Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 23, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Monday, July 23, 1973
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Home Piper at n CommunlUw ister-Mail Warm, Hurtiid Tonight Thunderstorms Twsday HighdO's A Better Plempaper VOLUME LXXXl I — 172 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — MONDAY, JULY 23, 1973 PRICE TIN CENTS JNixon Will Keiuse lo Give Tapes to Watergate Panel WASHINGTON (UP1)- President Nixotl told both the Senate Watergate Committee and special Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox today that he would not furnish to them tapes of his White House conversation about the scandal. In a letter to Sen. Sam J. Ervin, chairman of the Senate select committee; Nixon said he had personally listened to a number of the tape recordings and said they are "entirely consistent with what I know to be the truth and what I have stated to be the truth." Central Questions Nixon said that if the tapes would settle the "central questions at issue in the Watergate inquiries," then their disclosure might serve a substantial public interest. However, he said that the .tapes contained many comments that "persons with different perspectives and motivations would inevitably interpret in different ways." "Accordingly, the tapes, which have been under my sole personal control, will remain so," he said. "None has been transcribed or made public and none will be." Ervin had asked for the tapes after a former White House aide testified a week ago today that tapings were made on most of Nixon's conversations in his Oval Office and in another office he uses in the Executive Office Building. The witness, Alexander Butterfield, also said that Nixon's conversations on four telephones were also automatically recorded since the spring of 1971. Cox made a separate request to Nixon for access . to the recordings. Cox 's request was turned down in a letter by Charles Alan Wright, an assistant in the office of the Presidnet's legal counsel which is handling the Watergate matter for Nixon. Nixon's letter to Ervin did not mention the senator's request for a private meeting with Nixon to discuss informal ways for the committee might be given access to the recordings. The Watergate Committee believes the tapes would clear up the central question of Nixon's personal involvement in the Watergate break-in and subsequent cover-up. Nixon, was said to be aware that his decision would escalate the current conflict with Congress and leave him open to criticism that he was trying to hide his own complicity in the case. But his aides described him as cngry at the Senate committee's conduct of the investigation. He was said to feel that the Ervin committee had overstepped the boundary of legitimate legislative inquiry and was launching ta political challenge to him personally. Deeply Concerned Nixon was reported deeply concerned that the Watergate scandal had eroded public confidence in his leadership. This appeared to be confirmed by a Gallup Poll released Sunday which showed the percentage of persons who feel Nixon is doing a good job dropped from 45 per cent to 40 per cent during the past month. Nixon returned to Washington Sunday night from Camp David where he was recuperating from viral pneumonia. His doctors examined him Saturday and'Sunday and said he showed no signs of fatigue. Diaper Derby Celebrating his second place victory in the toddler division, 1%-year-old Benjamin Brooke, Portland, Maine, plays with one of his Dad's cigars. He took part in the first diaper derby event at the 8th annual Yarmouth, Maine, Clam Festival. Ben is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Mark Brooke. UNIFAX Strachan Says Haldeman Ordered Memo Destroyed Where To Find It 2 SECTIONS I 28 PAGES ; v ? Abingdon — «—-V' Amusement ..-ii.i-i.-i2V' -1; Bidldlng r ;ili---^--.r.. 21 Busbnell *; ii^^jj^m^ II Classified Ads .:24-254f>27 Comics-Radio ——— 20 Editorial .....- 4 Galva ~--—10 Hospital Notes — 15 Knoxville —~ 12 Markets — .22 Monmouth 14 Obituary — 15 Sports —.18-19 Weather 2 Women in the News -8-9 •Reiita Yenta' Business Busy Calif: (UPI) - pro$laime.d "busy- iey^^ihere ^l ^ve^eert' • in iness ?^n^ iMarch - solving blemsfor ; .|heir subscribers, j^^'fe^'of '$25/ia/.year, Lila iattd|Tbby Brown, two young nftthers who use the nam 4, Benta Yenta^will do things such as: - - —Send a bouquet of flowers and a pillow to a man's wife who had been horseback riding the day before. —Provide a balloon for groom and his bride to fly away from their wedding on Renta Yenta derives its name from the Yiddish word yenta, which is used to denote a woman who, according to Mrs. Greene, knows every thing about everything. are For Saturday Morning Liftoff CAPE KENNEDY (UPI) The Skylab 2 astronauts undergo their last major physical examination today to be sure they are ready for Saturday's launch and; a 59-day visit to the space station. The crew has been in semiquarantine for several weeks to avoid getting sick. Alan LI Bean, Owen K. Garriott and Jack R. Lousma will have only limited contact with their wives and NASA employes the last few days before their 7:10 a. m. EDT liftoff. The backup crew of Vance D. Brand, William B. Lenoir and Bruce McCandless will have their major physicals Tuesday justin case one of them has to fill in for the prime crew pilots at the. last minute. Bean's crew spent a relaxed Sunday, involved in only minor reviews before '. flight. Their workload this week is relatively light so they will not be tired before their duration record flight that will more than double the previous world mark of 28 days., The countdown for the launch, which was halted during the weekend, resumes for a few hours today,before another planned hold which lasts until Thursday. WASHINGTON (UPI) - Gordon C. Strachan, political aide to H.R. Haldeman in the White House, testified today that on Haldeman's orders he destroyed sensitive memoranda on intelligence gathering plans a short time after the June 17, 1972 break-in at Democratic headquarters. The straw-haired Strachan, telling his account under a grant of immunity from the Senate Watergate Committee, said he followed instructions and shredded a memo he had prepared for Haldeman. The memo reported plans developed by the Committee for the Re- Election of the President (CRP) for "a sophisticated political intelligence gathering plan" against the Democrats. Strachan also said that John N. Mitchell met with Haldeman in the White House on April 4, 1972 —just a few days after a March 30 meeting at Key Biscayne, Fla. where G- Gordon Liddy's proposal to wiretap the Democrats was discussed. Mitchell, who was attorney general at the time, has testified he disapproved the plan at that meeting. But Jeb Stuart Magruder, running CRP at the time, testified the opposite—that Mitchell had given his explicit, although reluctant, approval. Meeting Canceled Haldeman, chief of staff at the White House until April 30, 1973 when he resigned with President Nixon's praise, is expected to testify before the committee late this week or next week. He has given sworn testimony in a deposition taken by the Democrats in their civil lawsuit denying that he was involved in the wiretapping or the subsequent effort to conceal the involvement of high Republican officials. The committee questioned j Strachan, 29, after canceling an executive session at which it was- to have discussed President Nixon's response to its request for access to tape recordings made in his office and on-his telephone. Chairman Sam J. Ervin, D- N.C., said the meeting was canceled because no letter had been received from Nixon. The President was expected to refuse to make the tapes available. The committee may subpoena them, touching, off, a legal struggle over whether a President must .yield to fp congressional subpoena. Drowned Out' Voices* Strachan served as Haldeman's liaison with the Nixon campaign committee. He testified that Haldeman, who was Nixon's closest lieutenant, personally ordered Liddy — convicted as the Watergate mastermind —to shift his ntelligence - gathering "capabilities" from Sen. Edmund S. Muskie, D-Maine, to Sen. George S. McGovern last spring. Strachan said that when Liddy came to his office to receive instructions, he turned on the radio —to drown out their voices so they could not be bugged. To his knowledge, Strachan said, he did not think his office was in fact bugged, but he had no way of being certain. Strachan — who pronounces Ws name "Strawn"—said he received a call from Magruder about March 31 last year after Magruder had met with Mitchell, then Nixon campaign manager. Plan Not Detailed Mr. Magruder told me that sophisticated intelligence- gathering system had been approved," Strachan said. "I reported that fact to Mr. Haldeman." He said the plan was not detailed by Magruder but carried a $300,000 budget. He said he included it in a "political matters memorandum" —No. 18 in a series of 28 —to Haldeman the same day along with 29 other items Magruder had told him had been approved at the meeting with Mitchell in Key~ Biscayne, Fla. "Did you receive any information or indication that Mr. Haldeman in fact read Political Matters Memo No. 18 —with specific reference to the intelligence plan?" asked Samuel Dash, the chief committee counsel. "Yes," ' Strachan replied. "It was Mr. Haldeman's practice when he read such a memo to make notes and check off paragraphs ... beside the paragraph you're concerned about, there was simply a black check." That paragraph, Strachan said in an opening statement Friday, read: "Magruder reports that 1701 (CRP offices at 1701 Pennsylvania Ave. in Washington) now has a sophisticated political intelligence gathering system with a budget of 300." Strachan Continues Testimony Gordon Strachan, right, who was staff assist- and to former White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman, continues his testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee At left is his attorney, John Bray. UNIFAX Campaign Reforms Drafted Memo Shredded that memo, Strachan later testified, was among numerous items dealing with intelligence that he shredded. Magruder, in his testimony to the committee a month ago, said Mitchell approved the intelligence plan—devised by Liddy and including electronic surveillance of Democratic headquarters at the Watergate —at the Key Biscayne meeting. Mitchell swore to the committee he rejected it for a third ime at that meeting. WASHINGTON (UPI) Stung by the scandal of the 1972 election, the Senate this week begins drafting campaign reforms, including a limit on contributions and a ceiling on candidates pending. The "bill, reported by the Senate Rules Committee, is already under fire. Senate liberals consider the ceiling on contributions by individuals too high and the amount a candidate can spend too generous. And, from the other side, objections to any ceilings are certain to arise. Ignored Proposal In moving ahead with the bill, the Senate has ignored—at least for the time being—a proposal by Persident Nixon to create a commission to review the entire spectrum of the political process. The committee bill provides a maximum contribution by an individual to $15,000 for a presidential candidate and $5,000 to a congressional candidate with an overall ceiling for a family of $100,000 in any one year. This is a stark contrast to the $2 million Clement Stone, a Chicago businessman, contributed to Nixon's re-election and the $5 million more he parceled out among other candidates. Sen. William Proxmire, D- Wis-., calls the limitations "ridiculousiy high" and will offer an amendment reducing the amount to $100, Sen. Gaylord Nelson, Proxmire's colleague from Wisconsin, plans to offer an amendment cutting individual contributions to $500 with a $2,500 overall limit to all candidaites by a family. The bill's limits on candidate spending woiild be 15 cents per eligible voter in the. primaries and 20 cents in the general election. The present 10 cent a vote limit on media spending would be eliminated. Nelson v/ould reduce that to 5 cents in the primaries and 10 cents in the general election. Sens. Adlai Stevenson, D-Ill., and Charles Mathias, R- Md., would leave the figures untouched for Senate and House races but reduced it to 15 cents per eligible voter in the presidential election. 707 Airliner Cartwheels Into Sea PAPEETE, Tahiti (UPI) - A Pan American Boeing 707 with 79 persons aboard cartwheeled into the sea a mile off this South Pacific Island today moments after the pilot reported a smashed windshield and said he would attempt an emergency landing. Aviation officials said 10 bodies had been recovered from the oil-stained water and that a Canadian tentatively identified as a "Mr. Campbell" was rescued olive. The officials said a stewardess pulled alive from the water died in a hospital and they doubted if there would be any other syrvivors. •urvival Chances Slim M As fop other survivors, anything is passible but as the hours pass the chances get smaller and smaller," a rescue worker reported. Rescue workers said an unidentified American tourist, whose wife boarded the plane ait Papeete, vanished during the rescue, attempts. They said he wis. in one of the boats going to help. When he saw his wife's body floating on the surface, he plunged into the water and had not been seen since. There was no immediate breakdown of nationalities of the 69 passengers. Because of the French nuclear explosion last Saturday, Pan American had taken on a number of Australian Qantas and Air New Zealand passengers because those airlines were boycotting this French possession. Local officials said 10 Frenchmen were aboard the plane. Fell From Sky The officials said the plane, flight PA 816, originated in Auckland, New Zealand, and was en route to Los Angeles and San Francisco when it plummeted hundreds of feet into the sea shortly after takeoff Airline officials said the pilot reported a smashed windshield and asked for an emergency landing. But witnesses said the plane made a 90-degree turn and then hit the South Pacific with a tremendous impact a mile off Papeete port. • "The crash happened at 10.15 p.m. Sunday Tahiti time (4:15 a.m. EDT today)," ah airport technician said. "I was in a house at a level above the airport. The plane took off apparently normally. Its lights were on so I could see it was a Panam plane. No Explosion "Suddenly it took a sharp turn to the left and started losing altitude fast. I got the impression almost as if a missile was launched from the plane. There was a loud bang but no explosion. Then nothing else —silence." Rescue officials said a fleet of official launches, yachts, pleasure boats and fishing vessels sped to the scene. "The rescuers worked by searchlights and recovered six bodies," an official said. "They also retrieved some seats, the flight book from the cockpit, part of the plane's undercarriage." Later they found four more bodies. French secretary of state to the Ministry of Armies, Aymar Achille-Fould, went to the crash scene with Tahiti Governor Pierre Angeli. "We picked up pieces of the fuselage, plane seats and the body of a drowned woman that we loaded on the launch that followed us," he said. Pan Am 707 Crash Site

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