Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 21, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 21, 1973
Page 1
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Hdffli Paptf of CommunltiM Showers Tonight Low 59-64 Clearing May High 80 A Better fime*p<iper VOLUME LXXXii — 170 6AyESBURG/ILLINOiS6H01 — SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS President Will Answer Bug 1 apes (Juestion CAMP DAVID, Md. (UPI) President Nixon is discontinuing the secret taping of his phone calls and office conversations, has aides report. Meanwhile, the President is preparing a strong fight to prevent the Senate Watergate committee from obtaining tapes already made. White House sources say Nixon plans to inform committee chairman Sam J. Ervin Jr., D-N.C, Monday of his "irrevocable" decision not to give the committee the tapes of presidential conversations with Watergate figures which the committee wants. Constitutional Test If the committee issues a subpoena for the recordings, the President will refuse, according to aides, setting the stage for a constitutional test which might have ito be settled by the Supreme Court. He also is expected to turn down as unnecessary Ervin's request to meet with him personally to seek a way around the impasse over the tapes —a request to which Nixon had agreed a little over a week ago, before he went to the hospital with pneumonia. White House officials said the fact that Nixon's policy of having his conversations' recorded for "historical" pur* poses has become public knowledge prompted him to decide to end the practice. Nixon's qualities as a tough fighter showed ithrotigh his hospital pallor Friday as he left B e t h e s d a Naval Hospital, talked to aides at the White House and then, with his friend C. G. Rebozo, motored almost ithree hours to his mountain retreat tor a weekend of rest and planning. With reporters present, Nixon told a group of staff members assembled in the White House Rose Garden: "Any suggestion that this President is ever going to slow down or is ever going to leave this office ... is just plain poppycock." "We arc going to stay on this job until we got the job done," he said. He told the staff: "I want you to know when I come back from Camp David Monday morning it is going to be full tilt all the way." White House sources said Nixon's refusal to turn over the Watergate tapes is based on the rationale he spelled Out to Sen. Ervin in a July 7 letter -*-his constitutional duty to protect the powers and prerogatives of the presidency as a separate branch of government. These sources say the President was furious that knowledge of the secret listening devices which recorded virtually all of his White House conversations since the spring of 1971 had been made public and was well aware that his refusal to provide recordings of specific conversations to clear up the Watergaitc matter would leave him open to charges that lie was covering up his own involvement. Chore Time Happiness is having your own horse to feed — or a pail of hay, depending on your point of view. Six-year-old Donna' Kay, Cocoa, Fla., and her horse are silhouettes in patient contentment during a leisurely brunch in the. barn. UNIFAX War Powers, Bombing Scrutinized by Senate WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Senate has voted to limit to 30 days the President's authority to wage foreign wars without congressional consent. Meanwhile, the Senate Armed Services Committee probed further into the Nixon administration's concealment of bombing raids in Cambodia in 1969 and 1970 from the American public and from most members of Congress. TheSenate vote Friday to limit the President's ' war powers was 71 to 18. The measure would allow the Chief Executive to dispatch troops overseas only for 30 days in an emergency. Then he would have: to obtain congressional approval to continue a war. Congressional Conference The Senate measure and one passed Wednesday by the House, setting a 120-day limit, now go to a House-Senate conference to iron out the differences, But the resulting bill faces presidential veto, and there is little prospect that war critics in the House can muster the two-thirds majority needed to override a veto. . An Eastern liberal, Sen. Jacob K. Javits, R-N.Y., and a Southern conservative, Sen. John C. Stennis, D-Miss., joined in writing the Senate bill. They said the nation must never again, as in Vietnam, slip into a major foreign war without express consent of the elected representatives of the people. Opponents of the bill charged that it unconstitutionally crimps the President's ability to meet global responsibilities. Sen. John Tower, R-tex., offered an amendment to change the title to read: "A bill to...reduce the United States of America to the status of a second rate power." Meanwhile, Adm. Thomas H. Moorer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, met Friday with Sen, Stuart Symington, D-Mo., acting chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee to begin spelling .out to that committee how the administration covered up the bombing of Cambodia. Defense Department spokesman Jerry W. Friedheim Friday termed that cover-up "a blunder of some magnitude" and said it resulted from pressure by another section of government. He did not name this source of pressure but said it was not the State Department, leaving newsmen to speculate that it was the White House. The Armed Services Committee wants details of how the administration conducted 3,630 bombing raids in Cambodia in 1969 and 1970, dropping nearly 104,000 tons of explosives, while keeping two sets of records- one falsely showing the raids as occurring in South Vietnam, the other reporting the true facts to a handful of officials. Busy Shoppers Buying Before Phase IV Boost By United Press International Most supermarkets have not yet posted the price boosts allowed under the Phase Four economic program, but shoppers thinking ahead to higher costs are buying up whole cases of food in some cities, according to a United Press International survey. "It was a little busier than a normal Friday, probably due to people trying to beat possible price rises," said David Barranti, manager of the Arguello Supermarket in San Francisco. "We've had a lot of people buying full cases of merchandise," said Don Lyons, manager of the Food City store in Winston-Salem, N.C. He said 48-can cases of tuna fish and 24-can cases of vegetables have been selling well. In Raleigh, N.C, some shoppers were filling up oversized baskets and one man bought $200 worth of meat. Phase Four allows increases in the cost of producing food to be passed along immediately, to the consumer on all products except beef. The health industry was. als^al- lowed to raise prices. Other sectors of the economy have to wait until Aug. 12. While the price of many retail foods remained unchanged, perhaps because grocers have not been able to publish advertisements with new prices, a number of increases were reported, including a jump from $1.31 to $1.85 at Burlington, Vt. for a lC-lb. bag of potatoes. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS Abingdon — 10 Amusement 5 Busbnell — 5 Churches —— 6-7 Classified Ads 15-16-17-18-19 Comics-Radio 8 Editorial 4 Gaiva — 5 20 PAGES Hospital Notes 11 Knoxville 10 Markets u 9 Monmouth -.. 10 Obituary 11 Sports -13-14 Weather - 2 Women In The News 3 Hijackers Threaten To Blow Up Plane BEIRUT (UPI) — Five airline hijackers who forced the crew of a Japan Air Lines (JAL) jumbo jet to fly them from the Netherlands to the Persian Gulf threatened today to blow up the plane and its passengers if police tried to disarm them. A Dubai spokesman said the hijackers refused to let the passengers leave. A Dubai airport official, contacted by telephone, said the situation this afternoon was "unchanged" 10 hours and 15 minutes after the plane landed at 6:45 p.m. EDT Friday. Good Advice An 8-year-old boy who told President Nixon to "be a good boy and eat your vegetables" while in the hospital said he's been a fan of the President for a long time. John W. James III, Livermore, Calif., is shown in his bed­ room which is decorated with red, white and blue "stars and stripes" wallpaper. Pie wrote to the President a week ago, two days after he bad been released from the hospital himself. UNIFAX Spanish Officials Disclaim 'Lost Continent' Discovery CADIZ, Spain (UP!) Spanish officials today dismissed as "a complete lie" reports of possible discovery of the legendary lost eity of Atlantis off the country's southwestern coast and banned the U.S. expedition from further deep sea exploration. "They did not have proper authorization and certain procedures were incorrect," said a spokesman for the Cadiz naval headquarters in explaining the ban on further diving by expedition members. Leaders of the 70-member expedition said in a news conference Friday they had discovered ancient ruins dating from possibly 6000 B.C. spread over a 2.5 square mile area 14 to 16 miles off the coast and 95 feet down in the Atlantic Ooean. They said the ruins might be the remains of Atlantis, a city cf legend inhabited by a super- civilization that predated the ancient Egyptians and was mentioned in Greek mythology. Local archaeologists and the curator of the Generalissimo Archaeological Museum in Cadiz more or less agreed. The expedition members said they had found and photographed roads, columns and walls of a city on the ocean floor. At the news conference, however, they released only onr photograph showing two divers holding a piece of masonry. The expedition is being sponsored by Pepperdine University of Los Angeles. Watergate Messenger Boy Says Mitchell Okayed Plan WASHINGTON (UPI)Sandy-haired Gordon Strachan, another of those clean-cut youths in politics, says his Watergate role was only that of a messenger. But one of the messages he delivered to his White House boss, H. R. Haldeman, carried explosive implications. It came from Key Biscayne, Fla., where Jeb Stuart Magruder, a young man running the Nixon re-election committee until John N. Mitchell could take over, said Mitchell had approved "a sophisticated political intelligence' gathering system." Presumably that included Watergate. Magruder had just returnsd from a meeting with Mitchell in Key Biscayne, Fla., March 30, 1972. If Haldeman was told about Watergate two months before the initial wiretap break-in, did he tell President Nixon? Crucial Question That becomes the crucial question Monday when Strachan undergoes his first public questioning by the Senate Watergate Committee. He has been granted immunity so what he says cannot be used against him in any future trials. Strachan (pronounced "strawn") got no further than reading his 15-page opening statement by the conclusion of Friday's hearing. By Monday, the committee hopes to have President Nixon's response to its request for the secret White House telephone and office tape recordings which would disclose exactly what Haldeman and others told him about Watergate. Haldeman, Nixon's chief of staff and his No. 1 aide until he resigned April 1 with Nixon's praise, was one of the few officials who knew that everything said to Nixon in his oval and hideaway offices was automatically taped. Haldeman, too, will testify next week. Nixon was widely reported Friday to have decided to refuse to release the tapes. Deputy Press Secretary Gerald Warren said, "there is no change in the President's basic decision stated in his July 7 letter" in which he refused to make requested White House documents available to the committee. The panel could subpoena the tapes, but Sen. Herman E. Talmadge, D-Ga., said that could trigger a court fight taking years to conclude. AH the committee members want access to the tape, but few seem to think they will be granted it. An exception was Sen. Howard H. Baker, R-Tenn, "You can characterize me as (hopelessly optimistic," he said. Strachan, in his statement to the senators, disputed Magruder's earlier testimony that Magruder had fully briefed Strachan about every step in the Watergate operation. Strachan's job was to be the political conduit between the Committee to Re-elect the President at 1701 Pennsylvania Ave. and Haldeman, in the White House. High and Dry A dachshund named Snoopy joins his master, Pete Johnson after much coaxing and carefuly took a position that would in a cooling-off voyage aboard an air mattress on Seattle's keep him high and dry. UNIFAX Lake Washington. Johnson said Snoopy agreed to go along

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