnish documents in connection with the treason trial of Aaron Burr, and he did so. Cox said Nixon's stand was "without legal foundation." Sen. Sam J. Ervin Jr., D- N.C., chairman of the Senate investigating committee, strongly denounced Nixon's action. Ervin said he deeply regretted Nixon's stand because he believed "the Watergate tragedy is the greatest tragedy that this country has ever suffered." , Crucial Question Ervin said he had hoped the tapes would "shed some light on that crucial question: How did it happen that burglars were caught in the headquarters of the opposition party with President's campaign funds in their pockets and their hotel bedrooms ..." > "And I don't think the people of the United States are interested so much in the abstruse arguments about the separation of powers ,or executive privilege as they are in finding the answer to that question," Ervin said. Ervin, who is considered the Senate's chief authority on the Constitution, said he believed the doctrine of separation of powers could not be applied to "alleged illegal activities or political campaign activities." Nixon said in a separate letter that he had decided a meeting with Ervin agreed to earlier would serve "no useful purpose." "At long last I've got something I agree with the President on in connection with this matter," Ervin said. "If the President doesn't think that any useful purpose can be obtained by our meeting together, I will not dissent from that view. So I wont ask for the privilege of visiting the White House." Sen. Howard H. Baker Jr., the committee's Republican vice chairman, said he agreed to the issuing of the subpoena because he felt, the material was "essential" to the investigation. He said he was unhappy it was "necessary for us to come to the brink of a constitutional confrontation." Nixon's attorneys must answer the subpoenas in U.S, District Court in Washington at 10 a.m. Thursday. It was expected the issue eventually would go to the Supreme Court. The court is in recess until Oct. 1, but the chief justice may convene the court for a special term on extraordinary issues. Nixon was conferring with a group of New England lawmakers in his oval office when the subpoenas were served and accepted by his attorneys in the executive office building next door to the White House. Sen. John O. Pastore, D-R.I., described the President as "drawn but spunky." Nixon was released from the hospital Friday after being treated for viral pneumonia. The Senate committee voted unanimously to issue the subpoenas. Rufus E. Edmisten, an aide to Ervin who handed the subpoenas to White House counsel Leonard Garment, told reporters that "we had a nice friendly chat. The papers are in their hands now and the committee will be waiting." Cox sought eight specified sections of the tape recordings. News of their existence electrified the Watergate hearings last week when FAA Administrator Alexander Butter field, a former presidential aide, testified that Njxon has automatically recorded conversations in his offices since the spring of 1971. The White House claims Nixon has now shut off the system because it has been "compromised" by disclosure. Grain Imports Dock workers sack imported grain from the United States and Common Market countries. The grain has been shipped into the port of Dakar, Senegal, to be distributed into drought-stricken West African countries. UNIFAX Schlesinger: Top Level Okayed Secret Bombing WASHINGTON (UPI) - Defense Secretary James R. Schlesinger said today the secret bombing raids over Cambodia in 1969 and 1970 "were authorized at the highest level." "There has been no usurpation of civilian authority," he said. "Military officials have meticulously followed the orders of civilian authorities." Schlesinger discussed the secret raids on Cambodia border sanctuaries with reporters after testifying at a Senate hearing that he has no present intention of asking President Nixon to seek congressional authority for continuation of the Cambodia bombing after the Aug. 15 deadline imposed by Congress. Schlesinger was called to testify before an appropriations subcommittee on a-controversy over 3,630 attacks by B52s on Communist sanctuaries in Cambodia on the South Vietnamese border for 14 months prior to May 1, 1970. He contended that some key members of Congress were informed about the raids at the time, but Schlesinger declined to identify them. Schlesinger defended this procedure of classification, contending it has been used in the past on such highly sensitive projects as development of- the atomic bomb and the invasion of North Africa in World War II. Mistake Made The mistake made, he said, was that incorrect "cover" information to hide the raids— and to make it appear that the bombs fell on South Vietnam- got into the Pentagon's data base, and this incorrect information was furnished to Congress this year in response to senators' inquiries. The reports to most members of Congress listed "zero" raids in Cambodia prior to 1970. Schlesinger decried news commentaries comparing the cover-up of the Cambodia raids to the attempted cover-up of the Watergate scandal. "This was entirely different from Watergate," he said. "There was no attempt whatever to keep information from the top." Ozark Liner Crashes in St. Louis ST. LOUIS, Mo. (UPI) - An 0?ark Air Lines airliner, pounded by swirling winds and apparently struck by lightning, crashed in burning pieces Monday night. Thirty-six of the 44 persons aboard were killed. Related Stories op Page 3 The survivors .included the pilot, ctirpilot, and six passengers. Early today St. Louis County Hospital reported four of the survivors to bean critical conditjpn-, two.serious and two more satisfactory. A hospital spokesman said the discrepancy in the number of victims, earlier put at 38, came about because it had erroneously been believed that some disaster bags contained two victims when they only contained one. It was the first fatal crash in the 23-year history of Ozark. A thunderstorm which many residents thought was a tornado was raging over the St. Louis area when the plane came down between two homes two miles from Lambert Field and across the street from the University of Missouri at St. Louis. Chet Chickering, a former Air Force pilot who lives near the scene, said, "This huge bolt of lightning seemed to strike the plane while the plane was being buffeted by gusty winds. "It kind of nosed down, then disappeared from my view. I couldn't see any funnel cloud, but the plane was buffeted pretty badly." Witnesses said the plane came apart and burst into flames upon impact. But the deaths—largely in the back area of the Fairchild-Hiller 227 Turboprop—were not attributed to fire. Dr. D. A. Gardner, aviation medical examiner for the Federal Aviation Agency, said, "These people died from impact. The airplane stopped and they didn't... All the bodies were heavily contaminated with fuel, but there was no fire over the bodies." The plane sheared off trees as it came down in the storm. One of the trees smashed through the roof and into the kitchen of Mr. and Mrs. William McCollum. "We thought it was a tornado hitting the house and we went to the floor. Then we looked outside and saw the plane and the fire, so we took off running." Eye Witness Howard Porter came running from his home to the crash site —the first person to get there- entered the plane and began slicing safety belts with a knife. "One man was pinned in there real close to the fire and the fire was burning real close," he said. "The plane was busted out all over the place. People were pinned in it and they were hollering and screaming. Ozark Crash An Ozark airliner crashed during a heavy thunderstorm last night in St. Louis into a residential area. The high-winged, two engine F-H 227 turboprop, Flight 809 was bound for Lambert Airport from Marion, HI. Police and officials search for more bodies. UNIFAX /

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