Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 16, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Monday, July 16, 1973
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j^^JesbMfflJfeQjittfrMail, Galesburg, III,Mon., July 16, 1973 "For Every New Account We Have a Little Gift!" EDITORIAL Comment and Review Presidential Immunity Robert E. Smytye, the former governor of Idaho, once remarked-that his experience in public life had taught him there are "can do" lawyers and "can't do" lawyers. ' Depending on the client's needs, learned counsel tends to find legal justification for doing — or not doing — a particular thing. Lest it be misunderstood, this is not a disreputable practice. On the contrary, it is what lega\ representation is ail about.- It can readily be assumed that President Nixon relied heavily on "can't do" lawyers in making his case for refusing to testify before the Senate's Watergate Committee or to permit it access to presidential papers. To do otherwise, he said, would violate the constitutional separation-of-powers doctrine. In good lawyerly fashion, Nixon's letter of refusal to Sen. Sam J. Ervin Jr., D-N.C, the committee chairman, cited a precedent — Harry S Truman's own refusal 20 years earlier to appear before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. And Truman cited precedents going back to Jefferson. All this makes an impressive case for refusal. But enter now the "can do" lawyers, who lay out an equally impressive case, for compelling a President to testify or submit presidential papers. Take the attempt in 1807 by Chief Justice John Marshall to make President Jefferson testify in the treason trial of Aaron Burr. As noted, Jeffereon's defiance drew the applause of Truman and now Nixon. But Marshall's opinion in that matter is currently giving aid and comfort to the other side. In a 1972 Supreme Court decision unrelated to Watergate, Justice Byron R. White riled Marshall's opinion in a footnote. And the footnote has since assumed unusual significance. Writing on behalf of the Court's majority, White denied newsmen immunity from testifying before grand juries. He reit- ; erated the "long-standing principle that 'the * public has a right to every man's evidence,' except for those persons protected by a constitutional, common law or statutory privilege." The footnote, seeming to imply that a President has no such privilege, states: "Chief Justice Marshall . . . opined that in proper circumstances a subpoena can be issued to the President of the United States." Justice Marshall knew then what we are being told today: There is a large gap between constitutional theory and the ability or power to act on that theory. Somewhere in between is political practicality. That gap may be narrowed in the next- few weeks during meetings between President Nixon and Sen. Ervin. Those sessions may shed some light on Mr. Nixon's involvement in the attempts to cover up the Watergate affair and answer many of the questions the public, according to the polls, is anxious to have answered. If such conversations between the two result in a clear understanding of the President's role in the affair, then it wi.\l be unnecessary to push for a formal appearance by Mr. Nixon before the Senate investigating committee. Hurricane Supplication Day Virgin Islanders will be spending next Monday in church. The reason is Hurricane Supplication Day, a legal holiday on the island and a time of prayer for protection from the tropical cyclones. Skeptics who dismiss such a practice as nonsense might take a look at the statistics. The last hurricane to hit the Virgin Islands was in 1932. In contrast the National Weather Service's Emergency Warning Branch reports that an average of two full-fledged hurricanes lambast the U.S. coach each year. Hurricanes arise from a combination of heat and moisture, generally occur in late summer or early autumn in the Northern Hemisphere, and strike hardest in the Caribbean and along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. The U.S. Weather Bureau characterizes hurricanes as "cyclonic storms of the tropics" with wind speeds of 75 miles an hour PF more. When winds do not reach that v^Jocjty, the disturbance is known as a tropical storm. A giant hurricane can be compared to a 500-billion-horsepower engine capable of lifting two billion tons of water from the ocean in a single day and dumping it back in torrential rains. Last year's Hurricane Agnes, which did $1.7.billion of property damage in Pennsylvania alone, was such a storm. Even a medium-sized hurricane liberates as much energy in a single day as the simultaneous explosion of 400 hydrogen bombs. In just 60 seconds, it can develop more energy than all the, electric power stations in the United States produce in several years. Hurricane control efforts, such as seeding the clouds near the center of the storm with silver iodide crystals, have produced mixed results. Cloud seeding has been suspended for at least two years while scientists work on developing more effective measures. While there are no available figures on the total cost of U.S. hurricane research, forecasting, control and relief, the price doubtless runs into millions each year. Prayer, Virgin Islanders might argue, costs nothing. Mitchell Was Never Solid With WASHINGTON (NEA)-Even as he was testifying before the Efvin Senate committee on Watergate, myths about former Attorney General John Mitch* ell's status with President Nixon in earlier times persisted. Consistently he has been identified as the "man Nixon' chose to manage his 1968 cam* paign." Yes, indeed, but very late in the game—after others had served for many critical ' months and a diligent but un* successful search had been conducted for still another. I have written earlier that Mitchell's vaunted closeness to Mr. Nixon was to a large extent a fantasy, and not just as applied to recent times when he couldn't even get to see the Big Man in the White House. I hold to that, notwithstanding recent surprisingly onesided sympathy portrayals (how sad the fall of' the strong man), which etch Mitchell as the Great Rock, the secure one on whom the President relied prin- ciipaliliy for political guidance virtually from, the beginnings of his 1968, campaign. Actually, the first official Nixon campaign manager was Dr. Gaylord Parkinson, California Republican state chairman, who was chosen early ifi 1967 — not least to give the President's campaign a national scope and flavor and blunt the fact that at that stage it was heavily anchored mostly by widespread, support among carefully cultivated southern GOP leaders. Mr. Nixon quickly discovered that Parkinson's flamboyance and lack of organizational skills were a handicap. But he was saved having to dump him when the illness of Parkinson's wife caused him to withdraw. The next manager, picked in miidsudiimer after a long lapse of time, was former Oklahoma governor Henry Bellmion. He took the job reluctantly on an interim basis, since he planned to run for the Senate (which he did, victoriously.) Bellimon was mainly a figurehead, with the advertised real manager the Washington-based Robert Ellsworth, a former Kansas congressman. By late winter, 1968, Bellmon Comment was 'gone. Officially, "executive director" Ellsworth continued in charge while Nixon forces looked hard but vainly for an effective, prestigious replacement. Spring was far advanced when the quest was abandoned and ithe job was given to John Mitchell, almost by a process of osmosis. He had been managing a tight organizational ship in Mr. Nixon's New York head* quarters, had done a good job setting up primary operations in Wisconsin and some other states. Ellsworth meantime had com* imitted a grievous error or two, and had failed to crack the in* ner circle rooted in Mr. Nixon's law firm. Yet, for all his official ad* vancement, Mitchell missed two of three major meetings key Nixon men held with their boss at Key Biscayne and Montauk, Point, LI, in June-July, 1968, at which they laid the groundwork for the fall campaign. And the evidence is compelling that almost up to election •time, Mitchell felt insecure in his post, resented anyone who gained access to the candidate over his head, and was particularly suspicious of an odd Nixon political maneuverer, Murray Ohotiner, whose poor public image kept him necessarily out of sight. ' The "Great Rock" even then seemed to some insiders as made of Hollywood's papier- mache. Navy's Gunboat Diplomacy Revealed WASHINGTON - The U. S. taxpayers have 'been building gunboats for the Paraguayan navy, which has been hauling narcotics downriver to Asuncion, where the dope is flown to the United States. The secret reports, which tell of the navy's involvement in the dope smuggling down the Paraguay River, don't specify whether American-b u i 11 gunboats were actually used to transport narcotics. But classified Pentagon documents show the navy contracted with the Sewart Seacraft yards in 1970 to build three 40-foot patrol craft. The deal was arranged through the U. S. Navy's New Orleans office. PARAGUAY'S little navy operates on the river, which bisects the country, as part of the personal fleet of the strongman, Gen. Alfredo Stroessner. Six of the same 40-foot gunboats were also built for Iran in 1970, the confidential documents show. In 1972, the U. S. contracted to build another six 50-foot patrol boats for Cam-, bodtia, an 85-foot patrol craft for both the Dominican Republic and Guatemala and a 40-fcot plane personnel rescue ship for the Philippines. Comment By Jack Anderson 1 When we questioned the navy . about this gunboat diplomacy, a horrified spokesman declared: "It's classified. That document has been compromised." The arrangements had been approved, he said, by the White House, the Pentagon and the Congress. But he refused to say how much it cost the U. S. Apparently, it's all right for a dictator to know how much he is getting from the American taxpayers, but illegal for the taxpayers to know how much they are helping the dictator. «5>WUy NEA, Inc, (jalesbutg Register-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 343-7191 Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Daily except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday, Columbus Pay and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher: Charles Morrow, editor and general manager: Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James O'Con- noi>, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., Inc., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston. Charlotte MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 50c a Week By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $16.00 3 Months $5 25 6 Months $ 9.00 1 Month $2.00 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery service. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg 50c a Week By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: 1 Year $22.00 3 Months $600 6 Months $12.00 1 Month $2,50 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $26.00 3 Months $7.50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month $3.0U DEAD OR MISSING? President Nixon has promised a "full accounting" of the men still missing in action in Southeast Asia. However, he quietly blocked a Marine Corps "change of status" report, which would have declared the missing men as officially dead. This is the private conclusion of the experts who have been trying to trace the missing men. Pentagon spokesmen acknowledge that they know of only one man on the missing list who may still be alive. Most of the others, numbering between 1,200 and 1,300, should be presumed dead. The Marine Corps was about to make this official for its own missing troops on June 29. But apparently, the President stopped the announcement because of the anticipated protest from parents. A secret Navy survey of the MIA wives found that 88^ per cent of the .women hoped for the change of status. They reluctantly feet that it's time to start building a new life for themselves and their children, accepting the reality of their husbands' deaths. Until the men are officially declared dead, however, a new start is impossible for obvious psychological and financial reasons. Most of the missing men's parents, on the other hand, are • opposed to a change in status. With no more children to raise in most cases, they cling desperately to the slimmest hope of finding their sons alive. Footnote: The parents control the "League of Families" organization which continues to press for facts on the missing men. FLAP OVER FIRING: President Nixon's top woman appointee at the Commerce De­ partment, Dr. Betsy Ancker- Johnson, had hardly settled In her new office as assistant secretary when she summoned Patent Commissioner Robert Gottschalk and demanded his resignation. Tihe astonished Gottschalk returned to the Patent Offics fo> think about it. A week later, as he was about to leave for an important treaty-signing' conference in Vienna, he got another summons from Dr. Ancker- Johnson. Gottschalk describes the conversation this way: "I want you to understand that you are not to leave the country unless I have your resignation," said the peppery Ph.D. Retorted Gottschalk: "Now wait a minute, Betsy, you're asking me to choose between giving up the treaty and giving up my job." "No matter what," she said, "I'm asking for your resignation today:" 1 i ••••• V •• •• >' i With his tickets purchased, his passport in hand and the trademark ' treaty in the balance, Gottschalk dashed off his resignation and submitted it to Dr. Ancker-Johnson. "I had to pay the ransom of quitting to get that treaty signed," Gottschalk told us angrily. Dr. Ancker-Johnson denies saying the exact words attrib- ' uted to her by Gottschalk but admits she was eager to get his resignation in hand before he left for Vienna. She claims she had management reasons for firing the vet- ; eran patent attorney, but Gottschalk's friends insist his only offense was to ruffle feathers by trying to clean up the inefficient and contention-ridden Patent Office. (Copyright, 1973,- by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Crossword Puzzle Fishing Answer Is Preview Punle ACROSS 1 Conger 4 Pikelike fish 7 Mount in Holy land 10 Wild animals IS Roach*point 14 Vitrified substance 15 Iranian coin 16 Range 18 Japanese sash 18 Gesture of affection 80 Monastic titles 21—herring 22 Tale of heroic deeds 24 Owns 27 wife) 28 Edible root 30 Came of skill 32 Command 34 Price indicator 35 Town (Corn* tab prefix) 36 Undermine 38—to the bait 41 Ethiopian title 42 Biblical vessel 44 Research room (coll.) 46 Odd number 47 Far off (comb, form) 49 Roman robe 50 More offensive to sight 52 Departs 54 Bank employe 55 Surfeiters 56 Japanese coin 57 Evan number DOWN 1 List of mistakes 2 Boy's name 3 Bulgarian coin 4 Loliobrigida 5 Turkish dignitary 6 Fish seen often with sharks (pi.) 7 Fresh-water fish 8 Operatic songs 9 Shakespearean king 10 Pipe joint 11 Revolts 12 Slip 17 Gridiron IS cheer 20 Confronts 23 Deity 25 Play a part 26 Voracious sea fish 29 Constellation 31 Freudian term 32 Juicy fruit 33 Vends again 85 Blue 37 Friend (colL) 39 Untidy person 40Avid 43 Electrical measures 45 Perchlike fish 47 Numerical suffix 48 Be mistaken 49 London gallery 51 Island (Fr.) 53 Consume food IT (NiWSFAPfg INTERPRISE ASSN.) I

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