Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 20, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, July 20, 1973
Page 4
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4 Galesbura Regiiter-MQil, Galeahura, M ..Friday, July 20, 1973 "Well, i Guess You Can't Believe All Fairy Tales! 0 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Lum ips m Whatever it is that doesn'tJove a wall seems to be getting scarcer and scarcer these days. The lumps have been rising to the surface of the melting pot for a long time now as many Americans show an increasing tendency to withdraw into the comfort and security of ethnic groups. Despite the fact that the phenomenon has been noticeable among Poles, Ita^ans, Irish and just about every other nationality, it has been most evident among blacks, for a lot of reasons. And a recent study indicates that the trend toward black separatism is increasing. The study on "racial solidarity and separate education" was conducted by William J. Wilson of the University of Chicago and Castellano B. Turner and WUliam A. Darity, both of the University of Massachusetts. Writing in the University of Chicago School Review, they report that although there is still considerable division in the black communities of the two cities they studied, 56 per cent of their random sample oppose busing of schoolchildren, 38 per cent favor black control of community schools and 22 per cent say that only black teachers should be allowed to teach black children. They also found that blacks who did not complete high school showed more isolationist tendencies than did high school graduates and 4hat younger people (under 30) were more often inclined to separatist ideas than were their elders. This is disquieting. The problem is not that separatism is a reflection of black pride. Rather it is a negative expression of frustration, or resignation to the fact that the white-dominated society is not serving the needs of its black minority. It is one thing to say, "Black is beauti- Join The press, which has been wrestling with problems of ethical standards and regulation of the profession since well before Vice President Agnew, is going to have to make room on its worry bench for newcomers. It is being joined by, of all professions, the law. In the fallout from Watergate, the legal profession has been doing some soul- searching at seeing so many of its own, including a former attorney general, involved in the affair, some admitting to or charged with actual criminal acts. Timely Quotes I was just a speck of dirt in the marble palace of Soviet culture. —Andrei Volkonsky, avant garde Russian composer permitted to leave the Sovit Union because the authorities had no use for his music. Think black but act colorless. —The Rev. Alfred M. Waller, a candidate for mayor of Cleveland, giving his personal motto. Melting Pot ful." It is quite another thing to say, "White is ug\y." That is why it is important to differentiate between the relatively healthy growth of ethnic pride in this country and the relatively unhealthy increase ih ethnic isolationism. , . In his book, "The Decline of the WASP," Peter Schrag wrote that America is becoming "a nation of outsiders for whom no single style or ethnic remains possible." And, he added, "there is a growing necessity to preserve and enlarge the p^ace apart, to reestablish the legitimacy of the things a man can call his own; not the goods of plastic, not the future of anonymity) but the privileges of being intrinsic, the integrity of place, the ability to love and to create in the present, the gratifications of immediate expression and engagement, and the ability to live where one feel,s most at home." The black separatist movement Contains many of these elements, of course. But it also contains too many elements of bitterness, frustration, despair and hatred to be healthy for itself or for American society ih general (however justified those feelings may be). For separatism is only a stop on the .way to anarchy and while we are far from the danger of imminently dissolving into 200 million distinct states, the closer we come to such chaos, the less able we are to meet our problems. Separatist blacks have to examine their motivations and try to determine what role paranoia plays in their desire to be splendidly alone. But more importantly, the rest of us have to try to understand what it is we have done to aggravate the harmful breaks in society and what it is we can do to help repair those breaks. the Club The new president of the American Bar Association, Chesterfield Smith, is calling for a tightening of professional discipline, including establishment of a national watchdog unit. And it is likely that overhauling of disciplinary machinery in most states initiated by a 1970 Supreme Court study of the problem will be accelerated. But the questions of how and how much to regulate are not easily answered, legal spokesmen point out. Law, although a public interest, is practiced by private individual^. Regulation can impinge upon such basic constitutional rights as due process and free speech, on sacred traditions such as confidentiality and freedom of choice, and numerous other considerations peculiar to the profession, the importance of which often may be fully understood only by those within it. It should all sound familiar to the press. Welcome to the bench. Embargo on Soybeans May Cut Gas WASHINGTON - In a secret dispatch from Belgium, the Central Intelligence Agency has re* ported ominous talk of curtail* ing the flow of gas to America in retaliation for the U.S. embargo on soybeans. The U.S. produces 90 per cent of the soybeans in world trade. These humble yellow beans are both the cheapest and richest Source of protein available. This makes them essential to the nourishment of people from Mexico to Japan. The worldwide demand for soy meal, however, has exceeded the supply.: President Nixon, therefore, has slapped strict controls on soybean exports. But the United States is at the other end of the pipeline on gasoline. The flow of gas to the United States passes, in large measure, through the refineries of Europe. Now the Europeans are citing the United States soybean em­ bargo, according to the CIA, as a precedent for reducing gasoline shipments to a U.S. already short of gas. MURPHY'S RETAINER: Genial George Murphy, the former screen star who made it to the Senate, is in trouble again because of his "consulting.I' He lost his Senate seat to Sen. John Tunney, D-Calif., In 1970 after We reported that Murphy had been drawing $20,000 a year as a "consultant" for Technicolor Inc., while serving in the Senate. Technicolor also paid half the rent on Murphy's apartment and provided him with handy credit cards. It happened that Technicolor was run by Patrick J. Frawley Jr., who often used company funds to push extreme right- wing causes. NOW MURPHY is back in the consultant business. His firm was paid $3 ,000 this year for two months of "consulting" over a / Comment By Jack Anderson bilingual children's television project sponsored by the U.S. Office of Education. An interim audit of the tele* vision project is highly critical of the retainer paid to Murphy's firm. "We dociimehfi- tlon to support the $3,000 Jti ft* talner fees," states the confl* dentil! report, Murphy insisted to US, JMw< ever, that he made 40 or 10 phone calls and pcitoAitlv "Interested" with Health, Educa* tlon and Welfare Secretary Caspar Weinberger In behalf of the (Project. . A* lot the $3,000 consulting fee, he rasped: "They got the best buy In Washington In hinny a moon." Footnote: The auditor! also sharply criticized other aspects of the bilingual children 's tele* vision project. They recommended that $400 ,93S in expenditures be "disallowed" and questioned the allocation of another $582, 6S7 spent to set up a television show similar to "Sesame Street" for Spanish-speaking children. The auditors also complained of exorbitant travel and salary expenditures. Vacation From Seriousness Good Idea Slang users would call the oonversation on civil rights "heavy." The day was a hot cne in early summer, the kind where no one wants to think too hard. But someone had brought up deep questions like, "Is the Negro better off in the South than in the North?" or "Has there been any progress in race relations since the march on Washington in August 1963?" or, "What is the black student thinking?" '. No one has ever discovered why civil rights people feel that they just must be serious. As though the world was pantingly awaiting their next word. I will not soon forget the letter I received from a Harry Blackman objecting to a published photograph showing President Eisenhower and a civil rights group actually laughing ait some joke or other. His thesis was that a solemn face was in order. NONSENSE. If one cannot smile or laugh, one has a difficult time dn the civil rights field. Black students do not think all the time about discrimination. Sometimes they think about lying on the grass, cutting a class, or a pretty girl. Comment By Roy Wilkins In fact, a pretty girl is often just what the doctor ordered. Look around you. Try not to be turned off by the clothes (or lack of them) and see if the. black Soul Sister is not neat — even pretty. The chances are that a well-built and good-looking girl is hiding beneath those ragged denims and those sloppy shapeless Sweaters. Nowadays, of course, they don't leave much to one's imagination. The Almanac Today is Friday, July 20, the 201st day of 1973 with 164 to follow. The moon is approaching its last quarter. The morning stars are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury and Venus. Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand explorer Who was the first man to conquer Mt. Everest, was born July 20, 1919. On this day in history: In 1859, American baseball fans were charged an admis­ sion fee for the first time as 1,500 spectators paid 50 cents each to see Brooklyn play New York. In 1917, the first lottery draft of Americans for World War I duty was conducted in Washington; In 1944, German dictator Adolf Hitler narrowly escaped death in a plot engineered by a group of high military and civil officials. In 1945, the flag Of the United States was raised over Berlin as the first American troops moved in to participate in the occupation government. Crossword Puzzle Pfople Answer H Preview halt j ACROSS I 1 Man from Copenhagen 5 Men from Warsaw 10 Primates 11 Man from Rabat 14 Veal or pork 15 Twelfth night 16 Send to another country 18 Siouan Indian (var.) 19 Iran of old 23 Was seated 24 Frequently (poet.) , 27 Saint Ignatius of—— 29 Alcoholic beverage 31 Man from Omsk 35 Man from Jaffa (var.) 38 European river 39 Man of learning 42 Civil War general 43 Bias 46 Smaller 48 Small particle 50 Burial chambers 54 Man from Beirut 58 Greater quantity 59 Hopi, for. instance 60 South African 61 Construct (2wds.) 62 Poker stake DOWN 1 Noblewoman 2 Highest point 3 Kind of tide 4 Bar (law) 5 Explosive sound 6 Boundary (comb, form) 7 Hang down loosely 8 Narcissus' lover (myth.) 9 Buffets (dial,) 11 Subway in Paris 12 Wild ox of Celebes 19 Russian veto 17 Electrical unit 20 Man from Damascus 21 Promissory note (ab.) 22 Chemical endings 24 Kimono sash 25 Red felt cap 26 Thrice (comb. form) 28PeerGynt's mother 30 Ethiopian title 32 Sick 33 Presidential nickname 34 Born 36 Corrode 37 56 (Roman) 40 Movie actor, David 41 Social event 43 Festive • 44 Article 45 Leaf divisions 47 Dance of Cuban origin 49 Female sebra • 51 Fish-eating. bird 82 Allowance for waste 53 Dried up 55 Insect egg 56 Old French coin 57 Plant juice V r r r" I 1 r i i to ir IT ir u IS It •• 11 W • •i ..n a 1 t J. » 14 * IT K. • J* frj/g* 43' 44 « 41 • U r w IT it a b ti r But regardless of whether they are inexpensively dressed, or whether they wear impeccable, smart outfits, or something in between, they are a welcome sight. In the mornings, on the subway trains, they give a tone to the day. Bach evening some of them revive the drooping spirits. The point is they look so good in the main (even the outlandish ones are trying hard) that civil rights people should pause in their reading to register the pleasant picture. THE NEGRO WOMAN is today, as she has always been, in the forefront of her race's battle for dignity and equality. There used to be a generation of housekeepers and handymen who pushed and carried the race forward. Today it is this crop of young people in every state who are helping mightily to do the job. Sometimes some of them lose their manners and go off the street language end, but most Of the time they are hanging in there. They use every weapon that women have used so effectively in pas* centuries: Reticence and boldness, a body and a brain, laughter and love. In their blossoming in recent years black women have removed, for the most part, the remnants of the Idea that some men were different from others merely because of color. Some do have access to wealth and power, but underneath it all they are basically the same. Thus unhampered, black women . can go on with the business of getting ahead in this world* Has there been progress since the march on Washington? A look at black students on any campus, a study of Negro women in any rural or urban center, a study of the unfinished battle upward in employment — all these will answer "yes," even if the rate of improvement has been less than it should have been. Civil rights people do not have to frown all the time. They ought to scan any group of black women. There they will find pleasant and inspiring answers to all "heavy" questions in bright unafraid eyes, firmly rounded legs, correct hair-dos, and well-cared-for nails. Statistics are for sober times. BERRY'S WORLD TM3MYOJqM3 ilfTlbyNU, lec.| except tor beln' a former member of the White House staff!" (jalesbiirg Register-Mail (NIWSPAPIft fNTMNUSI ASSN.) Office 140 South Pratrie Street Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 343-7181 Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Dally except Sunday* and Holidays other than Washington'! Birthday, Columbua Day and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James O'Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., Inc., New York, Chicago, Detroit. Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 50c a Week By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $16.00 3 Monthf SS.U 6 Months $ 9.00 1 Month f2.00 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there la eatablithed. newspaper boy delivery service. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of GalesbttM 50c a Week ^ By mall outside retail trading tone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: l Year $22.00 3 Months $6.00 6 Months 112.00 1 Month $8.50 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $26 00 3 Months $7.50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month I3.0W

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