The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 24, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, April 24, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 29 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY. APRIL 24. 1954 EIGHT PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVt CENTS French Throw Counterattack Effort Fails to Dislodge Reds From Grip on Main Airstrip Ousted FHA Head Denies Charges Hollydoy Says Office 'Greatly Concerned 1 WASHINGTON (AP) — Guy T. 0. Hollyday, recently ousted as federal housing commissioner, has taken issue with a top Justice Department offi- HANOI, Indochina (AP)—The French hurled powerful counter-attacks today at the Communist-led Vietminh in the vital northwest corner outpost the rebels had newly captured in their drive to the heart of Dien Bien Phu. -" * *> A French Army spokesman said the defenders of the fortress had not succeeded in dislodging the deeply entrenched rebels from their grip on the whole northern half of the fortress' main airstrip. But he said the counterattack had given the French some added breathing space in which to establish a new defense line of trenches and fortifications. Withdrawal Foiled Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, heroic commander of the bitterly contested fortress, launched his counterassaults in an effort to snatch back the outpost captured yesterday by the Vietminh in a day of furious hand-to-hand fighting. But the Vietminh threw in overwhelming numbers of troops and De Castries was forced to call back the main body of his forces to the heart of the fortress. The French claimed the enemy suffered heavy losses in today's fighting. Two Vietminh battalions numbering .about 2,000 men were said by the French to have been hit severely by raking fire from tanks and artillery inside Dien Bien Fhu's shrinking perimeter. cial's charge that FHA felt no responsibility for protecting Seizure Order—Mundt PRINCIPALS IN HEARING ROOM—Principals in the televised Senate Investigations Subcommittee sit at a table in the hearing room in Washington, D. C. Left to right: Army Secretary Robert Stevens, Maj. Gen. Robert Young, Roy Cohn and Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis). John Adams leans over Stevens' shoulder. Reporters and others are in background. (AP Wirephoto) preying home owners from repair salesmen. Hollyday told the Senate Banking Committee yesterday that FHA was "greatly concerned" over the welfare of home owners who use government-insured loans to refurbish their houses. Warren Olney m, an assistant attorney general in charge of criminal prosecutions, had testified earlier in the day that FHA did not regard itself as a public service agency and that its officials "frequently described themselves as being in partnership with lenders and promoters." Furthermore, said Olney, "they think they have no responsibility for victims of these swindles . . . that they can wash their hands of all the responsibilities as long as the government's financial liability is protected." Shakeup Continues Hollyday's White House-requested resignation nearly two weeks ago was accompanied by allegations of widespread irregularities in the FHA's program of insuring loans for home repair and charges that some apartment house builders pocketed many millions of dollars by obtaining government-guaranteed loans bigger than their construction costs. Hollyday himself was not accused of wrongdoing, but rather of failing to act vigorously enough against the r e p o r ted abuses. A shakeup in FHA's top echelon, which began with Hollyday's departure after a year in office, continued yesterday as Acting FHA Commissioner Norman P. Mason announced acceptance of the resignation of Howard M. Murphy, associate general counsel of the agency. Murphy as the sixth official to leave office in the shakeup. He is to appear next week at the Banking Committee investigation. Meanwhile, the Senate yesterday voted the committee $150,000 to finance its probe into the housing scandals. ' Gov. Cherry Files For Second Term LITTLE ROCK (/P)—Gov. Cherry The French counterattack inside the fortress came after the Vietminh took time out to consolidate their newly won positions in the north corner. The French communique said the defenders had a "calm night" after a bloody day of hand-to-hand fighting yesterday in which the Communist-led rebels captured a vital outpost comprising the northern half of the main airstrip of the fortress. Monsoon Hits A heavy mist hung over the battered fortress today. The French hoped for clearing weather before noon to permit new waves of bombers and fighters to blast at the enemy. The attackers had sliced through thick mazes of barbed wire and overwhelmed a third French outpost on the northwest rim yesterday % Savage counterattacks failed to stem the drive. , Monsoon rains the past week turned the bowl-shaped Dien Bien Phu battlefield into a swamp of red mud, hampering French warplanes and bogging down field armament. The French defenses still intact covered an area less than 'a mile across last night. This was a tiny target for planes that must parachute in all food and war supplies. The plight of the weary defenders was considered especially acute because all escape routes from the remote mountain position have been blocked by the encircling Vietminh masses. * The Dien Bien Phu battle had wide repercussions. The first of a new contingent of paratrooper reinforcements from France arrived .at a secret Viet Nam air base 'yesterday. U. S. Air Force Globemasters ferried the troops on a three-day, 8,500-mile flight which skirted India. The French News Agency said in a dispatch from Saigon more landed in Indochina today. Indian Prime Minister Nehru banned the flight over India, the normal route, on grounds his country was neutral in the Indochina fight. 1,000 Troops Involved French sources in Paris said the emergency airlift involved about Big 3 Private Talks End; See Obstacles PARIS (AP)—The Big Three foreign ministers wound up four days of private strategy talks today convinced many obstacles will have to be hurdled before the Geneva Conference gets down to its primary business of trying to bring peace to Korea and Indochina. U.S. Secretary of State Dulles, British Foreign Secretary Eden and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault arranged a final get-together this afternoon to iron out their strategy for the Geneva meeting which opens Monday. Following this meeting, Dulles and Bidault plan to leave for Geneva today. Eden was scheduled to fly there tomorrow. A long-distance clash by diplomatic note between Russia .and the West over the role of Red China at the Geneva Conference made it clear this problem in itself would be a major issue to be worked out before the conferees in Switzerland ever would come to> the specific questions for which they were convened. Prompt Rejection Russia formalized her demand that the Communist Chinese delegation headed by Premier-Foreign Minister Chou En-lai .be granted the position of a great power in Firms On. FHA List The West a Big Five meeting, promptly said no. Although this is described as merely a procedural problem, it has assumed the proportions of a major issue of the conference. The Russians apparently realize Dulles is on a delicate spot because of strong American feeling against any sort of recognition of Red China and because of the growing feeling among other West- JFHA Director ern powers that the United States j Wade is attaching too much importance to this issue. For this reason, it is generally believed Russia will not drop tl issue simply because formal We.? ern notes yesterday rejected it Big Five proposal. The Western stand, hardened b the attitude of the United State. 1 is that Red China is no differen than any of the other several in terested countries which were in vited by the Big Four to a con See BIG THREE on Pag:e 3 filed for a second term yesterday, paying a $1,500 filing fee with a cashier's check. Cherry is opposed by Gus McMillan of Sheridan. Earlier yesterday, former Gov.. Sid McMath paid his S2.500 filing I Communist-led Vietminh fee in cash to become a candidate j china. for the U. S. Senate. He opposes! He called for a cease-fire Sen. John L. McClellan, who is arrangements seeking a third term. 1,000 troops. Nehru, speaking in Parliament in New Delhi today, asked the United States, Britain, Russia and Red China to agree at Geneva to halt all aid to either the French or in Indo- Corporation Profits Down NEW YORK UP)—A dip of nearly 12 per cent in profits from a year ago is shown for 150 corporations that already have made financial reports for the first three months of this year. The reports for the initial quarter of 1954 are the first to focus sharply on the business downturn that began several months ago. Profits for many companies also were down in the fourth quarter of 1953 but they were lumped with results for the full year which on the average shewed again of better than 10 per cent for all of 1952. and for complete independence for the divided, war-shattered country. President Eisenhower referred to the Dien Bien Phu struggle yesterday as "an agony of conflict—a See INDOCHINA on Page 3 Industry Fund Drive Stands At$H5,OQQ Blytheville's industrial fund stood at $115,000 this morning as workers pressed for final cleanup action in the campaign to raise $150,000. Monday will be the final day of work for the Chamber of Commerce group which has been spearheading the drive. As of now, plans are to advertise for bids on Tuesday, with contract-letting tentatively set for April 26 or 27. All plans are contingent on the fund drive which is in its final stages. The money will be used to erect a building which will be leased to Central States Metal Co., which is to operate a metal processing and fabricating plant here employing at least 200 men. Publicity Head Named LITTLE ROCK (ff>)-~ Peter Harkins was elevated yesterday from assistant director to director of the State Pubilicity and Information Department. 3 DWI, One Speeding Case in City Court Four traffic violation cases were brought before Municipal Court this morning including three charges of driving while intoxicated. Robert Williams was fined $100 and costs and sentenced to 24 hours in jail on a charge of driving while Intoxicated and Abe Lendennie forfeited $111.75 bond on a like charge while the case against Arthur Anthany on a similar charge was continued until Monday with bond set at $111.75. J. P. Tyler forfeited $10 bond on * charge of speeding. i plans for observance of Armed] a display of airborne infantry Forces Day here were mapped last night at a meeting of civic and business leaders and National Guard and Army officials at the National Guard Armory. Armed Forces Day has been proclaimed for May 15 by President Eisenhower and is to be proclaimed locally by Mayor E. R. Jackson. Mayor Jockson attended last night's meeting along with representatives of the Kiwanis, Lions and Rotary Club, Chamber of Commerce and local Army and Air Force reserve units. Maj. -M. G. Quattlebaum of Jonesboro, advisory officer for National Guard units of Northeast Arkansas, presided over last night's meeting. Maj. Quattlebaum told the group that the local National Guard unit the observance of Armed Forces Day but he urged that the city "join hands" with the military in ,;.<5 observance. He stated that he has requested equipment to be set up at the air base here but that so far his request has not been confirmed. Maj. Quattlebaum told the group that^ Blytheville's National Guard unit will hold open house' and is inviting all local reserve units, veterans groups and "any other organization interested" to set up exhibits at the Armory for the open house. Possibilities of a parade to be held May 14 or 15 were discussed by the group with no definite action taken. Upon the request of Maj. Quattlebaum, Mayor Jackson appointed Lt. H. E. Graham, Jr., commanding officer of Blytheville's National Guard unit and Worth D. Holder, manager of the Chamber of Commerce, as a committee to check into the feasability of holding a parade. The committee is to report back lo Mir sroup at a s ; m.lar me : ng \vliich hris been called for next Friday night. Dr. W. F. Brewer Dies of Illness Services Tomorrow; Dentist Had Practiced Here for 42 Years Dr. W. F. Brewer. Blythevillf dentist who had practiced here fo: 42 years, died at 2 a.m. today a Chickasawba Hospital after an illness of seven weeks. Dr. Brewer, who came to Blytheville to begin the practice of dentistry in 1912, had retired in February. He was 76. Services will be conducted at 4 p.m. tomorrow at Cobb Funeral Home Chapel by the Rev. Roy I Bagley, pastor of First Methodist Church here. Burial will be in Elmwood Cemetery. Born in Carrsville, Ky., April 12 1378, Dr. Brewer had served on the Board of Stewards of the First Methodist Church here for 30 years. He and Mrs. Brewer observed their 50th wedding anniversary April 9. He'is survived by his wife, Mrs. Pearl Brewer: a brother, J. L. Brewer of Smithland, Ky.; and a sister, Mrs. Charles Ferguson of Smithland. Their only child, a -son, Billy, died in 1934. Active pallbearers will be Harvey Morris, J. W. Shouse, Jr., Dr. James Guard, Harry Harp, P. E. Cooley, I. R. Mason, J. V. Dates and hilip J. Deer. Honorary pallbearers will include all members of the First Methodist hurch Board of Stewards and Dr. . R. Johnson. ORMOND BEACH. Flu. i.-P-The best breakfast-planning trophy in the Mrs. America contes' went to Mrs. Dorothea Smith of Plummer- ville. Ark., here yesterday. The 26-year-old housewife served tomato juice, dry cereal. b;icon, eggs, tor.st, butter, preserves, milk and coffee. The fudges said the wife of an agriculture teacher-farmer nnd mother of three children showed ori"-in;>'i!y in planning the break- LITTLE ROCK (/P)~A list of 48 individuals and firms, more than half of them identified as doing business in Texarkana, was released by the Federal Housing Administration office here last night in an investigation of the housing program. The list, entitled "Firms and salesmen .subject to the provisions of the precautionary measures list of the Federal Housing Administration" was released by Arkansas Marvin Wade. was instructed by his I Washington office to release the list after the Senate Banking Committee made public a nation-wide list in its probe of the multimillion dollar housing scandals. Banks, Lenders Cautioned The FHA has cautioned banks and lending institutions not to deal with firms and individuals on precautionary lists because of their alleged failure to give legitimate service to homeowners under the home repair program. Wade said the list was started in 1940 under the Title 1 program of the FHA act, dealing with home improvements. The list: J. W. Adams, contractor, Texarkana, Ark-Tex. Jack Mirowitz, or Jack Meredith, Fort Smith. Marvin L. Lee, Robert Rogers Jr., A. Allen, E. J. Hart, Billy Edwards, P. M. Brown, all of Texarkana. Ark. L. L. Ward and William Wilson, Texarkana Ark-Tex and Abilene. Tex. Richard Bowman, Texarkana Ark-Tex. and Tulsa, Okla. Kathryn Woodard. Texarkana, Ark.Tex. and Shreveport. La. L. Brooks. Texarkana, Ark. William B. Davis, Texarkana, Ark-Tex. H. W. Albrecht, Texarkana, Ark- Tex. J. H. Bates, Little Rock. Clyde E. Causey, Harrison. Jack Cline, Jonesboro. Oliver Wendell Crumpton, Little lock. O. Goodwin, Jonesboro. van Goodwin, Jonesboro. Jack Gordon, Little Rock. John Hill, Jonesboro. Ben Holt, Texarkana, Ark. Floyd H. Johnson, Little Rock. V. O. Nichols, or V. O. Nicholon, 'ittle Rock. Mai Orr, Jonesboro. Lloyd H. Scarborough, Scarborough Furniture Co., DeWitt. Southern Nurseries & Landscap- ng Service, Little Rock. Hyman Weiner, Little Rock. W. J. Winbourn, Little Rock. Hyman Wynn, Little Rock. Arkansas Home Building and Re- airing, S. L. Kay, owner, Little lock, and Pine Bluff. Samuel L. Kay .Little Rock. Mack MacGregor, Texarkana, Vrk. Kelly McDonald, Texarkana, Vrk. Meadows & Brown Realty & In- See HOUSING on Page 3 Some Doubt Of Legality Expressed By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said today the Senate investigating subcommittee may have to rewrite what he called its "fuzzy" order for seizure of records on telephone calls in the McCarthy-Army officials' dispute. With the subcommittee's national televised hearings in recess until Monday. Mundt said in an interview there is sonic doubt about the legality of making "public transcripts of monitored conversations without'the consent of both parties. "If this matter pets into the courts, we don't want the whole investigation to go down the drain because of a legal technicality," he declared. The South Dakota senator is acting as subcommittee chairman during the inquiry. Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis>, the regular chairman, has stepped off the subcommittee but retains the right—as docs the Army side—to question witnesses. Stormy Session In a stormy session, the subcommittee's four Republicans and three Democrats voted yesterday to subpoena "all memoranda, all documents, all notes of monitored conversations as between parties in this controversy and all others that lire relevant ... if they are found to be material and relevant to the issues this committee is now considering." The unanimous vote came after McCarthy threw the hearing into an uproar with a charge that the transcribing of.a Nov. 7. $653 telephone conversation he had with Secretary of the Army Stevens was "completely improper . . . indecent and illegal under the laws" because he knew nothing of the action at the time. Stevens has charged McCarthy and his chief counsel, Roy M. Cohn, sought special treatment for a drafted former committee aide, G. David Schiue. McCarthy has replied that Stevens and his aides tried to pressure the subcommittee into dropping its investigation of alleged Communists in the Army. Both sides have denied the others' charges, and the subcommittee probe is aimed at getting 1 to the bottom of the maze of accusations and denials. All Records Demanded McCarthy demanded yesterday that all records of telephone conversations be obtained by the committee. Joseph N. Welch, counsel for Stevens and other Army officials, announced his clients would onsent. saying "nothing would delight the Army more." McCarthy said he would agree only if every transcript were made public, adding that he wasn't going o allow anybody who might not be a principal in the hearing to efuse consent and thus keep a onversation secret. In Milwaukee, where McCarthy flew after the hearing to make a ?air of speeches today, the senator aid further that he wants the irmy telephone transcripts in the ecord because, he said .they would how efforts to get his investigators o lay off the Army. Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel, old the subcommittee it might be violating the Federal Communica- ions Act if it spread on the record ny conversation where one of the wo persons involved didn't consent o that action. He said committee nembers were taking "the chance f getting in jail." This squared with the opinion of government attorneys familiar with with the communications law. who said that while monitoring a phone call itself was not illegal the conversation cannot be lawfully made public without consent of the party at the other end of the line. Executive Session Planned Mundt said he was sure the subcommittee would have to have an executive session next week "to rephrase, refine or at least interpret" the seizure motion, authored by Sen. McClellan (D-Ark). He told newsmen the second part See MCCARTHY on Page 3 HEADS STATE PEG—Mrs. J. C. Barton of Fort Smith, newly- elected president of the Arkansns State Chapter of PEO Sisterhood, accepts the congratulations of Gov. Francis Cherry. Mrs. Barton succeeds Mrs. Byron Goodson of DeQueen. Gov. Cherry and Mrs. Cherry attended the banquet honoring husbands of niernbers last night at Hotel Noble. (Courier News Photo). State PEO Convention Here Concludes Today More than 250 delegates and visitors attended today's concluding session of the Arkansas-State Chapter convention of the PEO Sisterhood. An invitation wns accepted for Conway to be the convention city in 1955. Hostess chapters will be Chapter E of Conway, Chapter AB of Monticello, Chapter AF of Warren and Chapter AH of Russellville. During the "Cottcy Hour," Miss Amanda Hiller of Fort Smith was awarded the nnual Cottey College scholarship. Special guests introduced were Mrs. Lillian Twiner of Jonesboro. past president of Ohio State Chapter; Mrs. Helen Hutton of Memphis, past president of South Dakota State Chapter; Mrs. Katherine Rowser of Fort Worth, first vice-president of Texas State Chapter, and Mrs. Frances Church of Kansas. City, Mo. A number of visitors from Memphis, Kennett, Mo., and Caruthersville. Mo., also attended . The session wns concluded this afternoon, bringing to an end activities which began Thursday, when Mrs. Byron Goodson, president, entertained members of the executive board and past state presidents with a dinner, followed by Memorial Hour at the First Baptist Church. A reception at the home of Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Gee ended the first day's activities. Yesterday's session took place at the First Methodist Church, where reports were given by the state officers, which included Mrs. Goodson, president; Mrs. J. C. Bnrton of Fort Smith, first vice- president; Mrs. H. P. Westmoreland of Conway, second vice-president; Mrs. D. E. McCoy of Sheridan, organizer; Mrs. All-en Reynolds of Fayetteville, recording secretary; Mrs. Harold Flickinger of Siloam Springs, corresponding secretary, and Mrs. R. E. Stewart of Little Rock, treasurer. Petrov Case Causes Soviet-Australia Break MOSCOW (AP)—The Soviet Union has severed its diplomatic relations with Australia because of that country's refusal to hand back its fugitive envoy in Canberra, Vladimir Petrov, as an embezzler and swindler. Jaycees Plan Dog Inoculation Clinic to Be Held Next Week • y c -;. America will be lo-' night. Plans are being made by the Jlytheville Junior Chamber of Com- ierce in co-operation with city fficials and local veterinarians to old a rabies inoculation clinic or dogs next week, according to Bill Hrabovsky, Jaycce chairman of the program. Tentative plans call for the establishment of the clinic in a conveniently located spot about the middle of next week, ho said this morninp. 3r. N. G. Ji ,'Jine ar.rl I.)r. Daud Milei, Blytheville veterinarians, have pledged their support of the clinic and have agreed to reduce the regular inoculation fee during) the event, he added, because of their interest in seeing something done to stem the rise of rabies in this area. Chief of Police John Foster said this morning that he is negotiating for a dog catcher and thought he would have one by Monday. A city ordinance calls for the lic::>n.,me; of all dogs in Blytheville. but they muat I* inoculated first. In a note handed yesterday to Australian Charge d'Affaires Brian Hill in Moscow, the Russians accused Australia's government of a "large-scale campaign of slander" in its allegations that Petrov fled his post as third secretary in the Soviet Embassy at Canberra and handed over a mass of documents said to have exposed a Communist spy ring, Embassy Closed It demanded that Hill, top-ranking Australian envoy to the Kremlin, leave with the five-member embassy staff immediately. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko told Hill the Russians wanted the staff moved out in two or three days. At the same time the Russians recalled Ambassador Nikolai E. Generalov from Australia and announced the embassy there would be closed. (In Canberra, the big Soviet Embassy staff was busy today burning documents and books in a huge bonfire in its fenced-in yard. There was no indication exactly when the Russians would leave Australia). In addition to repeating the Soviet demand for the arrest of Petrov on charges of swindling and embezzling Russian embassy funds the note accused the Australian government of kidnaping Mrs. Petrov. who the Australians say was granted political asylum with her husband. Australia already had rejected the demand for the return of Petrov when it was made earlier by Generalov,' and kept him in *», secret hiding place. Mrs. Petrov was reunited with him after a tumultuous incident in which she was taken from a plane at Darwin just as she was about to depart with Soviet agents for Moscow. Violence Charged In that incident, the Soviet note charged, "Australian police used violence against the second secretary of the embassy Kisitsyn, subjected the Soviet diplomatic couriers to forcible search with the use of physical violence." The two couriers had been disarmed by the Australian police at Darwin after the Russians tried to bar authorities from talking to Mrs. Petrov. Moscow Radio's announcement of the note was the first the Soviet public had been told of the Petrov case. Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Widely scattered thundershowers Sunday. No important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, becoming loudy and colder with scattered thundershowers north and extreme west tonight and over most of the state Sunday. Maximum yesterday—83. Minimum this morning—63. Sunset today—6:39. Sunrise tomorrow—5:17. Mean temperature (midway high and low—73. Precipitation la*t M houn to a.m. today—-non*. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—11.30. This Date tut TMT Maximum yesterday—tt. Minimum this morning—4C. Precipitation Jaauuf 1 « 7:00

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