Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 17, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Tuesday, July 17, 1973
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T Home Paper of 70 Communltiei Register-! Partly Cloudy t^might Chance ot' Showers Wednesday A Better Nmtpape? VOLUME LXXXII — 167 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — TUESDAY, JULY 17, 1973 PRICE TEN GENTS Personal Lawyer Didn t W arn INixon 'Crooked Little House 9 Persons living, near Swanton, Neb., have been wondering for about three years just how far this building will lean before it gives up to the prairie winds and collapses. Local residents say the barn was built only 25 years ago, but old lumber was used for construction, hastening its downfall. UNIFAX President Released Friday WASHINGTON (UP I) President Nixon has recovered sufficiently from his bout with viral pneumonia to be released from the hospital Friday morning, his /doctors said today. i»i Dr. Walter Tkach, Nixon's personal physician, said the President would go directly from Bethesda Naval Hospital in suburban Maryland to Camp David for a long rest at his mountaintop retreat. Tkach told, reporters, **If I'm smiling today it's for a very good reason —the President is convinced he now looks better -and feels better." Stepped Up Schedule Nixon stepped up his schedule today, meeting for? 40 minutes with his Watergate lawyers Leonard Garment and J. Fred Buzhardt, apparently about the new disclosure before the Senate Watergate Committee that the President had recording devices on the telephones in all his offices. Press Secretary Ronald Zie- .gler told reporters that tapes from the recordings from Nixon's conversations fall into the presidential documents class which Nixon has refused to turn over to the Senate •conutiittee. ' Meets With Shnltz At noon, the President began a final decision-making meeting on his Phase IV economic program with Treasury Secretary George P. Schultz and others. Ziegler said Phase IV definitely will be announced this week and made it clear that today's consultation would be the last with Nixon before the plan is unveiled. The morning medical bulletin said the President had a dinner Monday night of beef tenderloin, string beans, carrots, fettucini and a spinach salad. Progressing Satisfactorily He has been in the hospital since last Thursday night and probably will stay there until Friday. Late Monday, Nixon's doctors said the infection in his lungs was starting to clear up. They said he .was breathing with only sJigl)t,.*chest pains, was "progressing satisfactorily" and wasVvivacious and loquacious." Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler .said the President's illness/would not hold up the announcement of the Phase IV plan. He said Nixon had never anticipated unveiling the program with a television address, a vehicle Nixon used in announcements of other economic policy switches. WASHINGTON (UP I) -j President Nixon's former personal attorney testified today he realized two months before the 1972 presidential election that something was wrong about secret payments to the seven original Watergate defendants, but said he never tried to warn Nixon about it. Herbert W. Kalmbach told the Senate Watergate Committee lie had "complete and implicit trust" in two of Nixon's top aides who he said had told him to raise the money —John W. Dean III and John D. Ehrlichman. Kalmbach said he felt the payments reflected a "moral obligation" felt by someone in the White House to help the bugging conspirators. "I just could not believe (they) would ask the President's personal attorney to do an illegal act," said Kalmbach, who was dismissed as Nixon's lawyer on May 1. As he did in his first day of testimony Monday at the nationally televised Watergate hearings, Kalmbach said he did not hesitate when Dean summoned him to Washington from his Newport Beach, Calif., home just 11 days after the June 17, 1972, bugging arrests and assigned him to raise money to pay the defendants' legal fees and help support theiir families. Buit Kalmbadh said he began to have some doubts by late August about fthe propriety of 'the. payments, especially because of the cloak-and-dagger manner in which they were made, and refused to raise any more funds after Sept. 21. By that time he had collected and distributed $220,000. "You made no attempt to contact your client, the President of the United States?" asked Sen. Lowell P. Weicker Jr., R-Conn. [ "No, sir, I did not," Kalmbach replied: "DM you make any attempt in August or September to get word through to the President?" Weicker asked. "No, I did not, senator," Kalmbach said. Had Some Qualms Kalmbach testified Monday that he had had some qualms within a month about the money-raising assignment, and had gone to Ehrlichman last July 26 for assurance it was all right. He said Ehrlichman, who was Nixon's chief domestic affairs adviser until last April 30, looked him "right in the eye" and told him it was proper. One of the convicted Watergate conspirators, James W. McCord, has charged that the payments amounted to hush money to keep the bugging squad quiet about the involvement of higher-ups in the plot. Kalmbach, who among other legal chores for Nixon handled the now controversial 1969 purchase of the President's estate in San Clemente, Calif., conceded today he never should have gotten involved. Kalmbach was asked by Sen. Daniel K. Inouye, D-Hawaii, whether "in retrospect are you now convinced that you were involved in a criminal activity?" "In retrospect, I realize that from what Mr. Dean has testified that this was improper, an illegal act —and it was just as if I was kicked in the stomach," Kalmbach said. Very Human Thing He said he felt it "a very human thing to do" to help the five men arrested at the Watergate offices of the Democratic National Committee, since it appeared to him the bugging had been authorized in advance. quent trials in the Watergate Herbert W. Kalmbach "I felt that someone in somc|the government at any subse- manner, expressly or by some action, had directed these people to go forward on this (bugging) assignment," he said. "The assignment was case. Kalmbach testified Monday that Mitchell, former attorney general and later chairman of stupid and illegal and idiotic, [the Committee to Re-Elect the But my feeling was that as long as they had been directed to undertake this, that there was an obligation to provide lawyers for them and to take care of ,Uie ^4a (pih^^^j;^^ ,^ v . Kalmbach isaid Frederick LaRue,, an aide to former Attorney General John N Mitchell, sent, him on the clandestine money-raising mission. Agreed to Plead Guilty LaRue, a millionaire Mississippi land developer, has agreed to plead guilty to one charge and give testimc/Iy for President, participated in a meeting in his office in July, 1972 at which Kalmbach's fundraising activities were discussed. lit testimony at the Senate- inquiry last week, Mitchell denied such early knowledge of efforts to funnel money to the Watergate seven. Kalmbach testified Monday that John D. Ehrlichman, former No. 2 man on the White House staff, said there was nothing wrong with secretly raising money for the Watergate burglars. Ziegler Considers Tapes WASHINGTON (UP I) White House Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler said today the tapes of President Nixon's White House conversations were considered documents." Nixon, in a letter to Senate investigators July 7, said he would not permit access to such presidential documents on grounds it would jeopardize his Ability to conduct the business of the presidency. Lengthy Exchange In a lengthy exchange with newsmen, indication President would change his mind and agree to a request from Sen. Sam Ervin's investigating committee that the tapes be used to clarify the question "presidential | of the President's personal involvement in the Watergate cover-up. He said'a detailed statement from J. Fred Buzhardt and Leonard Garment, Nixon's two Watergate lawyers, would' be issued in the near future and indicated it would deal with this matter. disclosure Monday by former White House aide, Alexander Butterfield, that virtually all of Nixon's White House conversations and telephone calls have been recorded since the spring of 1971. He declined to say whether the tapes were still intact or what the President's reaction to Butterfield's disclosures were. "I just am not prepared to talk about this," Ziegler said. He did say Nixon, recovering from a bout of viral pneumonia, Evades Questions Ziegler gave no The press secretary turned was informed of Butterfield's of whether the aside all questions about the testimony by an aide. Where To Find It 2 SECTIONS 32 PAGES Abingdon 27 > Amusement 6 Bushnell 7 Classified Ads ..28-29-30-31 Comics-Radio .22 Editorial 4 Galva 7 Hospital Notes 15 Knoxville 27 Markets 26 Monmouth 24 Obituary 15 Sports 18-19 Weather 2 Women in the News ..8-9 Alaskan Pipeline Approved WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate voted overwhelmingly today to give the green light for construction of the $3.5 billion trans-Alaskan oil pipeline. It passed and sent to the House a bill that would grant a right-of-way across public lands for the 789-mile pipeline from Alaska's Arctic Coast to the ice-free port of Valdez. A short time earlier, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew broke a 45M9 tie and oast the deciding vote as the Senate voted to block further environmentalist court challenges to construction of the pipeline. Agnew Vote Agnew's vote blocked further consideration of an earlier decision to declare that the pipeline met requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. It was the first time that Agnew had voted to break a tie since taking office in 1969. The Gravel-Stevens amendment was intended to head off further court action by environmentalist groups that succeeded earlier in blocking the project. But tfie bill's floor manager, Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D - Wash., questioned whether the courts would pay any attention to a finding by Congress that the pipeline was in oomjpliance with *he law. "It is my guess that the courts will still wish to make their own findings as to whether the environment im­ pact statement is adequate or the other requirements of NEPA have been met," Jackson said. Legal Effects Jackson said further that there might be "more litigation and more delay" over, the question of the legal effect of such a finding by Congress than there would be if legal action by the environmentalists were allowed to run its course. The Gravel-Stevens amendment, Jackson said, was "very friendly" to the pipeline opponents because it gave them additional grounds on which to sue. Jackson concluded by reminding his colleagues that they had already approved an amendment urging the courts to act speedily because of the "national urgency" of the project. "I believe that the courts will heed that message," he said. "In doing so, they do not need a host of new legal ambiguities and new causes of action." The Senate Monday reaffirmed its decision to prohibit the export of Alaskan oil to Japan or other countries except when found by the President to ibe "in the national interest." By a vote of 86 to 0, it adopted an amendment by Jackson ithat would give the Congress 60 days in which to override any decision by the President to export oil. Committee Wants White House Tapes WASHINGTON (UPI) Every word spoken by or to President Nixon since the spring of 1971 in his Ovai Office in the White House or his hideaway office next door has been tape - recorded—and the Senate Watergate Committee wants to play the tapes. The recordings could either confirm that John W. Dean III tipped off Nixon to the Watergate cover-up as early as September, 1972, or disprove Dean's sworn testimony and go a long way toward reestablishing Nixon's credibility. A Gallup poll says 71 per cent of the public rejects Nixon's denial of Watergate complicity. So far, White House officials aren't saying whether Nixon will release the tapes. But he already has laid down a firm policy of refusing to release White House papers touching oh Watergate despite the prospect the senators may seek to subpoena them. The existence of the procedure for taping every conversation in Nixon's office was one of Washington's best secrets. The disclosure may touch off a diplomatic storm—testimony before the committee indicates the White House has taped and filed even the most confidential conversations between Nixon and visiting foreign dignitaries. His phone calls—if made over phones in the Oval Office, his hideaway office in the Executive Office Building next door to the White House, the Lincoln sitting room in the residential part of the White House or at his desk in Camp David-^were similarly taped. Alexander P. Butterfield, deputy assistant to the President until last March 14 and administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration since then, disclosed the existence of the taping devices Monday as a "surprise witness" before the Senate committee. He swore that the recordings were made solely "for posterity" —to be stored in the Nixon library which will one day record the Nixon era of the American presidency. Only Nixon and a handful of others knew—a few aides, led by H. R. Haldeman, Butterfield's boss, and the Secret Service agents who installed and operated the devices. Butterfield's disclosures stole attention from the witness who followed him, Herbert W. Kalmbach, personal lawyer for Nixon. But Kalmbach's testimony contradicted the cover-up denials offered under oath by Dean, former Attorney General John N. Mitchell and John D. Ehrlichman, former close aide to Nixon. Ehrlichman has sworn in a deposition given in connection with a civil lawsuit filed by the Democratic party that he knew nothing of the cover-up until March 21, the same day Nixon says he learned. But Kalmbach said last July 26 he went to Ehrlichman and asked him to look him in the eye and say it was "proper" for him to be raising cash from Republican contributors for the original seven Watergate defendants without telling how the money was being used. "And did he look you in the eye?" asked Samuel Dash, chief committee counsel. "Yes, he did," Kalmbach said. "...He said, 'Herb, John Dean does have the authority. It is proper and you are to go forward.' " He also pictured Dean as a key figure in the payoffs and Mitchell as involved in raising funds to buy the defendants' silence. Last week, from the same seat occupied by Kalmbach, Mitchell swore under oath he played no such role. The Senate committee, when { it meets privately on Wednesday, is certain to demand that Nixon release the tape recordings made during Dean's confrontations with Nixon in September, 1972, and March and April, 1973. Sen. Joseph M. Montoya, D- N.M., said the committee will have to take precautions "to make sure that the tapes weren't doctored." Sen. Lowell P. Weicker, R- Conn., said he favored subpoenaing the tapes if the White House resists giving them up- even though he opposes a subpoena for the papers Nixon has refused to surrender. White House 'Bug* Rooms Former White House Deputy Assistant Alex- the President's conversations and telephone ander P. Butterfield told the Watergate Com- calls, among other places in the Lincoln Sit- mittee Monday that the White House is ting Room, the Oval office and the family bugged at President Nixon's order. Highly quarters. UNIFAX sophisticated electronic equipment monitored

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