The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 28, 1954 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, April 28, 1954
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WEDNESDAY, APRIL 28, 1954 BLYTflEVnXB_JART{.) COURIER NEWS PAGE SEVEN Testimony of 3 Resigned FHA Officials Sought Senate Proben Issue Summons in Housing Inquiry By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON (^-Investigating senators called today for testimony from three veteran Federal Housing Administration officials who quit or lost their jobs in the wake of revelations of multimillion-dollar abuses under certain of FHA's loan-insurance programs. Summoned by the Senate Banking Committee were Burton C. Bovard. suspended FHA general counsel; Howard M. Murphy, resigned associate counsel; and Walter Greene, who retired last week as deputy FHA commissioner. • Meanwhile, the Justice Department had before it a demand by Sen. Byrd (D-Va) that it start "immediate legal proceedings" against a fourth ousted FHA official- Clyde L. Powell, former assistant FHA commissioner for rental housing. Byrd made public yesterday a letter he sent to Atty. Gen. Brownell describing Powell as "the key official" allegedly involved in "overvaluations of properties . . . resulting in windfalls (to apartment builders) to the extent of 100 million dollars or more." The Virginia senator said that "it was Mr. Powell whose losses in gambling first attracted the attention of the FBI" and led to an investigation of FHA loan-guarantee activities. This was the first public iden- tificatibn of an FHA official whose reported gambling losses of up to 35,000 in a single night had been publicized, before. Powell invoked his constitutional privilege against self-incrimination last week in refusing to answer questions put to him by Banking Committee members. Powell's lawyer said the former FHA official would have no immediate comment on Byrd's letter. There was 'no reaction from the Justice Department. Powell resigned his FHA post earlier this year, before the scandal broke into the open. Housing chief Albert M. Cole, who has jurisdiction over FHA, later announced that acceptance of Powell's resignation had been sus- mently challenged. FHA said yesterday its files now list Powell as removed from the agency "with prejudice." Byrd's Senate-House Committee on Deduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures and the Banking Committee, as well as several executive agencies, have been probing (1) allegations that some apartment builders raked in huge profits by obtaining oversized FHA - backed construction loans and (2) charges that unethical salesmen "fleeced" unsuspecting householders by inducing them to get government-guaranteed home repair loans, than failing to deliver on promised work. The apartment building program was of post-World War H vintage and died in 1950. But the home repair program still is going on and complaints of abuses under it have been coming in up to the present. Byrd noted in his letter that Powell "is beyond the power of a congressional committee to compel him,to testify, and the Justice Department should take action Without delay." He called on the department to "bring to justice any who may be criminally liable" and to try to recover excessive profits. FARM (Continued from Page 1) 1950. Farms of 1,000 acres and over went up from 35 to 49. * . * * WHILE mechanization was forging ahead during the 1944-50 period, diversification was talc- ing somewhat of a beating. In the first place, farm operators, there being fewer of them with more acres per operator, tended to move from the farm. Practically all of these simply disappeared as far as this area is concerned. In 1945, 8,812 farm operators were residing on the farms where they worked. This number fell an Commodity And Stock Markets— Ntw York Cotton (Lt:M (uoUtioM) Open Hirh Low Close May 3453 3454 3447 3451 July 3435 3438 3432 343 Oct 3384 3388 3384 3387 Dec 3382 3385 3382 3385 Ntw Orleans Cotton v Open Htffh Low Close May 3445 3450 3439 3445 July 3437 3439 3432 3437 Oct 3386 3389 3385 3387 Dec 3383 3383 3383 3383 Chicago Soybeans 'May ... 412y 4 417% 406% 410 July ... 405 411% 403% 408 Sept ... 280 283% 279 280 Nov ... 257& 260 256% 256 y 4 Dol3 Chicago Wheat May« ... 205 y« 205% 202'A 203 July ... 203% 203% 201 y 4 201 y 4 Chicago Corn May ... 152 153 151% 153 July ... 152% 153y 8 152% 153 New York Stocks (It: 41 «a«UtioM| A T and T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper Beth Steel Chrysler Coca-Cola Gen Electric Gen Motors Montgomery Ward N Y Central Int Harvester Republic Steel ; Radio . Socony Vacuum Studebaker Standard of N J Texas Corp Sears U S Steel Sou Fac 165 1-2 62 34 5-8 62 58 120 1-2 118 5-8 68 1-8 . 59 1-2 21 1-8 30 3-4 . 51 1-2 27 3-8 43 3-4 14 7-8 86 1-8 69 1-4 62 5-8 45 3-8 41 1- Livestock NATIONAL STOCKYARDS, IE W— (TJSDA') — Hogs 8,500 ; trade dull, 25-40 lower; some late sales off more; sows 25 lower; 180-230 Ib 27.75-85; sizable number sales 27.90-28.00; few sales down to 27.6065; 240-260 Ib 27.00-65; 270-300 Jb 26.25-75; load 350 Ib 24.75; 150-170 Ib 27.25-75; sows 400 Ib down 23.7524.25; over 400 Ib 21.75-23.25. Cattle 3,500, calves 900; early sales steers and heifers fully steady to firm; bulls steady; veal- ers mostly 1.00 lower; early sales good and choice steers 20.00-24.00; good to choice heifers and mixed yearlings 19.00-22.00; few commercial to low good 17.00-19.00; utility and commercial cows 12.50-14.50; canner and cutter cows 9.00-12.50; utility and commercial bulls 13.5015.00; cutter bulls 12.00-13.00; good and choice vealers 18.00-22.00; few prime 24.00: commercial and low good vealers 13.00-17.00. even 2,000 during the five years until 1950. The fact that these" 2,000 farm operators and their families were lost by the county is reflected in the fact that operators not residing on farms also decreased— from 557 in '45 to 185 in '50. « » * NUMBER of farm owners, part farm owners, managers and all types of tenants and croppers— all decreased during the five- year period. Cash tenants, for instance, dropped from 1,035 to 284, share tenants tumbled from 2,970 to 1,118 and farm owners decreased from 1,605 to 941 while part owners went from 174 to 513. As they became more efficient, the county's farmers geared their production more and more to cotton and beans. Cattle, horses, mules, hogs, poultry and various crops other than cotton and beans showed drops from '45 to '50. Corn acreage, for instance, dipped from 5,800 to 2,500. However, Mississippi County in 1950 was the leading agricultural county in the "cotton South" and was 29th in the nation. Only three counties, two in Texas and one in Florida, outdid it on value of farm products and all three of these counties are heavy citrus and truck producers. No other southern county, without the help of citrus and truck products, came close to Mississippi County. We Will Be LOSED ALL DAY Friday & Saturday April 30 & May 1 IK. ASHCRAFT CO. Railroad & Cherry St. Marine Colonel's Future Uncertain Schwable Escapes Court Martial But Record Is Blemished By C. TAXES MCDANIEL WASHINGTON (fl — The military future of Col. Frank H. Schwable was shrouded in uncertainty today even though his superiors had decided not to try the bemedaled flying Marine for signing a false germ warfare confession while a prisoner of the Beds in Korea. The Marine Corps yesterday announced the findings of a special court of three generals and an admiral which sat for a month, considering the case of the 45-year- old colonel who has 23 years of service and a World War n combat record behind him. The panel said Schwable's conduct was "excusable on the ground that it was the result of mental torture." The court's recommendations were reviewed and approved by Gen. Lemuel C. Shepherd, Marine Corps commandant, Secretary of the Navy Anderson and Secretary of Defense Wilson. The special panel did not sit as a court-martial. Rather, it was convened to sift the evidence and decide whether Schwable, the highest ranking Marine captured in th Korean War, should be formally tried for making the confession that he immediately repudiated when freed after 14 months in captivity. Its recommendations could set a precedent for the handling of one other Marine and 33 Air Force pilots who made similar confessions while in Communist hands. The Reds made propaganda use of these confessions in an effort to prove to the world that the U. N. forces used germ weapons against the Chinese and Northh Koreans. During his month-long hearing that ended March 15, Schwable detailed in graphic terms the physical degradation and mental torture to which the Reds submitted him before he broke and signed the confession. But he insisted that he gave the Communists po military information of value. In reviewing the court's findings, Shepherd and Anderson said they felt Schwable's "military usefulness has been seriously imparied." Wool Subsidy Victory Claimed But Major Price Battles Ahead WASHINGTON porters claimed a for the Eisenhower farm program but most agreed that the major battle* farm price supports are still ahead. By a 89-17 vote, the Senate yesterday passed a special *«**»• sidy bill and sent it on to the House. . Kanf Before that, the Senate beat down proposed riders aimed at extending the present .rigid price supports on major field crops or at reversing or modifying secretary of Agriculture Benson s order lowering price pops on dairj products. . . Sen. Aiken R-Vt, who steered the wool bill through the Senate said in an interview: "This proves that the Eisenhower flexible price support program is gaining strength throughout the .country. Farmers and the public now favor it and hteir views usually are reflected by members of the Congress." But Aiken conceded he does not know what will happen to the wool bill in the House Agriculture Com- o Members of that group say have slurped to handle all A:id he conceded {hat members ^ we Senate Agriculture Com- jmi*'. whi o!l heVnds, lined up *-' m extending fo r another year MipiHM-ts on cotton, wheat, corn- uibacco, not' ami peanuts at 90 Per cent of panty . "I|V.:cs,s we'll have to depend on t''f ^•M:UC and Hou.se to make the actual cloci.sions." Aiken said, apparently :;\iicatin K that the Ei- se^Knvcr proposal for flexible sup- porr.s bo: wet; 75 and 90 p*-r cent. °l Panty may no; have committee Approval in either the Senate or House. I; - tiie Senate votes yesterday. a majority of Democrats voted for Cipher Rovernrnent price supports while mast Republicans opposed them. The major test was the 48-40 defeat of a proposal by Sen. El- le::dtv <D-La.) and others to ex- tf'.-iried for one year the 90 per rent supports on basic crops due to expire at the end of this year. INDOCHINA . (Continued from Page 1) reign Minister Nam n, a trap and "completely unacceptable." 3. Diplomatic informants in London said the United States'is urging its Western allies publicly to pledge help quickly for France in resisting Communist aggression. However, as outlined there would be no direct ultimatum to Red China. Britain and France have opposed an ultimatum. 4. A reliable source said the United States, Britain and France have agreed there can be no cease fire in Indochina without safeguards to insure that the military situation remains frozen during negotiations for a political settlement. In rejecting North Korea's unification proposals, Dulles called on the 19-nation Far Eastern Conference to back up the 1948 United Nations plan calling for general elections under U.N. supervision. Implementation of this program, he said, would require the Chinese Communists "to withdraw their forces of aggression and occupation from North Korea so that the United Nations can complete its task m an atmosphere free of menace." Tiio sccreiary of state said the United States does not wish its o\vn troops to remain in Korea indefinitely, but once before the United States had withdrawn its troops and this turned out to be premature. Dulles said the North Korea proposal for general elections, presented yesterday by Foreign Minister Nam II. "is in essence the same as that, made in June. 1950, as a prelude to the armed attack: on the Republic of Korea." "Also." he added, "it is strikingly similar to the scheme which the Soviet Union presented .at Berlin last February for the unification of Germany. "The present Communist proposal on Korea provides that the freely elected government of the Republic of Korea, representing at least, three-quarters of the Korean people, would be, forced into combination, on the basis of equality, with the Communist regime ruling a small minority of the people in the North.". Also Excludes UN He pointed out that the North Korean proposal also excluded United Nations supervision. A French spokesman hailed the continuing informal talks on Indo- MCCARTHY (Continued from Page 1) not wear his reRular uniform, escaped kitchen duties, got more lonvcs and passes thnn other soldiers. McCarthy's complaint that It was "improper" for Jenkins to be asking 1 questions us though they were facts, without any evidence being introduced to show they wore fuels. drew retorts from Democratic senators. Botli Sens. Jackson (WusM and McClellan (Ark) said that earlier in the hearings McCarthy had asked whether career diplomat Samuel Reber left the State Department while under investigation on security charges. The two Democrats said McCarthy had put that question at Maj. Gen. Miles Reber, the first witness called by the Army, without any evidence being offered in support of the charge. The two Rebers are brothers. McClellan said Jenkins' questioning- was "absolutely relevant" to the Army's charge that preferential treatment was sought for Schine and obtained. McCarthy said when he was chairman of the investigating subcommittee he insisted on a rule that no one would be publicly accused unless he was in the committee room and had a chance to "step up and answer" immediately. Never Heard of Offer Before the row over this line of questioning by Jenkins, Stevens had testified he never heard Army Counselor John G. Adams offer to furnish McCarthy with information about "a large number of homosexuals" in the Air Force. The McCarthy camp charges that Adams did make such an offer in trying- to divert McCarthy china—Bidault and Molotov met first yesterday—as a sign that the critical question would not have to wait for disposition of the virtually deadlocked Korean problem but might actually be considered by the conference simultaneously. While the formal meetings of the 19 nations are dealing with proposals for unifying Korea, the Bidault-Molotov talks so far were limited to composition of a conference on Indochina, French sources expressed belief that agreement might be reached with the Communists soon on this, permitting invitations to the talks to go out. from hunting for Communists In the Army to a probe of the Air Force or Navy. Sen. Potter (R-Mich) questioned Stevens about this. Stevens also testified that McCarthy's aides wanted basic Army training waived for .Schine and Schine pivon an assignment in New York when he was drafted. "Of cour.se I couldn't agree to that," Stevens said. At one point, McCarthy told Slovens: "Somebody has been or will be guilty of perjury." McCarthy .said he felt the subcommittee has no choice but to send the entire record of the rhiRs to the Justice Department for possible perjury action. Stevens was recalled to the stand today with instructions from Chairman Mundt (R-SD) to "particular- Hze" his charges that McCarthy and two aides—Conn and Francis P .Can 1 —sought favors from the Army for Pvt. G. David Schine and "threatened" the Army if Schine didn't get them. The McCarthy camp has replied that Army officials treated Schine, a former subcommittee consultant, as a "hostage" in trying to pressure the group into halting or diverting a search for subversives in the Army. ; Ask« Detail* Specifically. Mundt asked Stevens to detail the Army's charges that Carr and Conn h*d sjked favors for Schine last Nor. 6, had made "threats" on Nov. 16, and that on Dec. 16 Carr had joined Conn and McCarthy In discussing Schine 's military assignment. When Stevens said yesterday he wanted to think the matter over during the night, McCarthy broke in to protest that "I Just don't think we can get anywhere in cross-examination that way." Mundt replied he believes "we can get somewhere by cross-examination." He said he thought Stevens was entitled to time to reflect on it. McCarthy has stepped off the subcommittee he normally heads for this inquiry, and Mundt has temporarily replaced him as chairman. Mundt said, meanwhile, that no date has been set for the committee to take up at a closed session "conflicting" statements mad* available to the committee by McCarthy. McCarthy said hii investigator* have found a Pentagon employe who first claimed, then denied, that he had been assigned to destroy some transcrips of telephone calls the subcommittee has subpoenaed. Stevens had testified that, in such a conversation monitored by one of his office staff. McCarthy had suggested Schine be given a few weekend passes "to t&ke care of his girl friends." ywwe/fan exfrv call SOUTHWESTERN BELL TELEPHONE CO. 6067 1O Reasons why- BOCK is the big Success More than five dozen new features are to be found in Buick for '54-but we give you here just a few of the reasons for the soaring success of these gorgeous aew glamour cars* 1 Greatest Styling Advance* hi Yean—with completely new bodies of years-away design in every model. *> Broadest Visibility AaVance-with backswept panoramic windshields that give 19% more visibility. O Newest Ventilation Advance in Buick interior comfort —from wide, screened air intake at hood-high level. M Highest VB Horsepowers in Buick history —from advanced vertical-valve V8 engines with up to 8.5 to 1 compression and 200 hp —plus new Power-Head fuel efficiency. rj Mnest Million Dollar »We-from aM-coil springing, torque-tube drive, longer wheelbases, new shock absorbers. {* fastest Handling ever found in a Buick— from .a new front-end geometry that stabilizes "cornering," insures more positive control, quicker response. Most Oergeevs Interiors ever to grace « Buick—plus new swing-away front doors for easier entrance and exit. 8 Most Complete Choice of Price Rouges— with the low priced SPECIAL, the sensationally powered CENTURY, the supremely spacious SUPER, and the custom-built ROABMASTBR. P.S. During April, 1,500,000 Americans will join the Thrill Ol The Month Club-just by faking the wheel of a 1954 Buick and discovering the new thrills in power and ride and handling ease to be had in this tomorrow-styled automobile. We cordially invite you to join them, by guest-driving a 1954 Buick. If s a thrilling new experience, Why not drop in this week? BOCK the beautiful buy MILTON IERLE STAHS W* IUICK-S** th« luick-fcrl. Show Twjdoy Ev«mno» Widest Selection off Modern Features— available on most models either as standard equipment or extra-cost options—including Twin-Turbine Dynaflpw, Safety Power Steering, Power Brakes, Power-Positioned 4-Way Front Seat, Power-Operated Radio Antenna, Easy-Eye Glass, Electric Window Lifts, Wire Wheels, Draft-Free Aircon- ditioner. High-powered, high-Hyled "fiordf»p," tMt 1954 Boicfc SnOKL Riviera deliver* for jwif o few dollar* nor* than timilar tntdtlt of ffi* "fow-pri** ffcnw." 1O Biggest Values Ivor-with prices that start right down next to the "low-price three"— LIKE THIS: Is the local Delivered Price of the 1954 Buick SPECIAL 2-door, 6-passcnger Sedan, Model 48D (illus.) •Optional equipracnf. accessories, itof and loco/ fax.*, if any. additional. 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