Hwt* ftpu of 70 GommunliiM Showers Tonight tow 7tt ThundewhowCTs Saturday High 80 *3 .4 Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXXII — 171 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — FRIDAY, JULY 20, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Nixon Calls Resignation 'Just Plain Poppycock' WASHINGTON (UP I) President Nixon said today any suggestion that he might resign the presidency is "just plain poppycock." "Let others wallow in Watergate," Nixon said with emotion. "We are going to do the job we were elected to do." The President made the remarks in a spontaneous speech to a gathering of White House officials, staffers and secretaries on the steps outside his Oval Office after leaving Bethesda Naval Hospital where he had spent the last eight days recovering from viral pneumonia. Served Notice On his return to the White House in a motorcade from Bethesda in suburban Maryland, Nixon forcefully served notice to the country —and to his critics —that he was staying in the White House. "Some very well-intentioned people think the burdens of the office ... the rough assaults bring on illness," he said. "Some have suggested that I slow down ... Some have suggested that I resign." He then declared, using a wave of his hand for emphasis: "Any suggestion that this President is going to slow down or leave this office that he was elected to is just plain poppycock. "We're going to stay on this job." He added, "We realize in this office, where the great decisions are going to be made, that we must give the job all that we have." Seldom Mentioned It was one of the few times that Nixon in person has mentioned Watergate, which has engulfed his administration and has seen some of his former top advisers and aides accused of advance knowledge of the plot or complicity in covering it up. Speaking with apparent deep emotion, Nixon made it clear that he was not going to be forced out of office by the scandal. He led into his remarks by saying he was not going to follow his doctors' orders to slow down and get more rest. "I feel we have so little time in the position we have and so much to do. At the end of three and one-half years, when we look back we don't want to feel that one day we might have done something more for peace in the world," he said. The President said he was not trying to appear heroic. He said everyone in the White House "feels that way." The President's motorcade arrived at the White House after a half-hour ride from the hospital. Nixon Leaves Hospital President Nixon greets nurses who attended him during his stay at Bethesda Naval Hos pital. ;The President spent eight days recovering from viral pneumonia. UNIFAX WASHINGTON (UP I) President Nixon has no ^intention of letting Senate Watergate investigators listen to tape recordings of his White House conversations concerning the Watergate scandal, officials said tocteywV ..-jf* <# ^4i0Hf 'i%>. The President will complete a letter during the weekend to Chairman Sam J. Ervin, r> N:C. f of the Senate Watergate Committee advising him of his rejection of the panel's request for the tapes, White House officials said. Constitutional Battle The result may be a constitutional confrontation. Ervin and other committee members have insisted they should be given access to the tapes to resolve conflicts in testimony by some witnesses over Nixon's knowledge of the Watergate cover-up. Sen. Herman. E. Talmadge, D-Ga., predicted; today that the President's refusal might result in a unanimous vote of the committee's seven members — four Democrats' and three Republicans —to subpoena the tapes. T '.' Nixon presumably would con tinue to refuse to surrender them ^n grounds of presiden- battle in the SuprtMe Court between the executive and legislative branches. , Private Documents The White House appeared to indicate earlier in the week that Nixon would not grant the committee's request, saying the tapes —existence of which were first disclosed on Monday by a former White House aide —fell in the category of private presidential documents. Nixon two weeks ago rejected a previous Ervin request for access to presidential papers that might bear on Watergate, as well as refusing to appear personally before the committee. "I want to strongly empha size that my decision in both cases is based on my constitutional obligation to preserve intact the powers and preroga-> tives of the presidency and hot on any desire to withhold information relevant* t#your inquiry," Nixon wrote Ervin July 7. Ervin Letter In his new letter this weekend, Nixon is expected to suggest a date for a meeting— delayed by Nixon's illness this week, —with Ervin to discuss the situation. Committee members had expressed hope Nixon would agree to furnish the recordings. Earlier this week it was revealed that all conversations, telephone and otherwise, in the President's offices have been recorded since 1971. It is believed the, recordings might clear up Nixon's role in the Watergate affair. LiddyHeld In Contempt Of Congress WASHINGTON (UPI) - Convicted Watergate burglar G. Gordon Liddy today refused to even take the oath before a congressional committee and will be cited for contempt of Congress, Rep. Lucien D. Nedzi, D-Mich., said. Nedzi, chairman of the House Armed Services subcommittee on intelligence operations, told reporjterjj! Liddy's attorney said he could not take the oath on the grounds that it would violate his rights under the 5th and 6th Amendments to the Constitution. Where To Find It 2 SECTIONS 28 PAGES Abingdon 23 Amusement 6 Bushncll 5 Churches .. 8 Classified Ads ..24-25-26-27 Comics-Radio 20 Editorial .. 4 Galva — 5 Hospital Notes .. 15 Knoxville .. 23 Markets .. 21 Monmouth ....• .. 14 Obituary ... 15 Sports __. ..18-19 TV .. 9-10 Weather ... 2 Women in the News 7 J CIA Charter Review Requested by Stennis WASHINGTON (UPI) - Sen. John C. Stennis, D-Miss., called today for a full review of the Central Intelligence Agency charter because of recently disclosed CIA connections with domesitic surveillance and the war in Laos. Stennis, still ailing from gunshot wounds received during a holdup in February, issued the call as the Senate Armed Services Committee he heads began to reopen confirmation hearings on William E. Colby's nomination to be CIA director In a letter to Sen. Edmund S. Muskie, D-Maine, Stennis said: "The experience of the CIA in Laos, as well as more recent matters, have caused me to definitely conclude that the entire OTA act should be fully reviewed." Begin Revisions Stennis said he already had directed members of the committee's staff to begin work on revision of the 1947 National Security Act creating the CIA and that he had drafted tentative amendments to that law. He did not say what pairts of the statute he felt should be changed. The CIA —as a result of the Watergate investigation —was found to have aided White House aides in their surveillance of Daniel Ellsberg and to have furnished a wig plus other disguises used in connection with a 1971 Ibreak-in at the office of Ellsberg's Los Angeles psychiatrist, Dr. Lewis Fielding. Clandestine Army The agency also trained and financed a clandestine army of Laotian and Thai tribesmen in Laos for years before the activity was disclosed publicly in a congressional inquiry. Stennis's letter was read to the Senate during debate as an amendment to the war powers bill that would prohibit the CIA or any otiher civilian agency from introducing personnel in overseas warns without congressional consent. Aide Says Mitchell Okayed Watergate Break-In Budget WASHINGTON (UPI) - Robert C. Mardian testified today he was led to believe one week after Watergate that former Attorney General John N. Mitchell had approved the $250,000 budget which financed the break-in. June Meeting Mardian, a former assistant attorney general and close associate and friend of Mitchell both in the Justice Department and at the Committee for the Re-Election of the President, told of Mitchell's actions in a second day of testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee. Mardian described a meeting on June 23 or 24, 1972—six or seven days after the break-in. Present were Mitchell, Mardian and Jeb Stuart Magruder, President Nixon's deputy campaign chairman. Mardian said he asked Magruder how much money had been furnished G. Gordon Liddy, who a few days earlier had confessed to Mardian his role in masterminding the scheme to bug Democratic offices at the Watergate. Magruder said $40,400 had been given Liddy, Mardian testified. When Mitchell expressed surprise, Mardian said Magruder turned to Mitchell and said that was "not much out of a total budget of $250,000." "Mr. Mitchell said, 'But the campaign hasn't even started yet,'" Mardian testified. Elaborate Scheme Mardian said he took that to mean that Mitchell had acquiesced in Liddy's elaborate scheme of burglary, breaking- and-entering, and wiretapping. LaRue Conversation Mardian also testified about a conversation with Frederick C. LaRue, another friend and ranking associate of the reelection committee. He said a short time after the break-in he asked LaRue whether "John knew about it in advance." "He said 'yes,'" Mardian testified. But he had prefaced his remarks by saying, "I may be mistaken as to what he (LaRue) had said." Mardian also told how an aide to J. Edgar Hoover expressed fears to him that he would be fired and that sensitive tapes derived from wiretapplngs that were kept in his \ safe might be used by Hoover to pressure Nixon to keep him in office. Telephone Hoax Irks Senator Sam Threatens Son Freddie Sims holds a knife to the chest of his and led police on a wild chase. He was dis- 5-year-old son, Tony, as he backs away from armed and the child released with only a Memphis police Thursday. Sims had taken minor cut. UNIFAX the boy from the home of his former wife WASHINGTON (UPI) Folksy Sam J. Ervin Jr., victimized by "Secretary Shultz" the hoaxer, concluded the telephone is an "instrument of the devil." The chairman of the Senate Watergate Committee expressed the sentiment Thursday as he confessed his announcement to a national television audience that President Nixon was prepared to surrender the Watergate tapes resulted from hoax. "It's an awful thing for a \ery trusting soul like me to hnd that there are human beings, if you can call them such, who would perpetrate a hoax like that," the white- haired senator said in his North Carolina drawl. "My trust in humanity has been grossly abused. "Some people think the telephone is an instrument of the devil anyway," he added. Nixon didn't find the incident funny either. He ordered the Sen. Sam Ervin FBI to try and find the man and woman who posed as Treasury Secretary George P. Shultz and his secretary and led Ervin to believe the Secret Service would make available to the Senate committee tapes of Nixon's conversations with Watergate figures. Aides Give Version Aides to Ervin gave this version of the "great Watergate hoax." A little after noon Thursday, Dan Smith, an Ervin assistant, received a phone call in the senator's office. "This is Secretary Shultz's office," a woman's voice said. "The secretary wants to ta^k with Senator Ervin." Smith put the call on hold and the call was disconnected. But, like all good secretaries, the woman called back. Smith explained Ervin was in the hearing room and said he would transfer the call there. He then ran down the hall to tell Ervin the call was on the way. Rufus Edmiston, Ervin's personal counsel, took the call in the committee room. "I picked up the phone and the voice said 'Secretary Shultz for Senator Ervin,' " Edmiston said. "I thought it was about the Secret Service, and I called the senator to the phone." Ervin was on the phone several minutes but has not revealed exactly what "Secretary Shultz" told him. Sen. Howard Baker, R-Tenn., the committee vice chairman, talked with Ervin when he [came out of the phone booth. Went Into Great Detail "Whoever it was went into great detail," Baker said. "He talked about arrangements (for delivering the tapes) and the ground rules for the meeting" between Ervin and Nixon. Ervin made the dramatic announcement when the committee resumed its session at 2 p.m. Shortly afterward, committee counsel Samuel Dash got a call from Leonard Garment, Nixon's counsel. "He told me it obviously was not a proper statement because Shultz had not called Senator Ervin and the President had not made any statement," Dash said. Edmiston then called the Treasury Department, got i Shultz on the phone and asked him if he had called Ervin. "What the hell are you talking about?" Shultz was quoted as replying. He had not been watching the hearings and did not know about the announcement. Thirty-five minutes after his first announcement, Ervin took over the microphone and announced it had all been a hoax.
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